131 relations: A-Darter, AA.20, AAM-1 (Japanese missile), AAM-2, AAM-3, AAM-4, AAM-5 (Japanese missile), Active radar homing, AIM-120 AMRAAM, AIM-26 Falcon, AIM-4 Falcon, AIM-47 Falcon, AIM-54 Phoenix, AIM-7 Sparrow, AIM-9 Sidewinder, AIM-92 Stinger, AIM-97 Seekbat, Air-to-air rocket, Airborne early warning and control, Aircraft, Albert Ball, All-aspect, Aspide, ASRAAM, Astra (missile), Autocannon, Beam riding, Beyond-visual-range missile, Boresight (firearm), Brazo, Chaff (countermeasure), Continuous-rod warhead, Cruise missile, De Havilland Firestreak, Digital signal processing, Dogfight, Dual-thrust, Electronic countermeasure, Explosive material, Falklands War, Fire-and-forget, Fireflash, Flare (countermeasure), Fragmentation (weaponry), Gimbaled thrust, Global Positioning System, Harrier Jump Jet, Helmet-mounted display, Henschel Hs 298, Inertial navigation system, ..., Infra-red search and track, Infrared, Infrared countermeasure, Infrared homing, IRIS-T, K-13 (missile), K-5 (missile), K-8 (missile), Laser guidance, Laser rangefinder, Le Prieur rocket, Liquid-propellant rocket, List of German guided weapons of World War II, List of missiles, LY-60 / FD-60 / PL10, MAA-1 Piranha, Manual command to line of sight, McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II, Meteor (missile), MICA (missile), MIM-23 Hawk, Missile, Missile guidance, Motion capture, NATO reporting name, Nazi Germany, Novator KS-172, Observation balloon, PARS 3 LR, PL-12, PL-2, PL-4 (missile), PL-5, PL-7, PL-8 (missile), PL-9, Proximity fuze, Python (missile), R-23 (missile), R-27 (air-to-air missile), R-33 (missile), R-37 (missile), R-4 (missile), R-40 (missile), R-60 (missile), R-73 (missile), R-77, R-Darter, R.530, R.550 Magic, R4M, Radar, Radar lock-on, Raduga K-9 (missile), Ramjet, Red Top (missile), Rheinmetall, Rocket engine, Royal Air Force, Ruhrstahl X-4, Sky Sword, Skyflash, Solid-propellant rocket, Soviet Air Forces, Soviet Union, SRAAM, Staring array, Sukhoi Su-27, Super 530, Tail-chase engagement, Thermography, Thrust vectoring, TY-90, United States Air Force, United States Navy, Unmanned aerial vehicle, Vietnam War, Warhead, World War I, World War II, 1962 United States Tri-Service missile and drone designation system. Expand index (81 more) » « Shrink index
The V3E A-Darter (Agile Darter) is a modern short-range infrared homing ("heat seeking") air-to-air missile, featuring countermeasures resistance with a 180-degree look angle and 120-degrees per second track rate, developed by South Africa's Denel Dynamics (formerly Kentron) and Brazil's Mectron, Avibras and Opto Eletrônica.
The AA.20 was a French air-to-air missile, developed by Nord Aviation, and was one of the first of such missiles adopted into service in Western Europe.
The Mitsubishi AAM-1 was a Japanese infrared homing air-to-air missile developed from the AIM-9E Sidewinder missile.
The Mitsubishi AAM-2 was a Japanese air-to-air missile.
The Mitsubishi AAM-3 (Type 90 air-to-air missile, 90式空対空誘導弾) is a short-range air-to-air missile developed in Japan.
The Mitsubishi AAM-4 (Type 99 air-to-air missile) is a medium-range active radar homing air-to-air missile, considered as modern beyond-visual-range missile developed in Japan and intended to replace the semi-active radar homing AIM-7 Sparrow missile in service.
The Mitsubishi AAM-5 (Type 04 air-to-air missile, 04式空対空誘導弾) is a short-range air-to-air missile developed and produced by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries for the Japan Air Self-Defense Force.
Active radar homing (ARH) is a missile guidance method in which a missile contains a radar transceiver (in contrast to semi-active radar homing, which uses only a receiver) and the electronics necessary for it to find and track its target autonomously.
The AIM-120 Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile, or AMRAAM (pronounced "am-ram"), is a modern beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile (BVRAAM) capable of all-weather day-and-night operations.
The AIM-26 Falcon was a larger, more powerful version of the AIM-4 Falcon air-to-air missile built by Hughes.
The Hughes AIM-4 Falcon was the first operational guided air-to-air missile of the United States Air Force.
The Hughes AIM-47 Falcon, originally GAR-9, was a very long-range high-performance air-to-air missile that shared the basic design of the earlier AIM-4 Falcon.
The AIM-54 Phoenix is a radar-guided, long-range air-to-air missile (AAM), carried in clusters of up to six missiles on the Grumman F-14 Tomcat, its only operational launch platform.
The AIM-7 Sparrow is an American, medium-range semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile operated by the United States Air Force, United States Navy and United States Marine Corps, as well as other various air forces and navies.
The AIM-9 Sidewinder is a short-range air-to-air missile developed by the United States Navy at China Lake, California, in the 1950s, and subsequently adopted by the United States Air Force.
The AIM-92 Stinger or ATAS (Air To Air Stinger) is an air-to-air missile developed from the shoulder-launched FIM-92 Stinger system, for use on helicopters such as the AH-64 Apache, Eurocopter Tiger and also UAVs such as the MQ-1 Predator.
The AIM-97 Seekbat or XAIM-97A Seek Bat was a long-range air-to-air missile developed by the United States.
For air-to-air missiles, see Air to air missile. An air-to-air rocket or air interception rocket is an unguided projectile fired from aircraft to engage other flying targets.
An airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) system is an airborne radar picket system designed to detect aircraft, ships and vehicles at long ranges and perform command and control of the battlespace in an air engagement by directing fighter and attack aircraft strikes.
An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.
Albert Ball, (14 August 1896 – 7 May 1917) was an English fighter pilot during the First World War.
An all-aspect missile is one which is able to track a target no matter which way the target faces relative to the missile.
Aspide (the Italian name for the adder) is an Italian medium range air-to-air and surface-to-air missile produced by Selenia (now part of the Alenia consortium).
The Advanced Short Range Air-to-Air Missile, also known by its United States identifier AIM-132, is an imaging infrared homing ("heat seeking") air-to-air missile, produced by MBDA.
Astra (Astra: weapon) is an all weather beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation, India.
An autocannon or automatic cannon is a large, fully automatic, rapid-fire projectile weapon that fires armour-piercing or explosive shells, as opposed to the bullet fired by a machine gun.
Beam-riding, also known as Line-Of-Sight Beam Riding (LOSBR) or beam guidance, is a technique of directing a missile to its target by means of radar or a laser beam.
A beyond-visual-range missile (BVR) is an air-to-air missile (BVRAAM) that is capable of engaging at ranges of or beyond.
Boresight is a method of adjustment to an optical firearm sight or iron sights, to align the firearm barrel and sights.
The Brazo missile was an American project, intended to produce an anti-radiation missile for air-to-air use.
Chaff, originally called Window by the British and Düppel by the Second World War era German Luftwaffe (from the Berlin suburb where it was first developed), is a radar countermeasure in which aircraft or other targets spread a cloud of small, thin pieces of aluminium, metallized glass fibre or plastic, which either appears as a cluster of primary targets on radar screens or swamps the screen with multiple returns.
A continuous-rod warhead is a specialized munition that exhibits an annular blast fragmentation pattern, so that when it explodes it spreads into a large circle that cuts the target.
A cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets that remains in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed.
The de Havilland Firestreak is a British first-generation, passive infrared homing (heat seeking) air-to-air missile.
Digital signal processing (DSP) is the use of digital processing, such as by computers or more specialized digital signal processors, to perform a wide variety of signal processing operations.
