273 relations: Adana, Aden, Air Materiel Command, Air Mobility Command, Airlift, Airlines for America, Alaska, Aleutian Islands, Alexai Point Army Airfield, Algiers, Allied-occupied Germany, ALSIB, American Airlines, American Theater (World War II), American Volunteer Group, Ascension Island, Asunción, Atlanta, Atlantic Ocean, Attack on Pearl Harbor, Australia, Azores, Baghdad, Baku, Balkans, Baltimore Municipal Airport, Barksdale Air Force Base, Bellanca Aircruiser, Bermuda, Biak, Boeing, Boeing 307 Stratoliner, Boeing 314 Clipper, Boeing Field, Boeing Model 40, Bolling Air Force Base, Brazil, Brisbane, British Columbia, Brownsville, Texas, Brownsville/South Padre Island International Airport, Buffalo, New York, C. R. Smith, Cairo, California, Canada, Caribbean, Casablanca, Casablanca–Anfa Airport, Central America, ..., CFB Gander, CFB Goose Bay, Chabua Air Force Station, Charleston Air Force Base, Cheddi Jagan International Airport, China, Cincinnati Municipal Lunken Airport, Civil Aeronautics Board, Clark Air Base, Columbus, Ohio, Consolidated Aircraft, Consolidated B-24 Liberator, Consolidated C-87 Liberator Express, Consolidated PBY Catalina, Crimson Route, Curtiss C-46 Commando, Dakar, Dallas, Detroit Metropolitan Airport, Dominion of Newfoundland, Douglas Aircraft Company, Douglas C-47 Skytrain, Douglas C-54 Skymaster, Douglas DC-2, Douglas DC-3, Dutch East Indies, Edgar S. Gorrell, Eleventh Air Force, Elmendorf Air Force Base, England, Ernest Harmon Air Force Base, European theatre of World War II, Far East Air Force (United States), Fifth Air Force, Fiji, Florida, Fort Bragg, Fourteenth Air Force, France, French protectorate in Morocco, Galápagos Islands, German-occupied Europe, Glasgow Prestwick Airport, Grand Prairie Armed Forces Reserve Complex, Gray Army Airfield, Great Falls International Airport, Great Falls, Montana, Greece, Greenland, Greenwood–Leflore Airport, Guam, Hamilton Army Airfield, Harold L. George, Harrisburg Air National Guard Base, Havana, Henry H. Arnold, Hickam Air Force Base, Himalayas, Honiara, Houlton International Airport, Houlton, Maine, Howard Air Force Base, I Troop Carrier Command, Iceland, Illinois, Imperial Airways, India, India-China Division, Air Transport Command, Iran, Italy, Jackson, Mississippi, Japan, Jayapura, Jiwani Airport, Karachi, Kelly Field Annex, Khartoum, Khartoum International Airport, Kindley Air Force Base, Kinshasa, Kunming, Labrador, Ladd Army Airfield, Léopold Sédar Senghor International Airport, Lend-Lease, Lockheed Corporation, Lod, Long Beach Airport, Louisiana, Maine, Malmstrom Air Force Base, Manila, Mariana Islands, Marshall Islands, McClellan Air Force Base, Mexico, Miami, Middle East, Midland, Texas, Midway Atoll, Military Air Transport Service, Military Airlift Command, Millinocket, Maine, Minneapolis, Minneapolis–Saint Paul Joint Air Reserve Station, Mitchel Air Force Base, Montevideo, Montreal, Nadi, Naples, Nashville International Airport, Nassau, Bahamas, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Nazi Germany, New Caledonia, New Castle Air National Guard Base, New Guinea, New Orleans, New York (state), New York City, New Zealand, Newfoundland and Labrador, Ninth Air Force, North Africa, North American Aviation, North Atlantic air ferry route in World War II, North Carolina, Northeast Airlines, Northern Canada, Northwest Staging Route, Norway, Nouméa, Ohio, Okinawa Prefecture, Oklahoma, Omaha, Nebraska, Oslo, Palm Springs International Airport, Panama, Panama Canal Zone, Paul L. Williams (general), Payne Field, PC-461-class submarine chaser, Persian Gulf, Philippines, Ploiești, Portugal, Presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Presque Isle, Maine, Pretoria, Puerto Rico, Quebec, RAAF Base Williamtown, RAF Ferry Command, Robert Olds, Roberts Field, Roberts International Airport, Romulus, Michigan, Rosecrans Memorial Airport, Royal Air Force, Russia, Salinas, Ecuador, Salt Lake City, Scandinavia, Scott Air Force Base, Seattle, Seventh Air Force, Sharjah International Airport, Siberia, Singapore, South America, South Florida, South Pacific air ferry route in World War II, Soviet Union, Stockholm, Sudan, Sweden, Talara, Tehran, Tenth Air Force, Texas, The Hump, The Pentagon, Thirteenth Air Force, Tobruk, Tokyo, Trans World Airlines, Trinidad, Tucson, Arizona, Tulsa, Oklahoma, Twelfth Air Force, Twentieth Air Force, United Kingdom, United States, United States Air Force, United States Air Forces Southern Command, United States Army Air Corps, United States Army Air Forces, United States Army Air Service, United States Army Services of Supply, United States Department of Defense, United States government role in civil aviation, United States Secretary of the Air Force, United States Secretary of War, Uranium, Utah, Vultee Aircraft, Wake Island, Waller Air Force Base, Washington, D.C., West Africa, West Coast Wing, Air Transport Command, White House, Willow Run, Women Airforce Service Pilots, Wonderboom Airport, World War II, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ypsilanti, Michigan, 15th Expeditionary Mobility Task Force, 21st Expeditionary Mobility Task Force, 370th Air Expeditionary Wing, 50th Troop Carrier Wing. 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Adana (Ադանա) is a major city in southern Turkey.
Aden (عدن Yemeni) is a port city in Yemen, located by the eastern approach to the Red Sea (the Gulf of Aden), some east of Bab-el-Mandeb.
Air Materiel Command (AMC) was a United States Army Air Forces and United States Air Force command.
Air Mobility Command (AMC) is a Major Command (MAJCOM) of the U.S. Air Force.
An airlift is the organized delivery of supplies or personnel primarily via military transport aircraft.
Airlines for America (A4A), formerly known as Air Transport Association of America (ATA), is an American trade association and lobbying group based in Washington, D.C. that represents the largest airlines.
Alaska (Alax̂sxax̂) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America.
The Aleutian Islands (Tanam Unangaa, literally "Land of the Aleuts", possibly from Chukchi aliat, "island") are a chain of 14 large volcanic islands and 55 smaller ones belonging to both the U.S. state of Alaska and the Russian federal subject of Kamchatka Krai.
Alexai Point Army Airfield is an abandoned World War II airfield with two runways laid across Alexai Point on Attu Island, Alaska.
Algiers (الجزائر al-Jazā’er, ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻ, Alger) is the capital and largest city of Algeria.
Upon the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, the victorious Allies asserted their joint authority and sovereignty over 'Germany as a whole', defined as all territories of the former German Reich which lay west of the Oder–Neisse line, having declared the extinction of Nazi Germany at the death of Adolf Hitler (see 1945 Berlin Declaration).
ALSIB (or the Northern Trace) was the Soviet Union portion of the Alaska-Siberian air road receiving Lend-Lease aircraft from the Northwest Staging Route.
American Airlines, Inc. (AA) is a major United States airline headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, within the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex.
The American Theater describes a series of mostly minor areas of operations during World War II.
The American Volunteer Groups were volunteer air units organized by the United States government to aid the Nationalist government of China against Japan in the Second Sino-Japanese War.
Ascension Island is an isolated volcanic island, 7°56' south of the Equator in the South Atlantic Ocean.
Asunción is the capital and largest city of Paraguay.
Atlanta is the capital city and most populous municipality of the state of Georgia in the United States.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The Azores (or; Açores), officially the Autonomous Region of the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal.
Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq.
Baku (Bakı) is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region, with a population of 2,374,000.
The Balkans, or the Balkan Peninsula, is a geographic area in southeastern Europe with various and disputed definitions.
Baltimore Municipal Airport ("Harbor Field") is a former airport and United States Air Force airfield about 6 miles southeast of Baltimore, Maryland on an artificial peninsula.
Barksdale Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force base in northwest Louisiana, USA, in Bossier Parish, and is contiguous to Bossier City, Louisiana along the base's western and northwestern edge.
The Bellanca Aircruiser and Airbus were high-wing, single-engine aircraft built by Bellanca Aircraft Corporation of New Castle, Delaware.
Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean.
Biak is a small island located in Cenderawasih Bay near the northern coast of Papua, an Indonesian province, and is just northwest of New Guinea.
The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, satellites, and missiles worldwide.
The Boeing Model 307 Stratoliner was the first commercial transport aircraft to enter service with a pressurized cabin.
The Boeing 314 Clipper was a long-range flying boat produced by the Boeing Airplane Company between 1938 and 1941.
Boeing Field, officially King County International Airport, is a public airport owned and operated by King County, five miles south of downtown Seattle, Washington.
The Boeing Model 40 was a United States mail plane of the 1920s.
Bolling Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base in Washington, D.C. In 2010 it was merged with Naval Support Facility Anacostia to form Joint Base Anacostia–Bolling.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Brisbane is the capital of and most populous city in the Australian state of Queensland, and the third most populous city in Australia.
British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.
Brownsville is the county seat of Cameron County, Texas, United States.
Brownsville/South Padre Island International Airport is a city owned, public use airport located four nautical miles (7 km) east of the central business district of Brownsville, a city in Cameron County, Texas, United States.
Buffalo is the second largest city in the state of New York and the 81st most populous city in the United States.
Cyrus Rowlett "C.
Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
Casablanca (ad-dār al-bayḍāʾ; anfa; local informal name: Kaẓa), located in the central-western part of Morocco bordering the Atlantic Ocean, is the largest city in Morocco.
Casablanca–Anfa Airport (Aéroport de Casablanca–Anfa, مطار الدار البيضاء أنفا) was an airport in Morocco, located about southwest of Casablanca.
Central America (América Central, Centroamérica) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with the South American continent on the southeast.
Canadian Forces Base Gander (also CFB Gander), is a Canadian Forces Base located in Gander, Newfoundland and Labrador.
Canadian Forces Base Goose Bay (IATA: YYR, ICAO: CYYR), commonly referred to as CFB Goose Bay, is a Canadian Forces Base located in the municipality of Happy Valley-Goose Bay in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Chabua Air Force Station is an Indian Air Force base located at Chabua of Dibrugarh district in the state of Assam, India.
Charleston Air Force Base is a United States military facility located in the City of North Charleston, South Carolina.
Cheddi Jagan International Airport, formerly Timehri International Airport, is the national airport of Guyana.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Cincinnati Municipal Airport – Lunken Field (Cincinnati Municipal Lunken Airport) is a public airport in Cincinnati, Ohio, three miles (5 km) southeast of Downtown Cincinnati.
The Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB) was an agency of the federal government of the United States that regulated aviation services, including scheduled passenger airline service, and provided air accident investigation.
Clark Air Base is a Philippine Air Force base on Luzon Island in the Philippines, located west of Angeles, about northwest of Metro Manila.
Columbus is the state capital and the most populous city in Ohio.
The Consolidated Aircraft Corporation was founded in 1923 by Reuben H. Fleet in Buffalo, New York, the result of the Gallaudet Aircraft Company's liquidation and Fleet's purchase of designs from the Dayton-Wright Company as the subsidiary was being closed by its parent corporation, General Motors.
The Consolidated B-24 Liberator is an American heavy bomber, designed by Consolidated Aircraft of San Diego, California.
The Consolidated C-87 Liberator Express was a transport derivative of the B-24 Liberator heavy bomber built during World War II for the United States Army Air Forces.
