217 relations: Acetal, Acetaldehyde, Acetic acid, Acetylide, Acid, Acid catalysis, Acid dissociation constant, Acyl chloride, Addition reaction, Alcohol, Alcohol oxidation, Aldehyde dehydrogenase, Aldol, Aldol condensation, Aldol reaction, Aldose, Aliphatic compound, Alkane, Alkene, Alkyl, Alkylimino-de-oxo-bisubstitution, Alkyne, Alpha and beta carbon, Alpha hydroxy acid, Amide, Ammonia, Aroma compound, Aromatic hydrocarbon, Autoxidation, Bakelite, Barbier reaction, Base (chemistry), Benzaldehyde, Biotransformation, Bond cleavage, Butane, Butyraldehyde, Cancer, Cannizzaro reaction, Carbamic acid, Carbonyl group, Carbonylation, Carboxylic acid, Cardiovascular disease, Catalysis, Chanel, Chanel No. 5, Chemical polarity, Chloral hydrate, Chromate and dichromate, ..., Chromic acid, Chromium trioxide, Cinnamaldehyde, Citral, Condensation reaction, Copper(I) oxide, Corey–Fuchs reaction, Coriander, Cyanide, Cyanohydrin, Cycloaddition, Dess–Martin periodinane, Dicarboxylic acid, Diisobutylaluminium hydride, Dimethyl sulfoxide, Diol, Disproportionation, Distillation, Elimination reaction, Enol, Enzyme, Epoxide, Essential oil, Ester, Ethanol, Fehling's solution, Formaldehyde, Formic acid, Formylation reaction, Freeze-drying, Functional group, Furfural, Geminal, Geminal diol, Geminal halide hydrolysis, Glucose, Glutaraldehyde, Glyoxal, Grignard reaction, Haloalkane, Halocarbon, Hemiacetal, Hemiaminal, Hexahydro-1,3,5-triazine, Hofmann rearrangement, Hydrate, Hydrazide, Hydrazine, Hydrazone, Hydroacylation, Hydroformylation, Hydrogen, Hydrogen chloride, Hydrogen cyanide, Hydrogenation, Hydrolysis, Hydroxy group, Hydroxylamine, Imine, Iminium, Infrared spectroscopy, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Johnson–Corey–Chaykovsky reaction, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Justus von Liebig, Keto–enol tautomerism, Ketone, Kornblum oxidation, Latin, Lilial, Malondialdehyde, Manganese dioxide, McFadyen–Stevens reaction, Melamine, Methanol, Methoxymethylenetriphenylphosphine, Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate, Meyers synthesis, Nef reaction, Neurodegeneration, Nitric acid, Nitrile, Nitro compound, Nozaki–Hiyama–Kishi reaction, Nucleophile, Nucleophilic addition, Oligomer, One-pot synthesis, Oppenauer oxidation, Organic chemistry, Organic compound, Organic reaction, Organic redox reaction, Organolithium reagent, Organometallic chemistry, Organostannane addition, Oxalic acid, Oxazines, Oxidizing agent, Oxime, Oxo alcohol, Oxo-Diels–Alder reaction, Ozonolysis, Perfume, Phenol, Phthalaldehyde, Pinacol coupling reaction, Plasticizer, Polar effect, Polyol, Polyurethane, Potassium dichromate, Potassium permanganate, Precursor (chemistry), Primary (chemistry), Primary alcohol, Prins reaction, Propene, Propionaldehyde, Pseudoacid, Pyran, Pyridine, Pyridinium chlorochromate, Pyridoxal, Reaction intermediate, Retinal, Rosenmund reduction, Saturated and unsaturated compounds, Seyferth–Gilbert homologation, Side chain, Silver nitrate, Sodium aluminium hydride, Sodium borohydride, Sodium hydroxide, Stephen aldehyde synthesis, Stoichiometry, Succinaldehyde, Succinic acid, Sulfonium, Swern oxidation, Takai olefination, Tautomer, TEMPO, Thermal decomposition, Tin(II) chloride, Tollens' reagent, Toxicity, Trametes hirsuta, Transfer hydrogenation, Urea, Vanillin, Vapor pressure, Vilsmeier–Haack reaction, Vinyl alcohol, Vinyl group, Wacker process, Wittig reaction, Wolff–Kishner reduction, Work-up (chemistry), Ylide, Zincke aldehyde, Zincke reaction, 1,3,5-Trioxane, 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine, 2-Ethylhexanol, 2-Iodoxybenzoic acid, 4-Methylbenzaldehyde. Expand index (167 more) » « Shrink index
An acetal is a functional group with the following connectivity R2C(OR')2, where both R' groups are organic fragments.
Acetaldehyde (systematic name ethanal) is an organic chemical compound with the formula CH3CHO, sometimes abbreviated by chemists as MeCHO (Me.
Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).
Acetylide refers to chemical compounds with the chemical formulas MC≡CH and MC≡CM, where M is a metal.
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).
In acid catalysis and base catalysis a chemical reaction is catalyzed by an acid or a base.
An acid dissociation constant, Ka, (also known as acidity constant, or acid-ionization constant) is a quantitative measure of the strength of an acid in solution.
In organic chemistry, an acyl chloride (or acid chloride) is an organic compound with the functional group -COCl. Their formula is usually written RCOCl, where R is a side chain.
An addition reaction, in organic chemistry, is in its simplest terms an organic reaction where two or more molecules combine to form the larger one (the adduct).
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
Alcohol oxidation is an important organic reaction.
Aldehyde dehydrogenases are a group of enzymes that catalyse the oxidation of aldehydes.
An aldol or aldol adduct (from "Aldehyde alcohol") is a hydroxy ketone or aldehyde, and is the product of aldol addition (as opposed to aldol condensation, which produces an α,β-unsaturated carbonyl moiety).
An aldol condensation is a condensation reaction in organic chemistry in which an enol or an enolate ion reacts with a carbonyl compound to form a β-hydroxyaldehyde or β-hydroxyketone (an aldol reaction), followed by dehydration to give a conjugated enone.
The aldol reaction is a means of forming carbon–carbon bonds in organic chemistry.
An aldose is a monosaccharide (a simple sugar) with a carbon backbone chain with a carbonyl group on the endmost carbon atom, making it an aldehyde, and hydroxyl groups connected to all the other carbon atoms.
In organic chemistry, hydrocarbons (compounds composed of carbon and hydrogen) are divided into two classes: aromatic compounds and aliphatic compounds (G. aleiphar, fat, oil) also known as non-aromatic compounds.
In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.
In organic chemistry, an alkene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon–carbon double bond.
In organic chemistry, an alkyl substituent is an alkane missing one hydrogen.
Alkylimino-de-oxo-bisubstitution in organic chemistry is the organic reaction of carbonyl compounds with amines to imines.
In organic chemistry, an alkyne is an unsaturated hydrocarbon containing at least one carbon—carbon triple bond.
The alpha carbon (Cα) in organic molecules refers to the first carbon atom that attaches to a functional group, such as a carbonyl.
α-Hydroxy acids, or alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), are a class of chemical compounds that consist of a carboxylic acid substituted with a hydroxyl group on the adjacent carbon.
An amide (or or), also known as an acid amide, is a compound with the functional group RnE(O)xNR′2 (R and R′ refer to H or organic groups).
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
An aroma compound, also known as an odorant, aroma, fragrance, or flavor, is a chemical compound that has a smell or odor.
An aromatic hydrocarbon or arene (or sometimes aryl hydrocarbon) is a hydrocarbon with sigma bonds and delocalized pi electrons between carbon atoms forming a circle.
Autoxidation is any oxidation that occurs in open air or in presence of oxygen (and sometimes UV radiation) and forms peroxides and hydroperoxides.
Bakelite (sometimes spelled Baekelite), or polyoxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride, is the first plastic made from synthetic components.
The Barbier reaction is an organic reaction between an alkyl halide and a carbonyl group as an electrophilic substrate in the presence of magnesium, aluminium, zinc, indium, tin or its salts.
In chemistry, bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, release hydroxide (OH−) ions, are slippery to the touch, can taste bitter if an alkali, change the color of indicators (e.g., turn red litmus paper blue), react with acids to form salts, promote certain chemical reactions (base catalysis), accept protons from any proton donor, and/or contain completely or partially displaceable OH− ions.
Benzaldehyde (C6H5CHO) is an organic compound consisting of a benzene ring with a formyl substituent.
Biotransformation is the chemical modification (or modifications) made by an organism on a chemical compound.
Bond cleavage, or scission, is the splitting of chemical bonds.
Butane is an organic compound with the formula C4H10 that is an alkane with four carbon atoms.
Butyraldehyde, also known as butanal, is an organic compound with the formula CH3(CH2)2CHO.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
The Cannizzaro reaction, named after its discoverer Stanislao Cannizzaro, is a chemical reaction that involves the base-induced disproportionation of a non-enolizable aldehyde.
Carbamic acid is the compound with the formula NH2COOH.
In organic chemistry, a carbonyl group is a functional group composed of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom: C.
Carbonylation refers to reactions that introduce carbon monoxide into organic and inorganic substrates.
A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
Chanel S.A. is a French, privately held company owned by Alain Wertheimer and Gérard Wertheimer, grandsons of Pierre Wertheimer, who was an early business partner of the couturière Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel.
In chemistry, polarity is a separation of electric charge leading to a molecule or its chemical groups having an electric dipole or multipole moment.
Chloral hydrate is a geminal diol with the formula C2H3Cl3O2.
Chromate salts contain the chromate anion,.
The term chromic acid is usually used for a mixture made by adding concentrated sulfuric acid to a dichromate, which may contain a variety of compounds, including solid chromium trioxide.
Chromium trioxide is an inorganic compound with the formula CrO3.
Cinnamaldehyde is an organic compound with the formula C6H5CH.
Citral, or 3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienal or lemonal, is either a pair, or a mixture of terpenoids with the molecular formula C10H16O.
A condensation reaction is a class of an organic addition reaction that proceeds in a step-wise fashion to produce the addition product, usually in equilibrium, and a water molecule (hence named condensation).
Copper(I) oxide or cuprous oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula Cu2O.
The Corey–Fuchs reaction, also known as the Ramirez–Corey–Fuchs reaction, is a series of chemical reactions designed to transform an aldehyde into an alkyne.
Coriander (Coriandrum sativum), also known as cilantro or Chinese parsley, is an annual herb in the family Apiaceae.
A cyanide is a chemical compound that contains the group C≡N.
A cyanohydrin is a functional group found in organic compounds in which a cyano and a hydroxy group are attached to the same carbon atom.
A cycloaddition is a pericyclic chemical reaction, in which "two or more unsaturated molecules (or parts of the same molecule) combine with the formation of a cyclic adduct in which there is a net reduction of the bond multiplicity." The resulting reaction is a cyclization reaction.
Dess–Martin periodinane (DMP) is a chemical reagent used to oxidize primary alcohols to aldehydes and secondary alcohols to ketones.
A dicarboxylic acid is an organic compound containing two carboxyl functional groups (−COOH).
Diisobutylaluminium hydride (DIBALH, DIBAL, DIBAL-H or DIBAH) is a reducing agent with the formula (i-Bu2AlH)2, where i-Bu represents isobutyl (-CH2CH(CH3)2).
Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is an organosulfur compound with the formula (CH3)2SO.
A diol or glycol is a chemical compound containing two hydroxyl groups (−OH groups).
Disproportionation, sometimes called dismutation, is a redox reaction in which a compound of intermediate oxidation state converts to two different compounds, one of higher and one of lower oxidation states.
Distillation is the process of separating the components or substances from a liquid mixture by selective boiling and condensation.
An elimination reaction is a type of organic reaction in which two substituents are removed from a molecule in either a one or two-step mechanism.
Enols, or more formally, alkenols, are a type of reactive structure or intermediate in organic chemistry that is represented as an alkene (olefin) with a hydroxyl group attached to one end of the alkene double bond.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
An epoxide is a cyclic ether with a three-atom ring.
An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile (defined as "the tendency of a substance to vaporize") aroma compounds from plants.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
Fehling's solution is a chemical reagent used to differentiate between water-soluble carbohydrate and ketone functional groups, and as a test for reducing sugars and non-reducing sugars, supplementary to the Tollens' reagent test.
Formic acid, systematically named methanoic acid, is the simplest carboxylic acid.
A formylation reaction in organic chemistry refers to organic reactions in which an organic compound is functionalized with a formyl group (-CH.
Freeze drying, also known as lyophilisation or cryodessication, is a low temperature dehydration process which involves freezing the product, lowering pressure, then removing the ice by sublimation.
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.
Furfural is an organic compound produced from a variety of agricultural byproducts, including corncobs, oat, wheat bran, and sawdust.
In chemistry, the descriptor geminal refers to the relationship between two atoms or functional groups that are attached to the same atom.
A geminal diol (or gem-diol for short) is any organic compound having two hydroxyl functional groups (-OH) bound to the same carbon atom.
Geminal halide hydrolysis is an organic reaction.
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
Glutaraldehyde, sold under the brandname Cidex and Glutaral among others, is a disinfectant and medication.
Glyoxal is an organic compound with the chemical formula OCHCHO.
The Grignard reaction (pronounced) is an organometallic chemical reaction in which alkyl, vinyl, or aryl-magnesium halides (Grignard reagents) add to a carbonyl group in an aldehyde or ketone.
The haloalkanes (also known as halogenoalkanes or alkyl halides) are a group of chemical compounds derived from alkanes containing one or more halogens.
Halocarbon compounds are chemicals in which one or more carbon atoms are linked by covalent bonds with one or more halogen atoms (fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine –) resulting in the formation of organofluorine compounds, organochlorine compounds, organobromine compounds, and organoiodine compounds.
A hemiacetal or a hemiketal is a compound that results from the addition of an alcohol to an aldehyde or a ketone, respectively.
A hemiaminal (also carbinolamine) is a functional group or type of chemical compound that has a hydroxyl group and an amine attached to the same carbon atom: -C(OH)(NR2)-.
In chemistry, hexahydro-1,3,5-triazine is a class of heterocyclic compounds with the formula (CH2NR)3.
The Hofmann rearrangement is the organic reaction of a primary amide to a primary amine with one fewer carbon atom.
In chemistry, a hydrate is a substance that contains water or its constituent elements.
Hydrazides in organic chemistry are a class of organic compounds sharing a common functional group characterized by a nitrogen to nitrogen covalent bond with 4 substituents with at least one of them being an acyl group.
Hydrazine is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula (also written), called diamidogen, archaically.
Semihydrazone Hydrazones are a class of organic compounds with the structure.
Hydroacylation is a type of organic reaction in which an alkene is inserted into the a formyl C-H bond.
Hydroformylation, also known as oxo synthesis or oxo process, is an industrial process for the production of aldehydes from alkenes.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
The compound hydrogen chloride has the chemical formula and as such is a hydrogen halide.
Hydrogen cyanide (HCN), sometimes called prussic acid, is a chemical compound with the chemical formula HCN.
Hydrogenation – to treat with hydrogen – is a chemical reaction between molecular hydrogen (H2) and another compound or element, usually in the presence of a catalyst such as nickel, palladium or platinum.
Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.
A hydroxy or hydroxyl group is the entity with the formula OH.
Hydroxylamine is an inorganic compound with the formula NH2OH.
An imine is a functional group or chemical compound containing a carbon–nitrogen double bond.
An iminium salt or cation in organic chemistry has the general structure + and is as such a protonated or substituted imine.
Infrared spectroscopy (IR spectroscopy or vibrational spectroscopy) involves the interaction of infrared radiation with matter.
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is an international federation of National Adhering Organizations that represents chemists in individual countries.
The Johnson–Corey–Chaykovsky reaction (sometimes referred to as the Corey–Chaykovsky reaction or CCR) is a chemical reaction used in organic chemistry for the synthesis of epoxides, aziridines, and cyclopropanes.
The Journal of the American Chemical Society (also known as JACS) is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1879 by the American Chemical Society.
Justus Freiherr von Liebig (12 May 1803 – 18 April 1873) was a German chemist who made major contributions to agricultural and biological chemistry, and was considered the founder of organic chemistry.
In organic chemistry, keto–enol tautomerism refers to a chemical equilibrium between a keto form (a ketone or an aldehyde) and an enol (an alcohol).
In chemistry, a ketone (alkanone) is an organic compound with the structure RC(.
The Kornblum oxidation, named after Nathan Kornblum, is a chemical reaction of a primary halide with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) to form an aldehyde.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Lilial (a trade name for lily aldehyde, also known as lysmeral) is a chemical compound commonly used as a perfume in cosmetic preparations and laundry powders, often under the name butylphenyl methylpropional.
Malondialdehyde (MDA) is the organic compound with the nominal formula CH2(CHO)2.
Manganese(IV) oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula.
The McFadyen–Stevens reaction is a chemical reaction best described as a base-catalyzed thermal decomposition of acylsulfonylhydrazides to aldehydes.
Melamine is the organic compound with the formula C3H6N6.
Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated MeOH).
Methoxymethylenetriphenylphosphine is a Wittig reagent with used as an reagent in the homologization of aldehydes and ketones to extended aldehydes, an organic reaction first reported in 1958.
Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate, most often abbreviated as MDI, is an aromatic diisocyanate.
The Meyers synthesis is an organic synthesis for the preparation of unsymmetrical aldehydes via hydrolysis of an oxazine.
The Nef reaction is an organic reaction describing the acid hydrolysis of a salt of a primary or secondary nitroalkane (1) to an aldehyde or a ketone (3) and nitrous oxide (4).
Neurodegeneration is the progressive loss of structure or function of neurons, including death of neurons.
Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for "strong water") and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid.
A nitrile is any organic compound that has a −C≡N functional group.
Nitro compounds are organic compounds that contain one or more nitro functional groups (−2).
The Nozaki–Hiyama–Kishi reaction is a nickel/chromium coupling reaction forming an alcohol from the reaction of an aldehyde with an allyl or vinyl halide.
Nucleophile is a chemical species that donates an electron pair to an electrophile to form a chemical bond in relation to a reaction.
In organic chemistry, a nucleophilic addition reaction is an addition reaction where a chemical compound with an electron-deficient or electrophilic double or triple bond, a π bond, reacts with electron-rich reactant, termed a nucleophile, with disappearance of the double bond and creation of two new single, or σ, bonds.
An oligomer (oligo-, "a few" + -mer, "parts") is a molecular complex of chemicals that consists of a few monomer units, in contrast to a polymer, where the number of monomers is, in principle, infinite.
In chemistry a one-pot synthesis is a strategy to improve the efficiency of a chemical reaction whereby a reactant is subjected to successive chemical reactions in just one reactor.
Oppenauer oxidation, named after Rupert Viktor Oppenauer, is a gentle method for selectively oxidizing secondary alcohols to ketones.
Organic chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Organic reactions are chemical reactions involving organic compounds.
Organic reductions or organic oxidations or organic redox reactions are redox reactions that take place with organic compounds.
Organolithium reagents are organometallic compounds that contain carbon – lithium bonds.
Organometallic chemistry is the study of organometallic compounds, chemical compounds containing at least one chemical bond between a carbon atom of an organic molecule and a metal, including alkaline, alkaline earth, and transition metals, and sometimes broadened to include metalloids like boron, silicon, and tin, as well.
Organostannane addition reactions comprise the nucleophilic addition of an allyl-, allenyl-, or propargylstannane to an aldehyde, imine, or, in rare cases, a ketone.
Oxalic acid is an organic compound with the formula C2H2O4.
Oxazines are heterocyclic compounds containing one oxygen and one nitrogen atom in a doubly unsaturated six-membered ring.
In chemistry, an oxidizing agent (oxidant, oxidizer) is a substance that has the ability to oxidize other substances — in other words to cause them to lose electrons.
An oxime is a chemical compound belonging to the imines, with the general formula R1R2C.
Oxo alcohols are alcohols that are prepared by adding carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (usually combined together as synthesis gas) to an olefin to obtain an aldehyde using the hydroformylation reaction and then hydrogenating the aldehyde to obtain the alcohol.
An oxo-Diels–Alder reaction (also called an oxa-Diels–Alder reaction) is an organic reaction and a variation of the Diels–Alder reaction in which a suitable diene reacts with an aldehyde to form a dihydropyran ring.
Ozonolysis is an organic reaction where the unsaturated bonds of alkenes, alkynes, or azo compounds are cleaved with ozone.
Perfume (parfum) is a mixture of fragrant essential oils or aroma compounds, fixatives and solvents, used to give the human body, animals, food, objects, and living-spaces an agreeable scent.
Phenol, also known as phenolic acid, is an aromatic organic compound with the molecular formula C6H5OH.
o-Phthalaldehyde or ortho-phthalaldehyde (OPA) is the chemical compound with the formula C6H4(CHO)2.
A pinacol coupling reaction is an organic reaction in which a carbon–carbon covalent bond is formed between the carbonyl groups of an aldehyde or a ketone in presence of an electron donor in a free radical process.
Plasticizers (UK: plasticisers) or dispersants are additives that increase the plasticity or decrease the viscosity of a material.
The polar effect or electronic effect in chemistry is the effect exerted by a substituent on modifying electrostatic forces operating on a nearby reaction center.
A polyol is an organic compound containing multiple hydroxyl groups.
Polyurethane (PUR and PU) is a polymer composed of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links.
Potassium dichromate, K2Cr2O7, is a common inorganic chemical reagent, most commonly used as an oxidizing agent in various laboratory and industrial applications. As with all hexavalent chromium compounds, it is acutely and chronically harmful to health. It is a crystalline ionic solid with a very bright, red-orange color. The salt is popular in the laboratory because it is not deliquescent, in contrast to the more industrially relevant salt sodium dichromate.Gerd Anger, Jost Halstenberg, Klaus Hochgeschwender, Christoph Scherhag, Ulrich Korallus, Herbert Knopf, Peter Schmidt, Manfred Ohlinger, "Chromium Compounds" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2005.
Potassium permanganate is an inorganic chemical compound and medication.
In chemistry, a precursor is a compound that participates in a chemical reaction that produces another compound.
Primary is a term used in organic chemistry to classify various types of compounds (e.g. alcohols, alkyl halides, amines) or reactive intermediates (e.g. alkyl radicals, carbocations).
A primary alcohol is an alcohol which has the hydroxyl group connected to a primary carbon atom.
The Prins reaction is an organic reaction consisting of an electrophilic addition of an aldehyde or ketone to an alkene or alkyne followed by capture of a nucleophile.
Propene, also known as propylene or methyl ethylene, is an unsaturated organic compound having the chemical formula C3H6.
Propionaldehyde or propanal is the organic compound with the formula CH3CH2CHO.
A Pseudoacid in Organic Chemistry is a cyclic oxocarboxylic acid.
In chemistry, pyran, or oxine, is a six-membered heterocyclic, non-aromatic ring, consisting of five carbon atoms and one oxygen atom and containing two double bonds.
Pyridine is a basic heterocyclic organic compound with the chemical formula C5H5N.
Pyridinium chlorochromate (PCC) is a yellow-orange salt with the formula.
Pyridoxal is one form of vitamin B6.
A reaction intermediate or an intermediate is a molecular entity that is formed from the reactants (or preceding intermediates) and reacts further to give the directly observed products of a chemical reaction.
Retinal is also known as retinaldehyde.
The Rosenmund reduction is a hydrogenation process in which an acyl chloride is selectively reduced to an aldehyde.
In organic chemistry, a saturated compound is a chemical compound that has single bonds.
The Seyferth–Gilbert homologation is a chemical reaction of an aryl ketone 1 (or aldehyde) with dimethyl (diazomethyl)phosphonate 2 and potassium tert-butoxide to give substituted alkynes 3.
In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a side chain is a chemical group that is attached to a core part of the molecule called "main chain" or backbone.
Silver nitrate is an inorganic compound with chemical formula.
Sodium aluminium hydride or sodium alanate is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula NaAlH4.
Sodium borohydride, also known as sodium tetrahydridoborate and sodium tetrahydroborate, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaBH4.
Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations and hydroxide anions. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·n. The monohydrate NaOH· crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries: in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents, and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 2004 was approximately 60 million tonnes, while demand was 51 million tonnes.
Stephen aldehyde synthesis, a named reaction in chemistry, was invented by Henry Stephen (OBE/MBE).
Stoichiometry is the calculation of reactants and products in chemical reactions.
Succinaldehyde or succindialdehyde is an organic compound with the formula (CH2CHO)2.
Succinic acid is a dicarboxylic acid with the chemical formula (CH2)2(CO2H)2.
A sulfonium ion, also known as sulphonium ion or sulfanium ion, is a positively charged ion (a "cation") featuring three organic substituents attached to sulfur.
The Swern oxidation, named after Daniel Swern, is a chemical reaction whereby a primary or secondary alcohol is oxidized to an aldehyde or ketone using oxalyl chloride, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and an organic base, such as triethylamine.
Takai olefination in organic chemistry describes the organic reaction of an aldehyde with a diorganochromium compound to form an alkene.
Tautomers are constitutional isomers of organic compounds that readily interconvert.
(2,2,6,6-Tetramethylpiperidin-1-yl)oxyl or (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-1-yl)oxidanyl, commonly known as TEMPO, is a chemical compound with the formula (CH2)3(CMe2)2NO.
Thermal decomposition, or thermolysis, is a chemical decomposition caused by heat.
Tin(II) chloride, also known as stannous chloride, is a white crystalline solid with the formula 2.
Tollens' reagent is a chemical reagent used to determine the presence of an aldehyde, aromatic aldehyde and alpha-hydroxy ketone functional groups.
Toxicity is the degree to which a chemical substance or a particular mixture of substances can damage an organism.
Trametes hirsuta, commonly known as hairy bracket, is a fungal plant pathogen.
Transfer hydrogenation is the addition of hydrogen (H2; dihydrogen in inorganic and organometallic chemistry) to a molecule from a source other than gaseous H2.
Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound with chemical formula CO(NH2)2.
Vanillin is a phenolic aldehyde, which is an organic compound with the molecular formula C8H8O3.
Vapor pressure or equilibrium vapor pressure is defined as the pressure exerted by a vapor in thermodynamic equilibrium with its condensed phases (solid or liquid) at a given temperature in a closed system.
The Vilsmeier–Haack reaction (also called the Vilsmeier reaction) is the chemical reaction of a substituted amide (1) with phosphorus oxychloride and an electron-rich arene (3) to produce an aryl aldehyde or ketone (5).
Vinyl alcohol, also called ethenol (IUPAC name), is the simplest enol.
In chemistry, vinyl or ethenyl is the functional group with the formula −CH.
The Wacker process or the Hoechst-Wacker process (named after the chemical companies of the same name) refers to the oxidation of ethylene to acetaldehyde in the presence of palladium(II) chloride as the catalyst.
The Wittig reaction or Wittig olefination is a chemical reaction of an aldehyde or ketone with a triphenyl phosphonium ylide (often called a Wittig reagent) to give an alkene and triphenylphosphine oxide.
The Wolff–Kishner reduction is a reaction used in organic chemistry to convert carbonyl functionalities into methylene groups.
In chemistry, work-up refers to the series of manipulations required to isolate and purify the product(s) of a chemical reaction.
A ylide or ylid is a neutral dipolar molecule containing a formally negatively charged atom (usually a carbanion) directly attached to a heteroatom with a formal positive charge (usually nitrogen, phosphorus or sulfur), and in which both atoms have full octets of electrons.
Zincke aldehydes, or 5-aminopenta-2,4-dienals, are the product of the reaction of a pyridinium salt with two equivalents of any secondary amine, followed by basic hydrolysis.
The Zincke reaction is an organic reaction in which a pyridine is transformed into a pyridinium salt by reaction with 2,4-dinitro-chlorobenzene and a primary amine, named after Theodor Zincke.
1,3,5-Trioxane, sometimes also called trioxane or trioxin, is a chemical compound with molecular formula C3H6O3.
2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH, Brady's reagent, Borche's reagent) is the chemical compound C6H3(NO2)2NHNH2.
2-Ethylhexanol (abbreviated 2-EH) is a branched, eight-carbon chiral alcohol.
IBX or 2-iodoxybenzoic acid is an organic compound used in organic synthesis as an oxidizing agent.
4-Methylbenzaldehyde is a simple aromatic aldehyde.
-CHO, Acyl hydride, Aldehyde group, Aldehydes, Alkanal, Aromatic aldehyde, Carboxaldehyde, Corey-Gilman-Ganem oxidation, Corey–Gilman–Ganem oxidation, Dialdehyde, Formyl, Formyl functional group, Formyl group, Methanoyl, Methanoyl group, Monoformyl, RCHO.