91 relations: Aconitum, Alaska, Alpine climate, Alpine garden, Alpine Garden Society, Alpine tundra, Andes, Apomixis, Arenaria bryophylla, Asexual reproduction, Bergenia, Bract, Bryophyte, Bud, Bumblebee, Carex, Cell (biology), Conservation biology, Crassulacean acid metabolism, Cryptogam, Cushion plant, Cyperaceae, Dactylorhiza, Dehydration, Desiccation, Dioscorea, Economics, Ecosystem, Ecotone, Elevation, Extracellular matrix, Fly, Forb, Freezing-point depression, Fritillaria, Frost, Frost weathering, Genetic diversity, Growing season, Himalayas, Ice, Ice crystals, India, Inflorescence, Krummholz, Latitude, Lichen, Medicinal plants, Medicine, Meristem, ..., Monophyly, Morphology (biology), Moss, Mount Everest, Natural region, Nepal, North Cascades, Oecologia, Organ (anatomy), Outcrossing, Perennial plant, Phenology, Plant, Plant community, Poaceae, Pollinator, Pruning, Rheum (plant), Root, Self-pollination, Sexual reproduction, Sinopodophyllum, Snow line, Spikenard, Stoma, Succulent plant, Supercooling, Sustainable yield, The Bryologist, The Geographical Journal, Tissue (biology), Tree line, Trichome, Ultraviolet, United States, Vascular plant, Vegetative reproduction, Vivipary, Washington (state), Water, Wind. Expand index (41 more) » « Shrink index
Aconitum, commonly known as aconite, monkshood, wolf's bane, leopard's bane, mousebane, women's bane, devil's helmet, queen of poisons, or blue rocket, is a genus of over 250 species of flowering plants belonging to the family Ranunculaceae.
Alaska (Alax̂sxax̂) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America.
Alpine climate is the average weather (climate) for the regions above the tree line.
An alpine garden (or alpinarium, alpinum) is a domestic or botanical garden specialising in the collection and cultivation of alpine plants growing naturally at high altitudes around the world, such as in the Caucasus, Pyrenees, Rocky Mountains, Alps, Himalayas and Andes.
The Alpine Garden Society is a society based in the United Kingdom, with its headquarters at Pershore, Worcestershire.
Alpine tundra is a type of natural region or biome that does not contain trees because it is at high altitude.
The Andes or Andean Mountains (Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world.
In botany, apomixis was defined by Hans Winkler as replacement of the normal sexual reproduction by asexual reproduction, without fertilization.
Arenaria bryophylla is a flowering plant in the sandwort (Arenaria) genus.
Asexual reproduction is a type of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single organism, and inherit the genes of that parent only; it does not involve the fusion of gametes, and almost never changes the number of chromosomes.
Bergenia (elephant-eared saxifrage, elephant's ears) is a genus of ten species of flowering plants in the family Saxifragaceae, native to central Asia, from Afghanistan to China and the Himalayan region.
In botany, a bract is a modified or specialized leaf, especially one associated with a reproductive structure such as a flower, inflorescence axis or cone scale.
Bryophytes are an informal group consisting of three divisions of non-vascular land plants (embryophytes): the liverworts, hornworts and mosses.
In botany, a bud is an undeveloped or embryonic shoot and normally occurs in the axil of a leaf or at the tip of a stem.
A bumblebee (or bumble bee, bumble-bee or humble-bee) is any of over 250 species in the genus Bombus, part of Apidae, one of the bee families.
Carex is a vast genus of more than 2,000 species of grassy plants in the family Cyperaceae, commonly known as sedges (or seg, in older books).
The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.
Conservation biology is the management of nature and of Earth's biodiversity with the aim of protecting species, their habitats, and ecosystems from excessive rates of extinction and the erosion of biotic interactions.
Crassulacean acid metabolism, also known as CAM photosynthesis, is a carbon fixation pathway that evolved in some plants as an adaptation to arid conditions.
A cryptogam (scientific name Cryptogamae) is a plant (in the wide sense of the word) that reproduces by spores, without flowers or seeds.
A cushion plant is a compact, low growing, mat forming plant that is found in alpine, subalpine, arctic, or subarctic environments around the world.
The Cyperaceae are a family of monocotyledonous graminoid flowering plants known as sedges, which superficially resemble grasses and rushes.
Dactylorhiza, commonly called marsh orchid or spotted orchid, is a genus of flowering plants in the orchid family (Orchidaceae).
In physiology, dehydration is a deficit of total body water, with an accompanying disruption of metabolic processes.
Desiccation is the state of extreme dryness, or the process of extreme drying.
Dioscorea is a genus of over 600 species of flowering plants in the family Dioscoreaceae, native throughout the tropical and warm temperate regions of the world.
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.
An ecotone is a transition area between two biomes.
The elevation of a geographic location is its height above or below a fixed reference point, most commonly a reference geoid, a mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface (see Geodetic datum § Vertical datum).
In biology, the extracellular matrix (ECM) is a collection of extracellular molecules secreted by support cells that provides structural and biochemical support to the surrounding cells.
True flies are insects of the order Diptera, the name being derived from the Greek δι- di- "two", and πτερόν pteron "wings".
A forb (sometimes spelled phorb) is an herbaceous flowering plant that is not a graminoid (grasses, sedges and rushes).
Freezing-point depression is the decrease of the freezing point of a solvent on addition of a non-volatile solute.
Fritillaria (fritillaries) is a genus of spring flowering herbaceous bulbous perennial plants in the lily family (Liliaceae).
Frost is the coating or deposit of ice that may form in humid air in cold conditions, usually overnight.
Frost weathering is a collective term for several mechanical weathering processes induced by stresses created by the freezing of water into ice.
Genetic diversity is the total number of genetic characteristics in the genetic makeup of a species.
The growing season is the part of the year during which local weather conditions (i.e. rainfall and temperature) permit normal plant growth.
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, form a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.
Ice is water frozen into a solid state.
Ice crystals are solid ice exhibiting atomic ordering on various length scales and include hexagonal columns, hexagonal plates, dendritic crystals, and diamond dust.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
An inflorescence is a group or cluster of flowers arranged on a stem that is composed of a main branch or a complicated arrangement of branches.
Krummholz or krumholtz (German: krumm, "crooked, bent, twisted" and Holz, "wood") — also called knieholz ("knee timber") — is a type of stunted, deformed vegetation encountered in subarctic and subalpine tree line landscapes, shaped by continual exposure to fierce, freezing winds.
In geography, latitude is a geographic coordinate that specifies the north–south position of a point on the Earth's surface.
A lichen is a composite organism that arises from algae or cyanobacteria living among filaments of multiple fungi in a symbiotic relationship.
Medicinal plants, also called medicinal herbs, have been discovered and used in traditional medicine practices since prehistoric times.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
A meristem is the tissue in most plants containing undifferentiated cells (meristematic cells), found in zones of the plant where growth can take place.
In cladistics, a monophyletic group, or clade, is a group of organisms that consists of all the descendants of a common ancestor.
Morphology is a branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.
Mosses are small flowerless plants that typically grow in dense green clumps or mats, often in damp or shady locations.
Mount Everest, known in Nepali as Sagarmāthā and in Tibetan as Chomolungma, is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas.
A natural region is a basic geographic unit.
Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
The North Cascades are a section of the Cascade Range of western North America.
Oecologia is an international peer-reviewed English-language journal published by Springer since 1968 (some articles were published in German or French until 1976).
Organs are collections of tissues with similar functions.
Out-crossing or out-breeding means that the crossing between different breeds.This is the practice of introducing unrelated genetic material into a breeding line.
A perennial plant or simply perennial is a plant that lives more than two years.
Phenology is the study of periodic plant and animal life cycle events and how these are influenced by seasonal and interannual variations in climate, as well as habitat factors (such as elevation).
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
A plant community (sometimes "phytocoenosis" or "phytocenosis") is a collection or association of plant species within a designated geographical unit, which forms a relatively uniform patch, distinguishable from neighboring patches of different vegetation types.
Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass.
A pollinator is an animal that moves pollen from the male anther of a flower to the female stigma of a flower.
Pruning is a horticultural and silvicultural practice involving the selective removal of certain parts of a plant, such as branches, buds, or roots.
Rheum is a genus of about 60 perennial plants in the family Polygonaceae.
In vascular plants, the root is the organ of a plant that typically lies below the surface of the soil.
Self-pollination is when pollen from the same plant arrives at the stigma of a flower (in flowering plants) or at the ovule (in gymnosperms).
Sexual reproduction is a form of reproduction where two morphologically distinct types of specialized reproductive cells called gametes fuse together, involving a female's large ovum (or egg) and a male's smaller sperm.
Sinopodophyllum is an herbaceous perennial plant in the family Berberidaceae, described as a genus in 1979.
The climatic snow line is the boundary between a snow-covered and snow-free surface.
Spikenard, also called nard, nardin, and muskroot, is a class of aromatic amber-colored essential oil derived from Nardostachys jatamansi, a flowering plant of the valerian family which grows in the Himalayas of Nepal, China, and India.
In botany, a stoma (plural "stomata"), also called a stomata (plural "stomates") (from Greek στόμα, "mouth"), is a pore, found in the epidermis of leaves, stems, and other organs, that facilitates gas exchange.
In botany, succulent plants, also known as succulents, are plants that have some parts that are more than normally thickened and fleshy, usually to retain water in arid climates or soil conditions.
Supercooling, also known as undercooling, is the process of lowering the temperature of a liquid or a gas below its freezing point without it becoming a solid.
The sustainable yield of natural capital is the ecological yield that can be extracted without reducing the base of capital itself, i.e. the surplus required to maintain ecosystem services at the same or increasing level over time.
The Bryologist is a peer reviewed scientific journal specializing in bryology.
The Geographical Journal is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal of the Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers).
In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.
The tree line is the edge of the habitat at which trees are capable of growing.
Trichomes, from the Greek τρίχωμα (trichōma) meaning "hair", are fine outgrowths or appendages on plants, algae, lichens, and certain protists.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Vascular plants (from Latin vasculum: duct), also known as tracheophytes (from the equivalent Greek term trachea) and also higher plants, form a large group of plants (c. 308,312 accepted known species) that are defined as those land plants that have lignified tissues (the xylem) for conducting water and minerals throughout the plant.
Vegetative reproduction (also known as vegetative propagation, vegetative multiplication or vegetative cloning) is any form of asexual reproduction occurring in plants in which a new plant grows from a fragment of the parent plant or grows from a specialized reproductive structure.
In plants, vivipary occurs when seeds or embryos begin to develop before they detach from the parent.
Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Wind is the flow of gases on a large scale.