The Consolidated PBY Catalina, also known as the Canso in Canadian service, is an American flying boat, and later an amphibious aircraft of the 1930s and 1940s produced by Consolidated Aircraft.
The Crimson Route was a set of joint United States and Canada transport routes planned for ferrying planes and material from North America to Europe during World War II.
The Curtiss C-46 Commando is a transport aircraft derived from the Curtiss CW-20 pressurised high-altitude airliner design.
Dakar is the capital and largest city of Senegal.
Dallas is a city in the U.S. state of Texas.
Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, usually called Detroit Metro Airport, Metro Airport, or just DTW, is a major international airport in the United States covering, effective March 1, 2018.
Newfoundland was a British dominion from 1907 to 1949.
The Douglas Aircraft Company was an American aerospace manufacturer based in Southern California.
The Douglas C-47 Skytrain or Dakota (RAF designation) is a military transport aircraft developed from the civilian Douglas DC-3 airliner.
The Douglas C-54 Skymaster is a four-engined transport aircraft used by the United States Army Air Forces in World War II and the Korean War.
The Douglas DC-2 is a 14-seat, twin-engined airliner that was produced by the American company Douglas Aircraft Corporation starting in 1934.
The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing propeller-driven airliner with tailwheel-type landing gear.
The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.
Edgar Staley Gorrell (February 3, 1891—March 5, 1945) was an American military officer, aviation pioneer, historian, manufacturing entrepreneur, and advocate for the airline industry.
The Eleventh Air Force (11 AF) is a Numbered Air Force of the United States Air Force Pacific Air Forces (PACAF).
Elmendorf Air Force Base is a United States military facility in Anchorage, the largest city in Alaska.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Ernest Harmon Air Force Base is a former United States Air Force base located in Stephenville, Newfoundland and Labrador.
The European theatre of World War II, also known as the Second European War, was a huge area of heavy fighting across Europe, from Germany's and the Soviet Union's joint invasion of Poland in September 1939 until the end of the war with the Soviet Union conquering most of Eastern Europe along with the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945 (Victory in Europe Day).
The Far East Air Force (FEAF) was the military aviation organization of the United States Army in the Philippines just prior to and at the beginning of World War II.
The Fifth Air Force (5 AF) is a numbered air force of the United States Air Force Pacific Air Forces (PACAF).
Fiji (Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणराज्य), is an island country in Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about northeast of New Zealand's North Island.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
Fort Bragg, North Carolina is a military installation of the United States Army and is the largest military installation in the world (by population) with more than 50,000 active duty personnel.
The Fourteenth Air Force (14 AF; Air Forces Strategic) is a numbered air force of the United States Air Force Space Command (AFSPC).
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The French protectorate in Morocco (Protectorat français au Maroc; حماية فرنسا في المغرب Ḥimāyat Faransā fi-l-Maḡrib) was established by the Treaty of Fez.
The Galápagos Islands (official name: Archipiélago de Colón, other Spanish name: Las Islas Galápagos), part of the Republic of Ecuador, are an archipelago of volcanic islands distributed on either side of the equator in the Pacific Ocean surrounding the centre of the Western Hemisphere, west of continental Ecuador.
German-occupied Europe refers to the sovereign countries of Europe which were occupied by the military forces of Nazi Germany at various times between 1939 and 1945 and administered by the Nazi regime.
Glasgow Prestwick Airport (IATA: PIK, ICAO: EGPK) is an international airport serving the west of Scotland, situated northeast of the town of Prestwick in South Ayrshire and from the city centre of Glasgow.
The Grand Prairie Armed Forces Reserve Complex (formerly Naval Air Station Dallas or Hensley Field) is a former United States Navy Naval Air Station located on Mountain Creek Lake in southwest Dallas.
Gray Army Airfield, also known as Gray AAF, is a military airfield located within Joint Base Lewis-McChord (formerly Fort Lewis) near Tacoma, in Pierce County, Washington, United States.
Great Falls International Airport is a public/military airport in city limits three miles southwest of central Great Falls in Cascade County, Montana.
