81 relations: Adela of Champagne, Adela of Normandy, Adelaide of Maurienne, Alberic of Trois-Fontaines, Alexios I Komnenos, Alexios I of Trebizond, Alexios II Komnenos, Amadeus II, Count of Savoy, Andronikos I Komnenos, Anne of Kiev, Baldwin I, Latin Emperor, Baldwin III of Jerusalem, Bertha of Holland, Bithynia, Black Sea, Capetian dynasty, Constance of Antioch, Constantinople, Crimea, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, Empire of Trebizond, Engelbert, Duke of Carinthia, Eustathius of Thessalonica, Floris I, Count of Holland, Fourth Crusade, Genoa, Gertrude of Saxony, Gisela of Burgundy, Marchioness of Montferrat, Great Palace of Constantinople, Greece, Heir apparent, Henry I of France, Henry of Flanders, Holy Land, House of Capet, Humbert II, Count of Savoy, Irene Doukaina, Isaac II Angelos, Joan of Geneva, Kingdom of England, Latin Empire, List of Byzantine emperors, List of Roman and Byzantine Empresses, Louis VI of France, Louis VII of France, Manuel I Komnenos, Manuel Komnenos (son of Andronikos I), Margaret of Hungary, Maria Komnene (Porphyrogenita), Maria of Antioch, ..., Matilda of Carinthia, Matilda of Flanders, Montpellier, Narjot de Toucy (died 1241), Niketas Choniates, Patrologia Latina, Philip I of France, Philip I, Count of Flanders, Philip II of France, Philippa of Antioch, Pope Alexander III, Power behind the throne, Queen consort, Raymond of Poitiers, Renier of Montferrat, Richard I of England, Robert de Clari, Roger of Hoveden, Second Crusade, Sequel, Stephen, Count of Blois, Theobald II, Count of Champagne, Theobald III, Count of Blois, Theodora Komnene, Queen of Jerusalem, Theodore Branas, Theodosius I of Constantinople, Thessaloniki, Western Europe, William I, Count of Burgundy, William of Tyre, William the Conqueror. Expand index (31 more) » « Shrink index
Adela of Champagne (Adèle; c. 1140 – 4 June 1206), also known as Adelaide and Alix, was Queen of France as the third wife of Louis VII.
Adela of Normandy, of Blois, or of England (c. 1067LoPrete, Kimberly. "Adela of Blois." Women and Gender in Medieval Europe: An Encyclopedia. Ed. Margaret Schaus. New York: Routledge, 2006. 6-7. – 8 March 1137), also known as in Roman Catholicism, was Countess of Blois, Chartres, and Meaux by marriage to Stephen II, Count of Blois.
Adelaide of Savoy (or Adelaide of Maurienne) (Adelaide di Savoia or Adelasia di Moriana, Adélaïde or Adèle de Maurienne) (1092 – 18 November 1154) was the second spouse but first Queen consort of Louis VI of France.
Alberic of Trois-Fontaines (Aubri or Aubry de Trois-Fontaines; Albericus Trium Fontium) (died 1252) was a medieval Cistercian chronicler who wrote in Latin.
Alexios I Komnenos (Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός., c. 1048 – 15 August 1118) was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118.
Alexios I Megas Komnenos or Alexius I Megas Comnenus (translit; c. 1182 – 1 February 1222) was, with his brother David, the founder of the Empire of Trebizond, which he ruled from 1204 until his death in 1222.
Alexios II Komnenos or Alexius II Comnenus (translit) (10 September 1169October 1183) was Byzantine emperor from 1180 to 1183.
Amadeus II (– 26 January 1080) was the Count of Savoy from 1078 to 1080.
Andronikos I Komnenos (Ανδρόνικος Αʹ Κομνηνός, Andrónikos I Komnēnós; – 12 September 1185), usually Latinized as Andronicus I Comnenus, was Byzantine Emperor from 1183 to 1185.
Anne of Kiev (c. 1030 – 1075), Anna Yaroslavna, Anna of Rus also called Agnes, in France known initially as Anne de Russie or Agnes de Russie, was the queen consort of Henry I of France, and regent of France during the minority of her son, Philip I of France, from 1060 until 1065.
Baldwin I (Boudewijn; Baudouin; July 1172 –) was the first emperor of the Latin Empire of Constantinople.
Baldwin III (1130 – 10 February 1163) was King of Jerusalem from 1143 to 1163.
Bertha of Holland (1055 – 15 October 1094), also known as Berthe or Bertha of Frisia and erroneously as Berta or Bertrada, was queen consort of the Franks from 1072 until 1092, as the first wife of King Philip I. Bertha's marriage to the king in 1072 was a result of peace negotiations between him and her stepfather, Count Robert the Frisian of Flanders.
Bithynia (Koine Greek: Βιθυνία, Bithynía) was an ancient region, kingdom and Roman province in the northwest of Asia Minor, adjoining the Propontis, the Thracian Bosporus and the Euxine Sea.
The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.
The Capetian dynasty, also known as the House of France, is a dynasty of Frankish origin, founded by Hugh Capet.
Constance of Hauteville (1128–1163) was the ruling Princess of Antioch from 1130 to 1163.
Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis; Constantinopolis) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine Empire (330–1204 and 1261–1453), and also of the brief Latin (1204–1261), and the later Ottoman (1453–1923) empires.
Crimea (Крым, Крим, Krym; Krym; translit;; translit) is a peninsula on the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe that is almost completely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the northeast.
The Ecumenical Patriarch (Η Αυτού Θειοτάτη Παναγιότης, ο Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κωνσταντινουπόλεως, Νέας Ρώμης και Οικουμενικός Πατριάρχης, "His Most Divine All-Holiness the Archbishop of Constantinople, New Rome, and Ecumenical Patriarch") is the Archbishop of Constantinople–New Rome and ranks as primus inter pares (first among equals) among the heads of the several autocephalous churches that make up the Eastern Orthodox Church.
The Empire of Trebizond or the Trapezuntine Empire was a monarchy that flourished during the 13th through 15th centuries, consisting of the far northeastern corner of Anatolia and the southern Crimea.
Engelbert II (died 13 April 1141), a member of the House of Sponheim, was Margrave of Istria and Carniola from about 1103/07 until 1124.
Eustathius of Thessalonica (or Eustathios of Thessalonike; Εὐστάθιος Θεσσαλονίκης; c. 1115 – 1195/6) was a Greek scholar and Archbishop of Thessalonica.
Floris I of Holland (born c. 1017 in Vlaardingen – killed June 28, 1061 in Guelders (Gelderland), Netherlands was Count of Holland, then called Frisia west of the Vlie, from 1049 to 1061. He was a son of Dirk III and Othelindis. He succeeded his brother Dirk IV, Count of Holland, who was murdered in 1049. He was involved in a war of a few Lotharingian vassals against the imperial authority. On a retreat from Zaltbommel he was ambushed and killed in battle at Nederhemert (called Hamerth at the time), on 28 June 1061.
The Fourth Crusade (1202–1204) was a Latin Christian armed expedition called by Pope Innocent III.
Genoa (Genova,; Zêna; English, historically, and Genua) is the capital of the Italian region of Liguria and the sixth-largest city in Italy.
Gertrude of Saxony (1030 – August 4, 1113), also known as Gertrude Billung, was a countess of Holland by marriage to Floris I, Count of Holland, and countess of Flanders by marriage to Robert I, Count of Flanders.
Gisela of Burgundy (1075–1135), was a Countess consort of Savoy and a Marchioness consort of Montferrat.
The Great Palace of Constantinople (Μέγα Παλάτιον, Méga Palátion; Latin: Palatium Magnum, Turkish: Büyük Saray), also known as the Sacred Palace (Ἱερὸν Παλάτιον, Hieròn Palátion; Latin: Sacrum Palatium), was the large Imperial Byzantine palace complex located in the south-eastern end of the peninsula now known as Old Istanbul (formerly Constantinople), in modern Turkey.
An heir apparent is a person who is first in a line of succession and cannot be displaced from inheriting by the birth of another person.
