162 relations: Adhesive, Aerodynamics, Aerospace engineering, Airbus, Airbus A300, Airbus A310, Airbus A320 family, Airbus A330, Airbus A340, Airbus A350 XWB, Airbus A380, Aircraft, Aircraft design process, Aircraft engine, Aircraft fairing, Airline, Airliner, Albatros D.III, Alfred Wilm, Alloy, Aluminium, Aluminium–lithium alloy, American Airlines Flight 587, Andrei Tupolev, Anthony Fokker, Aspect ratio (aeronautics), Atlantic Ocean, ATR (aircraft manufacturer), Avro Lancaster, Biplane, Boeing, Boeing 2707, Boeing 307 Stratoliner, Boeing 787 Dreamliner, Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, Bombardier Aerospace, Bombardier CSeries, Boron fiber, Braniff Flight 542, Budd BB-1 Pioneer, Budd Company, Bulkhead (partition), Butt joint, Cabin pressurization, Cantilever, Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, Charles Lindbergh, Chord (aeronautics), Cirrus SR20, Composite material, ..., Computer-aided design, Copper, De Havilland Comet, De Havilland Mosquito, Deperdussin Monocoque, Donald Wills Douglas Sr., Douglas C-47 Skytrain, Douglas DC-3, Douglas X-3 Stiletto, Duralumin, Electron-beam additive manufacturing, Embraer, Farnborough Airport, Fatigue (material), Fixed-wing aircraft, Flying boat, Fokker F27 Friendship, Fokker F28 Fellowship, Ford Trimotor, Former, Fuselage, General aviation, German Empire, Glenn Curtiss, Grumman F-14 Tomcat, Hall PH, Hall XFH, Hannover CL.II, Hannoversche Waggonfabrik, Heat, Honeycomb structure, Hugo Junkers, Iron–nickel alloy, James H. Williams Jr., Jet aircraft, Jet airliner, Jet engine, Joseph Stalin, Junkers D.I, Junkers F.13, Junkers J 1, Junkers Ju 52, Landing gear, LFG Roland C.II, Light aircraft, Lockheed A-12, Lockheed L-188 Electra, Lockheed P-38 Lightning, Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird, Lockheed XC-35, Longeron, Luft-Fahrzeug-Gesellschaft, Luftstreitkräfte, Luftwaffe, Magnesium, Manufacturing, Materials science, McDonnell Douglas AV-8B Harrier II, McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle, McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet, Metal, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25, Military, Mold, Monocoque, Monoplane, Narrow-body aircraft, North American B-25 Mitchell, North American XB-70 Valkyrie, Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit, Ochroma, Oscillation, Pfalz Flugzeugwerke, Plywood, Propulsion, Prototype, Radial engine, Regional airliner, Reliability engineering, Rivet, Royal Aircraft Establishment, Savoia-Marchetti S.56, Sciaky, Inc., Semi-monocoque, Siemens-Schuckert, Siemens-Schuckert D.III, Skin friction drag, Spirit of St. Louis, Spot welding, Stainless steel, Steel, Stress (mechanics), Stressed skin, Supersonic speed, Supersonic transport, Technology, Titanium, Tupolev ANT-20, Turboprop, Type certificate, United States, Vertical stabilizer, Vickers Wellington, William Bushnell Stout, Wing, Wood glue, World War I, World War II, Wright brothers, Zeppelin-Staaken E-4/20, Zinc, 3D printing. Expand index (112 more) » « Shrink index
An adhesive, also known as glue, cement, mucilage, or paste, is any substance applied to one surface, or both surfaces, of two separate items that binds them together and resists their separation.
Aerodynamics, from Greek ἀήρ aer (air) + δυναμική (dynamics), is the study of the motion of air, particularly its interaction with a solid object, such as an airplane wing.
Aerospace engineering is the primary field of engineering concerned with the development of aircraft and spacecraft.
Airbus SE is a European corporation, registered in the Netherlands and trading shares in France, Germany and Spain.
The Airbus A300 is a wide-body twin-engine jet airliner that was developed and manufactured by Airbus.
The Airbus A310 is a medium- to long-range twin-engined wide-body jet airliner that was developed and manufactured by Airbus, then a consortium of European aerospace manufacturers.
The Airbus A320 family consists of short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger twin-engine jet airliners manufactured by Airbus.
The Airbus A330 is a medium- to long-range wide-body twin-engine jet airliner made by Airbus.
The Airbus A340 is a long-range, four-engine, wide-body commercial passenger jet airliner that was developed and produced by the European aerospace company Airbus.
The Airbus A350 XWB is a family of long-range, twin-engine wide-body jet airliners developed by European aerospace manufacturer Airbus.
The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner manufactured by multi-national manufacturer Airbus.
An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.
The aircraft design process is the engineering design process by which aircraft are designed.
An aircraft engine is the component of the propulsion system for an aircraft that generates mechanical power.
An aircraft fairing is a structure whose primary function is to produce a smooth outline and reduce drag.
An airline is a company that provides air transport services for traveling passengers and freight.
An airliner is a type of aircraft for transporting passengers and air cargo.
The Albatros D.III was a biplane fighter aircraft used by the Imperial German Army Air Service (Luftstreitkräfte) during World War I. A modified licence model was built by Oeffag for the Austro-Hungarian Air Service (''Luftfahrtruppen'').
Alfred Wilm (25 June 1869 – 6 August 1937) was a German metallurgist who invented the alloy Al-3.5–5.5%Cu-Mg-Mn, now known as Duralumin which is used extensively in aircraft.
An alloy is a combination of metals or of a metal and another element.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
Aluminium–lithium alloys (Al–Li) are a series of alloys of aluminium and lithium, often also including copper and zirconium.
American Airlines Flight 587 was a regularly scheduled international passenger flight from New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport to Las Américas International Airport in Santo Domingo, capital of the Dominican Republic.
Andrei Nikolayevich Tupolev (Андрей Николаевич Туполев; November 10, 1888 – December 23, 1972) was a pioneering Soviet aircraft designer.
Anton Herman Gerard "Anthony" Fokker (6 April 1890 – 23 December 1939) was a Dutch aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturer.
In aeronautics, the aspect ratio of a wing is the ratio of its span to its mean chord.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
ATR (Aerei da Trasporto Regionale or Avions de transport régional; Regional Air Transport in English) is a Franco-Italian aircraft manufacturer headquartered on the grounds of Toulouse Blagnac International Airport in Blagnac, France.
The Avro Lancaster is a British four-engined Second World War heavy bomber.
A biplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with two main wings stacked one above the other.
The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, satellites, and missiles worldwide.
The Boeing 2707 was the first American supersonic transport (SST) project.
The Boeing Model 307 Stratoliner was the first commercial transport aircraft to enter service with a pressurized cabin.
The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is an American long-haul, mid-size widebody, twin-engine jet airliner made by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is a four-engine heavy bomber developed in the 1930s for the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC).
Bombardier Aerospace (Bombardier Aéronautique) is a division of Bombardier Inc. It is headquartered in Dorval, Quebec, Canada.
The Bombardier CSeries or C Series is a family of narrow-body, twin-engine, medium-range jet airliners designed by Canadian manufacturer Bombardier Aerospace.
Boron Fiber (also commonly called "boron filament") is an amorphous elemental boron product which represents the major industrial use of elemental (free) boron.
Braniff International Airways Flight 542, a Lockheed L-188 Electra, registration N9705C, was a scheduled domestic flight from Houston, Texas, bound for New York with scheduled stops in Dallas and Washington, D.C. On September 29, 1959, 23 minutes into the 41-minute flight from Houston to Dallas Love Field, the aircraft disintegrated in mid-air approximately southeast of Buffalo, Texas, killing everyone on board.
The Budd BB-1 Pioneer was an experimental United States flying boat of the 1930s utilizing the Savoia-Marchetti S.56 design.
The Budd Company was a 20th-century metal fabricator, a major supplier of body components to the automobile industry and a manufacturer of stainless steel passenger rail cars, airframes, missile and space vehicles, and various defense products.
A bulkhead is an upright wall within the hull of a ship or within the fuselage of an aeroplane.
A butt joint is a technique in which two pieces of material are joined by simply placing their ends together without any special shaping.
Cabin pressurization is a process in which conditioned air is pumped into the cabin of an aircraft or spacecraft, in order to create a safe and comfortable environment for passengers and crew flying at high altitudes.
A cantilever is a rigid structural element, such as a beam or a plate, anchored at one end to a (usually vertical) support from which it protrudes; this connection could also be perpendicular to a flat, vertical surface such as a wall.
Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, carbon fiber reinforced plastic or carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic (CFRP, CRP, CFRTP or often simply carbon fiber, carbon composite or even carbon), is an extremely strong and light fiber-reinforced plastic which contains carbon fibers.
Charles Augustus Lindbergh (February 4, 1902 – August 26, 1974), nicknamed Lucky Lindy, The Lone Eagle, and Slim was an American aviator, military officer, author, inventor, explorer, and environmental activist.
In aeronautics, chord refers to the imaginary straight line joining the leading and trailing edges of an aerofoil.
The Cirrus SR20 is an American piston-engine, four-or-five-seat, composite monoplane built by Cirrus Aircraft of Duluth, Minnesota since 1999.
A composite material (also called a composition material or shortened to composite, which is the common name) is a material made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties that, when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components.
Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of computer systems to aid in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
The de Havilland DH 106 Comet was the world's first commercial jet airliner.
The de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito is a British twin-engine shoulder-winged multi-role combat aircraft.
The Deperdussin Monocoque was an early racing aircraft built in 1912 by the Aéroplanes Deperdussin, a French aircraft manufacturer started in 1911 and reorganized as the Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés (SPAD) in 1913.
Donald Wills Douglas Sr. (April 6, 1892 – February 1, 1981) was an American aircraft industrialist and engineer.
The Douglas C-47 Skytrain or Dakota (RAF designation) is a military transport aircraft developed from the civilian Douglas DC-3 airliner.
The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing propeller-driven airliner with tailwheel-type landing gear.
The Douglas X-3 Stiletto was a 1950s United States experimental jet aircraft with a slender fuselage and a long tapered nose, manufactured by the Douglas Aircraft Company.
Duralumin (also called duraluminum, duraluminium, duralum, dural(l)ium, or dural) is a trade name for one of the earliest types of age-hardenable aluminium alloys.
Electron-beam additive manufacturing, or electron-beam melting (EBM) is a type of additive manufacturing, or 3D printing, for metal parts.
Embraer S.A. is a Brazilian aerospace conglomerate that produces commercial, military, executive and agricultural aircraft and provides aeronautical services.
Farnborough Airport or TAG London Farnborough Airport (previously called RAE Farnborough, ICAO Code EGUF) is an operational business/executive general aviation airport in Farnborough, Rushmoor, Hampshire, England.
In materials science, fatigue is the weakening of a material caused by repeatedly applied loads.
A fixed-wing aircraft is an aircraft, such as an airplane or aeroplane (note the two different spellings), which is capable of flight using wings that generate lift caused by the vehicle's forward airspeed and the shape of the wings.
A flying boat is a fixed-winged seaplane with a hull, allowing it to land on water, that usually has no type of landing gear to allow operation on land.
The Fokker F27 Friendship is a turboprop airliner developed and manufactured by the Dutch aircraft manufacturer Fokker.
The Fokker F28 Fellowship is a short range jet airliner designed and built by Dutch aircraft manufacturer Fokker.
The Ford Trimotor (also called the "Tri-Motor", and nicknamed "The Tin Goose") is an American three-engined transport aircraft.
A former is a structural member of an aircraft fuselage, of which a typical fuselage has a series from the nose to the empennage, typically perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the aircraft.
The fuselage (from the French fuselé "spindle-shaped") is an aircraft's main body section.
General aviation (GA) is all civil aviation operations other than scheduled air services and non-scheduled air transport operations for remuneration or hire.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
Glenn Hammond Curtiss (May 21, 1878 – July 23, 1930) was an American aviation and motorcycling pioneer, and a founder of the U.S. aircraft industry.
The Grumman F-14 Tomcat is an American supersonic, twin-engine, two-seat, twin-tail, variable-sweep wing fighter aircraft.
The Hall PH was an American flying boat of the 1930s.
The Hall XFH was an American fighter aircraft built by the Hall Aluminum Company.
The Hannover CL.II was an escort fighter, produced in Germany during World War I, designed in response to a 1917 requirement by the Idflieg for such a machine to protect reconnaissance aircraft over enemy territory.
Hannoversche Waggonfabrik AG was a German aircraft manufacturer of the World War I era.
In thermodynamics, heat is energy transferred from one system to another as a result of thermal interactions.
Honeycomb structures are natural or man-made structures that have the geometry of a honeycomb to allow the minimization of the amount of used material to reach minimal weight and minimal material cost.
Hugo Junkers (3 February 1859 – 3 February 1935) was a German aircraft engineer and aircraft designer.
An iron–nickel alloy or nickel–iron alloy, abbreviated FeNi or NiFe, is a group of alloys consisting primarily of the elements nickel (Ni) and iron (Fe).
James Henry Williams, Jr. is a mechanical engineer, consultant, civic commentator, and teacher of engineering.
A jet aircraft (or simply jet) is an aircraft (nearly always a fixed-wing aircraft) propelled by jet engines (jet propulsion).
A jet airliner (or jetliner) is an airliner powered by jet engines (passenger jet aircraft).
A jet engine is a type of reaction engine discharging a fast-moving jet that generates thrust by jet propulsion.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
The Junkers D.I (factory designation J 9) was a monoplane fighter aircraft produced in Germany late in World War I, significant for becoming the first all-metal fighter to enter service.
The Junkers F.13 (also known as the F 13) was the world's first all-metal transport aircraft, developed in Germany at the end of World War I. It was an advanced cantilever-wing monoplane, with enclosed accommodation for four passengers.
The Junkers J 1, nicknamed the Blechesel ("Tin Donkey" or "Sheet Metal Donkey"), was an experimental monoplane aircraft developed by Junkers & Co.
The Junkers Ju 52/3m (nicknamed Tante Ju ("Aunt Ju") and Iron Annie) is a German trimotor transport aircraft manufactured from 1931 to 1952.
Landing gear is the undercarriage of an aircraft or spacecraft and may be used for either takeoff or landing.
The LFG Roland C.II, usually known as the Walfisch (Whale), was an advanced German reconnaissance aircraft of World War I. It was manufactured by Luft-Fahrzeug-Gesellschaft G.m.b.H.
A light aircraft is an aircraft that has a maximum gross takeoff weight of or less.
The Lockheed A-12 was a reconnaissance aircraft built for the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) by Lockheed's Skunk Works, based on the designs of Clarence "Kelly" Johnson.
The Lockheed L-188 Electra is an American turboprop airliner built by Lockheed.
The Lockheed P-38 Lightning is a World War II-era American piston-engined fighter aircraft.
The Lockheed SR-71 "Blackbird" is a long-range, Mach 3+ strategic reconnaissance aircraft that was operated by the United States Air Force.
The Lockheed XC-35 is a twin-engine, experimental pressurized airplane.
In engineering, a longeron is a load-bearing component of a framework.
Luft-Fahrzeug-Gesellschaft, also referred to as LFG, was a German aircraft manufacturer during World War I. They are best known for their various "Roland" designs, notably the Roland C.II Walfisch (whale), Roland D.II haifisch (Shark) and Roland D.VI, although they also produced a number of airships and many experimental designs.
The Deutsche Luftstreitkräfte (German Air Force)—known before October 1916 as the Fliegertruppen des deutschen Kaiserreiches (Imperial German Flying Corps) or simply Die Fliegertruppe—was the World War I (1914–18) air arm of the German Army, of which it remained an integral part.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.
Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.
The interdisciplinary field of materials science, also commonly termed materials science and engineering is the design and discovery of new materials, particularly solids.
The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) AV-8B Harrier II is a single-engine ground-attack aircraft that constitutes the second generation of the Harrier Jump Jet family.
The McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle is an American twin-engine, all-weather tactical fighter aircraft designed by McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) to gain and maintain air supremacy in all aspects of aerial combat.
The McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet is a twin-engine, supersonic, all-weather, carrier-capable, multirole combat jet, designed as both a fighter and attack aircraft (hence the F/A designation).
A metal (from Greek μέταλλον métallon, "mine, quarry, metal") is a material (an element, compound, or alloy) that is typically hard when in solid state, opaque, shiny, and has good electrical and thermal conductivity.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-25; NATO reporting name: Foxbat) is a supersonic interceptor and reconnaissance aircraft that was among the fastest military aircraft to enter service.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
A mold or mould (is a fungus that grows in the form of multicellular filaments called hyphae.
Monocoque, also structural skin, is a structural system where loads are supported through an object's external skin, similar to an egg shell.
A monoplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with a single main wing plane, in contrast to a biplane or other multiplane, each of which has multiple planes.
A narrow-body aircraft or single-aisle aircraft is an airliner arranged along a single aisle permitting up to 6-abreast seating in a cabin below of width.
The North American B-25 Mitchell is an American twin-engine, medium bomber manufactured by North American Aviation (NAA).
The North American Aviation XB-70 Valkyrie was the prototype version of the planned B-70 nuclear-armed, deep-penetration strategic bomber for the United States Air Force Strategic Air Command.
The Northrop (later Northrop Grumman) B-2 Spirit, also known as the Stealth Bomber, is an American heavy penetration strategic bomber, featuring low observable stealth technology designed for penetrating dense anti-aircraft defenses; it is a flying wing design with a crew of two.
Ochroma is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae, containing the sole species Ochroma pyramidale, commonly known as the balsa tree.
Oscillation is the repetitive variation, typically in time, of some measure about a central value (often a point of equilibrium) or between two or more different states.
Pfalz Flugzeugwerke was a World War I German aircraft manufacturer, located at the Speyer airfield in the Palatinate (German: Pfalz).
Plywood is a sheet material manufactured from thin layers or "plies" of wood veneer that are glued together with adjacent layers having their wood grain rotated up to 90 degrees to one another.
Propulsion means to push forward or drive an object forward.
A prototype is an early sample, model, or release of a product built to test a concept or process or to act as a thing to be replicated or learned from.
The radial engine is a reciprocating type internal combustion engine configuration in which the cylinders "radiate" outward from a central crankcase like the spokes of a wheel.
A regional airliner or a feederliner is a small airliner that is designed to fly up to 100 passengers on short-haul flights, usually feeding larger carriers' airline hubs from small markets.
Reliability engineering is a sub-discipline of systems engineering that emphasizes dependability in the lifecycle management of a product.
A rivet is a permanent mechanical fastener.
The Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE) was a British research establishment, known by several different names during its history, that eventually came under the aegis of the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD), before finally losing its identity in mergers with other institutions.
The Savoia-Marchetti S.56 was an Italian single-engine biplane flying boat trainer and tourer, built by Savoia-Marchetti.
Sciaky, Inc. is an American manufacturer of metal 3d printing systems and industrial welding systems, founded in 1939 and headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.
The term semi-monocoque refers to a stressed shell structure that is similar to a true monocoque, but which derives at least some of its strength from conventional reinforcement.
Siemens-Schuckert (or Siemens-Schuckertwerke) was a German electrical engineering company headquartered in Berlin, Erlangen and Nuremberg that was incorporated into the Siemens AG in 1966.
The Siemens-Schuckert D.III was a German single-seat fighter built by Siemens-Schuckert Werke.
Skin friction drag is a component of profile drag, which is resistant force exerted on an object moving in a fluid.
The Spirit of St.
Resistance spot welding (RSW) is a process in which contacting metal surface points are joined by the heat obtained from resistance to electric current.
In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox from French inoxydable (inoxidizable), is a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
In continuum mechanics, stress is a physical quantity that expresses the internal forces that neighboring particles of a continuous material exert on each other, while strain is the measure of the deformation of the material.
In mechanical engineering, stressed skin is a type of rigid construction, intermediate between monocoque and a rigid frame with a non-loaded covering.
Supersonic travel is a rate of travel of an object that exceeds the speed of sound (Mach 1).
A supersonic transport (SST) is a civilian supersonic aircraft designed to transport passengers at speeds greater than the speed of sound.
Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is first robustly defined by Jacob Bigelow in 1829 as: "...principles, processes, and nomenclatures of the more conspicuous arts, particularly those which involve applications of science, and which may be considered useful, by promoting the benefit of society, together with the emolument of those who pursue them".
Titanium is a chemical element with symbol Ti and atomic number 22.
The Tupolev ANT-20 Maksim Gorki (Туполев АНТ-20 "Максим Горький") was a Soviet eight-engine aircraft, the largest of the 1930s.
A turboprop engine is a turbine engine that drives an aircraft propeller.
A type certificate signifies the airworthiness of a particular category of aircraft, according to its manufacturing design (‘type’).
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The vertical stabilizers, vertical stabilisers, or fins, of aircraft, missiles or bombs are typically found on the aft end of the fuselage or body, and are intended to reduce aerodynamic side slip and provide direction stability.
The Vickers Wellington was a British twin-engined, long-range medium bomber.
William Bushnell Stout (March 16, 1880 – March 20, 1956) was a pioneeringhttp://home.earthlink.net/~ralphcooper/biostout.htm American inventor, engineer, developer and designer whose works in the automotive and aviation fields were groundbreaking.
A wing is a type of fin that produces lift, while moving through air or some other fluid.
Wood glue is an adhesive used to tightly bond pieces of wood together.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912), were two American aviators, engineers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are generally credited with inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful airplane.
The Zeppelin-Staaken E-4/20 was a revolutionary four-engine all-metal passenger monoplane designed in 1917 by Adolf Rohrbach and completed in 1919 at the Zeppelin-Staaken works outside Berlin, Germany.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
3D printing is any of various processes in which material is joined or solidified under computer control to create a three-dimensional object, with material being added together (such as liquid molecules or powder grains being fused together).