Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

Alkaloid

+ Save concept

Alkaloids are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds that mostly contain basic nitrogen atoms. [1]

324 relations: Academic Press, Acetaldehyde, Acetic acid, Acetylcholinesterase, Acid, Acid-base extraction, Aconitine, Acridine, Actinidine, Adenosine receptor, Adrenaline, Agonopterix alstroemeriana, Ajmaline, Albert Ladenburg, Alicyclic compound, Alpha-aminoadipate pathway, Amaryllis, Amine, Amino acid, Amphoterism, Amurensine, Anabasine, Anabolism, Analgesic, Ancient Greece, Animal, Anthranilic acid, Anti-diabetic medication, Antiarrhythmic agent, Antibiotic, Anticholinergic, Antihypertensive drug, Antimalarial medication, Antiprotozoal, Antipyretic, Aphrodisiac, Aporphine, Arecoline, Arginine, Aspartic acid, Aspidosperma, Asthma, Atropa belladonna, Atropine, Bacteria, Base (chemistry), Batrachotoxin, Berberine, Beta-Carboline, Bromine, ..., Brucine, Bufotenin, Cadaverine, Caffeine, Canadine, Caprylic acid, Capsaicin, Carapichea ipecacuanha, Carbanion, Carbon, Carbonyl group, Carpaine, Castanospermine, Catecholamine, Catharanthine, Catharanthus roseus, Cathinone, Central nervous system, Chelerythrine, Chemical compound, Chemotherapy, Chlorine, Chloroform, Cholesterol, Chordate, Chromatography, Cinchona, Cinchonine, Clinical Medicine Insights: Oncology, Coca, Cocaine, Codeine, Colchicine, Coniine, Conium maculatum, Cough medicine, CRC Press, Current Medicinal Chemistry, Cuscohygrine, Cyclopamine, Cyclopia, Cysteine, Cytisine, Dauricine, Delphinine, Diethyl ether, Dihydrocapsaicin, Dimer (chemistry), Distillation, Dopamine, Drug discovery, Ecgonine, Elsevier, Emetine, Entheogen, Ephedra, Ephedrine, Ergoline, Ergotamine, Erythrina, Ester, Ethanol, Extract, Febrifugine, Friedrich Sertürner, Fruit, Fungus, Galantamine, Geranyl pyrophosphate, Glaucine, Glutamic acid, Gout, Great Soviet Encyclopedia, Hallucinogen, Harmaline, Harmine, Heterocyclic compound, Histamine, Histidine, Homer, Homoserine, Hydrastine, Hydrogen, Hygrine, Hyoscine, Hyoscyamine, Hyoscyamus niger, Ibogaine, Ibogamine, Ibotenic acid, Imidazole, Indole, Indolizidine, Insecticide, Isoleucine, Isoquinoline, Isoxazole, John Wiley & Sons, Joseph Bienaimé Caventou, Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, Lactone, Laudanosine, Leucine, Liriodendron tulipifera, Liriodenine, List of poisonous plants, Loline alkaloid, Lupinine, Lycorine, Lysergic acid, Lysine, Mannich reaction, Matrine, Mayer's reagent, Medication, Mescaline, Mesopotamia, Metabolism, Methamphetamine, Methcathinone, Mevalonic acid, Michael reaction, Mitragynine, Molecules (journal), Morpheus, Morphine, Muscarine, Muscimol, N,N-Dimethyltryptamine, Naloxone, Natural product, Neotyphodium, Neurotransmitter, Niacin, Nicotinamide, Nicotine, Nicotinic agonist, Nitrogen, Non-small-cell lung carcinoma, Norepinephrine, Nornicotine, Noscapine, Nucleic acid, Nucleophilic addition, Nucleotide, Odyssey, Omacetaxine mepesuccinate, Opioid receptor, Opium, Organic Letters, Ornithine, Oxazole, Oxycodone, Oxygen, Palau'amine, Papaver somniferum, Papaverine, Parasympathomimetic drug, Pavine (molecule), Peptide, Pesticide, Pharmacology, Phenanthrene, Phenethylamine, Phenylalanine, Phosphorus, Physostigmine, Phytochemistry (journal), Pierre Joseph Pelletier, Pipecolic acid, Piperidine, Piperine, Plant, Precursor (chemistry), Proline, Protein, Protopine, Pseudoephedrine, Psilocin, Psilocybe, Psilocybin, Psychedelic drug, Psychoactive drug, Purine, Putrescine, Pyridine, Pyrrolidine, Pyrrolizidine, Pyruvic acid, Quinazoline, Quinidine, Quinine, Quinoline, Quinolizidine, Rauvolfia serpentina, Receptor antagonist, Recreational drug use, Reserpine, Retronecine, Ricinine, Sanguinarine, Saxitoxin, Schiff base, Secologanin, Secondary metabolite, Seed, Semisynthesis, Serotonin, Sesquiterpene, Sinomenine, Sodium, Solanidine, Solvent, South America, Sparteine, Spectroscopy, Spermidine, Spermine, Springer Science+Business Media, Steroid, Stimulant, Strictosidine, Strychnine, Strychnos nux-vomica, Sulfur, Swainsonine, Tabernanthe iboga, Terpene, Tetramer, Theacrine, Thebaine, Theobromine, Theophylline, Thiazole, Toxicity, Toxiferine, Traditional medicine, Transamination, Trigonelline, Trimer (chemistry), Tropane, Tryptamine, Tryptophan, Tubocurarine chloride, Tyramine, Tyrosine, Urea, Uterotonic, Utetheisa ornatrix, Valine, Vanillylamine, Vascular plant, Vasoconstriction, Vasodilation, Veratrum californicum, Villalstonine, Vinblastine, Vinca, Vinca alkaloid, Vincamine, Vincristine, Vindoline, Vinorelbine, Voacamine, Voacangine, Vomiting, Xanthine, Xanthosine, Yohimbine, 1,2-Dichloroethane, 1-Deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate, 2-Quinolone, 4-Quinolone. Expand index (274 more) »

Academic Press

Academic Press is an academic book publisher.

New!!: Alkaloid and Academic Press · See more »

Acetaldehyde

Acetaldehyde (systematic name ethanal) is an organic chemical compound with the formula CH3CHO, sometimes abbreviated by chemists as MeCHO (Me.

New!!: Alkaloid and Acetaldehyde · See more »

Acetic acid

Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).

New!!: Alkaloid and Acetic acid · See more »

Acetylcholinesterase

Acetylcholinesterase, encoded by HGNC gene ACHE; EC 3.1.1.7) is the primary cholinesterase in the body. It is an enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of acetylcholine and of some other choline esters that function as neurotransmitters. AChE is found at mainly neuromuscular junctions and in chemical synapses of the cholinergic type, where its activity serves to terminate synaptic transmission. It belongs to carboxylesterase family of enzymes. It is the primary target of inhibition by organophosphorus compounds such as nerve agents and pesticides.

New!!: Alkaloid and Acetylcholinesterase · See more »

Acid

An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).

New!!: Alkaloid and Acid · See more »

Acid-base extraction

Acid-base extraction is a procedure using sequential liquid–liquid extractions to purify acids and bases from mixtures based on their chemical properties.

New!!: Alkaloid and Acid-base extraction · See more »

Aconitine

Aconitine is an alkaloid toxin produced by the Aconitum plant, also known as devil's helmet or monkshood.

New!!: Alkaloid and Aconitine · See more »

Acridine

Acridine is an organic compound and a nitrogen heterocycle with the formula C13H9N.

New!!: Alkaloid and Acridine · See more »

Actinidine

Actinidine is a pyridine derivative found in the essential oil of valerian (Valeriana officinalis) root and Actinidia polygama (silver vine).

New!!: Alkaloid and Actinidine · See more »

Adenosine receptor

The adenosine receptors (or P1 receptors) are a class of purinergic G protein-coupled receptors with adenosine as endogenous ligand.

New!!: Alkaloid and Adenosine receptor · See more »

Adrenaline

Adrenaline, also known as adrenalin or epinephrine, is a hormone, neurotransmitter, and medication.

New!!: Alkaloid and Adrenaline · See more »

Agonopterix alstroemeriana

The hemlock moth (Agonopterix alstroemeriana), also known as the defoliating hemlock moth or poison hemlock moth, is a nocturnal moth species of the family Depressariidae.

New!!: Alkaloid and Agonopterix alstroemeriana · See more »

Ajmaline

Ajmaline (also known by trade names Gilurytmal, Ritmos, and Aritmina) is an alkaloid that is class Ia antiarrhythmic agent.

New!!: Alkaloid and Ajmaline · See more »

Albert Ladenburg

Albert Ladenburg (July 2, 1842August 15, 1911) was a German chemist.

New!!: Alkaloid and Albert Ladenburg · See more »

Alicyclic compound

An alicyclic compound is an organic compound that is both aliphatic and cyclic.

New!!: Alkaloid and Alicyclic compound · See more »

Alpha-aminoadipate pathway

The amino acid L-lysine The α-aminoadipate pathway is a biochemical pathway for the synthesis of the amino acid L-lysine.

New!!: Alkaloid and Alpha-aminoadipate pathway · See more »

Amaryllis

Amaryllis is the only genus in the subtribe Amaryllidinae (tribe Amaryllideae).

New!!: Alkaloid and Amaryllis · See more »

Amine

In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.

New!!: Alkaloid and Amine · See more »

Amino acid

Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.

New!!: Alkaloid and Amino acid · See more »

Amphoterism

In chemistry, an amphoteric compound is a molecule or ion that can react both as an acid as well as a base.

New!!: Alkaloid and Amphoterism · See more »

Amurensine

Amurensine is an alkaloid found in Papaver species such as Papaver alpinum, P. pyrenaicum, P. suaveolens, and P. tatricum and P. nudicaule.

New!!: Alkaloid and Amurensine · See more »

Anabasine

Anabasine is a pyridine and piperidine alkaloid found in the Tree Tobacco (Nicotiana glauca) plant, a close relative of the common tobacco plant (Nicotiana tabacum).

New!!: Alkaloid and Anabasine · See more »

Anabolism

Anabolism (from ἁνά, "upward" and βάλλειν, "to throw") is the set of metabolic pathways that construct molecules from smaller units.

New!!: Alkaloid and Anabolism · See more »

Analgesic

An analgesic or painkiller is any member of the group of drugs used to achieve analgesia, relief from pain.

New!!: Alkaloid and Analgesic · See more »

Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).

New!!: Alkaloid and Ancient Greece · See more »

Animal

Animals are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia.

New!!: Alkaloid and Animal · See more »

Anthranilic acid

Anthranilic acid (o-amino-benzoic acid, 2-aminobenzoic acid, 2-AA, 2AA, AA) is an aromatic acid with the formula C6H4(NH2)(CO2H).

New!!: Alkaloid and Anthranilic acid · See more »

Anti-diabetic medication

Drugs used in diabetes treat diabetes mellitus by lowering glucose levels in the blood.

New!!: Alkaloid and Anti-diabetic medication · See more »

Antiarrhythmic agent

Antiarrhythmic agents, also known as cardiac dysrhythmia medications, are a group of pharmaceuticals that are used to suppress abnormal rhythms of the heart (cardiac arrhythmias), such as atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, ventricular tachycardia, and ventricular fibrillation.

New!!: Alkaloid and Antiarrhythmic agent · See more »

Antibiotic

An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.

New!!: Alkaloid and Antibiotic · See more »

Anticholinergic

An anticholinergic agent is a substance that blocks the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the central and the peripheral nervous system.

New!!: Alkaloid and Anticholinergic · See more »

Antihypertensive drug

Antihypertensives are a class of drugs that are used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure).

New!!: Alkaloid and Antihypertensive drug · See more »

Antimalarial medication

Antimalarial medications, also known as antimalarials, are designed to prevent or cure malaria.

New!!: Alkaloid and Antimalarial medication · See more »

Antiprotozoal

Antiprotozoal agents (ATC code: ATC P01) is a class of pharmaceuticals used in treatment of protozoan infection.

New!!: Alkaloid and Antiprotozoal · See more »

Antipyretic

Antipyretics (from anti- 'against' and 'feverish') are substances that reduce fever.

New!!: Alkaloid and Antipyretic · See more »

Aphrodisiac

An aphrodisiac or love drug is a substance that increases libido when consumed.

New!!: Alkaloid and Aphrodisiac · See more »

Aporphine

Aporphine is an alkaloid that forms the core of a class of quinoline alkaloids.

New!!: Alkaloid and Aporphine · See more »

Arecoline

Arecoline is a nicotinic acid-based alkaloid found in the areca nut, the fruit of the areca palm (Areca catechu).

New!!: Alkaloid and Arecoline · See more »

Arginine

Arginine (symbol Arg or R) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Alkaloid and Arginine · See more »

Aspartic acid

Aspartic acid (symbol Asp or D; salts known as aspartates), is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Alkaloid and Aspartic acid · See more »

Aspidosperma

Aspidosperma is a genus of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae, first described as a genus in 1824.

New!!: Alkaloid and Aspidosperma · See more »

Asthma

Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.

New!!: Alkaloid and Asthma · See more »

Atropa belladonna

Atropa belladonna, commonly known as belladonna or deadly nightshade, is a perennial herbaceous plant in the nightshade family Solanaceae, which includes tomatoes, potatoes, and aubergine.

New!!: Alkaloid and Atropa belladonna · See more »

Atropine

Atropine is a medication to treat certain types of nerve agent and pesticide poisonings as well as some types of slow heart rate and to decrease saliva production during surgery.

New!!: Alkaloid and Atropine · See more »

Bacteria

Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.

New!!: Alkaloid and Bacteria · See more »

Base (chemistry)

In chemistry, bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, release hydroxide (OH−) ions, are slippery to the touch, can taste bitter if an alkali, change the color of indicators (e.g., turn red litmus paper blue), react with acids to form salts, promote certain chemical reactions (base catalysis), accept protons from any proton donor, and/or contain completely or partially displaceable OH− ions.

New!!: Alkaloid and Base (chemistry) · See more »

Batrachotoxin

Batrachotoxin (BTX) is an extremely potent cardiotoxic and neurotoxic steroidal alkaloid found in certain species of frogs (poison dart frog), melyrid beetles, and birds (the pitohui, blue-capped ifrit, and little shrikethrush).

New!!: Alkaloid and Batrachotoxin · See more »

Berberine

Berberine is a quaternary ammonium salt from the protoberberine group of benzylisoquinoline alkaloids found in such plants as Berberis (e.g. Berberis vulgaris – barberry, Berberis aristata – tree turmeric, Mahonia aquifolium – Oregon-grape, Hydrastis canadensis – goldenseal, Xanthorhiza simplicissima – yellowroot, Phellodendron amurense – Amur cork tree, Coptis chinensis – Chinese goldthread, Tinospora cordifolia, Argemone mexicana – prickly poppy, and Eschscholzia californica – Californian poppy. Berberine is usually found in the roots, rhizomes, stems, and bark. Due to berberine's strong yellow color, Berberis species were used to dye wool, leather, and wood. Wool is still dyed with berberine today in northern India. Under ultraviolet light, berberine shows a strong yellow fluorescence, so it is used in histology for staining heparin in mast cells. As a natural dye, berberine has a color index of 75160.

New!!: Alkaloid and Berberine · See more »

Beta-Carboline

β-Carboline (9H-pyridoindole), also known as norharmane, is a nitrogen containing heterocycle.

New!!: Alkaloid and Beta-Carboline · See more »

Bromine

Bromine is a chemical element with symbol Br and atomic number 35.

New!!: Alkaloid and Bromine · See more »

Brucine

Brucine, an alkaloid closely related to strychnine, is most commonly found in the Strychnos nux-vomica tree.

New!!: Alkaloid and Brucine · See more »

Bufotenin

Bufotenin (5-HO-DMT, bufotenine) is a tryptamine related to the neurotransmitter serotonin.

New!!: Alkaloid and Bufotenin · See more »

Cadaverine

Cadaverine is a foul-smelling diamine compound produced by the putrefaction of animal tissue.

New!!: Alkaloid and Cadaverine · See more »

Caffeine

Caffeine is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant of the methylxanthine class.

New!!: Alkaloid and Caffeine · See more »

Canadine

Canadine is a protoberberine alkaloid which can act as a calcium channel blocker.

New!!: Alkaloid and Canadine · See more »

Caprylic acid

Caprylic acid is the common name for the eight-carbon saturated fatty acid known by the systematic name octanoic acid.

New!!: Alkaloid and Caprylic acid · See more »

Capsaicin

Capsaicin ((INN); 8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide) is an active component of chili peppers, which are plants belonging to the genus Capsicum.

New!!: Alkaloid and Capsaicin · See more »

Carapichea ipecacuanha

Carapichea ipecacuanha is a species of flowering plant in the Rubiaceae family.

New!!: Alkaloid and Carapichea ipecacuanha · See more »

Carbanion

A carbanion is an anion in which carbon is threevalent (forms three bonds) and bears a formal negative charge in at least one significant mesomeric contributor (resonance form).

New!!: Alkaloid and Carbanion · See more »

Carbon

Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.

New!!: Alkaloid and Carbon · See more »

Carbonyl group

In organic chemistry, a carbonyl group is a functional group composed of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom: C.

New!!: Alkaloid and Carbonyl group · See more »

Carpaine

Carpaine is one of the major alkaloid components of papaya leaves which has been studied for its cardiovascular effects.

New!!: Alkaloid and Carpaine · See more »

Castanospermine

Castanospermine is an indolizidine alkaloid first isolated from the seeds of Castanospermum australe.

New!!: Alkaloid and Castanospermine · See more »

Catecholamine

A catecholamine (CA) is a monoamine, an organic compound that has a catechol (benzene with two hydroxyl side groups at carbons 1 and 2) and a side-chain amine.

New!!: Alkaloid and Catecholamine · See more »

Catharanthine

Catharanthine is a terpene indole alkaloid produced by the medicinal plant Catharanthus roseus.

New!!: Alkaloid and Catharanthine · See more »

Catharanthus roseus

Catharanthus roseus, commonly known as the Madagascar periwinkle, rose periwinkle, or rosy periwinkle, is a species of flowering plant in the dogbane family Apocynaceae.

New!!: Alkaloid and Catharanthus roseus · See more »

Cathinone

Cathinone (also known as benzoylethanamine, or β-keto-amphetamine) is a monoamine alkaloid found in the shrub Catha edulis (khat) and is chemically similar to ephedrine, cathine, methcathinone and other amphetamines.

New!!: Alkaloid and Cathinone · See more »

Central nervous system

The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.

New!!: Alkaloid and Central nervous system · See more »

Chelerythrine

Chelerythrine is a benzophenanthridine alkaloid present in the plant Chelidonium majus (greater celandine).

New!!: Alkaloid and Chelerythrine · See more »

Chemical compound

A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.

New!!: Alkaloid and Chemical compound · See more »

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy (often abbreviated to chemo and sometimes CTX or CTx) is a type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapeutic agents) as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen.

New!!: Alkaloid and Chemotherapy · See more »

Chlorine

Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.

New!!: Alkaloid and Chlorine · See more »

Chloroform

Chloroform, or trichloromethane, is an organic compound with formula CHCl3.

New!!: Alkaloid and Chloroform · See more »

Cholesterol

Cholesterol (from the Ancient Greek chole- (bile) and stereos (solid), followed by the chemical suffix -ol for an alcohol) is an organic molecule.

New!!: Alkaloid and Cholesterol · See more »

Chordate

A chordate is an animal belonging to the phylum Chordata; chordates possess a notochord, a hollow dorsal nerve cord, pharyngeal slits, an endostyle, and a post-anal tail, for at least some period of their life cycle.

New!!: Alkaloid and Chordate · See more »

Chromatography

Chromatography is a laboratory technique for the separation of a mixture.

New!!: Alkaloid and Chromatography · See more »

Cinchona

Cinchona is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae containing at least 23 species of trees and shrubs.

New!!: Alkaloid and Cinchona · See more »

Cinchonine

Cinchonine is an alkaloid found in Cinchona officinalis.

New!!: Alkaloid and Cinchonine · See more »

Clinical Medicine Insights: Oncology

Clinical Medicine Insights: Oncology is a peer-reviewed open access academic journal focusing on clinical applications of oncology.

New!!: Alkaloid and Clinical Medicine Insights: Oncology · See more »

Coca

Coca is any of the four cultivated plants in the family Erythroxylaceae, native to western South America.

New!!: Alkaloid and Coca · See more »

Cocaine

Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.

New!!: Alkaloid and Cocaine · See more »

Codeine

Codeine is an opiate used to treat pain, as a cough medicine, and for diarrhea. It is typically used to treat mild to moderate degrees of pain. Greater benefit may occur when combined with paracetamol (acetaminophen) or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) such as aspirin or ibuprofen. Evidence does not support its use for acute cough suppression in children or adults. In Europe it is not recommended as a cough medicine in those under twelve years of age. It is generally taken by mouth. It typically starts working after half an hour with maximum effect at two hours. The total duration of its effects last for about four to six hours. Common side effects include vomiting, constipation, itchiness, lightheadedness, and drowsiness. Serious side effects may include breathing difficulties and addiction. It is unclear if its use in pregnancy is safe. Care should be used during breastfeeding as it may result in opiate toxicity in the baby. Its use as of 2016 is not recommended in children. Codeine works following being broken down by the liver into morphine. How quickly this occurs depends on a person's genetics. Codeine was discovered in 1832 by Pierre Jean Robiquet. In 2013 about 361,000 kilograms of codeine were produced while 249,000 kilograms were used. This makes it the most commonly taken opiate. It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system. The wholesale cost in the developing world is between 0.04 and 0.29 USD per dose as of 2014. In the United States it costs about one dollar a dose. Codeine occurs naturally and makes up about 2% of opium.

New!!: Alkaloid and Codeine · See more »

Colchicine

Colchicine is a medication most commonly used to treat gout.

New!!: Alkaloid and Colchicine · See more »

Coniine

Coniine refers to a poisonous chemical compound, an alkaloid present in and isolable from poison hemlock (Conium maculatum), where its presence has been a source of significant economic, medical, and historico-cultural interest; coniine is also produced by the yellow pitcher plant (Sarracenia flava), and fool's parsley (Aethusa cynapium).

New!!: Alkaloid and Coniine · See more »

Conium maculatum

Conium maculatum, the hemlock or poison hemlock, is a highly poisonous biennial herbaceous flowering plant in the carrot family Apiaceae, native to Europe and North Africa.

New!!: Alkaloid and Conium maculatum · See more »

Cough medicine

Cough medicines are medications used in those with coughing and related conditions.

New!!: Alkaloid and Cough medicine · See more »

CRC Press

The CRC Press, LLC is a publishing group based in the United States that specializes in producing technical books.

New!!: Alkaloid and CRC Press · See more »

Current Medicinal Chemistry

Current Medicinal Chemistry is a peer-reviewed medical journal published by Bentham Science Publishers.

New!!: Alkaloid and Current Medicinal Chemistry · See more »

Cuscohygrine

Cuscohygrine is a pyrrolidine alkaloid found in coca.

New!!: Alkaloid and Cuscohygrine · See more »

Cyclopamine

Cyclopamine (11-deoxojervine) is a naturally occurring chemical that belongs in the family of steroidal alkaloids. It is a teratogen isolated from the corn lily (Veratrum californicum) that causes fatal birth defects.

New!!: Alkaloid and Cyclopamine · See more »

Cyclopia

Cyclopia (also cyclocephaly or synophthalmia) is a rare form of holoprosencephaly and is a congenital disorder (birth defect) characterized by the failure of the embryonic prosencephalon to properly divide the orbits of the eye into two cavities.

New!!: Alkaloid and Cyclopia · See more »

Cysteine

Cysteine (symbol Cys or C) is a semi-essential proteinogenic amino acid with the formula HO2CCH(NH2)CH2SH.

New!!: Alkaloid and Cysteine · See more »

Cytisine

Cytisine, also known as baptitoxine and sophorine, is an alkaloid that occurs naturally in several plant genera, such as Laburnum and Cytisus of the family Fabaceae.

New!!: Alkaloid and Cytisine · See more »

Dauricine

Dauricine is a plant metabolite, chemically classified as a phenol, an aromatic ether, and an isoquinoline alkaloid.

New!!: Alkaloid and Dauricine · See more »

Delphinine

Delphinine is a toxic diterpenoid alkaloid found in plants from the Delphinium (larkspur) and Atragene (a clematis) genera, both in the family Ranunculaceae.

New!!: Alkaloid and Delphinine · See more »

Diethyl ether

Diethyl ether, or simply ether, is an organic compound in the ether class with the formula, sometimes abbreviated as (see Pseudoelement symbols).

New!!: Alkaloid and Diethyl ether · See more »

Dihydrocapsaicin

Dihydrocapsaicin is a capsaicinoid and analog and congener of capsaicin in chili peppers (Capsicum).

New!!: Alkaloid and Dihydrocapsaicin · See more »

Dimer (chemistry)

A dimer (di-, "two" + -mer, "parts") is an oligomer consisting of two monomers joined by bonds that can be either strong or weak, covalent or intermolecular.

New!!: Alkaloid and Dimer (chemistry) · See more »

Distillation

Distillation is the process of separating the components or substances from a liquid mixture by selective boiling and condensation.

New!!: Alkaloid and Distillation · See more »

Dopamine

Dopamine (DA, a contraction of 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine) is an organic chemical of the catecholamine and phenethylamine families that plays several important roles in the brain and body.

New!!: Alkaloid and Dopamine · See more »

Drug discovery

In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which new candidate medications are discovered.

New!!: Alkaloid and Drug discovery · See more »

Ecgonine

Ecgonine (tropane derivative) is a tropane alkaloid found naturally in coca leaves.

New!!: Alkaloid and Ecgonine · See more »

Elsevier

Elsevier is an information and analytics company and one of the world's major providers of scientific, technical, and medical information.

New!!: Alkaloid and Elsevier · See more »

Emetine

Emetine is a drug used as both an anti-protozoal and to induce vomiting.

New!!: Alkaloid and Emetine · See more »

Entheogen

An entheogen is a class of psychoactive substances that induce any type of spiritual experience aimed at development.

New!!: Alkaloid and Entheogen · See more »

Ephedra

Ephedra is a medicinal preparation from the plant Ephedra sinica.

New!!: Alkaloid and Ephedra · See more »

Ephedrine

Ephedrine is a medication and stimulant.

New!!: Alkaloid and Ephedrine · See more »

Ergoline

Ergoline derivatives comprise a diverse group of chemical compounds whose structural skeleton is the alkaloid ergoline.

New!!: Alkaloid and Ergoline · See more »

Ergotamine

Ergotamine is an ergopeptine and part of the ergot family of alkaloids; it is structurally and biochemically closely related to ergoline.

New!!: Alkaloid and Ergotamine · See more »

Erythrina

Erythrina is a genus of flowering plants in the pea family, Fabaceae.

New!!: Alkaloid and Erythrina · See more »

Ester

In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.

New!!: Alkaloid and Ester · See more »

Ethanol

Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.

New!!: Alkaloid and Ethanol · See more »

Extract

An extract is a substance made by extracting a part of a raw material, often by using a solvent such as ethanol or water.

New!!: Alkaloid and Extract · See more »

Febrifugine

Febrifugine is a quinazolinone alkaloid first isolated from the Chinese herb Dichroa febrifuga, but also found in the garden plant Hydrangea.

New!!: Alkaloid and Febrifugine · See more »

Friedrich Sertürner

Friedrich Wilhelm Adam Sertürner (19 June 1783 – 20 February 1841) was a German pharmacist.

New!!: Alkaloid and Friedrich Sertürner · See more »

Fruit

In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.

New!!: Alkaloid and Fruit · See more »

Fungus

A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.

New!!: Alkaloid and Fungus · See more »

Galantamine

Galantamine (Nivalin, Razadyne, Razadyne ER, Reminyl, Lycoremine) is used for the treatment of cognitive decline in mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease and various other memory impairments.

New!!: Alkaloid and Galantamine · See more »

Geranyl pyrophosphate

Geranyl pyrophosphate (GPP), also known as geranyl diphosphate (GDP), is an intermediate in the HMG-CoA reductase pathway used by organisms in the biosynthesis of farnesyl pyrophosphate, geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate.

New!!: Alkaloid and Geranyl pyrophosphate · See more »

Glaucine

Glaucine is an alkaloid found in several different plant species in the Papaveraceae family such as Glaucium flavum, Glaucium oxylobum and Corydalis yanhusuo, and in other plants like Croton lechleri in the family Euphorbiaceae.

New!!: Alkaloid and Glaucine · See more »

Glutamic acid

Glutamic acid (symbol Glu or E) is an α-amino acid with formula.

New!!: Alkaloid and Glutamic acid · See more »

Gout

Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis characterized by recurrent attacks of a red, tender, hot, and swollen joint.

New!!: Alkaloid and Gout · See more »

Great Soviet Encyclopedia

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (GSE; Большая советская энциклопедия, БСЭ, Bolshaya sovetskaya entsiklopediya) is one of the largest Russian-language encyclopedias, published by the Soviet state from 1926 to 1990, and again since 2002 by Russia (under the name Bolshaya Rossiyskaya entsiklopediya or Great Russian Encyclopedia).

New!!: Alkaloid and Great Soviet Encyclopedia · See more »

Hallucinogen

A hallucinogen is a psychoactive agent which can cause hallucinations, perceptual anomalies, and other substantial subjective changes in thoughts, emotion, and consciousness.

New!!: Alkaloid and Hallucinogen · See more »

Harmaline

Harmaline is a fluorescent psychoactive indole alkaloid from the group of harmala alkaloids and beta-carbolines.

New!!: Alkaloid and Harmaline · See more »

Harmine

Harmine, also known as telepathine, is a fluorescent harmala alkaloid belonging to the beta-carboline family of compounds.

New!!: Alkaloid and Harmine · See more »

Heterocyclic compound

A heterocyclic compound or ring structure is a cyclic compound that has atoms of at least two different elements as members of its ring(s).

New!!: Alkaloid and Heterocyclic compound · See more »

Histamine

Histamine is an organic nitrogenous compound involved in local immune responses, as well as regulating physiological function in the gut and acting as a neurotransmitter for the brain, spinal cord, and uterus.

New!!: Alkaloid and Histamine · See more »

Histidine

Histidine (symbol His or H) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Alkaloid and Histidine · See more »

Homer

Homer (Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is the name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature.

New!!: Alkaloid and Homer · See more »

Homoserine

Homoserine (also called isothreonine) is an α-amino acid with the chemical formula HO2CCH(NH2)CH2CH2OH.

New!!: Alkaloid and Homoserine · See more »

Hydrastine

Hydrastine is an alkaloid which was discovered in 1851 by Alfred P. Durand.

New!!: Alkaloid and Hydrastine · See more »

Hydrogen

Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.

New!!: Alkaloid and Hydrogen · See more »

Hygrine

Hygrine is a pyrrolidine alkaloid, found mainly in coca leaves (0.2%).

New!!: Alkaloid and Hygrine · See more »

Hyoscine

Hyoscine, also known as scopolamine, is a medication used to treat motion sickness and postoperative nausea and vomiting.

New!!: Alkaloid and Hyoscine · See more »

Hyoscyamine

Hyoscyamine (also known as daturine) is a tropane alkaloid.

New!!: Alkaloid and Hyoscyamine · See more »

Hyoscyamus niger

Hyoscyamus niger, commonly known as henbane, black henbane or stinking nightshade, is a poisonous plant in the family Solanaceae.

New!!: Alkaloid and Hyoscyamus niger · See more »

Ibogaine

Ibogaine is a naturally occurring psychoactive substance found in plants in the Apocynaceae family such as Tabernanthe iboga, Voacanga africana and Tabernaemontana undulata.

New!!: Alkaloid and Ibogaine · See more »

Ibogamine

Ibogamine is an alkaloid found in Tabernanthe iboga.

New!!: Alkaloid and Ibogamine · See more »

Ibotenic acid

Ibotenic acid or (S)-2-amino-2-(3-hydroxyisoxazol-5-yl)acetic acid, also referred to as ibotenate, is a chemical compound and psychoactive drug which occurs naturally in Amanita muscaria and related species of mushrooms typically found in the temperate and boreal regions of the northern hemisphere.

New!!: Alkaloid and Ibotenic acid · See more »

Imidazole

Imidazole is an organic compound with the formula C3N2H4.

New!!: Alkaloid and Imidazole · See more »

Indole

Indole is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound with formula C8H7N.

New!!: Alkaloid and Indole · See more »

Indolizidine

Indolizidine is a heterocyclic chemical compound that forms the central core of the indolizidine alkaloids such as swainsonine and castanospermine.

New!!: Alkaloid and Indolizidine · See more »

Insecticide

Insecticides are substances used to kill insects.

New!!: Alkaloid and Insecticide · See more »

Isoleucine

Isoleucine (symbol Ile or I) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Alkaloid and Isoleucine · See more »

Isoquinoline

Isoquinoline is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound.

New!!: Alkaloid and Isoquinoline · See more »

Isoxazole

Isoxazole is an azole with an oxygen atom next to the nitrogen.

New!!: Alkaloid and Isoxazole · See more »

John Wiley & Sons

John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.

New!!: Alkaloid and John Wiley & Sons · See more »

Joseph Bienaimé Caventou

Joseph Bienaimé Caventou (30 June 1795 – 5 May 1877) was a French pharmacist.

New!!: Alkaloid and Joseph Bienaimé Caventou · See more »

Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac

Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac (also Louis Joseph Gay-Lussac; 6 December 1778 – 9 May 1850) was a French chemist and physicist.

New!!: Alkaloid and Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac · See more »

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry

The Journal of Medicinal Chemistry is a peer-reviewed medical journal covering research in medicinal chemistry.

New!!: Alkaloid and Journal of Medicinal Chemistry · See more »

Lactone

Lactones are cyclic esters of hydroxycarboxylic acids, containing a 1-oxacycloalkan-2-one structure, or analogues having unsaturation or heteroatoms replacing one or more carbon atoms of the ring.

New!!: Alkaloid and Lactone · See more »

Laudanosine

Laudanosine or N-methyltetrahydropapaverine is a recognized metabolite of atracurium and cisatracurium.

New!!: Alkaloid and Laudanosine · See more »

Leucine

Leucine (symbol Leu or L) is an essential amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Alkaloid and Leucine · See more »

Liriodendron tulipifera

Liriodendron tulipifera—known as the tulip tree, American tulip tree, tulipwood, tuliptree, tulip poplar, whitewood, fiddletree, and yellow-poplar—is the North American representative of the two-species genus Liriodendron (the other member is Liriodendron chinense), and the tallest eastern hardwood.

New!!: Alkaloid and Liriodendron tulipifera · See more »

Liriodenine

Liriodenine is a bio-active isolate of the Chinese medicinal herb Zanthoxylum nitidum.

New!!: Alkaloid and Liriodenine · See more »

List of poisonous plants

Poisonous plants are those plants that produce toxins that deter herbivores from consuming them.

New!!: Alkaloid and List of poisonous plants · See more »

Loline alkaloid

A loline alkaloid is a member of the 1-aminopyrrolizidines (often referred to as lolines), which are bioactive natural products with several distinct biological and chemical features.

New!!: Alkaloid and Loline alkaloid · See more »

Lupinine

Lupinine is a quinolizidine alkaloid present in the genus Lupinus (colloquially referred to as lupins) of the flowering plant family Fabaceae.

New!!: Alkaloid and Lupinine · See more »

Lycorine

Lycorine is a toxic crystalline alkaloid found in various Amaryllidaceae species, such as the cultivated bush lily (Clivia miniata), surprise lilies (Lycoris), and daffodils (Narcissus).

New!!: Alkaloid and Lycorine · See more »

Lysergic acid

Lysergic acid, also known as D-lysergic acid and (+)-lysergic acid, is a precursor for a wide range of ergoline alkaloids that are produced by the ergot fungus and found in the seeds of Turbina corymbosa (ololiuhqui), Argyreia nervosa (Hawaiian Baby Woodrose), and Ipomoea tricolor (morning glories, tlitliltzin).

New!!: Alkaloid and Lysergic acid · See more »

Lysine

Lysine (symbol Lys or K) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Alkaloid and Lysine · See more »

Mannich reaction

The Mannich reaction is an organic reaction which consists of an amino alkylation of an acidic proton placed next to a carbonyl functional group by formaldehyde and a primary or secondary amine or ammonia.

New!!: Alkaloid and Mannich reaction · See more »

Matrine

Matrine is an alkaloid found in plants from the genus Sophora.

New!!: Alkaloid and Matrine · See more »

Mayer's reagent

Mayer's reagent is an alkaloidal precipitating reagent used for the detection of alkaloids in natural products.

New!!: Alkaloid and Mayer's reagent · See more »

Medication

A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.

New!!: Alkaloid and Medication · See more »

Mescaline

Mescaline (3,4,5-trimethoxyphenethylamine) is a naturally occurring psychedelic alkaloid of the phenethylamine class, known for its hallucinogenic effects comparable to those of LSD and psilocybin.

New!!: Alkaloid and Mescaline · See more »

Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.

New!!: Alkaloid and Mesopotamia · See more »

Metabolism

Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.

New!!: Alkaloid and Metabolism · See more »

Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine (contracted from) is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that is mainly used as a recreational drug and less commonly as a second-line treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and obesity.

New!!: Alkaloid and Methamphetamine · See more »

Methcathinone

Methcathinone (α-methylamino-propiophenone or ephedrone) (sometimes called "cat" or "jeff" or "catnip" or "intash") is a monoamine alkaloid and psychoactive stimulant, a substituted cathinone.

New!!: Alkaloid and Methcathinone · See more »

Mevalonic acid

Mevalonic acid (MVA) is a key organic compound in biochemistry; the name is a contraction of dihydroxymethylvalerolactone.

New!!: Alkaloid and Mevalonic acid · See more »

Michael reaction

The Michael reaction or Michael addition is the nucleophilic addition of a carbanion or another nucleophile to an α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compound.

New!!: Alkaloid and Michael reaction · See more »

Mitragynine

Mitragynine is an indole-based opioid-receptor agonist and the most abundant active alkaloid in the plant Mitragyna speciosa, commonly known as kratom and biak-biak.

New!!: Alkaloid and Mitragynine · See more »

Molecules (journal)

Molecules is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal that focuses on all aspects of synthetic organic chemistry and natural product chemistry.

New!!: Alkaloid and Molecules (journal) · See more »

Morpheus

Morpheus is a Greek god of dreams who appears in Ovid's Metamorphoses.

New!!: Alkaloid and Morpheus · See more »

Morphine

Morphine is a pain medication of the opiate variety which is found naturally in a number of plants and animals.

New!!: Alkaloid and Morphine · See more »

Muscarine

Muscarine, L-(+)-muscarine, or muscarin is a natural product found in certain mushrooms, particularly in Inocybe and Clitocybe species, such as the deadly C. dealbata.

New!!: Alkaloid and Muscarine · See more »

Muscimol

Muscimol (also known as agarin or pantherine) is one of the principal psychoactive constituents of Amanita muscaria and related species of mushroom.

New!!: Alkaloid and Muscimol · See more »

N,N-Dimethyltryptamine

N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (DMT or N,N-DMT) is a tryptamine molecule which occurs in many plants and animals.

New!!: Alkaloid and N,N-Dimethyltryptamine · See more »

Naloxone

Naloxone, sold under the brandname Narcan among others, is a medication used to block the effects of opioids, especially in overdose.

New!!: Alkaloid and Naloxone · See more »

Natural product

A natural product is a chemical compound or substance produced by a living organism—that is, found in nature.

New!!: Alkaloid and Natural product · See more »

Neotyphodium

Neotyphodium is a genus of endophytic fungi symbiotic with grasses.

New!!: Alkaloid and Neotyphodium · See more »

Neurotransmitter

Neurotransmitters are endogenous chemicals that enable neurotransmission.

New!!: Alkaloid and Neurotransmitter · See more »

Niacin

Niacin, also known as nicotinic acid, is an organic compound and a form of vitamin B3, an essential human nutrient.

New!!: Alkaloid and Niacin · See more »

Nicotinamide

Nicotinamide (NAA), also known as niacinamide, is a form of vitamin B3 found in food and used as a dietary supplement and medication.

New!!: Alkaloid and Nicotinamide · See more »

Nicotine

Nicotine is a potent parasympathomimetic stimulant and an alkaloid found in the nightshade family of plants.

New!!: Alkaloid and Nicotine · See more »

Nicotinic agonist

A nicotinic agonist is a drug that mimics the action of acetylcholine (ACh) at nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs).

New!!: Alkaloid and Nicotinic agonist · See more »

Nitrogen

Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.

New!!: Alkaloid and Nitrogen · See more »

Non-small-cell lung carcinoma

Non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) is any type of epithelial lung cancer other than small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC).

New!!: Alkaloid and Non-small-cell lung carcinoma · See more »

Norepinephrine

Norepinephrine (NE), also called noradrenaline (NA) or noradrenalin, is an organic chemical in the catecholamine family that functions in the brain and body as a hormone and neurotransmitter.

New!!: Alkaloid and Norepinephrine · See more »

Nornicotine

Nornicotine is an alkaloid found in various plants including Nicotiana, the tobacco plant.

New!!: Alkaloid and Nornicotine · See more »

Noscapine

Noscapine (also known as Narcotine, Nectodon, Nospen, Anarcotine and (archaic) Opiane) is a benzylisoquinoline alkaloid from plants of the poppy family, without painkilling properties.

New!!: Alkaloid and Noscapine · See more »

Nucleic acid

Nucleic acids are biopolymers, or small biomolecules, essential to all known forms of life.

New!!: Alkaloid and Nucleic acid · See more »

Nucleophilic addition

In organic chemistry, a nucleophilic addition reaction is an addition reaction where a chemical compound with an electron-deficient or electrophilic double or triple bond, a π bond, reacts with electron-rich reactant, termed a nucleophile, with disappearance of the double bond and creation of two new single, or σ, bonds.

New!!: Alkaloid and Nucleophilic addition · See more »

Nucleotide

Nucleotides are organic molecules that serve as the monomer units for forming the nucleic acid polymers deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), both of which are essential biomolecules within all life-forms on Earth.

New!!: Alkaloid and Nucleotide · See more »

Odyssey

The Odyssey (Ὀδύσσεια Odýsseia, in Classical Attic) is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer.

New!!: Alkaloid and Odyssey · See more »

Omacetaxine mepesuccinate

Omacetaxine mepesuccinate (INN, trade names Synribo or Myelostat), formerly named as homoharringtonine or HHT, is a pharmaceutical drug substance that is indicated for treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).

New!!: Alkaloid and Omacetaxine mepesuccinate · See more »

Opioid receptor

Opioid receptors are a group of inhibitory G protein-coupled receptors with opioids as ligands.

New!!: Alkaloid and Opioid receptor · See more »

Opium

Opium (poppy tears, with the scientific name: Lachryma papaveris) is the dried latex obtained from the opium poppy (scientific name: Papaver somniferum).

New!!: Alkaloid and Opium · See more »

Organic Letters

Organic Letters (usually abbreviated as Org. Lett.), is a peer-reviewed biweekly scientific journal, published since 1999 by the American Chemical Society.

New!!: Alkaloid and Organic Letters · See more »

Ornithine

Ornithine is a non-proteinogenic amino acid that plays a role in the urea cycle.

New!!: Alkaloid and Ornithine · See more »

Oxazole

Oxazole is the parent compound for a vast class of heterocyclic aromatic organic compounds.

New!!: Alkaloid and Oxazole · See more »

Oxycodone

Oxycodone, sold under brand names such as Percocet and OxyContin among many others, is an opioid medication which is used for the relief of moderate to severe pain.

New!!: Alkaloid and Oxycodone · See more »

Oxygen

Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.

New!!: Alkaloid and Oxygen · See more »

Palau'amine

Palau'amine is a toxic alkaloid compound synthesized naturally by Stylotella agminata, a species of sea sponge found in the southwest Pacific Ocean.

New!!: Alkaloid and Palau'amine · See more »

Papaver somniferum

Papaver somniferum, commonly known as the opium poppy, or breadseed poppy, is a species of flowering plant in the family Papaveraceae.

New!!: Alkaloid and Papaver somniferum · See more »

Papaverine

Papaverine (Latin papaver, "poppy") is an opium alkaloid antispasmodic drug, used primarily in the treatment of visceral spasm and vasospasm (especially those involving the intestines, heart, or brain), and occasionally in the treatment of erectile dysfunction.

New!!: Alkaloid and Papaverine · See more »

Parasympathomimetic drug

A parasympathomimetic drug, sometimes called a cholinomimetic drug, is a substance that stimulates the parasympathetic nervous system (PSNS).

New!!: Alkaloid and Parasympathomimetic drug · See more »

Pavine (molecule)

Pavine is an alkaloid found in a variety of plants in four families, Papaveraceae, Berberidaceae, Lauraceae, and Ranunculaceae.

New!!: Alkaloid and Pavine (molecule) · See more »

Peptide

Peptides (from Gr.: πεπτός, peptós "digested"; derived from πέσσειν, péssein "to digest") are short chains of amino acid monomers linked by peptide (amide) bonds.

New!!: Alkaloid and Peptide · See more »

Pesticide

Pesticides are substances that are meant to control pests, including weeds.

New!!: Alkaloid and Pesticide · See more »

Pharmacology

Pharmacology is the branch of biology concerned with the study of drug action, where a drug can be broadly defined as any man-made, natural, or endogenous (from within body) molecule which exerts a biochemical or physiological effect on the cell, tissue, organ, or organism (sometimes the word pharmacon is used as a term to encompass these endogenous and exogenous bioactive species).

New!!: Alkaloid and Pharmacology · See more »

Phenanthrene

Phenanthrene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon composed of three fused benzene rings.

New!!: Alkaloid and Phenanthrene · See more »

Phenethylamine

Phenethylamine (PEA) is an organic compound, natural monoamine alkaloid, and trace amine which acts as a central nervous system stimulant in humans.

New!!: Alkaloid and Phenethylamine · See more »

Phenylalanine

Phenylalanine (symbol Phe or F) is an α-amino acid with the formula.

New!!: Alkaloid and Phenylalanine · See more »

Phosphorus

Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.

New!!: Alkaloid and Phosphorus · See more »

Physostigmine

Physostigmine (also known as eserine from éséré, the West African name for the Calabar bean) is a highly toxic parasympathomimetic alkaloid, specifically, a reversible cholinesterase inhibitor.

New!!: Alkaloid and Physostigmine · See more »

Phytochemistry (journal)

Phytochemistry is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering pure and applied plant chemistry, plant biochemistry and molecular biology.

New!!: Alkaloid and Phytochemistry (journal) · See more »

Pierre Joseph Pelletier

No description.

New!!: Alkaloid and Pierre Joseph Pelletier · See more »

Pipecolic acid

Pipecolic acid (piperidine-2-carboxylic acid) is a small organic molecule which accumulates in pipecolic acidemia.

New!!: Alkaloid and Pipecolic acid · See more »

Piperidine

Piperidine is an organic compound with the molecular formula (CH2)5NH.

New!!: Alkaloid and Piperidine · See more »

Piperine

Piperine, along with its isomer chavicine, is the alkaloid responsible for the pungency of black pepper and long pepper.

New!!: Alkaloid and Piperine · See more »

Plant

Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.

New!!: Alkaloid and Plant · See more »

Precursor (chemistry)

In chemistry, a precursor is a compound that participates in a chemical reaction that produces another compound.

New!!: Alkaloid and Precursor (chemistry) · See more »

Proline

Proline (symbol Pro or P) is a proteinogenic amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Alkaloid and Proline · See more »

Protein

Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

New!!: Alkaloid and Protein · See more »

Protopine

Protopine is a benzylisoquinoline alkaloid occurring in opium poppy, Corydalis tubers and other plants of the family papaveraceae, like Fumaria officinalis.

New!!: Alkaloid and Protopine · See more »

Pseudoephedrine

Pseudoephedrine (PSE) is a sympathomimetic drug of the phenethylamine and amphetamine chemical classes.

New!!: Alkaloid and Pseudoephedrine · See more »

Psilocin

Psilocin (also known as 4-HO-DMT, 4-hydroxy DMT, psilocine, psilocyn, or psilotsin) is a substituted tryptamine alkaloid and a serotonergic psychedelic substance.

New!!: Alkaloid and Psilocin · See more »

Psilocybe

Psilocybe is a genus of gilled mushrooms growing worldwide.

New!!: Alkaloid and Psilocybe · See more »

Psilocybin

Psilocybin is a naturally occurring psychedelic prodrug compound produced by more than 200 species of mushrooms, collectively known as psilocybin mushrooms.

New!!: Alkaloid and Psilocybin · See more »

Psychedelic drug

Psychedelics are a class of drug whose primary action is to trigger psychedelic experiences via serotonin receptor agonism, causing thought and visual/auditory changes, and altered state of consciousness.

New!!: Alkaloid and Psychedelic drug · See more »

Psychoactive drug

A psychoactive drug, psychopharmaceutical, or psychotropic is a chemical substance that changes brain function and results in alterations in perception, mood, consciousness, cognition, or behavior.

New!!: Alkaloid and Psychoactive drug · See more »

Purine

A purine is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound that consists of a pyrimidine ring fused to an imidazole ring.

New!!: Alkaloid and Purine · See more »

Putrescine

Putrescine, or tetramethylenediamine, is a foul-smelling organic chemical compound NH2(CH2)4NH2 (1,4-diaminobutane or butanediamine) that is related to cadaverine; both are produced by the breakdown of amino acids in living and dead organisms and both are toxic in large doses.

New!!: Alkaloid and Putrescine · See more »

Pyridine

Pyridine is a basic heterocyclic organic compound with the chemical formula C5H5N.

New!!: Alkaloid and Pyridine · See more »

Pyrrolidine

Pyrrolidine, also known as tetrahydropyrrole, is an organic compound with the molecular formula (CH2)4NH.

New!!: Alkaloid and Pyrrolidine · See more »

Pyrrolizidine

Pyrrolizidine is a heterocyclic organic compound that forms the central chemical structure of a variety of alkaloids known collectively as pyrrolizidine alkaloids.

New!!: Alkaloid and Pyrrolizidine · See more »

Pyruvic acid

Pyruvic acid (CH3COCOOH) is the simplest of the alpha-keto acids, with a carboxylic acid and a ketone functional group.

New!!: Alkaloid and Pyruvic acid · See more »

Quinazoline

Quinazoline is an organic compound with the formula C8H6N2.

New!!: Alkaloid and Quinazoline · See more »

Quinidine

Quinidine is a pharmaceutical agent that acts as a class I antiarrhythmic agent (Ia) in the heart.

New!!: Alkaloid and Quinidine · See more »

Quinine

Quinine is a medication used to treat malaria and babesiosis.

New!!: Alkaloid and Quinine · See more »

Quinoline

Quinoline is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound with the chemical formula C9H7N.

New!!: Alkaloid and Quinoline · See more »

Quinolizidine

Quinolizidine (norlupinane, octahydro-2H-quinolizine) is a nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound.

New!!: Alkaloid and Quinolizidine · See more »

Rauvolfia serpentina

Rauvolfia serpentina, the Indian snakeroot or devil pepper, is a species of flower in the family Apocynaceae.

New!!: Alkaloid and Rauvolfia serpentina · See more »

Receptor antagonist

A receptor antagonist is a type of receptor ligand or drug that blocks or dampens a biological response by binding to and blocking a receptor rather than activating it like an agonist.

New!!: Alkaloid and Receptor antagonist · See more »

Recreational drug use

Recreational drug use is the use of a psychoactive drug to induce an altered state of consciousness for pleasure, by modifying the perceptions, feelings, and emotions of the user.

New!!: Alkaloid and Recreational drug use · See more »

Reserpine

Reserpine (also known by trade names Raudixin, Serpalan, Serpasil) is an indole alkaloid, Major Types Of Chemical Compounds In Plants & Animals Part II: Phenolic Compounds, Glycosides & Alkaloids. Wayne's Word: An On-Line Textbook of Natural History.

New!!: Alkaloid and Reserpine · See more »

Retronecine

Retronecine is a pyrrolizidine alkaloid found in a variety of plants in the genera Senecio and Crotalaria, and the family Boraginaceae.

New!!: Alkaloid and Retronecine · See more »

Ricinine

Ricinine is a toxic alkaloid found in the castor plant.

New!!: Alkaloid and Ricinine · See more »

Sanguinarine

Sanguinarine is a toxic polycyclic ammonium ion.

New!!: Alkaloid and Sanguinarine · See more »

Saxitoxin

Saxitoxin (STX) is a potent neurotoxin and the best-known paralytic shellfish toxin (PST).

New!!: Alkaloid and Saxitoxin · See more »

Schiff base

A Schiff base (named after Hugo Schiff) is a compound with the general structure R2C.

New!!: Alkaloid and Schiff base · See more »

Secologanin

Secologanin is a secoiridoid monoterpene synthesized from geranyl pyrophosphate in the mevalonate pathway.

New!!: Alkaloid and Secologanin · See more »

Secondary metabolite

Secondary metabolites are organic compounds that are not directly involved in the normal growth, development, or reproduction of an organism.

New!!: Alkaloid and Secondary metabolite · See more »

Seed

A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.

New!!: Alkaloid and Seed · See more »

Semisynthesis

Semisynthesis or partial chemical synthesis is a type of chemical synthesis that uses chemical compounds isolated from natural sources (e.g., microbial cell cultures or plant material) as the starting materials to produce other novel compounds with distinct chemical and medicinal properties.

New!!: Alkaloid and Semisynthesis · See more »

Serotonin

Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a monoamine neurotransmitter.

New!!: Alkaloid and Serotonin · See more »

Sesquiterpene

Sesquiterpenes are a class of terpenes that consist of three isoprene units and often have the molecular formula C15H24.

New!!: Alkaloid and Sesquiterpene · See more »

Sinomenine

Sinomenine or cocculine is an alkaloid found in the root of the climbing plant Sinomenium acutum which is native to Japan and China.

New!!: Alkaloid and Sinomenine · See more »

Sodium

Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.

New!!: Alkaloid and Sodium · See more »

Solanidine

Solanidine is a poisonous steroidal alkaloid chemical compound that occurs in plants of the Solanaceae family, such as potato and Solanum americanum.

New!!: Alkaloid and Solanidine · See more »

Solvent

A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.

New!!: Alkaloid and Solvent · See more »

South America

South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.

New!!: Alkaloid and South America · See more »

Sparteine

Sparteine is a class 1a antiarrhythmic agent; a sodium channel blocker.

New!!: Alkaloid and Sparteine · See more »

Spectroscopy

Spectroscopy is the study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation.

New!!: Alkaloid and Spectroscopy · See more »

Spermidine

Spermidine is a polyamine compound found in ribosomes and living tissues, and having various metabolic functions within organisms.

New!!: Alkaloid and Spermidine · See more »

Spermine

Spermine is a polyamine involved in cellular metabolism found in all eukaryotic cells.

New!!: Alkaloid and Spermine · See more »

Springer Science+Business Media

Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.

New!!: Alkaloid and Springer Science+Business Media · See more »

Steroid

A steroid is a biologically active organic compound with four rings arranged in a specific molecular configuration.

New!!: Alkaloid and Steroid · See more »

Stimulant

Stimulants (also often referred to as psychostimulants or colloquially as uppers) is an overarching term that covers many drugs including those that increase activity of the central nervous system and the body, drugs that are pleasurable and invigorating, or drugs that have sympathomimetic effects.

New!!: Alkaloid and Stimulant · See more »

Strictosidine

Strictosidine is formed by the Pictet–Spengler reaction condensation of tryptamine with secologanin by the enzyme strictosidine synthase.

New!!: Alkaloid and Strictosidine · See more »

Strychnine

Strychnine (also or) is a highly toxic, colorless, bitter, crystalline alkaloid used as a pesticide, particularly for killing small vertebrates such as birds and rodents.

New!!: Alkaloid and Strychnine · See more »

Strychnos nux-vomica

Strychnos nux-vomica, the strychnine tree, also known as nux vomica, poison nut, semen strychnos, and quaker buttons, is a deciduous tree native to India, and southeast Asia.

New!!: Alkaloid and Strychnos nux-vomica · See more »

Sulfur

Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.

New!!: Alkaloid and Sulfur · See more »

Swainsonine

Swainsonine is an indolizidine alkaloid.

New!!: Alkaloid and Swainsonine · See more »

Tabernanthe iboga

Tabernanthe iboga or simply iboga is a perennial rainforest shrub and psychedelic, native to western Central Africa.

New!!: Alkaloid and Tabernanthe iboga · See more »

Terpene

Terpenes are a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants, particularly conifers, and by some insects.

New!!: Alkaloid and Terpene · See more »

Tetramer

A tetramer (tetra-, "four" + -mer, "parts") is an oligomer formed from four monomers or subunits.

New!!: Alkaloid and Tetramer · See more »

Theacrine

Theacrine, also known as 1,3,7,9-tetramethyluric acid, is a purine alkaloid found in Cupuaçu (Theobroma grandiflorum) and in a Chinese tea known as kucha (Camellia assamica var. kucha).

New!!: Alkaloid and Theacrine · See more »

Thebaine

Thebaine (paramorphine), also known as codeine methyl enol ether, is an opiate alkaloid, its name coming from the Greek Θῆβαι, Thēbai (Thebes), an ancient city in Upper Egypt.

New!!: Alkaloid and Thebaine · See more »

Theobromine

Theobromine, formerly known as xantheose, is a bitter alkaloid of the cacao plant, with the chemical formula C7H8N4O2.

New!!: Alkaloid and Theobromine · See more »

Theophylline

Theophylline, also known as 1,3-dimethylxanthine, is a methylxanthine drug used in therapy for respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma under a variety of brand names.

New!!: Alkaloid and Theophylline · See more »

Thiazole

Thiazole, or 1,3-thiazole, is a heterocyclic compound that contains both sulfur and nitrogen; the term 'thiazole' also refers to a large family of derivatives.

New!!: Alkaloid and Thiazole · See more »

Toxicity

Toxicity is the degree to which a chemical substance or a particular mixture of substances can damage an organism.

New!!: Alkaloid and Toxicity · See more »

Toxiferine

Toxiferine (C-toxiferine I) is a curare toxin.

New!!: Alkaloid and Toxiferine · See more »

Traditional medicine

Traditional medicine (also known as indigenous or folk medicine) comprises medical aspects of traditional knowledge that developed over generations within various societies before the era of modern medicine.

New!!: Alkaloid and Traditional medicine · See more »

Transamination

Transamination, a chemical reaction that transfers an amino group to a ketoacid to form new amino acids.

New!!: Alkaloid and Transamination · See more »

Trigonelline

Trigonelline is an alkaloid with chemical formula 772.

New!!: Alkaloid and Trigonelline · See more »

Trimer (chemistry)

In chemistry, a trimer is a molecule or an anion formed by combination or association of three molecules or ions of the same substance.

New!!: Alkaloid and Trimer (chemistry) · See more »

Tropane

Tropane is a nitrogenous bicyclic organic compound.

New!!: Alkaloid and Tropane · See more »

Tryptamine

Tryptamine is a monoamine alkaloid.

New!!: Alkaloid and Tryptamine · See more »

Tryptophan

Tryptophan (symbol Trp or W) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Alkaloid and Tryptophan · See more »

Tubocurarine chloride

Tubocurarine (also known as d-tubocurarine or DTC) is a toxic alkaloid historically known for its use as an arrow poison.

New!!: Alkaloid and Tubocurarine chloride · See more »

Tyramine

Tyramine (also spelled tyramin), also known by several other names is a naturally occurring trace amine derived from the amino acid tyrosine.

New!!: Alkaloid and Tyramine · See more »

Tyrosine

Tyrosine (symbol Tyr or Y) or 4-hydroxyphenylalanine is one of the 20 standard amino acids that are used by cells to synthesize proteins.

New!!: Alkaloid and Tyrosine · See more »

Urea

Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound with chemical formula CO(NH2)2.

New!!: Alkaloid and Urea · See more »

Uterotonic

A uterotonic, also known as ecbolic, is an agent used to induce contraction or greater tonicity of the uterus.

New!!: Alkaloid and Uterotonic · See more »

Utetheisa ornatrix

The bella moth, ornate moth or rattlebox moth is a moth of the Arctiidae family.

New!!: Alkaloid and Utetheisa ornatrix · See more »

Valine

Valine (symbol Val or V) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

New!!: Alkaloid and Valine · See more »

Vanillylamine

Vanillylamine is an alkaloid that is an intermediate in the biosynthesis of capsaicin.

New!!: Alkaloid and Vanillylamine · See more »

Vascular plant

Vascular plants (from Latin vasculum: duct), also known as tracheophytes (from the equivalent Greek term trachea) and also higher plants, form a large group of plants (c. 308,312 accepted known species) that are defined as those land plants that have lignified tissues (the xylem) for conducting water and minerals throughout the plant.

New!!: Alkaloid and Vascular plant · See more »

Vasoconstriction

Vasoconstriction is the narrowing of the blood vessels resulting from contraction of the muscular wall of the vessels, in particular the large arteries and small arterioles.

New!!: Alkaloid and Vasoconstriction · See more »

Vasodilation

Vasodilation is the widening of blood vessels.

New!!: Alkaloid and Vasodilation · See more »

Veratrum californicum

Veratrum californicum (California corn lily, white or California false hellebore) is a poisonous plant native to mountain meadows at 3500 to 11,000 ft elevation in southwestern North America, the Sierra Nevada and Rocky Mountains, and as far north as Alaska and as far south as Durango.

New!!: Alkaloid and Veratrum californicum · See more »

Villalstonine

Villalstonine is a bisindole isolate of Alstonia with anticancer and antiplasmodial activities.

New!!: Alkaloid and Villalstonine · See more »

Vinblastine

Vinblastine is a chemotherapy medication, typically used with other medications, to treat a number of types of cancer.

New!!: Alkaloid and Vinblastine · See more »

Vinca

Vinca (Latin: vincire "to bind, fetter") is a genus of flowering plants in the family Apocynaceae, native to Europe, northwest Africa and southwest Asia.

New!!: Alkaloid and Vinca · See more »

Vinca alkaloid

Vinca alkaloids are a set of anti-mitotic and anti-microtubule alkaloid agents originally derived from the periwinkle plant Catharanthus roseus (basionym Vinca rosea) and other vinca plants.

New!!: Alkaloid and Vinca alkaloid · See more »

Vincamine

Vincamine is a monoterpenoid indole alkaloid found in the leaves of Vinca minor (lesser periwinkle), comprising about 25-65% of the indole alkaloids found in Vinca minor by weight.

New!!: Alkaloid and Vincamine · See more »

Vincristine

Vincristine, also known as leurocristine and marketed under the brandname Oncovin among others, is a chemotherapy medication used to treat a number of types of cancer. This includes acute lymphocytic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, Hodgkin's disease, neuroblastoma, and small cell lung cancer among others. It is given intravenously. Most people experience some side effects from vincristine treatment. Commonly it causes a change in sensation, hair loss, constipation, difficulty walking, and headaches. Serious side effects may include neuropathic pain, lung damage, or low blood white cells. It will likely cause harm to the baby if given during pregnancy. It works by stopping cells from dividing properly. Vincristine was first isolated in 1961. It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system. The wholesale cost in the developing world is between 1.80 and 42.60 USD per dose. It is a vinca alkaloid that can be obtained from the Madagascar periwinkle Catharanthus roseus.

New!!: Alkaloid and Vincristine · See more »

Vindoline

Vindoline is a chemical precursor to vinblastine.

New!!: Alkaloid and Vindoline · See more »

Vinorelbine

Vinorelbine (NVB), sold under the brand name Navelbine among others, is a chemotherapy medication used to treat a number of types of cancer.

New!!: Alkaloid and Vinorelbine · See more »

Voacamine

Voacamine, also known under the older names voacanginine and vocamine, is a naturally occurring dimeric indole alkaloid of the secologanin type, found in a number of plants, including Voacanga africana.

New!!: Alkaloid and Voacamine · See more »

Voacangine

Voacangine (12-methoxyibogamine-18-carboxylic acid methyl ester) is an alkaloid found predominantly in the rootbark of the Voacanga africana tree, as well as in other plants such as Tabernanthe iboga, Tabernaemontana africana, Trachelospermum jasminoides and Ervatamia yunnanensis.

New!!: Alkaloid and Voacangine · See more »

Vomiting

Vomiting, also known as emesis, puking, barfing, throwing up, among other terms, is the involuntary, forceful expulsion of the contents of one's stomach through the mouth and sometimes the nose.

New!!: Alkaloid and Vomiting · See more »

Xanthine

Xanthine (or; archaically xanthic acid) (3,7-dihydropurine-2,6-dione), is a purine base found in most human body tissues and fluids and in other organisms.

New!!: Alkaloid and Xanthine · See more »

Xanthosine

Xanthosine is a nucleoside derived from xanthine and ribose.

New!!: Alkaloid and Xanthosine · See more »

Yohimbine

Yohimbine is an indole alkaloid derived from the bark of the Pausinystalia yohimbe tree in Central Africa.

New!!: Alkaloid and Yohimbine · See more »

1,2-Dichloroethane

The chemical compound 1,2-dichloroethane commonly known as ethylene dichloride (EDC), is a chlorinated hydrocarbon.

New!!: Alkaloid and 1,2-Dichloroethane · See more »

1-Deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate

1-Deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate is an intermediate in the non-mevalonate pathway.

New!!: Alkaloid and 1-Deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate · See more »

2-Quinolone

2-Quinolone is an organic compound related structurally to quinoline.

New!!: Alkaloid and 2-Quinolone · See more »

4-Quinolone

4-Quinolone is an organic compound derived from quinoline.

New!!: Alkaloid and 4-Quinolone · See more »

Redirects here:

Alkaloids, Purine alkaloid.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alkaloid

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »