128 relations: Adak Island, Adamagan, Alaska, Agattu, Akun Island, Akutan Island, Alaska, Alaska Natives, Alaska Peninsula, Aleut language, Aleut Restitution Act of 1988, Aleutian Islands, Aleutian Islands Campaign, Aleutian kayak, Aleutian tradition, Aleutsky District, Alutiiq, Amatignak Island, Amchitka, Amlia, Amukta, Andreanof Islands, Andrew Gronholdt, Anfesia Shapsnikoff, Animism, Archaeology, Atka Island, Attu Island, Barabara, Basket weaving, Belkofski, Alaska, Bering Island, Buldir Island, Carl E. Moses, Census, Christianity, Clan, Commander Islands, Cyrillic script, Daikokuya Kōdayū, Delarof Islands, Encyclopædia Britannica Online, English language, Eskimo–Aleut languages, Exonym and endonym, Fox Islands (Alaska), Fur trade, Genetic history of indigenous peoples of the Americas, Grave goods, Hokkaido, Immunity (medical), ..., Infection, Influenza, Installation art, Interracial marriage, Inuit, Islands of Four Mountains, Jacob Netsvetov, John Hoover (artist), Juana Maria, Kagamil Island, Kamchatka Krai, Kanaga Island, Katsuragawa Hoshū, Kayak, Kiska, Krenitzin Islands, Latin script, Leymus mollis, List of Native American peoples in the United States, Literal translation, Maritime fur trade, Measles, Medny Aleut language, Medny Island, Midden, Missionary, Mummy, National Park Service, Neal Stephenson, Near Islands, Nicoleño, North America, Otter, Outside (Alaska), Pacific Ocean theater of World War II, Parka, Peter the Aleut, Pinniped, Pribilof Islands, Prisoner of war, Promyshlenniki, Puffin, Rat Islands, Russia, Russian language, Russian Orthodox Church, Russian-American Company, Sadlermiut, Samalga Island, San Nicolas Island, Sanak Island, Sanak Islands, Sarcophagus, Screen printing, Sea lion, Seguam Island, Semichi Islands, Semisopochnoi Island, Sergie Sovoroff, Shumagin Islands, Sirenik Eskimos, Snow Crash, Storytelling, Tanaga Island, Third gender, Tigalda Island, Two-spirit, Umnak, Unalaska Island, Unimak Island, United States, United States Congress, Video art, Walrus ivory, Weaving, Whiskers, World War II, Yupik. Expand index (78 more) » « Shrink index
Adak Island (Adaax) is an island near the western extent of the Andreanof Islands group of the Aleutian Islands in Alaska.
Adamagan was an Aleut village, that at its peak was able to hold around 1000 people.
Agattu (Angatux̂) is an island in the Near Islands in the western end of the Aleutian Islands.
Akun Island (Akungan) is one of the Fox Islands subgroup of the Aleutian Islands in the Aleutians East Borough of southwestern Alaska.
Akutan Island (Akutanax̂) is an island in the Fox Islands group of the eastern Aleutian Islands in the Aleutians East Borough of Alaska.
Alaska (Alax̂sxax̂) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America.
Alaska Natives are indigenous peoples of Alaska, United States and include: Iñupiat, Yupik, Aleut, Eyak, Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian, and a number of Northern Athabaskan cultures.
The Alaska Peninsula is a peninsula extending about to the southwest from the mainland of Alaska and ending in the Aleutian Islands.
Aleut (Unangam Tunuu) is the language spoken by the Aleut people (Unangax̂) living in the Aleutian Islands, Pribilof Islands, Commander Islands, and the Alaskan Peninsula (in Aleut Alaxsxa, the origin of the state name Alaska).
The Aleut Restitution Act of 1988 (also known as the Aleutian and Pribilof Islands Restitution Act) was a reparation settlement passed by the United States Congress in 1988, in response to the internment of Aleut people living in the Aleutian Islands during World War II.
The Aleutian Islands (Tanam Unangaa, literally "Land of the Aleuts", possibly from Chukchi aliat, "island") are a chain of 14 large volcanic islands and 55 smaller ones belonging to both the U.S. state of Alaska and the Russian federal subject of Kamchatka Krai.
The Aleutian Islands Campaign was a military campaign conducted by the United States and Japan in the Aleutian Islands, part of the Alaska Territory, in the American theater and the Pacific theater of World War II starting on 3 June 1942.
The Baidarka or Aleutian kayak was the watercraft created by the native Aleut (or Unangan) people of the Aleutian Islands.
The Aleutian Tradition began around 2500 BC and ended in AD 1800.
Aleutsky District (Алеу́тский райо́н) is an administrativeLaw #46 and municipalLaw #238 district (raion) of Kamchatka Krai, Russia, one of the eleven in the krai.
The Alutiiq people (pronounced in English; from Promyshlenniki Russian Алеутъ, "Aleut"; plural often "Alutiit"), also called by their ancestral name Sugpiaq (or; plural often "Sugpiat") as well as Pacific Eskimo or Pacific Yupik, are a southern coastal people of Alaska Natives.
Amatignak Island (Amatignax̂) is a member of the Delarof Islands (western Andreanof Islands), in Alaska's Aleutian archipelago.
Amchitka (Amchixtax̂) is a volcanic, tectonically unstable island in the Rat Islands group of the Aleutian Islands in southwest Alaska.
Amlia (Amlax) is an island in the Aleutian Islands.
Amukta is a small yet mountainous island in the Islands of Four Mountains group lying between the Fox Islands and the Andreanof Islands in the Aleutian Islands.
The Andreanof Islands (Niiĝuĝin tanangis) are a group of islands in the Aleutian Islands, in southwestern Alaska.
Andrew Gronholdt (26 August 1915 – 13 March 1998) was a famous Aleut from Sand Point, Alaska in the Shumagin Islands south of the lower Alaska Peninsula and became famous for rejuvenating the ancient Unangan art of carving hunting hats called chagudax.
Anfesia Shapsnikoff (October 1, 1901 – January 15, 1973) was an Aleut leader and educator born October 1, 1901, at Atka, Alaska in the Aleutian Islands.
Animism (from Latin anima, "breath, spirit, life") is the religious belief that objects, places and creatures all possess a distinct spiritual essence.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
Atka Island (Atx̂ax̂) is the largest island in the Andreanof Islands of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska.
Attu (Atan) is the westernmost and largest island in the Near Islands group of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, and the westernmost point of land relative to Alaska, the United States, North America, and the Americas.
A barabara or barabora (Russian); ulax̂, ulaagamax, ulaq, or ulas (plural) (Aleut); and ciqlluaq (Alutiiq ~ Sugpiaq)Qik’rtarmiut Alutiitstun/Sugt’stun (Kodiak Alutiiq Language).
Basket weaving (also basketry or basket making) is the process of weaving or sewing pliable materials into two- or threedimensional artefacts, such as mats or containers.
Belkofoski is a small unincorporated community in the Aleutians East Borough in Alaska.
Bering Island (о́стров Бе́ринга, ostrov Beringa) is located off the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Bering Sea.
Buldir Island (also sometimes written Buldyr; Idmaax) is a small island in the western Aleutian Islands of the U.S. state of Alaska.
Carl Eugene Moses (July 16, 1929 – April 30, 2014) was an American businessman from Unalaska, Alaska who served in the Alaska House of Representatives from 1965 to 1973 as both a Republican and Democrat, and was elected again to the House in 1992 running on the Alaskan Independence Party ticket, later switched back to the Democrats, and served until 2007.
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
A clan is a group of people united by actual or perceived kinship and descent.
The Commander Islands or Komandorski Islands or Komandorskie Islands (Командо́рские острова́, Komandorskiye ostrova) are a group of treeless, sparsely populated islands in the Bering Sea located about east of the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Russian Far East.
The Cyrillic script is a writing system used for various alphabets across Eurasia (particularity in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and North Asia).
(1751 - May 28, 1828) was a Japanese castaway who spent eleven years in Russia.
The Delarof Islands (Naahmiĝun tanangis) (ca.) are a group of small islands at the extreme western end of the Andreanof Islands group in the central Aleutian Islands, Alaska.
Encyclopædia Britannica Online is the website of Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. and its Encyclopædia Britannica, with more than 120,000 articles that are updated regularly.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
The Eskimo–Aleut languages, Eskaleut languages, or Inuit-Yupik-Unangan languages are a language family native to Alaska, the Canadian Arctic (Nunavut and Inuvialuit Settlement Region), Nunavik, Nunatsiavut, Greenland and the Chukchi Peninsula, on the eastern tip of Siberia.
An exonym or xenonym is an external name for a geographical place, or a group of people, an individual person, or a language or dialect.
The Fox Islands are a group of islands in the eastern Aleutian Islands of the U.S. state of Alaska.
The fur trade is a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur.
The genetic history of indigenous peoples of the Americas primarily focuses on Human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups and Human mitochondrial DNA haplogroups.
Grave goods, in archaeology and anthropology, are the items buried along with the body.
(), formerly known as Ezo, Yezo, Yeso, or Yesso, is the second largest island of Japan, and the largest and northernmost prefecture.
In biology, immunity is the balanced state of multicellular organisms having adequate biological defenses to fight infection, disease, or other unwanted biological invasion, while having adequate tolerance to avoid allergy, and autoimmune diseases.
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.
Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus.
Installation art is an artistic genre of three-dimensional works that often are site-specific and designed to transform the perception of a space.
Interracial marriage is a form of marriage outside a specific social group (exogamy) involving spouses who belong to different socially-defined races or racialized ethnicities.
The Inuit (ᐃᓄᐃᑦ, "the people") are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska.
Islands of Four Mountains is an island grouping of the Aleutian Islands in Alaska, United States.
Saint Jacob Netsvetov, Enlightener of Alaska, was a native of the Aleutian Islands who became a priest of the Orthodox Church and continued the missionary work of St.
John Hoover (October 13, 1919 – September 3, 2011) was an American artist, known for his creation of contemporary art pieces based on Native Alaskan traditions.
Juana Maria (died October 19, 1853), better known to history as the Lone Woman of San Nicolas Island (her Native American name is unknown), was a Native American woman who was the last surviving member of her tribe, the Nicoleño.
Kagamil Island (Qagaamila), in the Islands of Four Mountains subgroup of the Aleutian archipelago, is north of Chuginadak Island and south of Uliaga Island.
Kamchatka Krai (p) is a federal subject (a krai) of Russia.
Kanaga Island (Kanaga) is a part of the Andreanof Islands group of the Aleutian Islands in Alaska.
was a Japanese physician and scholar of rangaku (Western studies).
A kayak is a small, narrow watercraft which is propelled by means of a double-bladed paddle.
Kiska (Qisxa) is an island in the Rat Islands group of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska.
The Krenitzin Islands (centered at ca.) are a group of small islands located in the eastern portion of the Fox Islands group of the eastern Aleutian Islands, Alaska.
Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.
Leymus mollis (syn. Elymus mollis) is a species of grass known by the common names American dune grass, American dune wild-rye, sea lyme-grass, strand-wheat,Higman, P. J. and M. R. Penskar.
This is a list of Native American peoples in the United States.
Literal translation, direct translation, or word-for-word translation is the rendering of text from one language to another one word at a time (Latin: "verbum pro verbo") with or without conveying the sense of the original whole.
The maritime fur trade was a ship-based fur trade system that focused on acquiring furs of sea otters and other animals from the indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast and natives of Alaska.
Measles is a highly contagious infectious disease caused by the measles virus.
Mednyj Aleut (also called Copper Island Creole or Copper Island Aleut) is a nearly extinct mixed language spoken on Bering Island.
Medny Island (о́стров Ме́дный), also spelled Mednyy or Mednyi, sometimes called Copper Island in English, is the smaller (after Bering Island) of the two main islands in the Commander Islands in the North Pacific Ocean, east of Kamchatka, Russia.
A midden (also kitchen midden or shell heap) is an old dump for domestic waste which may consist of animal bone, human excrement, botanical material, mollusc shells, sherds, lithics (especially debitage), and other artifacts and ecofacts associated with past human occupation.
A missionary is a member of a religious group sent into an area to proselytize and/or perform ministries of service, such as education, literacy, social justice, health care, and economic development.
A mummy is a deceased human or an animal whose skin and organs have been preserved by either intentional or accidental exposure to chemicals, extreme cold, very low humidity, or lack of air, so that the recovered body does not decay further if kept in cool and dry conditions.
The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations.
Neal Town Stephenson (born October 31, 1959) is an American writer and game designer known for his works of speculative fiction.
The Near Islands or Sasignan Islands (Sasignan tanangin) are the smallest and westernmost group of the Aleutian Islands in southwestern Alaska.
The Nicoleño were an Uto-Aztecan Native American people who lived on San Nicolas Island in California.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
Otters are carnivorous mammals in the subfamily Lutrinae.
In the U.S. state of Alaska, Outside refers to any non-Alaska location, most often referring to other U.S. states.
The Pacific Ocean theater, during World War II, was a major theater of the war between the Allies and the Empire of Japan.
A parka or anorak is a type of coat with a hood, often lined with fur or faux fur.
Cungagnaq (Chukagnak; date of birth unknown - d. 1815) is venerated as a martyr and saint (as Peter the Aleut; Potr Aleút) by some jurisdictions of the Eastern Orthodox Church.
Pinnipeds, commonly known as seals, are a widely distributed and diverse clade of carnivorous, fin-footed, semiaquatic marine mammals.
The Pribilof Islands (formerly the Northern Fur Seal Islands) are a group of four volcanic islands off the coast of mainland Alaska, in the Bering Sea, about north of Unalaska and 200 miles (320 km) southwest of Cape Newenham.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
The promyshlenniki (from Russian промысел (promysel), literally "a trade" or "business" or "industry") were Russian and indigenous Siberian contract workers drawn largely from the state serf and townsman class who engaged in the Siberian, maritime and later the Russian American fur trade.
Puffins are any of three small species of alcids (auks) in the bird genus Fratercula with a brightly coloured beak during the breeding season.
