395 relations: A Different Flesh, A Midsummer Tempest, Aaron Allston, Ab Urbe Condita Libri, Ace Books, Ada or Ardor: A Family Chronicle, Adolf Hitler, Air pirate, Albert Einstein, Albert Gallatin, Alexander the Great, Alien space bats, Alternate ending, Alternate history, AlternateHistory.com, American Civil War, American Civil War alternate histories, American Revolution, Americas, Analog Science Fiction and Fact, Ancient Greek, André Maurois, Andre Norton, Angevin Empire, Annales school, Anno Domini, Aristopia, Aristotelian physics, Arthur C. Clarke, Artificial intelligence, Asia, Attack on Pearl Harbor, Axis of Time, Axis powers, Barry Hughart, Battle of Gettysburg, Battle of Midway, Battle of Zutphen, Battlestations: Pacific, Berlin, Bible, Black Death, Book of Mormon, Bridge of Birds, Bring the Jubilee, Brithenig, Bronze Age, Butterfly effect, Byzantine Empire, Carthage, ..., Castello Holford, Catalan language, Cavalier, Celestial Matters, Chaos theory, Charles I of England, Charles Lindbergh, Château de Châlus-Chabrol, Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, Chivalric romance, Chrestomanci, Christianity in Europe, Christopher Marlowe, Civilization (series), Civilization IV, Clifford D. Simak, Cold War, Collins English Dictionary, Command & Conquer: Red Alert, Confederate States of America, Constantinople, Constructed language, Contemporary fantasy, Counterfactual history, Crimson Skies, Crosstime Traffic, Crusader Kings II, Cuban Missile Crisis, Damnation (video game), David Deutsch, Degaussing, Delenda Est, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought, Diana Wynne Jones, Dieselpunk, Digitalis, Discworld, Doctor of the Church, Early Muslim conquests, East Coast of the United States, Edmund Kean, Elizabeth I of England, Elizabethan era, Elsewhen, Empire of Japan, English Civil War, Epic poetry, Eric Flint, Evelyn C. Leeper, Fallout (series), Fantastic (magazine), Fantasy world, Fatherland (novel), Ferromagnetism, Fictional universe, First French Empire, First-person shooter, Foundation (journal), Franklin D. Roosevelt, Fredric Brown, Freedom Fighters (video game), French invasion of Russia, French language, Fritz Leiber, Fusion power, Futaro Yamada, Future history, Galician language, Gavriel David Rosenfeld, Genre, Genre fiction, George Canning, George III of the United Kingdom, George Orwell, George Washington, German Empire, German language, Gettysburg: A Novel of the Civil War, Gnosticism, God, Gold, Golden plates, Great Britain, Great Depression, Great man theory, Greg Egan, Gregory Benford, Guido Morselli, H. Beam Piper, H. G. Wells, Habsburg Spain, Harry Harrison (writer), Harry Potter, Harry Potter and the Cursed Child, Harry Turtledove, Hendrik Willem van Loon, Henry Moseley, Hilaire Belloc, Hiroshi Aramata, Historical fiction, Historical revisionism, History Monks, Howard Waldrop, Hugh Everett III, Hugo Award, Hypothetical Axis victory in World War II, Ice age, If It Had Happened Otherwise, Ill Bethisad, Imperial Japanese Navy, In the Presence of Mine Enemies, Industrial Revolution, Invasion literature, Isaac Asimov, Islamic calendar, Island in the Sea of Time, Italian Front (World War I), Italian language, Italy, J. C. Squire, Jack L. Chalker, James Bond, James P. Hogan (writer), James Thurber, Jingo (novel), Jo Walton, Joanot Martorell, John Barnes (author), John Birmingham, John Dee, John Keats, Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell, Jonbar hinge, Joseph Smith, Joseph Stalin, Josepha Sherman, Keith Laumer, Keith Roberts, Kent State University, Kim Stanley Robinson, Kingsley Amis, L. Neil Smith, L. Sprague de Camp, Landsberg Prison, Larry Niven, Latter Day Saint movement, Lest Darkness Fall, Libertarian utopia, List of Ace double titles, List of alternate history fiction, List of stories set in a future now past, List of writing genres, Literary fiction, Livy, Lord Byron, Lord Darcy (character), Lord Kalvan of Otherwhen, Louis Geoffroy, Louis XVI of France, Macroscopic scale, Mailing list, Making History (novel), Manhattan, Many-worlds interpretation, Marquette University, Martin Cruz Smith, Martin H. Greenberg, Martin Luther, Marxist historiography, Matter of France, McCarthyism, Measure (mathematics), Megas doux, Mehmed the Conqueror, Melissa Scott, Men at Arms, Men Like Gods, Metal Gear, Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake, Metal Gear Solid, Michael Chabon, Michael D. Coe, Michael Kurland, Michael McCollum, Middle East, Mike Resnick, Mitch Horowitz, Multiverse, Murray Leinster, Musubi no Yama Hiroku, Nantucket, Napoleon, Nat Schachner, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Nazi Germany, Neologism, Newt Gingrich, Night Watch (Discworld), Nineteen Eighty-Four, Noir fiction, Norman Spinrad, North America, North American Confederacy, Old World, Oliver Cromwell, Omnipotence, Operation Chaos (novel), Operation Luna, Operation Sea Lion, Orson Scott Card, Ostrogoths, Ottoman Empire, Oxford University Press, P. D. Ouspensky, P.'s Correspondence, Paradox Interactive, Parallel universes in fiction, Paratime series, Patricia Wrede, Pavane (novel), Percy Bysshe Shelley, Peter Damian, Philip K. Dick, Philip Roth, Philip Sidney, Portuguese language, Poul Anderson, Prohibition, Propaganda, Quantum mechanics, Randall Garrett, Recursive science fiction, Red Dawn, Reformed Egyptian, Religious text, Resident Evil, Resident Evil (1996 video game), Resident Evil 2, Resident Evil 4, Retrofuturism, Rhye's and Fall of Civilization, Richard C. Meredith, Richard Dreyfuss, Richard Garfinkle, Richard I of England, Ring Around the Sun (novel), Robert A. Heinlein, Robert Burns, Robert Charles Wilson, Robert E. Lee, Robert Harris (novelist), Roman Empire, Rome, Ruled Britannia, Ruritanian romance, Russian Empire, Ryō Hanmura, S. M. Stirling, S.T.A.L.K.E.R., Sam Merwin Jr., Science fiction, Seattle, Second Punic War, Secret history, Short story, Sidewise Award for Alternate History, Sidewise in Time, Sir Charles Petrie, 3rd Baronet, Sitka, Alaska, Sliders, Social history, Southern Victory, Soviet Union, Spanish Armada, Spanish language, Stanley Schmidt, Steampunk, Stephen Fry, Steven H Silver, Syfy, Teito Monogatari, Terry Pratchett, The Alteration, The Big Time, The End of Eternity, The Iron Dream, The Man in the High Castle, The Plot Against America, The Probability Broach, The Proteus Operation, The Tales of Alvin Maker, The Two Georges, The Years of Rice and Salt, The Yiddish Policemen's Union, Thief of Time, Thirty Years' War, Three Hearts and Three Lions, Time travel, Time travel in fiction, Timestream, Timur, Tirant lo Blanch, Tokyo, Transistor, Trope (literature), Turning Point: Fall of Liberty, Uchronia, Uchronia: The Alternate History List, Union (American Civil War), University of California, University of Cape Town, University of North Carolina, Usenet, Utopia, Vacuum tube, Video game, Virginia, Vladimir Nabokov, War Front: Turning Point, Ward Moore, Warsaw Pact, Wenedyk, West Virginia, What If? (essays), What If—, What Mad Universe, Whiskey Rebellion, William R. Forstchen, William Shakespeare, Winston Churchill, Winx Club (season 4), Witch Week, Wolfenstein II: The New Colossus, Wolfenstein: The New Order, World in Conflict, World of Winx, World War I, World War II, Worlds of the Imperium, Worldwar series, Wu Zetian, Wunderwaffe, 1632 series, 1945 (Gingrich and Forstchen novel), 2001: A Space Odyssey (novel). Expand index (345 more) » « Shrink index
A Different Flesh is a collection of alternate history short stories by Harry Turtledove set in a world in which Homo erectus and various megafauna survived in the Americas instead of Native Americans or any other human cultures.
A Midsummer Tempest is a 1974 alternative history fantasy novel by Poul Anderson.
Aaron Dale Allston (December 8, 1960 – February 27, 2014) was an American game designer and author of many science fiction books, notably Star Wars novels.
Livy's History of Rome, sometimes referred to as Ab Urbe Condita, is a monumental history of ancient Rome, written in Latin, between 27 and 9 BC.
Ace Books is an American specialty publisher of science fiction and fantasy books.
Ada, or Ardor: A Family Chronicle is a novel by Vladimir Nabokov published in 1969.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Air pirates (also known as sky pirates) are a type of stock character from science fiction and fantasy.
Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).
Abraham Alfonse Albert Gallatin (January 29, 1761 – August 12, 1849) was a Swiss-American politician, diplomat, ethnologist and linguist.
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.
"Alien space bats" ("ASBs") is a neologism for plot devices used in alternate history to mean an implausible point of divergence.
Alternate ending (British English: alternative ending) is a term used (usually in movies) to describe the ending of a story that was planned or debated but ultimately unused in favor of the actual ending.
Alternate history or alternative history (Commonwealth English), sometimes abbreviated as AH, is a genre of fiction consisting of stories in which one or more historical events occur differently.
AlternateHistory.com is a web forum dedicated to the discussion of alternate history.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
American Civil War alternate histories are alternate history fiction that focuses on the Civil War (or a lack thereof) ending differently.
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
Analog Science Fiction and Fact is an American science-fiction magazine published under various titles since 1930.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
André Maurois (born Émile Salomon Wilhelm Herzog; 26 July 1885 – 9 October 1967) was a French author.
Andre Alice Norton (born Alice Mary Norton, February 17, 1912 – March 17, 2005) was an American writer of science fiction and fantasy, who also wrote works of historical fiction and contemporary fiction.
The Angevin Empire (L'Empire Plantagenêt) is a collective exonym referring to the possessions of the Angevin kings of England, who also held lands in France, during the 12th and 13th centuries.
The Annales school is a group of historians associated with a style of historiography developed by French historians in the 20th century to stress long-term social history.
The terms anno Domini (AD) and before Christ (BC) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
Aristopia: A Romance-History of the New World is an 1895 utopian novel by Castello Holford, considered the first novel-length alternate history in English (and among the earliest alternate histories in general).
Aristotelian physics is a form of natural science described in the works of the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384–).
Sir Arthur Charles Clarke (16 December 1917 – 19 March 2008) was a British science fiction writer, science writer and futurist, inventor, undersea explorer, and television series host.
Artificial intelligence (AI, also machine intelligence, MI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941.
The Axis of Time trilogy is an alternative history series of novels written by Australian journalist and author John Birmingham, from Macmillan Publishing.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
Barry Hughart (born March 13, 1934 in Peoria, Illinois), is an American author of fantasy novels.
The Battle of Gettysburg (with an sound) was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, by Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War.
The Battle of Midway was a decisive naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II which occurred between 4 and 7 June 1942, only six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor and one month after the Battle of the Coral Sea.
The Battle of Zutphen was fought on 22 September 1586, near the village of Warnsveld and the town of Zutphen, the Netherlands, during the Eighty Years' War.
Battlestations: Pacific is an action and real-time tactics video game published by Eidos Interactive and developed by Eidos Hungary.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.
The Black Death, also known as the Great Plague, the Black Plague, or simply the Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.
The Book of Mormon is a sacred text of the Latter Day Saint movement, which adherents believe contains writings of ancient prophets who lived on the American continent from approximately 2200 BC to AD 421.
Bridge of Birds is a fantasy novel by Barry Hughart, first published in 1984.
Bring the Jubilee is a 1953 novel of alternate history by American writer Ward Moore.
Brithenig is an invented language, or constructed language ("conlang").
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
In chaos theory, the butterfly effect is the sensitive dependence on initial conditions in which a small change in one state of a deterministic nonlinear system can result in large differences in a later state.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
Carthage (from Carthago; Punic:, Qart-ḥadašt, "New City") was the center or capital city of the ancient Carthaginian civilization, on the eastern side of the Lake of Tunis in what is now the Tunis Governorate in Tunisia.
Castello Holford was an American writer best known for writing Aristopia in 1895.
Catalan (autonym: català) is a Western Romance language derived from Vulgar Latin and named after the medieval Principality of Catalonia, in northeastern modern Spain.
The term Cavalier was first used by Roundheads as a term of abuse for the wealthier Royalist supporters of King Charles I and his son Charles II of England during the English Civil War, the Interregnum, and the Restoration (1642 – c. 1679).
Celestial Matters is a science fantasy novel, set in an alternate universe with different laws of physics, written by Richard Garfinkle and published by Tor Books in 1996.
Chaos theory is a branch of mathematics focusing on the behavior of dynamical systems that are highly sensitive to initial conditions.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Charles Augustus Lindbergh (February 4, 1902 – August 26, 1974), nicknamed Lucky Lindy, The Lone Eagle, and Slim was an American aviator, military officer, author, inventor, explorer, and environmental activist.
The Château de Chalus-Chabrol (Occitan Limousin: Chasteu de Chasluç-Chabròl) is a castle in the commune of Châlus in the département of Haute-Vienne, France.
The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Zone of Alienation (translit, translit) is an officially designated exclusion zone around the site of the Chernobyl nuclear reactor disaster.
As a literary genre of high culture, romance or chivalric romance is a type of prose and verse narrative that was popular in the aristocratic circles of High Medieval and Early Modern Europe.
Chrestomanci, sometimes branded The Worlds of Chrestomanci, is a heptalogy of children's fantasy books written by British author Diana Wynne Jones, published from 1977 to 2006.
Christianity is the largest religion in Europe.
Christopher Marlowe, also known as Kit Marlowe (baptised 26 February 156430 May 1593), was an English playwright, poet and translator of the Elizabethan era.
Civilization is a series of turn-based strategy video games, its first release in 1991.
Civilization IV (also known as Sid Meier's Civilization IV) is a turn-based strategy computer game and the fourth installment of the ''Civilization'' series.
Clifford Donald Simak (August 3, 1904 – April 25, 1988) was an American science fiction writer.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
The Collins English Dictionary is a printed and online dictionary of English.
Command & Conquer: Red Alert is a real-time strategy video game of the ''Command & Conquer'' franchise, produced by Westwood Studios and released by Virgin Interactive Entertainment in.
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis; Constantinopolis) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine Empire (330–1204 and 1261–1453), and also of the brief Latin (1204–1261), and the later Ottoman (1453–1923) empires.
A constructed language (sometimes called a conlang) is a language whose phonology, grammar, and vocabulary have been consciously devised for human or human-like communication, instead of having developed naturally.
Contemporary fantasy, also known as modern fantasy or indigenous fantasy, is a subgenre of fantasy, set in the present day or, more accurately, the time period of the maker.
Counterfactual history, also sometimes referred to as virtual history, is a form of historiography that attempts to answer "what if" questions known as counterfactuals.
Crimson Skies is a computer game media franchise and fictional universe created by Jordan Weisman and Dave McCoy, first released as a board game in 1998 and then as a PC game in 2000.
Crosstime Traffic is a series of books by Harry Turtledove.
Crusader Kings II is a grand strategy game set in the Middle Ages, developed by Paradox Development Studio and published by Paradox Interactive as a sequel to Crusader Kings.
The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the October Crisis of 1962 (Crisis de Octubre), the Caribbean Crisis, or the Missile Scare, was a 13-day (October 16–28, 1962) confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union concerning American ballistic missile deployment in Italy and Turkey with consequent Soviet ballistic missile deployment in Cuba.
Damnation is a steampunk shooter, developed by Blue Omega Entertainment and published by Codemasters.
David Elieser Deutsch (born 18 May 1953) is an Israeli-born British physicist at the University of Oxford.
Degaussing is the process of decreasing or eliminating a remnant magnetic field.
"Delenda Est" is a science fiction short story by American writer Poul Anderson, part of his Time Patrol series.
Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought is an independent quarterly journal of "Mormon thought" that addresses a wide range of issues on Mormonism and the Latter Day Saint Movement.
Diana Wynne Jones (16 August 1934 – 26 March 2011) was a British writer, principally of fantasy novels for children and adults.
Dieselpunk is a genre similar to steampunk that combines the aesthetics of the diesel-based technology of the interwar period through to the 1950s with retro-futuristic technology and postmodern sensibilities.
Digitalis is a genus of about 20 species of herbaceous perennials, shrubs, and biennials commonly called foxgloves.
Discworld is a comic fantasy book series written by the English author Terry Pratchett (1948–2015), set on the fictional Discworld, a flat disc balanced on the backs of four elephants which in turn stand on the back of a giant turtle, Great A'Tuin.
Doctor of the Church (Latin doctor "teacher") is a title given by the Catholic Church to saints whom they recognize as having been of particular importance, particularly regarding their contribution to theology or doctrine.
The early Muslim conquests (الفتوحات الإسلامية, al-Futūḥāt al-Islāmiyya) also referred to as the Arab conquests and early Islamic conquests began with the Islamic prophet Muhammad in the 7th century.
The East Coast of the United States is the coastline along which the Eastern United States meets the North Atlantic Ocean.
Edmund Kean (4 November 178715 May 1833) was a celebrated British Shakespearean stage actor born in England, who performed, among other places, in London, Belfast, New York, Quebec, and Paris. He was somewhat notorious for his short stature, tumultuous personal life, and controversial divorce.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.
The Elizabethan era is the epoch in the Tudor period of the history of England during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558–1603).
"Elsewhen" (1941) is a science fiction novella by American writer Robert A. Heinlein, concerning time travel and parallel universes.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance.
An epic poem, epic, epos, or epopee is a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily involving a time beyond living memory in which occurred the extraordinary doings of the extraordinary men and women who, in dealings with the gods or other superhuman forces, gave shape to the moral universe that their descendants, the poet and his audience, must understand to understand themselves as a people or nation.
Eric Flint (born February 6, 1947) is an American author, editor, and e-publisher.
Evelyn C. Leeper is an American writer, critic, and active member of science fiction fandom.
Fallout is a series of post-apocalyptic role-playing video games.
Fantastic was an American digest-size fantasy and science fiction magazine, published from 1952 to 1980.
A fantasy world is a human conceived world created in fictional media, such as literature, film or games.
Fatherland is a 1992 alternate history detective novel by English writer and journalist Robert Harris.
Ferromagnetism is the basic mechanism by which certain materials (such as iron) form permanent magnets, or are attracted to magnets.
A fictional universe is a self-consistent setting with events, and often other elements, that differ from the real world.
The First French Empire (Empire Français) was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
First-person shooter (FPS) is a video game genre centered around gun and other weapon-based combat in a first-person perspective; that is, the player experiences the action through the eyes of the protagonist.
Foundation: The International Review of Science Fiction is a critical peer-reviewed literary magazine established in 1972 that publishes articles and reviews about science fiction.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Fredric Brown (October 29, 1906 – March 11, 1972) was an American science fiction and mystery writer.
Freedom Fighters is a 2003 third-person shooter video game for the PlayStation 2, GameCube, Xbox and Microsoft Windows.
The French invasion of Russia, known in Russia as the Patriotic War of 1812 (Отечественная война 1812 года Otechestvennaya Voyna 1812 Goda) and in France as the Russian Campaign (Campagne de Russie), began on 24 June 1812 when Napoleon's Grande Armée crossed the Neman River in an attempt to engage and defeat the Russian army.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Fritz Reuter Leiber Jr. (December 24, 1910 – September 5, 1992) was an American writer of fantasy, horror, and science fiction.
Fusion power is a form of power generation in which energy is generated by using fusion reactions to produce heat for electricity generation.
was the pen name of, a Japanese author.