Henry I (4 May 1008 – 4 August 1060) was King of the Franks from 1031 to his death.
Henry (– 11 June 1216) was the second emperor of the Latin Empire of Constantinople.
The Holy Land (Hebrew: אֶרֶץ הַקּוֹדֶשׁ, Terra Sancta; Arabic: الأرض المقدسة) is an area roughly located between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea that also includes the Eastern Bank of the Jordan River.
The House of Capet or the Direct Capetians (Capétiens directs, Maison capétienne), also called the House of France (la maison de France), or simply the Capets, ruled the Kingdom of France from 987 to 1328.
Umberto II, nicknamed the Fat (1065, Carignano, Piedmont – 19 October 1103,C.W. Previte-Orton, The Early History of the House of Savoy, (Cambridge University Press, 1912), 276-277.), was Count of Savoy from 1080 until his death in 1103.
Irene Doukaina or Ducaena (Εἰρήνη Δούκαινα, Eirēnē Doukaina; – 19 February 1138) was a Byzantine Empress by marriage to the Byzantine emperor Alexios I Komnenos, and the mother of the emperor John II Komnenos and of the historian Anna Komnene.
Isaac II Angelos or Angelus (Ἰσαάκιος Β’ Ἄγγελος, Isaakios II Angelos; September 1156 – January 1204) was Byzantine Emperor from 1185 to 1195, and again from 1203 to 1204.
Joan of Geneva (born c. 1040, died 1095) was a Countess Consort of Savoy; married to Amadeus II, Count of Savoy.
The Kingdom of England (French: Royaume d'Angleterre; Danish: Kongeriget England; German: Königreich England) was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century—when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms—until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The Empire of Romania (Imperium Romaniae), more commonly known in historiography as the Latin Empire or Latin Empire of Constantinople, and known to the Byzantines as the Frankokratia or the Latin Occupation, was a feudal Crusader state founded by the leaders of the Fourth Crusade on lands captured from the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire.
This is a list of the Byzantine emperors from the foundation of Constantinople in 330 AD, which marks the conventional start of the Byzantine Empire (or the Eastern Roman Empire), to its fall to the Ottoman Empire in 1453 AD.
This is a list of women who were Roman Empress, i.e. the wife of the Roman emperor, the ruler of the Roman Empire.
Louis VI (c.1081 – 1 August 1137), called the Fat (le Gros) or the Fighter (le Batailleur), was King of the Franks from 1108 until his death (1137).
Louis VII (called the Younger or the Young; Louis le Jeune; 1120 – 18 September 1180) was King of the Franks from 1137 until his death.
Manuel I Komnenos (or Comnenus; Μανουήλ Α' Κομνηνός, Manouēl I Komnēnos; 28 November 1118 – 24 September 1180) was a Byzantine Emperor of the 12th century who reigned over a crucial turning point in the history of Byzantium and the Mediterranean.
Manuel Komnenos (Greek: Μανουήλ Κομνηνός, Manouēl Komnēnos; 1145–1185?) was the eldest son of Byzantine Emperor Andronikos Komnenos (r. 1183–1185) by his first wife, whose name is not recorded.
Margaret of Hungary (Margit) (born 1175, living 1223) was a Byzantine Empress by marriage to Isaac II Angelos, Byzantine Emperor, and a Queen consort of Thessalonica by marriage to Boniface of Montferrat.
Maria Komnene (or Comnena) (Μαρία Κομνηνή, Maria Komnēnē; Constantinople March 1152 – July 1182) was the eldest daughter of the Emperor Manuel I Komnenos by his first wife, Irene of Sulzbach.
Maria of Antioch (1145–1182) was a Byzantine empress by marriage to Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Komnenos, and regent during the minority of her son porphyrogennetos Alexios II Komnenos from 1180 until 1182.
Matilda of Carinthia or Mathilde of Sponheim (died 13 December 1160 or 1161) was the daughter of Engelbert, Duke of Carinthia and his wife Uta of Passau.
Matilda of Flanders (Mathilde; Machteld) (1031 – 2 November 1083) was Queen of England and Duchess of Normandy by marriage to William the Conqueror, and sometime Regent of these realms during his absence.