The Rat Islands (Qax̂um tanangis) are a volcanic group of islands in the Aleutian Islands in southwest Alaska, between Buldir Island and the Near Islands group to its west, and Amchitka Pass and the Andreanof Islands group to its east, at about.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
The Russian Orthodox Church (ROC; Rússkaya pravoslávnaya tsérkov), alternatively legally known as the Moscow Patriarchate (Moskóvskiy patriarkhát), is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches, in full communion with other Eastern Orthodox patriarchates.
The "Russian-American Company Under the Supreme Patronage of His Imperial Majesty" (Под высочайшим Его Императорского Величества покровительством Российская-Американская Компания Pod vysochayshim Yego Imperatorskogo Velichestva porkrovitelstvom Rossiyskaya-Amerikanskaya Kompaniya) was a state-sponsored chartered company formed largely on the basis of the United American Company.
The Sadlermiut (also called Sagdlirmiut, or Sallirmiut in modern Inuktitut spelling, from Sadlerk now Salliq, the Inuktitut name for the settlement of Coral Harbour, Nunavut) were an Inuit group living in near isolation mainly on and around Coats Island, Walrus Island, and Southampton Island in Hudson Bay.
Samalga Island (Samalĝa) is the westernmost island in the Fox Islands group of the eastern Aleutian Islands, Alaska.
San Nicolas Island (Tongva: Haraasnga) is the most remote of California's Channel Islands, located 61 miles (98 km) from the nearest point on the mainland coast.
Sanak Island (Sanaĝax) is an island in the Fox Islands group of the Aleutian Islands in the U.S. state of Alaska.
The Sanak Islands are a subgroup of the Fox Islands group of islands, located in the Aleutians East Borough of Alaska.
A sarcophagus (plural, sarcophagi) is a box-like funeral receptacle for a corpse, most commonly carved in stone, and usually displayed above ground, though it may also be buried.
Screen printing is a printing technique whereby a mesh is used to transfer ink onto a substrate, except in areas made impermeable to the ink by a blocking stencil.
Sea lions are sea mammals characterized by external ear flaps, long foreflippers, the ability to walk on all fours, short, thick hair, and a big chest and belly.
Seguam Island (Saĝuugamax) is a small volcanic island in the Andreanof Islands group in the Aleutian Islands of Alaska.
The Semichi Islands (Samiyan in Aleut) are a cluster of small islands in the Near Islands group of the Aleutian Islands, Alaska.
Semisopochnoi Island or Unyak Island (Семисопочный"having seven hills"; Unyax) is part of the Rat Islands group in the western Aleutian Islands of Alaska.
Sergie Sovoroff (September 17, 1901 – September 27, 1989) was an Aleut educational leader.
The Shumagin Islands (Unangan: Qagiiĝun) are a group of 20 islands in the Aleutians East Borough south of the mainland of Alaska, United States, at 54°54'–55°20' North 159°15'–160°45' West.
Sirenik or Sireniki Eskimos are former speakers of a very peculiar Eskimo language in Siberia, before they underwent a language shift rendering it extinct.
Snow Crash is a science fiction novel by American writer Neal Stephenson, published in 1992.
Storytelling describes the social and cultural activity of sharing stories, sometimes with improvisation, theatrics, or embellishment.
Tanaga Island (Tanax̂ax) is an island in the western Andreanof Islands, in the southwest part of the Aleutian Islands, Alaska.
Third gender or third sex is a concept in which individuals are categorized, either by themselves or by society, as neither man nor woman.
Tigalda Island (Qigalĝan) is one of the Krenitzin Islands, a subgroup of the Fox Islands in the eastern Aleutian Islands, Alaska.
Two-Spirit (also two spirit or, occasionally, twospirited) is a modern, pan-Indian, umbrella term used by some indigenous North Americans to describe certain people in their communities who fulfill a traditional third-gender (or other gender-variant) ceremonial role in their cultures.
Umnak (Unmax, Umnax) is one of the Fox Islands of the Aleutian Islands.
Unalaska (Nawan-Alaxsxa) is an island in the Fox Islands group of the Aleutian Islands in the US state of Alaska located at.
Unimak Island (Unimax) is the largest island in the Aleutian Islands chain of the U.S. state of Alaska.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
Video art is an art form which relies on using video technology as a visual and audio medium.
Walrus tusk ivory comes from two modified upper canines.
Weaving is a method of textile production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth.
Whiskers or vibrissae (singular: vibrissa) are a type of mammalian hair that are typically characterised, anatomically, by their large length, large and well-innervated hair follicle, and by having an identifiable representation in the somatosensory cortex of the brain.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Yupik are a group of indigenous or aboriginal peoples of western, southwestern, and southcentral Alaska and the Russian Far East.