A dogfight, or dog fight, is an aerial battle between fighter aircraft, conducted at close range.
In a dual-thrust solid propellant rocket engine, the propellant mass is composed of two different types (densities) of fuel.
An electronic countermeasure (ECM) is an electrical or electronic device designed to trick or deceive radar, sonar or other detection systems, like infrared (IR) or lasers.
An explosive material, also called an explosive, is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion if released suddenly, usually accompanied by the production of light, heat, sound, and pressure.
The Falklands War (Guerra de las Malvinas), also known as the Falklands Conflict, Falklands Crisis, Malvinas War, South Atlantic Conflict, and the Guerra del Atlántico Sur (Spanish for "South Atlantic War"), was a ten-week war between Argentina and the United Kingdom over two British dependent territories in the South Atlantic: the Falkland Islands, and its territorial dependency, the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
Fire-and-forget is a type of missile guidance which does not require further guidance after launch such as illumination of the target or wire guidance, and can hit its target without the launcher being in line-of-sight of the target.
Fireflash was the United Kingdom's first air-to-air guided missile to see service with the Royal Air Force.
A flare or decoy flare is an aerial infrared countermeasure used by a plane or helicopter to counter an infrared homing ("heat-seeking") surface-to-air missile or air-to-air missile.
Fragmentation is the process by which the casing of an artillery or mortar shell, rocket, missile, bomb, grenade, etc.
Gimbaled thrust is the system of thrust vectoring used in most rockets, including the Space Shuttle, the Saturn V lunar rockets, and the Falcon 9.
The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.
The Harrier, informally referred to as the Harrier Jump Jet, is a family of jet-powered attack aircraft capable of vertical/short takeoff and landing operations (V/STOL).
A helmet-mounted display (HMD) is a device used in aircraft to project information to the pilot's eyes.
The Henschel Hs 298 was a 1940s German rocket-powered air-to-air missile designed by Professor Herbert Wagner of Henschel.
An inertial navigation system (INS) is a navigation aid that uses a computer, motion sensors (accelerometers), rotation sensors (gyroscopes), and occasionally magnetic sensors (magnetometers) to continuously calculate by dead reckoning the position, the orientation, and the velocity (direction and speed of movement) of a moving object without the need for external references.
An infrared search and track (IRST) system (sometimes known as infrared sighting and tracking) is a method for detecting and tracking objects which give off infrared radiation (see Infrared signature) such as jet aircraft and helicopters.
Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.
An infrared countermeasure (IRCM) is a device designed to protect aircraft from infrared homing ("heat seeking") missiles by confusing the missiles' infrared guidance system so that they miss their target (electronic countermeasure).
Infrared homing is a passive weapon guidance system which uses the infrared (IR) light emission from a target to track and follow it.
The IRIS-T (Infra Red Imaging System Tail/Thrust Vector-Controlled) is a German-led program to develop a short-range infrared homing air-to-air missile to replace the AIM-9 Sidewinder found in some NATO member countries.
The Vympel K-13 (NATO reporting name: AA-2 "Atoll") is a short-range, infrared homing air-to-air missile developed by the Soviet Union.
The Kaliningrad K-5 (NATO reporting name AA-1 Alkali), also known as RS-1U or product ShM, was an early Soviet air-to-air missile.
The Kaliningrad K-8 (R-8) (NATO reporting name AA-3 'Anab') was a medium-range air-to-air missile developed by the Soviet Union for interceptor aircraft use.
Laser guidance directs a robotic system to a target position by means of a laser beam.
A laser rangefinder is a rangefinder that uses a laser beam to determine the distance to an object.
Le Prieur rockets (French Fusées Le Prieur) were a type of incendiary air-to-air rockets used in World War I against observation balloons and airships.
A liquid-propellant rocket or liquid rocket is a rocket engine that uses liquid propellants.
During World War II, Nazi Germany developed many missile and precision-guided munition systems.
Below is a list of missiles, sorted alphabetically by name.
