100 relations: Abolition of monarchy, Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, Alfred, 2nd Prince of Montenuovo, Almanach de Gotha, Alois, Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein, Altshausen, Andechs Abbey, Antler, Archduchess Auguste Ferdinande of Austria, Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria, Archduke Ferdinand Karl Viktor of Austria-Este, Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary, Bavaria, Berchtesgaden, Berg Castle (Bavaria), Brandenburg, Burke's Peerage, Carl, Duke of Württemberg, Carlota Joaquina of Spain, Caroline of Baden, Constantine, Hereditary Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, Countess Maria Draskovich of Trakostjan, Countess Marie-Jenke Keglevich of Buzin, Croatian nobility, Dachau concentration camp, Diane, Duchess of Württemberg, Drašković family, Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg, Duchess Marie Gabrielle in Bavaria, Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria, Duke Pius August in Bavaria, Fürst, Fila Brasileiro, Francis IV, Duke of Modena, Franz, Duke of Bavaria, Friedrich Wetter, German Empire, German Revolution of 1918–19, Greek crown jewels, Honorary degree, House law, House of Stuart, House of Württemberg, House of Wittelsbach, Hugh Massingberd, Hunting, Imperial Count, Infanta Maria Josepha of Portugal, Jacobite succession, Jacobitism, ..., John VI of Portugal, Justus Perthes, Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria, King of Bavaria, Kingdom of Bavaria, Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Ludwig I of Bavaria, Ludwig III of Bavaria, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria, Maltzahn, Maria Beatrice of Savoy, Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (1849–1919), Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma, Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria, Miguel I of Portugal, Munich, Nazi concentration camps, Nazi Germany, Nazi Party, Oranienburg, Order of Merit of the Principality of Liechtenstein, Order of the Crown (Württemberg), Order of the Holy Sepulchre, Otto of Greece, Paul of Greece, Prince Heinrich of Bavaria (1922–1958), Prince Max, Duke in Bavaria, Princess Agnes of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, Princess Amélie Louise of Arenberg, Princess Elisabeth, Duchess in Bavaria, Princess Ludovika of Bavaria, Princess Maria Anna of Saxony (1799–1832), Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Munich and Freising, Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria, Sachsenhausen concentration camp, Sárvár, Sophie, Hereditary Princess of Liechtenstein, St. George's Abbey, Isny, Starnberg, Tegernsee, Theatine Church, Munich, Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, Tyrol (state), United States Army, Vaduz, Vas County, Waldburg-Zeil, World War I, World War II. Expand index (50 more) » « Shrink index
The abolition of monarchy involves the ending of monarchical elements in the government of a country.
Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (3 April 1831 – 16 December 1909) was the wife of King Miguel I of Portugal but only following his deposition.
Alfred, 2nd Prince of Montenuovo and Grandee of Spain (16 September 18546 September 1927) was one of the highest court officials of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria.
The Almanach de Gotha (Gothaischer Hofkalender) was a directory of Europe's royalty and higher nobility, also including the major governmental, military and diplomatic corps, as well as statistical data by country.
Alois, Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein, Count Rietberg (born 11 June 1968, full name: Alois Philipp Maria), is the eldest son of Hans Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein, and Countess Marie Aglaë Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau.
Altshausen is a small Swabian municipality (c. 4,700 inhabitants) near Ravensburg, Baden-Württemberg, southern Germany.
The Benedictine priory and erstwhile abbey of Andechs is a place of pilgrimage on a hill east of the Ammersee in the ''Landkreis'' of Starnberg (Upper Bavaria) in Germany, in the municipality Andechs.
Antlers are extensions of an animal's skull found in members of the deer family.
Archduchess Auguste Ferdinande of Austria (1 April 1825, Florence – 26 April 1864, Munich), was the daughter of Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and his first wife, Maria Anna of Saxony.
Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska Maria of Austria (17 January 1831 – 14 February 1903) was born in Ofen (Buda), Hungary, the daughter of Palatine Joseph of Hungary (1776–1847) and his third wife Maria Dorothea of Württemberg (1797–1855).
