450 relations: A Full Vindication of the Measures of Congress, Aaron Burr, Abraham Godwin, Admission to the Union, Agrarianism, Albany, New York, Alexander Hamilton (Ceracchi), Alexander Hamilton (Conrads), Alexander Hamilton (film), Alexander Hamilton (Fraser), Alexander Hamilton Jr., Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House, Alexander McDougall, Alexander White (Virginia), Alien and Sedition Acts, Alternate history, AMC (TV channel), American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Civil War, American Heritage (magazine), American Journal of Political Science, American Political Science Review, American Revolutionary War, American School (economics), Angelica Hamilton, Angelica Schuyler Church, Annapolis Convention (1786), Arthur Vandenberg, Articles of Confederation, Attorney General of New York, Auction, Ayrshire, Bank of England, Bank of North America, Bar (law), Battalion, Battle of Brandywine, Battle of Germantown, Battle of Harlem Heights, Battle of Monmouth, Battle of Princeton, Battle of Trenton, Battle of White Plains, Battles of Lexington and Concord, Bayonet, Benjamin Franklin Bache (journalist), Benjamin Moore (bishop), Benning Wentworth, Biblical Hebrew, Bigamy, ..., British Army, British Leeward Islands, British West Indies, Broadway theatre, Bureau of Engraving and Printing, Burr (novel), Burr–Hamilton duel, Business History Review, Cabinet of the United States, Captain (United States), Caribbean, Carl Conrads, Catherine Van Rensselaer, Central Park, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Charles D. Cooper, Charles James Fox, Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Charlestown, Nevis, Christiansted, U.S. Virgin Islands, Church of England, Clan Hamilton, Coinage Act of 1792, College-preparatory school, Columbia College (New York), Columbia Law Review, Columbia University, Columbia University Press, Commanding General of the United States Army, Compromise of 1790, Congress of the Confederation, Constitutional Convention (United States), Continental Army, Continental Congress, Corsican Republic, Cutter (boat), Danish language, David Hume, Deism, Democratic-Republican Party, Denmark, Diplomacy, Divine providence, Drama Desk Award, Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Musical, Duel, Edmond-Charles Genêt, Edmund Randolph, Edward Rutledge, Edward Stevens (diplomat), Egbert Benson, Electoral college, Electoral College (United States), Eliel Saarinen, Eliza Hamilton Holly, Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton, Elizabeth Township, New Jersey, Episcopal Church (United States), Ethan Allen, Eucharist, Evacuation Day (New York), Excise, Executive (government), Faithless electors in the United States presidential election, 2016, Federal architecture, Federalist No. 68, Federalist Party, Federation, First Bank of the United States, First Great Awakening, First Lord of the Treasury, First Party System, First Report on the Public Credit, Forrest McDonald, Fort Hamilton, Founding Fathers of the United States, Francis Barber (Colonel), Franklin Simmons, Free trade, French Army, French First Republic, French Revolution, Friedrich List, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A., General welfare clause, George Arliss, George Clinton (vice president), George Washington, George Washington II: The Forging of a Nation, George Washington's Farewell Address, Georgian architecture, Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, Gilbert Livingston (legislator), Gilding, Giuseppe Ceracchi, Gold standard, Gore Vidal, Gouverneur Morris, Government debt, Great Falls (Passaic River), Green Mountain Boys, Greenwich Village, Haiti, Haldimand Affair, Hamilton (musical), Hamilton (play), Hamilton College (New York), Hamilton County, Florida, Hamilton County, Illinois, Hamilton County, Indiana, Hamilton County, Kansas, Hamilton County, Nebraska, Hamilton County, New York, Hamilton County, Ohio, Hamilton County, Tennessee, Hamilton Grange National Memorial, Hamilton Hall (Columbia University), Hamilton Heights, Manhattan, Hamilton, Kansas, Hamilton, Massachusetts, Hamilton, Missouri, Hamilton, Ohio, Hamilton-Holly House, Hamilton–Reynolds affair, Harriet Tubman, HBO, Head teacher, Hearts of Oak (New York militia), Henry Cabot Lodge, Henry Charles Carey, Henry Knox, Henry Lee III, Herbert Croly, Hercules Mulligan, Hessian (soldier), Historical period drama, History of central banking in the United States, History of the United States Republican Party, HMS Asia (1764), Homosociality, Hudson River, Huguenots, Hymn, Implied powers, Infant industry argument, IOU, Jacksonian democracy, Jacques Necker, James A. Bayard (elder), James Alexander Hamilton, James Duane, James Earle Fraser (sculptor), James Jackson (Georgia politician), James Madison, James McHenry, James Monroe, James T. Callender, James Wilkinson, James Wilson, Jay Treaty, Jean-Baptiste Colbert, Jeffersonian democracy, John Adams, John Adams (miniseries), John Angel (sculptor), John Barker Church, John Church Hamilton, John Dickinson, John Fenno, John Fries, John Jay, John Lansing Jr., John Laurens, John McComb Jr., John Trumbull, John Witherspoon, Jonathan Ned Katz, Judicial interpretation, Judiciary, Kerelaw Castle, Kristen Visbal, L. Neil Smith, Laird, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, Lawsuit, Leeward Islands, Legislature, Legitimacy (family law), Lesser of two evils principle, Letterpress printing, Libertarianism, Liberty Hall (New Jersey), Liberty Issue, Library of Congress, Lieutenant colonel (United States), Lin-Manuel Miranda, Lincoln Park, List of foreign-born United States Cabinet Secretaries, List of Inspectors General of the U.S. Army, List of people on United States banknotes, Liver, Loyalism, Lumbar vertebrae, Major general (United States), Malachy Postlethwayt, Manhattan, Maria Reynolds, McCulloch v. Maryland, Meiji period, Melancton Smith, Mellon Financial, Military intelligence, Militia (United States), Miniseries, Mint (facility), Montesquieu, Morgan Lewis (governor), Morristown, New Jersey, Mortal sin, Multiracial, Myles Cooper, Napoleon, Nassau Hall, Nathanael Greene, Nathaniel Chipman, Nathaniel Pendleton, National Archives and Records Administration, National Park Service, Necessary and Proper Clause, Nevis, Nevis Historical and Conservation Society, Nevis Island Assembly, New England, New Hampshire Grants, New London, Connecticut, New York (magazine), New York (state), New York and New Jersey campaign, New York City, New York City Hall, New York Manumission Society, New York Post, New York Provincial Company of Artillery, New York State Legislature, New-York Historical Society, Newburgh Conspiracy, Newburgh, New York, Noah Webster, North American Confederacy, Nova Constellatio, Off-Broadway, Officer (armed forces), Oliver Wolcott Jr., Panic of 1792, Pasquale Paoli, Passaic River, PBS, Peggy Schuyler, Pension, Philip Freneau, Philip Hamilton, Philip Hamilton (the second), Philip Schuyler, Philolexian Society, Physiocracy, Presidency of George Washington, President of the Continental Congress, Princeton, New Jersey, Probate, Probate court, Progressive Era, Promissory note, Protectionism, Province of New York, Publius (praenomen), Pulitzer Prize for Drama, Putting-out system, Quakers, Quasi-War, Quebec Act, Redoubt, Report on a National Bank, Report on Manufactures, Rescission (contract law), Rib cage, Richard Bekins, Richard Brookhiser, Richard Harison, Richard Morris (New York judge), Robert Le Roy Livingston, Robert Morris (financier), Robert Troup, Robert Yates (politician), Ron Chernow, Rotten Tomatoes, Rufus King, Rufus Sewell, Rutgers v. Waddington, Saint Croix, Saint Kitts, Samuel Seabury, Schuyler Mansion, Scottish people, Second League of Armed Neutrality, Seditious libel, Sentimental novel, Sex scandal, Siege of Yorktown, Sinking fund, Slavery in the United States, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures, South Carolina, Southern United States, Spanish colonization of the Americas, Spanish dollar, St. Nicholas Park, St. Paul's Chapel, Stamp act, Superintendent of Finance of the United States, Supreme Court of the United States, Tariff of 1790, Tariffs in United States history, Tarring and feathering, Ten Commandments, Tench Coxe, The Adams Chronicles, The Atlantic, The Bank of New York Mellon, The Battery (Manhattan), The Farmer Refuted, The Federalist Papers, The Independent Journal, The Manhattan Company, The New York Times, The New Yorker, The Probability Broach, The Wilson Quarterly, Theodore Roosevelt, Theodore Sedgwick, Thirteen Colonies, Thomas Burke (North Carolina), Thomas Hobbes, Thomas Humphrey Cushing, Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Pinckney, Thoracic diaphragm, Timothy Pickering, Tony Award, Tony Award for Best Musical, Toussaint Louverture, Treasury Building (Washington, D.C.), Treaty of Paris (1783), Trinity Church (Manhattan), Trinity Church Cemetery, Turn: Washington's Spies, United States Army, United States Assistant Secretary of War, United States Coast Guard, United States Coast Guard Academy, United States Constitution, United States Department of the Treasury, United States dollar, United States Mint, United States presidential election, 1796, United States presidential election, 1800, United States Revenue Cutter Service, United States Secretary of the Treasury, United States Senate, United States Senate election in New York, 1791, United States ten-dollar bill, United States twenty-dollar bill, Valley Forge, Vermont, Vermont Republic, Virginia, War of the First Coalition, Washington's aides-de-camp, Washington: A Life, Weehawken, New Jersey, Western Pennsylvania, Whiskey Rebellion, Whisky, William Alexander, Lord Stirling, William and Mary Quarterly, William Bayard Jr., William Branch Giles, William Cobbett, William Coleman (editor), William Duer (Continental Congressman), William Jackson (secretary), William Livingston, William Loughton Smith, William Maclay (Pennsylvania senator), William P. Van Ness, William Paterson (judge), William S. Hamilton, Yellow fever, Yorktown, Virginia. Expand index (400 more) » « Shrink index
A Full Vindication of the Measures of Congress was one of Alexander Hamilton's first published works, published in December 1774, while Hamilton was a 19-year-old student at King's College in New York City.
