107 relations: Abbot, Alphonso Beretta, Altar server, Anschluss, Antisemitism, Archbasilica of St. John Lateran, Archpriest, Assisi, Baptism, Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls, Basilio Pompilj, Bavaria, Beatification, Benito Mussolini, Bishop, Bolzano, Cardinal electors for the papal conclave, 1939, Carlo Cremonesi, Catechesis, Catholic Action, Catholic Church, Charles Borromeo, College of Cardinals, Communism, Congregation for the Causes of Saints, Congregation for the Oriental Churches, Consecrator, Crusades, Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul, Desio, Doctor of Philosophy, Einsiedeln Abbey, Episcopal Conference of Italy, Eucharistic Congress, Eugenio Tosi, First Communion, Glaucoma, Gustavo Testa, Heroic virtue, Holy orders, Incorruptibility, Italian Fascism, Italian Racial Laws, Italian resistance movement, Italians, Italy, Jews, Kidnapping, Kingdom of Italy, Lateran Treaty, ..., Master of novices, Michel d'Herbigny, Milan, Milan Cathedral, Millennium, Monk, Monsignor, Nazism, Novitiate, Nun, Order of Saint Benedict, Order of the Holy Sepulchre, Our Lady of Caravaggio, Papabile, Papal conclave, 1939, Papal legate, Pentecost, Pietro Respighi, Pontifical Atheneum of St. Anselm, Pontifical Oriental Institute, Pope John Paul II, Pope John XXIII, Pope Paul VI, Pope Pius XI, Pope Pius XII, Positio, Prelate, Prior, Procurator (canon law), Profession (religious), Province of Varese, Racial policy of Nazi Germany, Raffaele Cadorna Jr., Religious vows, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Milan, Rome, Rosolio, Sacred Congregation of Rites, San Martino ai Monti, Sandro Pertini, Santa Maria della Pietà in Camposanto dei Teutonici, Second Italo-Ethiopian War, Sistine Chapel, Sovereign Military Order of Malta, St. Peter's Basilica, St. Peter's Square, Subiaco Cassinese Congregation, Switzerland, Tailor, The Venerable, Tommaso Riccardi, Totalitarianism, Universal call to holiness, Vatican City, Venegono Inferiore, Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, World War II. Expand index (57 more) » « Shrink index
Abbot, meaning father, is an ecclesiastical title given to the male head of a monastery in various traditions, including Christianity.
Alfonso Beretta P.I.M.E. (26 December 1911 – 23 May 1998, Alfonso Beretta) was an Italian Bishop of Warangal.
An altar server is a lay assistant to a member of the clergy during a Christian liturgy.
Anschluss ('joining') refers to the annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany on 12 March 1938.
Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews.
The Cathedral of the Most Holy Savior and of Saints John the Baptist and the Evangelist in the Lateran, (Santissimo Salvatore e Santi Giovanni Battista ed Evangelista in Laterano) - also known as the Papal Archbasilica of St.
An archpriest is an ecclesiastical title for certain priests with supervisory duties over a number of parishes.
Assisi (from the Asisium) is a town and comune of Italy in the Province of Perugia in the Umbria region, on the western flank of Monte Subasio. It is generally regarded as the birthplace of the Latin poet Propertius, born around 50–45 BC. It is the birthplace of St. Francis, who founded the Franciscan religious order in the town in 1208, and St. Clare (Chiara d'Offreducci), the founder of the Poor Sisters, which later became the Order of Poor Clares after her death. The 19th-century Saint Gabriel of Our Lady of Sorrows was also born in Assisi.
Baptism (from the Greek noun βάπτισμα baptisma; see below) is a Christian sacrament of admission and adoption, almost invariably with the use of water, into Christianity.
The Papal Basilica of St.
Basilio Pompilj (16 April 1858 – 5 May 1931) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
Bavaria (Bavarian and Bayern), officially the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner.
Beatification (from Latin beatus, "blessed" and facere, "to make") is a recognition accorded by the Catholic Church of a dead person's entrance into Heaven and capacity to intercede on behalf of individuals who pray in his or her name.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF).
A bishop (English derivation from the New Testament of the Christian Bible Greek επίσκοπος, epískopos, "overseer", "guardian") is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight.
Bolzano (or; German: Bozen (formerly Botzen),; Balsan or Bulsan; Bauzanum) is the capital city of the province of South Tyrol in northern Italy.
The cardinal electors in the 1939 papal conclave numbered 62 and all of them participated.
Carlo Cremonesi (4 November 1866 – 25 November 1943) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Territorial Prelate of Pompei from 1926 to 1928, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1935.
Catechesis (from Greek: κατήχησις, "instruction by word of mouth", generally "instruction") is basic Christian religious education of children and adults.
Catholic Action was the name of many groups of lay Catholics who were attempting to encourage a Catholic influence on society.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Charles Borromeo (Carlo Borromeo, Carolus Borromeus, 2 October 1538 – 3 November 1584) was Roman Catholic archbishop of Milan from 1564 to 1584 and a cardinal.
The College of Cardinals, formerly styled the Sacred College of Cardinals, is the body of all cardinals of the Catholic Church.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
The Congregation for the Causes of Saints is the congregation of the Roman Curia that oversees the complex process that leads to the canonization of saints, passing through the steps of a declaration of "heroic virtues" and beatification.
The Congregation for the Oriental Churches (Congregatio pro Ecclesiis Orientalibus) is a dicastery of the Roman Curia, and the curial congregation responsible for contact with the Eastern Catholic Churches for the sake of assisting their development and protecting their rights.
In the Roman Catholic Church, a consecrator is a bishop who ordains a priest to the episcopal state.
The Crusades were a series of religious wars sanctioned by the Latin Church in the medieval period.
The Company of the Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul (Societas Filiarum Caritatis a S. Vincentio de Paulo), called in English the Daughters of Charity or Sisters of Charity of Saint Vincent De Paul is a Society of Apostolic Life for women within the Catholic Church.
Desio is a town and comune in the Province of Monza and Brianza, Italy.
A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD or Ph.D.; Latin Philosophiae doctor) is the highest academic degree awarded by universities in most countries.
Einsiedeln Abbey (Kloster Einsiedeln) is a Benedictine monastery in the village of Einsiedeln in the canton of Schwyz, Switzerland.
The Italian Episcopal Conference (Conferenza Episcopale Italiana) is the episcopal conference of the Italian bishops of the Catholic Church, the official assembly of the bishops in Italy.
In the Catholic Church, a Eucharistic Congress is a gathering of clergy, religious, and laity to bear witness to the Real Presence of Jesus in the Eucharist, which is an important Roman Catholic doctrine.
Eugenio Tosi (1864–1929) was an Italian Cardinal of the Catholic Church.
First Communion is a ceremony in some Christian traditions during which a person first receives the Eucharist.
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases which result in damage to the optic nerve and vision loss.
Gustavo Testa (28 July 1886 – 28 February 1969) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
Heroic virtue is a phrase coined by Augustine of Hippo to describe the virtue of early Christian martyrs and used by the Catholic Church.
In the Christian churches, Holy Orders are ordained ministries such as bishop, priest or deacon.
Incorruptibility is a Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox belief that divine intervention allows some human bodies (specifically saints and beati) to avoid the normal process of decomposition after death as a sign of their holiness.
Italian Fascism (fascismo italiano), also known simply as Fascism, is the original fascist ideology as developed in Italy.
The Italian Racial Laws (Leggi razziali) were a set of laws promulgated by Fascist Italy from 1938 to 1943 to enforce racial discrimination in Italy, directed mainly against the Italian Jews and the native inhabitants of the colonies.
The Italian resistance movement (Resistenza italiana or just la Resistenza) is an umbrella term for resistance groups that opposed the occupying German forces and the Italian Fascist puppet regime of the Italian Social Republic during the later years of World War II.
The Italians (Italiani) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation native to the Italian peninsula.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
In criminal law, kidnapping is the unlawful carrying away (asportation) and confinement of a person against his or her will.
The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.
The Lateran Treaty (Patti Lateranensi; Pacta Lateranensia) was one of the Lateran Pacts of 1929 or Lateran Accords, agreements made in 1929 between the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy See, settling the "Roman Question".
In the Roman Catholic Church, the master of novices or novice master is someone who is committed the training of the novices and the government of the novitiate of a religious institute.
Michel-Joseph Bourguignon d'Herbigny (8 May 1880 – 23 December 1957) was a French Jesuit scholar and Roman Catholic bishop.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
Milan Cathedral (Duomo di Milano; Lombard: Domm de Milan) is the cathedral church of Milan, Lombardy, Italy.
A millennium (plural millennia or, rarely, millenniums) is a period equal to 1000 years, also called kiloyears.
A monk (from μοναχός, monachos, "single, solitary" via Latin monachus) is a person who practices religious asceticism by monastic living, either alone or with any number of other monks.
Monsignor is an honorific form of address for those members of the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church including bishops, honorary prelates and canons.
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
The novitiate, also called the noviciate, is the period of training and preparation that a novice (or prospective) monastic, apostolic, or member of a religious institute undergoes prior to taking vows in order to discern whether he or she is called to vowed religious life.
A nun is a member of a religious community of women, typically living under vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience in the enclosure of a monastery.
The Order of Saint Benedict (OSB; Latin: Ordo Sancti Benedicti), also known as the Black Monksin reference to the colour of its members' habitsis a Catholic religious order of independent monastic communities that observe the Rule of Saint Benedict.
The Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem (Ordo Equestris Sancti Sepulcri Hierosolymitani, OESSH), also called Order of the Holy Sepulchre or Knights of the Holy Sepulchre, is a Roman Catholic order of knighthood under the protection of the Holy See.
Our Lady of Caravaggio is a reported apparition of the Virgin Mary at Caravaggio, Italy in 1432.
Papabile (pl. papabili) is an unofficial Italian term first coined by Vaticanologists and now used internationally in many languages to describe a Roman Catholic man, in practice always a cardinal, who is thought a likely or possible candidate to be elected pope.
Following the death of Pope Pius XI on 10 February 1939, all 62 cardinals of the Catholic Church met in the papal conclave of 1939 on 1 March.
A woodcut showing Henry II of England greeting the pope's legate. A papal legate or Apostolic legate (from the Ancient Roman title legatus) is a personal representative of the pope to foreign nations, or to some part of the Catholic Church.
The Christian feast day of Pentecost is seven weeks after Easter Sunday: that is to say, the fiftieth day after Easter inclusive of Easter Sunday.
Pietro Respighi S.T.D. JUD (22 September 1843 – 22 March 1913) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Archpriest of the Basilica of St. John Lateran.
The Pontifical Atheneum of St.
The Pontifical Oriental Institute (Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, Pontificio Istituto Orientale) or "Orientale" is the premier center for the study of Eastern Christianity in Rome, Italy.
Pope John Paul II (Ioannes Paulus II; Giovanni Paolo II; Jan Paweł II; born Karol Józef Wojtyła;; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) served as Pope and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1978 to 2005.
Pope John XXIII (Ioannes; Giovanni; born Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli,; 25 November 18813 June 1963) was head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 28 October 1958 to his death in 1963 and was canonized on 27 April 2014.
Pope Paul VI (Paulus VI; Paolo VI; born Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini; 26 September 1897 – 6 August 1978) reigned from 21 June 1963 to his death in 1978.
Pope Pius XI, (Pio XI) born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti (31 May 1857 – 10 February 1939), was head of the Catholic Church from 6 February 1922 to his death in 1939.
Pope Pius XII (Pio XII), born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli (2 March 18769 October 1958), was the Pope of the Catholic Church from 2 March 1939 to his death.
In the Roman Catholic church, a positio (Positio super Virtutibus) is a document or collection of documents used in the process by which a person is declared Venerable, the second of the four steps on the path to Roman Catholic sainthood.
A prelate is a high-ranking member of the clergy who is an ordinary or who ranks in precedence with ordinaries.
Prior, derived from the Latin for "earlier, first", (or prioress for nuns) is an ecclesiastical title for a superior, usually lower in rank than an abbot or abbess.
In the canon law of the Catholic Church, a procurator is one who acts on behalf of and by virtue of the authority of another.
The term religious profession is used in many western-rite Christian denominations (including those of Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran, and other traditions) to refer to the solemn admission of men or women into a religious order by means of public vows.
The province of Varese (provincia di Varese) is a province in the Lombardy region of Italy.
The racial policy of Nazi Germany was a set of policies and laws implemented in Nazi Germany (1933–45) based on a specific racist doctrine asserting the superiority of the Aryan race, which claimed scientific legitimacy.
Raffaele Cadorna Jr. (12 September 1889 in Pallanza – 20 December 1973 in Rome) was an Italian general who fought during World War I and World War II.
Religious vows are the public vows made by the members of religious communities pertaining to their conduct, practices, and views.
The Archdiocese of Milan (Arcidiocesi di Milano; Archidioecesis Mediolanensis) is a metropolitan see of the Catholic Church in Italy which covers the areas of Milan, Monza, Lecco and Varese.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
Rosolio is a type of Italian liqueur derived from rose petals, and which is often used as the basis for the preparation of other liquors of various flavors.
The Sacred Congregation of Rites was a congregation of the Roman Curia, erected on 22 January 1588 by Pope Sixtus V by Immensa Aeterni Dei and its functions reassigned by Pope Paul VI on 8 May 1969.
San Martino ai Monti (Italian for "St Martin in the Mountains"), officially known as Santi Silvestro e Martino ai Monti & Martin in the Mountains"), is a minor basilica in Rome, Italy, in the Rione Monti neighbourhood.
Alessandro "Sandro" Pertini, (25 September 1896 – 24 February 1990) was an Italian journalist and socialist politician, who served as the seventh President of the Italian Republic, from 1978 to 1985.
The Church of Our Lady of Mercy in the Teutonic Cemetery (Santa Maria della Pietà in Camposanto dei Teutonici) is a Roman Catholic church in the rione Borgo of Rome, Italy.
The Second Italo-Ethiopian War, also referred to as the Second Italo-Abyssinian War, was a colonial war from 3 October 1935 until 1939, despite the Italian claim to have defeated Ethiopia by 5 May 1936, the date of the capture of Addis Ababa.
The Sistine Chapel (Sacellum Sixtinum; Cappella Sistina) is a chapel in the Apostolic Palace, the official residence of the Pope, in Vatican City.
The Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta (Supremus Ordo Militaris Hospitalis Sancti Ioannis Hierosolymitani Rhodius et Melitensis), also known as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM) or the Order of Malta, is a Catholic lay religious order traditionally of military, chivalrous and noble nature.
The Papal Basilica of St.
The Subiaco Cassinese Congregation is an international union of Benedictine houses (abbeys and priories) within the Benedictine Confederation.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
A tailor is a person who makes, repairs, or alters clothing professionally, especially suits and men's clothing.
The Venerable is used as a style or epithet in several Christian churches.
Blessed Tommaso Riccardi (24 June 1844 – 25 March 1915) was an Italian Roman Catholic priest who was a professed member of the Benedictines of the Cassinese Congregation.
Benito Mussolini Totalitarianism is a political concept where the state recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to control every aspect of public and private life wherever feasible.
The Universal Call to Holiness is a teaching of the Roman Catholic Church that all people are called to be holy, and is based on Matthew 5:48 – "Be you therefore perfect, as also your heavenly Father is perfect.". From the very first pages of the Bible, we see the call to holiness expressed in the Lord’s words to Abraham: “Walk before me, and be blameless” (Gen 17:1).
Vatican City (Città del Vaticano; Civitas Vaticana), officially the Vatican City State or the State of Vatican City (Stato della Città del Vaticano; Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is an independent state located within the city of Rome.
Venegono Inferiore is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Varese in the Italian region Lombardy, located about northwest of Milan and about southeast of Varese.
Victor Emmanuel III (Vittorio Emanuele Ferdinando Maria Gennaro di Savoia; Vittorio Emanuele III, Viktor Emanueli III; 11 November 1869 – 28 December 1947) was the King of Italy from 29 July 1900 until his abdication on 9 May 1946.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.