Ferdinand Karl Viktor (20 July 1821 – 15 December 1849) was Archduke of Austria-Este and Prince of Modena.
Joseph Anton Johann, Archduke of Austria (9 March 1776, Florence – 13 January 1847, Buda), was the Palatine of Hungary from 1796 to 1847.
Bavaria (Bavarian and Bayern), officially the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner.
Berchtesgaden is a municipality in the Bavarian Alps of southeastern Germany.
Berg Castle (Schloss Berg) is a manor house situated on the east shore of Lake Starnberg in the village of Berg in Upper Bavaria, Germany.
Brandenburg (Brannenborg, Lower Sorbian: Bramborska, Braniborsko) is one of the sixteen federated states of Germany.
Burke's Peerage Limited is a British genealogical publisher founded in 1826, when Irish genealogist John Burke began releasing books devoted to the ancestry and heraldry of the peerage, baronetage, knightage and landed gentry of the United Kingdom.
Carl Maria Peter Ferdinand Philipp Albrecht Joseph Michael Pius Konrad Robert Ulrich Herzog von Württemberg (born 1 August 1936) is the current head of the House of Württemberg.
Doña Carlota Joaquina of Spain (Carlota Joaquina Teresa Cayetana; 25 April 1775 – 7 January 1830), was by birth a member of the Spanish branch of the House of Bourbon and Infanta of Spain and by marriage Queen consort of Portugal and the Algarves (and later of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves) and titular Empress consort of Brazil.
Caroline of Baden (Friederike Karoline Wilhelmine von Baden; 13 July 1776 – 13 November 1841) was by marriage an Electress of Bavaria and later the first Queen consort of Bavaria by marriage to Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria.
Constantine Josef, Hereditary Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (28 September 1802 Kleinheubach, near Miltenberg – 27 December 1838, Kleinheubach), was the eldest son and heir of Charles Thomas, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg and his wife, Sophie of Windisch-Graetz.
Countess Maria Draskovich von Trakostjan (8 March 190410 June 1969) was the first wife of Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria, head of the House of Wittelsbach and claimant to the abolished throne of the Kingdom of Bavaria from 1955 to 1969,Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser XVI.
Countess Marie-Jenke Keglevich of Buzin (23 April 19215 October 1983) was the second wife of Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria, head of the House of Wittelsbach and pretender to the Kingdom of Bavaria from 1955 to 1996 as well as Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland, Ireland and France.
Croatian nobility (lit; la noblesse) was a privileged social class in Croatia during the Antiquity and Medieval periods of the country's history.
Dachau concentration camp (Konzentrationslager (KZ) Dachau) was the first of the Nazi concentration camps opened in Germany, intended to hold political prisoners.
Diane, Duchess of Württemberg (née Princess Diane Françoise Maria da Gloria de Orléans; born 24 March 1940) is a French princess who is married to Carl, Duke of Württemberg, head of the House of Württemberg.
The Drašković, also spelled Draskovich in English, is one of the oldest Croatian noble families, originally descended from lower-rank nobility of the Lika region.
Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg (Maria Dorothea Luise Wilhelmine Caroline; 1 November 1797 in Carlsruhe (now Pokój), Silesia – 30 March 1855 in Budapest, Hungary) was the daughter of Duke Louis of Württemberg (1756–1817) and Princess Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg (1780–1857).
Duchess Marie Gabrielle in Bavaria (Marie Gabrielle Mathilde Isabelle Therese Antoinette Sabine Herzogin in Bayern) was born 9 October 1878 in Tegernsee in the Kingdom of Bavaria and died 24 October 1912 in Sorrento in the Kingdom of Italy).
Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria (4 December 1808 – 15 November 1888), known informally as Max in Bayern, was a member of a junior branch of the House of Wittelsbach and a promoter of Bavarian folk-music.
Duke Pius August in Bavaria, full German name: Pius August Herzog in Bayern (born 1 August 1786 in Landshut, Electorate of Bavaria; died 3 August 1837 in Bayreuth, Kingdom of Bavaria) was a Duke in Bavaria as a member of the Palatine Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen line of the House of Wittelsbach.
Fürst (female form Fürstin, plural Fürsten; from Old High German furisto, "the first", a translation of the Latin princeps) is a German word for a ruler and is also a princely title.
The Fila Brasileiro also known as the Brazilian Mastiff is a large working breed of dog developed in Brazil.
Francis IV Joseph Charles Ambrose Stanislaus (Italian: Francesco IV Giuseppe Carlo Ambrogio Stanislao d'Asburgo-Este; 6 October 1779 – 21 January 1846) was Duke of Modena, Reggio, and Mirandola (from 1815), Duke of Massa and Prince of Carrara (from 1829), Archduke of Austria-Este, Royal Prince of Hungary and Bohemia, Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece.
Franz, Duke of Bavaria (German: Franz Bonaventura Adalbert Maria Herzog von Bayern; born 14 July 1933) is head of the House of Wittelsbach, the former ruling family of the Kingdom of Bavaria.
Friedrich Wetter (born 20 February 1928) is a German cardinal of the Catholic Church.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
The German Revolution or November Revolution (Novemberrevolution) was a civil conflict in the German Empire at the end of the First World War that resulted in the replacement of the German federal constitutional monarchy with a democratic parliamentary republic that later became known as the Weimar Republic.
When Otto of Bavaria became the first King of Greece in 1832 when the great European powers forced the militarily chastened Ottoman Empire to formally accept its independence, he had no crown or associated regalia.
An honorary degree, in Latin a degree honoris causa ("for the sake of the honor") or ad honorem ("to the honor"), is an academic degree for which a university (or other degree-awarding institution) has waived the usual requirements, such as matriculation, residence, a dissertation and the passing of comprehensive examinations.
House law or House laws (Hausgesetze) are rules that govern a royal family or dynasty in matters of eligibility for succession to a throne, membership in a dynasty, exercise of a regency, or entitlement to dynastic rank, titles and styles.
The House of Stuart, originally Stewart, was a European royal house that originated in Scotland.
The Württemberg family is a German royal family and dynasty from Württemberg.
The House of Wittelsbach is a European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria.
Hugh John Massingberd (30 December 1946 – 25 December 2007), originally Hugh John Montgomery and known from 1963 to 1992 as Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd, was an English journalist and genealogist.
Hunting is the practice of killing or trapping animals, or pursuing or tracking them with the intent of doing so.
Imperial Count (Reichsgraf) was a title in the Holy Roman Empire.
Infanta Maria José of Portugal (Maria José Joana Eulália Leopoldina Adelaide Isabel Carolina Micaela Rafaela Gabriela Francisca de Assis e de Paula Inês Sofia Joaquina Teresa Benedita Bernardina; 19 March 1857 – 11 March 1943), sometimes known in English as Maria Josepha, was a Portuguese infanta, later Duchess in Bavaria by marriage.
The Jacobite succession is the line through which the crown in pretence of England and Scotland and Ireland (France also claimed) has descended since the flight of James II & VII from London at the time of the "Glorious Revolution".
Jacobitism (Seumasachas, Seacaibíteachas, Séamusachas) was a political movement in Great Britain and Ireland that aimed to restore the Roman Catholic Stuart King James II of England and Ireland (as James VII in Scotland) and his heirs to the thrones of England, Scotland, France and Ireland.
John VI (Portuguese: João VI; –), nicknamed "the Clement", was King of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves from 1816 to 1825.
Johann Georg Justus Perthes (11 September 1749, Rudolstadt, Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt – 2 May 1816, Gotha, Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg) was a German publisher and founder of the publishing house that bears his name.
Karl-Theodor, Duke in Bavaria (9 August 1839 – 30 November 1909), was a member of the House of Wittelsbach and a professional oculist.
King of Bavaria was a title held by the hereditary Wittelsbach rulers of Bavaria in the state known as the Kingdom of Bavaria from 1805 until 1918, when the kingdom was abolished.
The Kingdom of Bavaria (Königreich Bayern) was a German state that succeeded the former Electorate of Bavaria in 1805 and continued to exist until 1918.
Leopold II (Italian: Leopoldo Giovanni Giuseppe Francesco Ferdinando Carlo, German: Leopold Johann Joseph Franz Ferdinand Karl, English: Leopold John Joseph Francis Ferdinand Charles; 3 October 1797 – 29 January 1870) was Grand Duke of Tuscany (1824–1859).
Ludwig I (also rendered in English as Louis I; 25 August 1786 – 29 February 1868) was king of Bavaria from 1825 until the 1848 revolutions in the German states.
Ludwig III (Ludwig Luitpold Josef Maria Aloys Alfried; Louis Leopold Joseph Mary Aloysius Alfred; 7 January 1845 – 18 October 1921) was the last King of Bavaria, reigning from 1913 to 1918.
Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (also referred to as LMU or the University of Munich, in German: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München) is a public research university located in Munich, Germany.
Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria (Prinzregent Luitpold Karl Joseph Wilhelm Ludwig von Bayern) (12 March 1821 – 12 December 1912), was the de facto ruler of Bavaria from 1886 to 1912, due to the incapacity of his nephews, King Ludwig II for three days and King Otto for 26 years.
Maltzahn or Maltzan is a German surname.
Maria Beatrice of Savoy (Maria Beatrice Vittoria Giuseppina; 6 December 1792 – 15 September 1840) was a Princess of Savoy and Duchess of Modena by marriage.
Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (Maria Theresa Henriette Dorothee; 2 July 1849 – 3 February 1919) was the last Queen of Bavaria.
Marie Louise (Maria Ludovica Leopoldina Franziska Therese Josepha Lucia; Italian: Maria Luigia Leopoldina Francesca Teresa Giuseppa Lucia; 12 December 1791 – 17 December 1847) was an Austrian archduchess who reigned as Duchess of Parma from 1814 until her death.
Maximilian I Joseph (27 May 1756 – 13 October 1825) was Duke of Zweibrücken from 1795 to 1799, Prince-Elector of Bavaria (as Maximilian IV Joseph) from 1799 to 1806, then King of Bavaria (as Maximilian I Joseph) from 1806 to 1825.
Dom Miguel I (English: Michael I; 26 October 1802 – 14 November 1866), "the Absolutist" ("o Absolutista") or "the Traditionalist" ("o Tradicionalista"), was the King of Portugal between 1828 and 1834, the seventh child and third son of King João VI (John VI) and his queen, Carlota Joaquina of Spain.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps (Konzentrationslager, KZ or KL) throughout the territories it controlled before and during the Second World War.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
The National Socialist German Workers' Party (abbreviated NSDAP), commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party, was a far-right political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945 and supported the ideology of Nazism.
Oranienburg is a town in Brandenburg, Germany.
The Order of Merit of the Principality of Liechtenstein (Fürstlich liechtensteinischer Verdienstorden) is an order of merit of the Principality of Liechtenstein that is awarded for services rendered to the principality.
The Order of the Württemberg Crown was an order of chivalry in Württemberg.
The Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem (Ordo Equestris Sancti Sepulcri Hierosolymitani, OESSH), also called Order of the Holy Sepulchre or Knights of the Holy Sepulchre, is a Roman Catholic order of knighthood under the protection of the Holy See.
Otto (Óthon; 1 June 1815 – 26 July 1867) was a Bavarian prince who became the first modern King of Greece in 1832 under the Convention of London.
Paul (Παύλος, Pávlos; 14 December 1901 – 6 March 1964) was King of Greece from 1947 until his death in 1964.
Prince Heinrich of Bavaria (Heinrich Franz Wilhelm Prinz von Bayern) (28 March 1922 – 14 February 1958) was a member of the Bavarian Royal House of Wittelsbach.
Max-Emanuel Ludwig Maria Herzog in Bayern (sometimes styled Prince Max of Bavaria, Duke in Bavaria; born 21 January 1937) as the younger son of Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria, is the heir presumptive to both the headship of the former Bavarian royal house and the Jacobite Succession.
Princess Marie Agnes Henriette of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, full German name: Marie Agnes Henriette, Prinzessin zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg (5 December 1804, Langenburg, Principality of Hohenlohe-Langenburg – 9 September 1835, Haid, Kingdom of Bohemia, Austrian Empire) was a member of the House of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and a Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg by birth.
Princess Amélie Louise d'Arenberg, full German name: Amalie Luise, Prinzessin und Herzogin von Arenberg and full French name: Amélie Louise, princesse et duchesse d'Arenberg, (born 10 April 1789 in Brussels, Austrian Netherlands; died 4 April 1823 in Bamberg, Kingdom of Bavaria) was a member of the House of Arenberg by birth and, through her marriage to Duke Pius August in Bavaria, a member of the Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen line of the House of Wittelsbach.
Princess Elisabeth, Duchess in Bavaria (born 31 December 1940) is the wife of Prince Max, Duke in Bavaria, heir presumptive to both the former Bavarian Royal House and the Jacobite Succession.
Princess Ludovika of Bavaria (Marie Ludovika Wilhelmine; Mary Louise Wilhelmina; 30 August 1808 – 25 January 1892) was the sixth child of King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and his second wife, Karoline of Baden, and the mother of Empress Elisabeth of Austria.
Marie Anna of Saxony, Grand Duchess of Tuscany (15 November 1799 – 24 March 1832), (full name: Maria Anna Carolina Josepha Vincentia Xaveria Nepomucena Franziska de Paula Franziska de Chantal Johanna Antonia Elisabeth Cunigunde Gertrud Leopoldina), was a princess of Saxony.
The Archdiocese of Munich and Freising (Erzbistum München und Freising, Archidioecesis Monacensis et Frisingensis) is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in Bavaria, Germany.
Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria (Rupprecht Maria Luitpold Ferdinand; 18 May 1869 – 2 August 1955) was the last heir apparent to the Bavarian throne.
Sachsenhausen ("Saxon's Houses") or Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg was a Nazi concentration camp in Oranienburg, Germany, used primarily for political prisoners from 1936 to the end of the Third Reich in May 1945.
Sárvár (Kotenburg, Rotenturm an der Raab., Mala Sela) is a town in Hungary in Vas.
Sophie, Hereditary Princess of Liechtenstein (born Duchess Sophie in Bavaria; 28 October 1967 in Munich), is the wife of Alois, Hereditary Prince and Regent of Liechtenstein.
Starnberg is a German town in Bavaria, Germany, some southwest of Munich.
Tegernsee is a town in the Miesbach district of Bavaria, Germany.
The Theatine Church of St. Cajetan (German: Theatinerkirche St. Kajetan) is a Catholic church in Munich, southern Germany. Built from 1663 to 1690, it was founded by Elector Ferdinand Maria and his wife, Henriette Adelaide of Savoy, as a gesture of thanks for the birth of the long-awaited heir to the Bavarian crown, Prince Max Emanuel, in 1662. Now administered by the Dominican Friars, it is also known as the Dominican Priory of St. Cajetan. The church was built in Italian high-Baroque style, inspired by Sant'Andrea della Valle in Rome, designed by the Italian architect Agostino Barelli. His successor, Enrico Zuccalli, added two 66 meters high towers, originally not planned, and then finished the high dome in 1690. The church is long and wide. The facade in Rococo style was completed only in 1768 by François de Cuvilliés. Its Mediterranean appearance and yellow coloring became a well known symbol for the city and had much influence on Southern German Baroque architecture.
Therese Charlotte Luise of Saxony-Hildburghausen (Therese of Bavaria; 8 July 1792 – 26 October 1854) was a queen consort of Bavaria as the wife of Ludwig I, King of Bavaria.
Tyrol (Tirol; Tirolo) is a federal state (Bundesland) in western Austria.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
Vaduz is the capital of Liechtenstein and also the seat of the national parliament.
Vas (Vas megye,;; or županija Železna) is an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in present Hungary, and also in the former Kingdom of Hungary.
Waldburg-Zeil was a County ruled by the House of Waldburg, located in southeastern Baden-Württemberg, Germany, located around Schloss Zeil, near Leutkirch im Allgäu.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.