Great Falls is a town in and the county seat of Cascade County, Montana, United States.
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat,; Grønland) is an autonomous constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Greenwood–Leflore Airport is a public airport seven miles east of Greenwood, the county seat of Leflore County, Mississippi.
Guam (Chamorro: Guåhån) is an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States in Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean.
Hamilton Field (Hamilton AFB) was a United States Air Force base, which was deactivated in 1973, decommissioned in 1974, and put into a caretaker status with the Air Force Reserves until 1976.
Harold Lee George (July 19, 1893 – February 24, 1986) was an American aviation pioneer who helped shape and promote the concept of daylight precision bombing.
Harrisburg Air National Guard Base is a United States Air Force base, located at Harrisburg International Airport, Pennsylvania.
Havana (Spanish: La Habana) is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba.
Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold (June 25, 1886 – January 15, 1950) was an American general officer holding the grades of General of the Army and General of the Air Force.
Hickam Air Force Base is a United States Air Force installation, named in honor of aviation pioneer Lieutenant Colonel Horace Meek Hickam.
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, form a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.
Honiara is the capital city of the Solomon Islands, situated on the northwestern coast of Guadalcanal.
Houlton International Airport is a public-use airport located in the town of Houlton in Aroostook County, Maine, United States, near the town border of Hodgdon, Maine, also on the border of New Brunswick, Canada.
Houlton is a town in Aroostook County, Maine, on the Canada–US border, located at.
Howard Air Force Base,, is a former United States Air Force base located in Panama.
The I Troop Carrier Command is an inactive United States Army Air Forces unit.
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of and an area of, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
Imperial Airways was the early British commercial long-range airline, operating from 1924 to 1939 and serving parts of Europe but principally the British Empire routes to South Africa, India and the Far East, including Malaya and Hong Kong.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The India-China Division (ICD) is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Jackson, officially the City of Jackson, is the capital city and largest urban center of the U.S. state of Mississippi.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Jayapura (Kota Jayapura); is the provincial capital of Papua, Indonesia.
Jiwani Airport is situated 10 km away from the city centre of Jiwani in Balochistan.
Karachi (کراچی; ALA-LC:,; ڪراچي) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh.
Kelly Field Annex (formerly Kelly Air Force Base) is a United States Air Force facility located in San Antonio, Texas.
Khartoum is the capital and largest city of Sudan.
Khartoum International Airport (Arabic:مطار الخرطوم الدولي) is an airport in Khartoum, the capital of Sudan.
Kindley Air Force Base was a United States Air Force base in Bermuda from 1948–1970, having been operated from 1943 to 1948 by the United States Army Air Forces as Kindley Field.
Kinshasa (formerly Léopoldville (Léopoldville or Dutch)) is the capital and the largest city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Kunming is the capital and largest city of Yunnan province in southwest China.
Labrador is the continental-mainland part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Ladd Army Airfield is the military airfield located at Fort Jonathan Wainwright, located in Fairbanks, Alaska.
Léopold Sédar Senghor International Airport (Aéroport international Léopold-Sédar-Senghor) is an international airport serving Dakar, the capital of Senegal.
The Lend-Lease policy, formally titled An Act to Promote the Defense of the United States, was an American program to defeat Germany, Japan and Italy by distributing food, oil, and materiel between 1941 and August 1945.
The Lockheed Corporation was an American aerospace company.
Lod (לוֹד; اللُّدّ; Latin: Lydda, Diospolis, Ancient Greek: Λύδδα / Διόσπολις - city of Zeus) is a city southeast of Tel Aviv in the Central District of Israel.
Long Beach Airport is a city-owned public airport three miles northeast of downtown Long Beach, in Los Angeles County, California.
Louisiana is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Maine is a U.S. state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Malmstrom Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base and census-designated place (CDP) in Great Falls, Cascade County, Montana, United States.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
The Mariana Islands (also the Marianas) are a crescent-shaped archipelago comprising the summits of fifteen mostly dormant volcanic mountains in the western North Pacific Ocean, between the 12th and 21st parallels north and along the 145th meridian east.
The Marshall Islands, officially the Republic of the Marshall Islands (Aolepān Aorōkin M̧ajeļ), is an island country located near the equator in the Pacific Ocean, slightly west of the International Date Line.
McClellan Air Force Base (1935–2001) is a former United States Air Force base located in the North Highlands area of Sacramento County, northeast of Sacramento, California.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Miami is a major port city on the Atlantic coast of south Florida in the southeastern United States.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
Midland is a city in and the county seat of Midland County, Texas, United States, on the Southern Plains of the state's western area.
Midway Atoll (also called Midway Island and Midway Islands; Hawaiian: Pihemanu Kauihelani) is a atoll in the North Pacific Ocean at.
The Military Air Transport Service (MATS) is an inactive Department of Defense Unified Command.
The Military Airlift Command (MAC) is an inactive United States Air Force major command (MAJCOM) that was headquartered at Scott Air Force Base, Illinois.
Millinocket is a town in Penobscot County, Maine, United States.
Minneapolis is the county seat of Hennepin County, and the larger of the Twin Cities, the 16th-largest metropolitan area in the United States.
Minneapolis–Saint Paul Joint Air Reserve Station is a United States Air Force base, located at Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport.
Mitchel Air Force Base also known as Mitchel Field, was a United States Air Force base located on the Hempstead Plains of Long Island, New York, United States.
Montevideo is the capital and largest city of Uruguay.
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
Nadi (pronounced) is the third-largest conurbation in Fiji.
Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.
Nashville International Airport is a joint public and military use airport in the southeastern section of Nashville in the U.S. state of Tennessee.
Nassau is the capital and commercial centre of the Commonwealth of the Bahamas.
Natal ("Christmas") is the capital and largest city of the state Rio Grande do Norte, located in northeastern Brazil.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
New Caledonia (Nouvelle-Calédonie)Previously known officially as the "Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies" (Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et dépendances), then simply as the "Territory of New Caledonia" (French: Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie), the official French name is now only Nouvelle-Calédonie (Organic Law of 19 March 1999, article 222 IV — see). The French courts often continue to use the appellation Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie.
New Castle National Guard Base is a United States Air Force installation under the control of the Delaware Air National Guard, located at New Castle Airport in New Castle County, Delaware.
New Guinea (Nugini or, more commonly known, Papua, historically, Irian) is a large island off the continent of Australia.
New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
Newfoundland and Labrador (Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador; Akamassiss; Newfoundland Irish: Talamh an Éisc agus Labradar) is the most easterly province of Canada.
The Ninth Air Force (9 AF) is a numbered air force of the United States Air Force's Air Combat Command (ACC).
North Africa is a collective term for a group of Mediterranean countries and territories situated in the northern-most region of the African continent.
North American Aviation (NAA) was a major American aerospace manufacturer, responsible for a number of historic aircraft, including the T-6 Texan trainer, the P-51 Mustang fighter, the B-25 Mitchell bomber, the F-86 Sabre jet fighter, the X-15 rocket plane, and the XB-70, as well as Apollo Command and Service Module, the second stage of the Saturn V rocket, the Space Shuttle orbiter and the B-1 Lancer.
The North Atlantic air ferry route was a series of Air Routes over the North Atlantic Ocean on which aircraft were ferried from the United States and Canada to Great Britain during World War II to support combat operations in the European Theater of Operations (ETO).
North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
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Northern Canada, colloquially the North, is the vast northernmost region of Canada variously defined by geography and politics.
The Northwest Staging Route was a series of airstrips, airport and radio ranging stations built in Alberta, British Columbia, the Yukon and Alaska during World War II.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Nouméa is the capital and largest city of the French special collectivity of New Caledonia.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
is the southernmost prefecture of Japan.
Oklahoma (Uukuhuúwa, Gahnawiyoˀgeh) is a state in the South Central region of the United States.
Omaha is the largest city in the state of Nebraska and the county seat of Douglas County.
Oslo (rarely) is the capital and most populous city of Norway.
