138 relations: Aerospace, Aerospace manufacturer, Alclad, Alloy, Alloy steel, Aluminium, Aluminium alloy, Aluminium oxide, Aluminium–lithium alloy, AMAG Austria Metall AG, American and British English spelling differences, American National Standards Institute, Annealing (metallurgy), ASTM International, Baseball bat, Birmabright, Bismuth, British Standards, Cadmium, Casting, Chevrolet Corvair, Chromium, Copper, Corrosion, Crankcase, Creep (deformation), Crimp (joining), CubeSat, Cylinder block, Cylinder head, Density, Deutsches Institut für Normung, Ductility, Duralumin, Elastic modulus, Erbium, Extrusion, Falcon 1e, Falcon 9, Fatigue (material), Fatigue limit, Gallium, Galvanic corrosion, Germanium, Heat treating, Helicopter, Hiduminium, Holloware, International Organization for Standardization, Iron, ..., Lacrosse, Lead, Lithium, Magnalium, Magnesium, Magnox (alloy), Manganese, Mikoyan MiG-29, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21, Nickel, Oxygen, Pascal (unit), Patch cable, Precipitation hardening, Quarter panel, RM-81 Agena, SAE International, Scandium, Schneider-Empain, Screw, Screw thread, Scuba diving, Second moment of area, Self-contained breathing apparatus, Silicon, Silumin, Silver, Smith & Wesson, Space frame, SpaceX, Specific strength, Steel, Stress corrosion cracking, Superalloy, The Aluminum Association, Thermal expansion, Tin, Titanium, Titanium alloy, Ultimate tensile strength, Vanadium, Weldability, Welding, Work hardening, Y alloy, Zinc, Zirconium, 1050 aluminium alloy, 1060 aluminium alloy, 1100 aluminium alloy, 1199 aluminium alloy, 2014 aluminium alloy, 2024 aluminium alloy, 2195 aluminium alloy, 2219 aluminium alloy, 2319 aluminium alloy, 2519 aluminium alloy, 3003 aluminium alloy, 3004 aluminium alloy, 3102 aluminium alloy, 4043 aluminium alloy, 5005 aluminium alloy, 5052 aluminium alloy, 5059 aluminium alloy, 5083 aluminium alloy, 5086 aluminium alloy, 5154 aluminium alloy, 5356 aluminium alloy, 5454 aluminium alloy, 5456 aluminium alloy, 5754 aluminium alloy, 6005 aluminium alloy, 6005A aluminium alloy, 6060 aluminium alloy, 6061 aluminium alloy, 6063 aluminium alloy, 6066 aluminium alloy, 6082 aluminium alloy, 6105 aluminium alloy, 6111 aluminium alloy, 6162 aluminium alloy, 6262 aluminium alloy, 6463 aluminium alloy, 7005 aluminium alloy, 7039 aluminium alloy, 7068 aluminium alloy, 7075 aluminium alloy, 7079 aluminium alloy. Expand index (88 more) » « Shrink index
Aerospace is the human effort in science, engineering and business to fly in the atmosphere of Earth (aeronautics) and surrounding space (astronautics).
An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, or spacecraft.
Alclad is a corrosion-resistant aluminium sheet formed from high-purity aluminium surface layers metallurgically bonded (rolled onto) to high-strength aluminium alloy core material.
An alloy is a combination of metals or of a metal and another element.
Alloy steel is steel that is alloyed with a variety of elements in total amounts between 1.0% and 50% by weight to improve its mechanical properties.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
Aluminium alloys (or aluminum alloys; see spelling differences) are alloys in which aluminium (Al) is the predominant metal.
Aluminium oxide (British English) or aluminum oxide (American English) is a chemical compound of aluminium and oxygen with the chemical formula 23.
Aluminium–lithium alloys (Al–Li) are a series of alloys of aluminium and lithium, often also including copper and zirconium.
AMAG (Austria Metall AG) is the biggest company in the Austrian Aluminium industry sector.
Many of the differences between American and British English date back to a time when spelling standards had not yet developed.
The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States.
Annealing, in metallurgy and materials science, is a heat treatment that alters the physical and sometimes chemical properties of a material to increase its ductility and reduce its hardness, making it more workable.
ASTM International is an international standards organization that develops and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services.
A baseball bat is a smooth wooden or metal club used in the sport of baseball to hit the ball after it is thrown by the pitcher.
Birmabright is a trade name of the former Birmetals Co.
Bismuth is a chemical element with symbol Bi and atomic number 83.
British Standards (BS) are the standards produced by the BSI Group which is incorporated under a Royal Charter (and which is formally designated as the National Standards Body (NSB) for the UK).
Cadmium is a chemical element with symbol Cd and atomic number 48.
Casting is a manufacturing process in which a liquid material is usually poured into a mold, which contains a hollow cavity of the desired shape, and then allowed to solidify.
The Chevrolet Corvair is a compact car manufactured by Chevrolet for model years 1960–1969.
Chromium is a chemical element with symbol Cr and atomic number 24.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
Corrosion is a natural process, which converts a refined metal to a more chemically-stable form, such as its oxide, hydroxide, or sulfide.
A crankcase is the housing for the crankshaft in a reciprocating internal combustion engine.
In materials science, creep (sometimes called cold flow) is the tendency of a solid material to move slowly or deform permanently under the influence of mechanical stresses.
Crimping is joining two or more pieces of metal or other ductile material by deforming one or both of them to hold the other.
A CubeSat (U-class spacecraft) is a type of miniaturized satellite for space research that is made up of multiples of 10×10×10 cm cubic units.
The cylinder block is an integrated structure comprising the cylinder(s) of a reciprocating engine and often some or all of their associated surrounding structures (coolant passages, intake and exhaust passages and ports, and crankcase).
In an internal combustion engine, the cylinder head (often informally abbreviated to just head) sits above the cylinders on top of the cylinder block.
The density, or more precisely, the volumetric mass density, of a substance is its mass per unit volume.
Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V. (DIN; in English, the German Institute for Standardization) is the German national organization for standardization and is the German ISO member body.
Ductility is a measure of a material's ability to undergo significant plastic deformation before rupture, which may be expressed as percent elongation or percent area reduction from a tensile test.
Duralumin (also called duraluminum, duraluminium, duralum, dural(l)ium, or dural) is a trade name for one of the earliest types of age-hardenable aluminium alloys.
An elastic modulus (also known as modulus of elasticity) is a quantity that measures an object or substance's resistance to being deformed elastically (i.e., non-permanently) when a stress is applied to it.
Erbium is a chemical element with symbol Er and atomic number 68.
Extrusion is a process used to create objects of a fixed cross-sectional profile.
The Falcon 1e was a proposed upgrade of the SpaceX Falcon 1.
Falcon 9 is a family of two-stage-to-orbit medium lift launch vehicles, named for its use of nine Merlin first-stage engines, designed and manufactured by SpaceX.
In materials science, fatigue is the weakening of a material caused by repeatedly applied loads.
Fatigue limit, endurance limit, and fatigue strength are all expressions used to describe a property of materials: the amplitude (or range) of cyclic stress that can be applied to the material without causing fatigue failure.
Gallium is a chemical element with symbol Ga and atomic number 31.
Galvanic corrosion (also called bimetallic corrosion) is an electrochemical process in which one metal corrodes preferentially when it is in electrical contact with another, in the presence of an electrolyte.
Germanium is a chemical element with symbol Ge and atomic number 32.
Heat treating (or heat treatment) is a group of industrial and metalworking processes used to alter the physical, and sometimes chemical, properties of a material.
A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.
The Hiduminium alloys or R.R. alloys are a series of high-strength, high-temperature aluminium alloys, developed for aircraft use by Rolls-Royce ("RR") before World War II.
Holloware (hollowware, or hollow-ware) is metal tableware such as sugar bowls, creamers, coffee pots, teapots, soup tureens, hot food covers, water jugs, platters, butter pat plates, and other items that go with the dishware on a table.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
Lacrosse is a team sport played with a lacrosse stick and a lacrosse ball.
Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.
Lithium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol Li and atomic number 3.
Magnalium is an aluminium alloy with 5% Magnesium & 95% aluminum.
Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.
Magnox is an alloy—mainly of magnesium with small amounts of aluminium and other metals—used in cladding unenriched uranium metal fuel with a non-oxidising covering to contain fission products in nuclear reactors.
Manganese is a chemical element with symbol Mn and atomic number 25.
The Mikoyan MiG-29 (Микоян МиГ-29; NATO reporting name: Fulcrum) is a twin-engine jet fighter aircraft designed in the Soviet Union.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-21; NATO reporting name: Fishbed) is a supersonic jet fighter and interceptor aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.
Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
The pascal (symbol: Pa) is the SI derived unit of pressure used to quantify internal pressure, stress, Young's modulus and ultimate tensile strength.
A patch cable, patch cord or patch lead is an electrical or optical cable used to connect ("patch in") one electronic or optical device to another for signal routing.
Precipitation hardening, also called age hardening or particle hardening, is a heat treatment technique used to increase the yield strength of malleable materials, including most structural alloys of aluminium, magnesium, nickel, titanium, and some steels and stainless steels.
A quarter panel (British English: rear wing) is the body panel (exterior surface) of an automobile between a rear door (or only door on each side for two-door models) and the trunk (boot) and typically wraps around the wheel well. The similar front section between the door and the hood (bonnet), is called a fender, but is sometimes incorrectly also referred to as a quarter panel. Quarter panels are typically made of sheet metal, but are sometimes made of fiberglass, carbon fiber, or fiber-reinforced plastic. A quarter panel is typically a welded-on component of the unibody structure. Replacement of a sheet metal quarter panel typically requires it to be cut off the vehicle and a replacement part to be welded (or sometimes bonded) to the vehicle. Due to the high amount of specialized labor, a quarter panel may often be repaired rather than replaced by hammering the damaged area to a relatively flat surface and then applying a body filler to smooth out the damaged area to match the original surface. The panel is then usually painted and often clear coated.
The RM-81 Agena was an American rocket upper stage and satellite bus which was developed by Lockheed initially for the canceled WS-117L reconnaissance satellite program.
SAE International, initially established as the Society of Automotive Engineers, is a U.S.-based, globally active professional association and standards developing organization for engineering professionals in various industries.
Scandium is a chemical element with symbol Sc and atomic number 21.
Schneider-Empain (later as Group Schneider SA) was a Franco-Belgian industrial holding.
A screw is a type of fastener, in some ways similar to a bolt (see Differentiation between bolt and screw below), typically made of metal, and characterized by a helical ridge, known as a male thread (external thread).
A screw thread, often shortened to thread, is a helical structure used to convert between rotational and linear movement or force.
Scuba diving is a mode of underwater diving where the diver uses a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (scuba) which is completely independent of surface supply, to breathe underwater.
The 2nd moment of area, also known as moment of inertia of plane area, area moment of inertia, or second area moment, is a geometrical property of an area which reflects how its points are distributed with regard to an arbitrary axis.
A self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) sometimes referred to as a compressed air breathing apparatus (CABA), or simply breathing apparatus (BA), is a device worn by rescue workers, firefighters, and others to provide breathable air in an immediately dangerous to life or health atmosphere (IDLH).
Silicon is a chemical element with symbol Si and atomic number 14.
Silumin is a group of lightweight, high-strength aluminium alloys based on an aluminum–silicon system.
Silver is a chemical element with symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European ''h₂erǵ'': "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.
Smith & Wesson (S&W) is an American manufacturer of firearms, ammunition and restraints.
In architecture and structural engineering, a space frame or space structure is a rigid, lightweight, truss-like structure constructed from interlocking struts in a geometric pattern.
Space Exploration Technologies Corp., doing business as SpaceX, is a private American aerospace manufacturer and space transportation services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California.
The specific strength is a material's strength (force per unit area at failure) divided by its density.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
Stress corrosion cracking (SCC) is the growth of crack formation in a corrosive environment.
A superalloy, or high-performance alloy, is an alloy that exhibits several key characteristics: excellent mechanical strength, resistance to thermal creep deformation, good surface stability, and resistance to corrosion or oxidation.
The Aluminum Association is a trade association for the aluminum production, fabrication and recycling industries, and their suppliers.
Thermal expansion is the tendency of matter to change in shape, area, and volume in response to a change in temperature.
Tin is a chemical element with the symbol Sn (from stannum) and atomic number 50.
Titanium is a chemical element with symbol Ti and atomic number 22.
Titanium alloys are metals that contain a mixture of titanium and other chemical elements.
Ultimate tensile strength (UTS), often shortened to tensile strength (TS), ultimate strength, or Ftu within equations, is the capacity of a material or structure to withstand loads tending to elongate, as opposed to compressive strength, which withstands loads tending to reduce size.
Vanadium is a chemical element with symbol V and atomic number 23.
The weldability, also known as joinability,.
Welding is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing fusion, which is distinct from lower temperature metal-joining techniques such as brazing and soldering, which do not melt the base metal.
Work hardening, also known as strain hardening, is the strengthening of a metal or polymer by plastic deformation.
Y alloy is a nickel-containing aluminium alloy.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
Zirconium is a chemical element with symbol Zr and atomic number 40.
1050 aluminium alloy is an aluminium-based alloy in the "commercially pure" wrought family (1000 or 1xxx series).
1060 aluminium alloy is an aluminium-based alloy in the "commercially pure" wrought family (1000 or 1xxx series).
1100 aluminium alloy is an aluminium-based alloy in the "commercially pure" wrought family (1000 or 1xxx series).
1199 aluminium alloy is an aluminium-based alloy in the "commercially pure" wrought family (1000 or 1xxx series).
2014 aluminium alloy is an aluminium-based alloy often used in the aerospace industry.
2024 aluminium alloy is an aluminium alloy, with copper as the primary alloying element.
2195 aluminium alloy is an alloy in the wrought aluminium-copper family (2000 or 2xxx series).
2219 aluminium alloy is an alloy in the wrought aluminium-copper family (2000 or 2xxx series).
AA 2319 (UNS A92319) is an aluminium alloy principally containing copper (5.8–6.8%) as an alloying element.
AA 2519 is an aluminium alloy principally containing copper (5.3–6.4%) as an alloying element.
3003 aluminium alloy is an alloy in the wrought aluminium-manganese family (3000 or 3xxx series).
3004 aluminium alloy is an alloy in the wrought aluminium-manganese family (3000 or 3xxx series).
3102 aluminium alloy is an alloy in the wrought aluminium-manganese family (3000 or 3xxx series).
4043 aluminium alloy is a wrought aluminium alloy with good corrosion resistance typically used as filler material for welding of aluminium parts.It contains high amounts of Silicon (between 4.5 and 6.0%) and trace amounts of other metals.
5005 aluminium alloy is an aluminium alloy with good resistance to atmospheric corrosion.
5052 is an aluminium alloy, primarily alloyed with magnesium and chromium.
5059 is an aluminium alloy, primarily alloyed with magnesium.
5083 aluminium alloy is an aluminium alloy with magnesium and traces of manganese and chromium.
5086 is an aluminium alloy, primarily alloyed with magnesium.
5154 aluminium alloy is an alloy in the wrought aluminium-magnesium family (5000 or 5xxx series).
5356 aluminium alloy is an alloy in the wrought aluminium-magnesium family (5000 or 5xxx series).
5454 aluminium alloy is an alloy in the wrought aluminium-magnesium family (5000 or 5xxx series).
5456 aluminium alloy is an alloy in the wrought aluminium-magnesium family (5000 or 5xxx series).
5754 aluminium alloy is an alloy in the wrought aluminium -magnesium family (5000 or 5xxx series).
6005 aluminium alloy is an alloy in the wrought aluminium-magnesium-silicon family (6000 or 6xxx series).
6005A aluminium alloy is an alloy in the wrought aluminium-magnesium-silicon family (6000 or 6xxx series).
6060 aluminium alloy is an alloy in the wrought aluminium-magnesium-silicon family (6000 or 6xxx series).
6061 is a precipitation-hardened aluminum alloy, containing magnesium and silicon as its major alloying elements.
AA 6063 is an aluminium alloy, with magnesium and silicon as the alloying elements.
6066 aluminium alloy is an aluminium alloy used in forgings and extrusion for welded structures.
6082 aluminium alloy is an alloy in the wrought aluminium-magnesium-silicon family (6000 or 6xxx series).
6105 aluminium alloy is an alloy in the wrought aluminium-magnesium-silicon family (6000 or 6xxx series).
6111 is the premiere aluminum alloy used for automotive paneling.
6162 aluminium alloy is an alloy in the wrought aluminium-magnesium-silicon family (6000 or 6xxx series).
6262 aluminium alloy is an alloy in the wrought aluminium-magnesium-silicon family (6000 or 6xxx series).
6463 aluminium alloy is an alloy in the wrought aluminium-magnesium-silicon family (6000 or 6xxx series).
7005 is an aluminium alloy used primarily for less expensive bicycle frames, due to its relative ease of welding and manufacture, it not requiring expensive heat treating.
AA 7039 is an aluminum alloy principally containing zinc (3.5–4.5%) as an alloying element.
7068 aluminium alloy is one of the strongest commercially available aluminium alloys, with a tensile strength comparable to that of some steels.
7075 aluminium alloy is an aluminium alloy, with zinc as the primary alloying element.
7079 aluminium alloy (UNS designation A97079) is a high strength, heat treatable wrought aluminium alloy used in the aircraft industry.
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