278 relations: Acts of the Apostles, Aldworth, Alexandra of Denmark, Alfred (village), New York, Alfred Jewel, Alfred State College, Alfred University, Ancient Rome, Anglican Communion, Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Anglo-Saxon law, Anglo-Saxons, Appledore, Kent, Archbishop of Canterbury, Asser, Athelney, Augustine of Hippo, Ælfflæd (wife of Edward the Elder), Ælfthryth, Countess of Flanders, Æthelbald, King of Wessex, Æthelberht of Kent, Æthelberht, King of Wessex, Æthelflæd, Æthelgifu, abbess of Shaftesbury, Æthelhelm, Æthelred Mucel, Æthelred of Wessex, Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians, Æthelstan of Kent, Æthelswith, Æthelweard (son of Alfred), Æthelwold ætheling, Æthelwulf, Baldwin II, Margrave of Flanders, Baltic Sea, Baptism, Battle of Ashdown, Battle of Basing, Battle of Edington, Battle of Englefield, Battle of Marton, Battle of Reading (871), BBC, Bede, Bedford, Berkshire, Bishop of Worcester, Bishop Stopford's School, Blockade, Boethius, ..., Book of Exodus, Borough, Bretwalda, Bridgnorth, Buckinghamshire, Burghal Hidage, Burh, Butler, Buttington, Canterbury Cathedral, Carolingian Renaissance, Cædwalla of Wessex, Ceolwulf II of Mercia, Charlemagne, Charles the Bald, Chester, Chippenham, Chrisom, Christianity, Christmas Eve, Church of England parish church, Circa, Cleveland, Cnut the Great, Code of law, Commonplace book, Compton, Berkshire, Confirmation, Conscription, Consul, Coronation, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, Count of Flanders, Crohn's disease, Croydon, Cultural depictions of Alfred the Great, Cuyahoga County Courthouse, Danelaw, Danes (Germanic tribe), Defensive wall, Devon, Doom book, Dorset, Eadgifu of Kent, Eadgyth, Eadred, Ealdorman, Ealhmund of Kent, Ealhswith, East Anglia, Eastern Orthodox Church, Ecclesiastical History of the English People, Ecgberht, King of Wessex, Ecgwynn, Edward the Elder, Edward VII, Elias III of Jerusalem, England, Episcopal polity, Epithet, Essex, Exeter, Farnham, Filigree, Franks, Fyrd, Gaini, Geoffrey of Monmouth, George V, Germanic peoples, Gravesend, Great Britain, Great Heathen Army, Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem, Grimbald, Guthrum, Hadleigh, Suffolk, Halfdan Ragnarsson, Hamo Thornycroft, Hampshire, Hastein, Hedeby, Hellenistic-era warships, Hemorrhoid, Henry VI of England, Henry VIII of England, Herepath, High-reeve, HMS King Alfred, Hoard, House of Wessex, Hyde Abbey, Ine of Wessex, Isle of Wight, Ivar the Boneless, Iver, Janet Nelson, Judgment of Solomon, Jutes, Jutland, Kent, King Alfred Chair of English Literature, King Alfred's Academy, King's College, Taunton, Kingdom of East Anglia, Kingdom of Northumbria, Latin, Law, Lesser Festival (Anglicanism), List of English monarchs, List of Frankish kings, List of monarchs of Wessex, Luton, Magdeburg Cathedral, Magnate, Mancus, Marketplace, Mercia, Michael Lapidge, Middle Ages, Middlesex, Military, Militia, Milton-next-Gravesend, Modwenna, New Minster, Winchester, New Year's Eve, Nicholas Brooks, North Devon, North Petherton, North Wales, North Wessex Downs, Northern England, Offa of Mercia, Old English, Old Minster, Winchester, Orosius, Osburh, Osferth, Oxfordshire, Palisade, Pastoral Care, Patrick Wormald, Pewsey, Pope, Pope Eugene IV, Pope Gregory I, Pope Leo IV, Pope Marinus I, Prince Victor of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, Prussia, Psalter, Quadripartitus, Quatford, Queen Victoria, Radiocarbon dating, Reformation, Revetment, Richard III of England, River Colne, Hertfordshire, River Great Ouse, River Lea, River Stour, Suffolk, River Thames, River Wye, Rochester, Kent, Royal Navy, Saint, Saints in Anglicanism, Selsey Bill, Selwood, Somerset, Shaftesbury, Shaftesbury Abbey, Shield wall, Shire, Shoeburyness, Siege, Simon Keynes, Somerset, Somerset Levels, South Benfleet, South East England, South Wales, Southampton Water, Stained glass, Stone frigate, Surrey, Swedes (Germanic tribe), Synod, Tanistry, Ten Commandments, Thames Valley, The Consolation of Philosophy, The Guardian, The Old English Boethius, The Owl and the Nightingale, The Proverbs of Alfred, Thegn, Thor, Treaty of Alfred and Guthrum, Treaty of Wedmore, True Cross, Truso, United States Navy, University of Bristol, University of Liverpool, University of Winchester, USS Alfred (1774), Victorian era, Vikings, Vulgate, Wantage, Wareham, Dorset, Waterloo Bridge, Watling Street, Wedmore, Welsh people, Welshpool, Werferth, Westbury, Wiltshire, Whitsun, Wilton, Wiltshire, Wiltshire, Winchester, Witenagemot, Wulfstan of Hedeby, 100 Greatest Britons, 9th century in England. Expand index (228 more) » « Shrink index
Acts of the Apostles (Πράξεις τῶν Ἀποστόλων, Práxeis tôn Apostólōn; Actūs Apostolōrum), often referred to simply as Acts, is the fifth book of the New Testament; it tells of the founding of the Christian church and the spread of its message to the Roman Empire.
Aldworth is a mostly cultivated village and civil parish in the English county of Berkshire, close to the boundary with Oxfordshire, in a rural area between Reading, Newbury and Streatley.
Alexandra of Denmark (Alexandra Caroline Marie Charlotte Louise Julia; 1 December 1844 – 20 November 1925) was Queen consort of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Empress of India as the wife of King Edward VII.
Alfred is a village located in the town of Alfred in Allegany County, New York, United States.
The Alfred Jewel is a piece of Anglo-Saxon goldsmithing work made of enamel and quartz enclosed in gold.
Alfred State, the State University of New York (SUNY) College of Technology located in Alfred, Allegany County, New York, is a public college and one of the eight Colleges of Technology within the SUNY system.
Alfred University is a small, comprehensive university in the Village of Alfred, Allegany County in Western New York, United States, south of Rochester and southeast of Buffalo.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
The Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion with 85 million members, founded in 1867 in London, England.
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is a collection of annals in Old English chronicling the history of the Anglo-Saxons.
Anglo-Saxon law (Old English ǣ, later lagu "law"; dōm "decree, judgment") is a body of written rules and customs that were in place during the Anglo-Saxon period in England, before the Norman conquest.
The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.
Appledore is a village and civil parish in the Ashford District of Kent, England.
The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury.
Asser (died c. 909) was a Welsh monk from St David's, Dyfed, who became Bishop of Sherborne in the 890s.
Athelney is located between the villages of Burrowbridge and East Lyng in the Sedgemoor district of Somerset, England.
Saint Augustine of Hippo (13 November 354 – 28 August 430) was a Roman African, early Christian theologian and philosopher from Numidia whose writings influenced the development of Western Christianity and Western philosophy.
Ælfflæd (fl. early 10th century) was the second wife of Edward the Elder, king of the Anglo-Saxons from 899 to 924.
Ælfthryth of Wessex (877 – 7 June 929), also known as Elftrudis (Elftrude, Elfrida), was an English princess and a countess consort of Flanders.
Æthelbald, King of Wessex (Æþelbald meaning "Noble and Bold") was the second of the five sons of King Æthelwulf of Wessex and Osburh.
Æthelberht (also Æthelbert, Aethelberht, Aethelbert or Ethelbert, Old English Æðelberht,; 550 – 24 February 616) was King of Kent from about 589 until his death.
Æthelberht (or Ethelbert; Æþelberht, meaning "magnificent noble") was the King of Kent from 858 and of Wessex from 860 until his death in 865.
Æthelflæd, Lady of the Mercians (870 – 12 June 918), ruled Mercia in the English Midlands from 911 until her death.
Æthelgifu, was the daughter of King Alfred the Great, an Anglo-Saxon king of the 9th century.
Æthelhelm or Æþelhelm (fl. 880s) was the elder of two known sons of Æthelred I, King of Wessex from 865 to 871.
Æthelred Mucel was an Anglo-Saxon noble from Mercia, who was the father of Ealhswith the wife of Alfred the Great.
Æthelred I (Old English: Æþelræd, sometimes rendered as Ethelred, "noble counsel"; – 871) was King of Wessex from 865 to 871.
Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians (or Ealdorman Æthelred of Mercia; died 911) became ruler of English Mercia shortly after the death of its last king, Ceolwulf II in 879.
Æthelstan (died c. 852), the eldest son of King Æthelwulf of Wessex, was the King of Kent from 839 under the authority of his father.
Æthelswith (c. 838–888) was the only known daughter of King Æthelwulf of Wessex.
Æthelweard (d. 920 or 922) was the younger son of King Alfred the Great and Ealhswith.
Æthelwold or Æthelwald (died 902 or 903) was the younger of two known sons of Æthelred I, King of Wessex from 865 to 871.
Æthelwulf (Old English for "Noble Wolf"; died 13 January 858) was King of Wessex from 839 to 858.
Baldwin II (865 – 10 September 918) was the second margrave (or count) of Flanders, ruling from 879 to 918.
The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Poland, Germany and the North and Central European Plain.
Baptism (from the Greek noun βάπτισμα baptisma; see below) is a Christian sacrament of admission and adoption, almost invariably with the use of water, into Christianity.
The Battle of Ashdown, in Berkshire (possibly the part now in Oxfordshire), took place on 8 January 871.
The Battle of Basing was a battle on 22 January 871 at Old Basing in what is now the English county of Hampshire.
At the Battle of Edington, an army of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Wessex under Alfred the Great defeated the Great Heathen Army led by Guthrum on a date between 6 and 12 May AD 878, resulting in the Treaty of Wedmore later the same year.
The Battle of Englefield was a battle on 31 December 870 at Englefield, near Reading in what is now the English county of Berkshire.
The Battle of Marton or Meretum took place on approximately 22 March 871 at a place recorded as Marton, perhaps in Wiltshire or Dorset.
The first Battle of Reading was a battle on 4 January 871 at Reading in what is now the English county of Berkshire.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Bede (italic; 672/3 – 26 May 735), also known as Saint Bede, Venerable Bede, and Bede the Venerable (Bēda Venerābilis), was an English Benedictine monk at the monastery of St.
Bedford is the county town of Bedfordshire, England.
Berkshire (abbreviated Berks, in the 17th century sometimes spelled Barkeshire as it is pronounced) is a county in south east England, west of London and is one of the home counties.
The Bishop of Worcester is the head of the Church of England Diocese of Worcester in the Province of Canterbury, England.
Bishop Stopford's School, commonly known as Bishop Stopford's, or (locally) just Bishop's, is a voluntary aided co-educational secondary school specialising in mathematics, computing and engineering, with a sixth form.
A blockade is an effort to cut off supplies, war material or communications from a particular area by force, either in part or totally.
Anicius Manlius Severinus Boëthius, commonly called Boethius (also Boetius; 477–524 AD), was a Roman senator, consul, magister officiorum, and philosopher of the early 6th century.
The Book of Exodus or, simply, Exodus (from ἔξοδος, éxodos, meaning "going out"; וְאֵלֶּה שְׁמוֹת, we'elleh shəmōṯ, "These are the names", the beginning words of the text: "These are the names of the sons of Israel" וְאֵלֶּה שְׁמֹות בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל), is the second book of the Torah and the Hebrew Bible (the Old Testament) immediately following Genesis.
A borough is an administrative division in various English-speaking countries.
Bretwalda (also brytenwalda and bretenanwealda, sometimes capitalised) is an Old English word.
Bridgnorth is a town in Shropshire, England.
Buckinghamshire, abbreviated Bucks, is a county in South East England which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east.
The Burghal Hidage is an Anglo-Saxon document providing a list of over thirty fortified places (burhs), the majority being in the ancient Kingdom of Wessex, and the taxes (recorded as numbers of hides) assigned for their maintenance.
A burh or burg was an Old English fortification or fortified settlement.
A butler is a domestic worker in a large household.
Buttington (Tal-y-bont) is a village in Powys, Wales, less than 3 km from Welshpool and about 300 m from the River Severn.
Canterbury Cathedral in Canterbury, Kent, is one of the oldest and most famous Christian structures in England.
The Carolingian Renaissance was the first of three medieval renaissances, a period of cultural activity in the Carolingian Empire.
Cædwalla (c. 659 – 20 April 689) was the King of Wessex from approximately 685 until he abdicated in 688.
Ceolwulf II (died c. 879) was the last king of independent Mercia.
Charlemagne or Charles the Great (Karl der Große, Carlo Magno; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800.
Charles the Bald (13 June 823 – 6 October 877) was the King of West Francia (843–877), King of Italy (875–877) and Holy Roman Emperor (875–877, as Charles II).
Chester (Caer) is a walled city in Cheshire, England, on the River Dee, close to the border with Wales.
Chippenham is a large historic market town in northwest Wiltshire, England.
Anciently, a chrisom, or "chrisom-cloth," was the face-cloth, or piece of linen laid over a child's head when he or she was baptised or christened.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
A parish church in the Church of England is the church which acts as the religious centre for the people within the smallest and most basic Church of England administrative region, the parish – since the 19th century called the ecclesiastical parish (outside meetings of the church) to avoid confusion with the civil parish which many towns and villages have.
Circa, usually abbreviated c., ca. or ca (also circ. or cca.), means "approximately" in several European languages (and as a loanword in English), usually in reference to a date.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County.
Cnut the GreatBolton, The Empire of Cnut the Great: Conquest and the Consolidation of Power in Northern Europe in the Early Eleventh Century (Leiden, 2009) (Cnut se Micela, Knútr inn ríki. Retrieved 21 January 2016. – 12 November 1035), also known as Canute—whose father was Sweyn Forkbeard (which gave him the patronym Sweynsson, Sveinsson)—was King of Denmark, England and Norway; together often referred to as the North Sea Empire.
A code of law, also called a law code or legal code, is a type of legislation that purports to exhaustively cover a complete system of laws or a particular area of law as it existed at the time the code was enacted, by a process of codification.
Commonplace books (or commonplaces) are a way to compile knowledge, usually by writing information into books.
Compton is a village and civil parish in the River Pang valley in the Berkshire Downs about south of Didcot which is buffered from neighbouring settlements by cultivated fields to all sides.
In Christianity, confirmation is seen as the sealing of Christianity created in baptism.
Conscription, sometimes called the draft, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.
Consul (abbrev. cos.; Latin plural consules) was the title of one of the chief magistrates of the Roman Republic, and subsequently a somewhat significant title under the Roman Empire.
A coronation is the act of placement or bestowal of a crown upon a monarch's head.
Corpus Christi College (full name: "The College of Corpus Christi and the Blessed Virgin Mary", often shortened to "Corpus", or previously "The Body") is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge.
The Count of Flanders was the ruler or sub-ruler of the county of Flanders, beginning in the 9th century.
Crohn's disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus.
Croydon is a large town in south London, England, south of Charing Cross.
Alfred the Great, the 9th-century English monarch, has been depicted several times on screen and in literature.
The Cuyahoga County Courthouse stretches along Lakeside Boulevard at the north end of the Cleveland Mall in downtown Cleveland, Ohio.
The Danelaw (also known as the Danelagh; Dena lagu; Danelagen), as recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, is a historical name given to the part of England in which the laws of the Danes held sway and dominated those of the Anglo-Saxons.
The Danes were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting southern Scandinavia, including the area now comprising Denmark proper, during the Nordic Iron Age and the Viking Age.
A defensive wall is a fortification usually used to protect a city, town or other settlement from potential aggressors.
Devon, also known as Devonshire, which was formerly its common and official name, is a county of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south.
The Doom Book, Code of Alfred or Legal Code of Ælfred the Great was the code of laws ("dooms" being laws or judgments) compiled by Alfred the Great (893 AD).
Dorset (archaically: Dorsetshire) is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast.
Eadgifu of Kent (also Edgiva or Ediva) (in or before 903 – in or after 966) was the third wife of Edward the Elder, King of the Anglo-Saxons.
Edith of England, also spelt Eadgyth or Ædgyth (Ēadgȳð, Edgitha; 910 – 26 January 946), a member of the House of Wessex, was German queen from 936 until her death, by her marriage with King Otto I.
Eadred (also Edred) (923 – 23 November 955) was King of the English from 946 until his death.
An ealdorman (from Old English ealdorman, lit. "elder man"; plural: "ealdormen") was a high-ranking royal official and prior magistrate of an Anglo-Saxon shire or group of shires from about the ninth century to the time of King Cnut.
Ealhmund was King of Kent in 784.
Ealhswith or Ealswitha (died 5 December 902) was the wife of King Alfred the Great.
East Anglia is a geographical area in the East of England.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
The Ecclesiastical History of the English People (Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum), written by the Venerable Bede in about AD 731, is a history of the Christian Churches in England, and of England generally; its main focus is on the conflict between the pre-Schism Roman Rite and Celtic Christianity.
Ecgberht (771/775 – 839), also spelled Egbert, Ecgbert, or Ecgbriht, was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839.
Ecgwynn or Ecgwynna (fl. 890s), was the first consort of Edward the Elder, later King of the English (r. 899–924), by whom she bore the future King Æthelstan (r. 924–939), and a daughter who married Sihtric Cáech, Norse king of Dublin, Ireland and Northumbria.
Edward the Elder (c. 874 – 17 July 924) was King of the Anglo-Saxons from 899 until his death.
Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910.
Elias III was the Patriarch of Jerusalem from about 879 to 907.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
An episcopal polity is a hierarchical form of church governance ("ecclesiastical polity") in which the chief local authorities are called bishops.
An epithet (from ἐπίθετον epitheton, neuter of ἐπίθετος epithetos, "attributed, added") is a byname, or a descriptive term (word or phrase), accompanying or occurring in place of a name and having entered common usage.
Essex is a county in the East of England.
Exeter is a cathedral city in Devon, England, with a population of 129,800 (mid-2016 EST).
Farnham is a town in Surrey, England, within the Borough of Waverley.
Filigree (also less commonly spelled filagree, and formerly written filigrann or filigrene) is a delicate kind of jewellery metalwork, usually of gold and silver, made with tiny beads or twisted threads, or both in combination, soldered together or to the surface of an object of the same metal and arranged in artistic motifs.
The Franks (Franci or gens Francorum) were a collection of Germanic peoples, whose name was first mentioned in 3rd century Roman sources, associated with tribes on the Lower and Middle Rhine in the 3rd century AD, on the edge of the Roman Empire.
A fyrd was a type of early Anglo-Saxon army that was mobilised from freemen to defend their shire, or from selected representatives to join a royal expedition.
The Gaini were an Anglo-Saxon tribe which occupied part of the kingdom of Mercia.
Geoffrey of Monmouth (Galfridus Monemutensis, Galfridus Arturus, Gruffudd ap Arthur, Sieffre o Fynwy; c. 1095 – c. 1155) was a British cleric and one of the major figures in the development of British historiography and the popularity of tales of King Arthur.
George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.
The Germanic peoples (also called Teutonic, Suebian, or Gothic in older literature) are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group of Northern European origin.
Gravesend is an ancient town in northwest Kent, England, situated 21 miles (35 km) east-southeast of Charing Cross (central London) on the south bank of the Thames Estuary and opposite Tilbury in Essex.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.
The Great Viking Army, known by the Anglo-Saxons as the Great Heathen Army (OE: mycel hæþen here), was a coalition of Norse warriors, originating from primarily Denmark, Sweden and Norway, who came together under a unified command to invade the four Anglo-Saxon kingdoms that constituted England in AD 865.
The Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem or Eastern Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem, officially Patriarch of Jerusalem, is the head bishop of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem, ranking fourth of nine Patriarchs in the Eastern Orthodox Church.
Saint Grimbald (or Grimwald) (820 – 8 July 901) was a 9th-century Benedictine monk at the Abbey of Saint Bertin near Saint-Omer, France.
Guthrum or Guðrum (died c. 890), christened Æthelstan on his conversion to Christianity in 878, was King of the Danish Vikings in the Danelaw.
Hadleigh (pronounced) is an ancient market town and civil parish in South Suffolk, East Anglia, situated, next to the River Brett, between the larger towns of Sudbury and Ipswich.
Halfdan Ragnarsson (Hálfdan; Halfdene or Healfdene; Albann; died 877) was a Viking leader and a commander of the Great Heathen Army which invaded the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England, starting in 865.
Sir William Hamo Thornycroft (9 March 1850 – 18 December 1925) was an English sculptor, responsible for some of London’s best-known statues.
Hampshire (abbreviated Hants) is a county on the southern coast of England in the United Kingdom.
Hastein (Icelandic: Hásteinn) (also recorded as Anstign, Haesten, Hæsten, Hæstenn or Hæsting and alias AlstingJones, Aled (2003). Transactions of the Royal Historical Society: Sixth Series Cambridge University Press p24) was a notable Viking chieftain of the late 9th century who made several raiding voyages.
Hedeby (Old Norse Heiðabýr, German Haithabu) was an important Viking Age (8th to the 11th centuries) trading settlement near the southern end of the Jutland Peninsula, now in the Schleswig-Flensburg district of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
From the 4th century BC on, new types of oared warships appeared in the Mediterranean Sea, superseding the trireme and transforming naval warfare.
Hemorrhoids, also called piles, are vascular structures in the anal canal.
Henry VI (6 December 1421 – 21 May 1471) was King of England from 1422 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471, and disputed King of France from 1422 to 1453.
Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 1509 until his death.
A herepath or herewag is a military road (literally, an army path) in England, typically dating from the ninth century CE.
High-reeve (hēahgerēfa) was a title taken by some English magnates during the 10th and 11th centuries, and is particularly associated with the rulers of Bamburgh.
One ship and two shore establishments of the Royal Navy have borne the name HMS King Alfred, after Alfred the Great: Ships.
A hoard or "wealth deposit" is an archaeological term for a collection of valuable objects or artifacts, sometimes purposely buried in the ground, in which case it is sometimes also known as a cache.
The House of Wessex, also known as the House of Cerdic (Cerdicingas in Old English), refers to the family that initially ruled a kingdom in southwest England known as Wessex, from the 6th century under Cerdic of Wessex until the unification of the Kingdoms of England by Alfred the Great and his successors.
Hyde Abbey was a medieval Benedictine monastery just outside the walls of Winchester, Hampshire, England.
Ine was King of Wessex from 688 to 726.
The Isle of Wight (also referred to informally as The Island or abbreviated to IOW) is a county and the largest and second-most populous island in England.
Ivar the Boneless (Ívarr hinn Beinlausi; Hyngwar) (also known as Ivar Ragnarsson) was a Viking leader and a commander who invaded what is now England.
Iver is a large civil parish in the South Bucks district of Buckinghamshire, England.
Dame Janet Laughland Nelson, DBE, FBA (born 28 March 1942) is a British historian.
The Judgment of Solomon is a story from the Hebrew Bible in which King Solomon of Israel ruled between two women both claiming to be the mother of a child.
The Jutes, Iuti, or Iutæ were a Germanic people.
Jutland (Jylland; Jütland), also known as the Cimbric or Cimbrian Peninsula (Cimbricus Chersonesus; Den Kimbriske Halvø; Kimbrische Halbinsel), is a peninsula of Northern Europe that forms the continental portion of Denmark and part of northern Germany.
Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.
The King Alfred Chair of English Literature was founded at the University of Liverpool, England in 1881.
King Alfred's Academy is a Secondary school in Wantage, Oxfordshire, recognised as an Academy.
King's College is an independent coeducational secondary day and boarding school in Taunton, Somerset, England.
The Kingdom of the East Angles (Ēast Engla Rīce; Regnum Orientalium Anglorum), today known as the Kingdom of East Anglia, was a small independent kingdom of the Angles comprising what are now the English counties of Norfolk and Suffolk and perhaps the eastern part of the Fens.
The Kingdom of Northumbria (Norþanhymbra rīce) was a medieval Anglian kingdom in what is now northern England and south-east Scotland.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.
Lesser Festivals are a type of observance in the Anglican Communion, including the Church of England, considered to be less significant than a Principal Feast, Principal Holy Day, or Festival, but more significant than a Commemoration.
This list of kings and queens of the Kingdom of England begins with Alfred the Great, King of Wessex, one of the petty kingdoms to rule a portion of modern England.
The Franks were originally led by dukes (military leaders) and reguli (petty kings).
This is a list of monarchs of Wessex until 927.
Luton is a large town in Bedfordshire, England, Luton east of Aylesbury, west of Stevenage, northwest of London, and southeast of Milton Keynes.
Magdeburg Cathedral (Magdeburger Dom), officially called the Cathedral of Saints Catherine and Maurice (Dom zu Magdeburg St.), is a Protestant cathedral in Germany and the oldest Gothic cathedral in the country.
Magnate, from the Late Latin magnas, a great man, itself from Latin magnus, 'great', designates a noble or other man in a high social position, by birth, wealth or other qualities.
Mancus (sometimes spelt mancosus or similar) was a term used in early medieval Europe to denote either a gold coin, a weight of gold of 4.25g (equivalent to the Islamic dinar, and thus lighter than the Byzantine solidus), or a unit of account of thirty silver pence.
A market, or marketplace, is a location where people regularly gather for the purchase and sale of provisions, livestock, and other goods.
Mercia (Miercna rīce) was one of the kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy.
Michael Lapidge, FBA (born 8 February 1942) is a scholar in the field of Medieval Latin literature, particularly that composed in Anglo-Saxon England during the period 600–1100 AD; he is an emeritus Fellow of Clare College, Cambridge and Fellow of the British Academy, and winner of the 2009 Sir Israel Gollancz Prize.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Middlesex (abbreviation: Middx) is an historic county in south-east England.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
A militia is generally an army or some other fighting organization of non-professional soldiers, citizens of a nation, or subjects of a state, who can be called upon for military service during a time of need, as opposed to a professional force of regular, full-time military personnel, or historically, members of a warrior nobility class (e.g., knights or samurai).
Milton-next-Gravesend is an ecclesiastical parish in the north-west of Kent, England.
Modwenna, or Modwen, was a nun and saint in England, who founded Burton Abbey in Staffordshire in the 7th century.
The New Minster in Winchester was a royal Benedictine abbey founded in 901 in Winchester in the English county of Hampshire.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Nicholas Peter Brooks, FBA (14 January 1941 – 2 February 2014) was an English medieval historian.
North Devon is a local government district in Devon, England.
North Petherton is a small town and civil parish in Somerset, England, situated on the edge of the eastern foothills of the Quantocks, and close to the edge of the Somerset Levels.
North Wales (Gogledd Cymru) is an unofficial region of Wales.
The North Wessex Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) (also known as the Chalkenwolds) is located in the English counties of West Berkshire, Hampshire, Oxfordshire and Wiltshire.
Northern England, also known simply as the North, is the northern part of England, considered as a single cultural area.
Offa was King of Mercia, a kingdom of Anglo-Saxon England, from 757 until his death in July 796.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
The Old Minster was the Anglo-Saxon cathedral for the diocese of Wessex and then Winchester from 660 to 1093.
Paulus Orosius (born 375, died after 418 AD) — less often Paul Orosius in English — was a Gallaecian Chalcedonian priest, historian and theologian, a student of Augustine of Hippo.
Osburh or Osburga was the first wife of King Æthelwulf of Wessex and mother of Alfred the Great.
Osferth or Osferd or Osfrith (fl. c.885 to c.934) was described by Alfred the Great in his will as a "kinsman".
Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from Oxonium, the Latin name for Oxford) is a county in South East England.
A palisade—sometimes called a stakewall or a paling—is typically a fence or wall made from wooden stakes or tree trunks and used as a defensive structure or enclosure.
Liber Regulae Pastoralis or Regula Pastoralis (The Book of the Pastoral Rule, commonly known in English as Pastoral Care, a translation of the alternative Latin title Cura Pastoralis) is a treatise on the responsibilities of the clergy written by Pope Gregory I around the year 590, shortly after his papal inauguration.
Charles Patrick Wormald (9 July 1947 – 29 September 2004) was a British historian born in Neston, Cheshire, son of historian Brian Wormald.
Pewsey is a large village and civil parish at the centre of the Vale of Pewsey in Wiltshire, about south of Marlborough and west of London.
The pope (papa from πάππας pappas, a child's word for "father"), also known as the supreme pontiff (from Latin pontifex maximus "greatest priest"), is the Bishop of Rome and therefore ex officio the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.
Pope Eugene IV (Eugenius IV; 1383 – 23 February 1447), born Gabriele Condulmer, was Pope from 3 March 1431 to his death in 1447.
Pope Saint Gregory I (Gregorius I; – 12 March 604), commonly known as Saint Gregory the Great, Gregory had come to be known as 'the Great' by the late ninth century, a title which is still applied to him.
Pope Saint Leo IV (790 – 17 July 855) was pope from 10 April 847 to his death in 855.
Pope Marinus I (also Martin II; died 15 May 884) was Pope from 16 December 882 until his death in 884.
Admiral Victor Ferdinand Franz Eugen Gustaf Adolf Constantin Friedrich of Hohenlohe-Langenburg GCB (11 December 1833 – 31 December 1891), also known as Count Gleichen, was an officer in the Royal Navy, and a sculptor.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
A psalter is a volume containing the Book of Psalms, often with other devotional material bound in as well, such as a liturgical calendar and litany of the Saints.
The title Quadripartitus refers to an extensive legal collection compiled during the reign of Henry I, king of England (1100–1135).
Quatford is a village in the Severn Valley, Shropshire, England.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
Radiocarbon dating (also referred to as carbon dating or carbon-14 dating) is a method for determining the age of an object containing organic material by using the properties of radiocarbon, a radioactive isotope of carbon.
The Reformation (or, more fully, the Protestant Reformation; also, the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers in 16th century Europe.
In stream restoration, river engineering or coastal engineering, revetments are sloping structures placed on banks or cliffs in such a way as to absorb the energy of incoming water.
Richard III (2 October 1452 – 22 August 1485) was King of England from 1483 until his death at the Battle of Bosworth Field.
The Colne is a river in England which is a tributary of the River Thames.
The River Great Ouse is a river in the United Kingdom, the longest of several British rivers called "Ouse".
The River Lea in England originates in Leagrave, Luton in the Chiltern Hills and flows generally southeast, east, and then south through east London where it meets the River Thames, the last looping section being known as Bow Creek.
The River Stour is a river in East Anglia, England.
The River Thames is a river that flows through southern England, most notably through London.
The River Wye (Afon Gwy) is the fifth-longest river in the UK, stretching some from its source on Plynlimon in mid Wales to the Severn estuary.
Rochester is a town and was a historic city in the unitary authority of Medway in Kent, England.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
A saint (also historically known as a hallow) is a person who is recognized as having an exceptional degree of holiness or likeness or closeness to God.
The term "saint" is a context-specific translation of the Latin "sanctus", meaning sacred, and originally referred to a sacred (extremely holy) person—however, since the 10th century, the Church has reserved the status of saint to people its official canon law (including calendar) has recognised for outstanding Christian service and conduct.
Selsey Bill is a headland into the English Channel on the south coast of England in the county of West Sussex.
Selwood used to be a village but is now part of the suburbs of Frome.
Shaftesbury is a town and civil parish in Dorset, England.
Shaftesbury Abbey was an abbey that housed nuns in Shaftesbury, Dorset.
The formation of a shield wall (Scildweall or Bordweall in Old English, Skjaldborg in Old Norse) is a military tactic that was common in many cultures in the Pre-Early Modern warfare age.
A shire is a traditional term for a division of land, found in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and some other English speaking countries.
Shoeburyness (also called Shoebury) is a town in southeast Essex, England, at the mouth of the Thames Estuary.
A siege is a military blockade of a city, or fortress, with the intent of conquering by attrition, or a well-prepared assault.
Simon Douglas Keynes, (born 23 September 1952) is the current Elrington and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon in the Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse, and Celtic at Cambridge University, and a Fellow of Trinity College.
Somerset (or archaically, Somersetshire) is a county in South West England which borders Gloucestershire and Bristol to the north, Wiltshire to the east, Dorset to the south-east and Devon to the south-west.
The Somerset Levels are a coastal plain and wetland area of Somerset, South West England, running south from the Mendips to the Blackdown Hills.
South Benfleet is a town in the Castle Point district of Essex, 30 miles east of London.
South East England is the most populous of the nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.
South Wales (De Cymru) is the region of Wales bordered by England and the Bristol Channel to the east and south, and Mid Wales and West Wales to the north and west.
Southampton Water is a tidal estuary north of the Solent and the Isle of Wight in England.
The term stained glass can refer to coloured glass as a material or to works created from it.
Informally, a stone frigate is a naval establishment on land.
Surrey is a county in South East England, and one of the home counties.
The Swedes (svear; Old Norse: svíar / suar (probably from the PIE reflexive pronominal root *s(w)e, "one's own ";Bandle, Oskar. 2002. The Nordic languages: an international handbook of the history of the North Germanic languages. 2002. P.391 Old English: Sweonas) were a North Germanic tribe who inhabited Svealand ("land of the Swedes") in central Sweden and one of the progenitor groups of modern Swedes, along with Geats and Gutes. The first author who wrote about the tribe is Tacitus, who in his Germania, from 98 CE mentions the Suiones. Jordanes, in the sixth century, mentions Suehans and Suetidi. According to early sources such as the sagas, especially Heimskringla, the Swedes were a powerful tribe whose kings claimed descendence from the god Freyr. During the Viking Age they constituted the basis of the Varangian subset, the Vikings that travelled eastwards (see Rus' people).
A synod is a council of a church, usually convened to decide an issue of doctrine, administration or application.
Tanistry is a Gaelic system for passing on titles and lands.
The Ten Commandments (עֲשֶׂרֶת הַדִּבְּרוֹת, Aseret ha'Dibrot), also known as the Decalogue, are a set of biblical principles relating to ethics and worship, which play a fundamental role in Judaism and Christianity.
The Thames Valley is an informally-defined sub-region of South East England, centred on the River Thames west of London, with Oxford as a major centre.
The Consolation of Philosophy (De consolatione philosophiae) is a philosophical work by Boethius, written around the year 524.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Old English Boethius is an Old English translation/adaptation of the sixth-century Consolation of Philosophy by Boethius, dating from between c. 880 and 950.
The Owl and the Nightingale is a twelfth- or thirteenth-century Middle English poem detailing a debate between an owl and a nightingale as overheard by the poem's narrator.
The Proverbs of Alfred is a collection of early Middle English sayings ascribed to King Alfred the Great (called "England's darling"), said to have been uttered at an assembly in Seaford, East Sussex.
The term thegn (thane or thayn in Shakespearean English), from Old English þegn, ðegn, "servant, attendant, retainer", "one who serves", is commonly used to describe either an aristocratic retainer of a king or nobleman in Anglo-Saxon England, or, as a class term, the majority of the aristocracy below the ranks of ealdormen and high-reeves.
In Norse mythology, Thor (from Þórr) is the hammer-wielding god of thunder, lightning, storms, oak trees, strength, the protection of mankind, in addition to hallowing, and fertility.
The Treaty of Alfred and Guthrum is an agreement between Alfred of Wessex and Guthrum, the Viking ruler of East Anglia.
The Peace of Wedmore is a term used by historians for an event referred to by the monk Asser in his Life of Alfred, outlining how in 878 the Viking leader Guthrum was baptised and accepted Alfred as his adoptive father.
The True Cross is the name for physical remnants which, by a Christian Church tradition, are said to be from the cross upon which Jesus was crucified.
Truso, situated on Lake Drużno, was an Old Prussian (Pomesanian) town near the Baltic Sea just east of the Vistula River.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The University of Bristol (simply referred to as Bristol University and abbreviated as Bris. in post-nominal letters, or UoB) is a red brick research university located in Bristol, United Kingdom.
The University of Liverpool is a public university based in the city of Liverpool, England.
The University of Winchester is a public research university based in the city of Winchester, Hampshire, England.
Alfred was the merchant vessel Black Prince, named for Edward, the Black Prince, and launched in 1774.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.
Vikings (Old English: wicing—"pirate", Danish and vikinger; Swedish and vikingar; víkingar, from Old Norse) were Norse seafarers, mainly speaking the Old Norse language, who raided and traded from their Northern European homelands across wide areas of northern, central, eastern and western Europe, during the late 8th to late 11th centuries.
The Vulgate is a late-4th-century Latin translation of the Bible that became the Catholic Church's officially promulgated Latin version of the Bible during the 16th century.
Wantage is a historic market town and civil parish in the ceremonial county of Oxfordshire, England.
Wareham is an historic market town and, under the name Wareham Town, a civil parish, in the English county of Dorset.
Waterloo Bridge is a road and foot traffic bridge crossing the River Thames in London, between Blackfriars Bridge and Hungerford Bridge.
Watling Street is a route in England and Wales that began as an ancient trackway first used by the Britons, mainly between the areas of modern Canterbury and using a natural ford near Westminster.
Wedmore is a village and civil parish in the county of Somerset, England.
The Welsh (Cymry) are a nation and ethnic group native to, or otherwise associated with, Wales, Welsh culture, Welsh history, and the Welsh language.
Welshpool (Y Trallwng) is a town in Wales, historically in the county of Montgomeryshire, but currently administered as part of the unitary authority of Powys.
Werferth was an English bishop of Worcester.
Westbury is a town and civil parish in the west of the English county of Wiltshire, most famous for the Westbury White Horse.
Whitsun (also Whitsunday or Whit Sunday) is the name used especially in Britain and Ireland, and throughout the world among Anglicans and Methodists, for the Christian festival of Pentecost, the seventh Sunday after Easter, which commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon Christ's disciples (Acts 2).
Wilton is a town and civil parish in Wiltshire (of which it was once the county town), England, with a rich heritage dating back to the Anglo-Saxons.
Wiltshire is a county in South West England with an area of.
Winchester is a city and the county town of Hampshire, England.
The Witenaġemot (Old English witena ġemōt,, modern English "meeting of wise men"), also known as the Witan (more properly the title of its members) was a political institution in Anglo-Saxon England which operated from before the 7th century until the 11th century.
Wulfstan of Hedeby (Latin Haethum) was a late ninth century traveller and trader.
The 100 Greatest Britons was a television series broadcast by the BBC in 2002.
Events from the 9th century in England.
AELfred, AElfred the Great, AElfrid, Aelfraed, Aelfred, Aelfred the Great, Alfrad, Alfred "The Great" of Wessex, Alfred I, Alfred I of England, Alfred King of England, Alfred The Great, Alfred of England, Alfred of Wessex, Alfred the great, Alfred, King of England, Alfred, King of Wessex, Elfrad, Elfred, King AElfred, King Aelfred, King Alfred, King Alfred Syndrome, King Alfred The Great, King Alfred the Great, King Ælfred, Saint Alfred the Great, St Alfred the Great, St. Alfred the Great, Statue of Alfred the Great, Pewsey, Statue of Alfred the Great, Winchester, ÆLfred, Ælfred, Ælfred the Great, Ælfrid, Ælfræd, Ælfrēd, Ælfrēd the Great, Ælfrǣd, Ælfrǣd the Great.