Palm Springs International Airport, formerly Palm Springs Municipal Airport, is a public airport two miles (3 km) east of downtown Palm Springs, California.
Panama (Panamá), officially the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá), is a country in Central America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south.
The Panama Canal Zone (Zona del Canal de Panamá) was an unincorporated territory of the United States from 1903 to 1979, centered on the Panama Canal and surrounded by the Republic of Panama.
Paul Langdon Williams (16 April 1894 – 3 March 1968) was a United States Army Air Forces and United States Air Force general.
Payne Field is a former World War I military airfield, located north-northeast of West Point, Mississippi.
The PC-461 class submarine chasers were a class of 343 submarine chasers built mainly for the US Navy built from 1941-1944.
The Persian Gulf (lit), (الخليج الفارسي) is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Ploiești (older spelling: Ploești) is a city and county seat in Prahova County, Romania.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
The presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt began on March 4, 1933, when he was inaugurated as the 32nd President of the United States, and ended upon his death on April 12, 1945, a span of (4,422 days).
Presque Isle is the commercial center and largest city in Aroostook County, Maine, United States.
Pretoria is a city in the northern part of Gauteng, South Africa.
Puerto Rico (Spanish for "Rich Port"), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico") and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
RAAF Base Williamtown is a Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) military air base located north of the coastal city of Newcastle (by road) in the local government area of Port Stephens, in New South Wales, Australia.
RAF Ferry Command was a Royal Air Force command formed on 20 July 1941 to ferry aircraft from the place of manufacture or other non-operational areas, to the front line operational units, e.g., the squadrons.
Robert Olds (June 15, 1896 – April 28, 1943) was a general officer in the United States Army Air Forces, theorist of strategic air power, and proponent of an independent United States Air Force.
Redmond Municipal Airport (Roberts Field) is a domestic airport in Deschutes County, Oregon.
Roberts International Airport, informally also known as Roberts Field, is an international airport in the West African nation of Liberia.
Romulus is a suburban city of Metro Detroit, located in Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan.
Rosecrans Memorial Airport is a joint civil-military public airport located three miles (5 km) northwest of the city of St. Joseph in Buchanan County, Missouri, USA.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Salinas is a coastal city located in the Province of Santa Elena, Ecuador.
Salt Lake City (often shortened to Salt Lake and abbreviated as SLC) is the capital and the most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Utah.
Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.
Scott Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base in St. Clair County, Illinois, near Belleville and O'Fallon, 25 miles East of downtown St. Louis.
Seattle is a seaport city on the west coast of the United States.
United States Air Forces Korea and USAFK redirect here. The Seventh Air Force (Air Forces Korea) (7 AF) is a Numbered Air Force of the United States Pacific Air Forces (PACAF).
Sharjah International Airport (مطار الشارقة الدولي) is an airport located east south east of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.
Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
South Florida is a region of the U.S. state of Florida, comprising the southernmost part of the state.
The South Pacific air ferry route was initially established in the 1920s to ferry United States Army Air Service aircraft to the Philippines.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Talara is a city in the Talara Province of the Piura Region, in northwestern Peru.
Tehran (تهران) is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province.
The Tenth Air Force (10 AF) is a unit of the U.S. Air Force, specifically a numbered air force of the Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC).
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
The Hump was the name given by Allied pilots in the Second World War to the eastern end of the Himalayan Mountains over which they flew military transport aircraft from India to China to resupply the Chinese war effort of Chiang Kai-shek and the units of the United States Army Air Forces (AAF) based in China.
The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C. As a symbol of the U.S. military, The Pentagon is often used metonymically to refer to the U.S. Department of Defense.
The Thirteenth Air Force (Air Forces Pacific) (13 AF) was a numbered air force of the United States Air Force Pacific Air Forces (PACAF).
Tobruk or Tubruq (Αντίπυργος) (طبرق Ṭubruq; also transliterated as Tóbruch, Tobruch, Tobruck and Tubruk) is a port city on Libya's eastern Mediterranean coast, near the border of Egypt.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
Trans World Airlines (TWA) was a major American airline from 1924 until 2001.
