299 relations: Adamello-Presanella Alps, Adige, Africa, Aimpoint AB, Albania, Allies of World War II, Alpenkorps (German Empire), Alpine Brigade Cadore, Alpine Brigade Julia, Alpine Brigade Orobica, Alpine Brigade Taurinense, Alpine Brigade Tridentina, Alpini songs, Alps, Antelao, Anti-tank missile, Antonio Cantore, Aosta, Aosta Valley, Argentera, Armistice of Cassibile, Army corps general, Arsenal, Artillery, Artillery battery, Austria, Austria-Hungary, Austro-Prussian War, Avalanche, Axis powers, Balkan Campaign (World War II), Bandvagn 206, Bassano del Grappa, Battalion, Battle of Adwa, Battle of Collecchio, Battle of Dogali, Battle of Nikolayevka, Beijing, Belluno, Benito Mussolini, Beretta 92, Beretta ARX160, Bergamo, BGM-71 TOW, Bicocca (district of Milan), Borgo San Dalmazzo, Boxer Rebellion, Bra, Piedmont, Brazilian Expeditionary Force, ..., Brenta (river), Brenta Valley, Brigadier general, Brixen, Bronze Medal of Military Valor, Bruneck, Bulletproof vest, Cadore, Calabria, 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The Adamello-Presanella Alps Alpine group is a mountain range in the Southern Limestone Alps mountain group of the Eastern Alps.
The Adige (Etsch; Àdexe; Adisch; Adesc; Athesis; Ἄθεσις) is the second longest river in Italy after the Po, rising in the Alps in the province of South Tyrol near the Italian border with Austria and Switzerland, flowing through most of North-East Italy to the Adriatic Sea.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Aimpoint AB is a Swedish optics company manufacturing red dot sights for civilian, police and military use.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
The Alpenkorps was a provisional mountain formation of division size formed by the Imperial German Army during World War I. It was considered by the Allies to be one of the best in the German Army.
The Alpini Brigade Cadore was a light Infantry brigade of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain warfare.
The Alpini Brigade Julia is a light Infantry brigade of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The Alpine Brigade Orobica was a light Infantry brigade of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain warfare.
The Alpine Brigade Taurinense is a light Infantry brigade of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The Alpini Brigade Tridentina was a light Infantry brigade of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain warfare.
The Alpini are a mountain infantry corps of the Italian Army, that distinguished itself in combat during World War I and World War II.
The Alps (Alpes; Alpen; Alpi; Alps; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe,The Caucasus Mountains are higher, and the Urals longer, but both lie partly in Asia.
Monte Antelao (Cadorino dialect: Nantelòu) is the highest mountain in the eastern Dolomites (a section of the Alps) in northeastern Italy, southeast of the town of Cortina d'Ampezzo, in the region of Cadore.
An anti-tank missile (ATM), anti-tank guided missile (ATGM), anti-tank guided weapon (ATGW) or anti-armor guided weapon, is a guided missile primarily designed to hit and destroy heavily armored military vehicles.
Antonio Cantore (4 August 1860 – 20 July 1915) was an Italian general.
Aosta (Aoste; Aoûta; Augusta Praetoria Salassorum; Augschtal; Osta) is the principal city of Aosta Valley, a bilingual region in the Italian Alps, north-northwest of Turin.
The Aosta Valley (Valle d'Aosta (official) or Val d'Aosta (usual); Vallée d'Aoste (official) or Val d'Aoste (usual); Val d'Outa (usual); Augschtalann or Ougstalland; Val d'Osta) is a mountainous autonomous region in northwestern Italy.
Argentera is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Cuneo in the Italian region Piedmont, located about southwest of Turin and about west of Cuneo, on the border with France.
The Armistice of Cassibile was an armistice signed on 3 September 1943 by Walter Bedell Smith and Giuseppe Castellano, and made public on 8 September, between the Kingdom of Italy and the Allies during World War II.
An army corps general or corps general is a senior rank in several armies, including those of France and Italy.
An arsenal is a place where arms and ammunition are made, maintained and repaired, stored, or issued, in any combination, whether privately or publicly owned.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
In military organizations, an artillery battery is a unit of artillery, mortars, rocket artillery, multiple rocket launchers, surface to surface missiles, ballistic missiles, cruise missiles etc, so grouped to facilitate better battlefield communication and command and control, as well as to provide dispersion for its constituent gunnery crews and their systems.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.
The Austro-Prussian War or Seven Weeks' War (also known as the Unification War, the War of 1866, or the Fraternal War, in Germany as the German War, and also by a variety of other names) was a war fought in 1866 between the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia, with each also being aided by various allies within the German Confederation.
An avalanche (also called a snowslide) is a cohesive slab of snow lying upon a weaker layer of snow in the snowpack that fractures and slides down a steep slope when triggered.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
The Balkan Campaign of World War II began with the Italian invasion of Greece on 28 October 1940.
Bandvagn 206 (Bv 206) is a tracked articulated, all-terrain carrier developed by Hägglunds (now part of BAE Systems Global Combat Systems) for the Swedish Army.
Bassano del Grappa (Venetian: Basan // (plain form) or Bassan/Bassàn (italianized form)) is a city and comune, in the Vicenza province, in the region Veneto, in northern Italy.
A battalion is a military unit.
