116 relations: A41 road, Aisle, Akeman Street, Alchester Roman Town, Ambrosius Aurelianus, Ancient Roman pottery, Ancient Rome, Anglo-Saxons, Arcade (architecture), Archbishops' Council, Archdeacon of Huntingdon and Wisbech, Arncott, Ashridge Priory, Augustinians, Ælfgifu, Banbury (UK Parliament constituency), Bay (architecture), Bell tower, Bibury, Bicester, Bicester Military Railway, Bishop of Peterborough, Blackthorn, Oxfordshire, British Army, Brothers of Penitence, Buckinghamshire Railway, Cavalier, Central Council of Church Bell Ringers, Chacombe, Change ringing, Chelmsford, Cherwell District, Chiltern Railways, Church of England, Church of England parish church, Civil parish, Clerestory, Clergy house, Common land, Commonwealth of England, Cotswolds, Danelaw, Dissolution of the Monasteries, Domesday Book, Edmund, 2nd Earl of Cornwall, Edward the Confessor, Enclosure, English Civil War, English Gothic architecture, F&W Media International, ..., Fosse Way, Gloucestershire, Glynne baronets, Gothic Revival architecture, Gregory Page-Turner, Guinea (coin), Honour (feudal barony), Institute of Historical Research, Islip, Oxfordshire, James II of England, John Taylor & Co, London and North Western Railway, Lord of the manor, Loughborough, Manorialism, Merton, Oxfordshire, Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom), Nave, Neighbourhood Statistics, Norman architecture, Office for National Statistics, Old English, Open-field system, Oxford, Oxford Rewley Road railway station, Oxford University Press, Oxford–Bicester line, Oxfordshire, Parliament of England, Penguin Books, Perpetual virginity of Mary, Pew, Piddington, Oxfordshire, Prunus spinosa, Pub, Recusancy, Resurrection of Jesus, River Bure, River Cherwell, River Ray, Roger d'Ivry, Roman roads, Saint-Valery-en-Caux, Sanderson Miller, Sir Edward Turner, 1st Baronet, Sir Edward Turner, 2nd Baronet, Sir William Glynne, 1st Baronet, St Botolph's Aldgate, St Edmund Hall, Oxford, Stoke Prior, Worcestershire, The Crown, Toponymy, United Kingdom census, 2011, University of London, Victoria County History, Village hall, Watling Street, West gallery music, White Kennett, William the Conqueror, Witney, Woodeaton, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, World War II, Yard, Yeoman. Expand index (66 more) » « Shrink index
The A41 is a major trunk road in England that links London and Birkenhead, although it has now in parts been superseded by motorways.
An aisle is, in general (common), a space for walking with rows of seats on both sides or with rows of seats on one side and a wall on the other.
Akeman Street was a major Roman road in England that linked Watling Street with the Fosse Way.
Alchester is the site of an ancient Roman town.
Ambrosius Aurelianus (Emrys Wledig; Anglicised as Ambrose Aurelian and called Aurelius Ambrosius in the Historia Regum Britanniae and elsewhere) was a war leader of the Romano-British who won an important battle against the Anglo-Saxons in the 5th century, according to Gildas.
Pottery was produced in enormous quantities in ancient Rome, mostly for utilitarian purposes.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.
An arcade is a succession of arches, each counter-thrusting the next, supported by columns, piers, or a covered walkway enclosed by a line of such arches on one or both sides.
The Archbishops' Council is a part of the governance structures of the Church of England.
The Archdeacon of Huntingdon and Wisbech is a senior ecclesiastical officer in the Diocese of Ely.
Arncott or Arncot is a village and civil parish about southeast of Bicester in Oxfordshire.
Ashridge Priory was a medieval abbey of the Brothers of Penitence.
The term Augustinians, named after Augustine of Hippo (354–430), applies to two distinct types of Catholic religious orders, dating back to the first millennium but formally created in the 13th century, and some Anglican religious orders, created in the 19th century, though technically there is no "Order of St.
Ælfgifu (also Ælfgyfu; Elfgifa, Elfgiva, Elgiva) is an Anglo-Saxon feminine personal name, from ælf "elf" and gifu "gift".
Banbury is a constituency in Oxfordshire created in 1553 and represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Victoria Prentis of the Conservative Party.
In architecture, a bay is the space between architectural elements, or a recess or compartment.
A bell tower is a tower that contains one or more bells, or that is designed to hold bells even if it has none.
Bibury is a village and civil parish in Gloucestershire, England.
Bicester is a town and civil parish in the Cherwell district of northeastern Oxfordshire in England.
The Bicester Military Railway (BMR) is a railway in Oxfordshire, England belonging to the Ministry of Defence.
The Bishop of Peterborough is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Peterborough in the Province of Canterbury.
Blackthorn is a village and civil parish in the Cherwell District of Oxfordshire about southeast of Bicester.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The Brothers of Penitence or Friars of the Sack (Fratres Saccati) were an Augustinian order also known as Boni Homines, Bonshommes or Bones-homes, with houses in Spain, France and England.
The Buckinghamshire Railway was a railway company in Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire, England that constructed railway lines connecting Bletchley, Banbury and Oxford.
The term Cavalier was first used by Roundheads as a term of abuse for the wealthier Royalist supporters of King Charles I and his son Charles II of England during the English Civil War, the Interregnum, and the Restoration (1642 – c. 1679).
The Central Council of Church Bell Ringers (CCCBR) is an organisation founded in 1891 which represents ringers of church bells in the English style.
Chacombe is a village and civil parish in South Northamptonshire, about north-east of the Oxfordshire town of Banbury.
Change ringing is the art of ringing a set of tuned bells in a controlled manner to produce variations in their striking sequences.
Chelmsford is the principal settlement of the City of Chelmsford district, and the county town of Essex, in the East of England.
Cherwell is a local government district in northern Oxfordshire, England.
Chiltern Railways is a British train operating company owned by Arriva UK Trains that has operated the Chiltern Railways franchise since July 1996.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
A parish church in the Church of England is the church which acts as the religious centre for the people within the smallest and most basic Church of England administrative region, the parish – since the 19th century called the ecclesiastical parish (outside meetings of the church) to avoid confusion with the civil parish which many towns and villages have.
In England, a civil parish is a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority.
In architecture, a clerestory (lit. clear storey, also clearstory, clearstorey, or overstorey) is a high section of wall that contains windows above eye level.
A clergy house or rectory is the residence, or former residence, of one or more priests or ministers of religion.
Common land is land owned collectively by a number of persons, or by one person, but over which other people have certain traditional rights, such as to allow their livestock to graze upon it, to collect wood, or to cut turf for fuel.
The Commonwealth was the period from 1649 to 1660 when England and Wales, later along with Ireland and Scotland, was ruled as a republic following the end of the Second English Civil War and the trial and execution of Charles I. The republic's existence was declared through "An Act declaring England to be a Commonwealth", adopted by the Rump Parliament on 19 May 1649.
The Cotswolds is an area in south central England containing the Cotswold Hills, a range of rolling hills which rise from the meadows of the upper Thames to an escarpment, known as the Cotswold Edge, above the Severn Valley and Evesham Vale.
The Danelaw (also known as the Danelagh; Dena lagu; Danelagen), as recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, is a historical name given to the part of England in which the laws of the Danes held sway and dominated those of the Anglo-Saxons.
The Dissolution of the Monasteries, sometimes referred to as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the set of administrative and legal processes between 1536 and 1541 by which Henry VIII disbanded monasteries, priories, convents and friaries in England and Wales and Ireland, appropriated their income, disposed of their assets, and provided for their former personnel and functions.
Domesday Book (or; Latin: Liber de Wintonia "Book of Winchester") is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror.
Edmund of Almain (26 December 1249 – 1300) was the second Earl of Cornwall of the fourth creation from 1272.
Edward the Confessor (Ēadƿeard Andettere, Eduardus Confessor; 1003 – 5 January 1066), also known as Saint Edward the Confessor, was among the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England.
Enclosure (sometimes inclosure) was the legal process in England of consolidating (enclosing) small landholdings into larger farms.
The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance.
English Gothic is an architectural style originating in France, before then flourishing in England from about 1180 until about 1520.
F&W Media International Limited, formerly known as David & Charles Publishers (also styled as David and Charles), is a publisher of illustrated non-fiction books, eBooks, digital products, craft patterns and online education courses.
The Fosse Way was a Roman road in England that linked Exeter (Isca Dumnoniorum) in South West England to Lincoln (Lindum Colonia) in Lincolnshire, via Ilchester (Lindinis), Bath (Aquae Sulis), Cirencester (Corinium) and Leicester (Ratae Corieltauvorum).
Gloucestershire (formerly abbreviated as Gloucs. in print but now often as Glos.) is a county in South West England.
The Glynne Baronetcy, of Bisseter in the County of Oxford, was a title in the Baronetage of England.
Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.
Sir Gregory Page-Turner, 3rd Baronet (16 February 1748 – 4 January 1805) was a wealthy landowner and politician in late 18th century England, serving as Member of Parliament (MP) for Thirsk for 21 years.
The guinea was a coin of approximately one quarter ounce of gold that was minted in Great Britain between 1663 and 1814.
In medieval England, an honour could consist of a great lordship, comprising dozens or hundreds of manors.
The Institute of Historical Research (IHR) is a British educational organisation providing resources and training for historical researchers.
Islip is a village and civil parish on the River Ray, just above its confluence with the River Cherwell in Oxfordshire, England.
James II and VII (14 October 1633O.S. – 16 September 1701An assertion found in many sources that James II died 6 September 1701 (17 September 1701 New Style) may result from a miscalculation done by an author of anonymous "An Exact Account of the Sickness and Death of the Late King James II, as also of the Proceedings at St. Germains thereupon, 1701, in a letter from an English gentleman in France to his friend in London" (Somers Tracts, ed. 1809–1815, XI, pp. 339–342). The account reads: "And on Friday the 17th instant, about three in the afternoon, the king died, the day he always fasted in memory of our blessed Saviour's passion, the day he ever desired to die on, and the ninth hour, according to the Jewish account, when our Saviour was crucified." As 17 September 1701 New Style falls on a Saturday and the author insists that James died on Friday, "the day he ever desired to die on", an inevitable conclusion is that the author miscalculated the date, which later made it to various reference works. See "English Historical Documents 1660–1714", ed. by Andrew Browning (London and New York: Routledge, 2001), 136–138.) was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
John Taylor & Co, commonly known as Taylor's Bell Foundry, Taylor's of Loughborough, or simply Taylor's, is the world's largest working bell foundry.
The London and North Western Railway (LNWR, L&NWR) was a British railway company between 1846 and 1922.
In British or Irish history, the lordship of a manor is a lordship emanating from the feudal system of manorialism.
Loughborough is a town in the Charnwood borough of Leicestershire, England, seat of Charnwood Borough Council, and home to Loughborough University.
Manorialism was an essential element of feudal society.
Merton is a village and civil parish near the River Ray, about south of Bicester in Oxfordshire, England.
The Ministry of Defence (MoD or MOD) is the British government department responsible for implementing the defence policy set by Her Majesty's Government and is the headquarters of the British Armed Forces.
The nave is the central aisle of a basilica church, or the main body of a church (whether aisled or not) between its rear wall and the far end of its intersection with the transept at the chancel.
The Neighbourhood Statistics Service (NeSS) was established in 2001 by the UK's Office for National Statistics (ONS) and the Neighbourhood Renewal Unit (NRU) - then part of the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (ODPM), now Communities and Local Government (CLG) - to provide good quality small area data to support the Government's Neighbourhood Renewal agenda.
The term Norman architecture is used to categorise styles of Romanesque architecture developed by the Normans in the various lands under their dominion or influence in the 11th and 12th centuries.
The Office for National Statistics (ONS) is the executive office of the UK Statistics Authority, a non-ministerial department which reports directly to the UK Parliament.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
The open-field system was the prevalent agricultural system in much of Europe during the Middle Ages and lasted into the 20th century in parts of western Europe, Russia, Iran and Turkey.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
Oxford Rewley Road railway station was a railway station serving the city of Oxford, England, located immediately to the north of what is now Frideswide Square on the site of the Saïd Business School, to the west of Rewley Road.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
The Oxford–Bicester line is a railway line linking Oxford and Bicester in Oxfordshire, England.
Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from Oxonium, the Latin name for Oxford) is a county in South East England.
The Parliament of England was the legislature of the Kingdom of England, existing from the early 13th century until 1707, when it became the Parliament of Great Britain after the political union of England and Scotland created the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Penguin Books is a British publishing house.
The perpetual virginity of Mary is a Marian doctrine, taught by the Catholic Church and held by a number of groups in Christianity, which asserts that Mary (the mother of Jesus) was "always a virgin, before, during and after the birth of Jesus Christ." This doctrine also proclaims that Mary had no marital relations after Jesus' birth nor gave birth to any children other than Jesus.
A pew is a long bench seat or enclosed box, used for seating members of a congregation or choir in a church or sometimes a courtroom.
Piddington is a village and civil parish about southeast of Bicester in Oxfordshire, England.
Prunus spinosa (blackthorn, or sloe) is a species of flowering plant in the rose family Rosaceae.
A pub, or public house, is an establishment licensed to sell alcoholic drinks, which traditionally include beer (such as ale) and cider.
Recusancy was the state of those who refused to attend Anglican services during the history of England and Wales and of Ireland; these individuals were known as recusants.
The resurrection of Jesus or resurrection of Christ is the Christian religious belief that, after being put to death, Jesus rose again from the dead: as the Nicene Creed expresses it, "On the third day he rose again in accordance with the Scriptures".
The River Bure is a river in the county of Norfolk, England, most of it in the Broads.
The River Cherwell is a major tributary of the River Thames in central England.
The River Ray is a river in Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire, England.
Roger d'Ivry or d'Ivri or Rog'ive or Roger Perceval (died 1079) was an 11th-century nobleman from Ivry-la-Bataille in Normandy.
Roman roads (Latin: viae Romanae; singular: via Romana meaning "Roman way") were physical infrastructure vital to the maintenance and development of the Roman state, and were built from about 300 BC through the expansion and consolidation of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.
Saint-Valery-en-Caux is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in northern France.
Sanderson Miller (1716 – 23 April 1780) was an English pioneer of Gothic revival architecture and landscape designer.
Sir Edward Turner, 1st Baronet (1691 – 1735) was an 18th-century investor, landowner and baronet.
Sir Edward Turner, 2nd Baronet (28 April 1719 – 31 October 1766) was one of the Turner baronets of Ambrosden and a Member of Parliament.
Sir William Glynne, 1st Baronet (20 January 1638 – 8 September 1690) was a Welsh politician.
St Botolph's Aldgate is a Church of England parish church in the City of London and also, as it lies outside the line of the city's former eastern walls, a part of the East End of London.
St Edmund Hall (sometimes known as The Hall or affectionately as Teddy Hall) is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England.
Stoke Prior is a village in the civil parish of Stoke in Bromsgrove District of Worcestershire.
The Crown is the state in all its aspects within the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth realms and their sub-divisions (such as Crown dependencies, provinces, or states).
Toponymy is the study of place names (toponyms), their origins, meanings, use, and typology.
A census of the population of the United Kingdom is taken every ten years.
The University of London (abbreviated as Lond. or more rarely Londin. in post-nominals) is a collegiate and a federal research university located in London, England.
The Victoria History of the Counties of England, commonly known as the Victoria County History or the VCH, is an English history project which began in 1899 and was dedicated to Queen Victoria with the aim of creating an encyclopaedic history of each of the historic counties of England.
In the United Kingdom, a village hall is usually a building within a village which contains at least one large room, usually owned by and run for the benefit of the local community.
Watling Street is a route in England and Wales that began as an ancient trackway first used by the Britons, mainly between the areas of modern Canterbury and using a natural ford near Westminster.
West gallery music, also known as "Georgian psalmody", refers to the sacred music (metrical psalms, with a few hymns and anthems) sung and played in English parish churches, as well as nonconformist chapels, from 1700 to around 1850.
White Kennett (10 August 1660 – 19 December 1728) was an English bishop and antiquarian.
William I (c. 1028Bates William the Conqueror p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087.
Witney is a historic market town on the River Windrush, west of Oxford in Oxfordshire, England.
Woodeaton or Wood Eaton is a village and civil parish about northeast of Oxford, England.
Woodstock is a market town and civil parish northwest of Oxford in Oxfordshire, England.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The yard (abbreviation: yd) is an English unit of length, in both the British imperial and US customary systems of measurement, that comprises 3 feet or 36 inches.
A yeoman was a member of a social class in late medieval to early modern England.