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Index Airbag

An airbag is a type of vehicle safety device and is an occupant restraint system. [1]

206 relations: Accelerometer, Advertising, Aerobraking, Aerospace, Airbag, Airbag dermatitis, Airplane airbags, Algorithm, Aluminium oxide, Ammonium nitrate, Analog Devices, Anti-lock braking system, Argon, Asthma, Audi, Auto mechanic, Autoliv, Automobile safety, Aviation Applied Technology Directorate, Aviation safety, Škoda Auto, BAE Systems, Beagle 2, Bell OH-58 Kiowa, BMW, BMW 5 Series (E39), BMW 7 Series (E38), Carboxylic acid, Catch-all, Cessna, Chemical reaction, Chevrolet Cobalt, Chevrolet Silverado, Child safety seat, Chlorate, Chrysler, Chrysler Concorde, Chrysler LeBaron, Chrysler minivans (S), Citroën, Citroën C4, Clay, Collision, Collision avoidance system, Copper(II) nitrate, Corn starch, Cost-effectiveness analysis, Crash test, Crash test dummy, Crumple zone, ..., Daicel, Dainese, Decapitation, Dicyanamide, Dodge Intrepid, Eagle Vision, Eaton Corporation, Electric match, Electromechanics, Electronic control unit, Euro NCAP, Europe, Experimental Safety Vehicle, Federal government of the United States, Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 208, Fiat Automobiles, Fleet vehicle, Ford Explorer, Ford Fiesta, Ford Flex, Ford Mondeo (fourth generation), Ford Motor Company, Friction, Gas generator, General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark, General Motors, General Motors ignition switch recalls, Germany, Glove compartment, Grand Prix motorcycle racing, Grandfather clause, Guanidine nitrate, Gyroscope, Head injury, Head-on collision, Honda, Honda Gold Wing, Honda Legend, Hysteresis, Industrial engineering, Integrated circuit, Intellectual property, Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act, Jeep Grand Cherokee, Joyson Safety Systems, Key (lock), Kia Sportage, Landing, Lexus LFA, Lincoln MKT, Lobbying, Luna 13, Luna 9, Magnet, Mars Exploration Rover, Mars Pathfinder, Mercedes-Benz, Mercedes-Benz S-Class (W221), Mercedes-Benz S-Class (W222), Mercedes-Benz W126, Mercury switch, Microelectromechanical systems, Minivan, Model year, Moon, Motorcycle, Multiple-vehicle collision, NASA, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Nissan, Nitrate, Nitrite, Nitrocellulose, Nitrogen, Nitrogen oxide, Nitroguanidine, Nitroimidazole, Oldsmobile Toronado, Opel, Oxygen balance, Parachute, People (magazine), Perchlorate, Peugeot, Peugeot 206, Peugeot 306, Pickup truck, Pillar (car), Porsche 944, Potassium chloride, Potassium silicate, Power brakes, Power steering, Pressure sensor, Procon-ten, Propellant, Pyrotechnics, Ram Pickup, Renault, Risk assessment, Road surface marking, Rolamite, SAE International, Safety standards, Sandia National Laboratories, Seat belt, Semantics, Semi-trailer truck, Sensor, Side collision, Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk, Silicon dioxide, Slag, Sodium azide, Sodium bicarbonate, Sodium borohydride, Sodium hydroxide, Sodium silicate, Solid-propellant rocket, South Korea, Sport utility vehicle, Takata Corporation, Talc, Tetrazole, Torpedo, Total loss, Toyota Avensis, Toyota Caldina, Toyota Crown Majesta, Toyota iQ, Toyota Progrès, Transport Research Laboratory, Triazole, TRW Automotive, TRW Inc., United Kingdom, United States, United States Army, United States Department of Defense, United States Navy, Vauxhall Motors, Vehicle, Virginia, Volkswagen, Volkswagen Golf Mk4, Volkswagen Polo Mk5, Volvo, Volvo 850, Volvo C70, Volvo S80, Volvo V40 (P1), West Germany, Wheel speed sensor, Windshield, World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations, 5-Aminotetrazole. Expand index (156 more) »


An accelerometer is a device that measures proper acceleration.