Aaron Burr Jr. (February 6, 1756 – September 14, 1836) was an American politician.
Abraham Godwin (July 16, 1763 – October 5, 1835) was a Fife Major in the American Revolution, Master Engraver, elected to the New Jersey General Assembly for the County of Essex from 1802-1806, Brigadier General in the War of 1812, and the only delegate in New Jersey to vote for Andrew Jackson in 1828.
The Admission to the Union Clause of the United States Constitution, oftentimes called the New States Clause, and found at Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1, authorizes the Congress to admit new states into the United States beyond the thirteen already in existence at the time the Constitution went into effect.
Agrarianism is a social philosophy or political philosophy which values rural society as superior to urban society, the independent farmer as superior to the paid worker, and sees farming as a way of life that can shape the ideal social values.
Albany is the capital of the U.S. state of New York and the seat of Albany County.
Alexander Hamilton is a marble bust portrait of Alexander Hamilton, done in the style of a Roman Senator, by the Italian sculptor Giuseppe Ceracchi.
Alexander Hamilton is an outdoor granite sculpture by Carl Conrads, located in Central Park, Manhattan.
Alexander Hamilton is a 1931 American pre-Code biographical film about Alexander Hamilton, produced and distributed by Warner Bros. and based on the 1917 play ''Hamilton'' by George Arliss and Mary Hamlin.
A bronze statue of Alexander Hamilton by James Earle Fraser, dedicated on May 17, 1923, is found on the south patio (Alexander Hamilton Place, NW) of the U.S. Treasury Building in Washington, D.C..
Colonel Alexander Hamilton Jr. (May 16, 1786 – August 2, 1875) was the third child and the second son of Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton and Alexander Hamilton, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
The Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House is a building in New York City built in 1902–07 by the federal government to house the duty collection operations for the Port of New York.
Alexander McDougall (1732 June 9, 1786) was an American seaman, merchant, a Sons of Liberty leader from New York City before and during the American Revolution, and a military leader during the Revolutionary War.
Alexander White (1738 – September 19, 1804) was a distinguished early American lawyer and politician in the present-day U.S. states of Virginia and West Virginia.
The Alien and Sedition Acts were four bills passed by the Federalist-dominated 5th United States Congress and signed into law by President John Adams in 1798.
Alternate history or alternative history (Commonwealth English), sometimes abbreviated as AH, is a genre of fiction consisting of stories in which one or more historical events occur differently.
AMC is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by it namesake AMC Networks.
The American Academy of Arts and Sciences is one of the oldest learned societies in the United States of America.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
American Heritage is a magazine dedicated to covering the history of the United States of America for a mainstream readership.
The American Journal of Political Science is a journal published by the Midwest Political Science Association.
The American Political Science Review is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering all areas of political science.
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
The American School, also known as the National System, represents three different yet related constructs in politics, policy and philosophy.
Angelica Hamilton (September 25, 1784 – February 6, 1857) was the second child and eldest daughter of Elizabeth Schuyler and Alexander Hamilton, who was the first U.S. Secretary of the Treasury and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
Angelica Church (née Schuyler; February 20, 1756 – March 13, 1814) was an American socialite.
The Annapolis Convention, formally titled as a Meeting of Commissioners to Remedy Defects of the Federal Government, was a national political convention held September 11–14, 1786 at Mann's Tavern in Annapolis, Maryland, in which twelve delegates from five states—New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Virginia—gathered to discuss and develop a consensus about reversing the protectionist trade barriers that each state had erected.
Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg (March 22, 1884April 18, 1951) was an American politician who served as a United States Senator from Michigan from 1928 to 1951.
The Articles of Confederation, formally the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, was an agreement among the 13 original states of the United States of America that served as its first constitution.
The Attorney General of New York is the chief legal officer of the State of New York and head of the New York state government's Department of Law.
An auction is a process of buying and selling goods or services by offering them up for bid, taking bids, and then selling the item to the highest bidder.
Ayrshire (Siorrachd Inbhir Àir) is an historic county and registration county in south-west Scotland, located on the shores of the Firth of Clyde.
The Bank of England, formally the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, is the central bank of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the model on which most modern central banks have been based.
The President, Directors, and Company, of the Bank of North America, commonly known as the Bank of North America, was a private bank first adopted on May 26, 1781 by the Confederation Congress, chartered on December 31, 1781 and opened in Philadelphia on January 7, 1782.
In law, the bar is the legal profession as an institution.
A battalion is a military unit.
The Battle of Brandywine, also known as the Battle of Brandywine Creek, was fought between the American army of General George Washington and the British army of General Sir William Howe on September 11, 1777.
The Battle of Germantown was a major engagement in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War.
The Battle of Harlem Heights was fought during the New York and New Jersey campaign of the American Revolutionary War.
The Battle of Monmouth was an American Revolutionary War battle fought on June 28, 1778, in Monmouth County, New Jersey.
The Battle of Princeton was a battle of the American Revolutionary War, fought near Princeton, New Jersey on January 3, 1777.
The Battle of Trenton was a small but pivotal battle during the American Revolutionary War which took place on the morning of December 26, 1776, in Trenton, New Jersey.
The Battle of White Plains was a battle in the New York and New Jersey campaign of the American Revolutionary War fought on October 28, 1776, near White Plains, New York.
The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War.
A bayonet (from French baïonnette) is a knife, sword, or spike-shaped weapon designed to fit on the end of a rifles muzzle, allowing it to be used as a pike.
Benjamin Franklin Bache (August 12, 1769 – September 10, 1798) was an American journalist, printer and publisher.
Benjamin Moore (October 5, 1748 – February 27, 1816) was the second Episcopal bishop of New York.
Benning Wentworth (24 July 1696 – 14 October 1770) was the colonial governor of New Hampshire from 1741 to 1766.
Biblical Hebrew (rtl Ivrit Miqra'it or rtl Leshon ha-Miqra), also called Classical Hebrew, is an archaic form of Hebrew, a Canaanite Semitic language spoken by the Israelites in the area known as Israel, roughly west of the Jordan River and east of the Mediterranean Sea.
In cultures that practice marital monogamy, bigamy is the act of entering into a marriage with one person while still legally married to another.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Leeward Islands now refers to the Leeward Islands as an English and later British colony from 1671 to 1958, except for the years from 1816 to 1833.
The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories in the Caribbean: Anguilla, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat and the British Virgin Islands.
Broadway theatre,Although theater is the generally preferred spelling in the United States (see American and British English spelling differences), many Broadway venues, performers and trade groups for live dramatic presentations use the spelling theatre.
The Bureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP) is a government agency within the United States Department of the Treasury that designs and produces a variety of security products for the United States government, most notable of which is Federal Reserve Notes (paper money) for the Federal Reserve, the nation's central bank.
Burr (1973), by Gore Vidal, is a historical novel that challenges the traditional founding-fathers iconography of United States history, by means of a narrative that includes a fictional memoir, by Aaron Burr, in representing the people, politics, and events of the U.S. in the early nineteenth century.