Montpellier (Montpelhièr) is a city in southern France.
Narjot III de Toucy (died 1241), lord of Bazarnes, was the son of Narjot II of Toucy (France) and his wife Agnes de Dampierre.
Niketas or Nicetas Choniates (Νικήτας Χωνιάτης, ca. 1155 to 1217), whose real surname was Akominatos (Ἀκομινάτος), was a Greek Byzantine government official and historian – like his brother Michael Akominatos, whom he accompanied to Constantinople from their birthplace Chonae (from which came his nickname, "Choniates" meaning "person from Chonae").
The Patrologia Latina (Latin for The Latin Patrology) is an enormous collection of the writings of the Church Fathers and other ecclesiastical writers published by Jacques-Paul Migne between 1841 and 1855, with indices published between 1862 and 1865.
Philip I (23 May 1052 – 29 July 1108), called the Amorous, was King of the Franks from 1060 to his death.
Philip of Alsace (1143 – 1 August 1191) was count of Flanders from 1168 to 1191.
Philip II, known as Philip Augustus (Philippe Auguste; 21 August 1165 – 14 July 1223), was King of France from 1180 to 1223, a member of the House of Capet.
Philippa of Antioch (1148–1178) was the younger daughter of Constance, Princess of Antioch and her first husband Raymond of Poitiers.
Pope Alexander III (c. 1100/1105 – 30 August 1181), born Roland of Siena, was Pope from 7 September 1159 to his death in 1181.
The phrase "power behind the throne" refers to a person or group that informally exercises the real power of a high-ranking office, such as a head of state.
A queen consort is the wife of a reigning king (or an empress consort in the case of an emperor).
Raymond of Poitiers (c. 1115 – 29 June 1149) was Prince of Antioch from 1136 to 1149.
Renier of Montferrat (in Italian, Ranieri di Monferrato) (1162–1183) was the fifth son of William V of Montferrat and Judith of Babenberg.
Richard I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England from 1189 until his death.
Robert de Clari (or Cléry, the modern name of the place, on the commune of Pernois) was a knight from Picardy.
Roger of Hoveden or Howden (fl. 1174–1201) was a 12th-century English chronicler.
The Second Crusade (1147–1149) was the second major crusade launched from Europe.
A sequel is a literature, film, theatre, television, music or video game that continues the story of, or expands upon, some earlier work.
Stephen II Henry (in French, Étienne Henri, in Medieval French, Estienne Henri; – 19 May 1102), Count of Blois and Count of Chartres, was the son of Theobald III, count of Blois, and Gersent of Le Mans.
Theobald the Great (French: Thibaut de Blois) (1090–1152) was Count of Blois and of Chartres as Theobald IV from 1102 and was Count of Champagne and of Brie as Theobald II from 1125.
Theobald III of Blois (French: Thibaut) (1012–1089) was count of Blois, Meaux and Troyes.
Theodora Komnene or Comnena (Θεοδώρα Κομνηνή Theodōra Komnēnē) (born) was a niece of Byzantine emperor Manuel I Comnenus, and wife of King Baldwin III of Jerusalem.
Theodore Branas or Vranas (Θεόδωρος Βρανᾶς, Theodōros Branas), sometimes called Theodore Komnenos Branas, was a general under the Byzantine Empire and afterwards under the Latin Empire of Constantinople.
Theodosius I Borradiotes (Θεοδόσιος Α΄ Βορραδιώτης; b. Antioch – d. after 1183 in Constantinople) was the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1179 to 1183.
Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη, Thessaloníki), also familiarly known as Thessalonica, Salonica, or Salonika is the second-largest city in Greece, with over 1 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area, and the capital of Greek Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.
Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.
William I (1020 – 12 November 1087), called the Great (le Grand or Tête Hardie, "the Stubborn"), was Count of Burgundy from 1057 to 1087 and Mâcon from 1078 to 1087.
William of Tyre (Willelmus Tyrensis; 1130 – 29 September 1186) was a medieval prelate and chronicler.
William I (c. 1028Bates William the Conqueror p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087.