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Advertising is an audio or visual form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, non-personal message to promote or sell a product, service or idea.

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Aerobraking is a spaceflight maneuver that reduces the high point of an elliptical orbit (apoapsis) by flying the vehicle through the atmosphere at the low point of the orbit (periapsis).

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Aerospace is the human effort in science, engineering and business to fly in the atmosphere of Earth (aeronautics) and surrounding space (astronautics).

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An airbag is a type of vehicle safety device and is an occupant restraint system.

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Airbag dermatitis

Airbag dermatitis (also known as an "Airbag burn") is caused skin irritation and trauma secondary to the deployment of airbags.

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Airplane airbags

Airplane airbags are air bags that are located in the seat belts of seats on airplanes.

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In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is an unambiguous specification of how to solve a class of problems.

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Aluminium oxide

Aluminium oxide (British English) or aluminum oxide (American English) is a chemical compound of aluminium and oxygen with the chemical formula 23.

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Ammonium nitrate

Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound, the nitrate salt of the ammonium cation.

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Analog Devices

Analog Devices, Inc., also known as ADI or Analog, is an American multinational semiconductor company specializing in data conversion and signal processing technology, headquartered in Norwood, Massachusetts.

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Anti-lock braking system

An anti-lock braking system (ABS) is a safety anti-skid braking system used on aircraft and on land vehicles, such as cars, motorcycles, trucks and buses.

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Argon is a chemical element with symbol Ar and atomic number 18.

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Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.

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Audi AG is a German automobile manufacturer that designs, engineers, produces, markets and distributes luxury vehicles.

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Auto mechanic

An auto mechanic (automotive technician in most of North America, car mechanic in British English, and motor mechanic in Australian English) is a mechanic with a variety of automobile makes or either in a specific area or in a specific make of automobile.

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Autoliv Inc. is the world's largest automotive safety supplier with sales to all leading car manufacturers worldwide.

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Automobile safety

Automobile safety is the study and practice of design, construction, equipment and regulation to minimize the occurrence and consequences of traffic collisions.

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Aviation Applied Technology Directorate

The United States Army Aviation Applied Technology Directorate (AATD) is a tenant activity located at Fort Eustis, Virginia.

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Aviation safety

Aviation safety means the state of an aviation system or organization in which risks associated with aviation activities, related to, or in direct support of the operation of aircraft, are reduced and controlled to an acceptable level.

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Škoda Auto

Škoda Auto, more commonly known as Škoda, is a Czech automobile manufacturer founded in 1895 as Laurin & Klement.

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BAE Systems

BAE Systems plc is a British multinational defence, security, and aerospace company.

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Beagle 2

The Beagle 2 was a British Mars lander that was transported by the European Space Agency's 2003 Mars Express mission. It was an astrobiology mission that would have looked for past life on the shallow surface of Mars. The spacecraft was successfully deployed from the Mars Express on 19 December 2003 and was scheduled to land on the surface of Mars on 25 December; however, no contact was received at the expected time of landing on Mars, with the ESA declaring the mission lost in February 2004, after numerous attempts to contact the spacecraft were made. The Beagle 2 fate remained a mystery until January 2015 when it was located intact on the surface of Mars in a series of images from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter HiRISE camera. The images suggest that two of the spacecraft's four solar panels failed to deploy, blocking the spacecraft's communications antenna. The Beagle 2 is named after, the ship used by Charles Darwin.

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Bell OH-58 Kiowa

The Bell OH-58 Kiowa is a family of single-engine, single-rotor, military helicopters used for observation, utility, and direct fire support.

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BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces luxury automobiles and motorcycles, and also produced aircraft engines until 1945.

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BMW 5 Series (E39)

The BMW E39 is the fourth generation of BMW 5 Series, which was sold from 1995 to 2003.

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BMW 7 Series (E38)

The BMW E38 is the third generation of the BMW 7 Series, which was produced from April 1994 to 2001.

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Carboxylic acid

A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.

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In common use, a catchall or catch-all is a general term, or metaphoric dumping group, for a variety of similar words or meanings.

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The Cessna Aircraft Company was an American general aviation aircraft manufacturing corporation headquartered in Wichita, Kansas.

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Chemical reaction

A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.

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Chevrolet Cobalt

The Chevrolet Cobalt is a compact car initially introduced by Chevrolet in 2004 for the 2005 model year.

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Chevrolet Silverado

The Chevrolet Silverado, and its mechanically identical cousin, the GMC Sierra, are a series of full-size and heavy-duty pickup trucks manufactured by General Motors and introduced in 1998 as the successor to the long-running Chevrolet C/K line.

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Child safety seat

A child safety seat (infant safety seat, child restraint system, child seat, baby seat, restraining car seat, car seat, etc.) is a seat designed specifically to protect children from injury or death during vehicle collisions.

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The chlorate anion has the formula.

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Fiat Chrysler Automobiles US LLC (commonly known as Chrysler) is the American subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V., an Italian-American automobile manufacturer registered in the Netherlands with headquarters in London, U.K., for tax purposes.

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Chrysler Concorde

The Chrysler Concorde is a full-size, front wheel drive four-door sedan that was produced by Chrysler from 1992 to 2004.

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Chrysler LeBaron

The Chrysler LeBaron (or Chrysler Imperial LeBaron) was originally a classic luxury car of the 1930s, the body manufactured by LeBaron, its chassis manufactured by Chrysler, which competed with other luxury cars of the era such as Lincoln and Packard.

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Chrysler minivans (S)

The first-generation Chrysler minivans are a series of minivans produced and marketed by the Chrysler Corporation in North American and Europe from 1984 to 1990.

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Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, part of the PSA Peugeot Citroën group since 1976, founded in 1919 by French industrialist André-Gustave Citroën (1878–1935).

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Citroën C4

The Citroën C4 is a compact car (C-segment in Europe) produced by French automaker Citroën since Autumn 2004.

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Clay is a finely-grained natural rock or soil material that combines one or more clay minerals with possible traces of quartz (SiO2), metal oxides (Al2O3, MgO etc.) and organic matter.

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A collision is an event in which two or more bodies exert forces on each other for a relatively short time.

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Collision avoidance system

A collision avoidance system is an automobile safety system designed to prevent or reduce the severity of a collision.

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Copper(II) nitrate

Copper(II) nitrate, Cu(NO3)2, is an inorganic compound that forms a blue crystalline solid.

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Corn starch

Corn starch, cornstarch, cornflour or maize starch or maize is the starch derived from the corn (maize) grain.

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Cost-effectiveness analysis

Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) is a form of economic analysis that compares the relative costs and outcomes (effects) of different courses of action.

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Crash test

A crash test is a form of destructive testing usually performed in order to ensure safe design standards in crashworthiness and crash compatibility for various modes of transportation or related systems and components.

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Crash test dummy

A crash test dummy is a full-scale anthropomorphic test device (ATD) that simulates the dimensions, weight proportions and articulation of the human body, and is usually instrumented to record data about the dynamic behavior of the ATD in simulated vehicle impacts.

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Crumple zone

The crumple zone is a structural safety feature mainly used in automobiles to absorb the energy from the impact during a collision by controlled deformation, and recently also incorporated into railcars.

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is a chemical company based in Japan.

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Dainese (pronounced dye-ee-neh-zeh) is an Italian manufacturer of protective gear and clothing for sports, including motorcycling, mountain biking, winter sports and horseriding.

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Decapitation is the complete separation of the head from the body.

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Dicyanamide is also known as dicyanamine.

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Dodge Intrepid

The Dodge Intrepid is a full sized front-wheel drive four-door sedan that was produced by Dodge (Chrysler) for model years 1993 to 2004.

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Eagle Vision

The Eagle Vision was a full-sized, front-wheel drive four-door sports sedan that was produced from 1992 to 1997.

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Eaton Corporation

Eaton Corporation Plc is a multinational power management company with 2017 sales of $20.4 billion, founded in the United States with corporate headquarters in Dublin, Ireland.

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Electric match

An electric match is a device that uses an externally applied electric current to ignite a combustible compound.

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In engineering, electromechanics combines processes and procedures drawn from electrical engineering and mechanical engineering.

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Electronic control unit

An Electronic Control Unit (ECU) is any embedded system in automotive electronics that controls one or more of the electrical systems or subsystems in a vehicle.

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The European New Car Assessment Programme (Euro NCAP) is a European car safety performance assessment programme (i.e. a New Car Assessment Program) based in Brussels (Belgium) and founded in 1997 by the Transport Research Laboratory for the UK Department for Transport and backed by several European governments, as well as by the European Union.

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Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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Experimental Safety Vehicle

Experimental Safety Vehicle (ESV) is the designation for experimental concept cars which are used to test car safety ideas.

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Federal government of the United States

The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.

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Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 208

Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 208 (FMVSS 208) regulates automotive occupant crash protection in the United States.

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Fiat Automobiles

Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. (originally FIAT, lit) is the largest automobile manufacturer in Italy, a subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A., which is part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (previously Fiat S.p.A.). Fiat Automobiles was formed in January 2007 when Fiat reorganized its automobile business, and traces its history back to 1899 when the first Fiat automobile, the Fiat 4 HP, was produced.

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Fleet vehicle

Fleet vehicles are groups of motor vehicles owned or leased by a business, government agency or other organization rather than by an individual or family.

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Ford Explorer

The Ford Explorer is a range of SUVs manufactured by Ford Motor Company.

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Ford Fiesta

The Ford Fiesta is a supermini marketed by Ford since 1976 over seven generations and manufactured globally, including in Europe, Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, China, India, Thailand, and South Africa.

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Ford Flex

The Ford Flex is a mid-size crossover SUV manufactured by the Ford Motor Company since the 2009 model year.

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Ford Mondeo (fourth generation)

The Ford Mondeo Mk V (fourth generation), also known as the Ford Fusion, codenamed CD391, was unveiled by Ford at the 2012 North American International Auto Show in Detroit, Michigan.

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Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.

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Friction is the force resisting the relative motion of solid surfaces, fluid layers, and material elements sliding against each other.

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Gas generator

A gas generator is a device for generating gas.

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General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark

The General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark was a supersonic, medium-range interdictor and tactical attack aircraft that also filled the roles of strategic nuclear bomber, aerial reconnaissance, and electronic-warfare aircraft in its various versions.

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General Motors

General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.

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General Motors ignition switch recalls

On February 6, 2014, General Motors (GM) recalled about 800,000 of its small cars due to faulty ignition switches, which could shut off the engine during driving and thereby prevent the airbags from inflating.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Glove compartment

A glove compartment or glovebox or glovie is a compartment built into the dashboard, located over the front-seat passenger's footwell in an automobile, often used for miscellaneous storage.

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Grand Prix motorcycle racing

Grand Prix motorcycle racing refers to the premier class of motorcycle racing events held on road circuits sanctioned by FIM.

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Grandfather clause

A grandfather clause (or grandfather policy) is a provision in which an old rule continues to apply to some existing situations while a new rule will apply to all future cases.

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Guanidine nitrate

Guanidine nitrate is the chemical compound with the formula NO3.

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A gyroscope (from Ancient Greek γῦρος gûros, "circle" and σκοπέω skopéō, "to look") is a device used for measuring or maintaining orientation and angular velocity.

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Head injury

A head injury is any injury that results in trauma to the skull or brain.

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Head-on collision

A head-on collision is a traffic collision where the front ends of two vehicles such as cars, trains, ships or planes hit each other in opposite directions, as opposed to a side collision or rear-end collision.

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is a Japanese public multinational conglomerate corporation primarily known as a manufacturer of automobiles, aircraft, motorcycles, and power equipment.

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Honda Gold Wing

The Honda Gold Wing is a series of touring motorcycles manufactured by Honda.

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Honda Legend

The Honda Legend is a V6-engined full-size/ mid-size luxury/ executive car produced by the Japanese automaker Honda since 1985 that currently serves as its flagship vehicle and provides the basis for the Acura Legend, RL and RLX the flagship vehicle of Honda's luxury Acura division in North America.

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Hysteresis is the dependence of the state of a system on its history.

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Industrial engineering

Industrial engineering is a branch of engineering which deals with the optimization of complex processes, systems, or organizations.

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Integrated circuit

An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.

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Intellectual property

Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property that includes intangible creations of the human intellect, and primarily encompasses copyrights, patents, and trademarks.

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Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act

The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (Public Law 102-240; ISTEA, pronounced Ice-Tea) is a United States federal law that posed a major change to transportation planning and policy, as the first U.S. federal legislation on the subject in the post-Interstate Highway System era.

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Jeep Grand Cherokee

The Jeep Grand Cherokee is a range of Mid-size SUVs produced by the American manufacturer Jeep.

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Joyson Safety Systems

Joyson Safety Systems (JSS), formerly known as Key Safety Systems (KSS) is a company that develops and manufactures automotive safety systems.

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Key (lock)

A key is a device that is used to operate a lock (such as to lock or unlock it).

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Kia Sportage

The Kia Sportage is a compact SUV built by the South Korean manufacturer Kia since 1993.

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Landing is the last part of a flight, where a flying animal, aircraft, or spacecraft returns to the ground.

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Lexus LFA

The Lexus LFA (Japanese: レクサス・LFA, Rekusasu LFA) is a two-seat supercar from Lexus.

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Lincoln MKT

The Lincoln MKT is an automobile marketed by the Lincoln division of Ford Motor Company.

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Lobbying, persuasion, or interest representation is the act of attempting to influence the actions, policies, or decisions of officials in their daily life, most often legislators or members of regulatory agencies.

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Luna 13

Luna 13 (E-6M series) was an unmanned space mission of the Luna program.

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Luna 9

Luna 9 (Луна-9), internal designation Ye-6 No.13, was an unmanned space mission of the Soviet Union's Luna programme.

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A magnet is a material or object that produces a magnetic field.

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Mars Exploration Rover

NASA's Mars Exploration Rover (MER) mission is an ongoing robotic space mission involving two Mars rovers, Spirit and Opportunity, exploring the planet Mars.

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Mars Pathfinder

Mars Pathfinder (MESUR Pathfinder) is an American robotic spacecraft that landed a base station with a roving probe on Mars in 1997.

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Mercedes-Benz is a global automobile marque and a division of the German company Daimler AG.

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Mercedes-Benz S-Class (W221)

The Mercedes-Benz W221 is a chassis code of S-Class, the successor of the Mercedes-Benz S-Class (W220) and the predecessor of the Mercedes-Benz S-Class (W222).

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Mercedes-Benz S-Class (W222)

The Mercedes-Benz W222 is the version of the Mercedes-Benz S-Class produced since 2013, and the successor of the Mercedes-Benz W221.

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Mercedes-Benz W126

The Mercedes-Benz W126 is a series of S-Class automobiles manufactured by Mercedes-Benz between 1979 and 1992.

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Mercury switch

A mercury switch is an electrical switch that opens and closes a circuit when a small amount of the liquid metal mercury connects metal electrodes to close the circuit.

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Microelectromechanical systems

Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS, also written as micro-electro-mechanical, MicroElectroMechanical or microelectronic and microelectromechanical systems and the related micromechatronics) is the technology of microscopic devices, particularly those with moving parts.

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A minivan (American English), people carrier (British English),, MPV (multi-purpose vehicle) or MUV (multi-utility vehicle) is a vehicle size classification describing a high-roof vehicle with a flexible interior layout.

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Model year

The model year (MY) of a product is a number used worldwide, but with a high level of prominence in North America, to describe approximately when a product was produced, and it usually indicates the coinciding base specification (design revision number) of that product.

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The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.

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A motorcycle, often called a bike, motorbike, or cycle, is a two-> or three-wheeled motor vehicle.

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Multiple-vehicle collision

A multiple vehicle collision (colloquially known as a multi-car collision, multi-vehicle collision, or simply a multi) is a road traffic accident involving many vehicles.

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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

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National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA, pronounced "NITS-uh") is an agency of the Executive Branch of the U.S. government, part of the Department of Transportation.

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, usually shortened to Nissan (or; Japanese), is a Japanese multinational automobile manufacturer headquartered in Nishi-ku, Yokohama.

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Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the molecular formula and a molecular mass of 62.0049 u.

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The nitrite ion, which has the chemical formula, is a symmetric anion with equal N–O bond lengths.

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Nitrocellulose (also known as cellulose nitrate, flash paper, flash cotton, guncotton, and flash string) is a highly flammable compound formed by nitrating cellulose through exposure to nitric acid or another powerful nitrating agent.

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Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.

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Nitrogen oxide

Nitrogen oxide may refer to a binary compound of oxygen and nitrogen, or a mixture of such compounds.

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Nitroguanidine is an organic compound with the formula (NH2)2CNNO2.

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5-Nitroimidazole is an organic compound with the formula O2NC3H2N2H.

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Oldsmobile Toronado

The Oldsmobile Toronado is a personal luxury car produced by the Oldsmobile division of General Motors from 1966 to 1992.

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Opel (Opel) is a German automobile manufacturer, subsidiary of French automaker Groupe PSA since August 2017.

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Oxygen balance

Oxygen balance (OB, or OB%) is an expression that is used to indicate the degree to which an explosive can be oxidized.

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A parachute is a device used to slow the motion of an object through an atmosphere by creating drag (or in the case of ram-air parachutes, aerodynamic lift).

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People (magazine)

People is an American weekly magazine of celebrity and human-interest stories, published by Meredith Corporation.

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A perchlorate is the name for a chemical compound containing the perchlorate ion,.

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Peugeot is a French automotive manufacturer, part of Groupe PSA.

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Peugeot 206

The Peugeot 206 is a supermini car that is produced by the French manufacturer Peugeot from May 1998 to the present day; the 206 models are still in production in Iran by Iran Khodro.

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Peugeot 306

The Peugeot 306 is a small family car built by the French car manufacturer Peugeot from 1993 to 2002.

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Pickup truck

A pickup truck is a light-duty truck having an enclosed cab and an open cargo area with low sides and tailgate.

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Pillar (car)

Pillars are the vertical or near vertical supports of a car's window area or greenhouse—designated respectively as the A, B, C or (in larger cars) D-pillar, moving from the front to rear, in profile view.

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Porsche 944

The Porsche 944 is a sports car built by Porsche from 1982 to 1991.

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Potassium chloride

Potassium chloride (KCl) is a metal halide salt composed of potassium and chlorine.

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Potassium silicate

Potassium silicate is the name for a family of inorganic compounds.

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Power brakes

Power brakes are a system of hydraulics used to slow down or stop most motor vehicles.

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Power steering

In automobiles, power steering (also power-assisted steering (PAS) or steering assist system) helps drivers steer by augmenting steering effort of the steering wheel.

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Pressure sensor

A pressure sensor is a device for pressure measurement of gases or liquids.

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procon-ten (lower case initial "p") (an acronym for Programmed Contraction-Tension) is a proprietary Safety Restraint System (SRS), used by German car manufacturer Audi from 1986 until the mid-1990s.

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A propellant or propellent is a chemical substance used in the production of energy or pressurized gas that is subsequently used to create movement of a fluid or to generate propulsion of a vehicle, projectile, or other object.

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Pyrotechnics is the science of using materials capable of undergoing self-contained and self-sustained exothermic chemical reactions for the production of heat, light, gas, smoke and/or sound.

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Ram Pickup

The Ram pickup (formerly the Dodge Ram pickup) is a full-size pickup truck manufactured by FCA US LLC (formerly Chrysler Group LLC) and marketed as of 2011 onwards under the Ram Trucks brand.

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Groupe Renault is a French multinational automobile manufacturer established in 1899.

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Risk assessment

Risk assessment is the determination of quantitative or qualitative estimate of risk related to a well-defined situation and a recognized threat (also called hazard).

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Road surface marking

Road surface marking is any kind of device or material that is used on a road surface in order to convey official information; they are commonly placed with road marking machines (or road marking equipment, pavement marking equipment).

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Rolamite is a technology for very low friction bearings developed by Sandia National Laboratories in the 1960s.

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SAE International

SAE International, initially established as the Society of Automotive Engineers, is a U.S.-based, globally active professional association and standards developing organization for engineering professionals in various industries.

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Safety standards

Safety standards are standards designed to ensure the safety of products, activities or processes, etc.

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Sandia National Laboratories

The Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), managed and operated by the National Technology and Engineering Solutions of Sandia (a wholly owned subsidiary of Honeywell International), is one of three National Nuclear Security Administration research and development laboratories.

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Seat belt

A seat belt (also known as a seatbelt or safety belt) is a vehicle safety device designed to secure the occupant of a vehicle against harmful movement that may result during a collision or a sudden stop.

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Semantics (from σημαντικός sēmantikós, "significant") is the linguistic and philosophical study of meaning, in language, programming languages, formal logics, and semiotics.

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Semi-trailer truck

A semi-trailer truck (more commonly semi truck or simply "semi") is the combination of a tractor unit and one or more semi-trailers to carry freight.

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In the broadest definition, a sensor is a device, module, or subsystem whose purpose is to detect events or changes in its environment and send the information to other electronics, frequently a computer processor.

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Side collision

Side collisions are vehicle crashes where the side of one or more vehicles is impacted.

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Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk

The Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk is a four-bladed, twin-engine, medium-lift utility helicopter manufactured by Sikorsky Aircraft.

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Silicon dioxide

Silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms.

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Slag is the glass-like by-product left over after a desired metal has been separated (i.e., smelted) from its raw ore.

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Sodium azide

Sodium azide is the inorganic compound with the formula NaN3.

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Sodium bicarbonate

Sodium bicarbonate (IUPAC name: sodium hydrogen carbonate), commonly known as baking soda, is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3.

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Sodium borohydride

Sodium borohydride, also known as sodium tetrahydridoborate and sodium tetrahydroborate, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaBH4.

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Sodium hydroxide

Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations and hydroxide anions. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·n. The monohydrate NaOH· crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries: in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents, and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 2004 was approximately 60 million tonnes, while demand was 51 million tonnes.

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Sodium silicate

Sodium silicate is a generic name for chemical compounds with the formula or ·, such as sodium metasilicate, sodium orthosilicate, and sodium pyrosilicate.

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Solid-propellant rocket

A solid-propellant rocket or solid rocket is a rocket with a rocket engine that uses solid propellants (fuel/oxidizer).

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South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.

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Sport utility vehicle

Sport-utility (vehicle), SUV or sport-ute is an automotive classification, typically a kind of station wagon / estate car with off-road vehicle features like raised ground clearance and ruggedness, and available four-wheel drive.

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Takata Corporation

was an automotive parts company based in Japan.

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Talc or talcum is a clay mineral composed of hydrated magnesium silicate with the chemical formula H2Mg3(SiO3)4 or Mg3Si4O10(OH)2.

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Tetrazoles are a class of synthetic organic heterocyclic compound, consisting of a 5-member ring of four nitrogen atoms and one carbon atom.

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A modern torpedo is a self-propelled weapon with an explosive warhead, launched above or below the water surface, propelled underwater towards a target, and designed to detonate either on contact with its target or in proximity to it.

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Total loss

In insurance claims, a total loss or write-off is a situation where the lost value, repair cost or salvage cost of a damaged property exceeds its insured value.

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Toyota Avensis

The Toyota Avensis is a mid-size/large family car built in Derbyshire, United Kingdom by Japanese automaker Toyota from October 1997.

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Toyota Caldina

The Toyota Caldina is an automobile manufactured by Toyota for the Japanese market and released in 1992.

