307 relations: Aérospatiale, Addis Ababa Bole International Airport, Aftermarket (merchandise), Agence France-Presse, Ahmed bin Saeed Al Maktoum, Aileron, Air Austral, Air charter, Air Force One, Air France, Air France Flight 66, Air transports of heads of state and government, Airbus, Airbus A310, Airbus A320 family, Airbus A330, Airbus A340, Airbus A350 XWB, Airbus A380, Airbus Beluga, Airbus Corporate Jets, Aircraft boneyard, Aircraft cabin, Aircraft lease, Aircraft maintenance, Aircraft maintenance checks, Aircraft recycling, Aircraft registration, Airframe, Airlines of Africa, Airworthiness Directive, Alloy, Altitude, Aluminum building wiring, Antonov An-225 Mriya, Arbitrariness, Asiana Airlines, Aspect ratio (aeronautics), Auckland Airport, Australian Transport Safety Bureau, Auxiliary power unit, Availability, Available seat miles, Aviation accidents and incidents, Aviation Safety Network, Aviation Week & Space Technology, Avionics Full-Duplex Switched Ethernet, Barge, Batam, BBC News, ..., Boeing, Boeing 747, Boeing 747-400, Boeing 747-8, Boeing 777, Boeing 777X, Boeing 787 Dreamliner, Boeing Business Jet, Boeing Commercial Airplanes, Boeing New Large Airplane, Boeing VC-25, Bordeaux, Break-even, Bristol, British Aerospace, British Airways, Broughton, Flintshire, Business case, Business jet, Camber (aerodynamics), Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, Cargo aircraft, Cathay Pacific, CATIA, Cádiz, Ceiling (aeronautics), CFB Goose Bay, Change control, Charles Champion, Charles de Gaulle Airport, Chief executive officer, Chief financial officer, China Southern Airlines, Christian Streiff, Civil Aviation Authority (United Kingdom), Competition between Airbus and Boeing, Composite material, Configuration management, Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA, Copenhagen, Cruise (aeronautics), Cruise ship, DASA, Dassault Rafale, Debt, Department for Transport, Der Spiegel, Diehl Aerospace, Double-deck aircraft, Downtime, Dr. Peters, Dresden, Dubai, Dubai Airshow, Dubai International Airport, Duplex (telecommunications), Duty-free shop, EADS CASA, Economy class, El Dorado International Airport, Elevator (aeronautics), Emergency landing, Emergency oxygen system, Emirates (airline), Engine Alliance, Engine Alliance GP7000, Ethernet over twisted pair, Etihad Airways, Eurocontrol, European Aviation Safety Agency, European Civil Aviation Conference, Fabrice Brégier, Fairfax, Virginia, Farnborough Airshow, Fast Ethernet, Federal Aviation Administration, FedEx, Fiberglass, Flight management system, Flight test, Flightglobal, Fly-by-wire, Focus group, Fodor's, Forecasting, Foreign object damage, France, Fraunhofer Society, Fuel economy in aircraft, Fuel efficiency, Fuselage, Gate (airport), General Electric, General Electric GE90, Germany, GLARE, Glass cockpit, Graphical user interface, Ground pressure, Guangzhou, Gustav Humbert, Hajj, Hamad International Airport, Hamburg, Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport, Heat exchanger, Heathrow Airport, Herald Sun, Hi Fly (airline), High-intensity discharge lamp, Hull loss, Hydraulics, In-flight entertainment, Integrated modular avionics, Internal rate of return, International Airlines Group, International Civil Aviation Organization, International Lease Finance Corporation, Iqaluit, Iran Air, Istanbul, Itinéraire à Grand Gabarit, Jacques Rosay, Jet airliner, John F. 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Aérospatiale, sometimes styled Aerospatiale, was a French state-owned aerospace manufacturer that built both civilian and military aircraft, rockets and satellites.
Addis Ababa Bole International Airport based the city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
In many economic literature, the term "aftermarket" refers to a secondary market for the goods and services that are 1) complementary or 2) related to its primary market goods (original equipment). Thus, in many industries, the primary market consists of durable goods, whereas the aftermarket consists of consumable or non-durable products or services. Accordingly, the "aftermarket goods" mainly include products and services for replacement parts, upgrade, maintenance and enhancement of the use of its original equipment.
Agence France-Presse (AFP) is an international news agency headquartered in Paris, France.
Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed Al Maktoum (أحمد بن سعيد آل مكتوم; born 1 December 1958) is president of the Dubai Civil Aviation Authority, CEO and chairman of the Emirates Group, chairman of Dubai World, and Noor Takaful insurance company.
An aileron (French for "little wing" or "fin") is a hinged flight control surface usually forming part of the trailing edge of each wing of a fixed-wing aircraft.
Air Austral is a French airline with its headquarters at Roland Garros Airport in Sainte-Marie, Réunion, France.
Air charter is the business of renting an entire aircraft (i.e., chartering) as opposed to individual aircraft seats (i.e., purchasing a ticket through a traditional airline).
Air Force One is the official air traffic control call sign for a United States Air Force aircraft carrying the President of the United States.
Air France (formally Société Air France, S.A.), stylized as AIRFRANCE, is the French flag carrier headquartered in Tremblay-en-France.
Air France Flight 66 (AF066) is a scheduled international passenger flight from Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport to Los Angeles International Airport, operated by Air France using an Airbus A380-861.
Air transports for heads of state and government are, in many countries, provided by the air force in specially equipped airliners or business jets.
Airbus SE is a European corporation, registered in the Netherlands and trading shares in France, Germany and Spain.
The Airbus A310 is a medium- to long-range twin-engined wide-body jet airliner that was developed and manufactured by Airbus, then a consortium of European aerospace manufacturers.
The Airbus A320 family consists of short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger twin-engine jet airliners manufactured by Airbus.
The Airbus A330 is a medium- to long-range wide-body twin-engine jet airliner made by Airbus.
The Airbus A340 is a long-range, four-engine, wide-body commercial passenger jet airliner that was developed and produced by the European aerospace company Airbus.
The Airbus A350 XWB is a family of long-range, twin-engine wide-body jet airliners developed by European aerospace manufacturer Airbus.
The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner manufactured by multi-national manufacturer Airbus.
The Airbus A300-600ST (Super Transporter) or Beluga, is a version of the standard A300-600 wide-body airliner modified to carry aircraft parts and oversized cargo.
Airbus Corporate Jets, a business unit of Airbus SAS and part of Airbus, markets and completes corporate jet variants from the parent's airliner range.
An aircraft boneyard, or aircraft graveyard in British English, is a storage area for aircraft that are retired from service.
An aircraft cabin is the section of an aircraft in which passengers travel.
Aircraft leases are leases used by airlines and other aircraft operators.
Aircraft maintenance is the overhaul, repair, inspection or modification of an aircraft or aircraft component.
Aircraft maintenance checks are periodic inspections that have to be done on all commercial/civil aircraft after a certain amount of time or usage; military aircraft normally follow specific maintenance programmes which may or may not be similar to those of commercial/civil operators.
Aircraft recycling is the recycling industry of aircraft.
Every civil aircraft must be marked prominently on its exterior by an alphanumeric string, indicating its country of registration and its unique serial number.
The airframe of an aircraft is its mechanical structure.
Airlines proliferated in Africa because, in many countries, road and rail networks are not well developed due to financial issues, terrain, and rainy seasons.
An airworthiness directive (commonly abbreviated as AD) is a notification to owners and operators of certified aircraft that a known safety deficiency with a particular model of aircraft, engine, avionics or other system exists and must be corrected.
An alloy is a combination of metals or of a metal and another element.
Altitude or height (sometimes known as depth) is defined based on the context in which it is used (aviation, geometry, geographical survey, sport, atmospheric pressure, and many more).
Aluminum building wiring is a type of electrical wiring for residential construction or houses that uses aluminum electrical conductors.
The Antonov An-225 Mriya (Антонов Ан-225, lit, NATO reporting name: "Cossack") is a strategic airlift cargo aircraft that was designed by the Antonov Design Bureau in the Ukrainian SSR within the Soviet Union during the 1980s.
Arbitrariness is the quality of being "determined by chance, whim, or impulse, and not by necessity, reason, or principle".
In aeronautics, the aspect ratio of a wing is the ratio of its span to its mean chord.
Auckland Airport is the largest and busiest airport in New Zealand, with 19,387,627 (10,594,128 international and 8,793,499 domestic) passengers in the year ended October 2017.
The Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB) is Australia’s national transport safety investigator.
An auxiliary power unit (APU) is a device on a vehicle that provides energy for functions other than propulsion.
In reliability theory and reliability engineering, the term availability has the following meanings.
Available seat miles (ASM) or Available seat kilometres (ASK) 8056 airline passenger carrying capacity.
An aviation accident is defined by the Convention on International Civil Aviation Annex 13 as an occurrence associated with the operation of an aircraft, which takes place between the time any person boards the aircraft with the intention of flight until all such persons have disembarked, where a person is fatally or seriously injured, the aircraft sustains damage or structural failure or the aircraft is missing or is completely inaccessible.
The Aviation Safety Network (ASN) is a website that keeps track of aviation accidents, incidents, and hijackings.
Aviation Week & Space Technology, often abbreviated Aviation Week or AW&ST, is the flagship magazine of the Aviation Week Network.
Avionics Full-Duplex Switched Ethernet (AFDX) is a data network, patented by international aircraft manufacturer Airbus, for safety-critical applications that utilizes dedicated bandwidth while providing deterministic quality of service (QoS).
A barge is a flat-bottomed ship, built mainly for river and canal transport of heavy goods.
Batam is the largest city (kota) of Riau Islands Province of Indonesia as well the name of an island.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, satellites, and missiles worldwide.
The Boeing 747 is an American wide-body commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft, often referred to by its original nickname, "Jumbo Jet".
The Boeing 747-400 is an American wide-body jet airliner developed by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing 747-8 is a wide-body jet airliner developed by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing 777 is a family of long-range wide-body twin-engine jet airliners developed and manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing 777X is a new series of the long-range wide-body twin-engine Boeing 777 family that is under development by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is an American long-haul, mid-size widebody, twin-engine jet airliner made by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing Business Jet series are variants of Boeing jet airliners for the corporate jet market.
Boeing Commercial Airplanes (BCA) is a division of The Boeing Company.
The Boeing NLA, or New Large Airplane, was a 1990s concept for an all-new airliner in the 500+ seat market, with four engines.
The Boeing VC-25 is a military version of the Boeing 747 airliner, modified for presidential transport and operated by the United States Air Force as Air Force One, the call sign of any U.S. Air Force aircraft carrying the President of the United States.
Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.
Break-even (or break even), often abbreviated as B/E in finance, is the point of balance making neither a profit nor a loss.
Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 456,000.
British Aerospace plc (BAe) was a British aircraft, munitions and defence-systems manufacturer.
British Airways (BA) is the flag carrier and the largest airline in the United Kingdom based on fleet size, or the second largest, behind easyJet, when measured by passengers carried.
Broughton (Brychdyn) is a district in Flintshire, Wales, close to the Wales–England border, located to the west of the City of Chester, England, in the community of Broughton and Bretton.
A business case captures the reasoning for initiating a project or task.
A business jet, private jet, or bizjet, or simply B.J., is a jet aircraft designed for transporting small groups of people.
In aeronautics and aeronautical engineering, camber is the asymmetry between the two acting surfaces of an aerofoil, with the top surface of a wing (or correspondingly the front surface of a propeller blade) commonly being more convex (positive camber).
Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, carbon fiber reinforced plastic or carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic (CFRP, CRP, CFRTP or often simply carbon fiber, carbon composite or even carbon), is an extremely strong and light fiber-reinforced plastic which contains carbon fibers.
A cargo aircraft (also known as freight aircraft, freighter, airlifter or cargo jet) is a fixed-wing aircraft that is designed or converted for the carriage of cargo rather than passengers.
Cathay Pacific Airways Limited is the flag carrier of Hong Kong, with its head office and main hub located at Hong Kong International Airport.
CATIA (an acronym of computer-aided three-dimensional interactive application, pronounced) is a multi-platform software suite for computer-aided design (CAD), computer-aided manufacturing (CAM), computer-aided engineering (CAE), PLM and 3D, developed by the French company Dassault Systèmes.
Cádiz (see other pronunciations below) is a city and port in southwestern Spain.
With respect to aircraft performance, a ceiling is the maximum density altitude an aircraft can reach under a set of conditions, as determined by its flight envelope.
Canadian Forces Base Goose Bay (IATA: YYR, ICAO: CYYR), commonly referred to as CFB Goose Bay, is a Canadian Forces Base located in the municipality of Happy Valley-Goose Bay in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Change control within quality management systems (QMS) and information technology (IT) systems is a process—either formal or informal—used to ensure that changes to a product or system are introduced in a controlled and coordinated manner.
Charles Champion (born 1955 near Paris), who holds a MSc from Stanford University, has been Airbus Executive Vice President Engineering since 1 April 2010 and a member of the Airbus Executive Committee.
Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport (Aéroport de Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle), also known as Roissy Airport (name of the local district), is the largest international airport in France and the second largest in Europe.
Chief executive officer (CEO) is the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, administrator, or other leader in charge of managing an organization especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution.
The chief financial officer (CFO) is the officer of a company that has primary responsibility for managing the company's finances, including financial planning, management of financial risks, record-keeping, and financial reporting.
China Southern Airlines Company Limited is an airline headquartered in Baiyun District, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. Established on 1 July 1988 following the restructuring of the Civil Aviation Administration of China that acquired and merged a number of domestic airlines, the airline became one of China's "Big Three" airlines (alongside Air China and China Eastern Airlines), the world's sixth-largest airline measured by passengers carried and Asia's largest airline in fleet size, revenue and passengers carried. With its main hubs at Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport and Beijing Capital International Airport, the airline operates more than 2,000 flights to 208 destinations daily as a member of SkyTeam. The logo of the airline consists of a kapok flower (which is also the city flower of Guangzhou) on a blue tail fin. The parent company of China Southern Airlines Company Limited is China Southern Air Holding Company, a state-owned enterprise that was supervised by the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council.
Christian Streiff (born September 21, 1954) is a French businessman.
The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) is the statutory corporation which oversees and regulates all aspects of civil aviation in the United Kingdom.
The competition between Airbus and Boeing has been characterised as a duopoly in the large jet airliner market since the 1990s.
A composite material (also called a composition material or shortened to composite, which is the common name) is a material made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties that, when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components.
Configuration management (CM) is a systems engineering process for establishing and maintaining consistency of a product's performance, functional, and physical attributes with its requirements, design, and operational information throughout its life.
Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) was a Spanish aircraft manufacturer that was founded in 1923 and began manufacturing aircraft the following year.
Copenhagen (København; Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark.
Cruise is a flight phase that occurs when the aircraft levels after a climb to a set altitude and before it begins to descend.
A cruise ship or cruise liner is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, when the voyage itself, the ship's amenities, and sometimes the different destinations along the way (i.e., ports of call), are part of the experience.
DASA (officially Deutsche Aerospace AG, later Daimler-Benz Aerospace AG, then DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG), was the former aerospace subsidiary of Daimler-Benz AG (later DaimlerChrysler) from 1989. In July 2000, DASA merged with Aérospatiale-Matra and CASA to form EADS.
The Dassault Rafale (literally meaning "gust of wind", and "burst of fire" in a more military sense) is a French twin-engine, canard delta wing, multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation.
Debt is when something, usually money, is owed by one party, the borrower or debtor, to a second party, the lender or creditor.
The Department for Transport (DfT) is the government department responsible for the English transport network and a limited number of transport matters in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland that have not been devolved.
Der Spiegel (lit. "The Mirror") is a German weekly news magazine published in Hamburg.
Diehl Aerospace GmbH is a Joint venture between the German Diehl Group and the French Thales Group operating in the field of Avionics.
A double-deck aircraft has two decks for passengers; the second deck may be only a partial deck, and may be above or below the main deck.
The term downtime is used to refer to periods when a system is unavailable.
Dresden (Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany, Drážďany, Drezno) is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.
Dubai (دبي) is the largest and most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
The Dubai Airshow (دوباي، إرشو) is an annual air show held in Dubai, United Arab Emirates under the patronage of HH Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai, in cooperation with Dubai Civil Aviation Authority, Dubai Airports, Dubai World Central and the UAE Armed Forces.
Dubai International Airport (مطار دبي الدولي) is the primary international airport serving Dubai, United Arab Emirates and is the world's busiest airport by international passenger traffic.
A duplex communication system is a point-to-point system composed of two or more connected parties or devices that can communicate with one another in both directions.
Duty-free shops (or stores) are retail outlets that are exempt from the payment of certain local or national taxes and duties, on the requirement that the goods sold will be sold to travelers who will take them out of the country.
EADS CASA was a Spanish aircraft manufacturer, previously Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA).
Economy class, also called coach class, steerage, standard class or (slang) cattle class, is the lowest travel class of seating in air travel, rail travel, and sometimes ferry or maritime travel.
El Dorado International Airport is an international airport serving Bogotá, Colombia and its surrounding areas.
Elevators are flight control surfaces, usually at the rear of an aircraft, which control the aircraft's pitch, and therefore the angle of attack and the lift of the wing.
An emergency landing is a prioritised landing made by an aircraft in response to an emergency containing an imminent or ongoing threat to the safety and operation of the aircraft or involving a sudden need for a passenger or crew on board to be on land, such as a medical emergency.
Aircraft emergency oxygen systems are emergency equipment fitted to pressurized commercial aircraft, intended for use when the cabin pressurisation system has failed and the cabin altitude has climbed above a safe level.
Emirates (طَيَران الإمارات DMG: Ṭayarān Al-Imārāt) is an airline based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
The Engine Alliance (EA) is an American aircraft engine manufacturer based in East Hartford, Connecticut.
The Engine Alliance GP7000 is a turbofan jet engine manufactured by Engine Alliance, a joint venture between General Electric and Pratt & Whitney.
Ethernet over twisted pair technologies use twisted-pair cables for the physical layer of an Ethernet computer network.
Etihad Airways (Arabic شركة الاتحاد للطيران sharikat alittiḥād liṭṭayarān) is a flag carrier and the second-largest airline of the United Arab Emirates (after Emirates).
The European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation, commonly known as Eurocontrol, is an international organisation working to achieve safe and seamless air traffic management across Europe.
The European Aviation Safety Agency or EASA is an agency of the European Union with responsibility for civil aviation safety.
The European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC) or Conférence Européenne de l'Aviation Civile (CEAC) is an intergovernmental organization which was established by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the Council of Europe.
Fabrice Brégier (born 16 July 1961) is a French business executive.
Fairfax, colloquially known as Central Fairfax, Downtown Fairfax, or Fairfax City, and officially named the City of Fairfax, is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
The Farnborough International Airshow is a week-long, biennial event that combines a major trade exhibition for the aerospace and defence industries with a public airshow.
In computer networking, Fast Ethernet is a collective term for a number of Ethernet standards that carry traffic at the nominal rate of 100 Mbit/s (the earlier Ethernet speed was 10 Mbit/s).
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.
FedEx Corporation is an American multinational courier delivery services company headquartered in Memphis, Tennessee.
Fiberglass (US) or fibreglass (UK) is a common type of fiber-reinforced plastic using glass fiber.
A flight management system (FMS) is a fundamental component of a modern airliner's avionics.
Flight testing is a branch of aeronautical engineering that develops and gathers data during flight of an aircraft, or atmospheric testing of launch vehicles and reusable spacecraft, and then analyzes the data to evaluate the aerodynamic flight characteristics of the vehicle in order to validate the design, including safety aspects.
Flightglobal is an online news and information website which covers the aviation and aerospace industries.
Fly-by-wire (FBW) is a system that replaces the conventional manual flight controls of an aircraft with an electronic interface.
A focus group is a small, but demographically diverse group of people and whose reactions are studied especially in market research or political analysis in guided or open discussions about a new product or something else to determine the reactions that can be expected from a larger population.
Fodor's is a publisher of English language travel and tourism information and the first relatively professional producer of travel guidebooks.
Forecasting is the process of making predictions of the future based on past and present data and most commonly by analysis of trends.
In aviation, foreign object debris (FOD) is any article or substance, alien to an aircraft or system, which could potentially cause damage.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The Fraunhofer Society (Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V., "Fraunhofer Society for the Advancement of Applied Research") is a German research organization with 69institutes spread throughout Germany, each focusing on different fields of applied science (as opposed to the Max Planck Society, which works primarily on basic science).
Fuel economy in aircraft is a measure of how much fuel an aircraft, or a fleet of aircraft of mixed types, needs to operate in relation to a service provided (i.e. number of passengers or ton of freight) and the distance between points of travel.
Fuel efficiency is a form of thermal efficiency, meaning the ratio from effort to result of a process that converts chemical potential energy contained in a carrier (fuel) into kinetic energy or work.
The fuselage (from the French fuselé "spindle-shaped") is an aircraft's main body section.
A gate, or gatehouse, is an area of an airport that provides a waiting area for passengers before boarding their flight.
General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.