The LY-60/FD-60/PL-10/HQ-6/6D/64 is a family of Chinese missiles developed by the Shanghai Academy of Science and Technology, largely based on the Italian Selenia Aspide missile - itself based on the American AIM-7 Sparrow missile.
The MAA-1 Piranha is a short-range infrared homing missile and the first air-to-air missile developed by Brazil for its Air Force and Navy.
Manual command to line of sight (MCLOS) is a method for guiding guided missiles.
The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a tandem two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor and fighter-bomber originally developed for the United States Navy by McDonnell Aircraft.
Meteor is an active radar guided beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile (BVRAAM) being developed by MBDA.
The MBDA MICA (Missile d’interception, de combat et d’autodéfense, “interception, combat and self-defence missile”) is an anti-air multi-target, all weather, fire-and-forget short and medium-range missile system.
The Raytheon MIM-23 Hawk is an American medium-range surface-to-air missile.
In modern language, a missile is a guided self-propelled system, as opposed to an unguided self-propelled munition, referred to as a rocket (although these too can also be guided).
Missile guidance refers to a variety of methods of guiding a missile or a guided bomb to its intended target.
Motion capture (Mo-cap for short) is the process of recording the movement of objects or people.
NATO reporting names are code names for military equipment of Russia, China, and, historically, the former Eastern Bloc (Soviet Union and other nations of the Warsaw Pact).
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
The Novator KS-172 is a Russian air-to-air missile designed as an "AWACS killer" at ranges up to 400 km.
An observation balloon is a type of balloon that is employed as an aerial platform for intelligence gathering and artillery spotting.
The PARS 3 LR in German service, also known as TRIGAT-LR (Third Generation AntiTank, Long Range) and AC 3G in French, is a fire-and-forget missile, which can be used against air or ground targets.
The PL-12 is an active radar-guided beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile developed by the People's Republic of China.
PL-2 and its derivatives are members of a series of Chinese air-to-air missiles (AAM) originated from the former-Soviet Vympel K-13 AAM.
PL-4 is the first Chinese Semi-active radar homing (SARH) air-to-air missile (AAM), and it has an anti-radar derivative, which is also the first Chinese anti-radiation missile.
The PL-5 (霹雳-5) air-to-air missile (PL stands for Pi Li, "Thunderbolt" in Chinese, the generic designation for all PRC air-to-air missiles) is a short-range, Infrared homing missile use by Chinese fighters.
The PL-7 is the PRC version of the French Magic R.550 air-to-air missile.
The PL-8 is a Chinese air-to-air missile (AAM) originated from the Israeli Python-3 AAM.
The PL-9 is a short-range, infrared-homing air-to-air missile (AAM) developed by the People's Republic of China.
A proximity fuze is a fuze that detonates an explosive device automatically when the distance to the target becomes smaller than a predetermined value.
The Rafael Python is a family of air-to-air missiles (AAMs) built by the Israeli weapons manufacturer Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, formerly RAFAEL Armament Development Authority.
The Vympel R-23 (NATO reporting name AA-7 Apex) is a medium-range air-to-air missile developed by Vympel in the Soviet Union for fighter aircraft.
The Vympel R-27 missile (NATO reporting name AA-10 Alamo) is a medium-to-long-range air-to-air missile developed by the Soviet Union.
The R-33 (Вымпел Р-33, NATO reporting name: AA-9 Amos) is a long-range air-to-air missile developed by the Vympel.
The Vympel R-37 (NATO reporting name: AA-X-13/AA-13 Arrow) is a Russian air-to-air missile with very long range.
The Bisnovat (later Molniya) R-4 (NATO reporting name AA-5 'Ash') was an early Soviet long-range air-to-air missile.
The Bisnovat (later Molniya then Vympel) R-40 (NATO reporting name AA-6 'Acrid') is a long-range air-to-air missile developed in the 1960s by the Soviet Union specifically for the MiG-25 interceptor, but can also be carried by the later MiG-31.
The Molniya (now Vympel) R-60 (NATO reporting name: AA-8 "Aphid") is a short-range lightweight infrared homing air-to-air missile designed for use by Soviet fighter aircraft.
The Vympel R-73 (NATO reporting name AA-11 Archer) is a short-range air-to-air missile developed by Vympel NPO that entered service in 1984.
The Vympel NPO R-77 missile (NATO reporting name: AA-12 Adder) is a Russian medium range, active radar homing air-to-air missile system.
The R-Darter is a beyond visual range (BVR) air-to-air missile guided by an active radar homing seeker.
The Matra R.530 is a French medium to short range air-to-air missile.
The R.550 Magic (Acronym for Missile Auto-Guidé Interception et Combat) is a short-range air-to-air missile designed in 1968 by French company Matra to compete with the American AIM-9 Sidewinder.
The R4M (Rakete, 4Kilogramm, Minenkopf) rocket, nicknamed the Hurricane (Orkan) due to its distinctive smoke trail when fired, was an anti-aircraft rocket.
Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
Lock-on is a feature of many radar systems that allow it to automatically follow a selected target.
The Raduga K-9 (NATO reporting name AA-4 'Awl') was a short-range air-to-air missile developed by the Soviet Union in the late 1950s.
A ramjet, sometimes referred to as a flying stovepipe or an athodyd (an abbreviation of aero thermodynamic duct), is a form of airbreathing jet engine that uses the engine's forward motion to compress incoming air without an axial compressor or a centrifugal compressor.
The Hawker Siddeley (later British Aerospace) Red Top was the third indigenous British air-to-air missile to enter service, following the de Havilland Firestreak and limited-service Fairey Fireflash.
Rheinmetall AG has a presence in two corporate sectors (automotive and defence) with six divisions, and is headquartered in Düsseldorf, Germany.
A rocket engine uses stored rocket propellant mass for forming its high-speed propulsive jet.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Ruhrstahl Ru 344 X-4 or Ruhrstahl-Kramer RK 344 was a wire guided air-to-air missile designed by Germany during World War II.
Sky sword are a series of air-to-air missile systems developed by the Chungshan Institute of Science and Technology in Taiwan for the Republic of China Air Force (ROCAF).
The British Aerospace Skyflash, or Sky Flash in marketing material, was a medium-range semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile derived from the US AIM-7 Sparrow missile and carried by Royal Air Force F-4 Phantoms and Tornado F3s, Italian Aeronautica Militare and Royal Saudi Air Force Tornados and Swedish Flygvapnet Viggens.
A solid-propellant rocket or solid rocket is a rocket with a rocket engine that uses solid propellants (fuel/oxidizer).
The Soviet Air Forces (r (VVS), literally "Military Air Forces") was the official designation of one of the air forces of the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Short Range Air-to-Air Missile, or SRAAM, was an experimental British infrared homing ("heat seeking") air-to-air missile, developed between 1968 and 1980 by Hawker Siddeley Dynamics.
A staring array, staring-plane array, focal-plane array (FPA), or focal-plane is an image sensing device consisting of an array (typically rectangular) of light-sensing pixels at the focal plane of a lens.
The Sukhoi Su-27 (Сухой Су-27; NATO reporting name: Flanker) is a twin-engine supermaneuverable fighter aircraft designed by Sukhoi.
The Matra Super 530 is a French short to medium-range air-to-air missile.
A tail-chase engagement (or rear-aspect engagement) is one where a surface-to-air missile system or jet aircraft engages another aircraft while the target aircraft is flying away from the attacker.
Infrared thermography (IRT), thermal imaging, and thermal video are examples of infrared imaging science.
Thrust vectoring, also thrust vector control or TVC, is the ability of an aircraft, rocket, or other vehicle to manipulate the direction of the thrust from its engine(s) or motor(s) in order to control the attitude or angular velocity of the vehicle.
TY-90 is the first air-to-air missile specifically developed for military helicopters in dogfights.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as a drone, is an aircraft without a human pilot aboard.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
A warhead is the explosive or toxic material that is delivered by a missile, rocket, or torpedo.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
From 1962 the U.S. Department of Defense established a unified missile and rocket designation sequence, which is used in all weapons of the kind produced in the US.