The Burr–Hamilton duel was fought between prominent American politicians Aaron Burr, the sitting Vice President of the United States, and Alexander Hamilton, the former Secretary of the Treasury, at Weehawken, New Jersey on July 11, 1804.
The Business History Review is a scholarly quarterly published by Cambridge University Press for Harvard Business School.
The Cabinet of the United States is part of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States that normally acts as an advisory body to the President of the United States.
In the United States uniformed services, captain is a commissioned-officer rank.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
Carl H. Conrads (February 26, 1839 in Breisig, Germany – May 24, 1920 in Hartford, Connecticut) was an American sculptor best known for his work on Civil War monuments and his two works in the National Statuary Hall Collection at the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C. He was also known as Charles Conrads.
Catherine Van Rensselaer Schuyler;, also known as "Kitty", (November 10, 1734 – March 1803) was the wife of Philip Schuyler and the matriarch of the prominent colonial Schuyler family.
Central Park is an urban park in Manhattan, New York City.
Charles Cotesworth "C.
Charles DeKay Cooper (1769 Rhinebeck, Dutchess County, New York - January 30, 1831) was an American physician, lawyer and Democratic-Republican politician.
Charles James Fox (24 January 1749 – 13 September 1806), styled The Honourable from 1762, was a prominent British Whig statesman whose parliamentary career spanned 38 years of the late 18th and early 19th centuries and who was the arch-rival of William Pitt the Younger.
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord (2 February 1754 – 17 May 1838), 1st Prince of Benevento, then 1st Prince of Talleyrand, was a laicized French bishop, politician, and diplomat.
Charlestown is the capital of the island of Nevis, in the Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis, Leeward Islands, West Indies.
Christiansted, U.S. Virgin Islands is the largest town on Saint Croix, one of the main islands comprising the United States Virgin Islands, a territory of the United States of America.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
The Clan Hamilton, also occasionally referred to as the House of Hamilton, is a Lowland Scottish clan.
The Coinage Act or the Mint Act, passed by the United States Congress on April 2, 1792, created the United States dollar as the country's standard unit of money, established the United States Mint, and regulated the coinage of the United States.
A college-preparatory school (shortened to preparatory school, prep school, or college prep) is a type of secondary school.
Columbia College is the oldest undergraduate college at Columbia University, situated on the university's main campus in Morningside Heights in the borough of Manhattan in New York City.
The Columbia Law Review is a law review edited and published by students at Columbia Law School.
Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in 1754, is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
Columbia University Press is a university press based in New York City, and affiliated with Columbia University.
Prior to the institution of the Chief of Staff of the Army in 1903, there was generally recognized to be a single senior-most officer in the United States Army (and its predecessor the Continental Army), even though there was not a statutory office as such.
The Compromise of 1790 was a compromise between Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson with James Madison wherein Hamilton won the decision for the national government to take over and pay the state debts, while Jefferson and Madison obtained the national capital (District of Columbia) for the South.
The Congress of the Confederation, or the Confederation Congress, formally referred to as the United States in Congress Assembled, was the governing body of the United States of America that existed from March 1, 1781, to March 4, 1789.
The Constitutional Convention (also known as the Philadelphia Convention, the Federal Convention, or the Grand Convention at Philadelphia) took place from May 25 to September 17, 1787, in the old Pennsylvania State House (later known as Independence Hall because of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence there eleven years before) in Philadelphia.
The Continental Army was formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the colonies that became the United States of America.
The Continental Congress, also known as the Philadelphia Congress, was a convention of delegates called together from the Thirteen Colonies.
In November 1755, Pasquale Paoli proclaimed Corsica a sovereign nation, the Corsican Republic, independent from the Republic of Genoa.
A cutter is typically a small, but in some cases a medium-sized, watercraft designed for speed rather than for capacity.
Danish (dansk, dansk sprog) is a North Germanic language spoken by around six million people, principally in Denmark and in the region of Southern Schleswig in northern Germany, where it has minority language status.
David Hume (born David Home; 7 May 1711 NS (26 April 1711 OS) – 25 August 1776) was a Scottish philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist, who is best known today for his highly influential system of philosophical empiricism, skepticism, and naturalism.
Deism (or; derived from Latin "deus" meaning "god") is a philosophical belief that posits that God exists and is ultimately responsible for the creation of the universe, but does not interfere directly with the created world.
The Democratic-Republican Party was an American political party formed by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison around 1792 to oppose the centralizing policies of the new Federalist Party run by Alexander Hamilton, who was secretary of the treasury and chief architect of George Washington's administration.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of states.
In theology, divine providence, or just providence, is God's intervention in the universe.
The Drama Desk Awards are presented annually and were first awarded in 1955 to recognize excellence in New York theatre productions on Broadway, Off-Broadway and Off-Off-Broadway.
The Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Musical is an annual award presented by Drama Desk in recognition of achievements in the theatre among Broadway, Off Broadway and Off-Off Broadway productions.
A duel is an arranged engagement in combat between two people, with matched weapons, in accordance with agreed-upon rules.
Edmond-Charles Genêt (January 8, 1763July 14, 1834), also known as Citizen Genêt, was the French ambassador to the United States during the French Revolution.
Edmund Jennings Randolph (August 10, 1753 September 12, 1813) was an American attorney and politician.
Edward Rutledge (November 23, 1749 – January 23, 1800) was an American politician, and youngest signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence.
Edward Stevens (c. 1756 – September 26, 1834) was an American physician and diplomat.
Egbert Benson (June 21, 1746 – August 24, 1833) was a lawyer, jurist, politician from Upper Red Hook, New York, and a Founding Father of the United States who represented New York in the Continental Congress, Annapolis Convention, and the United States House of Representatives, and who served as a member of the New York State constitutional convention in 1788 which ratified the United States Constitution.
An electoral college is a set of electors who are selected to elect a candidate to a particular office.
The United States Electoral College is the mechanism established by the United States Constitution for the election of the president and vice president of the United States by small groups of appointed representatives, electors, from each state and the District of Columbia.
Gottlieb Eliel Saarinen (August 20, 1873 – July 1, 1950) was a Finnish architect known for his work with art nouveau buildings in the early years of the 20th century.
Eliza Hamilton Holly (November 20, 1799 – October 17, 1859) was the seventh child and second daughter of Alexander Hamilton, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, and his wife, Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton.
Elizabeth Hamilton (née Schuyler; August 9, 1757 – November 9, 1854), sometimes called "Eliza" or "Betsey", was co-founder and deputy director of an orphanage in New York City.
Elizabeth Township, also called Elizabethtown, was a township that existed in Essex County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey, from 1664 until 1855.
The Episcopal Church is the United States-based member church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.
Ethan Allen (Allen's date of birth is made confusing by calendrical differences caused by the conversion between the Julian and Gregorian calendars. The first change offsets the date by 11 days. The second is that, at the time of Allen's birth, the New Year began on March 25. As a result, while his birth is officially recorded as happening on January 10, 1737, conversions due to these changes make the date in the modern calendar January 21, 1738. Adjusting for the movement of the New Year to January changes the year to 1738; adjusting for the Gregorian calendar changes the date from January 10 to 21. See Jellison, p. 2 and Hall (1895), p. 5. – February 12, 1789) was a farmer, businessman, land speculator, philosopher, writer, lay theologian, and American Revolutionary War patriot, and politician.
The Eucharist (also called Holy Communion or the Lord's Supper, among other names) is a Christian rite that is considered a sacrament in most churches and an ordinance in others.
Evacuation Day on November 25 marks the day in 1783 when British troops departed from New York City on Manhattan Island, after the end of the American Revolutionary War.
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
In the 2016 United States presidential election, seven members of the U.S. Electoral College voted for a candidate different from the one for whom they were pledged to vote.
Federal-style architecture is the name for the classicizing architecture built in the newly founded United States between c. 1780 and 1830, and particularly from 1785 to 1815.
The Federalist Party, referred to as the Pro-Administration party until the 3rd United States Congress (as opposed to their opponents in the Anti-Administration party), was the first American political party.
A federation (also known as a federal state) is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing provinces, states, or other regions under a central (federal) government.
The President, Directors and Company, of the Bank of the United States, commonly known as the First Bank of the United States, was a national bank, chartered for a term of twenty years, by the United States Congress on February 25, 1791.
The First Great Awakening (sometimes Great Awakening) or the Evangelical Revival was a series of Christian revivals that swept Britain and its Thirteen Colonies between the 1730s and 1740s.
The First Lord of the Treasury is the head of the commission exercising the ancient office of Lord High Treasurer in the United Kingdom, and is now always also the Prime Minister.
The First Party System is a model of American politics used in history and political science to periodize the political party system that existed in the United States between roughly 1792 and 1824.
The First Report on the Public Credit was one of three major reports on fiscal and economic policy submitted by American Founding Father and first United States Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton on the request of Congress.
Forrest McDonald (January 7, 1927 – January 19, 2016) was an American historian, who wrote extensively on the early national period of the United States, on republicanism, and on the presidency, though he is possibly best known for his polemic on the American South.
Historic Fort Hamilton is located in the southwestern corner of the New York City borough of Brooklyn surrounded by the communities of Bay Ridge and Dyker Heights, and is one of several posts that are part of the region which is headquartered by the Military District of Washington.
The Founding Fathers of the United States led the American Revolution against the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Francis Barber (1750–1783) was a Colonel in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War.
Franklin Bachelder Simmons (January 11, 1839 – December 8, 1913) was a prominent American sculptor of the nineteenth century.
Free trade is a free market policy followed by some international markets in which countries' governments do not restrict imports from, or exports to, other countries.
The French Army, officially the Ground Army (Armée de terre) (to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de L'air or Air Army) is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.
In the history of France, the First Republic (French: Première République), officially the French Republic (République française), was founded on 22 September 1792 during the French Revolution.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
Georg Friedrich List (6 August 1789 – 30 November 1846) was a German economist with dual American citizenship who developed the "National System", also known as the National System of Innovation.
Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. is a book by Jonathan Ned Katz.
A general welfare clause is a section that appeared in many constitutions, as well as in some charters and statutes, which provides that the governing body empowered by the document may enact laws to promote the general welfare of the people, sometimes worded as the public welfare.
George Arliss (10 April 1868 – 5 February 1946) was an English actor, author, playwright and filmmaker who found success in the United States.
George Clinton (July 26, 1739April 20, 1812) was an American soldier and statesman, considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.
George Washington II: The Forging of a Nation is a 1986 television film, and was the sequel to the 1984 miniseries George Washington.
George Washington's Farewell Address is a letter written by first President of the United States George Washington to "friends and fellow-citizens".
Georgian architecture is the name given in most English-speaking countries to the set of architectural styles current between 1714 and 1830.
Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette (6 September 1757 – 20 May 1834), in the United States often known simply as Lafayette, was a French aristocrat and military officer who fought in the American Revolutionary War.
Gilbert Livingston (December 17, 1742 – September 14, 1806) was a lawyer who, in 1788, served as a delegate to the Poughkeepsie Convention where, despite having arrived at the convention as an Anti-Federalist, he ultimately voted to ratify the United States Constitution.
Gilding is any decorative technique for applying fine gold leaf or powder to solid surfaces such as wood, stone, or metal to give a thin coating of gold.
Giuseppe Ceracchi (also known as Giuseppe Cirachi) (4 July 1751 – 30 January 1801) was an Italian sculptor, active in a Neoclassic style in Italy, England and the nascent United States, who was a passionate republican during the American and French revolutions.
A gold standard is a monetary system in which the standard economic unit of account is based on a fixed quantity of gold.
Eugene Luther Gore Vidal (born Eugene Louis Vidal; October 3, 1925 – July 31, 2012) was an American writer and public intellectual known for his patrician manner, epigrammatic wit, and polished style of writing.
Gouverneur Morris I (30 January 1752 – 6 November 1816) was an American statesman, a Founding Father of the United States, and a signatory to the Articles of Confederation and the United States Constitution.
Government debt (also known as public interest, public debt, national debt and sovereign debt) is the debt owed by a government.
The Great Falls of the Passaic River is a prominent waterfall, high, on the Passaic River in the city of Paterson in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States.
The Green Mountain Boys was a militia organization first established in the late 1760s in the territory between the British provinces of New York and New Hampshire, known as the New Hampshire Grants and later in 1775 as the Vermont Republic (which later became the state of Vermont).
Greenwich Village often referred to by locals as simply "the Village", is a neighborhood on the west side of Lower Manhattan, New York City.
Haiti (Haïti; Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.
The Haldimand Affair (also called the Haldimand or Vermont Negotiations) was a series of negotiations conducted in the early 1780s (late in the American Revolutionary War) between Frederick Haldimand, the British governor of the Province of Quebec, his agents, and several people representing the independent Vermont Republic.
Hamilton: An American Musical is a sung- and rapped-through musical about the life of American Founding Father Alexander Hamilton, with music, lyrics, and book by Lin-Manuel Miranda,Donaldson, Kayleigh (2017).
Hamilton is a 1917 Broadway play about Alexander Hamilton, written by Mary P. Hamlin and George Arliss.
Hamilton College is a private, nonsectarian liberal arts college in Clinton, New York.
Hamilton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida.
Hamilton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois.
Hamilton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana.
Hamilton County (county code HM) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas.
Hamilton County is a county located in the U.S. state Nebraska.
Hamilton County is a county in the U.S. state of New York.
Hamilton County is a county in the southwest corner of the U.S. state of Ohio.
Hamilton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee.
Hamilton Grange National Memorial, also known as The Grange or the Hamilton Grange Mansion, is a National Park Service site in St. Nicholas Park, Manhattan, New York City, that preserves the relocated home of U.S. Founding Father Alexander Hamilton.
Hamilton Hall is an academic building on the Morningside Heights campus of Columbia University on College Walk (116th Street) at 1130 Amsterdam Avenue in Manhattan, New York City.
Hamilton Heights is a neighborhood in the northern part of Manhattan, which is a borough of New York City.
Hamilton is a city in Greenwood County, Kansas, United States.
Hamilton is a rural-suburban town in the eastern central portion of Essex County in eastern Massachusetts, United States.
Hamilton is a city in Caldwell County, Missouri, United States.
Hamilton is a city in and the county seat of Butler County, Ohio, United States, in the state's southwestern corner, located 20 miles north of Cincinnati.
The Hamilton-Holly House, located at 4 St. Mark's Place in the East Village section of Manhattan, is a Federal style townhouse constructed in 1831.
'''Alexander Hamilton''' The Hamilton–Reynolds affair involved Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton who had a one-year affair with Maria Reynolds, the wife of James Reynolds, which began in 1791 and occurred during the time of George Washington's presidency.
Harriet Tubman (born Araminta Ross, March 10, 1913) was an American abolitionist and political activist.
Home Box Office (HBO) is an American premium cable and satellite television network of Home Box Office, Inc..
The head teacher,See American and British English spelling differences headmaster, headmistress, head, chancellor, principal or school director (sometimes another title is used) is the teacher with the greatest responsibility for the management of a school, college, or, in the case of the United States and India, an independent school.
The Hearts of Oak (originally "The Corsicans") were a volunteer militia based in the British colonial Province of New York and formed circa 1775 in New York City.
Henry Cabot Lodge (May 12, 1850 November 9, 1924) was an American Republican Congressman and historian from Massachusetts.
Henry Charles Carey (December 15, 1793 – October 13, 1879) was a leading 19th-century economist of the American School of capitalism, and chief economic adviser to U.S. President Abraham Lincoln.
Henry Knox (July 25, 1750 – October 25, 1806) was a military officer of the Continental Army and later the United States Army, who also served as the first United States Secretary of War from 1789 to 1794.
Major-General Henry "Light-Horse Harry" Lee III (January 29, 1756March 25, 1818) was an early American Patriot and politician who served as the ninth Governor of Virginia and as the Virginia Representative to the United States Congress.
Herbert David Croly (January 23, 1869 – May 17, 1930) was an intellectual leader of the progressive movement as an editor, political philosopher and a co-founder of the magazine The New Republic in early twentieth-century America.
Hercules Mulligan (September 25, 1740March 4, 1825) was an Irish-American tailor and spy during the American Revolutionary War.
Hessians were German soldiers who served as auxiliaries to the British Army during the American Revolutionary War.
The term historical period drama (also historical drama, period drama, costume drama, and period piece) refers to a work set in a past time period, usually used in the context of film and television.
This history of central banking in the United States encompasses various bank regulations, from early "wildcat" practices through the present Federal Reserve System.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the world's oldest extant political parties.
HMS Asia was a 64-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 3 March 1764 at Portsmouth Dockyard.
In sociology, homosociality means same-sex relationships that are not of a romantic or sexual nature, such as friendship, mentorship, or others.
The Hudson River is a river that flows from north to south primarily through eastern New York in the United States.
Huguenots (Les huguenots) are an ethnoreligious group of French Protestants who follow the Reformed tradition.
A hymn is a type of song, usually religious, specifically written for the purpose of adoration or prayer, and typically addressed to a deity or deities, or to a prominent figure or personification.
Implied powers, in the United States, are powers authorized by the Constitution that, while not stated, seem implied by powers that are expressly stated.
The infant industry argument is an economic rationale for trade protectionism.
An IOU (abbreviated from the phrase "I owe you") is usually an informal document acknowledging debt.
Jacksonian democracy is a 19th-century political philosophy in the United States that espoused greater democracy for the common man as that term was then defined.
Jacques Necker (30 September 1732 – 9 April 1804) was a banker of Genevan origin who became a French statesman and finance minister for Louis XVI.
James Asheton Bayard Sr. (July 28, 1767 – August 6, 1815) was an American lawyer and politician from Wilmington, in New Castle County, Delaware.
James Alexander Hamilton (April 14, 1788 – September 24, 1878) was an American soldier, acting Secretary of State, and the third son of Alexander Hamilton, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
James Duane (February 6, 1733 – February 1, 1797) was an American lawyer, jurist, and Revolutionary leader from New York.
James Earle Fraser (November 4, 1876 – October 11, 1953) was an American sculptor during the first half of the 20th century.
James Jackson (September 21, 1757 – March 19, 1806) was an early British-born Georgia politician of the Democratic-Republican Party.
James Madison Jr. (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836) was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the fourth President of the United States from 1809 to 1817.
James McHenry (November 16, 1753 – May 3, 1816) was an Irish-American military surgeon and statesman.
James Monroe (April 28, 1758 – July 4, 1831) was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the fifth President of the United States from 1817 to 1825.
James Thomson Callender (1758 – July 17, 1803) was a political pamphleteer and journalist whose writing was controversial in his native Scotland and the United States.
James Wilkinson (March 24, 1757 – December 28, 1825) was an American soldier and statesman, who was associated with several scandals and controversies.
James Wilson (September 14, 1742 – August 21, 1798) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States and a signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution.
The Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation, Between His Britannic Majesty and the United States of America, commonly known as the Jay Treaty, and also as Jay's Treaty, was a 1795 treaty between the United States and Great Britain that averted war, resolved issues remaining since the Treaty of Paris of 1783 (which ended the American Revolutionary War), and facilitated ten years of peaceful trade between the United States and Britain in the midst of the French Revolutionary Wars, which began in 1792.
Jean-Baptiste Colbert (29 August 1619 – 6 September 1683) was a French politician who served as the Minister of Finances of France from 1665 to 1683 under the rule of King Louis XIV.
Jeffersonian democracy, named after its advocate Thomas Jefferson, was one of two dominant political outlooks and movements in the United States from the 1790s to the 1820s.
John Adams (October 30 [O.S. October 19] 1735 – July 4, 1826) was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the first Vice President (1789–1797) and second President of the United States (1797–1801).
John Adams is a 2008 American television miniseries chronicling most of U.S. President John Adams's political life and his role in the founding of the United States.
John Angel (November 1, 1881 – October 16, 1960) was a British-born sculptor, architectural and ecclesiastical sculptor, medallist and lecturer.
John Barker Church (October 30, 1748 – April 27, 1818) was an English born businessman and supplier of the Continental Army during the American Revolution.
John Church Hamilton (August 22, 1792 − July 25, 1882) was a historian, biographer, and lawyer.
John Dickinson (November 8, 1732 – February 14, 1808), a Founding Father of the United States, was a solicitor and politician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Wilmington, Delaware known as the "Penman of the Revolution" for his twelve Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania, published individually in 1767 and 1768.
John Fenno (Aug. 12, 1751 (O.S.) – Sept. 14, 1798), was a Federalist Party editor and major figure in the history of American newspapers.
John Fries (1750February 1818) was a Pennsylvania auctioneer.
John Jay (December 12, 1745 – May 17, 1829) was an American statesman, Patriot, diplomat, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, negotiator and signatory of the Treaty of Paris of 1783, second Governor of New York, and the first Chief Justice of the United States (1789–1795).
John Ten Eyck Lansing Jr. (January 30, 1754 – vanished December 12, 1829) was an American lawyer and politician.
John Laurens (October 28, 1754 – August 27, 1782) was an American soldier and statesman from South Carolina during the American Revolutionary War, best known for his criticism of slavery and his efforts to help recruit slaves to fight for their freedom as U.S. soldiers.
John McComb Jr. (1763 in New York City, New York – 1853 in New York City, New York) was an American architect who designed many landmarks in the 18th and 19th centuries.
John Trumbull (June 6, 1756November 10, 1843) was an American artist during the period of the American Revolutionary War and was notable for his historical paintings.
John Witherspoon (February 5, 1722 – November 15, 1794) was a Scottish-American Presbyterian minister and a Founding Father of the United States.
Jonathan Ned Katz (born 1938) is an American historian of human sexuality who has focused on same-sex attraction and changes in the social organization of sexuality over time.
Judicial interpretation refers to different ways that the judiciary uses to interpret the law, particularly constitutional documents and legislation.
The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.
Kerelaw Castle is a castle ruin situated on the coast of North Ayrshire, Scotland in the town of Stevenston.
Kristen Visbal (born December 3, 1962 in Montevideo, Uruguay) is an American sculptor living and working in Lewes, Delaware.
Lester Neil Smith III (born May 12, 1946), better known as L. Neil Smith, is an American libertarian science fiction author and political activist.
Laird is a generic name for the owner of a large, long-established Scottish estate, roughly equivalent to an esquire in England, yet ranking above the same in Scotland.
Lancaster is a city located in South Central Pennsylvania which serves as the seat of Pennsylvania's Lancaster County and one of the oldest inland towns in the United States.
A lawsuit (or suit in law) is "a vernacular term for a suit, action, or cause instituted or depending between two private persons in the courts of law." A lawsuit is any proceeding by a party or parties against another in a court of law.
The Leeward Islands are a group of islands situated where the northeastern Caribbean Sea meets the western Atlantic Ocean.
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.
Legitimacy, in traditional Western common law, is the status of a child born to parents who are legally married to each other, and of a child conceived before the parents obtain a legal divorce.
The lesser of two evils principle (or lesser evil principle and lesser-evilism) is the principle that when faced with selecting from two immoral options, the one which is least immoral should be chosen.
Letterpress printing is a technique of relief printing using a printing press, a process by which many copies are produced by repeated direct impression of an inked, raised surface against sheets or a continuous roll of paper.
Libertarianism (from libertas, meaning "freedom") is a collection of political philosophies and movements that uphold liberty as a core principle.
The Liberty Hall Museum, located in Union, Union County, New Jersey, United States, is an American historic site.
The Liberty issue was a definitive series of postage stamps issued by the United States between 1954 and 1965.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
In the United States Army, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Air Force, a lieutenant colonel is a field grade military officer rank just above the rank of major and just below the rank of colonel.
Lin-Manuel Miranda (born January 16, 1980) is an American composer, lyricist, playwright, and actor of Puerto Rican ancestry best known for creating and starring in the Broadway musicals In the Heights and Hamilton. He co-wrote the songs for Disney's ''Moana'' soundtrack (2016) and is set to co-star in the upcoming film Mary Poppins Returns. Miranda's awards include a Pulitzer Prize, three Grammy Awards, an Emmy Award, a MacArthur Fellowship, and three Tony Awards. Miranda wrote the music and lyrics for the musical In the Heights, which premiered on Broadway in 2008. For this work, he won the 2008 Tony Award for Best Original Score, the show's cast album won the 2009 Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album and the show won the Tony Award for Best Musical. Miranda was also nominated for the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical for his performance in the show's lead role. Miranda prepared Spanish translations used in the 2009 Broadway production of West Side Story and was co-composer and lyricist for Bring It On: The Musical, which played on Broadway in 2012. His television work includes recurring roles on The Electric Company (2009–2010) and Do No Harm (2013). He hosted Saturday Night Live for the first time in 2016 and earned his first Emmy award nomination for acting. Among other film work, Miranda contributed music and vocals for a scene in Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015). Miranda is most celebrated for writing the book, music and lyrics for Hamilton: An American Musical, which has been acclaimed as a pop culture phenomenon since its Broadway premiere in August 2015. The show earned the 2016 Pulitzer Prize for Drama, the 2016 Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album, and was nominated for a record-setting 16 Tony Awards, of which it won 11, including Best Musical, Best Original Score and Best Book. For his performance in the lead role of Alexander Hamilton, Miranda was nominated for another Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical. The ''Hamilton'' cast recording spent ten weeks atop Billboards Top Rap Albums chart in 2015, while The Hamilton Mixtape, an album of covers of songs from the musical, developed by and featuring Miranda, reached number one on the Billboard 200 upon release in December 2016. Miranda has emerged as an influential political activist, particularly in the wake of Hurricane Maria's devastation in Puerto Rico, for which he raised $30 million for the rescue efforts.
Lincoln Park is a park situated along Lake Michigan on North Side in Chicago, Illinois.
As of 2013, the United States Cabinet has had 20 appointed members in its history who were born outside the present-day United States.
This List of Inspectors General of the U.S. Army includes the names of the Inspector General of the United States Army from 1775 to the present.
Individual portraits of 53 people central to the history of the United States are depicted on the country's banknotesFriedberg including presidents, cabinet members, members of Congress, Founding Fathers, jurists, and military leaders.
The liver, an organ only found in vertebrates, detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion.
In general, loyalism is an individual's allegiance toward an established government, political party, or sovereign, especially during times of war and revolt.
The lumbar vertebrae are, in human anatomy, the five vertebrae between the rib cage and the pelvis.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, major general is a two-star general-officer rank, with the pay grade of O-8.
Malachy Postlethwayt (1707? – 1767) was a British commercial expert famous for his publication of the commercial dictionary titled The Universal Dictionary of Trade and Commerce in 1757.
Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.
Maria Reynolds (née Lewis) (March 30, 1768 – March 25, 1828) was the wife of James Reynolds, and was Alexander Hamilton's mistress between 1791 and 1792.
McCulloch v. Maryland,, was a decision by the Supreme Court of the United States.
The, also known as the Meiji era, is a Japanese era which extended from October 23, 1868, to July 30, 1912.
Melancton Smith (May 7, 1744 – July 29, 1798) was a New York delegate to the Continental Congress.
Mellon Financial Corporation was one of the world's largest money management firms.
Military intelligence is a military discipline that uses information collection and analysis approaches to provide guidance and direction to assist commanders in their decisions.
The militia of the United States, as defined by the U.S. Congress, has changed over time.
A miniseries (or mini-series, also known as a serial in the UK) is a television program that tells a story in a predetermined, limited number of episodes.
A mint is an industrial facility which manufactures coins that can be used in currency.
Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu (18 January 1689 – 10 February 1755), generally referred to as simply Montesquieu, was a French judge, man of letters, and political philosopher.
Morgan Lewis (October 16, 1754 – April 7, 1844) was an American lawyer, politician, and military commander.
Morristown is a town and county seat of Morris County, New Jersey, United States.
A mortal sin (peccatum mortale), in Catholic theology, is a gravely sinful act, which can lead to damnation if a person does not repent of the sin before death.
Multiracial is defined as made up of or relating to people of many races.
Myles Cooper (1735 – May 1, 1785) was a figure in colonial New York.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Nassau Hall (or Old Nassau) is the oldest building at Princeton University in Princeton, Mercer County, New Jersey, United States.
Nathanael Greene (June 19, 1786, sometimes misspelled Nathaniel) was a major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783).
Nathaniel Chipman (November 15, 1752February 13, 1843) was an American politician who served as a United States Senator from Vermont and Chief Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court.
Nathaniel Pendleton (October 27, 1756 – October 20, 1821) was a lawyer and judge in the United States at the time of the American Revolutionary War and afterward.
The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is an independent agency of the United States government charged with preserving and documenting government and historical records and with increasing public access to those documents, which comprise the National Archives.
The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations.
The Necessary and Proper Clause, also known as the elastic clause, is a clause in Article I, Section 8 of the United States Constitution that is as follows.
Nevis is a small island in the Caribbean Sea that forms part of the inner arc of the Leeward Islands chain of the West Indies.
The Nevis Historical and Conservation Society (NHCS) is a nonprofit non-governmental organisation (NGO) based in the Caribbean island of Nevis, founded in 1980 to protect the cultural and natural heritage of the island.
The Nevis Island Assembly is the local legislative body for the island of Nevis.
New England is a geographical region comprising six states of the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut.
The New Hampshire Grants or Benning Wentworth Grants were land grants made between 1749 and 1764 by the colonial governor of the Province of New Hampshire, Benning Wentworth.
New London is a seaport city and a port of entry on the northeast coast of the United States.
New York is an American biweekly magazine concerned with life, culture, politics, and style generally, and with a particular emphasis on New York City.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
The New York and New Jersey campaign was a series of battles in 1776 and the winter months of 1777 for control of New York City and the state of New Jersey during the American Revolutionary War between British forces under General Sir William Howe and the Continental Army under General George Washington.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
New York City Hall, the seat of New York City government, is located at the center of City Hall Park in the Civic Center area of Lower Manhattan, between Broadway, Park Row, and Chambers Street.
The New York Manumission Society was an American organization founded in 1785 by U.S. Founding Father John Jay, among others, to promote the gradual abolition of slavery and manumission of slaves of African descent within the state of New York.
The New York Post is the fourth-largest newspaper in the United States and a leading digital media publisher that reached more than 57 million unique visitors in the U.S. in January 2017.
During the American Revolutionary War, the New York Provincial Company of Artillery was created by the New York Provincial Congress in 1776 to defend New York City from British attack.
New York State Legislature are the two houses that act as the state legislature of the U.S. state of New York.
The New-York Historical Society is an American history museum and library located in New York City at the corner of 77th Street and Central Park West in Manhattan, founded in 1804 as New York's first museum.
The Newburgh Conspiracy was what appeared to be a planned military coup by the Continental Army in March 1783, when the American Revolutionary War was at its end.
Newburgh is a city located in Orange County, New York, United States, north of New York City, and south of Albany, on the Hudson River.
Noah Webster Jr. (October 16, 1758 – May 28, 1843) was an American lexicographer, textbook pioneer, English-language spelling reformer, political writer, editor, and prolific author.
North American Confederacy is an alternate history series of novels created by L. Neil Smith.
The Nova Constellatio coins are the first coins struck under the authority of the United States of America.
An Off-Broadway theatre is any professional venue in Manhattan in New York City with a seating capacity between 100 and 499, inclusive.
An officer is a member of an armed force or uniformed service who holds a position of authority.
Oliver Wolcott Jr. (January 11, 1760 – June 1, 1833) was an American politician.
The Panic of 1792 was a financial credit crisis that occurred during the months of March and April 1792, precipitated by the expansion of credit by the newly formed Bank of the United States as well as by rampant speculation on the part of William Duer, Alexander Macomb, and other prominent bankers.
Filippo Antonio Pasquale di Paoli FRS (Pascal Paoli; 6 April 1725 – 5 February 1807) was a Corsican patriot and leader, the president of the Executive Council of the General Diet of the People of Corsica.
The Passaic River is a mature surface river, approximately 80 mi (129 km) long, in northern New Jersey in the United States.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
Margarita "Peggy" Schuyler Van Rensselaer (September 19, 1758 – March 14, 1801) was the third daughter of Continental Army General Philip Schuyler.
A pension is a fund into which a sum of money is added during an employee's employment years, and from which payments are drawn to support the person's retirement from work in the form of periodic payments.
Philip Morin Freneau (January 2, 1752 – December 18, 1832) was an American poet, nationalist, polemicist, sea captain and newspaper editor sometimes called the "Poet of the American Revolution".
Philip Hamilton (January 22, 1782 – November 24, 1801) was the eldest child of Alexander Hamilton, who was the first U.S. Secretary of the Treasury and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, and of Elizabeth Schuyler.
Philip Hamilton (June 1 or 2, 1802 – July 9, 1884) was the youngest child of Alexander Hamilton, who was the first U.S. Secretary of the Treasury and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
Philip John Schuyler (November 18, 1804) was a general in the American Revolution and a United States Senator from New York.
The Philolexian Society of Columbia University is one of the oldest college literary and debate societies in the United States, and the oldest student group at Columbia.
Physiocracy (from the Greek for "government of nature") is an economic theory developed by a group of 18th century Enlightenment French economists who believed that the wealth of nations was derived solely from the value of "land agriculture" or "land development" and that agricultural products should be highly priced.
The presidency of George Washington began on April 30, 1789, when Washington was inaugurated as the first President of the United States, and ended on March 4, 1797.
The president of the Continental Congress was the presiding officer of the Continental Congress, the convention of delegates that emerged as the first (transitional) national government of the United States during the American Revolution.
Princeton is a municipality with a borough form of government in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States, that was established in its current form on January 1, 2013, through the consolidation of the Borough of Princeton and Princeton Township.
Probate is the judicial process whereby a will is "proved" in a court of law and accepted as a valid public document that is the true last testament of the deceased, or whereby the estate is settled according to the laws of intestacy in the state of residence of the deceased at time of death in the absence of a legal will.
A probate court (sometimes called a surrogate court) is a court that has competence in a jurisdiction to deal with matters of probate and the administration of estates.
The Progressive Era was a period of widespread social activism and political reform across the United States that spanned from the 1890s to the 1920s.
A promissory note, sometimes referred to as a note payable, is a legal instrument (more particularly, a financial instrument and a debt instrument), in which one party (the maker or issuer) promises in writing to pay a determinate sum of money to the other (the payee), either at a fixed or determinable future time or on demand of the payee, under specific terms.
Protectionism is the economic policy of restricting imports from other countries through methods such as tariffs on imported goods, import quotas, and a variety of other government regulations.
The Province of New York (1664–1776) was a British proprietary colony and later royal colony on the northeast coast of North America.
Publius is a Latin praenomen, or personal name.
The Pulitzer Prize for Drama is one of the seven American Pulitzer Prizes that are annually awarded for Letters, Drama, and Music.
The putting-out system is a means of subcontracting work.
Quakers (or Friends) are members of a historically Christian group of religious movements formally known as the Religious Society of Friends or Friends Church.
The Quasi-War (Quasi-guerre) was an undeclared war fought almost entirely at sea between the United States and France from 1798 to 1800.
The Quebec Act of 1774 (Acte de Québec), (the Act) formally known as the British North America (Quebec) Act 1774, was an act of the Parliament of Great Britain (citation 14 Geo. III c. 83) setting procedures of governance in the Province of Quebec.
A redoubt (historically redout) is a fort or fort system usually consisting of an enclosed defensive emplacement outside a larger fort, usually relying on earthworks, although some are constructed of stone or brick.
The Second Report on the Public Credit also referred to as The Report on a National Bank Malone, 1960, p. 259 was the second of three influential reports on fiscal and economic policy delivered to City Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton.
The Report on the Subject of Manufactures, generally referred to by its shortened title Report on Manufactures, is the third major report, and magnum opus, of American founding father and first U.S. Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton.
In contract law, rescission has been defined as the unmaking of a contract between parties.
The rib cage is an arrangement of bones in the thorax of most vertebrates.
Richard Bekins (born July 17, 1954) is an American actor in theater, film, and television.
Richard Brookhiser (born February 23, 1955) is an American journalist, biographer and historian.
Richard Harison (January 12, 1747 (O.S.) in New York City – December 7, 1829) was an American lawyer and Federalist politician from New York.
Richard Morris (August 15, 1730 O.S. – April 11, 1810) was an American lawyer and politician from New York.
Robert Le Roy Livingston (October 18, 1778 – April 14, 1836) was a United States Representative from New York.
Robert Morris, Jr. (January 20, 1734 – May 8, 1806), a Founding Father of the United States, was an English-born American merchant who financed the American Revolution, oversaw the striking of the first coins of the United States, and signed the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, and the United States Constitution.
Robert Troup (August 19, 1756 – January 14, 1832) was an American soldier, lawyer and jurist.
Robert Yates (January 27, 1738 – September 9, 1801) was a politician and judge well known for his Anti-Federalist stances.
Ronald "Ron" Chernow (born March 3, 1949) is an American writer, journalist, historian, and biographer.
Rotten Tomatoes is an American review-aggregation website for film and television.
Rufus King (March 24, 1755April 29, 1827) was an American lawyer, politician, and diplomat.
Rufus Frederik Sewell (born 29 October 1967) is an English actor.
Rutgers v. Waddington was a case held in the New York City Mayor's Court in 1784.
Saint Croix is an island in the Caribbean Sea, and a county and constituent district of the United States Virgin Islands (USVI), an unincorporated territory of the United States.
Saint Kitts, also known more formally as Saint Christopher Island, is an island in the West Indies.
Samuel Seabury (November 30, 1729February 25, 1796) was the first American Episcopal bishop, the second Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America, and the first Bishop of Connecticut.
Schuyler Mansion is a historic house at 32 Catherine Street in Albany, New York, United States.
The Scottish people (Scots: Scots Fowk, Scottish Gaelic: Albannaich), or Scots, are a nation and ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically, they emerged from an amalgamation of two Celtic-speaking peoples, the Picts and Gaels, who founded the Kingdom of Scotland (or Alba) in the 9th century. Later, the neighbouring Celtic-speaking Cumbrians, as well as Germanic-speaking Anglo-Saxons and Norse, were incorporated into the Scottish nation. In modern usage, "Scottish people" or "Scots" is used to refer to anyone whose linguistic, cultural, family ancestral or genetic origins are from Scotland. The Latin word Scoti originally referred to the Gaels, but came to describe all inhabitants of Scotland. Considered archaic or pejorative, the term Scotch has also been used for Scottish people, primarily outside Scotland. John Kenneth Galbraith in his book The Scotch (Toronto: MacMillan, 1964) documents the descendants of 19th-century Scottish pioneers who settled in Southwestern Ontario and affectionately referred to themselves as 'Scotch'. He states the book was meant to give a true picture of life in the community in the early decades of the 20th century. People of Scottish descent live in many countries other than Scotland. Emigration, influenced by factors such as the Highland and Lowland Clearances, Scottish participation in the British Empire, and latterly industrial decline and unemployment, have resulted in Scottish people being found throughout the world. Scottish emigrants took with them their Scottish languages and culture. Large populations of Scottish people settled the new-world lands of North and South America, Australia and New Zealand. Canada has the highest level of Scottish descendants per capita in the world and the second-largest population of Scottish descendants, after the United States. Scotland has seen migration and settlement of many peoples at different periods in its history. The Gaels, the Picts and the Britons have their respective origin myths, like most medieval European peoples. Germanic peoples, such as the Anglo-Saxons, arrived beginning in the 7th century, while the Norse settled parts of Scotland from the 8th century onwards. In the High Middle Ages, from the reign of David I of Scotland, there was some emigration from France, England and the Low Countries to Scotland. Some famous Scottish family names, including those bearing the names which became Bruce, Balliol, Murray and Stewart came to Scotland at this time. Today Scotland is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens.
The Second League of Armed Neutrality or the League of the North was an alliance of the north European naval powers Denmark–Norway, Prussia, Sweden, and Russia.
Sedition and seditious libel were criminal offences under English common law, and are still criminal offences in Canada.
The sentimental novel or the novel of sensibility is an 18th-century literary genre which celebrates the emotional and intellectual concepts of sentiment, sentimentalism, and sensibility.
A sex scandal is a scandal involving allegations or information about possibly-immoral sexual activities being made public.
The Siege of Yorktown, also known as the Battle of Yorktown, the Surrender at Yorktown, German Battle or the Siege of Little York, ending on October 19, 1781, at Yorktown, Virginia, was a decisive victory by a combined force of American Continental Army troops led by General George Washington and French Army troops led by the Comte de Rochambeau over a British Army commanded by British peer and Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis.
A sinking fund is a fund established by an economic entity by setting aside revenue over a period of time to fund a future capital expense, or repayment of a long-term debt.
Slavery in the United States was the legal institution of human chattel enslavement, primarily of Africans and African Americans, that existed in the United States of America in the 18th and 19th centuries.
The Smithsonian American Art Museum (commonly known as SAAM, and formerly the National Museum of American Art) is a museum in Washington, D.C., part of the Smithsonian Institution.
The Smithsonian Institution, established on August 10, 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge," is a group of museums and research centers administered by the Government of the United States.
The Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures (S.U.M.) or Society for the Establishment of Useful Manufactures was a private state-sponsored corporation founded in 1791 to promote industrial development along the Passaic River in New Jersey in the United States.
South Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.
The overseas expansion under the Crown of Castile was initiated under the royal authority and first accomplished by the Spanish conquistadors.
The Spanish dollar, also known as the piece of eight (peso de ocho or real de a ocho), is a silver coin, of approximately 38 mm diameter, worth eight Spanish reales, that was minted in the Spanish Empire after 1598.
Saint Nicholas Park is a New York City public park located in Harlem at the intersection of Manhattan neighborhoods Hamilton Heights and Manhattanville.
A stamp act is any legislation that requires a tax to be paid on the transfer of certain documents.
Superintendent of Finance of the United States was an executive office under the Articles of Confederation have the power similar to a Finance minister.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
In 1789, Alexander Hamilton, the Secretary of the Treasury, calculated that the United States required $3 million a year for operating expenses as well as enough revenue to repay the estimated $75 million in foreign and domestic debt.
The tariff history of the United States spans from colonial times to present.
Tarring and feathering is a form of public torture and humiliation used to enforce unofficial justice or revenge.