The General Electric GE90 is a family of high-bypass turbofan aircraft engines built by GE Aviation for the Boeing 777, with thrust ratings from.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Glass reinforced aluminium (GLARE) is a fiber metal laminate (FML) composed of several very thin layers of metal (usually aluminium) interspersed with layers of glass-fiber pre-preg, bonded together with a matrix such as epoxy.
A glass cockpit is an aircraft cockpit that features electronic (digital) flight instrument displays, typically large LCD screens, rather than the traditional style of analog dials and gauges.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
Ground pressure is the pressure exerted on the ground by the tires or tracks of a motorized vehicle, and is one measure of its potential mobility, especially over soft ground.
Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.
Gustav Humbert (born February 1950 in Celle, West Germany) is the former Chief executive officer and President of Airbus SAS, and a former member of the EADS Executive Committee.
The Hajj (حَجّ "pilgrimage") is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, the holiest city for Muslims, and a mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by all adult Muslims who are physically and financially capable of undertaking the journey, and can support their family during their absence.
Hamad International Airport (مطار حمد الدولي) is the international airport of Doha, the capital city of Qatar.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport is a private airport in the Finkenwerder quarter of southwest Hamburg, Germany.
A heat exchanger is a device used to transfer heat between two or more fluids.
Heathrow Airport (also known as London Heathrow) is a major international airport in London, United Kingdom.
The Herald Sun is a morning newspaper based in Melbourne, Australia published by The Herald and Weekly Times, a subsidiary of News Corp Australia, itself a subsidiary of News Corp. The Herald Sun primarily serves Victoria and shares many articles with other News Corporation daily newspapers, especially those from Australia. It is also available for purchase in Tasmania, the Australian Capital Territory and border regions of South Australia and southern New South Wales such as the Riverina and NSW South Coast, and is available digitally through its website and apps. In March 2009, the paper had a daily circulation of 530,000 from Monday to Friday.
Hi Fly is a Portuguese charter airline headquartered in Lisbon.
High-intensity discharge lamps (HID lamps) are a type of electrical gas-discharge lamp which produces light by means of an electric arc between tungsten electrodes housed inside a translucent or transparent fused quartz or fused alumina arc tube.
A hull loss is an aviation accident that damages the aircraft beyond economical repair, resulting in a write-off.
Hydraulics (from Greek: Υδραυλική) is a technology and applied science using engineering, chemistry, and other sciences involving the mechanical properties and use of liquids.
In-flight entertainment (IFE) refers to the entertainment available to aircraft passengers during a flight.
Integrated modular avionics (IMA) are real-time computer network airborne systems.
The internal rate of return (IRR) is a method of calculating rate of return.
International Consolidated Airlines Group, S.A., often shortened to IAG, is an Anglo-Spanish multinational airline holding company with its registered office in Madrid, Spain and its operational headquarters in London, England.
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO Organisation de l'aviation civile internationale, OACI), is a specialized agency of the United Nations.
The International Lease Finance Corporation (ILFC) was an aircraft lessor headquartered in the Constellation Place in Century City, Los Angeles, California.
Iqaluit (ᐃᖃᓗᐃᑦ), meaning "place of fish", is the capital of the Canadian territory of Nunavut; its largest community, and its only city.
Iran Air, branded as The Airline of the Islamic Republic of Iran (Havâpeymâyiye Jomhuriye Eslâmiye Irân), is the flag carrier of Iran headquartered on the grounds of Mehrabad Airport in Tehran.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
The Itinéraire à Grand Gabarit is a water and road route that has been created in order to allow the transport of the outsize structural sections of the Airbus A380 airliner from their point of manufacture to Toulouse for final assembly.
Jacques Rosay was Vice President Chief Test Pilot of the aircraft manufacturer Airbus.
A jet airliner (or jetliner) is an airliner powered by jet engines (passenger jet aircraft).
John F. Kennedy International Airport (often referred to as Kennedy Airport, New York-JFK or simply JFK) is the primary international airport serving New York City.
John Leahy (born August 1950) is an American businessman.
The Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA) was an associated body of the ECAC representing the civil aviation regulatory authorities of a number of European States who had agreed to co-operate in developing and implementing common safety regulatory standards and procedures.
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA; barnāmeye jāme‘e eqdāme moshtarak, acronym: برجام BARJAM), known commonly as the Iran nuclear deal or Iran deal, is an agreement on the nuclear program of Iran reached in Vienna on 14 July 2015 between Iran, the P5+1 (the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council—China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States—plus Germany), and the European Union.
José María Córdova International Airport is the second largest airport in Colombia after El Dorado International Airport of Bogotá in terms of infrastructure and passenger service.
A joystick is an input device consisting of a stick that pivots on a base and reports its angle or direction to the device it is controlling.
Kingfisher Airlines Limited was an airline group based in India.
Korean Air Lines Co., Ltd., operating as Korean Air, is the largest airline and flag carrier of South Korea based on fleet size, international destinations and international flights.
Lamination is the technique of manufacturing a material in multiple layers, so that the composite material achieves improved strength, stability, sound insulation, appearance or other properties from the use of differing materials.
Landing gear is the undercarriage of an aircraft or spacecraft and may be used for either takeoff or landing.
A landing slot, takeoff slot, or airport slot is a right granted by an airport owner which allows the slot holder to schedule a landing or departure during a specific time period.
Langon (Lengon) is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Laser beam welding (LBW) is a welding technique used to join pieces of metal or thermoplastics through the use of a laser.
Latency is a time interval between the stimulation and response, or, from a more general point of view, a time delay between the cause and the effect of some physical change in the system being observed.
Slats are aerodynamic surfaces on the leading edge of the wings of fixed-wing aircraft which, when deployed, allow the wing to operate at a higher angle of attack.
Length overall (LOA, o/a, o.a. or oa) is the maximum length of a vessel's hull measured parallel to the waterline.
Libération (popularly known as Libé), is a daily newspaper in France, founded in Paris by Jean-Paul Sartre and Serge July in 1973 in the wake of the protest movements of May 1968.
In aerodynamics, lift-induced drag, induced drag, vortex drag, or sometimes drag due to lift, is an aerodynamic drag force that occurs whenever a moving object redirects the airflow coming at it.
A light-emitting diode (LED) is a two-lead semiconductor light source.
A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat-panel display or other electronically modulated optical device that uses the light-modulating properties of liquid crystals.
There are 331 firm orders by 18 customers for the passenger version of the Airbus A380-800, of which 223 have been delivered to 13 of those customers.
This is a list of airlines which have a current Air Operator Certificate issued by the Civil Aviation Administration of China.
The ICAO aircraft type designator is a two-, three- or four-character alphanumeric code designating every aircraft type (and some sub-types) that may appear in flight planning.
The following is the list of purpose-built passenger jet airliners.
This is a list of megaprojects.
The Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor is a fifth-generation, single-seat, twin-engine, all-weather stealth tactical fighter aircraft developed for the United States Air Force (USAF).
The Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II is a family of single-seat, single-engine, all-weather stealth multirole fighters.
Over time, different airline companies have established a number of ultra-long haul non-stop flights.
Los Angeles International Airport is the primary international airport serving Los Angeles, California.
Deutsche Lufthansa AG, commonly known as Lufthansa (sometimes also as Lufthansa German Airlines), is the largest German airline and, when combined with its subsidiaries, also the largest airline in Europe both in terms of fleet size and passengers carried during 2017.
In fluid dynamics, the Mach number (M or Ma) is a dimensionless quantity representing the ratio of flow velocity past a boundary to the local speed of sound.
The technical meaning of maintenance involves operational and functional checks, servicing, repairing or replacing of necessary devices, equipment, machinery, building infrastructure, and supporting utilities in industrial, business, governmental, and residential installations.
Malaysia Airlines Berhad (MAB) (Penerbangan Malaysia Berhad), formerly known as Malaysian Airline System Berhad (MAS), branded as Malaysia Airlines, is an airline operating flights from Kuala Lumpur International Airport and from secondary hubs in Kota Kinabalu and Kuching to destinations throughout Asia, Oceania and Europe.
Mark Power (born 1959), accessed 18 June 2008.
The maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) or maximum gross takeoff weight (MGTOW) or maximum takeoff mass (MTOM) of an aircraft is the maximum weight at which the pilot is allowed to attempt to take off, due to structural or other limits.
McDonnell Douglas was a major American aerospace manufacturing corporation and defense contractor formed by the merger of McDonnell Aircraft and the Douglas Aircraft Company in 1967.
The McDonnell Douglas MD-12 was an aircraft design study undertaken by the McDonnell Douglas company in the 1990s for a "superjumbo" aircraft, first conceived as a trijet larger than the MD-11, then stretched to a 4-engine airliner.
A megaproject is an extremely large-scale investment project.
Melbourne Airport, colloquially known as Tullamarine Airport, is the primary airport serving the city of Melbourne, and the second busiest airport in Australia.
Morgan Stanley is an American multinational investment bank and financial services company headquartered at 1585 Broadway in the Morgan Stanley Building, Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
Mostyn is a small village in Flintshire, Wales, and electoral ward lying on the estuary of the River Dee, located near the town of Holywell.
A multifunction display (MFD) is a small-screen (CRT or LCD) surrounded by multiple soft keys (configurable buttons) that can be used to display information to the user in numerous configurable ways.
, also known as Tokyo Narita Airport, formerly and originally known as, is an international airport serving the Greater Tokyo Area of Japan.
A national aviation authority (NAA) or civil aviation authority is a government statutory authority in each country that maintains an aircraft register and oversees the approval and regulation of civil aviation.
NATS Holdings, formerly National Air Traffic Services and commonly referred to as NATS, is the main Air Navigation Service Provider in the United Kingdom.
New Scientist, first published on 22 November 1956, is a weekly, English-language magazine that covers all aspects of science and technology.
A niche market is the subset of the market on which a specific product is focused.
Noël Forgeard (born 8 December 1946 in La Ferté-Gaucher) is a French industrialist and former joint CEO of EADS.
The Noise Abatement Society is a UK company with the charitable aims of raising awareness of, and finding solutions to, noise pollution.
Open skies is an international policy concept that calls for the liberalization of the rules and regulations of the international aviation industry—especially commercial aviation—in order to create a free-market environment for the airline industry.
Operating (Operational) costs are the expenses which are related to the operation of a business, or to the operation of a device, component, piece of equipment or facility.
The Paris Air Show (Salon international de l'aéronautique et de l'espace de Paris-Le Bourget, Salon du Bourget) is the largest Air Show before UK's Farnborough, followed by Dubai Air Show or Singapore Airshow.
Passenger load factor, or load factor, measures the capacity utilization of public transport services like airlines, passenger railways, and intercity bus services.
A pilgrimage is a journey or search of moral or spiritual significance.
Point and click are the actions of a computer user moving a pointer to a certain location on a screen (pointing) and then pressing a button on a mouse, usually the left button (click), or other pointing device.
Point-to-point transit refers to a transportation system in which a plane, bus, or train travels directly to a destination, rather than going through a central hub.
The Pratt & Whitney PW4000 is a family of high-bypass turbofan aircraft engines with certified thrust ranging from 52,000 to 99,040 lbf (230 to 441 kN).
Premium economy is a travel class offered on some airlines.
In economics and finance, present value (PV), also known as present discounted value, is the value of an expected income stream determined as of the date of valuation.
The price of oil, or the oil price, (generally) refers to the spot price of a barrel of benchmark crude oil—a reference price for buyers and sellers of crude oil such as West Texas Intermediate (WTI), Brent ICE, Dubai Crude, OPEC Reference Basket, Tapis Crude, Bonny Light, Urals oil, Isthmus and Western Canadian Select (WCS).
Pricing is the process whereby a business sets the price at which it will sell its products and services, and may be part of the business's marketing plan.
A primary flight display or PFD is a modern aircraft instrument dedicated to flight information.
A product teardown, or simply teardown, is the act of disassembling a product, such that it helps to identify its component parts, chip & system functionality, and component costing information.
In economics, profit in the accounting sense of the excess of revenue over cost is the sum of two components: normal profit and economic profit.
In aviation, pushback is an airport procedure during which an aircraft is pushed backwards away from an airport gate by external power.
Qantas Airways is the flag carrier of Australia and its largest airline by fleet size, international flights and international destinations.
Qantas Flight 32 was a Qantas scheduled passenger flight that suffered an uncontained engine failure on 4 November 2010 and made an emergency landing at Singapore Changi Airport.
Qatar Airways Company Q.C.S.C. (القطرية, Al Qatariyah), operating as Qatar Airways, is the state-owned flag carrier of Qatar.
Quota Count is a system used in the UK by London's Heathrow, Gatwick, and Stansted airports to limit the amount of noise generated by aircraft movements at night time (23:30 - 06:00).
QWERTY is a keyboard design for Latin-script alphabets.
Ramp-up is a term used in economics and business to describe an increase in a firm's production ahead of anticipated increases in product demand.
The maximal total range is the maximum distance an aircraft can fly between takeoff and landing, as limited by fuel capacity in powered aircraft, or cross-country speed and environmental conditions in unpowered aircraft.
In finance, return is a profit on an investment.
Remanufacturing is "the rebuilding of a product to specifications of the original manufactured product using a combination of reused, repaired and new parts".
Return on capital (ROC), or return on invested capital (ROIC), is a ratio used in finance, valuation and accounting, as a measure of the profitability and value-creating potential of companies after taking into account the amount of initial capital invested.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Richard Aboulafia is Vice President of Analysis at Teal Group and edits their World Military and Civil Aircraft Briefing, a forecasting tool.
A rivet is a permanent mechanical fastener.
Roll-on/roll-off (RORO or ro-ro) ships are vessels designed to carry wheeled cargo, such as cars, trucks, semi-trailer trucks, trailers, and railroad cars, that are driven on and off the ship on their own wheels or using a platform vehicle, such as a self-propelled modular transporter.
Rolls-Royce Holdings plc is a British multinational public limited company incorporated in February 2011 that owns Rolls-Royce, a business established in 1904 which today designs, manufactures and distributes power systems for aviation and other industries.
Rolls-Royce Trent is a British family of three spool, high bypass turbofan aircraft engines manufactured by Rolls-Royce plc.
The Rolls-Royce Trent 500 is a high-bypass turbofan aircraft engine, developed from the Rolls-Royce RB211 and is a member of the Trent family of engines.
The Rolls-Royce Trent 800 is a high-bypass turbofan aircraft engine, developed from the RB211 and is one of the family of Trent engines.
The Rolls-Royce Trent 900 is a British series of turbofan engines, developed from the RB211 and is one of the family of Trent engines.
Safran S.A. is a French multinational aircraft engine, rocket engine, aerospace-component and defense company.
Saint-Nazaire (Gallo: Saint-Nazère/Saint-Nazaer) is a commune in the Loire-Atlantique department in western France, in traditional Brittany.
The Airbus A380 has two full-length decks of 49.90 m (163 ft 8 in), though the upper deck has a slightly reduced usable length due to the curvature of the front fuselage and the front staircase.
Seating capacity is the number of people who can be seated in a specific space, in terms of both the physical space available, and limitations set by law.
Singapore Airlines Limited (SIA) is the flag carrier airline of Singapore with its hub at Singapore Changi Airport.
Singapore Changi Airport, or simply Changi Airport, is the major civilian airport for Singapore, and one of the largest transportation hubs in Southeast Asia.
The spoke-hub distribution paradigm is a form of transport topology optimization in which traffic routes are organized as a series of 'spokes' that connect outlying points to a central 'hub.' Simple forms of this distribution/connection model may be contrasted with point-to-point transit systems in which each point has a direct route to every other point, and which was the principal method of transporting passengers and freight until the 1970s.
A Star network is one of the most common computer network topologies.
A subsidy is a form of financial aid or support extended to an economic sector (or institution, business, or individual) generally with the aim of promoting economic and social policy.
A supply chain is a system of organizations, people, activities, information, and resources involved in moving a product or service from supplier to customer.
A swept wing is a wing that angles either backward or occasionally forward from its root rather than in a straight sideways direction.
