109 relations: Adaptive compliant wing, Adverse yaw, AEA June Bug, AEA White Wing, Aerial Experiment Association, Aerobatics, Aeroelasticity, Air & Space/Smithsonian, Aircraft flight control system, Aircraft principal axes, Alberto Santos-Dumont, Alexander Graham Bell, Alphonse Pénaud, Aviation in the pioneer era, Bibb County School District, Biplane, Blériot VIII, Boeing 737 rudder issues, Boeing X-53 Active Aeroelastic Wing, Bristol Aeroplane Company, British Army Aeroplane No 1, Canadair CP-107 Argus, Center of mass, Center of pressure (fluid mechanics), Charles Harvard Gibbs-Smith, Charles M. Manly, Charles Renard, Château de Bagatelle, Christmas Bullet, Clément Ader, Couple (mechanics), Curtiss Model D, De Havilland, De Havilland Tiger Moth, Delta wing, Drag (physics), Edson Fessenden Gallaudet, Elevator (aeronautics), Elevon, Etrich Taube, Farman III, Fighter aircraft, Fixed-wing aircraft, Flap (aeronautics), Flaperon, Fleet Model 1, Flight control surfaces, Flight dynamics, Flight International, Flight with disabled controls, ..., Fokker D.VII, Fokker Dr.I, Fokker Spin, Fokker V.1, Frederick Walker Baldwin, Fuselage, Glenn Curtiss, Harrier Jump Jet, Harry Aubrey Toulmin Sr., Henri Farman, Jean-Marie Le Bris, Jet aircraft, John Joseph Montgomery, Junkers D.I, L'Aérophile, Leslie Frise, Lift (force), Lift-induced drag, Louis Pierre Mouillard, Matthew Piers Watt Boulton, McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II, McGraw-Hill Education, Mignet Pou-du-Ciel, Moment (physics), NASA, National Air and Space Museum, Northrop P-61 Black Widow, Octave Chanute, Parasitic drag, Patent, Piper J-3 Cub, Prior art, Pusher configuration, Richard Pearse, Robert Esnault-Pelterie, Rudder, Santos-Dumont 14-bis, Science Museum, London, Short Admiralty Type 166, Spoiler (aeronautics), Spoileron, Stabilator, Stall (fluid mechanics), The Times Literary Supplement, Trailing edge, Turn and slip indicator, United States Air Force, University of Oklahoma Press, Weight-shift control, William Whitney Christmas, Wing, Wing root, Wing tip, Wing warping, World War I, Wright brothers, Wright brothers patent war, Wright Flyer, Wright Flyer II. Expand index (59 more) » « Shrink index
An adaptive compliant wing is a wing which is flexible so that aspects of its shape can be changed in flight.
Adverse yaw is the natural and undesirable tendency for an aircraft to yaw in the opposite direction of a roll.
The June Bug (or Aerodrome #3) was an early US aircraft designed and flown by Glenn H. Curtiss and built by the Aerial Experiment Association (A.E.A) in 1908.
The White Wing (or Aerodrome #2) was an early US aircraft designed by Frederick W. Baldwin and built by the Aerial Experiment Association in 1908.
The Aerial Experiment Association (AEA) was a Canadian-American aeronautical research group formed on 30 September 1907, under the leadership of Dr.
Aerobatics (a portmanteau of aerial-acrobatics) is the practice of flying maneuvers involving aircraft attitudes that are not used in normal flight.
Aeroelasticity is the branch of physics and engineering that studies the interactions between the inertial, elastic, and aerodynamic forces that occur when an elastic body is exposed to a fluid flow.
Air & Space/Smithsonian magazine is a bimonthly magazine put out by the National Air and Space Museum.
A conventional fixed-wing aircraft flight control system consists of flight control surfaces, the respective cockpit controls, connecting linkages, and the necessary operating mechanisms to control an aircraft's direction in flight.
An aircraft in flight is free to rotate in three dimensions: yaw, nose left or right about an axis running up and down; pitch, nose up or down about an axis running from wing to wing; and roll, rotation about an axis running from nose to tail.
Alberto Santos-Dumont (20 July 187323 July 1932, usually referred to as simply Santos-Dumont) was a Brazilian inventor and aviation pioneer, one of the very few people to have contributed significantly to the development of both lighter-than-air and heavier-than-air aircraft.