The Ten Commandments (עֲשֶׂרֶת הַדִּבְּרוֹת, Aseret ha'Dibrot), also known as the Decalogue, are a set of biblical principles relating to ethics and worship, which play a fundamental role in Judaism and Christianity.
Tench Coxe (May 22, 1755July 17, 1824) was an American political economist and a delegate for Pennsylvania to the Continental Congress in 1788–1789.
The Adams Chronicles is a thirteen-episode miniseries by PBS that aired in 1976 to commemorate the American Bicentennial.
The Atlantic is an American magazine and multi-platform publisher, founded in 1857 as The Atlantic Monthly in Boston, Massachusetts.
The Bank of New York Mellon Corporation, which does business as BNY Mellon, is an American worldwide banking and financial services holding company headquartered in New York City.
The Battery (also commonly known as Battery Park) is a public park located at the southern tip of Manhattan Island in New York City facing New York Harbor.
The Farmer Refuted, published in February 1775, was Alexander Hamilton's second published work, a follow-up to his 1774 A Full Vindication of the Measures of Congress.
The Federalist (later known as The Federalist Papers) is a collection of 85 articles and essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay under the pseudonym "Publius" to promote the ratification of the United States Constitution.
The Independent Journal, occasionally known as The General Advertiser, was a semi-weekly New York City journal and newspaper edited and published by John McLean and Archibald McLean in the late 18th century.
The Manhattan Company was a New York bank and holding company established on September 1, 1799.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The New Yorker is an American magazine of reportage, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry.
The Probability Broach is a 1979 novel by American science fiction writer L. Neil Smith.
The Wilson Quarterly is a magazine published by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C. The magazine was founded in 1976 by Peter Braestrup and James H. Billington.
Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was an American statesman and writer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909.
Theodore Sedgwick (May 9, 1746January 24, 1813) was an American attorney, politician and jurist, who served in elected state government and as a Delegate to the Continental Congress, a U.S. Representative, and a United States Senator from Massachusetts.
The Thirteen Colonies were a group of British colonies on the east coast of North America founded in the 17th and 18th centuries that declared independence in 1776 and formed the United States of America.
Thomas Burke (ca. 1747December 2, 1783) was an Irish physician, lawyer, and statesman who lived in Hillsborough, North Carolina.
Thomas Hobbes (5 April 1588 – 4 December 1679), in some older texts Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury, was an English philosopher who is considered one of the founders of modern political philosophy.
Thomas Humphrey Cushing (November, 1755 – October 19, 1822) was an officer in the Continental Army, and later the United States Army, and finally became a collector of customs for the port of New London, Connecticut.
Thomas Jefferson (April 13, [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809.
Thomas Pinckney (October 23, 1750 – November 2, 1828) was an early American statesman, diplomat, and soldier in both the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812, achieving the rank of major general.
For other uses, see Diaphragm (disambiguation). The thoracic diaphragm, or simply the diaphragm (partition), is a sheet of internal skeletal muscle in humans and other mammals that extends across the bottom of the thoracic cavity.
Timothy Pickering (July 17, 1745January 29, 1829) was a politician from Massachusetts who served in a variety of roles, most notably as the third United States Secretary of State under Presidents George Washington and John Adams.
The Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Broadway Theatre, more commonly known as the Tony Award, recognizes excellence in live Broadway theatre.
The Tony Awards are yearly awards that recognize achievement in live Broadway theatre.
François-Dominique Toussaint Louverture (9 May 1743 – 7 April 1803), also known as Toussaint L'Ouverture or Toussaint Bréda, was the best-known leader of the Haitian Revolution.
The Treasury Building in Washington, D.C., is a National Historic Landmark building which is the headquarters of the United States Department of the Treasury.
The Treaty of Paris, signed in Paris by representatives of King George III of Great Britain and representatives of the United States of America on September 3, 1783, ended the American Revolutionary War.
Trinity Church is a historic parish church in the Episcopal Diocese of New York located near the intersection of Wall Street and Broadway in the lower Manhattan section of New York City, New York.
Trinity Church Cemetery consists of three separate burial grounds associated with Trinity Church in New York City.
Turn: Washington's Spies (formerly known as Turn and stylized as TURN: Washington's Spies and TURИ: Washington's Spies) is an American period drama television series based on Alexander Rose's book Washington's Spies: The Story of America's First Spy Ring (2007), a history of the Culper Ring.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Assistant Secretary of War was the second-ranking official within the American Department of War from 1861 to 1867, from 1882 to 1883, and from 1890 to 1940.
The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the country's seven uniformed services.
The United States Coast Guard Academy (USCGA) is the service academy of the United States Coast Guard, founded in 1876 and located in New London, Connecticut.
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.
The Department of the Treasury (USDT) is an executive department and the treasury of the United States federal government.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
The United States Mint is the agency that produces circulating coinage for the United States to conduct its trade and commerce, as well as controlling the movement of bullion.
The United States presidential election of 1796 was the third quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1800 was the fourth United States presidential election.
The United States Revenue Cutter Service was established by an act of Congress on 4 August 1790 as the Revenue-Marine upon the recommendation of Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton to serve as an armed customs enforcement service.
The Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the U.S. Department of the Treasury which is concerned with financial and monetary matters, and, until 2003, also included several federal law enforcement agencies.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
The 1791 United States Senate election in New York was held on January 19, 1791 by the New York State Legislature to elect a U.S. Senator (Class 1) to represent the State of New York in the United States Senate.
The United States ten-dollar bill ($10) is a denomination of U.S. currency.
The United States twenty-dollar bill ($20) is a denomination of U.S. currency.
Valley Forge functioned as the third of eight military encampments for the Continental Army’s main body, commanded by General George Washington.
Vermont is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Vermont Republic is a term used by historians to refer to the government of Vermont that existed from 1777 to 1791.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
The War of the First Coalition (Guerre de la Première Coalition) is the traditional name of the wars that several European powers fought between 1792 and 1797 against the French First Republic.
General George Washington's headquarters staff during the American Revolutionary War consisted of one military secretary and a small number of ''aides-de-camp''.
Washington: A Life is a 2010 biography of George Washington, the first President of the United States, written by American historian and biographer Ron Chernow.
Weehawken is a township in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States.
Western Pennsylvania refers to the western third of the state of Pennsylvania in the United States.
The Whiskey Rebellion (also known as the Whiskey Insurrection) was a tax protest in the United States beginning in 1791 during the presidency of George Washington.
Whisky or whiskey is a type of distilled alcoholic beverage made from fermented grain mash.
William Alexander, also known as Lord Stirling (1726 – 15 January 1783), was a Scottish-American Major General during the American Revolutionary War.
The William and Mary Quarterly is a quarterly history journal published by the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture.
William Bayard Jr. (1761 – September 18, 1826) was a prominent New York City banker and a member of the Society of the New York Hospital.
William Branch Giles (August 12, 1762December 4, 1830; the g is pronounced like a j) was an American statesman, long-term Senator from Virginia, and the 24th Governor of Virginia.
William Cobbett (9 March 1763 – 18 June 1835) was an English pamphleteer, farmer, journalist and member of parliament, who was born in Farnham, Surrey.
William Coleman (February 14, 1766 – July 13, 1829) was the first editor of The New York Evening Post (today known as the New York Post), chosen by founder Alexander Hamilton.
William Duer (March 18, 1743 – May 7, 1799) was a British-born American lawyer, developer, and speculator from New York City.
William Jackson (March 9, 1759 – December 17, 1828) was a figure in the American Revolution, most noteworthy as the secretary to the United States Constitutional Convention.
William Livingston (November 30, 1723July 25, 1790) was an American politician who served as the Governor of New Jersey (1776–1790) during the American Revolutionary War and was a signer of the United States Constitution.
William Loughton Smith (1758 – December 19, 1812) was an American lawyer, politician, and diplomat from Charleston, South Carolina.
William Maclay (July 20, 1737April 16, 1804) was a politician from Pennsylvania during the eighteenth century.
William Peter Van Ness (February 13, 1778 – September 6, 1826) was a United States federal judge who is best known today for serving as Aaron Burr's second in Burr's duel with Alexander Hamilton.
William Paterson (December 24, 1745 – September 9, 1806) was a New Jersey statesman and a signer of the United States Constitution.
William Stephen Hamilton (August 4, 1797 – October 9, 1850), a son of Alexander Hamilton and Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton, was an American politician and miner who lived much of his life in the U.S. state of Illinois and territorial Wisconsin.
Yellow fever is a viral disease of typically short duration.
Yorktown is a census-designated place (CDP) in York County, Virginia, United States.