206 relations: Acid, Addition reaction, Alcohol, Aldehyde, Alkane, Alkene, Alkylation, Alkyne, Alloy, Allyl group, Alpha-olefin, Amine, Amine oxide, Ammonia, Annulene, Aromatic hydrocarbon, Aromaticity, Atom, Atomic orbital, Bamford–Stevens reaction, Barton–Kellogg reaction, Bond length, Boord olefin synthesis, Bredt's rule, Bromine, Bromine number, Butene, Cahn–Ingold–Prelog priority rules, Carbanion, Carbometalation, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carboxylic acid, Catalysis, Catalytic reforming, Chemical Reviews, Chlorine, Chugaev elimination, Cis–trans isomerism, Cobalt, Conjugated system, Cope reaction, Cope rearrangement, Covalent bond, Cracking (chemistry), Cycloaddition, Cycloalkene, Cycloheptene, Cyclohexene, Cyclooctadiene, ..., Cyclooctene, Cyclopentadiene, Cyclopropanation, Dehydration reaction, Dehydrogenation, Dehydrohalogenation, Dendralene, Dichlorocarbene, Diels–Alder reaction, Diene, Dihedral angle, Diol, Double bond, E-Z notation, Electron, Electrophilic addition, Electrophilic halogenation, Elimination reaction, Ene reaction, Entropy, Epoxide, Ester pyrolysis, Ethane, Ethanol, Ethylene, Free-radical addition, Functional group, Grieco elimination, Haloalkane, Halogen addition reaction, Halogenation, Halohydrin, Hofmann elimination, Homologous series, Hydration reaction, Hydroacylation, Hydroamination, Hydroboration–oxidation reaction, Hydrobromic acid, Hydrocarbon, Hydroformylation, Hydrogen, Hydrogen chloride, Hydrogen halide, Hydrogen iodide, Hydrogenation, Hydrohalogenation, Hydrophosphination, Hydrovinylation, Hydroxyl radical, Hydroxylation, Intermolecular force, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Iodine value, Isomer, Isoprene, IUPAC nomenclature of chemistry, Joule, Julia olefination, Ketone, Ligand, Lindlar catalyst, Markovnikov's rule, McGraw-Hill Education, McMurry reaction, Methylene blue, Mole (unit), Molecular geometry, Molecular mass, Monomer, Mukaiyama hydration, Muscone, Naphtha, Natural-gas condensate, Nickel, Nitroalkene, Norbornadiene, Olefin metathesis, Orbital hybridisation, Organic chemistry, Organic compound, Organic peroxide, Organic redox reaction, Organometallic chemistry, Osmium tetroxide, Oxidizing agent, Oxygen, Oxymercuration reaction, Ozonolysis, Palladium, Paternò–Büchi reaction, Pauson–Khand reaction, Pericyclic reaction, Peroxide, Peroxy acid, Peterson olefination, Petrochemical industry, Phenyl group, Photochemistry, Photosensitizer, Pi bond, Picometre, Platinum, Polyene, Polyethylene, Polymer, Polymerization, Polyolefin, Polypropylene, Potassium permanganate, Prentice Hall, Prins reaction, Propene, Pure and Applied Chemistry, Pyramidal alkene, Radialene, Radical (chemistry), Radical polymerization, Ramberg–Bäcklund reaction, Raney nickel, Rearrangement reaction, Shapiro reaction, Sharpless asymmetric dihydroxylation, Sigma bond, Simmons–Smith reaction, Singlet oxygen, Sodium, Sodium methoxide, State of matter, Stereoselectivity, Substituent, Sulfone, Sulfuric acid, Superoxide, Takai olefination, Tebbe's reagent, Titanium, Tosyl, Transition metal alkene complex, Triethylaluminium, Triflate, Trigonal planar molecular geometry, Triphenylphosphine, Triphenylphosphine oxide, Unsaturated hydrocarbon, Van der Waals strain, Vicinal (chemistry), Vinyl group, VSEPR theory, Wittig reaction, Woodward cis-hydroxylation, Xanthate, Zaitsev's rule, Zeise's salt, Zeolite, 1,3-Butadiene. Expand index (156 more) » « Shrink index
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).
