201 relations: Aérospatiale, Aer Lingus, Aerial refueling, Aerolíneas Argentinas, Afriqiyah Airways Flight 771, Air Caraïbes, Air China, Air data inertial reference unit, Air France, Air France Flight 447, Air Inter, Air Transat Flight 236, Airbus, Airbus A300, Airbus A310, Airbus A320 family, Airbus A330 MRTT, Airbus A330neo, Airbus A340, Airbus A350 XWB, Airbus A380, Airbus Beluga, Airbus Beluga XL, Airbus Industrie Flight 129, Aircraft engine, Aircraft flight control system, Aircraft hijacking, Airframe, Aspect ratio (aeronautics), Australian Transport Safety Bureau, Autopilot, Auxiliary power unit, Aviation accidents and incidents, Azores, BAE Systems, Bandaranaike Airport attack, Bangkok, Boeing 707, Boeing 747, Boeing 767, Boeing 777, Boeing 787 Dreamliner, Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker, Boeing KC-46 Pegasus, Boeing KC-767, Bremen, Brian H. Rowe, Bristol Filton Airport, British Aerospace, Broughton, Flintshire, ..., Business class, Business jet, Canada 3000, Cantilever, Cargo aircraft, Cathay Dragon, Cathay Pacific, Cathay Pacific Flight 780, Ceiling (aeronautics), Center of gravity of an aircraft, China Eastern Airlines, China Southern Airlines, Chord (aeronautics), CIT Group, Clément Ader, Climb (aeronautics), Colomiers, Competition between Airbus and Boeing, Composite material, Corsair International, Delamination, Delta Air Lines, Deutsche Mark, Douglas DC-8, EADS/Northrop Grumman KC-45, Economy class, EgyptAir Cargo, Electronic centralised aircraft monitor, Electronic flight instrument system, Engine Alliance GP7000, Etihad Airways, ETOPS, European Aviation Safety Agency, Exhaust mixer, Farnborough Airshow, Federal Aviation Administration, Fernando de Noronha, Filton, Flameout, Flight deck, Flight envelope, Flight Safety Foundation, Flightglobal, Fly-by-wire, Franz Josef Strauss, French Bee, French franc, Fuel economy in aircraft, Fuel efficiency, Fuselage, GE Aviation, General Electric CF6, General Electric GE90, Glass cockpit, Goodrich Corporation, Hamburg, Hatfield Aerodrome, Hispano-Suiza, Ho Chi Minh City, Hull loss, Hydraulic pump, Ilyushin Il-96, Integrated circuit, International Aero Engines, International Lease Finance Corporation, Jet airliner, John Leahy (executive), Joint Aviation Authorities, Juanda International Airport, KC-X, Korean Air, Laminar flow, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, List of civil aircraft, List of jet airliners, Lockheed L-1011 TriStar, Longest flights, Lufthansa, Mach number, Maiden flight, Malaysia Airlines, Marseille, Maximum landing weight, Maximum takeoff weight, McDonnell Douglas DC-10, McDonnell Douglas MD-11, Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm, Northrop Grumman, Northwest Airlines, Northwest Airlines Flight 253, Nozzle, O. R. Tambo International Airport, Oil filter, Operating empty weight, Option (aircraft purchasing), Orly Airport, Oxalyl chloride, Paris Air Show, Philippine Airlines Flight 812, Pitot tube, Polaris Award, Pound sterling, Pratt & Whitney, Pratt & Whitney PW4000, Princeton University, Qantas Flight 72, RAAF Base Learmonth, Range (aeronautics), Rio de Janeiro, Rolls-Royce Holdings, Rolls-Royce Trent 500, Rolls-Royce Trent 700, Rolls-Royce Trent 7000, Rudder, Sabena, Safran Landing Systems, Saudia, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, Seoul, Side-stick, Singapore Airlines, Singapore Changi Airport, SriLankan Airlines, ST Aerospace, Stall (fluid mechanics), Surabaya, Swissair, Taipei, Thai Airways, Thales Group, Thrust reversal, Thrust specific fuel consumption, Torque, Toulouse–Blagnac Airport, Transmission (mechanics), Travel class, Trijet, Tripoli International Airport, Turbofan, Turkish Airlines, Twinjet, Unit load device, Varel, Variable-camber wing, Vertical stabilizer, Weight, Weser, Wide-body aircraft, Wingspan, Wingtip device, Yoke (aeronautics). Expand index (151 more) » « Shrink index
Aérospatiale, sometimes styled Aerospatiale, was a French state-owned aerospace manufacturer that built both civilian and military aircraft, rockets and satellites.
Aer Lingus (an anglicisation of the Irish aerloingeas meaning "air fleet") is the flag carrier airline of Ireland and the second-largest airline in the country.
Aerial refueling, also referred to as air refueling, in-flight refueling (IFR), air-to-air refueling (AAR), and tanking, is the process of transferring aviation fuel from one military aircraft (the tanker) to another (the receiver) during flight.
Aerolíneas Argentinas (Argentine Airlines), formally Aerolíneas Argentinas S.A., is Argentina's largest airline and the country flag carrier.
Afriqiyah Airways Flight 771 was a scheduled international Afriqiyah Airways passenger flight that crashed on 12 May 2010 at about 06:01 local time (04:01 UTC) on approach to Tripoli International Airport.
Air Caraïbes is a French airline and is the regional airline of the French Caribbean which comprises two overseas departments of France: Guadeloupe and Martinique.
Air China Limited is the flag carrier and one of the major airlines of the People's Republic of China, with its headquarters in Shunyi District, Beijing.
An air data inertial reference unit (ADIRU) is a key component of the integrated air data inertial reference system (ADIRS), which supplies air data (airspeed, angle of attack and altitude) and inertial reference (position and attitude) information to the pilots' electronic flight instrument system displays as well as other systems on the aircraft such as the engines, autopilot, aircraft flight control system and landing gear systems.
Air France (formally Société Air France, S.A.), stylized as AIRFRANCE, is the French flag carrier headquartered in Tremblay-en-France.
Air France Flight 447 (AF447/AFR447) was a scheduled passenger international flight from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to Paris, France, which crashed on 1 June 2009.
Air Inter (Lignes Aériennes Intérieures) was a semi-public French domestic airline.
Air Transat Flight 236 was a transatlantic flight bound for Lisbon, Portugal, from Toronto, Canada, that lost all engine power while flying over the Atlantic Ocean on August 24, 2001.
Airbus SE is a European corporation, registered in the Netherlands and trading shares in France, Germany and Spain.
The Airbus A300 is a wide-body twin-engine jet airliner that was developed and manufactured by Airbus.
The Airbus A310 is a medium- to long-range twin-engined wide-body jet airliner that was developed and manufactured by Airbus, then a consortium of European aerospace manufacturers.
The Airbus A320 family consists of short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger twin-engine jet airliners manufactured by Airbus.
The Airbus A330 Multi Role Tanker Transport (MRTT) is an aerial refuelling tanker aircraft based on the civilian Airbus A330.
The Airbus A330neo ("neo" for "New Engine Option") is a wide-body jet airliner currently under development by Airbus from the Airbus A330 (now A330ceo – "Current Engine Option").
The Airbus A340 is a long-range, four-engine, wide-body commercial passenger jet airliner that was developed and produced by the European aerospace company Airbus.
The Airbus A350 XWB is a family of long-range, twin-engine wide-body jet airliners developed by European aerospace manufacturer Airbus.
The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner manufactured by multi-national manufacturer Airbus.
The Airbus A300-600ST (Super Transporter) or Beluga, is a version of the standard A300-600 wide-body airliner modified to carry aircraft parts and oversized cargo.
The Airbus Beluga XL (Airbus A330-700L) is a large transport aircraft due to enter into service in 2019.
Airbus Industrie Flight 129 was an Airbus Industrie A330-321 test flight that ended in a crash on at Toulouse-Blagnac Airport, killing all seven people aboard.
An aircraft engine is the component of the propulsion system for an aircraft that generates mechanical power.
A conventional fixed-wing aircraft flight control system consists of flight control surfaces, the respective cockpit controls, connecting linkages, and the necessary operating mechanisms to control an aircraft's direction in flight.
Aircraft hijacking (also air piracy or aircraft piracy, especially within the special aircraft jurisdiction of the United States and in the US state of Mississippi, and as skyjacking in some nations) is the unlawful seizure of an aircraft by an individual or a group.
The airframe of an aircraft is its mechanical structure.
In aeronautics, the aspect ratio of a wing is the ratio of its span to its mean chord.
The Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB) is Australia’s national transport safety investigator.
An autopilot is a system used to control the trajectory of an aircraft without constant 'hands-on' control by a human operator being required.
An auxiliary power unit (APU) is a device on a vehicle that provides energy for functions other than propulsion.
An aviation accident is defined by the Convention on International Civil Aviation Annex 13 as an occurrence associated with the operation of an aircraft, which takes place between the time any person boards the aircraft with the intention of flight until all such persons have disembarked, where a person is fatally or seriously injured, the aircraft sustains damage or structural failure or the aircraft is missing or is completely inaccessible.
The Azores (or; Açores), officially the Autonomous Region of the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal.
BAE Systems plc is a British multinational defence, security, and aerospace company.
The Bandaranaike Airport attack was an assault by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) on Bandaranaike International Airport, on July 24, 2001.
Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of Thailand.
The Boeing 707 is a mid-sized, long-range, narrow-body, four-engine jet airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes from 1958 to 1979.
The Boeing 747 is an American wide-body commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft, often referred to by its original nickname, "Jumbo Jet".
The Boeing 767 is a mid- to large-size, mid- to long-range, wide-body twin-engine jet airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing 777 is a family of long-range wide-body twin-engine jet airliners developed and manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is an American long-haul, mid-size widebody, twin-engine jet airliner made by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker is a military aerial refueling aircraft.
The Boeing KC-46 Pegasus is a military aerial refueling and strategic military transport aircraft developed by Boeing from its 767 jet airliner.
The Boeing KC-767 is a military aerial refueling and strategic transport aircraft developed from the Boeing 767-200ER.
The City Municipality of Bremen (Stadtgemeinde Bremen) is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany, which belongs to the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (also called just "Bremen" for short), a federal state of Germany.
Brian H. Rowe (1931 – February 22, 2007) was a British-born American engineer, chief executive officer of General Electric Aviation, a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society and a fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
Filton Airport or Filton Aerodrome was a private airport on the border between Filton and Patchway, within South Gloucestershire, north of Bristol, England.
British Aerospace plc (BAe) was a British aircraft, munitions and defence-systems manufacturer.
Broughton (Brychdyn) is a district in Flintshire, Wales, close to the Wales–England border, located to the west of the City of Chester, England, in the community of Broughton and Bretton.
Business class is a travel class available on many commercial airlines and rail lines, known by brand names which vary, by airline or rail company.
A business jet, private jet, or bizjet, or simply B.J., is a jet aircraft designed for transporting small groups of people.
Canada 3000 Inc. was a Canadian discount charter airline offering domestic and international flights.
A cantilever is a rigid structural element, such as a beam or a plate, anchored at one end to a (usually vertical) support from which it protrudes; this connection could also be perpendicular to a flat, vertical surface such as a wall.
A cargo aircraft (also known as freight aircraft, freighter, airlifter or cargo jet) is a fixed-wing aircraft that is designed or converted for the carriage of cargo rather than passengers.
Hong Kong Dragon Airlines Ltd (Chinese: 港龍航空公司), operating brand as Cathay Dragon (Chinese: 國泰港龍航空) and previously as Dragonair, is a Hong Kong-based international regional airline, with its corporate headquarters, Cathay Dragon House, and main hub at Hong Kong International Airport.
Cathay Pacific Airways Limited is the flag carrier of Hong Kong, with its head office and main hub located at Hong Kong International Airport.
Cathay Pacific Flight 780 was a flight from Surabaya Juanda International Airport in Indonesia to Hong Kong International Airport on 13 April 2010.
With respect to aircraft performance, a ceiling is the maximum density altitude an aircraft can reach under a set of conditions, as determined by its flight envelope.
The center of gravity (CG) of an aircraft is the point over which the aircraft would balance.
China Eastern Airlines Corporation Limited (colloquially known as 东航/東航) is an airline headquartered in the China Eastern Airlines Building, on the grounds of Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport in Changning District, Shanghai.
China Southern Airlines Company Limited is an airline headquartered in Baiyun District, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. Established on 1 July 1988 following the restructuring of the Civil Aviation Administration of China that acquired and merged a number of domestic airlines, the airline became one of China's "Big Three" airlines (alongside Air China and China Eastern Airlines), the world's sixth-largest airline measured by passengers carried and Asia's largest airline in fleet size, revenue and passengers carried. With its main hubs at Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport and Beijing Capital International Airport, the airline operates more than 2,000 flights to 208 destinations daily as a member of SkyTeam. The logo of the airline consists of a kapok flower (which is also the city flower of Guangzhou) on a blue tail fin. The parent company of China Southern Airlines Company Limited is China Southern Air Holding Company, a state-owned enterprise that was supervised by the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council.
In aeronautics, chord refers to the imaginary straight line joining the leading and trailing edges of an aerofoil.
CIT Group Inc. is a financial holding company incorporated in Delaware and headquartered in Pasadena, CA.
Clément Ader (2 April 1841 – 3 May 1925) was a French inventor and engineer who was born in Muret, Haute-Garonne (a distant suburb of Toulouse), and died in Toulouse.
An Embraer ERJ 145 climbing In aviation, a climb is the operation of increasing the altitude of an aircraft.
Colomiers is a commune in the Haute-Garonne department in southwestern France.
The competition between Airbus and Boeing has been characterised as a duopoly in the large jet airliner market since the 1990s.
A composite material (also called a composition material or shortened to composite, which is the common name) is a material made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties that, when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components.
Corsair International, legally Corsair S.A., is a French airline headquartered in Rungis and based at Paris-Orly Airport.
Delamination is a mode of failure for composite materials and steel.
Delta Air Lines, Inc., commonly referred to as Delta, is a major United States airline, with its headquarters and largest hub at Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport in Atlanta, Georgia.
The Deutsche Mark ("German mark"), abbreviated "DM" or, was the official currency of West Germany from 1948 until 1990 and later the unified Germany from 1990 until 2002.
The Douglas DC-8 (also known as the McDonnell Douglas DC-8) is an American four-engine long-range narrow-body jet airliner built from 1958 to 1972 by the Douglas Aircraft Company.
The EADS/Northrop Grumman KC-45 was a proposed aerial refueling tanker aircraft based on the Airbus A330 MRTT.
Economy class, also called coach class, steerage, standard class or (slang) cattle class, is the lowest travel class of seating in air travel, rail travel, and sometimes ferry or maritime travel.
EgyptAir Cargo is the cargo division of the Egyptian national airline EgyptAir.
An electronic centralised aircraft monitor (ECAM) is a system that monitors aircraft functions and relays them to the pilots.
An electronic flight instrument system (EFIS) is a flight deck instrument display system that displays flight data electronically rather than electromechanically.
The Engine Alliance GP7000 is a turbofan jet engine manufactured by Engine Alliance, a joint venture between General Electric and Pratt & Whitney.
Etihad Airways (Arabic شركة الاتحاد للطيران sharikat alittiḥād liṭṭayarān) is a flag carrier and the second-largest airline of the United Arab Emirates (after Emirates).
ETOPS is an aviation acronym for Extended Operations.
The European Aviation Safety Agency or EASA is an agency of the European Union with responsibility for civil aviation safety.
In aviation, exhaust mixer is a feature of many turbofan engines, where the bypass (cold/slow) air is mixed with the core (hot/fast) exhaust gases, before exhausting to atmospheric pressure through a common (mixed flow) propelling nozzle.
The Farnborough International Airshow is a week-long, biennial event that combines a major trade exhibition for the aerospace and defence industries with a public airshow.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.
Fernando de Noronha is an archipelago of 21 islands and islets in the Atlantic Ocean, offshore from the Brazilian coast.
Filton is a large suburban town and civil parish in South Gloucestershire, England, north of the City of Bristol and approximately from the city centre.
In aviation a flameout refers to the run-down of a jet engine caused by the extinction of the flame in the combustion chamber.
The flight deck of an aircraft carrier is the surface from which its aircraft take off and land, essentially a miniature airfield at sea.
In aerodynamics, the flight envelope, service envelope, or performance envelope of an aircraft or interplanetary spacecraft refers to the capabilities of a design in terms of airspeed and load factor or atmospheric density, often simplified to altitude for Earth-borne aircraft.
The Flight Safety Foundation is an independent, nonprofit, international organization concerning research, education, advocacy and publishing in the field of aviation safety.
Flightglobal is an online news and information website which covers the aviation and aerospace industries.
Fly-by-wire (FBW) is a system that replaces the conventional manual flight controls of an aircraft with an electronic interface.
Franz Josef Strauss (6 September 1915 – 3 October 1988) was a German politician.
French Bee, stylized as Frenchbee, and formerly French Blue, is a French low-cost, long-haul airline based at Paris Orly Airport.
The franc (sign: F or Fr), also commonly distinguished as the (FF), was a currency of France.
Fuel economy in aircraft is a measure of how much fuel an aircraft, or a fleet of aircraft of mixed types, needs to operate in relation to a service provided (i.e. number of passengers or ton of freight) and the distance between points of travel.
Fuel efficiency is a form of thermal efficiency, meaning the ratio from effort to result of a process that converts chemical potential energy contained in a carrier (fuel) into kinetic energy or work.
The fuselage (from the French fuselé "spindle-shaped") is an aircraft's main body section.
GE Aviation, a subsidiary of General Electric, is headquartered in Evendale, Ohio, outside Cincinnati.
The General Electric CF6 is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines produced by GE Aviation.
The General Electric GE90 is a family of high-bypass turbofan aircraft engines built by GE Aviation for the Boeing 777, with thrust ratings from.
A glass cockpit is an aircraft cockpit that features electronic (digital) flight instrument displays, typically large LCD screens, rather than the traditional style of analog dials and gauges.
The Goodrich Corporation, formerly the B.F. Goodrich Company, was an American aerospace manufacturing company based in Charlotte, North Carolina.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Hatfield Aerodrome,, was a private airfield and aircraft factory located in the town of Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England from 1930 until its closure and redevelopment in the 1990s.
Hispano-Suiza (English: Hispanic-Swiss) was a Spanish automotive/engineering company and, after World War II, a French aviation engine and components manufacturer.
Ho Chi Minh City (Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh; or; formerly Hô-Chi-Minh-Ville), also widely known by its former name of Saigon (Sài Gòn; or), is the largest city in Vietnam by population.
A hull loss is an aviation accident that damages the aircraft beyond economical repair, resulting in a write-off.
Hydraulic pumps are used in hydraulic drive systems and can be hydrostatic or hydrodynamic.
The Ilyushin Il-96 (Илью́шин Ил-96) is a Russian four-engined long-haul wide-body airliner designed by Ilyushin in the former Soviet Union and manufactured by the Voronezh Aircraft Production Association in Russia.
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.
IAE International Aero Engines AG is a Zürich-registered joint venture manufacturing company founded in 1983 to develop an aircraft engine to address the 150-seat single aisle aircraft market.
The International Lease Finance Corporation (ILFC) was an aircraft lessor headquartered in the Constellation Place in Century City, Los Angeles, California.
A jet airliner (or jetliner) is an airliner powered by jet engines (passenger jet aircraft).
John Leahy (born August 1950) is an American businessman.
The Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA) was an associated body of the ECAC representing the civil aviation regulatory authorities of a number of European States who had agreed to co-operate in developing and implementing common safety regulatory standards and procedures.
Juanda International Airport (JIA) (Bandar Udara Internasional Juanda), is an international airport located in Sedati, Sidoarjo.
KC-X is the United States Air Force (USAF) program to procure its next-generation aerial refueling tanker aircraft to replace some of the older Boeing KC-135 Stratotankers.
Korean Air Lines Co., Ltd., operating as Korean Air, is the largest airline and flag carrier of South Korea based on fleet size, international destinations and international flights.
In fluid dynamics, laminar flow (or streamline flow) occurs when a fluid flows in parallel layers, with no disruption between the layers.
The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (translit, translit, commonly known as the LTTE or the Tamil Tigers) was a Tamil militant organization that was based in northeastern Sri Lanka.
List of civil aircraft is a list of articles on civilian aircraft with descriptions, which excludes aircraft operated by military organizations in civil markings, warbirds, warbirds used for racing, replica warbirds and research aircraft.
The following is the list of purpose-built passenger jet airliners.
The Lockheed L-1011 TriStar, commonly referred to as the L-1011 (pronounced "L-ten-eleven") or TriStar, is a medium-to-long-range, wide-body trijet airliner by Lockheed Corporation.
Over time, different airline companies have established a number of ultra-long haul non-stop flights.
Deutsche Lufthansa AG, commonly known as Lufthansa (sometimes also as Lufthansa German Airlines), is the largest German airline and, when combined with its subsidiaries, also the largest airline in Europe both in terms of fleet size and passengers carried during 2017.
In fluid dynamics, the Mach number (M or Ma) is a dimensionless quantity representing the ratio of flow velocity past a boundary to the local speed of sound.
The maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground under its own power.
Malaysia Airlines Berhad (MAB) (Penerbangan Malaysia Berhad), formerly known as Malaysian Airline System Berhad (MAS), branded as Malaysia Airlines, is an airline operating flights from Kuala Lumpur International Airport and from secondary hubs in Kota Kinabalu and Kuching to destinations throughout Asia, Oceania and Europe.
Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.
The maximum landing weight (MLW) is the maximum aircraft gross weight due to design or operational limitations at which an aircraft is permitted to land.
The maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) or maximum gross takeoff weight (MGTOW) or maximum takeoff mass (MTOM) of an aircraft is the maximum weight at which the pilot is allowed to attempt to take off, due to structural or other limits.
The McDonnell Douglas DC-10 is a three-engine wide-body jet airliner manufactured by McDonnell Douglas.
The McDonnell Douglas MD-11 is an American three-engine medium- to long-range wide-body jet airliner, manufactured by McDonnell Douglas and, later, by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (MBB) was a German aerospace manufacturer formed as the result of several mergers in the late 1960s.
Northrop Grumman Corporation is an American global aerospace and defense technology company formed by Northrop's 1994 purchase of Grumman.
Northwest Airlines Corp. (often abbreviated as NWA and stylized as nwa) was a major United States airline founded in 1926 and absorbed into Delta Air Lines, Inc. by a merger.
Northwest Airlines Flight 253 was an international passenger flight from Amsterdam Airport Schiphol in Haarlemmermeer, Netherlands, to Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport in Romulus, Michigan, United States.
A nozzle is a device designed to control the direction or characteristics of a fluid flow (especially to increase velocity) as it exits (or enters) an enclosed chamber or pipe.
An oil filter is a filter designed to remove contaminants from engine oil, transmission oil, lubricating oil, or hydraulic oil.
Operating empty weight (OEW) or Basic Operating Weight or Empty Operating Weight is the standard basic weight for any particular series or any particular configuration.
An option, when purchasing aircraft, allows an airline to purchase additional aircraft in the future at an agreed price and date.
Paris Orly Airport (Aéroport de Paris-Orly), commonly referred to as Orly, is an international airport located partially in Orly and partially in Villeneuve-le-Roi, south of Paris, France.
Oxalyl chloride is a chemical compound with the formula (COCl)2.
The Paris Air Show (Salon international de l'aéronautique et de l'espace de Paris-Le Bourget, Salon du Bourget) is the largest Air Show before UK's Farnborough, followed by Dubai Air Show or Singapore Airshow.
Philippine Airlines Flight 812 was a scheduled passenger flight from Francisco Bangoy International Airport in Davao City to Ninoy Aquino International Airport near Manila.
A Pitot tube, also known as Pitot probe, is a flow measurement device used to measure fluid flow velocity.
The Polaris Award is the highest decoration associated with civil aviation, awarded by the International Federation of Air Line Pilots' Associations (IFALPA) to airline crews in recognition for acts of exceptional airmanship, heroic action or a combination of these two attributes.
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.
Pratt & Whitney is an American aerospace manufacturer with global service operations.
The Pratt & Whitney PW4000 is a family of high-bypass turbofan aircraft engines with certified thrust ranging from 52,000 to 99,040 lbf (230 to 441 kN).
Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey.
Qantas Flight 72 (QF72) was a scheduled flight from Singapore Changi Airport to Perth Airport on 7 October 2008 that made an emergency landing at Learmonth airport near the town of Exmouth, Western Australia following an inflight accident featuring a pair of sudden uncommanded pitch-down manoeuvres that severely injured many of the passengers and crew.
RAAF Base Learmonth, also known as Learmonth Airport, is a joint use Royal Australian Air Force base and civil airport.
The maximal total range is the maximum distance an aircraft can fly between takeoff and landing, as limited by fuel capacity in powered aircraft, or cross-country speed and environmental conditions in unpowered aircraft.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
Rolls-Royce Holdings plc is a British multinational public limited company incorporated in February 2011 that owns Rolls-Royce, a business established in 1904 which today designs, manufactures and distributes power systems for aviation and other industries.
The Rolls-Royce Trent 500 is a high-bypass turbofan aircraft engine, developed from the Rolls-Royce RB211 and is a member of the Trent family of engines.
The Rolls-Royce Trent 700 is a three spool high bypass turbofan aircraft engine, developed from the RB211, and is the first variant of the family of Trent engines.
The Rolls-Royce Trent 7000 is the seventh iteration of the Trent family of large turbofan jet engines and is the exclusive engine for the Airbus A330neo.
A rudder is a primary control surface used to steer a ship, boat, submarine, hovercraft, aircraft, or other conveyance that moves through a fluid medium (generally air or water).
The Societé Anonyme Belge d'Exploitation de la Navigation Aérienne, (French; "Belgian Corporation for Air Navigation Services"), better known internationally by the acronym Sabena or SABENA, was the national airline of Belgium from 1923 to 2001, with its base at Brussels National Airport.
Safran Landing Systems (formerly Messier-Bugatti-Dowty) is a French company involved in the design, development, manufacture and customer support of all types of aircraft landing gear, wheels and brakes and a wholly owned subsidiary of Safran SA.
Saudia (السعودية), also known as Saudi Arabian Airlines (الخطوط الجوية العربية السعودية), is the national carrier airline of Saudi Arabia, based in Jeddah.
The Seattle Post-Intelligencer (popularly known as the Seattle P-I, the Post-Intelligencer, or simply the P-I) is an online newspaper and former print newspaper based in Seattle, Washington, United States.