A future history is a postulated history of the future and is used by authors of science fiction and other speculative fiction to construct a common background for fiction.
Galician (galego) is an Indo-European language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch.
Gavriel D. Rosenfeld is Professor of History and Director of the Undergraduate Program in Judaic Studies at Fairfield University.
Genre is any form or type of communication in any mode (written, spoken, digital, artistic, etc.) with socially-agreed upon conventions developed over time.
Genre fiction, also known as popular fiction, is plot-driven fictional works written with the intent of fitting into a specific literary genre, in order to appeal to readers and fans already familiar with that genre.
George Canning (11 April 17708 August 1827) was a British statesman and Tory politician who served in various senior cabinet positions under numerous Prime Ministers, before himself serving as Prime Minister for the final four months of his life.
George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820.
Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950), better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic whose work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism and outspoken support of democratic socialism.
George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
Gettysburg: A Novel of the Civil War is an alternate history novel written by Newt Gingrich and William R. Forstchen.
Gnosticism (from γνωστικός gnostikos, "having knowledge", from γνῶσις, knowledge) is a modern name for a variety of ancient religious ideas and systems, originating in Jewish-Christian milieus in the first and second century AD.
In monotheistic thought, God is conceived of as the Supreme Being and the principal object of faith.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.
According to Latter Day Saint belief, the golden plates (also called the gold plates or in some 19th-century literature, the golden bible) are the source from which Joseph Smith said he translated the Book of Mormon, a sacred text of the faith.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
The great man theory is a 19th-century idea according to which history can be largely explained by the impact of great men, or heroes; highly influential individuals who, due to either their personal charisma, intelligence, wisdom, or political skill used their power in a way that had a decisive historical impact.
Greg Egan (born 20 August 1961) is an Australian science fiction writer.
Gregory Benford (born January 30, 1941) is an American science fiction author and astrophysicist who is on the faculty of the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of California, Irvine.
Guido Morselli (August 15, 1912 - July 30, 1973) was an Italian novelist and essayist.
Henry Beam Piper (March 23, 1904 –) was an American science fiction author.
Herbert George Wells.
Habsburg Spain refers to the history of Spain over the 16th and 17th centuries (1516–1700), when it was ruled by kings from the House of Habsburg (also associated with its role in the history of Central Europe).
Harry Max Harrison (born Henry Maxwell Dempsey; March 12, 1925 – August 15, 2012) was an American science fiction author, known for his character The Stainless Steel Rat and for his novel Make Room! Make Room! (1966).
Harry Potter is a series of fantasy novels written by British author J. K. Rowling.
Harry Potter and the Cursed Child is a two-part stage play written by Jack Thorne based on an original new story by Thorne, J. K. Rowling and John Tiffany.
Harry Norman Turtledove (born June 14, 1949) is an American novelist, best known for his work in the genres of alternate history, historical fiction, fantasy, and science fiction.
Hendrik Willem van Loon (January 14, 1882 – March 11, 1944) was a Dutch-American historian, journalist, and award-winning children's book author.
Henry Gwyn Jeffreys Moseley (23 November 1887 – 10 August 1915) was an English physicist, whose contribution to the science of physics was the justification from physical laws of the previous empirical and chemical concept of the atomic number.
Joseph Hilaire Pierre René Belloc (27 July 187016 July 1953) was an Anglo-French writer and historian.
is a Japanese author, polymath, critic, translator and specialist in natural history, iconography and cartography.
Historical fiction is a literary genre in which the plot takes place in a setting located in the past.
In historiography, the term historical revisionism identifies the re-interpretation of the historical record.
History Monks (also known as The Order of Wen the Eternally Surprised, The Fighting Order of Wen, Men In Saffron and No Such Monastery) is a fictional secretive religious organisation in the Discworld novels of Terry Pratchett, based in the Monastery of Oi-Dong.
Howard Waldrop (born September 15, 1946, in Houston, Mississippi) is a science fiction author who works primarily in short fiction.
Hugh Everett III (November 11, 1930 – July 19, 1982) was an American physicist who first proposed the many-worlds interpretation (MWI) of quantum physics, which he termed his "relative state" formulation.
The Hugo Awards are a set of literary awards given annually for the best science fiction or fantasy works and achievements of the previous year.
A hypothetical Axis victory in World War II is a common concept of alternative history and counterfactual history.
An ice age is a period of long-term reduction in the temperature of Earth's surface and atmosphere, resulting in the presence or expansion of continental and polar ice sheets and alpine glaciers.
If It Had Happened Otherwise is a 1931 collection of essays edited by J. C. Squire and published by Longmans, Green.
Ill Bethisad is an ongoing, collaborative alternate history project which currently has over 70 participants, originally created by Andrew Smith from New Zealand It was initiated in 1997 as the Brithenig Project.
The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN; Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍 or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun, "Navy of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the navy of the Empire of Japan from 1868 until 1945, when it was dissolved following Japan's defeat and surrender in World War II.
In the Presence of Mine Enemies (2003) is an alternate history novel by American author Harry Turtledove, expanded from the eponymous short story.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
Invasion literature (or the invasion novel) is a literary genre most notable between 1871 and the First World War (1914) but still practised to this day.
Isaac Asimov (January 2, 1920 – April 6, 1992) was an American writer and professor of biochemistry at Boston University.
The Islamic, Muslim, or Hijri calendar (التقويم الهجري at-taqwīm al-hijrī) is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 months in a year of 354 or 355 days.
Island in the Sea of Time (ISOT) is the first of the three alternate history novels of the Nantucket series by S. M. Stirling.
The Italian Front (Fronte italiano; in Gebirgskrieg, "Mountain war") was a series of battles at the border between Austria-Hungary and Italy, fought between 1915 and 1918 in World War I. Following the secret promises made by the Allies in the Treaty of London, Italy entered the war in order to annex the Austrian Littoral and northern Dalmatia, and the territories of present-day Trentino and South Tyrol.
Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Sir John Collings Squire (2 April 1884 – 20 December 1958) was a British writer, most notable as editor of the London Mercury, a major literary magazine between the world wars.
Jack Laurence Chalker (December 17, 1944 – February 11, 2005) was an American science fiction author.
The James Bond series focuses on a fictional British Secret Service agent created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming, who featured him in twelve novels and two short-story collections.
James Patrick Hogan (27 June 1941 – 12 July 2010) was a British science fiction author.
James Grover Thurber (December 8, 1894 – November 2, 1961) was an American cartoonist, author, humorist, journalist, playwright, and celebrated wit.
Jingo is a fantasy novel by British writer Terry Pratchett, part of his Discworld series.
Jo Walton (born December 1, 1964) is a Welsh-Canadian fantasy and science fiction writer and poet.
Joanot Martorell (Gandia, south of Valencia, 1413 – 1468) was a Valencian knight and the author of the novel Tirant lo Blanch, written in the Valencian vernacular (Martorell calls it vulgar llengua valenciana) and published at Valencia in 1490.
John Barnes (born 1957 in Angola, Indiana) is an American science fiction author.
John Birmingham (born 7 August 1964) is a British-born left-wing Australian author, known for the 1994 memoir He Died with a Felafel in His Hand, and his Axis of Time trilogy.
John Dee (13 July 1527 – 1608 or 1609) was an English mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, occult philosopher, and advisor to Queen Elizabeth I. He devoted much of his life to the study of alchemy, divination, and Hermetic philosophy.
John Keats (31 October 1795 – 23 February 1821) was an English Romantic poet.
Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell is the debut novel by British writer Susanna Clarke.
In science-fiction criticism, a Jonbar hinge or Jonbar point is the fictional concept of a crucial point of divergence between two outcomes, especially in time-travel stories.
Joseph Smith Jr. (December 23, 1805 – June 27, 1844) was an American religious leader and founder of Mormonism and the Latter Day Saint movement.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Josepha Sherman (December 12, 1946 – August 23, 2012) was an American author, folklorist, and anthologist.
John Keith Laumer (–) was an American science fiction author.
Keith John Kingston Roberts (20 September 1935 – 5 October 2000), was an English science fiction author.
Kent State University (KSU) is a large, primarily residential, public research university in Kent, Ohio, United States.
Kim Stanley Robinson (born March 23, 1952) is an American writer of science fiction.
Sir Kingsley William Amis, CBE (16 April 1922 – 22 October 1995) was an English novelist, poet, critic, and teacher.
Lester Neil Smith III (born May 12, 1946), better known as L. Neil Smith, is an American libertarian science fiction author and political activist.
Lyon Sprague de Camp (27 November 1907 – 6 November 2000), better known as L. Sprague de Camp, was an American writer of science fiction, fantasy and non-fiction.
Landsberg Prison is a penal facility located in the town of Landsberg am Lech in the southwest of the German state of Bavaria, about west of Munich and south of Augsburg.
Laurence van Cott Niven (born April 30, 1938) is an American science fiction writer.
The Latter Day Saint movement (also called the LDS movement, LDS restorationist movement, or Smith–Rigdon movement) is the collection of independent church groups that trace their origins to a Christian primitivist movement founded by Joseph Smith in the late 1820s.
Lest Darkness Fall is an alternate history science fiction novel written in 1939 by author L. Sprague de Camp.
There have been many attempts and proposals to create a libertarian utopia.
American company Ace Books began publishing genre fiction starting in 1952.
This is a list of alternate history fiction, sorted by type.
This is a list of fictional stories that, when written, were set in the future, but the future they predicted has now passed.
Writing genres (commonly known, more narrowly, as literary genres) are determined by narrative technique, tone, content, and sometimes length.
Literary fiction is fiction that is regarded as having literary merit, as distinguished from most commercial or "genre" fiction.
Titus Livius Patavinus (64 or 59 BCAD 12 or 17) – often rendered as Titus Livy, or simply Livy, in English language sources – was a Roman historian.
George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron (22 January 1788 – 19 April 1824), known as Lord Byron, was an English nobleman, poet, peer, politician, and leading figure in the Romantic movement.
Lord Darcy is a detective in an alternate history, created by Randall Garrett.
Lord Kalvan of Otherwhen is a 1965 science fiction novel by American writer H. Beam Piper; it is part of his Paratime series of stories, and was expanded by other writers to form the Kalvan series.
Louis Geoffroy (1803–1858) was the pseudonym of Louis-Napoléon Geoffroy-Château, a French writer who penned one of the earliest works of alternate history.
Louis XVI (23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793), born Louis-Auguste, was the last King of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution.
The macroscopic scale is the length scale on which objects or phenomena are large enough to be visible almost practically with the naked eye, without magnifying optical instruments.
A mailing list is a collection of names and addresses used by an individual or an organization to send material to multiple recipients.
Making History (1996) is the third novel by Stephen Fry.
Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.
The many-worlds interpretation is an interpretation of quantum mechanics that asserts the objective reality of the universal wavefunction and denies the actuality of wavefunction collapse.
Marquette University is a private, coeducational Catholic university located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in the central United States.
Martin Cruz Smith (born November 3, 1942) is an American mystery novelist.
Martin Harry Greenberg (March 1, 1941 – June 25, 2011) was an American academic and speculative fiction anthologist.
Martin Luther, (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.
Marxist historiography, or historical materialist historiography, is a school of historiography influenced by Marxism.
The Matter of France, also known as the Carolingian cycle, is a body of literature and legendary material associated with the history of France, in particular involving Charlemagne and his associates.
McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence.
In mathematical analysis, a measure on a set is a systematic way to assign a number to each suitable subset of that set, intuitively interpreted as its size.
The megas doux (μέγας δούξ; grand duke) was one of the highest positions in the hierarchy of the later Byzantine Empire, denoting the commander-in-chief of the Byzantine navy.
Mehmed II (محمد ثانى, Meḥmed-i sānī; Modern II.; 30 March 1432 – 3 May 1481), commonly known as Mehmed the Conqueror (Fatih Sultan Mehmet), was an Ottoman Sultan who ruled first for a short time from August 1444 to September 1446, and later from February 1451 to May 1481.
Melissa Scott (born 1960, Little Rock, Arkansas) is a science fiction and fantasy author noted for her science fiction novels featuring LGBT characters and elaborate settings.
Men at Arms is a fantasy novel by British writer Terry Pratchett, the 15th book in the Discworld series, first published in 1993.
Men Like Gods (1923) is a novel—referred to by the author as a "scientific fantasy"—by H. G. Wells.
is a series of action-adventure stealth video games, created by Hideo Kojima and developed and published by Konami.
Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake is an overhead action-adventure stealth video game, with the tagline "Tactical Espionage Game", that was originally released by Konami in for the MSX2 computer platform.
Metal Gear Solid is an action-adventure stealth video game produced by Konami Computer Entertainment Japan and released for the PlayStation in 1998.
Michael Chabon (born May 24, 1963) is an American novelist and short story writer.
Michael D. Coe (born 1929) is an American archaeologist, anthropologist, epigrapher and author.
Michael Joseph Kurland (born March 1, 1938) is an American author, best known for his works of science fiction and detective fiction.
Michael Allen McCollum (born 1946 in Phoenix, Arizona) is an American science fiction author and aerospace engineer.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
Michael Diamond Resnick (born March 5, 1942) is an American science fiction writer under the name Mike Resnick.
Mitch Horowitz is an American writer in occult and esoteric themes.
The multiverse (or meta-universe) is a hypothetical group of multiple separate universes including the universe in which humans live.
Murray Leinster (June 16, 1896 – June 8, 1975) was a nom de plume of William Fitzgerald Jenkins, an American writer of science fiction and alternate history literature.
Musubi no Yama Hiroku (産霊山秘録 The Secret History of Mt. Musubi) is an epic historical fantasy novel by Ryō Hanmura.
Nantucket is an island about by ferry south from Cape Cod, in the U.S. state of Massachusetts.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Nat Schachner (full name Nathaniel Schachner; January 16, 1895 – 1955), also appearing as "Nathan Schachner" was an American author.
Nathaniel Hawthorne (né Hathorne; July 4, 1804 – May 19, 1864) was an American novelist, dark romantic, and short story writer.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
A neologism (from Greek νέο- néo-, "new" and λόγος lógos, "speech, utterance") is a relatively recent or isolated term, word, or phrase that may be in the process of entering common use, but that has not yet been fully accepted into mainstream language.
Newton Leroy Gingrich (né McPherson; born June 17, 1943) is an American politician and author, born in Pennsylvania, later representing Georgia in Congress, and ultimately serving as 50th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1995 to 1999.
Night Watch is a fantasy novel by British writer Terry Pratchett, the 29th book in his Discworld series, published in 2002.
Nineteen Eighty-Four, often published as 1984, is a dystopian novel published in 1949 by English author George Orwell.
Noir fiction (or roman noir) is a literary genre closely related to hardboiled genre, with a distinction that the protagonist is not a detective, but instead either a victim, a suspect, or a perpetrator.
Norman Richard Spinrad (born September 15, 1940) is an American science fiction author, essayist, and critic.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
North American Confederacy is an alternate history series of novels created by L. Neil Smith.
The term "Old World" is used in the West to refer to Africa, Asia and Europe (Afro-Eurasia or the World Island), regarded collectively as the part of the world known to its population before contact with the Americas and Oceania (the "New World").
Oliver Cromwell (25 April 15993 September 1658) was an English military and political leader.
Omnipotence is the quality of having unlimited power.
Operation Chaos is a 1971 science fantasy fixup novel by American writer Poul Anderson.
Operation Luna is a science fantasy novel by American writer Poul Anderson, published in August 1999; it is the sequel to the 1971 fixup novel Operation Chaos by the same author.
Operation Sea Lion, also written as Operation Sealion (Unternehmen Seelöwe), was Nazi Germany's code name for the plan for an invasion of the United Kingdom during the Battle of Britain in the Second World War.
Orson Scott Card (born August 24, 1951) is an American novelist, critic, public speaker, essayist, and columnist.
The Ostrogoths (Ostrogothi, Austrogothi) were the eastern branch of the later Goths (the other major branch being the Visigoths).
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Pyotr Demianovich Ouspenskii (known in English as Peter D. Ouspensky, Пётр Демья́нович Успе́нский; 5 March 1878 – 2 October 1947), was a Russian esotericist known for his expositions of the early work of the Greek-Armenian teacher of esoteric doctrine George Gurdjieff, whom he met in Moscow in 1915.
"P.'s Correspondence" is an 1845 sketch by the 19th century American writer Nathaniel Hawthorne.
Paradox Interactive is a Swedish video game publisher based in Stockholm.
A parallel universe is a hypothetical self-contained reality co-existing with one's own.
The Paratime series written by H. Beam Piper consists of several short stories, one novella, and one novel; they deal with an advanced civilization that is able to travel between parallel universes with alternate histories, and uses that ability to trade for goods and services that their own, exhausted Earth cannot provide.
Patricia Collins Wrede (born March 27, 1953) is an American author of fantasy literature.
Pavane is an alternative history science fiction fix-up novel by British writer Keith Roberts, first published by Rupert Hart-Davis Ltd in 1968.
Percy Bysshe Shelley (4 August 17928 July 1822) was one of the major English Romantic poets, and is regarded by some as among the finest lyric and philosophical poets in the English language, and one of the most influential.
Saint Peter Damian (Petrus Damianus; Pietro or Pier Damiani; – 21 or 22 February 1072 or 1073) was a reforming Benedictine monk and cardinal in the circle of Pope Leo IX.
Philip Kindred Dick (December 16, 1928 – March 2, 1982) was an American writer known for his work in science fiction.
Philip Milton Roth (March 19, 1933 – May 22, 2018) was an American novelist and short-story writer.
Sir Philip Sidney (30 November 1554 – 17 October 1586) was an English poet, courtier, scholar, and soldier, who is remembered as one of the most prominent figures of the Elizabethan age.
Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating from the regions of Galicia and northern Portugal in the 9th century.
Poul William Anderson (November 25, 1926 – July 31, 2001) was an American science fiction author who began his career in the 1940s and continued to write into the 21st century.
Prohibition is the illegality of the manufacturing, storage in barrels or bottles, transportation, sale, possession, and consumption of alcohol including alcoholic beverages, or a period of time during which such illegality was enforced.
Propaganda is information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented.
Quantum mechanics (QM; also known as quantum physics, quantum theory, the wave mechanical model, or matrix mechanics), including quantum field theory, is a fundamental theory in physics which describes nature at the smallest scales of energy levels of atoms and subatomic particles.
Randall Garrett (December 16, 1927 – December 31, 1987) was an American science fiction and fantasy author.
Recursive science fiction is a subgenre of science fiction, which itself takes the form of an exploration of science fiction within the narrative of the story.
Red Dawn is a 1984 American war film directed by John Milius, filmed in Metrocolor and Panavision, and co-written by Milius and Kevin Reynolds.
The Book of Mormon, a work of scripture of the Latter Day Saint movement, describes itself as having originally been written in reformed Egyptian characters on plates of metal or "ore" by prophets living in the Western Hemisphere from perhaps as early as the 4th century BC until as late as the 5th century AD.
Religious texts (also known as scripture, or scriptures, from the Latin scriptura, meaning "writing") are texts which religious traditions consider to be central to their practice or beliefs.
Resident Evil, known in Japan as Biohazard, is a media franchise created by Shinji Mikami and Tokuro Fujiwara and owned by the Japanese video game company Capcom.
Resident Evil, known in Japan as Bio Hazard, is a survival horror video game developed and released by Capcom originally for the PlayStation in 1996, and is the first game in the Resident Evil series.
Resident Evil 2, known in Japan as Biohazard 2, is a survival horror game developed and published by Capcom and released for the PlayStation in 1998.
Resident Evil 4, known in Japan as Biohazard 4, is a third-person shooter survival horror video game developed and published by Capcom.
Retrofuturism (adjective retrofuturistic or retrofuture) is a trend in the creative arts showing the influence of depictions of the future produced in an earlier era.
Rhye's and Fall of Civilization (RFC) is a "fan scenario" (mod) for the 2005 computer game Sid Meier's Civilization IV.
Richard Carlton Meredith (October 21, 1937 – March 8, 1979),Richard C. Meredith, "An Autobiographical Sketch; August 6, 1975", Starship: The Magazine About Science Fiction, Summer 1979 (Vol. 16, No. 3. Whole No. 35) was an American writer, illustrator and graphic designer, best known as the author of science fiction short stories and novels including We All Died at Breakaway Station and The Timeliner Trilogy.
Richard Stephen Dreyfuss (né Dreyfus; born October 29, 1947) is an American actor best known for starring in popular films during the 1970s through 1990s, including American Graffiti, Jaws, Stand by Me, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Down and Out in Beverly Hills, The Goodbye Girl, Always, and Mr. Holland's Opus.
Richard Garfinkle is an American writer of science fiction.
Richard I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England from 1189 until his death.
Ring Around the Sun is a science fiction novel by American writer Clifford D. Simak.
Robert Anson Heinlein (See also the biography at the end of For Us, the Living, 2004 edition, p. 261. July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was an American science-fiction writer.
Robert Burns (25 January 175921 July 1796), also known as Rabbie Burns, the Bard of Ayrshire, Ploughman Poet and various other names and epithets, was a Scottish poet and lyricist.
Robert Charles Wilson (born December 15, 1953) is an American-Canadian science fiction author.
Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was an American and Confederate soldier, best known as a commander of the Confederate States Army.
Robert Dennis Harris (born 7 March 1957) is an English novelist.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
Ruled Britannia is an alternate history novel by Harry Turtledove, first published in hardcover by New American Library in 2002.
Ruritanian romance is a genre of literature, film and theatre comprising novels, stories, plays and films set in a fictional country, usually in Central or Eastern Europe, such as the "Ruritania" that gave the genre its name.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
was a Japanese science fiction, fantasy, and horror author.
Stephen Michael Stirling (born September 30, 1953) is a French-born Canadian-American science-fiction and fantasy author.
S.T.A.L.K.E.R. is a series of first-person shooter survival horror video games developed by Ukrainian video game developer GSC Game World for Microsoft Windows.
Samuel Kimball Merwin Jr. (April 28, 1910 - January 13, 1996) was an American mystery fiction writer, editor and science fiction author, who published fiction mostly as Sam Merwin Jr. His pseudonyms included Elizabeth Deare Bennett, Matt Lee, Jacques Jean Ferrat and Carter Sprague.
Science fiction (often shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction, typically dealing with imaginative concepts such as advanced science and technology, spaceflight, time travel, and extraterrestrial life.
Seattle is a seaport city on the west coast of the United States.
The Second Punic War (218 to 201 BC), also referred to as The Hannibalic War and by the Romans the War Against Hannibal, was the second major war between Carthage and the Roman Republic and its allied Italic socii, with the participation of Greek polities and Numidian and Iberian forces on both sides.
A secret history (or shadow history) is a revisionist interpretation of either fictional or real history which is claimed to have been deliberately suppressed, forgotten, or ignored by established scholars.
A short story is a piece of prose fiction that typically can be read in one sitting and focuses on a self-contained incident or series of linked incidents, with the intent of evoking a "single effect" or mood, however there are many exceptions to this.
The Sidewise Awards for Alternate History were established in 1995 to recognize the best alternative history stories and novels of the year.
"Sidewise in Time" is a science fiction short story by American writer Murray Leinster that was first published in the June 1934 issue of Astounding Stories.
Sir Charles Alexander Petrie, 3rd Baronet (28 September 1895 – 13 December 1977) was a British historian.
The City and Borough of Sitka (Sheetʼká), formerly Novo-Arkhangelsk, or New Archangel under Russian rule (Ново-Архангельск or Новоaрхангельск, t Novoarkhangelsk), is a unified city-borough located on Baranof Island and the southern half of Chichagof Island in the Alexander Archipelago of the Pacific Ocean (part of the Alaska Panhandle), in the U.S. state of Alaska.
Sliders is an American science fiction and fantasy television series created by Robert K. Weiss and Tracy Tormé.
Social history, often called the new social history, is a field of history that looks at the lived experience of the past.
The Southern Victory series or Timeline-191 are fan names given to a series of eleven alternate history novels by author Harry Turtledove, beginning with How Few Remain (1997) and published over a decade.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Spanish Armada (Grande y Felicísima Armada, literally "Great and Most Fortunate Navy") was a Spanish fleet of 130 ships that sailed from A Coruña in late May 1588, under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia, with the purpose of escorting an army from Flanders to invade England.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Stanley Albert Schmidt (born March 7, 1944) is an American science fiction author.
Steampunk is a subgenre of science fiction or science fantasy that incorporates technology and aesthetic designs inspired by 19th-century industrial steam-powered machinery.
Stephen John Fry (born 24 August 1957) is an English comedian, actor, writer, presenter, and activist.
Steven H Silver (born April 19, 1967, Hinsdale, Illinois) is an American science fiction fan and bibliographer, publisher, and editor.
Syfy (formerly Sci-Fi Channel and Sci Fi) is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by the NBCUniversal Cable Entertainment Group division of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.
is an epic historical dark fantasy/science fiction work; the debut novel of natural history researcher and polymath Hiroshi Aramata.
Sir Terence David John Pratchett (28 April 1948 – 12 March 2015) was an English author of fantasy novels, especially comical works.
The Alteration is a 1976 alternative history novel by Kingsley Amis, set in a parallel universe in which the Reformation did not take place.
The Big Time (1958) is a short science fiction novel by Fritz Leiber.
The End of Eternity is a Hugo Award-shortlisted 1955 science fiction novel by American writer Isaac Asimov, with mystery and thriller elements on the subjects of time travel and social engineering.
The Iron Dream is a metafictional 1972 alternate history novel by American author Norman Spinrad.
The Man in the High Castle (1962) is an alternate history novel by American writer Philip K. Dick.
The Plot Against America is a novel by Philip Roth published in 2004.
The Probability Broach is a 1979 novel by American science fiction writer L. Neil Smith.
The Proteus Operation is a science fiction alternate history novel written by James P. Hogan and published in 1985.
The Tales of Alvin Maker is a series of alternate history/fantasy novels written by American novelist Orson Scott Card, published from 1987 to 2003 (with one more planned), that explore the experiences of a young man, Alvin Miller, who realizes he has incredible powers for creating and shaping things around him.
The Two Georges is an alternate history novel co-written by science fiction author Harry Turtledove and Oscar-winning actor Richard Dreyfuss.
The Years of Rice and Salt is an alternate history novel written by science fiction author Kim Stanley Robinson and published in 2002.
The Yiddish Policemen's Union is a 2007 novel by American author Michael Chabon.
Thief of Time is a fantasy novel by British writer Terry Pratchett, the 26th book in his Discworld series.
The Thirty Years' War was a war fought primarily in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648.
Three Hearts and Three Lions is a 1961 fantasy novel by American writer Poul Anderson, expanded from a 1953 novella by Anderson which appeared in Fantasy & Science Fiction.
Time travel is the concept of movement between certain points in time, analogous to movement between different points in space by an object or a person, typically using a hypothetical device known as a time machine.
Time travel is a common theme in fiction and has been depicted in a variety of media, such as literature, television, film, and advertisements.
The timestream or time stream is a metaphorical conception of time as a stream, a flowing body of water.
Timur (تیمور Temūr, Chagatai: Temür; 9 April 1336 – 18 February 1405), historically known as Amir Timur and Tamerlane (تيمور لنگ Temūr(-i) Lang, "Timur the Lame"), was a Turco-Mongol conqueror.
Tirant lo Blanch (modern orthography: Tirant lo Blanc) is a chivalric romance written by the Valencian knight Joanot Martorell, finished posthumously by his friend Martí Joan de Galba and published in the city of Valencia in 1490 as an incunabulum edition.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
A transistor is a semiconductor device used to amplify or switch electronic signals and electrical power.
A literary trope is the use of figurative language, via word, phrase or an image, for artistic effect such as using a figure of speech.
Turning Point: Fall of Liberty is a first-person shooter video game, developed by Spark Unlimited and published by Codemasters for the PlayStation 3, Xbox 360 and Microsoft Windows.
Uchronia refers to a hypothetical or fictional time-period of our world, in contrast to altogether fictional lands or worlds.
Uchronia: The Alternate History List is an online general-interest book database containing a bibliography of over 3300 alternate history novels, stories, essays and other printed material.
During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the Union, also known as the North, referred to the United States of America and specifically to the national government of President Abraham Lincoln and the 20 free states, as well as 4 border and slave states (some with split governments and troops sent both north and south) that supported it.
The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the US state of California.
The University of Cape Town (UCT) is a public research university located in Cape Town in the Western Cape province of South Africa.
The University of North Carolina is a multi-campus public university system composed of all 16 of North Carolina's public universities, as well as the NC School of Science and Mathematics, the nation's first public residential high school for gifted students.
Usenet is a worldwide distributed discussion system available on computers.
A utopia is an imagined community or society that possesses highly desirable or nearly perfect qualities for its citizens.
In electronics, a vacuum tube, an electron tube, or just a tube (North America), or valve (Britain and some other regions) is a device that controls electric current between electrodes in an evacuated container.
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (Влади́мир Влади́мирович Набо́ков, also known by the pen name Vladimir Sirin; 2 July 1977) was a Russian-American novelist, poet, translator and entomologist.
War Front: Turning Point is a real-time strategy video game set in an alternate World War II.
Joseph Ward Moore (August 10, 1903 – January 29, 1978) was an American science fiction writer.
The Warsaw Pact, formally known as the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, was a collective defence treaty signed in Warsaw, Poland among the Soviet Union and seven Soviet satellite states of Central and Eastern Europe during the Cold War.
Wenedyk (Venedic) is a naturalistic constructed language, created by the Dutch translator Jan van Steenbergen (who also co-created the international auxiliary language Interslavic).
West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States.
What If?, subtitled The World's Foremost Military Historians Imagine What Might Have Been, is a collection of twenty essays and thirteen sidebars dealing with counterfactual history.
"What If—" is a fantasy short story by Isaac Asimov that was first published in the Summer 1952 issue of Fantastic and reprinted in the 1969 collection Nightfall and Other Stories.
What Mad Universe is a science fiction novel, written in 1949 by the American author Fredric Brown.
The Whiskey Rebellion (also known as the Whiskey Insurrection) was a tax protest in the United States beginning in 1791 during the presidency of George Washington.
William R. Forstchen (born October 11, 1950) is an American historian and author who began publishing in 1978 as a contributor to Boys' Life.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
Season 4 of Winx Club an Italian animated series, premiered on Rai 2 on 15 April 2009 and concluded on 13 November 2009, airing 26 episodes.
Witch Week is a children's fantasy novel and school story by the British writer Diana Wynne Jones, published by Macmillan Children's Books in 1982.
Wolfenstein II: The New Colossus is an action-adventure first-person shooter video game developed by MachineGames and published by Bethesda Softworks.
Wolfenstein: The New Order is an action-adventure first-person shooter video game developed by MachineGames and published by Bethesda Softworks.
World in Conflict is a 2007 real-time strategy (RTS) video game developed by the Swedish video game company Massive Entertainment and published by Vivendi Games for Microsoft Windows.
World of Winx is an Italian animation television series and a spin-off to Winx Club.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Worlds of the Imperium is a science fiction novel by American writer Keith Laumer.
The Worldwar series is the fan name given to a series of alternate history science fiction novels by Harry Turtledove.
Wu Zetian (624 December16, 705),Paludan, 100 alternatively named Wu Zhao, Wu Hou, and during the later Tang dynasty as Tian Hou, also referred to in English as Empress Consort Wu or by the deprecated term "Empress Wu", was a Chinese sovereign who ruled unofficially as empress consort and empress dowager and later, officially as empress regnant (皇帝) during the brief Zhou dynasty (周, 684–705), which interrupted the Tang dynasty (618–690 & 705–907).
Wunderwaffe is German for "Miracle Weapon" and was a term assigned during World War II by the Nazi Germany propaganda ministry to a few revolutionary "superweapons".
The 1632 series, also known as the 1632-verse or Ring of Fire series, is an alternate history book series and sub-series created, primarily co-written, and coordinated by Eric Flint and published by Baen Books.
1945 is an alternate history written by Newt Gingrich and William R. Forstchen in 1995, describing the period immediately after World War II wherein the United States had fought only against Japan, allowing Nazi Germany to force a truce with the Soviet Union, after which the two victors confront each other in a cold war which swiftly turns hot.
2001: A Space Odyssey is a 1968 science fiction novel by British writer Arthur C. Clarke.
Alterante history, Alteration of history, Alternate History, Alternate historian, Alternate histories, Alternate history (fiction), Alternate history comics, Alternate history fiction, Alternate history novel, Alternate timeline, Alternate-alternate history, Alternate-history, AlternateHistory, Alternative History, Alternative historian, Alternative histories, Alternative history, Alternative history (fiction), Alternative history (genre), Alternative history (literary genre), Alternative history fiction, Alternative timeline, Alternative-history, DBWI, Departure point, Divergence point, Divergent timeline, Double-blind what-if, New timeline, Point of divergence, SHWI-ISOT, Timeline manipulation.