An addition reaction, in organic chemistry, is in its simplest terms an organic reaction where two or more molecules combine to form the larger one (the adduct).
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure −CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain.
In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.
In organic chemistry, an alkene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon–carbon double bond.
Alkylation is the transfer of an alkyl group from one molecule to another.
In organic chemistry, an alkyne is an unsaturated hydrocarbon containing at least one carbon—carbon triple bond.
An alloy is a combination of metals or of a metal and another element.
An allyl group is a substituent with the structural formula H2C.
Alpha-olefins (or α-olefins) are a family of organic compounds which are alkenes (also known as olefins) with a chemical formula CxH2x, distinguished by having a double bond at the primary or alpha (α) position.
In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.
An amine oxide, also known as amine-N-oxide and N-oxide, is a chemical compound that contains the functional group R3N+−O−, an N−O coordinate covalent bond with three additional hydrogen and/or hydrocarbon side chains attached to N. Sometimes it is written as R3N→O or, wrongly, as R3N.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
Annulenes are completely conjugated monocyclic hydrocarbons.
An aromatic hydrocarbon or arene (or sometimes aryl hydrocarbon) is a hydrocarbon with sigma bonds and delocalized pi electrons between carbon atoms forming a circle.
In organic chemistry, the term aromaticity is used to describe a cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) molecule with a ring of resonance bonds that exhibits more stability than other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms.
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element.
In quantum mechanics, an atomic orbital is a mathematical function that describes the wave-like behavior of either one electron or a pair of electrons in an atom.
The Bamford–Stevens reaction is a chemical reaction whereby treatment of tosylhydrazones with strong base gives alkenes.
The Barton–Kellogg reaction is a coupling reaction between a diazo compound and a thioketone through an episulfide intermediate forming an alkene.
In molecular geometry, bond length or bond distance is the average distance between nuclei of two bonded atoms in a molecule.
The Boord olefin synthesis is an organic reaction forming alkenes from ethers carrying a halogen atom 2 carbons removed from the oxygen atom (β-halo-ethers) using a metal such as magnesium or zinc.
Bredt's rule is an empirical observation in organic chemistry that states that a double bond cannot be placed at the bridgehead of a bridged ring system, unless the rings are large enough.
Bromine is a chemical element with symbol Br and atomic number 35.
Bromine number is the amount of bromine in grams absorbed by of a sample.
Butene, also known as butylene, is a series of alkenes with the general formula C4H8.
The Cahn–Ingold–Prelog (CIP) sequence rules, named for organic chemists Robert Sidney Cahn, Christopher Kelk Ingold, and Vladimir Prelog — alternatively termed the CIP priority rules, system, or conventions — are a standard process used in organic chemistry to completely and unequivocally name a stereoisomer of a molecule.
A carbanion is an anion in which carbon is threevalent (forms three bonds) and bears a formal negative charge in at least one significant mesomeric contributor (resonance form).
Carbometalation (less often carbometallation) is an organometallic reaction involving the insertion of alkenes and alkynes into a metal-carbon bond.
Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
Catalytic reforming is a chemical process used to convert petroleum refinery naphthas distilled from crude oil (typically having low octane ratings) into high-octane liquid products called reformates, which are premium blending stocks for high-octane gasoline.
Chemical Reviews is peer-reviewed scientific journal published twice per month by the American Chemical Society.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
The Chugaev elimination is a chemical reaction that involves the elimination of water from alcohols to produce alkenes.
Cis–trans isomerism, also known as geometric isomerism or configurational isomerism, is a term used in organic chemistry.
Cobalt is a chemical element with symbol Co and atomic number 27.
In chemistry, a conjugated system is a system of connected p-orbitals with delocalized electrons in molecules which are conventionally represented as having alternating single and multiple bonds, which in general may lower the overall energy of the molecule and increase stability.
The Cope reaction or Cope elimination, developed by Arthur C. Cope, is an elimination reaction of the N-oxide of a tertiary amine to form an alkene and a hydroxylamine.
The Cope rearrangement is an extensively studied organic reaction involving the 3,3-sigmatropic rearrangement of 1,5-dienes.
A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.
In petrochemistry, petroleum geology and organic chemistry, cracking is the process whereby complex organic molecules such as kerogens or long-chain hydrocarbons are broken down into simpler molecules such as light hydrocarbons, by the breaking of carbon-carbon bonds in the precursors.
A cycloaddition is a pericyclic chemical reaction, in which "two or more unsaturated molecules (or parts of the same molecule) combine with the formation of a cyclic adduct in which there is a net reduction of the bond multiplicity." The resulting reaction is a cyclization reaction.
A cycloalkene or cycloolefin is a type of alkene hydrocarbon which contains a closed ring of carbon atoms, but has no aromatic character.
Cycloheptene is a 7-membered cycloalkene with a flash point of −6.7 °C.
Cyclohexene is a hydrocarbon with the formula C6H10.
A cyclooctadiene (sometimes abbreviated COD) is any of several cyclic diene with the formula (CH2)4(C2H2)2.
Cyclooctene is a cycloalkene with an eight-membered ring.
Cyclopentadiene is an organic compound with the formula C5H6.
Cyclopropanation refers to any chemical process which generates cyclopropane rings.
In chemistry and the biological sciences, a dehydration reaction, also known as Zimmer's hydrogenesis, is a chemical reaction that involves the loss of a water molecule from the reacting molecule.
Dehydrogenation is a chemical reaction that involves the removal of hydrogen from an organic molecule.
Dehydrohalogenation is a chemical reaction that involves removal of (elimination of) a hydrogen halide from a substrate.
A dendralene is a discrete acyclic cross-conjugated polyene.
Dichlorocarbene is the reactive intermediate with chemical formula CCl2.
The Diels–Alder reaction is an organic chemical reaction (specifically, a cycloaddition) between a conjugated diene and a substituted alkene, commonly termed the dienophile, to form a substituted cyclohexene derivative.
In organic chemistry a diene or diolefin is a hydrocarbon that contains two carbon double bonds.
A dihedral angle is the angle between two intersecting planes.
A diol or glycol is a chemical compound containing two hydroxyl groups (−OH groups).
A double bond in chemistry is a chemical bond between two chemical elements involving four bonding electrons instead of the usual two.
E-Z configuration, or the E-Z convention, is the IUPAC preferred method of describing the absolute stereochemistry of double bonds in organic chemistry.
The electron is a subatomic particle, symbol or, whose electric charge is negative one elementary charge.
In organic chemistry, an electrophilic addition reaction is an addition reaction where, in a chemical compound, a π bond is broken and two new σ bonds are formed.
In organic chemistry, an electrophilic aromatic halogenation is a type of electrophilic aromatic substitution.
An elimination reaction is a type of organic reaction in which two substituents are removed from a molecule in either a one or two-step mechanism.
The ene reaction (also known as the Alder-ene reaction) is a chemical reaction between an alkene with an allylic hydrogen (the ene) and a compound containing a multiple bond (the enophile), in order to form a new σ-bond with migration of the ene double bond and 1,5 hydrogen shift.
In statistical mechanics, entropy is an extensive property of a thermodynamic system.
An epoxide is a cyclic ether with a three-atom ring.
Ester pyrolysis in organic chemistry is a vacuum pyrolysis reaction converting esters containing a β-hydrogen atom into the corresponding carboxylic acid and the alkene.
Ethane is an organic chemical compound with chemical formula.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is a hydrocarbon which has the formula or H2C.
Free-radical addition is an addition reaction in organic chemistry involving free radicals.
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.
The Grieco elimination is an organic reaction describing the elimination reaction of an aliphatic primary alcohol through a selenide to a terminal alkene.
The haloalkanes (also known as halogenoalkanes or alkyl halides) are a group of chemical compounds derived from alkanes containing one or more halogens.
A halogen addition reaction is a simple organic reaction where a halogen molecule is added to the carbon–carbon double bond of an alkene functional group.
Halogenation is a chemical reaction that involves the addition of one or more halogens to a compound or material.
In organic chemistry a halohydrin (also a haloalcohol or β-halo alcohol) is a functional group in which a halogen and a hydroxyl are bonded to adjacent carbon atoms, which otherwise bear only hydrogen or hydrocarbyl groups (e.g. 2-chloroethanol, 3-chloropropane-1,2-diol).
Hofmann elimination, also known as exhaustive methylation, is a process where a quaternary ammonium reacts to create a Tertiary amine and an alkene by treatment with excess methyl iodide followed by treatment with silver oxide, water, and heat.
In organic chemistry, a homologous series is a series of compounds with the same functional group and similar chemical properties.
In chemistry, a hydration reaction is a chemical reaction in which a substance combines with water.
Hydroacylation is a type of organic reaction in which an alkene is inserted into the a formyl C-H bond.
Hydroamination is the addition of an N-H bond of an amine across a carbon-carbon multiple bond of an alkene, alkyne, diene, or allene.
In organic chemistry, the hydroboration–oxidation reaction is a two-step organic reaction that converts an alkene into a neutral alcohol by the net addition of water across the double bond.
Hydrobromic acid is a strong acid formed by dissolving the diatomic molecule hydrogen bromide (HBr) in water.
In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
Hydroformylation, also known as oxo synthesis or oxo process, is an industrial process for the production of aldehydes from alkenes.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
The compound hydrogen chloride has the chemical formula and as such is a hydrogen halide.
Hydrogen halides are diatomic inorganic compounds with the formula HX where X is one of the halogens: fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, or astatine.
Hydrogen iodide is a diatomic molecule and hydrogen halide.
Hydrogenation – to treat with hydrogen – is a chemical reaction between molecular hydrogen (H2) and another compound or element, usually in the presence of a catalyst such as nickel, palladium or platinum.
A hydrohalogenation reaction is the electrophilic addition of hydrohalic acids like hydrogen chloride or hydrogen bromide to alkenes to yield the corresponding haloalkanes.
Hydrophosphination is the addition of a phosphorus-hydrogen bond across a carbon-carbon multiple bond (Scheme 1) forming a new phosphorus-carbon bond.
In organic chemistry, hydrovinylation is the formal insertion of an alkene into the C-H bond of ethylene.
The hydroxyl radical, •OH, is the neutral form of the hydroxide ion (OH−).
Hydroxylation is a chemical process that introduces a hydroxyl group (-OH) into an organic compound.
Intermolecular forces (IMF) are the forces which mediate interaction between molecules, including forces of attraction or repulsion which act between molecules and other types of neighboring particles, e.g., atoms or ions.
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is an international federation of National Adhering Organizations that represents chemists in individual countries.
The iodine value (or iodine adsorption value or iodine number or iodine index) in chemistry is the mass of iodine in grams that is consumed by 100 grams of a chemical substance.
An isomer (from Greek ἰσομερής, isomerès; isos.
Isoprene, or 2-methyl-1,3-butadiene, is a common organic compound with the formula CH2.
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) has published four sets of rules to standardize chemical nomenclature.
The joule (symbol: J) is a derived unit of energy in the International System of Units.
The Julia olefination (also known as the Julia–Lythgoe olefination) is the chemical reaction used in organic chemistry of phenyl sulfones (1) with aldehydes (or ketones) to give alkenes (3) after alcohol functionalization and reductive elimination using sodium amalgam or SmI2.
In chemistry, a ketone (alkanone) is an organic compound with the structure RC(.
In coordination chemistry, a ligand is an ion or molecule (functional group) that binds to a central metal atom to form a coordination complex.
A Lindlar catalyst is a heterogeneous catalyst that consists of palladium deposited on calcium carbonate which is then poisoned with various forms of lead or sulphur.
In organic chemistry, Markovnikov's rule or Markownikoff's rule describes the outcome of some addition reactions.
McGraw-Hill Education (MHE) is a learning science company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, software, and services for pre-K through postgraduate education.
The McMurry reaction is an organic reaction in which two ketone or aldehyde groups are coupled to an alkene using a titanium chloride compound such as titanium(III) chloride and a reducing agent.
Methylene blue, also known as methylthioninium chloride, is a medication and dye.
The mole, symbol mol, is the SI unit of amount of substance.
Molecular geometry is the three-dimensional arrangement of the atoms that constitute a molecule.
Relative Molecular mass or molecular weight is the mass of a molecule.
A monomer (mono-, "one" + -mer, "part") is a molecule that "can undergo polymerization thereby contributing constitutional units to the essential structure of a macromolecule".
The Mukaiyama hydration is an organic reaction involving formal addition of an equivalent of water across an olefin by the action of catalytic bis(acetylacetonato)cobalt(II) complex, phenylsilane and atmospheric oxygen to produce an alcohol with Markovnikov selectivity.
Muscone is an organic compound that is the primary contributor to the odor of musk.
Naphtha is a flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixture.
Natural-gas condensate is a low-density mixture of hydrocarbon liquids that are present as gaseous components in the raw natural gas produced from many natural gas fields.
Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.
A nitroalkene, or nitro olefin, is a functional group combining the functionality of its constituent parts, an alkene and nitro group, while displaying its own chemical properties through alkene activation, making the functional group useful in specialty reactions such as the Michael reaction or Diels-Alder additions.
Norbornadiene is a bicyclic hydrocarbon and an organic compound.
Olefin metathesis is an organic reaction that entails the redistribution of fragments of alkenes (olefins) by the scission and regeneration of carbon-carbon double bonds.
In chemistry, orbital hybridisation (or hybridization) is the concept of mixing atomic orbitals into new hybrid orbitals (with different energies, shapes, etc., than the component atomic orbitals) suitable for the pairing of electrons to form chemical bonds in valence bond theory.
Organic chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Organic peroxides are organic compounds containing the peroxide functional group (ROOR′).
Organic reductions or organic oxidations or organic redox reactions are redox reactions that take place with organic compounds.
Organometallic chemistry is the study of organometallic compounds, chemical compounds containing at least one chemical bond between a carbon atom of an organic molecule and a metal, including alkaline, alkaline earth, and transition metals, and sometimes broadened to include metalloids like boron, silicon, and tin, as well.
Osmium tetroxide (also osmium(VIII) oxide) is the chemical compound with the formula OsO4.
In chemistry, an oxidizing agent (oxidant, oxidizer) is a substance that has the ability to oxidize other substances — in other words to cause them to lose electrons.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
The oxymercuration reaction is an electrophilic addition organic reaction that transforms an alkene into a neutral alcohol.
Ozonolysis is an organic reaction where the unsaturated bonds of alkenes, alkynes, or azo compounds are cleaved with ozone.
Palladium is a chemical element with symbol Pd and atomic number 46.
The Paternò–Büchi reaction, named after Emanuele Paternò and George Büchi who established its basic utility and form, is a photochemical reaction that forms four-membered oxetane rings from a carbonyl and an alkene.
The Pauson–Khand reaction (or PKR or PK-type reaction) is a chemical reaction described as a cycloaddition between an alkyne, an alkene and carbon monoxide to form a α,β-cyclopentenone.
In organic chemistry, a pericyclic reaction is a type of organic reaction wherein the transition state of the molecule has a cyclic geometry, the reaction progresses in a concerted fashion, and the bond orbitals involved in the reaction overlap in a continuous cycle at the transition state.
Peroxide is a compound with the structure R-O-O-R. The O−O group in a peroxide is called the peroxide group or peroxo group.
A peroxy acid (often spelled as one word, peroxyacid, and sometimes called peracid) is an acid which contains an acidic –OOH group.
The Peterson olefination (also called the Peterson reaction) is the chemical reaction of α-silyl carbanions (1 in diagram below) with ketones (or aldehydes) to form a β-hydroxysilane (2) which eliminates to form alkenes (3).
The petrochemical industry is concerned with the production and trade of petrochemicals.
In organic chemistry, the phenyl group or phenyl ring is a cyclic group of atoms with the formula C6H5.
Photochemistry is the branch of chemistry concerned with the chemical effects of light.
A photosensitizer is a molecule that produces a chemical change in another molecule in a photochemical process.
In chemistry, pi bonds (π bonds) are covalent chemical bonds where two lobes of an orbital on one atom overlap two lobes of an orbital on another atom.
The picometre (international spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: pm) or picometer (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to, or one trillionth of a metre, which is the SI base unit of length.
Platinum is a chemical element with symbol Pt and atomic number 78.
Polyenes are poly-unsaturated organic compounds that contain at least three alternating double and single carbon–carbon bonds.
Polyethylene or polythene (abbreviated PE; IUPAC name polyethene or poly(ethylene)) is the most common plastic.
A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.
In polymer chemistry, polymerization is a process of reacting monomer molecules together in a chemical reaction to form polymer chains or three-dimensional networks.
A polyolefin is any of a class of polymers produced from a simple olefin (also called an alkene with the general formula CnH2n) as a monomer.
Polypropylene (PP), also known as polypropene, is a thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications.
Potassium permanganate is an inorganic chemical compound and medication.
Prentice Hall is a major educational publisher owned by Pearson plc.
The Prins reaction is an organic reaction consisting of an electrophilic addition of an aldehyde or ketone to an alkene or alkyne followed by capture of a nucleophile.
Propene, also known as propylene or methyl ethylene, is an unsaturated organic compound having the chemical formula C3H6.
Pure and Applied Chemistry (abbreviated Pure Appl. Chem.) is the official journal for the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).
Pyramidal alkenes are alkenes in which the two carbon atoms making up the double bond are not coplanar with their four substituents.
Radialenes are alicyclic organic compounds containing n cross-conjugated exocyclic double bonds.
In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has an unpaired valence electron.
Free-radical polymerization (FRP) is a method of polymerization by which a polymer forms by the successive addition of free-radical building blocks.
The Ramberg–Bäcklund reaction is an organic reaction converting an α-halo sulfone into an alkene in presence of a base with extrusion of sulfur dioxide.
Raney nickel, also called spongy nickel, is a fine-grained solid composed mostly of nickel derived from a nickel-aluminium alloy.
A rearrangement reaction is a broad class of organic reactions where the carbon skeleton of a molecule is rearranged to give a structural isomer of the original molecule.
The Shapiro reaction or tosylhydrazone decomposition is an organic reaction in which a ketone or aldehyde is converted to an alkene through an intermediate hydrazone in the presence of 2 equivalents of strong base.
Sharpless asymmetric dihydroxylation (also called the Sharpless bishydroxylation) is the chemical reaction of an alkene with osmium tetroxide in the presence of a chiral quinine ligand to form a vicinal diol.
In chemistry, sigma bonds (σ bonds) are the strongest type of covalent chemical bond.
The Simmons–Smith reaction is an organic cheletropic reaction involving an organozinc carbenoid that reacts with an alkene (or alkyne) to form a cyclopropane.
Singlet oxygen, systematically named dioxygen(singlet) and dioxidene, is a gaseous inorganic chemical with the formula O.
Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.
Sodium methoxide is a chemical compound with the formula CH3ONa.
In physics, a state of matter is one of the distinct forms in which matter can exist.
In chemistry, stereoselectivity is the property of a chemical reaction in which a single reactant forms an unequal mixture of stereoisomers during the non-stereospecific creation of a new stereocenter or during the non-stereospecific transformation of a pre-existing one.
In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a substituent is an atom or group of atoms which replaces one or more hydrogen atoms on the parent chain of a hydrocarbon, becoming a moiety of the resultant new molecule.
A sulfone is a chemical compound containing a sulfonyl functional group attached to two carbon atoms.
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.
A superoxide is a compound that contains the superoxide anion, which has the chemical formula.
Takai olefination in organic chemistry describes the organic reaction of an aldehyde with a diorganochromium compound to form an alkene.
The Tebbe reagent is the organometallic compound with the formula (C5H5)2TiCH2ClAl(CH3)2.
Titanium is a chemical element with symbol Ti and atomic number 22.
A toluenesulfonyl (shortened tosyl, abbreviated Ts or Tos) group is CH3C6H4SO2.
In organometallic chemistry, a transition metal alkene complex is a coordination compound containing one or more alkene ligands.
Triethylaluminium is an organoaluminium compound.
Triflate, also known by the systematic name trifluoromethanesulfonate, is a functional group with the formula CF3SO3−.
In chemistry, trigonal planar is a molecular geometry model with one atom at the center and three atoms at the corners of an equilateral triangle, called peripheral atoms, all in one plane.
Triphenylphosphine (IUPAC name: triphenylphosphane) is a common organophosphorus compound with the formula P(C6H5)3 - often abbreviated to PPh3 or Ph3P.
Triphenylphosphine oxide (often abbreviated TPPO) is the organophosphorus compound with the formula OP(C6H5)3, also written as Ph3PO or PPh3O (Ph.
Unsaturated hydrocarbons are hydrocarbons that have double or triple covalent bonds between adjacent carbon atoms.
In chemistry, van der Waals strain is strain resulting from van der Waals repulsion when two substituents in a molecule approach each other with a distance less than the sum of their van der Waals radii.
In chemistry the descriptor vicinal (from Latin vicinus.
In chemistry, vinyl or ethenyl is the functional group with the formula −CH.
Valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory is a model used in chemistry to predict the geometry of individual molecules from the number of electron pairs surrounding their central atoms.
The Wittig reaction or Wittig olefination is a chemical reaction of an aldehyde or ketone with a triphenyl phosphonium ylide (often called a Wittig reagent) to give an alkene and triphenylphosphine oxide.
The Woodward cis-hydroxylation (also known as the Woodward reaction) is the chemical reaction of alkenes with iodine and silver acetate in wet acetic acid to form cis-diols.
Sodium salt of ethyl xanthate Xanthate usually refers to a salt with the formula (R.
Saytzeff's rule (or Zaitsev's rule, Saytzev's rule) is an empirical rule for predicting the favored alkene product(s) in elimination reactions.
Zeise's salt, potassium trichloro(ethene)platinate(II), is the chemical compound with the formula K·H2O.
Zeolites are microporous, aluminosilicate minerals commonly used as commercial adsorbents and catalysts.
1,3-Butadiene is the organic compound with the formula (CH2.
-ene, Alkene oxidation, Alkene polymerisation, Alkene polymerization, Alkenes, Alkenyl, Carbon carbon double bond, Carbon-carbon double bond, Carbon–carbon double bond, Cyclo-olefin, Cyclo-olefins, Dehydration of alcohols to alkenes, Olefin, Olefin polymerisation, Olefin polymerization, Olefine, Olefins, RCHR, Unsaturated (hydrocarbon), Unsaturated hydrocarbons.