Trinidad is the larger and more populous of the two major islands of Trinidad and Tobago.
Tucson is a city and the county seat of Pima County, Arizona, United States, and home to the University of Arizona.
Tulsa is the second-largest city in the state of Oklahoma and 47th-most populous city in the United States.
The Twelfth Air Force (12 AF; Air Forces Southern, (AFSOUTH)) is a Numbered Air Force of the United States Air Force Air Combat Command (ACC).
The Twentieth Air Force (Air Forces Strategic) (20 AF) is a numbered air force of the United States Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC). It is headquartered at Francis E. Warren Air Force Base, Wyoming. 20 AF's primary mission is Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) operations. The Twentieth Air Force commander is also the Commander, Task Force 214 (TF 214), which provides alert ICBMs to the United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM). Established on 4 April 1944 at Washington D.C, 20 AF was a United States Army Air Forces combat air force deployed to the Pacific Theater of World War II. Operating initially from bases in India and staging though bases in China, 20 AF conducted strategic bombardment of the Japanese Home Islands. It relocated to the Mariana Islands in late 1944, and continued the strategic bombardment campaign against Japan until the Japanese capitulation in August 1945. The 20 AF 509th Composite Group conducted the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, in August 1945. Deactivated on 1 March 1955, the command was reactivated 1 September 1991, as a component of the Strategic Air Command (SAC) and became operationally responsible for all land-based Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Air Forces Southern Command is an inactive Major Command of the United States Air Force.
The United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America between 1926 and 1941.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
The United States Army Air ServiceCraven and Cate Vol.
The Services Of Supply or "SOS" branch of the Army of the USA was created on 28 February 1942 by Executive Order Number 9082 "Reorganizing the Army and the War Department" and War Department Circular No.
The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.
The Air Commerce Act of 1926 created an Aeronautic Branch of the United States Department of Commerce.
The Secretary of the Air Force (SecAF, or SAF/OS) is the head of the Department of the Air Force, a component organization within the Department of Defense of the United States.
The Secretary of War was a member of the United States President's Cabinet, beginning with George Washington's administration.
Uranium is a chemical element with symbol U and atomic number 92.
Utah is a state in the western United States.
The Vultee Aircraft Corporation became an independent company in 1939 in Los Angeles County, California.
Wake Island (also known as Wake Atoll) is a coral atoll in the western Pacific Ocean in the northeastern area of the Micronesia subregion, east of Guam, west of Honolulu and southeast of Tokyo.
Waller Air Force Base is a former United States Army Air Forces World War II air base located in northeastern Trinidad.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost region of Africa.
The West Coast Wing (WCW) is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States.
Willow Run, also known as Air Force Plant 31, was a manufacturing complex in Michigan, located between Ypsilanti Township and Belleville, constructed by the Ford Motor Company for the mass production of aircraft, especially the B-24 Liberator heavy bomber.
The Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP), referred to by some as the Women's Army Service Pilots, was a civilian women pilots' organization, whose members were United States federal civil service employees.
Wonderboom Airport, is located north of Pretoria, South Africa.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base (WPAFB) is a United States Air Force base and census-designated place just east of Dayton, Ohio, in Greene and Montgomery counties.
Ypsilanti (often mispronounced), commonly shortened to Ypsi, is a city in Washtenaw County in the U.S. state of Michigan, perhaps best known as the home of Eastern Michigan University.
The Fifteenth Expeditionary Mobility Task Force (15 ETF) was one of two ETFs assigned to the United States Air Force Air Mobility Command (AMC) and was headquartered at Travis Air Force Base, California.
The 21st Expeditionary Mobility Task Force (21 EMTF) was one of two EMTFs assigned to the Air Force’s Air Mobility Command.
The 370th Air Expeditionary Wing (AEW) is a provisional United States Air Force unit assigned to United States Air Forces Central, which may activate or inactivate it at any time.
The 50th Air Division is an inactive United States Air Force unit.