Seoul (like soul; 서울), officially the Seoul Special Metropolitan City – is the capital, Constitutional Court of Korea and largest metropolis of South Korea.
A side-stick or sidestick controller is an aircraft control column (or joystick) that is located on the side console of the pilot, usually on the righthand side, or outboard on a two-seat flightdeck.
Singapore Airlines Limited (SIA) is the flag carrier airline of Singapore with its hub at Singapore Changi Airport.
Singapore Changi Airport, or simply Changi Airport, is the major civilian airport for Singapore, and one of the largest transportation hubs in Southeast Asia.
SriLankan Airlines (marketed as SriLankan) is the flag carrier of Sri Lanka and a member of the Oneworld airline alliance.
Singapore Technologies Aerospace (ST Aerospace) is a subsidiary of ST Engineering headquartered in Singapore, with international offices and facilities located in key aviation hubs in Asia Pacific, Europe and the US.
In fluid dynamics, a stall is a reduction in the lift coefficient generated by a foil as angle of attack increases.
Surabaya (formerly Dutch: Soerabaia and later Surabaja) is a port city and the capital of East Java (Jawa Timur) province of Indonesia.
Swissair AG/S.A. (German: Schweizerische Luftverkehr-AG; French: S.A. Suisse pour la Navigation Aérienne) was the national airline of Switzerland between its founding in 1931 and bankruptcy in 2002.
Taipei, officially known as Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China, "ROC").
Thai Airways International Public Company Limited, trading as THAI (บริษัท การบินไทย จำกัด (มหาชน)) is the flag carrier airline of Thailand.
Thales Group is a French multinational company that designs and builds electrical systems and provides services for the aerospace, defence, transportation and security markets.
Thrust reversal, also called reverse thrust, is the temporary diversion of an aircraft engine's thrust so that it is directed forward, rather than backward.
Thrust-specific fuel consumption (TSFC) is the fuel efficiency of an engine design with respect to thrust output.
Torque, moment, or moment of force is rotational force.
Toulouse Blagnac Airport (French: Aéroport de Toulouse–Blagnac) is an international airport located west northwest of Toulouse, and partially in Blagnac, both communes of the Haute-Garonne department in the Occitanie region of France.
A transmission is a machine in a power transmission system, which provides controlled application of the power.
A travel class is a quality of accommodation on public transport.
A trijet is a jet aircraft powered by three jet engines.
Tripoli International Airport (Arabic: مطار طرابلس العالمي) is an international airport built to serve the capital city of Libya.
The turbofan or fanjet is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used in aircraft propulsion.
Turkish Airlines (Turkish: Türk Hava Yolları) is the national flag carrier airline of Turkey.
A twinjet or twin-engine jet is a jet aircraft powered by two engines.
A unit load device (ULD) is a pallet or container used to load luggage, freight, and mail on wide-body aircraft and specific narrow-body aircraft.
Varel is a town in the district of Friesland, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Variable camber is a feature of some of aircraft wings that changes the camber (or curvature) of the main aerofoil during flight.
The vertical stabilizers, vertical stabilisers, or fins, of aircraft, missiles or bombs are typically found on the aft end of the fuselage or body, and are intended to reduce aerodynamic side slip and provide direction stability.
In science and engineering, the weight of an object is related to the amount of force acting on the object, either due to gravity or to a reaction force that holds it in place.
The Weser is a river in Northwestern Germany.
A wide-body aircraft is a jet airliner with a fuselage wide enough to accommodate two passenger aisles, also known as twin-aisle aircraft, with seven or more seats abreast.
The wingspan (or just span) of a bird or an airplane is the distance from one wingtip to the other wingtip.
Wingtip devices are intended to improve the efficiency of fixed-wing aircraft by reducing drag.
A yoke, alternatively known as a control wheel is a device used for piloting some fixed-wing aircraft.
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