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Amazon basin

Index Amazon basin

The Amazon basin is the part of South America drained by the Amazon River and its tributaries. [1]

174 relations: Açaí palm, Aerial root, Amazônia Legal, Amazon biome, Amazon Conservation Association, Amazon Conservation Team, Amazon natural region, Amazon rainforest, Amazon River, Amazonas (Venezuelan state), Amphibian, Andes, Aplocheilidae, Arapaima, Arapaimidae, Arawakan languages, Arawá language, Astroblepus pholeter, Atlantic Ocean, Bat, Beetle, Belém, Biodiversity, Bird, Blackwater river, Boa constrictor, Bolivia, Brachyplatystoma, Brazil, Brazil nut, Bromeliaceae, Bull shark, Bushmeat, Butterfly, Callichthyidae, Candiru, Capybara, Carib language, Catfish, Cavefish, Cetopsis, Characiformes, Charcoal, Cichlid, Cichlinae, Clearwater river (river type), Climate, Colombia, Compsaraia, Coordinator of Indigenous Organizations of the Amazon River Basin, ..., Copella arnoldi, Corydoras, Cotinga, Deer, Deforestation, Deforestation of the Amazon rainforest, Discus (fish), Drainage basin, Drainage divide, Driftwood catfish, Dugout canoe, Ecuador, Electric eel, Emerald tree boa, Encyclopædia Britannica, Endangered language, Endemism, Epiphyte, Euryhaline, Evergreen forest, Extinction, First language, Fish, Fish migration, Fishkeeping, Flood, Frog, Geophaginae, Green anaconda, Guianan cock-of-the-rock, Guyana, Gymnotiformes, Habitat, Hevea brasiliensis, Humidity, Hummingbird, Indigenous peoples, Indigenous rights, Insect, Iquitos, Jê languages, Köppen climate classification, Largetooth sawfish, Latex, Leptophilypnion, List of largest fish, List of rivers by length, List of smallest fish, Llanos de Moxos, Llanos de Moxos (archaeology), Loricaria, Loricariidae, Macaw, Mammal, Manaus, Manú National Park, Marañón River, Matsés, Micromyzon, Mongabay, Natural rubber, Neon tetra, Neotropical fish, Nheengatu, Ocelot, Orchidaceae, Orthosternarchus tamandua, Oscar (fish), Pacific Ocean, Panaqolus, Panaque bathyphilus, Parrot, Pastured poultry, Peckoltia pankimpuju, Peru, Peruvian Amazonia, Phreatobius, Pimelodidae, Pinophyta, Piranha, Plant litter, Plantation, Poeciliidae, Population density, Portuguese language, Potamotrygonidae, Predation, Pterophyllum, Raft, Rain, Rainforest, Ranch, Rapids, Red-bellied piranha, Reptile, Respiration (physiology), Rio Negro (Amazon), Rodent, Skin, Slash-and-burn, South America, South American jaguar, South American lungfish, South American tapir, Soybean, Spanish language, Sunlight, Suriname, Tambaqui, Tambopata National Reserve, The Washington Post, Tocantins River, Toucan, Trichomycteridae, Tropical forest, Tupi language, Turtle, Ucayali Peneplain, Undescribed taxon, Venezuela, Whitewater river (river type), Xyliphius, Yanomami, Yerupajá. Expand index (124 more) »

Açaí palm

The açaí palm (from Tupi-Guarani asaí), Euterpe oleracea, is a species of palm tree (Arecaceae) cultivated for its fruit (açaí berries or simply açaí), hearts of palm (a vegetable), leaves and trunk wood.

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Aerial root

Aerial roots are roots above the ground.

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Amazônia Legal

Amazônia Legal (Legal Amazon) is the largest socio-geographic division in Brazil, containing all nine states in the Amazon basin.

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Amazon biome

The Amazon biome (Bioma Amazônia) contains the Amazon rainforest, an area of tropical rainforest, and other ecoregions that cover most of the Amazon basin and some adjacent areas to the north and east.

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Amazon Conservation Association

Amazon Conservation Association (ACA) is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization working to conserve the biodiversity of the Amazon basin through the development of new scientific understanding, sustainable resource management and rational land-use policy.

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Amazon Conservation Team

The Amazon Conservation Team (ACT) is a non-profit organization that works in partnership with indigenous people of tropical South America in conserving the biodiversity of the Amazon rainforest as well as the culture and land of its indigenous people.

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Amazon natural region

Amazonía region in southern Colombia comprises the departments of Amazonas, Caquetá, Guainía, Guaviare, Putumayo and Vaupés, and covers an area of 403,000 km², 35% of Colombia's total territory.

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Amazon rainforest

The Amazon rainforest (Portuguese: Floresta Amazônica or Amazônia; Selva Amazónica, Amazonía or usually Amazonia; Forêt amazonienne; Amazoneregenwoud), also known in English as Amazonia or the Amazon Jungle, is a moist broadleaf forest in the Amazon biome that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America.

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Amazon River

The Amazon River (or; Spanish and Amazonas) in South America is the largest river by discharge volume of water in the world, and either the longest or second longest.

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Amazonas (Venezuelan state)

Amazonas State (Estado Amazonas) is one of the 23 states ''(estados)'' into which Venezuela is divided.

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Amphibians are ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrates of the class Amphibia.

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The Andes or Andean Mountains (Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world.

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Aplocheilidae is a family of fish in the order Cyprinodontiformes found in Africa, Asia and South America.

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The arapaima, pirarucu, or paiche are any large species of bonytongue in the genus Arapaima native to the Amazon and Essequibo basins of South America.

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Arapaimidae is a family of freshwater osteoglossiform fishes known as the bonytongues.

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Arawakan languages

Arawakan (Arahuacan, Maipuran Arawakan, "mainstream" Arawakan, Arawakan proper), also known as Maipurean (also Maipuran, Maipureano, Maipúre), is a language family that developed among ancient indigenous peoples in South America.

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Arawá language

Arawá Aruá is an extinct language of Brazil.

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Astroblepus pholeter

Astroblepus pholeter is a species of catfish of the family Astroblepidae.

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Atlantic Ocean

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.

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Bats are mammals of the order Chiroptera; with their forelimbs adapted as wings, they are the only mammals naturally capable of true and sustained flight.

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Beetles are a group of insects that form the order Coleoptera, in the superorder Endopterygota.

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Belém (Portuguese for Bethlehem), is a Brazilian city, the capital and largest city of the state of Pará in the country's north.

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Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.

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Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton.

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Blackwater river

A blackwater river is a type of river with a slow-moving channel flowing through forested swamps or wetlands.

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Boa constrictor

The boa constrictor (Boa constrictor), also called the red-tailed boa or the common boa, is a species of large, heavy-bodied snake that is frequently kept and bred in captivity.

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Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.

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Brachyplatystoma is a genus of catfish from the family Pimelodidae.

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Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.

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Brazil nut

The Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa) is a South American tree in the family Lecythidaceae, and also the name of the tree's commercially harvested edible seeds.

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The Bromeliaceae (the bromeliads) are a family of monocot flowering plants of 51 genera and around 3475 known species native mainly to the tropical Americas, with a few species found in the American subtropics and one in tropical west Africa, Pitcairnia feliciana.

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Bull shark

The bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas), also known as the Zambezi shark (informally "zambi") in Africa, and Lake Nicaragua shark in Nicaragua, is a requiem shark commonly found worldwide in warm, shallow waters along coasts and in rivers.

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Bushmeat, wildmeat, or game meat is meat from non-domesticated mammals, reptiles, amphibians and birds hunted for food in tropical forests.

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Butterflies are insects in the macrolepidopteran clade Rhopalocera from the order Lepidoptera, which also includes moths.

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Callichthyidae is a family of catfishes (order Siluriformes), called armored catfishes due to the two rows of bony plates (or scutes) running down the length of their bodies.

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Candiru (Vandellia cirrhosa), also known as cañero, toothpick fish, or vampire fish, is a species of parasitic freshwater catfish in the family Trichomycteridae native to the Amazon Basin where it is found in the countries of Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.

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The capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) is a mammal native to South America.

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Carib language

Carib or Kari'nja is a Cariban language spoken by the Kalina people (Caribs) of South America.

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Catfish (or catfishes; order Siluriformes or Nematognathi) are a diverse group of ray-finned fish.

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Cavefish or cave fish is a generic term for fresh and brackish water fish adapted to life in caves and other underground habitats.

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Cetopsis is a genus of catfishes (order Siluriformes) of the family Cetopsidae.

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Characiformes is an order of ray-finned fish, comprising the characins and their allies.

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Charcoal is the lightweight black carbon and ash residue hydrocarbon produced by removing water and other volatile constituents from animal and vegetation substances.

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Cichlids are fish from the family Cichlidae in the order Perciformes.

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The Cichlinae are a subfamily of fishes in the cichlid family, native to South America.

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Clearwater river (river type)

A clearwater river is classified based on its chemistry, sediments and water colour.

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Climate is the statistics of weather over long periods of time.

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Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.

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Compsaraia is a genus of ghost knifefishes found in tropical South America.

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Coordinator of Indigenous Organizations of the Amazon River Basin

Coordinator of Indigenous Organizations of the Amazon River Basin (COICA) (Spanish: Coordinadora de las Organizaciones Indígenas de la Cuenca Amazónica) was founded in 1984 in Lima, Peru.

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Copella arnoldi

Copella arnoldi, commonly known as the splash tetra or the splashing tetra, is a species of tropical freshwater fish belonging to the family Lebiasinidae.

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Corydoras is a genus of freshwater catfish in the family Callichthyidae and subfamily Corydoradinae.

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The cotingas are a large family, Cotingidae, of suboscine passerine birds found in Central America and tropical South America.

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Deer (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae.

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Deforestation, clearance, or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use.

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Deforestation of the Amazon rainforest

The cattle sector of the Brazilian Amazon, incentivized by the international beef and leather trades,Lucy Siegle (August 9, 2015).

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Discus (fish)

Symphysodon, colloquially known as discus, is a genus of cichlids native to the Amazon river basin in South America.

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Drainage basin

A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water.

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Drainage divide

A drainage divide, water divide, divide, ridgeline, watershed, or water parting is the line that separates neighbouring drainage basins.

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Driftwood catfish

The driftwood catfishes are catfishes of the family Auchenipteridae.

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Dugout canoe

A dugout canoe or simply dugout is a boat made from a hollowed tree trunk.

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Ecuador (Ikwadur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

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Electric eel

The electric eel (Electrophorus electricus) is a South American electric fish, and the only species in its genus.

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Emerald tree boa

Corallus caninus, commonly called the emerald tree boa,Mehrtens JM.

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Encyclopædia Britannica

The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.

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Endangered language

An endangered language, or moribund language, is a language that is at risk of falling out of use as its speakers die out or shift to speaking another language.

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Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.

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An epiphyte is an organism that grows on the surface of a plant and derives its moisture and nutrients from the air, rain, water (in marine environments) or from debris accumulating around it.

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Euryhaline organisms are able to adapt to a wide range of salinities.

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Evergreen forest

An evergreen forest is forest made up of evergreen trees.

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In biology, extinction is the termination of an organism or of a group of organisms (taxon), normally a species.

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First language

A first language, native language or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1) is a language that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period.

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Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.

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Fish migration

Many types of fish migrate on a regular basis, on time scales ranging from daily to annually or longer, and over distances ranging from a few metres to thousands of kilometres.

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Fishkeeping is a popular hobby, practiced by aquarists, concerned with keeping fish in a home aquarium or garden pond.

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A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land that is usually dry.

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A frog is any member of a diverse and largely carnivorous group of short-bodied, tailless amphibians composing the order Anura (Ancient Greek ἀν-, without + οὐρά, tail).

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The Geophaginae are a subfamily of cichlid fishes from South America, where they are found as far west as the Andes and as far south as northern Argentina.

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Green anaconda

The green anaconda (Eunectes murinus), also known as the common anaconda and water boa, is a non-venomous boa species found in South America.

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Guianan cock-of-the-rock

The Guianan cock-of-the-rock (Rupicola rupicola) is a species of cotinga, a passerine bird from South America.

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Guyana (pronounced or), officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a sovereign state on the northern mainland of South America.

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The Gymnotiformes are a group of teleost bony fishes commonly known as the Neotropical or South American knifefish.

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In ecology, a habitat is the type of natural environment in which a particular species of organism lives.

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Hevea brasiliensis

Hevea brasiliensis, the Pará rubber tree, sharinga tree, seringueira, or, most commonly, the rubber tree or rubber plant, is a tree belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae.

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Humidity is the amount of water vapor present in the air.

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Hummingbirds are birds from the Americas that constitute the family Trochilidae.

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Indigenous peoples

Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.

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Indigenous rights

Indigenous rights are those rights that exist in recognition of the specific condition of the indigenous peoples.

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Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum.

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Iquitos, also known as Iquitos City, is the capital city of Peru's Maynas Province and Loreto Region.

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Jê languages

The Jê languages (also spelled Gê, Jean, Ye, Gean), or Jê–Kaingang languages, are spoken by the Gê, a group of indigenous peoples in Brazil.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Largetooth sawfish

The largetooth sawfish (Pristis pristis, syn. P. microdon and P. perotteti) is a species of sawfish, family Pristidae.

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Latex is a stable dispersion (emulsion) of polymer microparticles in an aqueous medium.

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Leptophilypnion is a genus of tiny sleeper gobies endemic to the Amazon Basin in South America.

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List of largest fish

No description.

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List of rivers by length

This is a list of the longest rivers on Earth.

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List of smallest fish

The world's smallest fish depends on the measurement used.

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Llanos de Moxos

The Llanos de Moxos, also known as the Beni savanna or the Moxos plains, is a tropical savanna ecoregion of northern Bolivia.

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Llanos de Moxos (archaeology)

The Llanos de Moxos (Moxos Plains), also known as the Llanos de Mojos and the Beni Savanna, have extensive remains of pre-Columbian agricultural societies scattered over most of Beni Department, Bolivia.

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Loricaria is a genus of armored catfishes native to South America.

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Loricariidae is the largest family of catfish (order Siluriformes), with 92 genera and just over 680 species to date, with new species being described each year.

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Macaws are long-tailed, often colorful New World parrots.

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Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.

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Manaus or Manaós before 1939 or (formerly) Barra do Rio Negro, is the capital city of the state of Amazonas in the North Region of Brazil.

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Manú National Park

Manu National Park (Parque Nacional del Manu) is a national park and biosphere reserve located in the regions of Madre de Dios and Cusco.

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Marañón River

The Marañón River (Río Marañón) is the principal or mainstem source of the Amazon River, arising about 160 km to the northeast of Lima, Peru, and flowing through a deeply eroded Andean valley in a northwesterly direction, along the eastern base of the Cordillera of the Andes, as far as 5° 36′ southern latitude; from where it makes a great bend to the northeast, and cuts through the jungle Andes, until at the Pongo de Manseriche it flows into the flat Amazon basin.

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The Matsés or Mayoruna are an indigenous people of the Peruvian and Brazilian Amazon.

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Micromyzon is a genus of tiny catfish in the family Aspredinidae native to relatively deep parts of the Amazon and Orinoco basins in South America.

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Mongabay.com is a web site that publishes news on environmental science, energy, and green design, and features extensive information on tropical rainforests, including pictures and deforestation statistics for countries of the world.

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Natural rubber

Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.

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Neon tetra

The neon tetra (Paracheirodon innesi) is a freshwater fish of the characin family (family Characidae) of order Characiformes.

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Neotropical fish

The freshwater fishes of tropical South and Central America represent one of the most diverse and extreme aquatic ecosystems on Earth, with more than 5,600 species, representing about 10% all living vertebrate species.

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The Nheengatu language, often spelled Nhengatu, is an indigenous language of the Americas from the Tupi–Guarani language family.

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The ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) is a wild cat native to the southwestern United States, Mexico, Central and South America.

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The Orchidaceae are a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants, with blooms that are often colourful and fragrant, commonly known as the orchid family.

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Orthosternarchus tamandua

Orthosternarchus tamandua, the tamandua knifefish, is a species of weakly electric knifefish in the family Apteronotidae, native to the deep river channels of the Amazon basin.

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Oscar (fish)

The oscar (Astronotus ocellatus) is a species of fish from the cichlid family known under a variety of common names, including tiger oscar, velvet cichlid, and marble cichlid.

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Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.

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Panaqolus is a genus of small catfish in the family Loricariidae native to rivers in tropical South America.

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Panaque bathyphilus

Panaque bathyphilus is an Amazonian species of armoured catfish from the Loricariidae family.

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Parrots, also known as psittacines, are birds of the roughly 393 species in 92 genera that make up the order Psittaciformes, found in most tropical and subtropical regions.

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Pastured poultry

Pastured poultry is a sustainable agriculture technique that calls for the raising of laying chickens, meat chickens (broilers), and/or turkeys on pasture, as opposed to indoor confinement.

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Peckoltia pankimpuju

Peckoltia pankimpuju is a species of armored catfish from the Loricariidae family, native to the Marañón River in the upper Amazon basin of Peru.

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Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.

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Peruvian Amazonia

The Peruvian Amazonia (Amazonía del Perú) is the area of the Amazon rainforest included within the country of Peru, from east of the Andes to the borders with Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil and Bolivia.

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Phreatobius is a genus of very small catfishes (order Siluriformes) from tropical South America.

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The Pimelodidae, commonly known as the long-whiskered catfishes, are a family of catfishes (order Siluriformes).

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The Pinophyta, also known as Coniferophyta or Coniferae, or commonly as conifers, are a division of vascular land plants containing a single extant class, Pinopsida.

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A piranha or piraña, a member of family Characidae in order Characiformes, is a freshwater fish that inhabits South American rivers, floodplains, lakes and reservoirs.

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Plant litter

Litterfall, plant litter, leaf litter, tree litter, soil litter, or duff, is dead plant material (such as leaves, bark, needles, twigs, and cladodes) that have fallen to the ground.

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A plantation is a large-scale farm that specializes in cash crops.

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The Poeciliidae are a family of freshwater fishes of the order Cyprinodontiformes, the tooth-carps, and include well-known live-bearing aquarium fish, such as the guppy, molly, platy, and swordtail.

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Population density

Population density (in agriculture: standing stock and standing crop) is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density.

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Portuguese language

Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating from the regions of Galicia and northern Portugal in the 9th century.

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River stingrays or freshwater stingrays are Neotropical freshwater fishes of the Potamotrygonidae family in the order Myliobatiformes, one of the four orders of batoids, cartilaginous fishes related to sharks.

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Predation is a biological interaction where a predator (a hunting animal) kills and eats its prey (the organism that is attacked).

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Pterophyllum is a small genus of freshwater fish from the family Cichlidae known to most aquarists as angelfish.

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A raft is any flat structure for support or transportation over water.

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Rain is liquid water in the form of droplets that have condensed from atmospheric water vapor and then becomes heavy enough to fall under gravity.

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Rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with annual rainfall in the case of tropical rainforests between, and definitions varying by region for temperate rainforests.

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A ranch is an area of land, including various structures, given primarily to the practice of ranching, the practice of raising grazing livestock such as cattle or sheep for meat or wool.

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Rapids are sections of a river where the river bed has a relatively steep gradient, causing an increase in water velocity and turbulence.

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Red-bellied piranha

The red-bellied piranha, also known as the red piranha (Pygocentrus nattereri), is a species of piranha native to South America, found in the Amazon, Paraguay, Paraná and Essequibo basins, as well as coastal rivers of northeastern Brazil.

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Reptiles are tetrapod animals in the class Reptilia, comprising today's turtles, crocodilians, snakes, amphisbaenians, lizards, tuatara, and their extinct relatives.

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Respiration (physiology)

In physiology, respiration is defined as the movement of oxygen from the outside environment to the cells within tissues, and the transport of carbon dioxide in the opposite direction.

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Rio Negro (Amazon)

The Rio Negro (br; Río Negro "Black River") is the largest left tributary of the Amazon River, the largest blackwater river in the world (accounting for about 14% of the water in the Amazon basin), and one of the world's ten largest rivers by average discharge.

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Rodents (from Latin rodere, "to gnaw") are mammals of the order Rodentia, which are characterized by a single pair of continuously growing incisors in each of the upper and lower jaws.

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Skin is the soft outer tissue covering vertebrates.

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Slash-and-burn agriculture, or fire–fallow cultivation, is a farming method that involves the cutting and burning of plants in a forest or woodland to create a field called a swidden.

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South America

South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.

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South American jaguar

The South American jaguar is a population of the jaguar in South America.

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South American lungfish

The South American lungfish (Lepidosiren paradoxa) is the single species of lungfish found in swamps and slow-moving waters of the Amazon, Paraguay, and lower Paraná River basins in South America.

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South American tapir

The South American tapir (Tapirus terrestris), also commonly called the Brazilian tapir (from the Tupi tapi'ira), the lowland tapir, in Portuguese anta, and in Quechua sachavaca, is one of five species in the tapir family, along with the mountain tapir, the Malayan tapir, Baird's tapir, and the kabomani tapir.

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The soybean (Glycine max), or soya bean, is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean, which has numerous uses.

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Spanish language

Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.

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Sunlight is a portion of the electromagnetic radiation given off by the Sun, in particular infrared, visible, and ultraviolet light.

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Suriname (also spelled Surinam), officially known as the Republic of Suriname (Republiek Suriname), is a sovereign state on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America.

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The tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum) is a large species of freshwater fish in the family Serrasalmidae.

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Tambopata National Reserve

Tambopata National Reserve (Reserva Nacional Tambopata) is a nature reserve in the Peruvian Amazon Basin south of the Madre de Dios River in Tambopata Province's Inambari and Tambopata districts.

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The Washington Post

The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.

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Tocantins River

The Tocantins River is a river in Brazil, the central fluvial artery of the country.

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Toucans are members of the Neotropical near passerine bird family Ramphastidae.

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The Trichomycteridae are a family of catfishes (order Siluriformes) commonly known as the pencil or parasitic catfishes.

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Tropical forest

Tropical forests are forested landscapes in tropical regions: i.e. land areas approximately bounded by the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, but possibly affected by other factors such as prevailing winds.

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Tupi language

Old Tupi or classical Tupi is an extinct Tupian language which was spoken by the native Tupi people of Brazil, mostly those who inhabited coastal regions in South and Southeast Brazil.

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Turtles are diapsids of the order Testudines (or Chelonii) characterized by a special bony or cartilaginous shell developed from their ribs and acting as a shield.

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Ucayali Peneplain

The Ucayali Peneplain is a large near-flat erosion surface, a peneplain, located in the Amazon basin.

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Undescribed taxon

In taxonomy, an undescribed taxon is a taxon (for example, a species) that has been discovered, but not yet formally described and named.

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Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).

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Whitewater river (river type)

A whitewater river is classified based on its chemistry, sediments and water colour.

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Xyliphius is a genus of banjo catfishes from South America This genus appears to be widespread in the Magdalena, Orinoco, Amazon, and Paraguay-Paraná River systems where they are most common in deeper waters.

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The Yanomami, also spelled Yąnomamö or Yanomama, are a group of approximately 35,000 indigenous people who live in some 200–250 villages in the Amazon rainforest on the border between Venezuela and Brazil.

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Yerupajá is a mountain of the Huayhuash mountain range in west central Peru, part of the Andes.

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Redirects here:

Amazon Basin, Amazon River Basin, Amazon River basin, Amazon region, Amazon river basin, Amazonas Basin, Amazonian river basin.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amazon_basin

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