131 relations: Alcatel Mobile, Alcatel-Lucent Enterprise, Alexander Graham Bell, Alsace, Alstom, Ambroise Roux, Arno Allan Penzias, AT&T, AT&T Corporation, Bari, Battipaglia, Bell Labs, Bell System, Ben Verwaayen, Boulogne-Billancourt, Breakup of the Bell System, Brussels, C (programming language), Calvin Souther Fuller, Cegelec, Cellular network, Chairman, Charge-coupled device, Charles H. Townes, Chief executive officer, Cleveland, Clinton Davisson, Cosmic microwave background, Costa Rica, Dassault Aviation, Dell, Dennis Ritchie, Digital signal processor, Douglas H. Ring, Elisha Gray, Ericsson, Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, France, Gateway, Inc., Genesys (company), Genoa, George E. Smith, Gerald Pearson, Giza, Hilversum, Honduras, Huawei, Information theory, Initial public offering, Internet Protocol, ..., IPTV, ITT Inc., Jean-Cyril Spinetta, Jeong H. Kim, Ken Thompson, Landline, Laser, Lombardy, Lucent, Malaysia, Malmesbury, Michel Combes, MIT Technology Review, Mobile phone, Mobile World Congress, Motive, Inc, Moving Picture Experts Group, MP3, Mulhouse, Naples, National Academy of Engineering, Networking hardware, Newbridge Networks, Newegg, Nobel Prize, Nokia, Nokia Networks, Nortel, Nozay, Essonne, OpenPlug, Operating system, Optical fiber, Overstock.com, Paris, Patricia Russo, Permira, Philippe Camus (businessman), Pierre Suard, PRX (telephony), Prysmian Group, Research and development, Rieti, Robert Woodrow Wilson, Rome, S.A. (corporation), Serge Tchuruk, Sesto Fiorentino, Shopping cart software, Siae Microelettronica, Software, Solar cell, Stuart E. Eizenstat, Taiwan, TAT-1, TCL Corporation, Technological convergence, Telecommunications equipment, Telephone, Telespazio, Telstar, TGV, Thales Alenia Space, Thales Group, The Hague, Transistor, Trieste, U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, UMTS, United States circuit court, United States Department of Justice, Unix, Vacuum tube, Vimercate, W. Rae Young, Wavelength-division multiplexing, Western Electric, Willard Boyle, Wim Sweldens, 5ESS Switching System, 7th arrondissement of Paris, 8th arrondissement of Paris. Expand index (81 more) » « Shrink index
Alcatel (formerly Alcatel OneTouch) is a French brand of mobile handsets owned by Finnish consumer electronics company Nokia and used under license by Chinese electronics company TCL Corporation.
ALE International, SAS, operating as Alcatel-Lucent Enterprise, is a French company headquartered in Colombes, France, providing enterprise communication services.
Alexander Graham Bell (March 3, 1847 – August 2, 1922) was a Scottish-born scientist, inventor, engineer, and innovator who is credited with inventing and patenting the first practical telephone.
Alsace (Alsatian: ’s Elsass; German: Elsass; Alsatia) is a cultural and historical region in eastern France, on the west bank of the upper Rhine next to Germany and Switzerland.
Alstom is a French multinational company operating worldwide in rail transport markets, active in the fields of passenger transportation, signalling and locomotives, with products including the AGV, TGV, Eurostar, and Pendolino high-speed trains, in addition to suburban, regional and metro trains, and Citadis trams.
Ambroise Roux (26 June 1921 – 4 April 1999) was a French businessman and political advisor.
Arno Allan Penzias (born 26 April 1933) is an American physicist, radio astronomer and Nobel laureate in physics who is co-discoverer of the cosmic microwave background radiation along with Robert Woodrow Wilson, which helped establish the Big Bang theory of cosmology.
AT&T Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered at Whitacre Tower in Downtown Dallas, Texas.
AT&T Corp., originally the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, is the subsidiary of AT&T that provides voice, video, data, and Internet telecommunications and professional services to businesses, consumers, and government agencies.
Bari (Barese: Bare; Barium; translit) is the capital city of the Metropolitan City of Bari and of the Apulia region, on the Adriatic Sea, in southern Italy.
Battipaglia is a town and a comune in the province of Salerno, in the Campania region of south-western Italy.
Nokia Bell Labs (formerly named AT&T Bell Laboratories, Bell Telephone Laboratories and Bell Labs) is an American research and scientific development company, owned by Finnish company Nokia.
The Bell System was the system of companies, led by the Bell Telephone Company and later by AT&T, which provided telephone services to much of the United States and Canada from 1877 to 1984, at various times as a monopoly.
Bernardus Johannes Maria "Ben" Verwaayen (born February 11, 1952) is a Dutch businessman and a general partner of Keen Venture Partners.
Boulogne-Billancourt (often colloquially called simply Boulogne, until 1924 Boulogne-sur-Seine) is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France.
The breakup of the Bell System was mandated on January 8, 1982, by an agreed consent decree providing that AT&T Corporation would, as had been initially proposed by AT&T, relinquish control of the Bell Operating Companies that had provided local telephone service in the United States and Canada up until that point.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
Calvin Souther Fuller (May 25, 1902 – October 28, 1994) was a physical chemist at AT&T Bell Laboratories where he worked for 37 years from 1930 to 1967.
Cegelec is a French electrical engineering company providing electrical power installation, HVAC, information technology and other services to public and private companies.
A cellular network or mobile network is a communication network where the last link is wireless.
The chairman (also chairperson, chairwoman or chair) is the highest officer of an organized group such as a board, a committee, or a deliberative assembly.
A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.
Charles Hard Townes (July 28, 1915 – January 27, 2015) was an American physicist and inventor of the maser and laser.
Chief executive officer (CEO) is the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, administrator, or other leader in charge of managing an organization especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County.
Clinton Joseph Davisson (October 22, 1881 – February 1, 1958), was an American physicist who won the 1937 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of electron diffraction in the famous Davisson-Germer experiment.
The cosmic microwave background (CMB, CMBR) is electromagnetic radiation as a remnant from an early stage of the universe in Big Bang cosmology.
Costa Rica ("Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island.
Dassault Aviation SA is an international French aircraft manufacturer of military, regional, and business jets, a subsidiary of Dassault Group.
Dell (stylized as DELL) is an American multinational computer technology company based in Round Rock, Texas, United States, that develops, sells, repairs, and supports computers and related products and services.
Dennis MacAlistair Ritchie (September 9, 1941 – October 12, 2011) was an American computer scientist.
A digital signal processor (DSP) is a specialized microprocessor (or a SIP block), with its architecture optimized for the operational needs of digital signal processing.
Douglas H. Ring (March 28, 1907 in Montana – September 8, 2000 in Red Bank, New Jersey) was one of the Bell Labs engineers that invented the cell phone.
Elisha Gray (August 2, 1835 – January 21, 1901) was an American electrical engineer who co-founded the Western Electric Manufacturing Company.
Ericsson (Telefonaktiebolaget L. M. Ericsson) is a Swedish multinational networking and telecommunications company headquartered in Stockholm.
The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977 (FCPA) (et seq.) is a United States federal law known primarily for two of its main provisions, one that addresses accounting transparency requirements under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and another concerning bribery of foreign officials.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Gateway Inc. was an American computer hardware company based in South Dakota and later California, that developed, manufactured, supported, and marketed a wide range of personal computers, computer monitors, servers, and computer accessories.
Genesys, (also known as Genesys Telecommunications Laboratories, Inc.), is a company that sells customer experience and call center technology to mid-sized and large businesses.
Genoa (Genova,; Zêna; English, historically, and Genua) is the capital of the Italian region of Liguria and the sixth-largest city in Italy.
George Elwood Smith (born May 10, 1930) is an American scientist, applied physicist, and co-inventor of the charge-coupled device (CCD).
Gerald L. Pearson (March 31, 1905 – October 25, 1987) was a physicist whose work on silicon rectifiers at Bell Labs led to the invention of the solar cell.
Giza (sometimes spelled Gizah or Jizah; الجيزة; ϯⲡⲉⲣⲥⲏⲥ, ⲅⲓⲍⲁ) is the third-largest city in Egypt and the capital of the Giza Governorate.
Hilversum is a city and municipality in the province of North Holland, Netherlands.
Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras (República de Honduras), is a republic in Central America.
Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. is a Chinese multinational networking, telecommunications equipment, and services company headquartered in Shenzhen, Guangdong.
Information theory studies the quantification, storage, and communication of information.
Initial public offering (IPO) or stock market launch is a type of public offering in which shares of a company are sold to institutional investors and usually also retail (individual) investors; an IPO is underwritten by one or more investment banks, who also arrange for the shares to be listed on one or more stock exchanges.
The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries.
Internet Protocol television (IPTV) is the delivery of television content over Internet Protocol (IP) networks.
ITT Inc., formerly ITT Corporation, is an American worldwide manufacturing company based in White Plains, New York.
Jean-Cyril Spinetta (born 4 October 1943) is a French businessman currently chairman of the airline holding company Air France-KLM Group and chairman of the nuclear company AREVA.
Jeong Hun Kim (김종훈; born August 13, 1960) is a South Korean-born U.S. technology entrepreneur, businessman, and philanthropist.
Kenneth Lane "Ken" Thompson (born February 4, 1943), commonly referred to as ken in hacker circles, is an American pioneer of computer science.
A landline telephone (also known as land line, land-line, main line, home phone, landline, fixed-line, and wireline) is a phone that uses a metal wire or optical fiber telephone line for transmission as distinguished from a mobile cellular line, which uses radio waves for transmission.
A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation.
Lombardy (Lombardia; Lumbardia, pronounced: (Western Lombard), (Eastern Lombard)) is one of the twenty administrative regions of Italy, in the northwest of the country, with an area of.
Lucent Technologies, Inc., was an American multinational telecommunications equipment company headquartered in Murray Hill, New Jersey, in the United States.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Malmesbury is a market town and civil parish in the southern Cotswolds in the county of Wiltshire, England.
Michel Combes (born March 29, 1962) is a French businessman.
MIT Technology Review is a magazine published by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.
The GSMA Mobile World Congress is the world's largest exhibition for the mobile industry, incorporating a thought-leadership conference that features prominent executives representing mobile operators, device manufacturers, technology providers, vendors and content owners from across the world.
Motive, Inc. (previously known as Motive Communications) was a software manufacturer founded in May 1997 and headquartered in Austin, Texas.
The Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) is a working group of authorities that was formed by ISO and IEC to set standards for audio and video compression and transmission.
MP3 (formally MPEG-1 Audio Layer III or MPEG-2 Audio Layer III) is an audio coding format for digital audio.
Mulhouse (Alsatian: Milhüsa or Milhüse,;; i.e. mill house) is a city and commune in eastern France, close to the Swiss and German borders.
Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.
The National Academy of Engineering (NAE) is an American nonprofit, non-governmental organization.
Networking hardware, also known as network equipment or computer networking devices, are physical devices which are required for communication and interaction between devices on a computer network.
Newbridge Networks was an Ottawa, Ontario, Canada company founded by Welsh-Canadian entrepreneur Sir Terry Matthews.
Newegg Inc. is an online retailer of items including computer hardware and consumer electronics.
The Nobel Prize (Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset; Nobelprisen) is a set of six annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.
Nokia is a Finnish multinational telecommunications, information technology, and consumer electronics company, founded in 1865.
Nokia Networks (formerly Nokia Solutions and Networks (NSN) and Nokia Siemens Networks (NSN) is a multinational data networking and telecommunications equipment company headquartered in Espoo, Finland, and wholly owned subsidiary of Nokia Corporation. It started as a joint venture between Nokia of Finland and Siemens of Germany known as Nokia Siemens Networks. Nokia Networks has operations in around 120 countries. In 2013, Nokia acquired 100% of Nokia Networks, buying all of Siemens' shares. In April 2014, NSN name was phased out as part of rebranding process.
Nortel Networks Corporation, formerly known as Northern Telecom Limited, Northern Electric and sometimes known simply as Nortel, was a multinational telecommunications and data networking equipment manufacturer headquartered in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada.
Nozay is a commune in the Essonne department in Île-de-France in northern France.
OpenPlug is a French company focused on mobile applications development tools and software for mobile phones.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
An optical fiber or optical fibre is a flexible, transparent fiber made by drawing glass (silica) or plastic to a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair.
Overstock.com, Inc. is an American internet retailer headquartered in Midvale, Utah, near Salt Lake City.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Patricia F. Russo (born June 12, 1952, in Trenton, New Jersey is an American businessperson. Russo is most widely known for having served as Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Lucent Technologies, and its successor, Alcatel-Lucent, a large communications equipment manufacturer. She currently serves on the Board of Directors of General Motors, Merck & Co., and Arconic, Inc. She serves as Chairwoman of the nonprofit organization, Partnership at Drugfree.org. Prior to the split of Hewlett-Packard into two companies in 2015, Russo served as Lead Independent Director. She now serves as Chairwoman of Hewlett Packard Enterprise. Forbes Magazine rated Russo as 10th on its List of the World's 100 Most Powerful Women in 2006., from the 2006 Forbes "List of the 100 Most Powerful Women".
Permira is a European private equity firm.
Philippe Camus (born 28 June 1948) is a French businessman.
Pierre Suard, born November 9, 1934 in Lons-le-Saunier, France, is an engineer, French senior official, and director of national companies.
The PRX205 (PRX/A) is a processor controlled reed relay telephone exchange developed by Philips Telecommunicatie Industrie BV (PTI) in Hilversum during the late 1960s and early 1970s.
The Prysmian Group is an Italian multinational corporation headquartered in Milan that manufactures electric power transmission and telecommunications cables and systems.
Research and development (R&D, R+D, or R'n'D), also known in Europe as research and technological development (RTD), refers to innovative activities undertaken by corporations or governments in developing new services or products, or improving existing services or products.
Rieti (Reate, Sabino: Riete) is a city and comune in Lazio, central Italy, with a population of 47,700.
Robert Woodrow Wilson (born January 10, 1936) is an American astronomer, 1978 Nobel laureate in physics, who with Arno Allan Penzias discovered in 1964 the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB).
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
S.A. (and variants) designates a type of corporation in countries that mostly employ civil law.
Serge Tchurukdichian (born 13 November 1937), known as Serge Tchuruk, is a French businessman of Armenian descent.
Sesto Fiorentino, known locally as just Sesto, is a municipality (comune) in the Metropolitan City of Florence, Tuscany, central Italy.
In online marketing, a shopping cart is a piece of e-commerce software on a web server that allows visitors to an Internet site to select items for eventual purchase, analogous to the American English term "shopping cart."Farris, Paul W.; Neil T. Bendle; Phillip E. Pfeifer; David J. Reibstein (2010).
SIAE MICROELETTRONICA is an Italian multinational corporation and a global supplier of telecom network equipments.
Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.
A solar cell, or photovoltaic cell, is an electrical device that converts the energy of light directly into electricity by the photovoltaic effect, which is a physical and chemical phenomenon.
Stuart E. "Stu" Eizenstat (born January 15, 1943) is an American diplomat and attorney.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
TAT-1 (Transatlantic No. 1) was the first submarine transatlantic telephone cable system.
TCL Corporation (originally an abbreviation for Telephone Communication Limited) is a Chinese multinational electronics company headquartered in Huizhou, Guangdong Province.
This article describe science and technology convergence, with illustrations to convergence of emerging technologies (NBIC, nano-, bio-, info- and cognitive technologies) and convergence of media technology.
Telecommunications equipment (also telecoms equipment or communications equipment) is hardware used for the purposes of telecommunications.
A telephone, or phone, is a telecommunications device that permits two or more users to conduct a conversation when they are too far apart to be heard directly.
Telespazio Spa is a European spaceflight services company.
Telstar is the name of various communications satellites.
The TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse, "high-speed train") is France's intercity high-speed rail service, operated by the SNCF, the state-owned national rail operator.
Thales Alenia Space is a Franco-Italian aerospace manufacturer formed after the Thales Group bought the participation of Alcatel in the two joint-ventures between Alcatel and Leonardo, Alcatel Alenia Space and Telespazio.
Thales Group is a French multinational company that designs and builds electrical systems and provides services for the aerospace, defence, transportation and security markets.
The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.
A transistor is a semiconductor device used to amplify or switch electronic signals and electrical power.
Trieste (Trst) is a city and a seaport in northeastern Italy.
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is an independent agency of the United States federal government.
The Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) is a third generation mobile cellular system for networks based on the GSM standard.
The United States circuit courts were the original intermediate level courts of the United States federal court system.
The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the U.S. government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The department was formed in 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration. The Department of Justice administers several federal law enforcement agencies including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The department is responsible for investigating instances of financial fraud, representing the United States government in legal matters (such as in cases before the Supreme Court), and running the federal prison system. The department is also responsible for reviewing the conduct of local law enforcement as directed by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The department is headed by the United States Attorney General, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Jeff Sessions.
Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
In electronics, a vacuum tube, an electron tube, or just a tube (North America), or valve (Britain and some other regions) is a device that controls electric current between electrodes in an evacuated container.
Vimercate is a city and comune in the province of Monza and Brianza, Lombardy, northern Italy.
William Rae Young, Jr. (October 30, 1915 – March 7, 2008) was one of the Bell Labs engineers that invented the cell phone.
In fiber-optic communications, wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) is a technology which multiplexes a number of optical carrier signals onto a single optical fiber by using different wavelengths (i.e., colors) of laser light.
Western Electric Company (WE, WECo) was an American electrical engineering and manufacturing company that served as the primary supplier to AT&T from 1881 to 1996.
Willard Sterling Boyle, (August 19, 1924May 7, 2011) was a Canadian physicist, pioneer in the field of laser technology and co-inventor of the charge-coupled device.
Wim Sweldens is a Belgian American business leader notable for innovations in communications and signal processing technology.
The 5ESS Switching System is a Class 5 telephone electronic switching system developed by Western Electric for the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) and the Bell System in the United States.
The 7th arrondissement of Paris (VIIe arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France.
The 8th arrondissement of Paris (VIIIe arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France.
Alcatel (old company), Alcatel Alenia, Alcatel Lucent, Alcatel Lucent 7750 Service Router, Alcatel Marine, Alcatel cellular telephones, Alcatel phones, Alcatel-Alsthom, Alcatel-Lucent S.A., Alcatel-Lucent USA, Compagnie General D'Electricitie, Compagnie General d'Electricite, Compagnie Generale d'Electricite, Compagnie Generale d'Electricitie, Compagnie Général d'Electricité, Compagnie Générale d'Electricitié, Compagnie Générale d'Electricité, History of Alcatel-Lucent, Lucent-Alcatel, TiMetra.