48 relations: Alien and Sedition Acts, Alien land laws, Aliens Act 1905, Aliens Restriction (Amendment) Act 1919, Arab states of the Persian Gulf, Australia, Australian nationality law, British Nationality Act 1772, British Nationality Act 1981, British nationality law, British protected person, British subject, California Alien Land Law of 1913, Citizenship of the United States, Commonwealth, Commonwealth citizen, Corporate personhood, Council of Europe, Denization, Enemy alien, English law, Etymology, Foreign national, Gaijin, Illegal immigration, Immigration, Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, International law, Invasion, Laowai, Latin, Latvian passport, Multiple citizenship, Nationality, Naturalization, Non-citizens (Latvia), Person, Persona non grata, Real property, Soviet Union, The Washington Post, Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement, Trespass, Unaccompanied Alien Children, United Kingdom, United States, United States nationality law, University of Minnesota.
The Alien and Sedition Acts were four bills passed by the Federalist-dominated 5th United States Congress and signed into law by President John Adams in 1798.
Alien land laws were a series of legislative attempts to discourage Asian and other "non-desirable" immigrants from settling permanently in U.S. states and territories by limiting their ability to own land and property.
The Aliens Act 1905 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Aliens Restriction (Amendment) Act 1919 (9 & 10 Geo 5 c 92) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom originally aimed at continuing and extending the provisions of the Aliens Restriction Act 1914 and the British Nationality and Status of Aliens Act 1914 and to deal with former enemy aliens after the end of the First World War.
The Arab states of the Persian Gulf are the seven Arab states which border the Persian Gulf, namely Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Australian nationality law determines who is and who is not an Australian citizen.
The British Nationality Act 1772 (13 Geo. 3 c. 21) was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain was a British nationality law which made general provision allowing natural-born allegiance (citizenship) to be assumed if the father alone were British.
The British Nationality Act 1981 (c.61) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom concerning British nationality since 1 January 1983.
British nationality law is the law of the United Kingdom which concerns citizenship and other categories of British nationality.
A British protected person (BPP) is a member of a class of certain persons under the British Nationality Act 1981 associated with former protected states, protectorates, mandated and trust territories under British control.
The term British subject has had a number of different legal meanings over time.
The California Alien Land Law of 1913 (also known as the Webb-Haney Act) prohibited "aliens ineligible for citizenship" from owning agricultural land or possessing long-term leases over it, but permitted leases lasting up to three years.
Citizenship of the United States is a status that entails specific rights, duties and benefits.
A commonwealth is a traditional English term for a political community founded for the common good.
In general, a Commonwealth citizen is a citizen of a member state of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Corporate personhood is the legal notion that a corporation, separately from its associated human beings (like owners, managers, or employees), has at least some of the legal rights and responsibilities enjoyed by natural persons (physical humans).
The Council of Europe (CoE; Conseil de l'Europe) is an international organisation whose stated aim is to uphold human rights, democracy and the rule of law in Europe.
Denization is an obsolete or defunct process in England and Ireland and the later Kingdom of Great Britain, the United Kingdom, and the British Empire, dating back to the 13th century, by which an alien (foreigner), through letters patent, became a denizen, thereby obtaining certain rights otherwise only normally enjoyed by the King's (or Queen's) subjects, including the right to hold land.
In customary international law, an enemy alien is any native, citizen, denizen or subject of any foreign nation or government with which a domestic nation or government is in conflict with and who are liable to be apprehended, restrained, secured and removed.
English law is the common law legal system of England and Wales, comprising mainly criminal law and civil law, each branch having its own courts and procedures.
EtymologyThe New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p. 633 "Etymology /ˌɛtɪˈmɒlədʒi/ the study of the class in words and the way their meanings have changed throughout time".
A foreign national is a person who is not a citizen of the host country in which he or she is residing or temporarily sojourning.
is a Japanese word for foreigners and non-Japanese.
Illegal immigration is the illegal entry of a person or a group of persons across a country's border, in a way that violates the immigration laws of the destination country, with the intention to remain in the country, as well as people who remain living in another country when they do not have the legal right to do so.
Immigration is the international movement of people into a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.
The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act", (IRPA) (the Act) is an Act of the Parliament of Canada, passed in 2001, which replaced the Immigration Act, 1976 as the primary federal legislation regulating immigration to Canada.
International law is the set of rules generally regarded and accepted as binding in relations between states and between nations.
An invasion is a military offensive in which large parts of combatants of one geopolitical entity aggressively enter territory controlled by another such entity, generally with the objective of either conquering; liberating or re-establishing control or authority over a territory; forcing the partition of a country; altering the established government or gaining concessions from said government; or a combination thereof.
Laowai is the Mandarin pronunciation of 老外 (pinyin: lǎowài, lit. "constantly foreign"), an informal term or slang for "foreigner", usually neutral but possibly impolite or loose in some circumstances.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latvian passports are issued to citizens of Latvia for identity and international travel purposes.
Multiple citizenship, dual citizenship, multiple nationality or dual nationality, is a person's citizenship status, in which a person is concurrently regarded as a citizen of more than one state under the laws of those states.
Nationality is a legal relationship between an individual person and a state.
Naturalization (or naturalisation) is the legal act or process by which a non-citizen in a country may acquire citizenship or nationality of that country.
Non-citizens (nepilsoņi) in Latvian law are individuals who are not citizens of Latvia or any other country but, who, in accordance with the Latvian law "Regarding the status of citizens of the former USSR who possess neither Latvian nor other citizenship", have the right to a non-citizen passport issued by the Latvian government as well as other specific rights.
A person is a being that has certain capacities or attributes such as reason, morality, consciousness or self-consciousness, and being a part of a culturally established form of social relations such as kinship, ownership of property, or legal responsibility.
In diplomacy, a persona non grata (Latin: "person not appreciated", plural: personae non gratae) is a foreign person whose entering or remaining in a particular country is prohibited by that country's government.
In English common law, real property, real estate, realty, or immovable property is land which is the property of some person and all structures (also called improvements or fixtures) integrated with or affixed to the land, including crops, buildings, machinery, wells, dams, ponds, mines, canals, and roads, among other things.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement is an arrangement between Australia and New Zealand which allows for the free movement of citizens of one of these countries to the other.
Trespass is an area of criminal law or tort law broadly divided into three groups: trespass to the person, trespass to chattels and trespass to land.
Unaccompanied Alien Children (or UAC, also referred to as unaccompanied alien minors or UAMs) are unaccompanied minors who are aliens.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States nationality law is a uniform rule of naturalization of the United States set out in the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, enacted under the power of Article I, section 8, clause 4 of the United States Constitution (also referred to as the Nationality Clause), which reads: Congress shall have Power - "To establish a uniform Rule of Naturalization..." The 1952 Act sets forth the legal requirements for the acquisition of, and divestiture from, American nationality.
The University of Minnesota, Twin Cities (often referred to as the University of Minnesota, Minnesota, the U of M, UMN, or simply the U) is a public research university in Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota.