43 relations: Allomorph, Alternation (linguistics), American English, Aspirated consonant, Assimilation (phonology), Benjamin Lee Whorf, Bernard Bloch (linguist), Close central rounded vowel, Close central unrounded vowel, Close-mid back rounded vowel, Close-mid front unrounded vowel, Complementary distribution, Consonant voicing and devoicing, Diaphoneme, Dingbat, Emic unit, English language, Final-obstruent devoicing, Free variation, George L. Trager, Index of phonetics articles, Indonesian language, Lenition, Malay language, Mandarin Chinese, Mid back rounded vowel, Near-close back rounded vowel, Near-close front unrounded vowel, Obstruent, Phone (phonetics), Phoneme, Phonetic transcription, Phonological rule, Phonology, Relative articulation, Sonorant, Standard Chinese, Standard Chinese phonology, Tenuis consonant, Tone (linguistics), Turkish language, Varieties of Arabic, Word divider.
In linguistics, an allomorph is a variant form of a morpheme, that is, when a unit of meaning varies in sound without changing the meaning.
In linguistics, an alternation is the phenomenon of a morpheme exhibiting variation in its phonological realization.
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
In phonetics, aspiration is the strong burst of breath that accompanies either the release or, in the case of preaspiration, the closure of some obstruents.
In phonology, assimilation is a common phonological process by which one sound becomes more like a nearby sound.
Benjamin Lee Whorf (April 24, 1897 – July 26, 1941) was an American linguist and fire prevention engineer.
Bernard Bloch (18 June 1907, New York City, NY – 26 November 1965, New Haven, CT) was an American linguist.
The close central rounded vowel, or high central rounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
The close central unrounded vowel, or high central unrounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound used in some languages.
The close-mid back rounded vowel, or high-mid back rounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
The close-mid front unrounded vowel, or high-mid front unrounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages.
In linguistics, complementary distribution, as distinct from contrastive distribution and free variation, is the relationship between two different elements of the same kind in which one element is found in one set of environments and the other element is found in a non-intersecting (complementary) set of environments.
In phonology, voicing (or sonorization) is a sound change where a voiceless consonant becomes voiced due to the influence of its phonological environment; shift in the opposite direction is referred to as devoicing or desonorization.
A diaphoneme is an abstract phonological unit that identifies a correspondence between related sounds of two or more varieties of a language or language cluster.
In typography, a dingbat (sometimes more formally known as a printer's ornament or printer's character) is an ornament, character, or spacer used in typesetting, often employed for the creation of box frames.
In linguistics and related fields, an emic unit is a type of abstract object.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Final-obstruent devoicing or terminal devoicing is a systematic phonological process occurring in languages such as Catalan, German, Dutch, Breton, Russian, Turkish, and Wolof.
Free variation in linguistics is the phenomenon of two (or more) sounds or forms appearing in the same environment without a change in meaning and without being considered incorrect by native speakers.
George Leonard Trager (March 22, 1906 – August 31, 1992) was an American linguist.
Indonesian (bahasa Indonesia) is the official language of Indonesia.
In linguistics, lenition is a kind of sound change that alters consonants, making them more sonorous.
Malay (Bahasa Melayu بهاس ملايو) is a major language of the Austronesian family spoken in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.
Mandarin is a group of related varieties of Chinese spoken across most of northern and southwestern China.
The mid back rounded vowel is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages.
The near-close back rounded vowel, or near-high back rounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in some vocal languages.
The near-close front unrounded vowel, or near-high front unrounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages.
An obstruent is a speech sound such as,, or that is formed by obstructing airflow.
In phonetics and linguistics, a phone is any distinct speech sound or gesture, regardless of whether the exact sound is critical to the meanings of words.
A phoneme is one of the units of sound (or gesture in the case of sign languages, see chereme) that distinguish one word from another in a particular language.
Phonetic transcription (also known as phonetic script or phonetic notation) is the visual representation of speech sounds (or phones).
A phonological rule is a formal way of expressing a systematic phonological or morphophonological process or diachronic sound change in language.
Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
In phonetics and phonology, relative articulation is description of the manner and place of articulation of a speech sound relative to some reference point.
In phonetics and phonology, a sonorant or resonant is a speech sound that is produced with continuous, non-turbulent airflow in the vocal tract; these are the manners of articulation that are most often voiced in the world's languages.
Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin, Standard Mandarin, or simply Mandarin, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan (de facto), and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.
This article summarizes the phonology (the sound system, or in more general terms, the pronunciation) of Standard Chinese (Standard Mandarin).
In linguistics, a tenuis consonant is an obstruent that is unvoiced, unaspirated, unpalatalized, and unglottalized.
Tone is the use of pitch in language to distinguish lexical or grammatical meaning – that is, to distinguish or to inflect words.
Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around 10–15 million native speakers in Southeast Europe (mostly in East and Western Thrace) and 60–65 million native speakers in Western Asia (mostly in Anatolia).
There are many varieties of Arabic (dialects or otherwise) in existence.
In punctuation, a word divider is a glyph that separates written words.