42 relations: Abdoulaye Wade, Adame Ba Konaré, Africa Cup of Nations, African Union, African Union Commission, Alliance for Democracy in Mali, Amadou Toumani Touré, Amara Essy, Association football, École normale supérieure (Paris), Bamako, Bambara people, Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Dakar, Ecole Normale Supérieure of Bamako, Economic Community of West African States, French Sudan, Fula people, Gabon, Gertrude Mongella, Gnassingbé Eyadéma, Harare, Homemaking, Islam, Jean Ping, Kayes, List of heads of state of Mali, Mali, Malian Party of Labour, Malian presidential election, 1992, Malian presidential election, 1997, Maputo, Markala, Marxism–Leninism, Modibo Keïta, Moussa Traoré, Secondary education in France, Tuareg rebellion (1990–1995), UNESCO, United Nations Development Programme, University of Warsaw, Zimbabwe.
Abdoulaye Wade (born 29 May 1926), Encyclopedia of the Nations.
Adame Ba Konaré (born 1 May 1947 in Segu, Mali) is a Malian historian and writer who is married to Alpha Oumar Konaré, former President of Mali.
The Total Africa Cup of Nations, officially CAN (Coupe d'Afrique des Nations), also referred to as African Cup of Nations, or AFCON, is the main international association football competition in Africa.
The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of all 55 countries on the African continent, extending slightly into Asia via the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt.
The Commission of the African Union acts as the executive/administrative branch or secretariat of the AU (and is somewhat analogous to the European Commission).
The Alliance for Democracy in Mali – Pan-African Party for Liberty, Solidarity and Justice (Alliance pour la Démocratie au Mali – Parti Pan-Africain pour la Liberté, la Solidarité et la Justice, ADEMA-PASJ) is a political party in Mali.
Amadou Toumani Touré (born 4 November 1948;, African Press Agency, 27 March 2007. also known as "ATT") is a Malian politician who was President of Mali from 2002 to 2012.
Amara Essy (born 20 December 1944.) is a diplomat from Ivory Coast.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
The École normale supérieure (also known as Normale sup', Ulm, ENS Paris, l'École and most often just as ENS) is one of the most selective and prestigious French grandes écoles (higher education establishment outside the framework of the public university system) and a constituent college of Université PSL.
Bamako is the capital and largest city of Mali, with a population of 1.8 million (2009 census, provisional).
The Bambara (Bamana or Banmana) are a Mandé ethnic group native to much of West Africa, primarily southern Mali, Guinea, Burkina Faso and Senegal.
The Chairperson of the African Union Commission is the head of the African Union Commission.
Dakar is the capital and largest city of Senegal.
Ecole Normale Supérieure (ENSUP; alternate, National Superior School of Mali) is a public school of higher education in Bamako, Mali.
The Economic Community of West African States, also known as ECOWAS, is a regional economic union of fifteen countries located in West Africa.
French Sudan (Soudan français; السودان الفرنسي) was a French colonial territory in the federation of French West Africa from around 1880 until 1960, when it became the independent state of Mali.
The Fula people or Fulani or Fulany or Fulɓe (Fulɓe; Peul; Fulani or Hilani; Fula; Pël; Fulaw), numbering between 40 and 50 million people in total, are one of the largest ethnic groups in the Sahel and West Africa, widely dispersed across the region.
Gabon, officially the Gabonese Republic (République gabonaise), is a sovereign state on the west coast of Central Africa.
Gertrude Ibengwe Mongella (born September 13, 1945) is a Tanzanian politician who is the first president of the Pan-African Parliament.
Gnassingbé Eyadéma (born Étienne Eyadéma, December 26, 1935 – February 5, 2005) was the President of Togo from 1967 until his death in 2005.
Harare (officially named Salisbury until 1982) is the capital and most populous city of Zimbabwe.
Homemaking is a mainly American term for the management of a home, otherwise known as housework, housekeeping, or household management.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Jean Ping (born 24 November 1942).
Kayes (Bambara: Kayi, Soninké: Xaayi) is a city in western Mali on the Sénégal River, with a population of 127,368 at the 2009 census.
This is a list of heads of state of Mali since the country gained independence from France in 1960 to the present day.
Mali, officially the Republic of Mali (République du Mali), is a landlocked country in West Africa, a region geologically identified with the West African Craton.
The Malian Party of Labour (French: Parti malien du travail, PMT) is a Marxist-Leninist party in Mali and a member of the coalition supporting the Alliance for Democracy in Mali of president Amadou Toumani Touré.
Presidential elections were held in Mali on 12 April 1992, with a second round on 26 April.
Presidential elections were held in Mali on 11 May 1997.
Maputo (formerly named Lourenço Marques until 1976) is the capital and most populous city of Mozambique.
Markala is a commune in Mali's Ségou Region on the Niger River 35 km down stream from the town of Ségou.
In political science, Marxism–Leninism is the ideology of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, of the Communist International and of Stalinist political parties.
Modibo Keïta (4 June 1915 – 16 May 1977) was the first President of Mali (1960–1968) and the Prime Minister of the Mali Federation.
Moussa Traoré (born 25 September 1936) is a Malian soldier and politician who was President of Mali from 1968 to 1991.
In France, secondary education is in two stages.
From 1990 to 1995, a rebellion by various Tuareg groups took place in Niger and Mali, with the aim of achieving autonomy or forming their own nation-state.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.
The University of Warsaw (Uniwersytet Warszawski, Universitas Varsoviensis), established in 1816, is the largest university in Poland.
Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of roughly million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most commonly used. Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade. The British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s; it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then government and from which it withdrew from in December 2003. It is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity. Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule; he was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, who was burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator". The country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way. On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's rapidly declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état. On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed.