68 relations: Alexander Alekhine, Anthropophobia, Antwerp, Łódź, Belgium, Boris Gelfand, Carl Schlechter, Chess endgame, Chess opening, ChessBase, Chessgames.com, Chessmetrics, Congress Poland, Emanuel Lasker, Four Knights Game, Frank Marshall (chess player), French Defence, Gersz Salwe, Grandmaster (chess), Hamburg, Hans Kmoch, Harry Nelson Pillsbury, Jeremy Silman, Jews, José Raúl Capablanca, Karel Hromádka, Karlovy Vary, Kiev, List of chess openings named after people, Mikhail Chigorin, Nazi Germany, Nikolay Minev, Nimzo-Indian Defence, Oxford University Press, Pawn (chess), Piešťany, Polanica-Zdrój, Queen (chess), Queen's Gambit Accepted, Queen's Gambit Declined, Queen's Gambit Declined, Rubinstein Trap, Reaktion Books, Reuben Fine, Rook (chess), Rotlewi versus Rubinstein, Rubinstein Memorial, Saint Petersburg, San Sebastián, Schizophrenia, Siegbert Tarrasch, ..., St. Petersburg 1914 chess tournament, Stawiski, Tarrasch Defense, The Oxford Companion to Chess, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw, White and Black in chess, Wilhelm Steinitz, William John Donaldson, World Chess Championship, World Chess Championship 1954, World War I, World War II, Wrocław, Zugzwang, 3rd Chess Olympiad, 4th Chess Olympiad. Expand index (18 more) » « Shrink index
Alexander Alekhine (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Але́хин, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekhin;; March 24, 1946) was a Russian and French chess player and the fourth World Chess Champion.
Anthropophobia or AnthrophobiaWen-Shing Tseng, Handbook of Cultural Psychiatry, San Diego: Academic Press, 2001,, (literally "fear of humans", from άνθρωπος, ánthropos, "human" and φόβος, phóbos, "fear"), also called interpersonal relation phobia or social phobia, is pathological fear of people or human company.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
Łódź (לאדזש, Lodzh; also written as Lodz) is the third-largest city in Poland and an industrial hub.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Boris Abramovich Gelfand (Барыс Абрамавіч Гельфанд, Barys Abramavich Hel'fand; Борис Абрамович Гельфанд, Boris Abramovich Gel'fand; בוריס אברמוביץ' גלפנד; born 24 June 1968) is an Israeli chess Grandmaster.
Carl Schlechter (2 March 1874 – 27 December 1918) was a leading Austrian chess master and theoretician at the turn of the 20th century.
In chess and chess-like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board.
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
ChessBase GmbH is a German company that markets chess software, maintains a chess news site, and operates servers for online chess.
Chessgames.com is an Internet chess community with over 224,000 members.
Chessmetrics is a system for rating chess players devised by Jeff Sonas.
The Kingdom of Poland, informally known as Congress Poland or Russian Poland, was created in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna as a sovereign state of the Russian part of Poland connected by personal union with the Russian Empire under the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland until 1832.
Emanuel Lasker (December 24, 1868 – January 11, 1941) was a German chess player, mathematician, and philosopher who was World Chess Champion for 27 years (from 1894 to 1921).
The Four Knights Game is a chess opening that begins with the moves: This is the most common sequence, but the knights may in any order to reach the same position.
Frank James Marshall (August 10, 1877 – November 9, 1944) was the U.S. Chess Champion from 1909 to 1936, and one of the world's strongest chess players in the early part of the 20th century.
The French Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: This is most commonly followed by 2.d4 d5, with Black intending...c5 at a later stage, attacking White's and gaining on the.
Gersz Salwe (12 December 1862, Warsaw – 15 December 1920, Łódź), also written Salve, was a Polish chess player and grandmaster.
The title Grandmaster (GM) is awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Johann "Hans" Joseph Kmoch (July 25, 1894 in Vienna – February 13, 1973 in New York City) was an Austrian-Dutch-American chess International Master (1950), International Arbiter (1951), and a chess journalist and author, for which he is best known.
Harry Nelson Pillsbury (December 5, 1872 – June 17, 1906) was a leading American chess player.
Jeremy Silman (born August 28, 1954) is an American International Master of chess and writer.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (19 November 1888 – 8 March 1942) was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927.
