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Alkyl

Index Alkyl

In organic chemistry, an alkyl substituent is an alkane missing one hydrogen. [1]

55 relations: Alkane, Alkene, Alkyl, Alkylating antineoplastic agent, Alkylation, Alkyne, Aryl, Auguste André Thomas Cahours, Butyl group, Carbanion, Carbocation, Carbon, Chalcone, Chemical compound, Cycloalkane, Decyl, Dodecyl, Ether, Ethyl group, Eugène-Melchior Péligot, Flavanone, Green algae, Homologous series, Hydrocarbon, Hydrogen, Hyle, IUPAC nomenclature of chemistry, IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry, Jean-Baptiste Dumas, Johannes Wislicenus, Justus von Liebig, Lipophilicity, Mass spectrometry, Mechanistic organic photochemistry, Medicinal chemistry, Methane, Methyl group, Methylpentane, Nitrogen mustard, Organic chemistry, Organic compound, Organolithium reagent, Pentane, Pentyl group, Primary carbon, Propyl group, Quaternary carbon, Radical (chemistry), Secondary carbon, Structural formula, ..., Substituent, Superacid, Tertiary carbon, 2,3,3-Trimethylpentane, 3-Methylpentane. Expand index (5 more) »

Alkane

In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.

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Alkene

In organic chemistry, an alkene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon–carbon double bond.

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Alkyl

In organic chemistry, an alkyl substituent is an alkane missing one hydrogen.

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Alkylating antineoplastic agent

An alkylating antineoplastic agent is an alkylating agent used in cancer treatment that attaches an alkyl group (CnH2n+1) to DNA.

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Alkylation

Alkylation is the transfer of an alkyl group from one molecule to another.

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Alkyne

In organic chemistry, an alkyne is an unsaturated hydrocarbon containing at least one carbon—carbon triple bond.

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Aryl

In the context of organic molecules, aryl is any functional group or substituent derived from an aromatic ring, usually an aromatic hydrocarbon, such as phenyl and naphthyl.

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Auguste André Thomas Cahours

August André Thomas Cahours (1813-1891) was a chemist and scientist whose contribution to organic chemistry was one of the greatest in history.

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Butyl group

In organic chemistry, butyl is a four-carbon alkyl radical or substituent group with general chemical formula −C4H9, derived from either of the two isomers of butane.

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Carbanion

A carbanion is an anion in which carbon is threevalent (forms three bonds) and bears a formal negative charge in at least one significant mesomeric contributor (resonance form).

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Carbocation

A carbocation (/karbɔkətaɪː'jɔ̃/) is an ion with a positively charged carbon atom.

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Carbon

Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.

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Chalcone

Chalcone is an aromatic ketone and an enone that forms the central core for a variety of important biological compounds, which are known collectively as chalcones or chalconoids.

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Chemical compound

A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.

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Cycloalkane

In organic chemistry, the cycloalkanes (also called naphthenes, but distinct from naphthalene) are the monocyclic saturated hydrocarbons.

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Decyl

No description.

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Dodecyl

No description.

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Ether

Ethers are a class of organic compounds that contain an ether group—an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups.

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Ethyl group

In chemistry, an ethyl group is an alkyl substituent derived from ethane (C2H6).

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Eugène-Melchior Péligot

Eugène-Melchior Péligot (24 March 1811 in Paris – 15 April 1890 in Paris), also known as Eugène Péligot, was a French chemist who isolated the first sample of uranium metal in 1841.

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Flavanone

The flavanones, a type of flavonoids, are various aromatic, colorless ketones derived from flavone that often occur in plants as glycosides.

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Green algae

The green algae (singular: green alga) are a large, informal grouping of algae consisting of the Chlorophyta and Charophyta/Streptophyta, which are now placed in separate divisions, as well as the more basal Mesostigmatophyceae, Chlorokybophyceae and Spirotaenia.

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Homologous series

In organic chemistry, a homologous series is a series of compounds with the same functional group and similar chemical properties.

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Hydrocarbon

In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.

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Hydrogen

Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.

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Hyle

In philosophy, hyle (from ὕλη) refers to matter or stuff.

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IUPAC nomenclature of chemistry

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) has published four sets of rules to standardize chemical nomenclature.

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IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry

In chemical nomenclature, the IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry is a systematic method of naming organic chemical compounds as recommended by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).

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Jean-Baptiste Dumas

Jean Baptiste André Dumas (14 July 180010 April 1884) was a French chemist, best known for his works on organic analysis and synthesis, as well as the determination of atomic weights (relative atomic masses) and molecular weights by measuring vapor densities.

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Johannes Wislicenus

Johannes Wislicenus (24 June 1835 – 5 December 1902) was a German chemist, most famous for his work in early stereochemistry.

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Justus von Liebig

Justus Freiherr von Liebig (12 May 1803 – 18 April 1873) was a German chemist who made major contributions to agricultural and biological chemistry, and was considered the founder of organic chemistry.

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Lipophilicity

Lipophilicity (from Greek λίπος "fat" and φίλος "friendly"), refers to the ability of a chemical compound to dissolve in fats, oils, lipids, and non-polar solvents such as hexane or toluene.

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Mass spectrometry

Mass spectrometry (MS) is an analytical technique that ionizes chemical species and sorts the ions based on their mass-to-charge ratio.

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Mechanistic organic photochemistry

Mechanistic organic photochemistry is that aspect of organic photochemistry which seeks to explain the mechanisms of organic photochemical reactions.

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Medicinal chemistry

Medicinal chemistry and pharmaceutical chemistry are disciplines at the intersection of chemistry, especially synthetic organic chemistry, and pharmacology and various other biological specialties, where they are involved with design, chemical synthesis and development for market of pharmaceutical agents, or bio-active molecules (drugs).

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Methane

Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).

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Methyl group

A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms — CH3.

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Methylpentane

Methylpentane may refer to.

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Nitrogen mustard

Nitrogen mustards are cytotoxic chemotherapy agents derived from mustard gas.

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Organic chemistry

Organic chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.

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Organic compound

In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.

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Organolithium reagent

Organolithium reagents are organometallic compounds that contain carbon – lithium bonds.

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Pentane

Pentane is an organic compound with the formula C5H12—that is, an alkane with five carbon atoms.

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Pentyl group

In organic chemistry, pentyl is a five-carbon alkyl functional group (substituent) with chemical formula -C5H11.

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Primary carbon

A primary carbon is a carbon atom which is bound to only one other carbon atom.

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Propyl group

In organic chemistry, propyl is a three-carbon alkyl substituent with chemical formula – for the linear form.

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Quaternary carbon

A quaternary carbon is a carbon atom bound to four other carbon atoms.

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Radical (chemistry)

In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has an unpaired valence electron.

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Secondary carbon

A secondary carbon is a carbon atom bound to two other carbon atoms.

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Structural formula

The structural formula of a chemical compound is a graphic representation of the molecular structure, showing how the atoms are arranged.

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Substituent

In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a substituent is an atom or group of atoms which replaces one or more hydrogen atoms on the parent chain of a hydrocarbon, becoming a moiety of the resultant new molecule.

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Superacid

According to the classical definition, a superacid is an acid with an acidity greater than that of 100% pure sulfuric acid, which has a Hammett acidity function (H0) of −12.

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Tertiary carbon

A tertiary carbon atom is a carbon atom bound to three other carbon atoms.

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2,3,3-Trimethylpentane

2,3,3-Trimethylpentane is a chemical compound in the family of hydrocarbons which has a formula of C8H18.

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3-Methylpentane

3-Methylpentane is a branched-chain alkane with the molecular formula C6H14.

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Redirects here:

Alkyl chain, Alkyl group, Alkyl groups, Heptyl, Hexyl, Nonyl, Octyl, Undecyl.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alkyl

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