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Akhenaten (also spelled Echnaton, Akhenaton, Ikhnaton, and Khuenaten; meaning "Effective for Aten"), known before the fifth year of his reign as Amenhotep IV (sometimes given its Greek form, Amenophis IV, and meaning "Amun Is Satisfied"), was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty who ruled for 17 years and died perhaps in 1336 BC or 1334 BC. [1]

196 relations: A God Against the Gods, Abdi-Ashirta, Abdi-Heba, Adiposogenital dystrophy, Agatha Christie, Akhenaten Suite, Akhenaten, Dweller in Truth, Akhenaten: Son of the Sun, Akhnaten (opera), Akhnaton (play), Alan Gardiner, Allen Drury, Amarna, Amarna art, Amarna letters, Amedeo Nazzari, Amenhotep II, Amenhotep III, Amenhotep-Huy, American Philosophical Society, Amqu, Amun, Amurru kingdom, Ancient Aliens, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Egyptian deities, Ancient Egyptian religion, Andrée Chedid, Androgyny, Ankhesenamun, Ankhesenpaaten Tasherit, Antiguo Oriente, Arachnodactyly, Arthur Weigall, Associated Press, Aten, Atenism, Ay, Aziru, Šatiya, Šuppiluliuma I, Benben, Buhen, Bull (ka hieroglyph), Burna-Buriash II, Byblos, Cambridge University Press, Canaan, Chicago Review Press, Cleft lip and cleft palate, ..., Comic book, Coregency Stela, Cornell University Press, Cult image, Cyril Aldred, Damnatio memoriae, David Derek Stacton, Deir El Bersha, Dodd, Mead & Co., Dominic Montserrat, Donald B. Redford, Edgar P. Jacobs, Edward Chaney, Edward R. Ayrton, Egyptian faience, Egyptian Museum, Egyptian temple, Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt, Enišasi, Erik Hornung, Film, Flinders Petrie, Fringe science, G. P. Putnam's Sons, Genetic testing, Gezer, Grafton Elliot Smith, Great Hymn to the Aten, Great Royal Wife, Gwendolyn MacEwen, Harvard University Press, Hellenization, Henotheism, High Priests of Amun, Hittites, Hogarth Press, Homocystinuria, Horemheb, Ili-Rapih, Immanuel Velikovsky, Imperial College London, Infertility, James Henry Breasted, James Strachey, Jan Assmann, Jürgen von Beckerath, Jeanne Crain, Jerusalem, Jesus, Jocasta, Johns Hopkins University Press, Joseph and His Brothers, Joshua Norton (artist), Kadesh (Syria), Karnak, Khan Academy, Kiya, KV55, La Reine Soleil, Labaya, List of alleged extraterrestrial beings, List of Egyptologists, Marfan syndrome, Medjay, Meketaten, Meritaten, Merytre-Hatshepsut, Michael Curtiz, Mika Waltari, Mitanni, Monolatry, Monotheism, Moses and Monotheism, Moyra Caldecott, Mutemwiya, Naguib Mahfouz, National Film Board of Canada, National Health Service, Neferneferuaten, Neferneferuaten Tasherit, Neferneferure, Nefertiti, Nefertiti, Queen of the Nile, Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt, Nubia, Oedipus, Opera, Osarseph, Parennefer, Pauline Gedge, Peter Dorman, Pharaoh, Pharaohs in the Bible, Philip Glass, Polytheism, Psalm 104, Psalms, Psychoanalysis, Ra, Ramose (TT55), Rib-Hadda, Roy Campbell Jr., Royal Tomb of Akhenaten, Royal Wadi and tombs, Scoliosis, Season of the Inundation, Setepenre (princess), Shechem, Shuti hieroglyph (two-feather adornment), Sidon, Sigmund Freud, Smarthistory, Smenkhkare, Solar deity, Speculative reason, Tadukhipa, Temple of Amenhotep IV, Temporal lobe epilepsy, The Egyptian, The Egyptian (film), The Mystery of the Great Pyramid, Volume 1: Manetho's Papyrus, The Younger Lady, Thebes, Egypt, Thebes, Greece, Thomas Mann, Thutmose (prince), Thutmose (sculptor), Thutmose III, Thutmose IV, Tiaa, Tiye, Tjuyu, Tomb of Meryra II, TT188, TT192, TT55, Tushratta, Tutankhamun, University of Chicago, USA Today, Vincent Price, Vizier (Ancient Egypt), William Collins (publisher), William L. Moran, Yuya, Zahi Hawass. Expand index (146 more) »

A God Against the Gods

A God Against the Gods is a 1976 historical novel by political novelist Allen Drury, which chronicles ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten's attempt to establish a new religion in Egypt.

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Abdi-Ashirta (14th century BC) was the ruler of Amurru who was in conflict with King Rib-Hadda of Byblos.

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Abdi-Heba (Abdi-Kheba, Abdi-Hepat, or Abdi-Hebat) was a local chieftain of Jerusalem during the Amarna period (mid-1330s BC).

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Adiposogenital dystrophy

Adiposogenital dystrophy is a condition which may be caused by tertiary hypogonadism originating from decreased levels in GnRH.

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Agatha Christie

Dame Agatha Mary Clarissa Christie, Lady Mallowan, (born Miller; 15 September 1890 – 12 January 1976) was an English writer.

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Akhenaten Suite

Akhenaten Suite is the seventh album by American jazz trumpeter Roy Campbell, an extended work inspired by Amenhotep IV, Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Egypt.

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Akhenaten, Dweller in Truth

Akhenaten, Dweller in Truth is a novel written and published by Nobel Prize-winning Egyptian author Naguib Mahfouz in 1985.

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Akhenaten: Son of the Sun

Akhenaten: Son of the Sun is a novel written by Moyra Caldecott in 1986.

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Akhnaten (opera)

Akhnaten is an opera in three acts based on the life and religious convictions of the Egyptian pharaoh Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV), written by the American minimalist composer Philip Glass in 1983.

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Akhnaton (play)

Akhnaton is a play by Agatha Christie.

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Alan Gardiner

Sir Alan Henderson Gardiner (29 March 1879, in Eltham – 19 December 1963, in Oxford) was an English Egyptologist, linguist, philologist, and independent scholar.

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Allen Drury

Allen Stuart Drury (September 2, 1918 – September 2, 1998) was an American novelist.

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Amarna (al-ʿamārnah) is an extensive Egyptian archaeological site that represents the remains of the capital city newly established and built by the Pharaoh Akhenaten of the late Eighteenth Dynasty, and abandoned shortly after his death (1332 BC).

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Amarna art

Amarna art, or the Amarna style, is a style adopted in the Amarna Period during and just after the reign of Akhenaten (r. 1351–1334 BC) in the late Eighteenth Dynasty, during the New Kingdom.

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Amarna letters

The Amarna letters (sometimes referred to as the Amarna correspondence or Amarna tablets, and cited with the abbreviation EA) are an archive, written on clay tablets, primarily consisting of diplomatic correspondence between the Egyptian administration and its representatives in Canaan and Amurru during the New Kingdom.

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Amedeo Nazzari

Amedeo Nazzari (10 December 1907 in Cagliari – 5 November 1979) was an Italian actor.

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Amenhotep II

Amenhotep II (sometimes called Amenophis II and meaning Amun is Satisfied) was the seventh Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Egypt.

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Amenhotep III

Amenhotep III (Hellenized as Amenophis III; Egyptian Amāna-Ḥātpa; meaning Amun is Satisfied), also known as Amenhotep the Magnificent, was the ninth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty.

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Amenhotep-Huy was a Vizier of Ancient Egypt during the reign of Amenhotep III.

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American Philosophical Society

The American Philosophical Society (APS), founded in 1743 and located in Philadelphia, is an eminent scholarly organization of international reputation that promotes useful knowledge in the sciences and humanities through excellence in scholarly research, professional meetings, publications, library resources, and community outreach.

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The Amqu (also Amka, Amki, Amq) is a region (now in eastern Lebanon), equivalent to the Beqaa Valley region, named in the 1350-1335 BC Amarna letters corpus.

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Amun (also Amon, Ammon, Amen; Greek Ἄμμων Ámmōn, Ἅμμων Hámmōn) was a major ancient Egyptian deity who appears as a member of the Hermopolitan ogdoad.

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Amurru kingdom

Amurru was an Amorite kingdom established c. 2000 BC, in a region spanning present-day western and north-western Syria and northern Lebanon The first documented leader of Amurru was Abdi-Ashirta, under whose leadership Amurru was part of the Egyptian empire.

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Ancient Aliens

Ancient Aliens is an American television series that premiered on April 20, 2010, on the History channel.

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Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.

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Ancient Egyptian deities

Ancient Egyptian deities are the gods and goddesses worshipped in ancient Egypt.

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Ancient Egyptian religion

Ancient Egyptian religion was a complex system of polytheistic beliefs and rituals which were an integral part of ancient Egyptian society.

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Andrée Chedid

Andrée Chedid (أندريه شديد) (20 March 1920 – 6 February 2011) was an Egyptian-French poet and novelist.

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Androgyny is the combination of masculine and feminine characteristics.

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Ankhesenamun (ˁnḫ-s-n-imn, "Her Life Is of Amun"; c. 1348 – after 1322 BC) was a queen of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt.

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Ankhesenpaaten Tasherit

Ankhesenpaaten Tasherit (or Ankhesenpaaten-ta-sherit, “Ankhesenpaaten the Younger”) was an ancient Egyptian princess of the 18th dynasty.

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Antiguo Oriente

Antiguo Oriente is an annual peer-reviewed academic journal published by the Center of Studies of Ancient Near Eastern History (CEHAO) (Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina, Buenos Aires).

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Arachnodactyly ("spider fingers") or achromachia is a condition in which the fingers and toes are abnormally long and slender, in comparison to the palm of the hand and arch of the foot.

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Arthur Weigall

Arthur Edward Pearse Brome Weigall (1880 – 3 January 1934) was an English Egyptologist, stage designer, journalist and author whose works span the whole range from histories of Ancient Egypt through historical biographies, guide-books, popular novels, screenplays and lyrics.

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Associated Press

The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.

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Aten (also Aton, Egyptian jtn) is the disk of the sun in ancient Egyptian mythology, and originally an aspect of the god Ra.

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Atenism, or the "Amarna heresy", refers to the religious changes associated with the eighteenth dynasty Pharaoh Amenhotep IV, better known under his adopted name, Akhenaten.

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Ay was the penultimate Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt's 18th dynasty.

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Aziru was the Canaanite ruler of Amurru, modern Lebanon, in the 14th century BC.

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Šatiya, also Satiya, or Shatiya was the ruler-'mayor' of Enišasi, during the Amarna letters period of 1350-1335 BC.

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Šuppiluliuma I

Suppiluliuma I or Suppiluliumas I was king of the Hittites (r. c. 1344–1322 BC (short chronology)).

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Benben was the mound that arose from the primordial waters Nu upon which the creator deity Atum settled in the creation myth of the Heliopolitan form of ancient Egyptian religion.

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Buhen was an ancient Egyptian settlement situated on the West bank of the Nile below (to the North of) the Second Cataract in what is now Northern State, Sudan.

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Bull (ka hieroglyph)

The ancient Egyptian Bull (hieroglyph), Gardiner sign listed no.

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Burna-Buriash II

Burna-Buriaš II, rendered in cuneiform as Bur-na- or Bur-ra-Bu-ri-ia-aš in royal inscriptions and letters, and meaning servant or protégé of the Lord of the lands in the Kassite language, where Buriaš is a Kassite storm god possibly corresponding to the Greek Boreas, was a king in the Kassite dynasty of Babylon, in a kingdom contemporarily called Karduniaš, ruling ca.

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Byblos, in Arabic Jbail (جبيل Lebanese Arabic pronunciation:; Phoenician: 𐤂𐤁𐤋 Gebal), is a Middle Eastern city on Levant coast in the Mount Lebanon Governorate, Lebanon.

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Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

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Canaan (Northwest Semitic:; Phoenician: 𐤊𐤍𐤏𐤍 Kenā‘an; Hebrew) was a Semitic-speaking region in the Ancient Near East during the late 2nd millennium BC.

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Chicago Review Press

Chicago Review Press, or CRP, is a U.S. book publisher and an independent company founded in 1973.

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Cleft lip and cleft palate

Cleft lip and cleft palate, also known as orofacial cleft, is a group of conditions that includes cleft lip (CL), cleft palate (CP), and both together (CLP).

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Comic book

A comic book or comicbook, also called comic magazine or simply comic, is a publication that consists of comic art in the form of sequential juxtaposed panels that represent individual scenes.

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Coregency Stela

The Coregency Stela is an ancient Egyptian stela dating from the late Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt.

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Cornell University Press

The Cornell University Press is a division of Cornell University housed in Sage House, the former residence of Henry William Sage.

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Cult image

In the practice of religion, a cult image is a human-made object that is venerated or worshipped for the deity, spirit or daemon that it embodies or represents.

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Cyril Aldred

Cyril Aldred (19 February 1914 – 23 June 1991) was an English Egyptologist, art historian and author.

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Damnatio memoriae

Damnatio memoriae is a modern Latin phrase literally meaning "condemnation of memory", meaning that a person must not be remembered.

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David Derek Stacton

David Derek Stacton (born Arthur Lionel Kingsley Evans, May 27, 1923 – January 19, 1968) was an American novelist, historian and poet.

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Deir El Bersha

Deir El Bersha (دير البرشا) is a Coptic village in Middle Egypt.

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Dodd, Mead & Co.

Dodd, Mead and Company was one of the pioneer publishing houses of the United States, based in New York City.

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Dominic Montserrat

Dominic Alexander Sebastian Montserrat (2 January 1964 – 23 September 2004) was a British egyptologist and papyrologist.

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Donald B. Redford

Donald Bruce Redford (born September 2, 1934) is a Canadian Egyptologist and archaeologist, currently Professor of Classics and Ancient Mediterranean Studies at Pennsylvania State University.

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Edgar P. Jacobs

Edgard Félix Pierre Jacobs (30 March 1904 – 20 February 1987), better known under his pen name Edgar P. Jacobs, was a Belgian comic book creator (writer and artist), born in Brussels, Belgium.

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Edward Chaney

Edward Chaney PhD FSA FRHistS (born 1951) is a British cultural historian.

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Edward R. Ayrton

Edward Russell Ayrton (17 December 1882 – 18 May 1914) was an English Egyptologist and archaeologist.

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Egyptian faience

Egyptian faience is a sintered-quartz ceramic displaying surface vitrification which creates a bright lustre of various colours, with blue-green being the most common.

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Egyptian Museum

The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, known commonly as the Egyptian Museum or Museum of Cairo, in Cairo, Egypt, is home to an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities.

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Egyptian temple

Egyptian temples were built for the official worship of the gods and in commemoration of the pharaohs in ancient Egypt and regions under Egyptian control.

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Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt

The Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt (notated Dynasty XVIII, alternatively 18th Dynasty or Dynasty 18) is classified as the first Dynasty of the Ancient Egyptian New Kingdom period, lasting from 1549/1550 BC to 1292 BC.

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Enišasi, was a city, or city-state located in the Beqaa Valley-(called Amqu, or Amka) of Lebanon, during the 1350-1335 BC Amarna letters correspondence.

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Erik Hornung

Erik Hornung (born 1933) is an Egyptologist and one of the most influential modern writers on ancient Egyptian religion.

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A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.

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Flinders Petrie

Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie, FRS, FBA (3 June 1853 – 28 July 1942), commonly known as Flinders Petrie, was an English Egyptologist and a pioneer of systematic methodology in archaeology and preservation of artifacts.

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Fringe science

Fringe science is an inquiry in an established field of study which departs significantly from mainstream theories in that field and is considered to be questionable by the mainstream.

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G. P. Putnam's Sons


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Genetic testing

Genetic testing, also known as DNA testing, allows the determination of bloodlines and the genetic diagnosis of vulnerabilities to inherited diseases.

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Gezer, or Tel Gezer (גֶּזֶר)(also Tell el-Jezer) is an archaeological site in the foothills of the Judaean Mountains at the border of the Shfela region roughly midway between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv.

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Grafton Elliot Smith

Sir Grafton Elliot Smith, FRS FRCP (15 August 1871 – 1 January 1937) was an Australian-British anatomist, Egyptologist and a proponent of the hyperdiffusionist view of prehistory.

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Great Hymn to the Aten

The Great Hymn to the Aten is the longest of one of a number of hymn-poems written to the sun-disk deity Aten.

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Great Royal Wife

Great Royal Wife, or alternatively, Chief King's Wife (Ancient Egyptian: ḥmt nswt wrt), is the term that was used to refer to the principal wife of the pharaoh of Ancient Egypt, who served many official functions.

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Gwendolyn MacEwen

Gwendolyn Margaret MacEwen (1 September 1941 – 29 November 1987) was a Canadian poet and novelist.

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Harvard University Press

Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.

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Hellenization or Hellenisation is the historical spread of ancient Greek culture, religion and, to a lesser extent, language, over foreign peoples conquered by Greeks or brought into their sphere of influence, particularly during the Hellenistic period following the campaigns of Alexander the Great in the fourth century BC.

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Henotheism is the worship of a single god while not denying the existence or possible existence of other deities.

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High Priests of Amun

The High Priest of Amun or First Prophet of Amun (hem netjer en tepy) was the highest-ranking priest in the priesthood of the Ancient Egyptian god Amun.

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The Hittites were an Ancient Anatolian people who played an important role in establishing an empire centered on Hattusa in north-central Anatolia around 1600 BC.

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Hogarth Press

The Hogarth Press was a British publishing house founded in 1917 by Leonard Woolf and Virginia Woolf.

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Classical homocystinuria, also known as cystathionine beta synthase deficiency or CBS deficiency, is an inherited disorder of the metabolism of the amino acid methionine due to a deficiency of cystathionine beta synthase.

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Horemheb (sometimes spelled Horemhab or Haremhab and meaning Horus is in Jubilation) was the last pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty of Egypt.

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Ili-Rapih was the follow-on mayor in Gubla-(modern Byblos), and the brother of Rib-Hadda, the former mayor of Gubla, (who was the prolific author of letters to pharaoh); Ili-Rapih is in the 1350-1335 BC Amarna letters correspondence, and wrote 2 follow-on letters to the Pharaoh after the death of Rib-Haddi.

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Immanuel Velikovsky

Immanuel Velikovsky (p; 17 November 1979) was a Russian independent scholar best known as the author of a number of controversial books reinterpreting the events of ancient history, in particular the US bestseller Worlds in Collision published in 1950.

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Imperial College London

Imperial College London (officially Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine) is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom.

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Infertility is the inability of a person, animal or plant to reproduce by natural means.

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James Henry Breasted

James Henry Breasted (August 27, 1865 – December 2, 1935) was an American archaeologist, Egyptologist, and historian.

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James Strachey

James Beaumont Strachey (26 September 1887, London25 April 1967, High Wycombe) was a British psychoanalyst, and, with his wife Alix, a translator of Sigmund Freud into English.

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Jan Assmann

Jan Assmann (born Johann Christoph Assmann; born 7 July 1938) is a German Egyptologist.

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Jürgen von Beckerath

Jürgen von Beckerath (19 February 1920 – 26 June 2016) was a German Egyptologist.

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Jeanne Crain

Jeanne Elizabeth Crain (May 25, 1925 – December 14, 2003) was an American actress whose career spanned from 1943 to 1975.

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Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.

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Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.

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In Greek mythology, Jocasta, also known as Iocaste (Ἰοκάστη Iokástē) or Epicaste (Ἐπικάστη Epikaste), was a daughter of Menoeceus, a descendant of the Spartoi, and Queen consort of Thebes.

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Johns Hopkins University Press

The Johns Hopkins University Press (also referred to as JHU Press or JHUP) is the publishing division of Johns Hopkins University.

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Joseph and His Brothers

Joseph and His Brothers (Joseph und seine Brüder) is a four-part novel by Thomas Mann, written over the course of 16 years.

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Joshua Norton (artist)

Joshua Norton (b. December 10, 1976) is an American artist, print maker, and designer.

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Kadesh (Syria)

Kadesh (also Qadesh) was an ancient city of the Levant, located on or near the headwaters or a ford of the Orontes River.

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The Karnak Temple Complex, commonly known as Karnak (from Arabic Ka-Ranak meaning "fortified village"), comprises a vast mix of decayed temples, chapels, pylons, and other buildings in Egypt.

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Khan Academy

Khan Academy is a non-profit educational organization created in 2006 by educator Salman Khan with a goal of creating a set of online tools that help educate students.

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Kiya was one of the wives of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten.

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KV55 is a tomb in the Valley of the Kings in Egypt.

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La Reine Soleil

La Reine Soleil (The Sun Queen) is a French animated feature film (French/Hungarian/Belgian co-production) made by Philippe Leclerc.

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Labaya (also transliterated as Labayu or Lib'ayu) was a 14th-century BCE ruler or warlord in the central hill country of southern Canaan.

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List of alleged extraterrestrial beings

This is a list of alleged extraterrestrial beings that have been reported in close encounters, claimed or speculated to be associated with "Unidentified flying objects.".

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List of Egyptologists

This is a partial list of Egyptologists.

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Marfan syndrome

Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a genetic disorder of the connective tissue.

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In the New Kingdom of Egypt, the Medjay (also Medjai, Mazoi, Madjai, Mejay, Egyptian mđʔ.y, a nisba of mđʔ) were an elite paramilitary police force, serving as desert scouts and protectors of areas of Pharaonic interest.

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Meketaten ("Behold the Aten" or "Protected by Aten") was the second daughter of six born to the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten and his Great Royal Wife Nefertiti.

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Meritaten, also spelled Merytaten or Meryetaten (14th century BC), was an ancient Egyptian royal woman of the Eighteenth dynasty.

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Queen Merytre-Hatshepsut (or sometimes Hatshepsut-Meryet-Ra) was the principal wife of Pharaoh Thutmose III and the mother of Amenhotep II.

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Michael Curtiz

Michael Curtiz (born Manó Kaminer; December 24, 1886 April 11, 1962) was a Hungarian-born American film director, recognized as one of the most prolific directors in history.

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Mika Waltari

Mika Toimi Waltari (19 September 1908 – 26 August 1979) was a Finnish writer, best known for his best-selling novel The Egyptian (Sinuhe egyptiläinen).

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Mitanni (Hittite cuneiform; Mittani), also called Hanigalbat (Hanigalbat, Khanigalbat cuneiform) in Assyrian or Naharin in Egyptian texts, was a Hurrian-speaking state in northern Syria and southeast Anatolia from c. 1500 to 1300 BC.

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Monolatry (Greek: μόνος (monos).

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Monotheism has been defined as the belief in the existence of only one god that created the world, is all-powerful and intervenes in the world.

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Moses and Monotheism

Moses and Monotheism (Der Mann Moses und die monotheistische Religion) is a 1939 book about monotheism by Sigmund Freud, published in English translation in the same year.

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Moyra Caldecott

Moyra Caldecott (1 June 1927 – 23 May 2015) was a British author of historical fiction, fantasy, science fiction and non-fiction.

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Mutemwiya (also written as Mutemwia, Mutemuya or Mutemweya) was a minor wife of Thutmose IV, a pharaoh of Egypt, in the Eighteenth Dynasty and the mother of Pharaoh Amenhotep III.

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Naguib Mahfouz

Naguib Mahfouz (نجيب محفوظ,; December 11, 1911 – August 30, 2006) was an Egyptian writer who won the 1988 Nobel Prize for Literature.

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National Film Board of Canada

The National Film Board of Canada (or simply National Film Board or NFB) (French: Office national du film du Canada, or ONF) is Canada's public film and digital media producer and distributor.

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National Health Service

The National Health Service (NHS) is the name used for each of the public health services in the United Kingdom – the National Health Service in England, NHS Scotland, NHS Wales, and Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland – as well as a term to describe them collectively.

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Ankhkheperure-mery-Neferkheperure/ -mery-Waenre/ -mery-Aten Neferneferuaten was a name used to refer to either Meritaten or, more likely, Nefertiti.

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Neferneferuaten Tasherit

Neferneferuaten Tasherit or Neferneferuaten junior (14th century BCE) was an Ancient Egyptian princess of the 18th dynasty and the fourth daughter of Pharaoh Akhenaten and his Great Royal Wife Nefertiti.

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Neferneferure (14th century BCE) was an Ancient Egyptian princess of the 18th dynasty.

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Neferneferuaten Nefertiti (c. 1370 – c. 1330 BC) was an Egyptian queen and the Great Royal Wife (chief consort) of Akhenaten, an Egyptian Pharaoh.

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Nefertiti, Queen of the Nile

Nefertiti, regina del Nilo (English Translation: Nefertiti, Queen of the Nile) is a 1961 Italian Sword-and-sandal historical drama written and directed by Fernando Cerchio and produced for MAX Film by Ottavio Poggi.

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Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt

The Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt (notated Dynasty XIX, alternatively 19th Dynasty or Dynasty 19) is classified as the second Dynasty of the Ancient Egyptian New Kingdom period, lasting from 1292 BC to 1189 BC.

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Nubia is a region along the Nile river encompassing the area between Aswan in southern Egypt and Khartoum in central Sudan.

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Oedipus (Οἰδίπους Oidípous meaning "swollen foot") was a mythical Greek king of Thebes.

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Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.

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Osarseph or Osarsiph (Greek: Ὀσαρσὶφ) is a legendary figure of Ancient Egypt who has been equated with Moses.

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The Ancient Egyptian noble Parennefer was Akhenaten's close advisor before he came to the throne, and in later times served as his Royal Butler, an office which brought him into intimate contact with the king.

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Pauline Gedge

Pauline Gedge (born December 11, 1945) is a Canadian novelist best known for her historical fiction novels, including the best-selling Child of the Morning, The Eagle and the Raven, her fantasy novel Stargate, and her Egyptian trilogies, Lords of the Two Lands and The King’s Men.

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Peter Dorman

Peter FitzGerald Dorman (born 1948) is an epigrapher, philologist, and Egyptologist.

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Pharaoh (ⲡⲣ̅ⲣⲟ Prro) is the common title of the monarchs of ancient Egypt from the First Dynasty (c. 3150 BCE) until the annexation of Egypt by the Roman Empire in 30 BCE, although the actual term "Pharaoh" was not used contemporaneously for a ruler until circa 1200 BCE.

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Pharaohs in the Bible

The Bible makes reference to various pharaohs of Egypt.

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Philip Glass

Philip Glass (born January 31, 1937) is an American composer.

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Polytheism (from Greek πολυθεϊσμός, polytheismos) is the worship of or belief in multiple deities, which are usually assembled into a pantheon of gods and goddesses, along with their own religions and rituals.

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Psalm 104

Psalm 104 (Greek numbering: Psalm 103) is one of the psalms from the Book of Psalms of the Hebrew Bible.

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The Book of Psalms (תְּהִלִּים or, Tehillim, "praises"), commonly referred to simply as Psalms or "the Psalms", is the first book of the Ketuvim ("Writings"), the third section of the Hebrew Bible, and a book of the Christian Old Testament.

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Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques related to the study of the unconscious mind, which together form a method of treatment for mental-health disorders.

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Ra (rꜥ or rˤ; also transliterated rˤw; cuneiform: ri-a or ri-ia) or Re (ⲣⲏ, Rē) is the ancient Egyptian sun god.

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Ramose (TT55)

The Ancient Egyptian noble, Ramose was Vizier under both Amenhotep III and Akhenaten.

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Rib-Hadda (also rendered Rib-Addi, Rib-Addu, Rib-Adda) was king of Byblos during the mid fourteenth century BCE.

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Roy Campbell Jr.

Roy Sinclair Campbell Jr. (September 29, 1952 – January 9, 2014) was an American trumpeter frequently linked to free jazz, although he also performed rhythm and blues and funk during his career.

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Royal Tomb of Akhenaten

The Royal Tomb of Akhenaten is the burial place of the Pharaoh Akhenaten, in the Royal Wadi in Amarna.

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Royal Wadi and tombs

The Royal Wadi (known locally as Wadi Abu Hassah el-Bahari) is a necropolis in Amarna, Egypt.

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Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spine has a sideways curve.

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Season of the Inundation

The Season of the Inundation or Flood (Ꜣḫt) was the first season of the lunar and civil Egyptian calendars.

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Setepenre (princess)

Setepenre or Sotepenre) was an ancient Egyptian princess of the 18th dynasty; sixth and last daughter of Pharaoh Akhenaten and his chief queen Nefertiti.

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Shechem, also spelled Sichem (שְׁכָם / Standard Šəḵem Tiberian Šeḵem, "shoulder"), was a Canaanite city mentioned in the Amarna letters, and is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as an Israelite city of the tribe of Manasseh and the first capital of the Kingdom of Israel.

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Shuti hieroglyph (two-feather adornment)

hieroglyph #2|P7|align.

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Sidon (صيدا, صيدون,; French: Saida; Phoenician: 𐤑𐤃𐤍, Ṣīdūn; Biblical Hebrew:, Ṣīḏōn; Σιδών), translated to 'fishery' or 'fishing-town', is the third-largest city in Lebanon.

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Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.

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Smarthistory is a free resource for the study of art history created by art historians Beth Harris and Steven Zucker.

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Ankhkheperure Smenkhkare Djeser Kheperu (sometimes spelled Smenkhare, Smenkare or Smenkhkara) was a short-lived pharaoh in the late 18th dynasty.

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Solar deity

A solar deity (also sun god or sun goddess) is a sky deity who represents the Sun, or an aspect of it, usually by its perceived power and strength.

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Speculative reason

Speculative reason or pure reason is theoretical (or logical, deductive) thought (sometimes called theoretical reason), as opposed to practical (active, willing) thought.

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Tadukhipa, in the Hurrian language Tadu-Hepa, was the daughter of Tushratta, king of Mitanni (reigned ca. 1382 BC–1342 BC) and his queen Juni, and niece of Artashumara.

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Temple of Amenhotep IV

The Temple of Amenhotep IV is an ancient monument at Karnak in Luxor, Egypt.

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Temporal lobe epilepsy

Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is a chronic disorder of the nervous system characterized by recurrent, unprovoked focal seizures that originate in the temporal lobe of the brain and last about one or two minutes.

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The Egyptian

The Egyptian (Sinuhe egyptiläinen, Sinuhe the Egyptian) is a historical novel by Mika Waltari.

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The Egyptian (film)

The Egyptian is an 1954 American epic drama film made by 20th Century Fox.

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The Mystery of the Great Pyramid, Volume 1: Manetho's Papyrus

The Mystery of the Great Pyramid, Volume 1: Manetho's Papyrus (Le Mystère de la Grande Pyramide, Tome 1) by the Belgian artist Edgar P. Jacobs was the fourth comic book in the Blake and Mortimer series, first published in Tintin magazine from March 23, 1950 to February 21, 1951.

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The Younger Lady

The Younger Lady is the informal name given to a mummy discovered in the Egyptian Valley of the Kings, in tomb KV35 by archaeologist Victor Loret in 1898.

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Thebes, Egypt

Thebes (Θῆβαι, Thēbai), known to the ancient Egyptians as Waset, was an ancient Egyptian city located east of the Nile about south of the Mediterranean.

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Thebes, Greece

Thebes (Θῆβαι, Thēbai,;. Θήβα, Thíva) is a city in Boeotia, central Greece.

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Thomas Mann

Paul Thomas Mann (6 June 1875 – 12 August 1955) was a German novelist, short story writer, social critic, philanthropist, essayist, and the 1929 Nobel Prize in Literature laureate.

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Thutmose (prince)

Thutmose (or, more accurately, Djhutmose) was the eldest son of Pharaoh Amenhotep III and Queen Tiye, who lived during the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt.

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Thutmose (sculptor)

"The King's Favourite and Master of Works, the Sculptor Thutmose" (also spelled Djhutmose, Thutmosis, and Thutmes), flourished 1350 BC, is thought to have been the official court sculptor of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten in the latter part of his reign.

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Thutmose III

Thutmose III (sometimes read as Thutmosis or Tuthmosis III, Thothmes in older history works, and meaning "Thoth is born") was the sixth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty.

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Thutmose IV

Thutmose IV (sometimes read as Thutmosis or Tuthmosis IV, Thothmes in older history works in Latinized Greek; Ancient Egyptian: /ḏḥwty.ms/ Djehutymes, meaning "Thoth is born") was the 8th Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Egypt, who ruled in approximately the 14th century BC.

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Tiaa or Tia'a was an Ancient Egyptian queen during the eighteenth dynasty of Egypt.

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Tiye (c. 1398 BC – 1338 BC, also spelled Taia, Tiy and Tiyi) was the daughter of Yuya and Tjuyu.

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Tjuyu (sometimes transliterated as Thuya or Thuyu) was an Egyptian noblewoman and the mother of queen Tiye, and the wife of Yuya.

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Tomb of Meryra II

The Tomb of Merya II is the royal sepulchre of the Ancient Egyptian noble Meryre II.

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Tomb TT188, located in the necropolis of El-Khokha in Thebes in Egypt, is the tomb of the Steward and King's Cupbearer Parennefer.

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Tomb TT192, located in the necropolis of El-Assasif in Thebes in Egypt, is the tomb of Kheruef, also called Senaa, who was Steward to the Great Royal Wife Tiye, during the reign of Amenhotep III.

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The Theban Tomb TT55 is located in Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, part of the Theban Necropolis, on the west bank of the Nile, opposite to Luxor.

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Tushratta (Sanskrit Tvesa-ratha, "his chariot charges") was a king of Mitanni at the end of the reign of Amenhotep III and throughout the reign of Akhenaten—approximately the late 14th century BC.

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Tutankhamun (alternatively spelled with Tutenkh-, -amen, -amon) was an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty (ruled c. 1332–1323 BC in the conventional chronology), during the period of Egyptian history known as the New Kingdom or sometimes the New Empire Period.

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University of Chicago

The University of Chicago (UChicago, U of C, or Chicago) is a private, non-profit research university in Chicago, Illinois.

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USA Today

USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.

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Vincent Price

Vincent Leonard Price Jr. (May 27, 1911 – October 25, 1993) was an American actor, well known for his distinctive voice and performances in horror films.

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Vizier (Ancient Egypt)

The vizier was the highest official in Ancient Egypt to serve the pharaoh (king) during the Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms.

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William Collins (publisher)

William Collins (12 October 1789–2 January 1853) was a Scottish schoolmaster, editor and publisher who founded William Collins, Sons, now part of HarperCollins.

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William L. Moran

William Lambert Moran (August 11, 1921 – December 19, 2000) was an American Assyriologist.

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Yuya (sometimes Iouiya, also known as Yaa, Ya, Yiya, Yayi, Yu, Yuyu, Yaya, Yiay, Yia, and Yuy) was a powerful Egyptian courtier during the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt (circa 1390 BC).

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Zahi Hawass

Zahi Hawass (زاهي حواس; born May 28, 1947) is an Egyptian archaeologist, an Egyptologist, and former Minister of State for Antiquities Affairs.

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Redirects here:

Achenaton, Ahkenaten, Ahkenaton, Ahknaton, Akenaten, Akenaton, Akenhaten, Akhen-Aton, Akhenaton, Akhnaten, Akhnaten (Amenhotep IV), Akhnaton, Akhnaton I, Amenhotep IV, Amenhotep Iv, Amenhotep iv, Amenophis IV, Amun-hotpe IV, Amunhotep IV, Ankhenaten, Echnaton, Ikhnaton, Ikhnatun, Khuenaten, Pharaoh Akhenaten, Pharaoh Akhenaton, Tutankhamun's father.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akhenaten

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