Sydney (Kingsford Smith) Airport (colloquially Mascot Airport, Kingsford Smith Airport, or Sydney Airport) is an international airport in Sydney, Australia located 8 km (5 mi) south of Sydney city centre, in the suburb of Mascot.
Teknisk Ukeblad (TU, Technical Weekly Magazine) is Norwegian engineering magazine.
A test pilot is an aviator who flies new and modified aircraft in specific maneuvers, known as flight test techniques or FTTs, allowing the results to be measured and the design to be evaluated.
Thai Airways International Public Company Limited, trading as THAI (บริษัท การบินไทย จำกัด (มหาชน)) is the flag carrier airline of Thailand.
Thales Group is a French multinational company that designs and builds electrical systems and provides services for the aerospace, defence, transportation and security markets.
The Copenhagen Post is a weekly newspaper providing Danish news in English both nationally and internationally; it is the only English-language newspaper published in Denmark.
The Reporter (Ethiopia), also known as The Ethiopian Reporter (Amharic: ሪፖርተር), is a private newspaper published in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
A thermoplastic, or thermosoftening plastic, is a plastic material, a polymer, that becomes pliable or moldable above a specific temperature and solidifies upon cooling.
Thrust reversal, also called reverse thrust, is the temporary diversion of an aircraft engine's thrust so that it is directed forward, rather than backward.
Sir Timothy Charles Clark KBE (Born 1949 in Aruba) is the current President of Emirates.
Titanium is a chemical element with symbol Ti and atomic number 22.
Toulouse (Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the region of Occitanie.
Toulouse Blagnac Airport (French: Aéroport de Toulouse–Blagnac) is an international airport located west northwest of Toulouse, and partially in Blagnac, both communes of the Haute-Garonne department in the Occitanie region of France.
Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.
Transaero (Трансаэро), officially OJSC Transaero Airlines (ОАО «АК «ТРАНСАЭРО», Открытое акционерное общество "Авиационная компания "ТРАНСАЭРО") was a Russian airline.
A transatlantic flight is the flight of an aircraft across the Atlantic Ocean from Europe, Africa or the Middle East to North America, Central America, or South America, or vice versa.
A travel class is a quality of accommodation on public transport.
A turbine engine failure occurs when a turbine engine in an aircraft unexpectedly stops producing thrust or power production due to a malfunction other than fuel exhaustion, although the term "turbine engine failure" can also apply to failure of any turbine engine, such as ground-based turbines used in power plants, turbine-engined vessels (i.e. CODAG) and vehicles, etc.
The turbofan or fanjet is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used in aircraft propulsion.
A type certificate signifies the airworthiness of a particular category of aircraft, according to its manufacturing design (‘type’).
The United Kingdom Space Agency (commonly known as the UK Space Agency or UKSA) is an executive agency of the Government of the United Kingdom, responsible for the United Kingdom's civil space programme.
The ʿUmrah (عُمرَة) is an Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, Hijaz, Saudi Arabia, performed by Muslims that can be undertaken at any time of the year, in contrast to the Ḥajj (حَـجّ) which has specific dates according to the Islamic lunar calendar.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
United Parcel Service (UPS) is an American multinational package delivery and supply chain management company.
United Technologies Corporation (UTC) is an American multinational conglomerate headquartered in Farmington, Connecticut.
A secondhand or used good is a piece of personal property that is being purchased by or otherwise transferred to a second or later end user.
A very important person (VIP) is a person who is accorded special privileges due to their status or importance.
Virgin Atlantic, a trading name of Virgin Atlantic Airways Limited and Virgin Atlantic International Limited, is a British airline with its head office in Crawley, United Kingdom.
Volvo Aero was a Swedish aircraft, guided missiles and rocket engine manufacturer.
Wake turbulence is a disturbance in the atmosphere that forms behind an aircraft as it passes through the air.
Welding is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing fusion, which is distinct from lower temperature metal-joining techniques such as brazing and soldering, which do not melt the base metal.
In both road and rail vehicles, the wheelbase is the distance between the centers of the front and rear wheels.
A wide-body aircraft is a jet airliner with a fuselage wide enough to accommodate two passenger aisles, also known as twin-aisle aircraft, with seven or more seats abreast.
William Matthew "Willie" Walsh (born 25 October 1961) is an Irish airline executive.
Wing twist is an aerodynamic feature added to aircraft wings to adjust lift distribution along the wing.
Wingtip devices are intended to improve the efficiency of fixed-wing aircraft by reducing drag.
The Asian financial crisis was a period of financial crisis that gripped much of East Asia beginning in July 1997 and raised fears of a worldwide economic meltdown due to financial contagion.
A 380, A Three Eighty, A-380, A380, A380 (aircraft), A380 Airbus, A380-800, A380-800F, A380-841, A380-900, A380F, A380neo, A380plus, A388, A3XX, Airbus 380, Airbus 380-800, Airbus A 380, Airbus A-380, Airbus A380 Super Jumbo, Airbus A380 Users, Airbus A380-800, Airbus A380-800F, Airbus A380-861, Airbus A380-900, Airbus A380F, Airbus A380neo, Airbus A3XX, Airbus Improved A380-800, Airbus Industrie A380, Airbus S.A.S A380-841, Airbus S.A.S. 380, Airbus UHCA, Airbus a380, F-WWOW, Improved A380-800, Jean-Luc Lagardère Plant, Megaliner, SQ380, Singapore Airlines Flight 380, Super jumbo plane, Superjumbo, Superjumbo jet, VLCT, Whale Jet, Whalejet.