Alexander Graham Bell (March 3, 1847 – August 2, 1922) was a Scottish-born scientist, inventor, engineer, and innovator who is credited with inventing and patenting the first practical telephone.
Alphonse Pénaud (31 May 1850 – 22 October 1880), was a 19th-century French pioneer of aviation design and engineering.
The pioneer era of aviation refers to the period of aviation history between the first successful powered flight, generally accepted to have been made by the Wright Brothers on 17 December 1903, and the outbreak of the First World War in August 1914.
Bibb County School District is a school district in Bibb County, Alabama, United States.
A biplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with two main wings stacked one above the other.
The Blériot VIII was a French pioneer era aeroplane built by Louis Blériot, significant for its adoption of both a configuration and a control system that were to set a standard for decades to come.
During the 1990s, a series of rudder issues on Boeing 737 aircraft resulted in multiple incidents.
The X-53 Active Aeroelastic Wing (AAW) development program is a completed American research project that was undertaken jointly by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), Boeing Phantom Works and NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center, where the technology was flight tested on a modified McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet.
The Bristol Aeroplane Company, originally the British and Colonial Aeroplane Company, was both one of the first and one of the most important British aviation companies, designing and manufacturing both airframes and aircraft engines.
The British Army Aeroplane No 1 or sometimes Cody 1 was a biplane built by Samuel Franklin Cody in 1907 at the Army Balloon Factory at Farnborough.
The Canadair CP-107 Argus (CL-28) was a marine reconnaissance aircraft designed and manufactured by Canadair for the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF).
In physics, the center of mass of a distribution of mass in space is the unique point where the weighted relative position of the distributed mass sums to zero, or the point where if a force is applied it moves in the direction of the force without rotating.
The center of pressure is the point where the total sum of a pressure field acts on a body, causing a force to act through that point.
Charles Harvard Gibbs-Smith (22 March 1909 – 3 December 1981) at Information Britain web site was a British polymath historian of aeronautics and aviation.
Charles Matthews Manly (1876–1927) was an American engineer.
Charles Renard (1847–1905) born in Damblain, Vosges, was a French military engineer.
The Château de Bagatelle is a small neoclassical château with several small formal French gardens, a rose garden, and an orangerie.
The Christmas Bullet, later known as the Cantilever Aero Bullet (sometimes referred to as the Christmas Strutless Biplane), was an American single-seat cantilever wing biplane.
Clément Ader (2 April 1841 – 3 May 1925) was a French inventor and engineer who was born in Muret, Haute-Garonne (a distant suburb of Toulouse), and died in Toulouse.
In mechanics, a couple refers to two parallel forces that are equal in magnitude, opposite in sense and do not share a line of action.
The 1911 Curtiss Model D (or frequently, "Curtiss Pusher") was an early United States pusher aircraft with the engine and propeller behind the pilot's seat.
De Havilland Aircraft Company Limited was a British aviation manufacturer established in late 1920 by Geoffrey de Havilland at Stag Lane Aerodrome Edgware on the outskirts of north London.
The de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth is a 1930s biplane designed by Geoffrey de Havilland and built by the de Havilland Aircraft Company.
The delta wing is a wing shaped in the form of a triangle.
In fluid dynamics, drag (sometimes called air resistance, a type of friction, or fluid resistance, another type of friction or fluid friction) is a force acting opposite to the relative motion of any object moving with respect to a surrounding fluid.
Edson Fessenden Gallaudet (April 21, 1871 in Washington, DC – July 1, 1945 in Pine Orchard, Connecticut) was a pioneer in the field of aviation, being the first person to experiment with warped wings in 1896.
Elevators are flight control surfaces, usually at the rear of an aircraft, which control the aircraft's pitch, and therefore the angle of attack and the lift of the wing.
Elevons are aircraft control surfaces that combine the functions of the elevator (used for pitch control) and the aileron (used for roll control), hence the name.
The Etrich Taube, also known by the names of the various later manufacturers who build versions of the type, such as the Rumpler Taube, was a pre-World War I monoplane aircraft.