Karel Hromádka (23 April 1887 in Großweikersdorf, Austria – 16 July 1956) was a Czech chess player, two-time Czech champion, 1913 and 1921 (jointly).
Karlovy Vary or Carlsbad (Karlsbad) is a spa town situated in western Bohemia, Czech Republic, on the confluence of the rivers Ohře and Teplá, approximately west of Prague (Praha).
Kiev or Kyiv (Kyiv; Kiyev; Kyjev) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper.
The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants.
Mikhail Ivanovich Chigorin (also Tchigorin; Михаи́л Ива́нович Чиго́рин; –) was a leading Russian chess player.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Nikolay (or Nikolai) Nikolaev Minev (Николай Минев, 8 November 1931 – 10 March 2017) was a Bulgarian chess International Master (IM) and noted chess author.
The Nimzo-Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Other move orders, such as 1.c4 e6 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.d4 Bb4, are also feasible.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
The pawn (♙,♟) is the most numerous piece in the game of chess, and in most circumstances, also the weakest.
Piešťany (Pistyan, Pöstyén, Pieszczany, Píšťany) is a town in Slovakia.
Polanica-Zdrój (Altheide-Bad) is a town in Kłodzko County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland.
The queen (♕,♛) is the most powerful piece in the game of chess, able to move any number of squares vertically, horizontally or diagonally.
The Queen's Gambit Accepted (or QGA) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Queen's Gambit Accepted is the third most popular option on Black's second move, after 2...e6 (the Queen's Gambit Declined) and 2...c6 (the Slav Defense).
The Queen's Gambit Declined (or QGD) is a chess opening in which Black declines a pawn offered by White in the Queen's Gambit: This is known as the Orthodox Line of the Queen's Gambit Declined.
The Rubinstein Trap is a chess opening trap in the Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense.
Reaktion Books is an independent book publisher based in Islington, London, England.
Reuben Fine (October 11, 1914 – March 26, 1993) was an American chess grandmaster, psychologist, university professor, and author of many books on both chess and psychology.
A rook (♖,♜) is a piece in the strategy board game of chess.
Rotlewi versus Rubinstein is a game of chess played between Gersz Rotlewi and Akiba Rubinstein in Łódź, Poland in 1907.
The Rubinstein Memorial is an annual chess tournament held in Polanica-Zdrój, Poland in honour of the chess legend Akiba Rubinstein.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
San Sebastián or Donostia is a coastal city and municipality located in the Basque Autonomous Community, Spain.
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to understand reality.
Siegbert Tarrasch (5 March 1862 – 17 February 1934) was one of the strongest chess players and most influential chess teachers of the late 19th and early 20th century.
Stawiski is a town in northeastern Poland, situated within Kolno County, in Podlaskie Voivodeship, approximately east of Kolno and west of the regional capital Białystok.
The Tarrasch Defense is a chess opening characterized by the moves: The Tarrasch is a variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined.
The Oxford Companion to Chess is a reference book on the game of chess, written by David Hooper and Kenneth Whyld.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
Vilnius (see also other names) is the capital of Lithuania and its largest city, with a population of 574,221.
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
In chess, the player who moves first is referred to as "White" and the player who moves second is referred to as "Black".
Wilhelm (later William) Steinitz (May 17, 1836 – August 12, 1900) was an Austrian and later American chess master, and the first undisputed World Chess Champion, from 1886 to 1894.
William John Donaldson (born September 24, 1958, in Los Angeles) is an International Master of chess.
The World Chess Championship (sometimes abbreviated as WCC) is played to determine the World Champion in chess.
The 1954 World Chess Championship was played between Mikhail Botvinnik and Vasily Smyslov in Moscow from March 16 to May 13, 1954.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wrocław (Breslau; Vratislav; Vratislavia) is the largest city in western Poland.
Zugzwang (German for "compulsion to move") is a situation found in chess and other games wherein one player is put at a disadvantage because they must make a move when they would prefer to pass and not move.
The 3rd Chess Olympiad, organized by the FIDE and comprising an open and women's tournament, as well as several events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between July 13 and July 27, 1930, in Hamburg, Germany.
The 4th Chess Olympiad, organized by the Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE) and comprising an open and (unofficial) women's tournament, as well as several events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between July 11 and July 26, 1931, in Prague, Czechoslovakia.