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Toyota Crown Majesta

The is a full-size flagship premium luxury automobile from Toyota.

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Toyota iQ

The Toyota iQ is a transverse engined, front-wheel-drive city car that was manufactured by Toyota and marketed in a single generation for Japan (2008–2016), Europe (2008–2015), and North America (2012–2015) where it was marketed as the Scion iQ. A rebadged variant was marketed in Europe as the Aston Martin Cygnet (2009–2013).

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Toyota Progrès

Toyota Progrès (pronounced "Prog-Ray") is a Toyota midsize luxury sedan which was sold in Japan from May 1998 to June 2007, replacing the Toyota Corona EXiV.

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Transport Research Laboratory

TRL Limited, trading as TRL, and colloquially known as the Transport Research Laboratory, is a fully independent private company offering a transport consultancy and research service to the public and private sector.

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A triazole refers to any of the heterocyclic compounds with molecular formula C2H3N3, having a five-membered ring of two carbon atoms and three nitrogen atoms.

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TRW Automotive

TRW Automotive, headquartered in Livonia, Michiganhttp://www.hoovers.com/company-information/cs/company-profile.TRW_AUTOMOTIVE_HOLDINGS_CORP.06911874d79b0070.html was an American global supplier of automotive systems, modules, and components to automotive original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and related aftermarkets.

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TRW Inc.

TRW Inc. was an American corporation involved in a variety of businesses, mainly aerospace, automotive, and credit reporting.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States Army

The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

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United States Department of Defense

The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.

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United States Navy

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.

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Vauxhall Motors

Vauxhall Motors LimitedCompany No.

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A vehicle (from vehiculum) is a machine that transports people or cargo.

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Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.

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Volkswagen, shortened to VW, is a German automaker founded on 28 May 1937 by the German Labour Front under Adolf Hitler and headquartered in Wolfsburg.

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Volkswagen Golf Mk4

The Volkswagen Golf Mk4 (or VW Type 1J) is a compact car, the fourth generation of the Volkswagen Golf and the successor to the Volkswagen Golf Mk3. Launched in October 1997, it was the best selling car in Europe in 2001 (though it slipped to second place, behind the Peugeot 206, in 2002). The Mk4 was a deliberate attempt to take the Volkswagen Golf series further upmarket, with a high-quality interior and higher equipment levels. It was replaced in 2004 by the Volkswagen Golf Mk5 in European Markets. However, manufacturing continued in South America, Mexico and China for developing markets until 2010. The Mk4 was sold in Japan, but starting with this generation and subsequent generations, it no longer complied with Japanese Government dimension regulations which affected sales, imposing an annual tax on Japanese consumers for owning a vehicle that exceeded the maximum width limit.

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Volkswagen Polo Mk5

The Volkswagen Polo Mk5 is the fifth generation of the Volkswagen Polo supermini-class car, launched by Volkswagen in March 2009.

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The Volvo Group (Volvokoncernen; legally Aktiebolaget Volvo, shortened to AB Volvo) (stylized as VOLVO) is a Swedish multinational manufacturing company headquartered in Gothenburg.

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Volvo 850

The Volvo 850 is a compact executive car that was produced by the Swedish manufacturer Volvo Cars from 1991 to 1997.

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Volvo C70

The Volvo C70 is a two-door, four-passenger compact manufactured and marketed by Volvo Cars from 1996 to 2013 across two generations.

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Volvo S80

The Volvo S80 is an executive car produced by the Swedish manufacturer Volvo Cars from 1998 to 2016 across two generations.

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Volvo V40 (P1)

The Volvo V40 is a small family car manufactured and marketed by Volvo Cars since 2012.

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West Germany

West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.

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Wheel speed sensor

A wheel speed sensor or vehicle speed sensor (VSS) is a type of tachometer.

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The windshield (North America) or windscreen (Commonwealth English) of an aircraft, car, bus, motorbike or tram is the front window.

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World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations

The World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations is a working party (WP.29) of the Sustainable Transport Division of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).

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5-Aminotetrazole is an organic compound with the formula HN4CNH2.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Airbag

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