The Farman III, also known as the Henry Farman 1909 biplane, was an early French aircraft designed and built by Henry Farman''Flight'', 24 April 1909, p. 235.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
A fixed-wing aircraft is an aircraft, such as an airplane or aeroplane (note the two different spellings), which is capable of flight using wings that generate lift caused by the vehicle's forward airspeed and the shape of the wings.
Flaps are a type of high-lift device used to increase the lift of an aircraft wing at a given airspeed.
A flaperon (a portmanteau of flap and aileron) on an aircraft's wing is a type of control surface that combines the functions of both flaps and ailerons.
The Fleet Model 1 (originally the Consolidated Model 14 Husky Junior) and its derivatives were a family of two-seat trainer and sports biplanes produced in the United States and Canada in the 1920s and 1930s.
Aircraft flight control surfaces are aerodynamic devices allowing a pilot to adjust and control the aircraft's flight attitude.
Flight dynamics is the study of the performance, stability, and control of vehicles flying through the air or in outer space.
Flight International (or simply Flight) is a weekly magazine focused on aerospace, published in the United Kingdom.
Several aviation incidents and accidents have occurred in which the control surfaces of the aircraft became disabled, often due to failure of hydraulic systems or the flight control system.
The Fokker D.VII was a German World War I fighter aircraft designed by Reinhold Platz of the Fokker-Flugzeugwerke.
The Fokker Dr.I (Dreidecker, "triplane" in German), often known simply as the Fokker Triplane, was a World War I fighter aircraft built by Fokker-Flugzeugwerke.
The Fokker Spin was the first airplane built by Dutch aviation pioneer Anthony Fokker.
The Fokker V.1 was a small German sesquiplane experimental fighter prototype built in 1916 by the Fokker-Flugzeugwerke.
Frederick Walker Baldwin (January 2, 1882 – August 7, 1948), also known as Casey Baldwin, paternal grandson of Canadian reform leader Robert Baldwin, was a hydrofoil and aviation pioneer and partner of the famous inventor Alexander Graham Bell.
The fuselage (from the French fuselé "spindle-shaped") is an aircraft's main body section.
Glenn Hammond Curtiss (May 21, 1878 – July 23, 1930) was an American aviation and motorcycling pioneer, and a founder of the U.S. aircraft industry.
The Harrier, informally referred to as the Harrier Jump Jet, is a family of jet-powered attack aircraft capable of vertical/short takeoff and landing operations (V/STOL).
Harry Aubrey Toulmin Sr. (1858 – May 17, 1942) was the American lawyer located in Springfield, Ohio, who wrote the "flying machine" patent application that resulted in the patent granted to Dayton inventors Wilbur and Orville Wright on May 22, 1906.
Henri Farman (26 May 1874 – 17 July 1958) was an Anglo-French aviator and aircraft designer and manufacturer with his brother Maurice Farman.
Jean Marie Le Bris (25 March 1817 – 17 February 1872) was a French aviator, born in Concarneau, Brittany, who accomplished a glider flight in December 1856.
A jet aircraft (or simply jet) is an aircraft (nearly always a fixed-wing aircraft) propelled by jet engines (jet propulsion).
John Joseph Montgomery (February 15, 1858 – October 31, 1911) was an American inventor, physicist, engineer, and professor at Santa Clara University in Santa Clara, California who is best known for his invention of controlled heavier-than-air flying machines.
The Junkers D.I (factory designation J 9) was a monoplane fighter aircraft produced in Germany late in World War I, significant for becoming the first all-metal fighter to enter service.
L’Aérophile was a French aviation magazine published from 1893 to 1947.
Leslie George Frise FRAeS (2 July 1895 – 26 September 1979) was a British aerospace engineer and aircraft designer; he designed the Type 156 Bristol Beaufighter.
A fluid flowing past the surface of a body exerts a force on it.
In aerodynamics, lift-induced drag, induced drag, vortex drag, or sometimes drag due to lift, is an aerodynamic drag force that occurs whenever a moving object redirects the airflow coming at it.
Louis Pierre Mouillard (September 30, 1834 – September 20, 1897) was a French artist and innovator who worked on human mechanical flight in the second half of the 19th century.
Matthew Piers Watt Boulton (22 September 1820 – 30 June 1894), also published under the pseudonym M. P. W.
The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a tandem two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor and fighter-bomber originally developed for the United States Navy by McDonnell Aircraft.
McGraw-Hill Education (MHE) is a learning science company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, software, and services for pre-K through postgraduate education.
The Flying Flea (Pou du Ciel literally "Louse of the Sky" in French) is a large family of light homebuilt aircraft first flown in 1933.
In physics, a moment is an expression involving the product of a distance and a physical quantity, and in this way it accounts for how the physical quantity is located or arranged.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The National Air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, also called the NASM, is a museum in Washington, D.C..
The Northrop P-61 Black Widow, named for the American spider, was the first operational U.S. warplane designed as a night fighter, and the first aircraft designed to use radar.
Octave Chanute (February 18, 1832, Paris – November 23, 1910, Chicago, Illinois) was a French-American civil engineer and aviation pioneer, born in France.
Parasitic drag is drag that results when an object is moved through a fluid medium.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
The Piper J-3 Cub is an American light aircraft that was built between 1937 and 1947 by Piper Aircraft.
Prior art (state of the art or background art), in most systems of patent law, is constituted by all information that has been made available to the public in any form before a given date that might be relevant to a patent's claims of originality.
In a vehicle with a pusher configuration (as opposed to a tractor configuration), the propeller(s) are mounted behind their respective engine(s).
Richard William Pearse (3 December 187729 July 1953) was a New Zealand farmer and inventor who performed pioneering experiments in aviation.
Robert Albert Charles Esnault-Pelterie (November 8, 1881 – December 6, 1957) was a pioneering French aircraft designer and spaceflight theorist.
A rudder is a primary control surface used to steer a ship, boat, submarine, hovercraft, aircraft, or other conveyance that moves through a fluid medium (generally air or water).
The 14-bis (Quatorze-bis), also known as Oiseau de proie ("bird of prey" in French), was a pioneer era canard biplane designed and built by Brazilian aviation pioneer Alberto Santos-Dumont.
The Science Museum is a major museum on Exhibition Road in South Kensington, London.
The Short Type 166 was a 1910s British two-seat reconnaissance, bombing and torpedo-carrying folder seaplane, designed by Short Brothers.
In aeronautics, a spoiler (sometimes called a lift spoiler or lift dumper) is a device intended to intentionally reduce the lift component of an airfoil in a controlled way.
In aeronautics spoilerons, also known as spoiler ailerons, are flight control surfaces, specifically spoilers that can be used asymmetrically to provide adequate roll control if aileron action would produce excessive wing twist on a very flexible wing or if wide-span flaps prevent adequate aileron roll control.
A stabilator, more frequently all-moving tail or all-flying tail, is a fully movable aircraft stabilizer.
In fluid dynamics, a stall is a reduction in the lift coefficient generated by a foil as angle of attack increases.
The Times Literary Supplement (or TLS, on the front page from 1969) is a weekly literary review published in London by News UK, a subsidiary of News Corp.
The trailing edge of an aerodynamic surface such as a wing is its rear edge, where the airflow separated by the leading edge rejoins.
In aviation, the turn and slip indicator (T/S, a.k.a. turn and bank indicator) and the turn coordinator (TC) variant are essentially two aircraft flight instruments in one device.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The University of Oklahoma Press (OU Press) is the publishing arm of the University of Oklahoma.
Weight-shift control as a means of aircraft flight control is widely used in hang gliders, powered hang gliders, and ultralight trikes.
William Whitney Christmas, M.D. (September 1, 1865 – April 14, 1960) was a physician, pioneer aviator, and supposed con man.
A wing is a type of fin that produces lift, while moving through air or some other fluid.
The wing root is the part of the wing on a fixed-wing aircraft that is closest to the fuselage.
A wing tip (or wingtip) is the part of the wing that is most distant from the fuselage of a fixed-wing aircraft.
Wing warping was an early system for lateral (roll) control of a fixed-wing aircraft.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912), were two American aviators, engineers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are generally credited with inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful airplane.
The Wright brothers patent war centers on the patent they received for their method of an airplane's flight control.
The Wright Flyer (often retrospectively referred to as Flyer I or 1903 Flyer) was the first successful heavier-than-air powered aircraft.
The Wright Flyer II was the second powered aircraft built by Wilbur and Orville Wright.