The Battle of Adwa (Amharic: አድዋ; Amharic translated: Adowa, or sometimes by the Italian name Adua) was fought on 1 March 1896 between the Ethiopian Empire and the Kingdom of Italy near the town of Adwa, Ethiopia, in Tigray.
The Battle of Collecchio-Fornovo (26–29 April 1945) was a World War II battle between the 1st Brazilian Expeditionary Division (Força Expedicionária Brasileira – FEB), along with Italian partisans and units from the American 1st Amored and 92nd Infantry Divisions, against the Wehrmachts 148th Reserve, 90th Panzergrenadier Divisions and the fascist National Republican Army's 1st Bersaglieri "Italia" and the 4th Mountain "Monte Rosa" Divisions.
The Battle of Dogali was fought on 26 January 1887 between Italy and Ethiopia in Dogali near Massawa, in present-day Eritrea.
The Battle of Nikolayevka was the breakout of Italian forces in January 1943, as a small part of the larger Battle of Stalingrad.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
Belluno (Belluno, Belum, Belùn), is a town and province in the Veneto region of northern Italy.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF).
The Beretta 92 (also Beretta 96 and Beretta 98) is a series of semi-automatic pistols designed and manufactured by Beretta of Italy.
The Beretta ARX160 is an Italian modular rifle manufactured by Beretta.
Bergamo (Italian:; Bèrghem; from Latin Bergomum) is a city in Lombardy, northern Italy, approximately northeast of Milan, and about from the Alpine lakes Como and Iseo.
The BGM-71 TOW ("Tube-launched, Optically tracked, Wire-guided") is an American anti-tank missile.
Bicocca is a district ("quartiere") of Milan, Italy, part of the Zone 9 administrative division.
Borgo San Dalmazzo (Lo Borg Sant Dalmatz) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Cuneo in the Italian region Piedmont, located about south of Turin and about southwest of Cuneo.
The Boxer Rebellion (拳亂), Boxer Uprising or Yihetuan Movement (義和團運動) was a violent anti-foreign, anti-colonial and anti-Christian uprising that took place in China between 1899 and 1901, toward the end of the Qing dynasty.
Bra (Br'a in Piemontese) is a town and comune in the province of Cuneo in the northwest Italian region of Piedmont.
The Brazilian Expeditionary Force or BEF (Força Expedicionária Brasileira; FEB) consisted of about 25,700 men arranged by the army and air force to fight alongside the Allied forces in the Mediterranean Theatre of World War II.
The Brenta is an Italian river that runs from Trentino to the Adriatic Sea just south of the Venetian lagoon in the Veneto region, in the north-east of Italy.
Brenta Valley is a valley located in Northern Italy.
Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) is a senior rank in the armed forces.
Brixen (Bressanone; Ladin: Porsenù or Persenon) is a town in South Tyrol in northern Italy, located about north of Bolzano.
The Bronze Medal of Military Valor (Medaglia di bronzo al valor militare) is an Italian medal for gallantry.
Bruneck (Brunico or Ladin: Bornech or Burnech; Branecium or Brunopolis) is the largest town in the Puster Valley in the Italian province of South Tyrol.
A ballistic vest or bullet-resistant vest, often called a bulletproof vest, is an item of personal armor that helps absorb the impact and reduce or stop penetration to the body from firearm-fired projectiles- and shrapnel from explosions, and is worn on the torso.
Cadore (Cadòr; Cadòr or, rarely, Cadòria; Cadober or Kadober; Sappada German: Kadour; Cjadovri) is a historical region in the Italian region of Veneto, in the northernmost part of the province of Belluno bordering on Austria, the Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol and Friuli-Venezia Giulia.
Calabria (Calàbbria in Calabrian; Calavría in Calabrian Greek; Καλαβρία in Greek; Kalavrì in Arbëresh/Albanian), known in antiquity as Bruttium, is a region in Southern Italy.
The Cappello Alpino is the most distinctive feature of the Italian Army's Alpini troops uniform.
The army rank of captain (from the French capitaine) is a commissioned officer rank historically corresponding to the command of a company of soldiers.
Carcano is the frequently used name for a series of Italian bolt-action, magazine-fed, repeating military rifles and carbines.
Cazadores de Montaña should not be confused with Cazadores de Monte The Cazadores de Montaña (Spanish for Mountain Huntsmen), are special Mountain troops of the Argentine Army.
The Cenischia (La Cenise) is a mountain torrent which straddles the south-west French department of Savoie and the north-west Italian Metropolitan City of Turin, in Piedmont.
Ceva, the ancient Ceba, is a small Italian town in the province of Cuneo, region of Piedmont, east of Cuneo.
The Chasseurs alpins (Hunters) are the elite mountain infantry of the French Army.
The Chiese, also known in the Province of Brescia as the Clisi, is a Italian river that is the principal immisary and sole emissary of the sub-alpine lake Lago d’Idro, and is a left tributary of the Oglio.
Chiusa di Pesio is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Cuneo in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 80km south of Turin and about 15km south-east of Cuneo, on the border with France.
Cividale del Friuli (Cividât (locally Zividât); Östrich; Čedad) is a town and comune in the Province of Udine, part of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of northern Italy.
Col de Clapier (French Col Clapier, Italian Colle Clapier) is a mountain pass over the mountain massif Mont Cenis in the Cottian Alps and Graian Alps between Savoy in France and Piemont in Italy.
Col de Tende (Colle di Tenda; elevation 1870 m) is a high mountain pass in the Alps, close to the border between France and Italy, although the highest section of the pass is wholly within France.
The Col di Lana is a mountain of the Fanes Group in the Italian Dolomites.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Colonel ("kernel", abbreviated Col., Col or COL) is a senior military officer rank below the brigadier and general officer ranks.
The Comando Truppe Alpine (Alpine Troops Command) or COMTA (formerly also COMALP) commands the Mountain Troops of the Italian Army, called Alpini and various support and training units.
A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 80–150 soldiers and usually commanded by a major or a captain.
Conegliano (Venetian: Conejan) is a town and comune of the Veneto region, Italy, in the province of Treviso, about north by rail from the town of Treviso.
Corporal is a military rank in use in some form by many militaries and by some police forces or other uniformed organizations.
Courmayeur (Valdôtain: Croméyeui) is a town and comune in northern Italy, in the autonomous region of Aosta Valley.
Cuneo (Coni; Coni) is a city and comune in Piedmont, Northern Italy, the capital of the province of Cuneo, the third largest of Italy’s provinces by area.
The Declaration of Neutrality was a declaration by the Austrian Parliament declaring the country permanently neutral.
The Don (p) is one of the major rivers of Russia and the 5th longest river in Europe.
Dora Baltea or Doire Baltée (Duria maior or Duria Bautica; Djouire (Valdôtain); Deura Bàotia), is a river in northern Italy.
The Dora Riparia (Duria minor Doire Ripaire Dòira Rivaira) is an alpine river, a left-hand tributary of the Po.
The Drava or Drave by Jürgen Utrata (2014).
Dronero (Draonier) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Cuneo in the Italian region Piedmont, located about southwest of Turin and about northwest of Cuneo at the entrance of the Valle Maira.
The Durmitor is a massif located in northwestern Montenegro.
Eagle is the common name for many large birds of prey of the family Accipitridae.
East Africa or Eastern Africa is the eastern region of the African continent, variably defined by geography.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.
Edolo (Édol in camunian dialect) is a town and comune in the province of Brescia, Lombardy, northern Italy, located in the upper Camonica valley.
The Eighth Army was a field army formation of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.
Eritrea (ኤርትራ), officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa, with its capital at Asmara.
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
Exilles (Occitan: Exilhas, local Occitan: Isiya, Piedmontese: Isiles, Latin: Scingomagus, Italianization under Italian Fascism: Esille) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about west of Turin, on the border with France.
Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian ultranationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and control of industry and commerce, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.
Felt is a textile material that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing fibers together.
Feltre (Fèltre) is a town and comune of the province of Belluno in Veneto, northern Italy.
Fenestrelle is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about west of Turin.
The FH70 (field howitzer for the 1970s) is a towed howitzer in use with several nations.
The First Italo-Ethiopian War was fought between Italy and Ethiopia from 1895 to 1896.
The FN Minimi (short for Mini Mitrailleuse; "mini machine gun") is a Belgian 5.56mm Squad Automatic Weapon, or SAW developed by Fabrique Nationale (FN) in Herstal by Ernest Vervier.
Fossano is a town and comune of Piedmont, northern Italy.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Friuli-Venezia Giulia (Friûl-Vignesie Julie; Furlanija-Julijska krajina, Friaul-Julisch Venetien; Friul-Venesia Julia; Friul-Unieja Julia) is one of the 20 regions of Italy, and one of five autonomous regions with special statute.
Full dress uniform is the most formal military uniform reserved for parade or other ceremonial or formal occasions.
Gebirgsjäger are the light infantry part of the alpine or mountain troops (Gebirgstruppe) of Germany and Austria.
Gemona del Friuli (Glemone, Humin, German: Klemaun) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Udine in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, located about northwest of Trieste and about northwest of Udine.
Geopolitics (from Greek γῆ gê "earth, land" and πολιτική politikḗ "politics") is the study of the effects of geography (human and physical) on politics and international relations.
Deutsches Reich was the official name for the German nation state from 1871 to 1945 in the German language.
Giuseppe Garibaldi; 4 July 1807 – 2 June 1882) was an Italian general, politician and nationalist. He is considered one of the greatest generals of modern times and one of Italy's "fathers of the fatherland" along with Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy and Giuseppe Mazzini. Garibaldi has been called the "Hero of the Two Worlds" because of his military enterprises in Brazil, Uruguay and Europe. He personally commanded and fought in many military campaigns that led eventually to the Italian unification. Garibaldi was appointed general by the provisional government of Milan in 1848, General of the Roman Republic in 1849 by the Minister of War, and led the Expedition of the Thousand on behalf and with the consent of Victor Emmanuel II. His last military campaign took place during the Franco-Prussian War as commander of the Army of the Vosges. Garibaldi was very popular in Italy and abroad, aided by exceptional international media coverage at the time. Many of the greatest intellectuals of his time, such as Victor Hugo, Alexandre Dumas, and George Sand, showered him with admiration. The United Kingdom and the United States helped him a great deal, offering him financial and military support in difficult circumstances. In the popular telling of his story, he is associated with the red shirts worn by his volunteers, the Garibaldini, in lieu of a uniform.
Giuseppe Domenico Perrucchetti (13 July 1839 - 5 October 1916) was an Italian general and politician, the creator of the Alpini corps.
The Gold Medal of Military Valour (Medaglia d'oro al valor militare) is an Italian medal established on 21 May 1793 by King Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia "....per bassi ufficiali e soldati che avevano fatto azioni di segnalato valore in guerra" (for deeds of outstanding gallantry in war by junior officers and soldiers).
The Gothic Line (Gotenstellung; Linea Gotica) was a German defensive line of the Italian Campaign of World War II.
A grenade is a small weapon typically thrown by hand.
The Hungarian Ground Forces are one of the branches of the Hungarian armed forces.
The Idice is a river in the Tuscany and Emilia-Romagna regions of Italy.
The Polish II Corps (Drugi Korpus Wojska Polskiego), 1943–1947, was a major tactical and operational unit of the Polish Armed Forces in the West during World War II.
The Italian Army (Italian: Esercito Italiano) is the land defence force of the Italian Armed Forces of the Italian Republic.
The Italian Army in Russia (Armata Italiana in Russia, or ARMIR) was an army-sized unit of the Italian Royal Army (Regio Esercito Italiano) which fought on the Eastern Front during World War II.
The Italian Co-belligerent Army (Esercito Cobelligerante Italiano), Army of the South (Esercito del Sud), or Italian Liberation Corps (Corpo Italiano di Liberazione) were names applied to various division sets of the now former Royal Italian Army during the period when it fought on the side of the Allies during World War II from September 1943 onwards.
Italian Fascism (fascismo italiano), also known simply as Fascism, is the original fascist ideology as developed in Italy.
The Italian Front (Fronte italiano; in Gebirgskrieg, "Mountain war") was a series of battles at the border between Austria-Hungary and Italy, fought between 1915 and 1918 in World War I. Following the secret promises made by the Allies in the Treaty of London, Italy entered the war in order to annex the Austrian Littoral and northern Dalmatia, and the territories of present-day Trentino and South Tyrol.
The Italian Social Republic (Repubblica Sociale Italiana,; RSI), informally known as the Republic of Salò (Repubblica di Salò), was a German puppet state with limited recognition that was created during the later part of World War II, existing from the beginning of German occupation of Italy in September 1943 until the surrender of German troops in Italy in May 1945.
Italian unification (Unità d'Italia), or the Risorgimento (meaning "the Resurgence" or "revival"), was the political and social movement that consolidated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy in the 19th century.
The Italo-Turkish or Turco-Italian War (Trablusgarp Savaşı, "Tripolitanian War"; also known in Italy as Guerra di Libia, "Libyan War") was fought between the Kingdom of Italy and the Ottoman Empire from September 29, 1911, to October 18, 1912.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Iveco LMV (Light Multirole Vehicle) is a 4WD tactical vehicle developed by Iveco, and in service with several countries.
Ivrea (Eporedia) is a town and comune of the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Piedmont region of northwestern Italy.
Mountain infantry battle-dress after 1907 The k.k. Landesschützen (literal: Imperial-Royal country shooters) - from January 16, 1917 Kaiserschützen (literal: Imperial rifles) - has been three regiments of Austro-Hungarian mountain infantry during the kaiserliche und königliche Monarchie (literal: k.u.k. Monarchy).
Big Mount Kanin The Kanin Mountains or the Canin Mountains (Resian: Ćanen, Mont Cjanine), mostly simply Kanin or Canin, are a mountain range in the Western Julian Alps, on the border of Slovenia and Italy.
The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.
L'Aquila (meaning "The Eagle") is a city and comune in Southern Italy, both the capital city of the Abruzzo region and of the Province of L'Aquila.
Lagazuoi is a mountain in the Dolomites of northern Italy, lying at an altitude of, about southwest by road from Cortina d'Ampezzo in the Veneto Region.
Lake Iseo or Lago d'Iseo or Sebino is the fourth largest lake in Lombardy, Italy, fed by the Oglio river.
The Legnano Mechanized Brigade was a mechanized brigade of the Italian Army.
Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
A lieutenant (abbreviated Lt, LT, Lieut and similar) is a junior commissioned officer in the armed forces, fire services, police and other organizations of many nations.
Lieutenant colonel is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies, most marine forces and some air forces of the world, above a major and below a colonel.
Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries.
The M2 Machine Gun or Browning.50 Caliber Machine Gun is a heavy machine gun designed toward the end of World War I by John Browning.
A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire bullets in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of 300 rounds per minute or higher.
The main chain of the Alps, also called the Alpine divide is the central line of mountains that forms the water divide of the range.
The Maira is an Italian river, a right tributary of the Po, which runs through the province of Cuneo in eastern Piedmont.
Major is a military rank of commissioned officer status, with corresponding ranks existing in many military forces throughout the world.
Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.
Mario Rigoni Stern (1 November 1921 – 16 June 2008) was an Italian author and World War II veteran.
Marmolada (German: Marmolata, Ladin: Marmoleda) is a mountain in northeastern Italy and the highest mountain of the Dolomites (a section of the Alps).
Marshal is a term used in several official titles in various branches of society.
Matajur is a mountain in the Julian Alps on the border between Italy and Slovenia.
Materiel, more commonly matériel in US English and also listed as the only spelling in some UK dictionaries (both pronounced, from French matériel meaning equipment or hardware), refers to military technology and supplies in military and commercial supply chain management.
The Matterhorn (Matterhorn; Cervino; Mont Cervin) is a mountain of the Alps, straddling the main watershed and border between Switzerland and Italy.
Villa di Chiavenna, Chiavenna, Menarola, Gordona, Novate Mezzola,Verceia, Dubino, Sorico, Gera Lario in Italia--> The Mera (also called Maira in Switzerland) is a river in Switzerland and Italy.
Merano or Meran is a town and comune in South Tyrol, northern Italy.
Mercantour National Park (Parc national du Mercantour) is one of the ten national parks of France.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
MILAN (Missile d´infanterie léger antichar; Light anti-tank infantry missile, milan is French for kite) is a European anti-tank guided missile.
A military band is a group of personnel that performs musical duties for military functions, usually for the armed forces.
The Military Order of Italy (Italian: Ordine Militare d'Italia) is the highest military order of the Italian Republic and the former Kingdom of Italy.
Military strategy is a set of ideas implemented by military organizations to pursue desired strategic goals.
A militia is generally an army or some other fighting organization of non-professional soldiers, citizens of a nation, or subjects of a state, who can be called upon for military service during a time of need, as opposed to a professional force of regular, full-time military personnel, or historically, members of a warrior nobility class (e.g., knights or samurai).
Mino was the eighth ZDF-Weihnachtsserie (Christmas Series), and aired in 1986.
Mondovì (Ël Mondvì, Mons Regalis) is a town and comune (township) in Piedmont, northern Italy, about from Turin.
Mont Cenis (Moncenisio) is a massif (el. 3,612 m / 11,850 ft) and pass (el. 2081 m / 6827 ft) in Savoie (France), which forms the limit between the Cottian and Graian Alps.
Monte Baldo is a mountain range in the Italian Alps, located in the provinces of Trento and Verona.
The Church of St.
The Alpini Parachutist battalion Monte Cervino is the sole battalion of the Italian Army's 4th Alpini Parachutist Regiment.
Monte Granero is a peak in the Cottian Alps, in western Piedmont, northern Italy.
The Monte Rosa (or synonymously used as a pleonasm: Monte Rosa massif (massiccio del Monte Rosa; Monte Rosa-Massiv; massif du Mont Rose) is a mountain massif located in the eastern part of the Pennine Alps. It is located between Switzerland (Valais) and Italy (Piedmont and Aosta Valley). Monte Rosa is the second highest mountain in the Alps and western Europe.John Ball, A Guide to the Western Alps, pp. 308-314 Monte Rosa is a huge ice-covered mountain in the Alps, located on the watershed between central and southern Europe. Its main summit, named Dufourspitze in honor of the surveyor Guillaume-Henri Dufour, culminates at above sea level and is followed by the five nearly equally high subsidiary summits of Dunantspitze, Grenzgipfel, Nordend, Zumsteinspitze and Signalkuppe. Monte Rosa is the highest mountain of both Switzerland and the Pennine Alps and is also the second-highest mountain of the Alps and Europe outside the Caucasus. The north-west side of the central Monte Rosa massif, with its enormous ice slopes and seracs, constitutes the boundary and upper basin of the large Gorner Glacier, which descends towards Zermatt and merges with its nowadays much larger tributary, the Grenzgletscher (Border Glacier), right below the Monte Rosa Hut on the lower end of the visible western wing. The Grenzgletscher is an impressive glacier formation between the western wing of the mountain and Liskamm, a ridge on its southwestern side on the Swiss-Italian border. On the eastern side, in Italy, the mountain falls away in an almost vertical wall of granite and ice, the biggest in Europe, overlooking Macugnaga and several smaller glaciers. Monte Rosa was studied by pioneering geologists and explorers, including Leonardo da Vinci in the late fifteenth century and Horace-Bénédict de Saussure in the late eighteenth century. Following a long series of attempts beginning in the early nineteenth century, Monte Rosa's summit, then still called Höchste Spitze (Highest Peak), was first reached in 1855 from Zermatt by a party of eight climbers led by three guides. The great east wall was first climbed in 1872, from Macugnaga. Each summer a large number of climbers set out from the Monte Rosa Hut on the mountain's west wing for one of its summits via the normal route or for the Margherita Hut on the Signalkuppe (Punta Gnifetti), used as a research station. Many tourists and hikers also come each year to the Gornergrat on the north-west side of the massif, to see the panorama that extends over the giants of the Alps, from Monte Rosa to the Matterhorn.
Monte Saccarello (Italian) or Mont Saccarel (French) is a mountain located on the French-Italian border between Liguria, Piemonte and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur.
Monte Viso or Monviso (Vísol; Piedmontese: Brich Monviso or Viso), is the highest mountain of the Cottian Alps.
Montenegro (Montenegrin: Црна Гора / Crna Gora, meaning "Black Mountain") is a sovereign state in Southeastern Europe.
Morbegno (Murbegn, Morbend) is a little town in the low Valtellina Valley in Italy, on the left side of the Adda river.
The MO-120 RT-61 (factory designator) or MO-120-RT is a heavy mortar of French origin.
Mountain guns are artillery pieces designed for use in mountain warfare and areas where usual wheeled transport is not possible.
Mountain rescue refers to search and rescue activities that occur in a mountainous environment, although the term is sometimes also used to apply to search and rescue in other wilderness environments.
Mountain warfare refers to warfare in the mountains or similarly rough terrain.
Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.
The National Alpini Association (Associazione Nazionale Alpini) is an Italian association representing the "Alpini in congedo" (Alpini on leave) of the Italian Army.
The National Republican Army (Esercito Nazionale Repubblicano, or ENR) was the army of the Italian Social Republic (Repubblica Sociale Italiana, or RSI) from 1943 to 1945 that fought on the side of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The Natisone (Latin: Natiso; Friulian: Nadison; Nadiža.) is a river in Slovenia and Italy.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
A night vision device (NVD), also known as night optical/observation device (NOD) and night vision goggles (NVG), is an optoelectronic device that allows images to be produced in levels of light approaching total darkness.
A non-commissioned officer (NCO) is a military officer who has not earned a commission.
Benvenuto "Nuto" Revelli (21 July 1919, Cuneo, Piedmont – 5 February 2004) was an Italian essayist and partisan.
Oneglia (Inéja in Ligurian) was a town in northern Italy on the Ligurian coast that was joined to Porto Maurizio to form the Comune of Imperia in 1923.
The Orco (Eva d'òr, that is lit. Water of gold; Orgus) is an Italian river.
Oreste Baratieri (né Oreste Baratter, 13 November 1841 – 7 August 1901) was an Italian general and governor of Eritrea who led the Italian army defeated in the First Italo–Ethiopian War's Battle of Adowa.
Ortler (Ortles) is, at above sea level, the highest mountain in the Eastern Alps outside the Bernina Range.
Osprey Publishing is an Oxford-based publishing company specializing in military history.
The OTO-Melara Mod 56 is an Italian-made 105 mm pack howitzer built and developed by OTO-Melara.
The Panzerfaust 3 (lit. "armor fist" or "tank fist") is a modern disposable recoilless anti-tank weapon, which was developed between 1978 and 1985 and put into service by the Bundeswehr in 1992.
The Pellice (in Piedmontese Pélis) is a Italian torrent, which runs through the Metropolitan City of Turin.
The Piave (Plavis) is a river in northern Italy.
Pieve di Cadore is a comune (municipality) in the province of Belluno in the Italian region of Veneto, about north of Venice and about northeast of Belluno.
Pieve di Teco (Céve) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Imperia in the Italian region Liguria, located about southwest of Genoa and about northwest of Imperia.
Pinerolo (Pignerol; Piemontese: Pinareul) is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Turin, Piedmont, northwestern Italy, southwest of Turin on the river Chisone.
The Po Valley, Po Plain, Plain of the Po, or Padan Plain (Pianura Padana, or Val Padana) is a major geographical feature of Northern Italy.
Podhale Rifles (Strzelcy podhalańscy) is the traditional name of the mountain infantry units of the Polish Army.
Pordoi is a pass in the Dolomites in the Alps, located between the Sella group in the north and the Marmolada group in the south.
Private First Class (PFC) is a military rank held by junior enlisted personnel.
The Puma is a family of Italian light wheeled armoured fighting vehicle family, consisting of the Puma 6x6 and the Puma 4x4.
The Puster Valley (Val Pusteria; Pustertal, Ladin: Val de Puster) is a valley in the Alps that runs in an east-west direction between Lienz in East Tyrol, Austria and Mühlbach near Brixen in South Tyrol, Italy.
The Quadrilatero (for greater specificity often called the "Quadrilateral fortresses") is the traditional name of a defensive system of the Austrian Empire in the Lombardy-Venetia region of Italy, which connected the fortresses of Peschiera, Mantua, Legnago and Verona between the Mincio, the Po and Adige Rivers.
A raven is one of several larger-bodied species of the genus Corvus.
The MG 3 is a German general-purpose machine gun chambered for the 7.62×51mm NATO cartridge.
A rocket-propelled grenade (often abbreviated RPG) is a shoulder-fired anti-tank weapon system that fires rockets equipped with an explosive warhead.
The Royal Italian Army (Italian: Regio Esercito Italiano) was the army of the Kingdom of Italy from the unification of Italy in 1861 to the birth of the Italian Republic in 1946.
This article is about the Italian Royal Army (Regio Esercito) which participated in World War II.
Saint Maurice (also Moritz, Morris, or Mauritius) was the leader of the legendary Roman Theban Legion in the 3rd century, and one of the favorite and most widely venerated saints of that group.
Saluzzo (Saluces) is a town and former principality in the province of Cuneo, Piedmont region, Italy.
Schio is a town and comune in the province of Vicenza (region of Veneto, northern Italy) situated north of Vicenza and east of the Lake Garda.
The Second Italo-Ethiopian War, also referred to as the Second Italo-Abyssinian War, was a colonial war from 3 October 1935 until 1939, despite the Italian claim to have defeated Ethiopia by 5 May 1936, the date of the capture of Addis Ababa.
Second lieutenant (called lieutenant in some countries) is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces, comparable to NATO OF-1b rank.
Sergeant (abbreviated to Sgt and capitalized when used as a named person's title) is a rank in many uniformed organizations, principally military and policing forces.
The Sette Comuni (italic, italic) are seven comuni that formed a Cimbrian enclave in the Veneto region of north-east Italy.
The Silver Medal of Military Valor (Medaglia d'argento al valor militare) is an Italian medal for gallantry.
A ski is a narrow strip of semi-rigid material worn underfoot to glide over snow.
Ski warfare, the use of ski-equipped troops in war, is first recorded by the Danish historian Saxo Grammaticus in the 13th century.
South Tyrol is an autonomous province in northern Italy.
The Southern Group of Forces (YUGV) was a Soviet Armed Forces formation formed twice following the Second World War, most notably around the time of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Spike is an Israeli fourth-generation man-portable fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile and anti-personnel missile with a tandem-charge HEAT warhead.
The Splügen Pass (German: Splügenpass; Italian: Passo dello Spluga; el. 2,115 m) is a high mountain pass which marks the boundary between the Lepontine and Rhaetian Alps, respectively part of the Western and Eastern Alps.
The spring 1945 offensive in Italy, codenamed Operation Grapeshot, was the final Allied attack during the Italian Campaign in the final stages of the Second World War.
A squad automatic weapon (colloquial: section automatic weapon; light support weapon) is a fully automatic firearm used to give infantry squads or sections a man-portable source of fully automatic firepower.
The Standschützen (singular: Standschütze The German noun Standschütze is a so-called nominal composition, composed of the nouns Stand- (en.
The Stelvio Pass (Passo dello Stelvio, Giogo dello Stèlvio; Stilfser Joch) is a mountain pass in northern Italy, at an elevation of above sea level.
Stura di Demonte (Stura) is a long river in northwestern Italy (Piedmont).
Styria (Steiermark,, Štajerska, Stájerország, Štýrsko) is a state or Bundesland, located in the southeast of Austria.
Sub-lieutenant is a junior military officer rank.
Suello is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Lecco in the Italian region Lombardy, located about northeast of Milan and about southwest of Lecco.
Susa (Segusio) is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Turin, Piedmont, Italy.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
The Tagliamento is a braided river in north-east Italy, flowing from the Alps to the Adriatic Sea at a point between Trieste and Venice.
The Tanaro, known as Tanarus in ancient times and Tane or Tani in piedmontese language, is a long river in northwestern Italy.
Tianjin, formerly romanized as Tientsin, is a coastal metropolis in northern China and one of the four national central cities of the People's Republic of China (PRC), with a total population of 15,469,500, and is also the world's 11th-most populous city proper.
Tirano (Tiràn, Thiran) is a town in Valtellina, located in the province of Sondrio in northern Italy.
The Toce is a river in Piedmont, Italy, which stretches the length of the Val d'Ossola from the Swiss border to Lake Maggiore into which it debouches near Fondotoce in the commune of Verbania.
Tolmezzo (Tumieç, Tolmeč, archaic Tolmein or Schönfeld) is a town and comune in the province of Udine, part of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of north-eastern Italy.
Tonale Pass (Passo del Tonale) (el. 1883 m./6178 ft.) is a high mountain pass in northern Italy across the Rhaetian Alps, between Lombardy and Trentino.
Torre Pellice is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about southwest of Turin.
A tripoint, trijunction, triple point or tri-border area is a geographical point at which the boundaries of three countries or subnational entities meet.
Turin (Torino; Turin) is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy.
Udine (Udin, Weiden in Friaul, Utinum, Videm) is a city and comune in northeastern Italy, in the middle of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region, between the Adriatic Sea and the Alps (Alpi Carniche).
Val Camonica (also Valcamonica or Camonica Valley, local dialect: Al Camònega) is one of the largest valleys of the central Alps, in eastern Lombardy, Italy.
The Val Chisone is one of the Occitan valleys of western Piedmont, situated in the Cottian Alps in the Metropolitan City of Turin in north-west Italy.
Gherdëina (Ladin:; Val Gardena; Gröden) is a valley in Northern Italy, in the Dolomites of South Tyrol.
Valtellina or the Valtelline (occasionally spelled as two words in English: Val Telline; Vuclina, Valtelina); Veltlin, Valtellina, Valtulina, Vuclina, is a valley in the Lombardy region of northern Italy, bordering Switzerland.
The Varaita (Piedmontese: Vràita; Varacho) is a river of the Province of Cuneo in northwest Italy.
The vânători de munte (English translation: Mountain Huntsmen) are the elite mountain troops of the Romanian Land Forces.
Veci is the nickname of the members on extended leave (Italian: in congedo) of the Alpini, a mountain infantry corps of the Italian Army, which distinguished itself in combat during World War I and World War II.
Veneto (or,; Vèneto) is one of the 20 regions of Italy.
Verbania (Verbania, Verbania) is the most populous comune (municipality) and the capital city of the province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola in the Piedmont region of northwest Italy.
Verona (Venetian: Verona or Veròna) is a city on the Adige river in Veneto, Italy, with approximately 257,000 inhabitants and one of the seven provincial capitals of the region.
Vestone is a comune in the province of Brescia, in Lombardy.
The Vetterli rifles were a series of Swiss army service rifles in use from 1869 to 1889,Barnes, p.196, "10.4x38R Swiss Vetterli M69/81".
A via ferrata (Italian for "iron path", plural vie ferrate or in English via ferratas) is a protected climbing route found in the Alps and certain other locations.
Vicenza is a city in northeastern Italy.
Vinadio is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Cuneo in the Italian region Piedmont, located about southwest of Turin and about southwest of Cuneo, on the border with France.
The War Cross for Military Valor (Croce di guerra al valor militare) is an Italian decoration for military valor.
The War in Afghanistan (or the U.S. War in Afghanistan; code named Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan (2001–2014) and Operation Freedom's Sentinel (2015–present)) followed the United States invasion of Afghanistan of October 7, 2001.
The Warsaw Pact, formally known as the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, was a collective defence treaty signed in Warsaw, Poland among the Soviet Union and seven Soviet satellite states of Central and Eastern Europe during the Cold War.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Military operations in World War II in Yugoslavia began on 6 April 1941, when the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was swiftly conquered by Axis forces and partitioned between Germany, Italy, Hungary, Bulgaria and client regimes.
The Yugoslav Partisans,Serbo-Croatian, Macedonian, Slovene: Partizani, Партизани or the National Liberation Army,Narodnooslobodilačka vojska (NOV), Народноослободилачка војска (НОВ); Народноослободителна војска (НОВ); Narodnoosvobodilna vojska (NOV) officially the National Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia,Narodnooslobodilačka vojska i partizanski odredi Jugoslavije (NOV i POJ), Народноослободилачка војска и партизански одреди Југославије (НОВ и ПОЈ); Народноослободителна војска и партизански одреди на Југославија (НОВ и ПОЈ); Narodnoosvobodilna vojska in partizanski odredi Jugoslavije (NOV in POJ) was the Communist-led resistance to the Axis powers (chiefly Germany) in occupied Yugoslavia during World War II.
Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija/Југославија; Jugoslavija; Југославија; Pannonian Rusyn: Югославия, transcr. Juhoslavija)Jugosllavia; Jugoszlávia; Juhoslávia; Iugoslavia; Jugoslávie; Iugoslavia; Yugoslavya; Югославия, transcr. Jugoslavija.
The 11th Alpini Regiment (11° Reggimento Alpini) was a light Infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The 12th Alpini Regiment (12° Reggimento Alpini) was a short lived (15 February 1936 to 1 July 1937 and 8 August 1992 to 31 January 1997) light Infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The 155th Infantry Division Emilia was an infantry division of the Italian Army during the Second World War, formed in December 1941 as a garrison division.
The 1908 Messina earthquake (also known as the 1908 Messina and Reggio earthquake) occurred on 28 December in Sicily and Calabria, southern Italy with a moment magnitude of 7.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme).
The 19th Infantry Division Venezia was a mountain infantry division of the Regio Esercito was raised in 1934 to serve in the Second Italo-Ethiopian War under the name Gavinana division.
The 1st Alpine Division Taurinense was a World War II light Infantry division of the Italian Army which specialised in Mountain Combat.
The 1st Alpini Regiment (1° Reggimento Alpini) was a light Infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The 1st Mountain Artillery Regiment 1° Reggimento Artiglieria da Montagna) is a field artillery regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain combat. Since their formation the Mountain Artillery Regiments had served alongside the Alpini, a mountain infantry corps of the Italian Army, that distinguished itself in combat prior to World War I to World War II. The Alpini and Mountain Artillery regiments share, besides their close history, the distinctive Cappello Alpino.
The 24th Alpine Maneuver Regiment (24° Reggimento di Manovra Alpino) is a Logistics regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The 2nd alpine Artillery Regiment 2° Reggimento Artiglieria Alpina) was a field artillery regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain combat. Since their formation the Mountain Artillery Regiments have served alongside the Alpini, a mountain infantry corps of the Italian Army, which distinguished itself in combat during World War I and World War II. Besides their close history, the Alpini and Mountain Artillery regiments share the distinctive Cappello Alpino. The regiment was disbanded in 2013 and its FH-70 towed howitzers were transferred to the re-raised 185th Parachute Artillery Regiment Folgore of the Folgore Parachute Brigade in Bracciano.
The 2nd Alpine Division Tridentina was a World War II Mountain Infantry division of the Italian Army.
The 2nd Alpine Engineer Regiment (2° Reggimento Genio Guastatori Alpino) is a military engineer regiment of the Italian Army in Trento specializing in mountain combat.
The 2nd Alpine Signal Regiment (2° Reggimento Trasmissioni Alpino) is a Signals regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The 2nd Alpini Regiment (2° Reggimento Alpini) is a light Infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain combat.
The 32nd Alpine Engineer Regiment (32° Reggimento Genio Guastatori Alpino) is a military engineer regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain combat.
The 3rd Alpine Division Julia was a World War II light Infantry division of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The 3rd Alpini Regiment (3° Reggimento Alpini) is a light Infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain combat.
The 3rd Mountain Artillery Regiment 3° Reggimento Artiglieria da Montagna) is a field artillery regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain combat. Since their formation the Mountain Artillery Regiments have served alongside the Alpini, a mountain infantry corps of the Italian Army, that distinguished itself in combat during World War I and World War II. The Alpini and Mountain Artillery regiments share, besides their close history, the distinctive Cappello Alpino.
The 4th Alpine Division Cuneense was an Italian division composed of Alpini - light Mountain Infantry - and Mountain Artillery units.
The 4th Alpini Paratroopers Regiment (4° Reggimento Alpini Paracadutisti) is a Ranger type infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain combat.
The 5th Alpini Division Pusteria was a light Infantry division of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The 5th Alpini Regiment (5° Reggimento Alpini) is a light infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The 6th Alpine Division Alpi Graie was a short-lived light Infantry division of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The 6th Alpini Regiment (6° Reggimento Alpini) is a light infantry training regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain warfare.
The 7th Alpini Regiment (7° Reggimento Alpini) is a light Infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in mountain combat.
The 8th Alpini Regiment (8° Reggimento Alpini) is a light Infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.
The 8th Mountain Division was raised as the 8th Indian Infantry division of the British Indian Army.
The 92nd Infantry Division (92nd Division, WWI) was a segregated infantry division of the United States Army that served in both World War I and World War II.
The 9th Alpini Regiment (9° Reggimento Alpini) is a light Infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat.