570 relations: Aaron Copland, Abraham Foxman, Abraham Joshua Heschel, Adam Silver, Adam Yauch, Adlai Stevenson II, African Americans, African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem, African-American Jews, Al Franken, Al Gore, Al Smith, Alameda County, California, Alan Grayson, Alan Greenspan, Albany County, New York, Alexandria, Virginia, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, Allen Ginsberg, Alpine County, California, Alysa Stanton, American Civil War, American English, American exceptionalism, American Jewish Congress, American Jewish cuisine, American lower class, Americans, Americans for Peace Now, An Empire of Their Own, Anthony Weiner, Anti-Defamation League, Antisemitism, Arapahoe County, Colorado, Arizona, Arizona State University Tempe campus, Arlington County, Virginia, Arlo Guthrie, Arnold Dashefsky, Arnold Eisen, Ashkenazi Jews, Atlantic County, New Jersey, August Belmont, Austria-Hungary, Ayn Rand, Baal teshuva movement, Balfour Declaration, Baltimore, Baltimore County, Maryland, Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area, ..., Barack Obama, Barbara Boxer, Barry Goldwater, Beastie Boys, Belarus, Ben Bernanke, Ben Cardin, Bergen County, New Jersey, Berkshire County, Massachusetts, Berman Jewish DataBank, Bernie Sanders, Bernie Sanders presidential campaign, 2016, Beta Israel, Beverly Hills, California, Biblical Hebrew, Bill Clinton, Billy the Kid (ballet), Binghamton University, BlackRock, Bob Dole, Boston, Boston University, Boulder County, Colorado, Brandeis University, Brighton Beach, British America, Brooklyn, Brooklyn College, Broomfield, Colorado, Broward County, Florida, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, Buddhism in the United States, Bukharan Jews, Bukhori dialect, Burlington County, New Jersey, California, California Proposition 8 (2008), California State University, Northridge, Cambridge University Press, Camden County, New Jersey, Capers Funnye, Carl Levin, CBS, Central bank, Cerberus Capital Management, Chair of the Federal Reserve, Cherokee County, Georgia, Chester County, Pennsylvania, Chicago, Chicago metropolitan area, Chuck Schumer, Chutzpah, Citigroup, Civil and political rights, Civil rights movement, Clark County, Nevada, Clay County, Georgia, CNN, Cobb County, Georgia, Coen brothers, Colette Avital, Collier County, Florida, Columbia University, Confederate States of America, Confounding, Connecticut, Conservative Judaism, Consul (representative), Contra Costa County, California, Conversion to Judaism, Cook County, Illinois, Cornell University, Corporation, Crown Publishing Group, Cultural assimilation, Culture of the United States, Cumberland County, Maine, Custer County, Idaho, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, David Cicilline, David Levy Yulee, David Stern, Deborah Dash Moore, DeKalb County, Georgia, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, Delaware Valley, Democratic Party (United States), Democratic Party presidential primaries, 2016, Demographics of the Supreme Court of the United States, Denver, Dianne Feinstein, Distinguished Service Cross (United States), Distinguished Service Medal (U.S. Army), Distinguished Service Medal (United States Navy), Doc Pomus, Dukes County, Massachusetts, Dutchess County, New York, Dwight D. 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Harding, Washington University in St. Louis, Washington, D.C., West Bank, Westchester County, New York, White Americans, White-collar worker, Who is a Jew?, William S. Paley, Woodrow Wilson, Woody Guthrie, World Jewish Congress, World War I, World War II, Yaphet Kotto, Yerida, Yeshiva University, Yiddish, Yinglish, Yitzhak Rabin, Ynet, Zionism, Zionist Organization of America, 1982 Lebanon War. Expand index (520 more) » « Shrink index
Aaron Copland (November 14, 1900December 2, 1990) was an American composer, composition teacher, writer, and later a conductor of his own and other American music.
Abraham Henry Foxman (born May 1, 1940) is an American lawyer and activist.
Abraham Joshua Heschel (January 11, 1907 – December 23, 1972) was a Polish-born American rabbi and one of the leading Jewish theologians and Jewish philosophers of the 20th century.
Adam Silver (born April 25, 1962) is an American lawyer and businessman, who is currently the commissioner of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Adam Nathaniel Yauch (pronounced; August 5, 1964 – May 4, 2012) was an American rapper, singer, musician, songwriter, director and film distributor.
Adlai Ewing Stevenson II (February 5, 1900 – July 14, 1965) was an American lawyer, politician, and diplomat, noted for his intellectual demeanor, eloquent public speaking, and promotion of progressive causes in the Democratic Party.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
The African Hebrew Israelite Nation of Jerusalem (also known as The Black Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem, the Black Hebrew Israelites, or simply the Black Hebrews or Black Israelites) is a small spiritual group whose members believe they are descended from the Twelve Tribes of Israel.
African-American Jews are people of mixed Jewish-African-American background, or African Americans who are Jewish by birth or have converted to Judaism.
Alan Stuart Franken (born May 21, 1951) is an American comedian, writer, producer, author, and politician who served as a United States Senator from Minnesota from 2009 to 2018.
Albert Arnold Gore Jr. (born March 31, 1948) is an American politician and environmentalist who served as the 45th Vice President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
Alfred Emanuel Smith (December 30, 1873 – October 4, 1944) was an American politician who was elected Governor of New York four times and was the Democratic U.S. presidential candidate in 1928.
Alameda County is a county in the state of California in the United States.
Alan Mark Grayson (born March 13, 1958) is an American politician who was the United States Representative for and a member of the Democratic Party.
Alan Greenspan (born March 6, 1926) is an American economist who served as Chairman of the Federal Reserve of the United States from 1987 to 2006.
Albany County is a county in the state of New York, in the United States.
Alexandria is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Allegheny County is a county in the southwest of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Irwin Allen Ginsberg (June 3, 1926 – April 5, 1997) was an American poet, philosopher, writer, and activist.
Alpine County, officially the County of Alpine, is a county in the U.S. state of California.
Alysa Stanton (born c. 1964) is an African-American Jew.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
American exceptionalism is an ideology holding the United States as unique among nations in positive or negative connotations, with respect to its ideas of democracy and personal freedom.
The American Jewish Congress is as an association of Jewish Americans organized to defend Jewish interests at home and abroad through public policy advocacy, using diplomacy, legislation, and the courts.
American Jewish cuisine comprises the food, cooking, and dining customs associated with American Jews.
In the United States, the lower class are those at or near the lower end of the socio-economic hierarchy.
Americans are citizens of the United States of America.
Americans for Peace Now (APN) is a nonprofit organization based in the United States whose stated aim is to help achieve a comprehensive political settlement to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.
An Empire of Their Own: How the Jews Invented Hollywood is a 1988 non-fiction book whose topic is the careers of several prominent Jewish film producers in the early years of Hollywood.
Anthony David Weiner (born September 4, 1964) is an American former Democratic congressman who represented from January 1999 until June 2011.
The Anti-Defamation League (ADL; formerly known as the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith) is an international Jewish non-governmental organization based in the United States.
Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews.
Arapahoe County is one of the 64 counties in the U.S. state of Colorado.
Arizona (Hoozdo Hahoodzo; Alĭ ṣonak) is a U.S. state in the southwestern region of the United States.
Arizona State University Tempe campus is the largest of four campuses that compose Arizona State University.
Arlington County is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia, often referred to simply as Arlington or Arlington, Virginia.
Arlo Davy Guthrie (born July 10, 1947) is an American folk singer-songwriter.
Arnold Dashefsky, born in 1942, is a professor at the University of Connecticut who has written several books on the topics relating to Jewish ethnicity, culture, ideologies, among others.
Arnold M. Eisen, Ph.D. (born 1951) is an American Judaic scholar who is Chancellor of the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York.
Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or simply Ashkenazim (אַשְׁכְּנַזִּים, Ashkenazi Hebrew pronunciation:, singular:, Modern Hebrew:; also), are a Jewish diaspora population who coalesced in the Holy Roman Empire around the end of the first millennium.
Atlantic County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey.
August Belmont Sr. (December 8, 1813November 24, 1890) was a German Jewish-American politician, financier, foreign diplomat, and party chairman of the Democratic National Committee during the 1860s, and later a horse-breeder and racehorse owner.
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.
Ayn Rand (born Alisa Zinovyevna Rosenbaum; – March 6, 1982) was a Russian-American writer and philosopher.
The Baal Teshuva movement is a description of the return of secular Jews to religious Judaism.
The Balfour Declaration was a public statement issued by the British government during World War I announcing support for the establishment of a "national home for the Jewish people" in Palestine, then an Ottoman region with a minority Jewish population (around 3–5% of the total).
Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.
Baltimore County is located in the U.S. state of Maryland.
The Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area is a combined statistical area consisting of the overlapping labor market region of the cities of Washington, D.C. and Baltimore, Maryland.
Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.
Barbara Levy Boxer (born November 11, 1940) is a retired American politician who served as a United States Senator for California from 1993 to 2017.
Barry Morris Goldwater (January 2, 1909 – May 29, 1998) was an American politician, businessman, and author who was a five-term United States Senator from Arizona (1953–65, 1969–87) and the Republican Party's nominee for President of the United States in 1964.
The Beastie Boys were an American rap rock band from New York City, formed in 1979.
Belarus (Беларусь, Biełaruś,; Беларусь, Belarus'), officially the Republic of Belarus (Рэспубліка Беларусь; Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Белоруссия, Byelorussiya), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.
Ben Shalom Bernanke (born December 13, 1953) is an American economist at the Brookings Institution who served two terms as Chairman of the Federal Reserve, the central bank of the United States, from 2006 to 2014.
Benjamin Louis Cardin (born October 5, 1943) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Maryland, first elected to that seat in 2006.
Bergen County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of New Jersey.
Berkshire County, pronounced, is a county located on the western edge of the U.S. state of Massachusetts.
The Berman Jewish DataBank, founded as the North American Jewish Data Bank, is the central online source for social scientific studies of North American Jewry and world Jewish populations and communities.
Bernard Sanders (born September 8, 1941) is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Vermont since 2007.
The 2016 presidential campaign of Bernie Sanders, the junior United States Senator and former Representative from Vermont, began with an informal announcement on April 30, 2015, and a formal announcement that he planned to seek the Democratic Party's nomination for President of the United States on May 26, 2015, in Burlington, Vermont.
Beta Israel (בֵּיתֶא יִשְׂרָאֵל, Beyte (beyt) Yisrael; ቤተ እስራኤል, Bēta 'Isrā'ēl, modern Bēte 'Isrā'ēl, EAE: "Betä Ǝsraʾel", "House of Israel" or "Community of Israel"), also known as Ethiopian Jews (יְהוּדֵי אֶתְיוֹפְּיָה: Yehudey Etyopyah; Ge'ez: የኢትዮጵያ አይሁድዊ, ye-Ityoppya Ayhudi), are Jews whose community developed and lived for centuries in the area of the Kingdom of Aksum and the Ethiopian Empire that is currently divided between the Amhara and Tigray Regions of Ethiopia and Eritrea.
Beverly Hills is an affluent city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, surrounded by the cities of Los Angeles and West Hollywood.
Biblical Hebrew (rtl Ivrit Miqra'it or rtl Leshon ha-Miqra), also called Classical Hebrew, is an archaic form of Hebrew, a Canaanite Semitic language spoken by the Israelites in the area known as Israel, roughly west of the Jordan River and east of the Mediterranean Sea.
William Jefferson Clinton (born August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
Billy the Kid is a 1938 ballet written by the American composer Aaron Copland on commission from Lincoln Kirstein.
The State University of New York at Binghamton, commonly referred to as Binghamton University or SUNY Binghamton, is a public research university with campuses in Binghamton, Vestal, and Johnson City, New York, United States.
BlackRock, Inc. is an American global investment management corporation based in New York City.
Robert Joseph Dole (born July 22, 1923) is a retired American politician and attorney who represented Kansas in Congress from 1961 to 1996 and served as the Republican Leader of the United States Senate from 1985 until 1996.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Boston University (commonly referred to as BU) is a private, non-profit, research university in Boston, Massachusetts.
Boulder County is one of the 64 counties of the U.S. state of Colorado of the United States.
Brandeis University is an American private research university in Waltham, Massachusetts, 9 miles (14 km) west of Boston.
Brighton Beach is an oceanside neighborhood in the southern portion of the New York City borough of Brooklyn, along the Coney Island peninsula.
British America refers to English Crown colony territories on the continent of North America and Bermuda, Central America, the Caribbean, and Guyana from 1607 to 1783.
Brooklyn is the most populous borough of New York City, with a census-estimated 2,648,771 residents in 2017.
Brooklyn College is a senior university of the City University of New York, located on the border of the Midwood and Flatbush neighborhoods of Brooklyn, New York City.
Broomfield, officially the City and County of Broomfield is a consolidated city and county in the U.S. state of Colorado.
Broward County is a county in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Florida.
Bucks County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
Buddhism, once thought of as a mysterious religion from the East, has now become very popular in the West, and is one of the largest religions in the United States.
Bukharan Jews, also Bukharian Jews or Bukhari Jews (Бухарские евреи Bukharskie evrei; בוכרים Bukharim; Tajik and Bukhori Cyrillic: яҳудиёни бухороӣ Yahudiyoni bukhoroī (Bukharan Jews) or яҳудиёни Бухоро Yahudiyoni Bukhoro (Jews of Bukhara), Bukhori Hebrew Script: and), are Jews of the Mizrahi branch from Central Asia who historically spoke Bukhori, a Tajik dialect of the Persian language.
Bukhori (Tajiki: бухорӣ – buxorī, Hebrew script: בוכארי buxori), also known as Bukhari and Bukharian, is a dialect of the Tajiki language spoken in Central Asia (and in the diaspora) by Bukharian Jews.
Burlington County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Proposition 8, known informally as Prop 8, was a California ballot proposition and a state constitutional amendment passed in the November 2008 California state elections.
California State University, Northridge (also known as CSUN) is a public university in the Northridge neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, United States, in the San Fernando Valley.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Camden County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey.
Capers C. Funnye Jr. (born April 14, 1952) is an African-American rabbi, who leads the 200-member Beth Shalom B'nai Zaken Ethiopian Hebrew Congregation of Chicago, Illinois, assisted by rabbis Avraham Ben Israel and Joshua V. Salter.
Carl Milton Levin (born June 28, 1934) is an American attorney and retired politician who served as a United States Senator from Michigan from 1979 - 2015.
CBS (an initialism of the network's former name, the Columbia Broadcasting System) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of CBS Corporation.
A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages a state's currency, money supply, and interest rates.
Cerberus Capital Management, L.P. is an American private equity firm,Leaders Magazine.
The Chair of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System is the head of the Federal Reserve, which is the central banking system of the United States.
Cherokee County is a county located in the US state of Georgia.
Chester County (Chesco) is a county in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
The Chicago metropolitan area, or Chicagoland, is the metropolitan area that includes the city of Chicago, Illinois, and its suburbs.
Charles Ellis Schumer (born November 23, 1950) is an American politician of the Democratic Party serving as the senior United States Senator from New York, a seat he was first elected to in 1998.
Chutzpah is the quality of audacity, for good or for bad.
Citigroup Inc. or Citi (stylized as citi) is an American multinational investment bank and financial services corporation headquartered in New York City.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
The civil rights movement (also known as the African-American civil rights movement, American civil rights movement and other terms) was a decades-long movement with the goal of securing legal rights for African Americans that other Americans already held.
Clark County is located in the U.S. state of Nevada.
Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
Cobb County is a suburban county in the U.S. state of Georgia.
Joel David Coen (born November 29, 1954) and Ethan Jesse CoenState of Minnesota.
Colette Avital (קולט אביטל, born 1 May 1940) is an Israeli diplomat and politician.
Collier County is a county in the U.S. state of Florida.
Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in 1754, is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
In statistics, a confounder (also confounding variable, confounding factor or lurking variable) is a variable that influences both the dependent variable and independent variable causing a spurious association.
Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Conservative Judaism (known as Masorti Judaism outside North America) is a major Jewish denomination, which views Jewish Law, or Halakha, as both binding and subject to historical development.
A consul is an official representative of the government of one state in the territory of another, normally acting to assist and protect the citizens of the consul's own country, and to facilitate trade and friendship between the people of the two countries.
Contra Costa County is a county in the state of California in the United States.
Conversion to Judaism (גיור, giyur) is the religious conversion of non-Jews to become members of the Jewish religion and Jewish ethnoreligious community.
Cook County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois.
Cornell University is a private and statutory Ivy League research university located in Ithaca, New York.
A corporation is a company or group of people or an organisation authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such in law.
The Crown Publishing Group is a subsidiary of Random House that publishes across several categories including fiction, non-fiction, biography, autobiography and memoir, cooking, health, business, and lifestyle.
Cultural assimilation is the process in which a minority group or culture comes to resemble those of a dominant group.
The culture of the United States of America is primarily of Western culture (European) origin and form, but is influenced by a multicultural ethos that includes African, Native American, Asian, Polynesian, and Latin American people and their cultures.
Cumberland County is a county in the state of Maine, United States.
Custer County is a rural mountain county in the center of the U.S. state of Idaho.
Cuyahoga County (or or) is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio.
David Nicola Cicilline (born July 15, 1961) is an American politician who has been the U.S. Representative for since 2011.
David Levy Yulee (born David Levy; June 12, 1810 – October 10, 1886) was an American politician and attorney.
David Joel Stern (born September 22, 1942) is the former commissioner of the National Basketball Association.
Deborah Dash Moore (born 1946, in New York City) is the former Director of the Frankel Center for Judaic Studies and a Frederick G.L. Huetwell Professor of History and Judaic Studies at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
DeKalb County is a county in the U.S. state of Georgia.
Delaware County, colloquially referred to as Delco, is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
The Delaware Valley is the valley through which the Delaware River flows.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
The 2016 Democratic Party presidential primaries and caucuses were a series of electoral contests organized by the Democratic Party to select the 4,051 delegates to the Democratic National Convention held July 25–28 and determine the nominee for President of the United States in the 2016 U.S. presidential election.
The demographics of the Supreme Court of the United States encompass the gender, ethnicity, and religious, geographic, and economic backgrounds of the 113 people who have been appointed and confirmed as justices to the Supreme Court.
Denver, officially the City and County of Denver, is the capital and most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Colorado.
Dianne Goldman Berman Feinstein (born Dianne Emiel Goldman, June 22, 1933) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from California, a seat she has held since 1992.
The Distinguished Service Cross is the second highest military award that can be given to a member of the United States Army (and previously the United States Air Force), for extreme gallantry and risk of life in actual combat with an armed enemy force.
The Distinguished Service Medal (DSM) is a military award of the United States Army that is presented to any person who, while serving in any capacity with the United States military, has distinguished himself by exceptionally meritorious service to the Government in a duty of great responsibility.
The Navy Distinguished Service Medal is a military decoration of the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps which was first created in 1919.
Jerome Solon Felder (June 27, 1925 – March 14, 1991), known as Doc Pomus, was an American blues singer and songwriter.
Dukes County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts.
Dutchess County is a county located in the southeastern portion of the U.S. state of New York.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American army general and statesman who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.
Elena Kagan (pronounced; born April 28, 1960) is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, nominated by President Barack Obama in May 10, 2010 and confirmed by the U.S. Senate on August 5, 2010.
Eliezer "Elie" Wiesel (’Ēlí‘ézer Vízēl; September 30, 1928 – July 2, 2016) was a Romanian-born American Jewish writer, professor, political activist, Nobel Laureate, and Holocaust survivor.
Elliott Management Corporation is an American investment management firm.
Emory University is a private research university in the Druid Hills neighborhood of the city of Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
The Episcopal Church is the United States-based member church of the worldwide Anglican Communion.
Eric Ivan Cantor (born June 6, 1963) is an American politician, lawyer, and banker, who served as the United States representative for Virginia's 7th congressional district from 2001 until 2014.
Essex County is a county in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Massachusetts.
Essex County is a county in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of New Jersey.
An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.
An ethnoreligious group (or ethno-religious group) is an ethnic group whose members are also unified by a common religious background.
Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.
An election exit poll is a poll of voters taken immediately after they have exited the polling stations.
Nazi Germany built extermination camps (also called death camps or killing centers) during the Holocaust in World War II, to systematically kill millions of Jews, Slavs, Communists, and others whom the Nazis considered "Untermenschen" ("subhumans").
Fairfax County, officially the County of Fairfax, is a predominantly suburban county — with urban and rural pockets — in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Fairfax, colloquially known as Central Fairfax, Downtown Fairfax, or Fairfax City, and officially named the City of Fairfax, is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Fairfield County is the most populous and the most affluent county in the U.S. state of Connecticut.
Falls Church is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
A family business is a commercial organization in which decision-making is influenced by multiple generations of a family — related by blood or marriage or adoption — who has both the ability to influence the vision of the business and the willingness to use this ability to pursue distinctive goals.
The Federal Reserve System (also known as the Federal Reserve or simply the Fed) is the central banking system of the United States of America.
Felix George Rohatyn (born May 29, 1928) is an American investment banker.
Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.
A financial asset is a non-physical asset whose value is derived from a contractual claim, such as bank deposits, bonds, and stocks.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
Florida International University (FIU) is a metropolitan public research university in Greater Miami, Florida.
Forest Hills is a mostly residential neighborhood in the borough of Queens in New York City.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Fulton County is a county in the north-central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia.
Gabrielle Dee "Gabby" Giffords (born June 8, 1970) is an American politician from Arizona and a gun control advocate.
Galicia (Ukrainian and Галичина, Halyčyna; Galicja; Czech and Halič; Galizien; Galícia/Kaliz/Gácsország/Halics; Galiția/Halici; Галиция, Galicija; גאַליציע Galitsiye) is a historical and geographic region in Central Europe once a small Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia and later a crown land of Austria-Hungary, the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, that straddled the modern-day border between Poland and Ukraine.
Gallup, Inc. is an American research-based, global performance-management consulting company.
Garry Emmanuel Shandling (November 29, 1949 – March 24, 2016) was an American stand-up comedian, actor, director, writer, and producer.
The Gaza Strip (The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p.761 "Gaza Strip /'gɑːzə/ a strip of territory under the control of the Palestinian National Authority and Hamas, on the SE Mediterranean coast including the town of Gaza...". قطاع غزة), or simply Gaza, is a self-governing Palestinian territory on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, that borders Egypt on the southwest for and Israel on the east and north along a border.
Geauga County is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio.
The General Jewish Labour Bund in Lithuania, Poland and Russia (אַלגעמײַנער ײדישער אַרבעטער בּונד אין ליטע פוילין און רוסלאַנד, Algemeyner Yidisher Arbeter Bund in Litah, Poyln un Rusland), generally called The Bund (בונד, cognate to Bund, meaning federation or union) or the Jewish Labour Bund, was a secular Jewish socialist party in the Russian Empire, active between 1897 and 1920.
George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993.
George Stanley McGovern (July 19, 1922 – October 21, 2012) was an American historian, author, U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator, and the Democratic Party presidential nominee in the 1972 presidential election.
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.
Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr. (born Leslie Lynch King Jr; July 14, 1913 – December 26, 2006) was an American politician who served as the 38th President of the United States from August 1974 to January 1977.
German-occupied Europe refers to the sovereign countries of Europe which were occupied by the military forces of Nazi Germany at various times between 1939 and 1945 and administered by the Nazi regime.
Man GLG (formerly GLG Partners) is a discretionary investment manager and a wholly owned subsidiary of British alternative investment manager Man Group plc.
Goldie Jeanne Hawn (born November 21, 1945) is an American actress, producer, and occasional singer.
The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. is an American multinational investment bank and financial services company headquartered in New York City.
Great Neck is a region on Long Island, New York, that covers a peninsula on the North Shore of Long Island, which includes 9 villages, including the villages of Great Neck, Great Neck Estates, Great Neck Plaza, a number of unincorporated areas, as well as an area south of the peninsula near Lake Success and the border territory of Queens.
Greater Boston is the metropolitan region of New England encompassing the municipality of Boston, the capital of the U.S. state of Massachusetts, and the most populous city in New England, as well as its surrounding areas.
Greater Los Angeles is the second-largest urban region in the United States, encompassing five counties in southern California, extending from Ventura County in the west to San Bernardino County and Riverside County on the east, with Los Angeles County in the center and Orange County to the southeast.
Gush Dan (גּוּשׁ דָּן; غوش دان) is a conurbation, including areas from both the Tel Aviv and the Central Districts of Israel, or sometimes the whole of Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area (מֶטְרוֹפּוֹלִין תֵּל אָבִיב), which in current official designations includes a small part of the Southern District (Israel) as well.
Haaretz (הארץ) (lit. "The Land ", originally Ḥadashot Ha'aretz – חדשות הארץ, – "News of the Land ") is an Israeli newspaper.
Halakha (הֲלָכָה,; also transliterated as halacha, halakhah, halachah or halocho) is the collective body of Jewish religious laws derived from the Written and Oral Torah.
Hamilton County is a county in the southwest corner of the U.S. state of Ohio.
Hampden County is a non-governmental county located in the Pioneer Valley of the state of Massachusetts, in the United States.
Hanukkah (חֲנֻכָּה, Tiberian:, usually spelled rtl, pronounced in Modern Hebrew, or in Yiddish; a transliteration also romanized as Chanukah or Ḥanukah) is a Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Holy Temple (the Second Temple) in Jerusalem at the time of the Maccabean Revolt against the Seleucid Empire.
Haredi Judaism (חֲרֵדִי,; also spelled Charedi, plural Haredim or Charedim) is a broad spectrum of groups within Orthodox Judaism, all characterized by a rejection of modern secular culture.
Harold Tafler Shapiro, (born June 8, 1935) is a former president of Princeton University and of the University of Michigan.
Harris Insights & Analytics, headquartered in Rochester, New York, is a market research firm, known for "The Harris Poll".
Harry Tuchman Levin (July 18, 1912 – May 29, 1994) was an American literary critic and scholar of modernism and comparative literature.
Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was an American statesman who served as the 33rd President of the United States (1945–1953), taking office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Hartford County is a county located in the north central part of the U.S. state of Connecticut.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Hasia Diner is an American historian.
Hasidism, sometimes Hasidic Judaism (hasidut,; originally, "piety"), is a Jewish religious group.
Hennepin County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota.
Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (born October 26, 1947) is an American politician and diplomat who served as the First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001, U.S. Senator from New York from 2001 to 2009, 67th United States Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013, and the Democratic Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 2016 election.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Hinduism is a minority religion in the United States; American Hindus in 2014 accounted for an estimated 0.7% of the total US population.
Hispanic Americans and Latino Americans (Estadounidenses hispanos) are people in the United States who are descendants of people from countries of Latin America and Spain.
Few Jews arrived in Baltimore, Maryland, in its early years.
The history of Jews in Charleston, South Carolina, was related to the 1669 charter of the Carolina Colony (the Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina), drawn up by the 1st Earl of Shaftesbury and his secretary John Locke, which granted liberty of conscience to all settlers, and expressly noted "Jews, heathens, and dissenters." Sephardic Jews from London were among the early settlers in the city and colony, and comprised most of its Jewish community into the early 1800s.
Jewish settlers founded the Ashkenazi Jewish community in the Early (5th to 10th centuries CE) and High Middle Ages (circa 1000–1299 CE).
The history of the Jews in Romania concerns the Jews both of Romania and of Romanian origins, from their first mention on what is present-day Romanian territory.
Jews in the Russian Empire have historically constituted a large religious diaspora; the vast territories of the Russian Empire at one time hosted the largest population of Jews in the world.
The history of the Jews in Turkey (Türkiye Yahudileri, Turkish Jews; יהודים טורקים Yehudim Turkim, Djudios Turkos) covers the 2,400 years that Jews have lived in what is now Turkey.
Horace Meyer Kallen (August 11, 1882 – February 16, 1974) was an American philosopher.
Howard County is a county in the central part of the U.S. state of Maryland.
Hubert Horatio Humphrey Jr. (May 27, 1911January 13, 1978) was an American politician who served as the 38th Vice President of the United States from 1965 to 1969.
Idiolect is an individual's distinctive and unique use of language, including speech.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
The Immigration Act of 1924, or Johnson–Reed Act, including the National Origins Act, and Asian Exclusion Act, was a United States federal law that set quotas on the number of immigrants from certain countries while providing funding and an enforcement mechanism to carry out the longstanding (but hitherto unenforced) ban on other non-white immigrants.
In the United States, an independent city is a city that is not in the territory of any county or counties with exceptions noted below.
Indiana University Bloomington (abbreviated "IU Bloomington" and colloquially referred to as "IU" or simply "Indiana") is a public research university in Bloomington, Indiana, United States.
Indiana University Press, also known as IU Press, is an academic publisher founded in 1950 at Indiana University that specializes in the humanities and social sciences.
The Institute for the Study of Secularism in Society and Culture (ISSSC) is located at Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut.
Interfaith marriage, traditionally called "mixed marriage", is marriage between spouses professing different religions.
Internal improvements is the term used historically in the United States for public works from the end of the American Revolution through much of the 19th century, mainly for the creation of a transportation infrastructure: roads, turnpikes, canals, harbors and navigation improvements.
The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, and Gulf War II.
Irving Berlin (born Israel Beilin (Израиль Моисеевич Бейлин) Ministry of Culture, Russian Federation – September 22, 1989) was an American composer and lyricist, widely considered one of the greatest songwriters in American history.
Irwin Silber (October 17, 1925 – September 8, 2010) was an American Socialist, editor, publisher, and political activist.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
The Israel lobby (at times called the Zionist lobby) is the diverse coalition of those who, as individuals and/or as groups, seek to influence the foreign policy of the United States in support of Israel or the policies of the government of Israel.
The Israel Medical Association Journal is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal published by the Israel Medical Association.
The Israel Policy Forum is a New York, NY based American Jewish organization that works for a negotiated two state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict though advocacy, education and policy research.
Israeli Americans (אָמֵרִיקאים יִשׂרָאֵלים lit. Ameriqaim Yisra'elim) are Americans who have Israeli citizenship either by descent or naturalization.
The Israelites (בני ישראל Bnei Yisra'el) were a confederation of Iron Age Semitic-speaking tribes of the ancient Near East, who inhabited a part of Canaan during the tribal and monarchic periods.
Italian Jews (Ebrei italiani, יהודים איטלקים Yehudim Italkim) can be used in a broad sense to mean all Jews living or with roots in Italy, or, in a narrower sense, to mean the Italkim, an ancient community who use the Italian liturgy as distinct from the communities dating from medieval or modern times who use the Sephardic liturgy or the Nusach Ashkenaz.
The Ivy League is a collegiate athletic conference comprising sports teams from eight private universities in the Northeastern United States.
Julius Robert Oppenheimer (April 22, 1904 – February 18, 1967) was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley.
Jack Wertheimer is a Professor of American Jewish History at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, the flagship yeshiva of Conservative Judaism.
Jacob Rader Marcus (March 5, 1896 –14 November 1995) was a scholar of Jewish history and a Reform rabbi.
Jacob Henry Schiff (born Jakob Heinrich Schiff; January 10, 1847 – September 25, 1920) was a Jewish-American banker, businessman, and philanthropist.
James Middleton Cox (March 31, 1870 July 15, 1957) was the 46th and 48th Governor of Ohio, a U.S. Representative from Ohio, and the Democratic nominee for President of the United States in the election of 1920.
Jane Margaret Lakes Harman (born June 28, 1945) is the former U.S. Representative for, serving from 1993 to 1999, and from 2001 to 2011; she is a member of the Democratic Party.
Janet Louise Yellen (born August 13, 1946) is an American economist.
Jared Schutz Polis (born May 12, 1975) is an American politician, businessman, and philanthropist serving as the U.S. Representative for since 2009.
Jeffrey S. Gurock is Libby M. Klaperman Professor of Jewish History at Yeshiva University.
The Jewish Agency for Israel (הסוכנות היהודית לארץ ישראל, HaSochnut HaYehudit L'Eretz Yisra'el) is the largest Jewish nonprofit organization in the world.
Jewish anarchism is a general term encompassing various expressions of anarchism within the Jewish community.
Jewish assimilation (התבוללות, Hitbolelut) refers to the gradual cultural assimilation and social integration of Jews in their surrounding culture as well as the ideological program promoting conformity as a potential solution to historic Jewish marginalization in the age of emancipation.
Jewish atheism refers to the atheism of people who are ethnically and (at least to some extent) culturally Jewish.
Jewish Business News is an online newspaper published in English, which primarily covers stories relating to businesses owned, or managed, by Jewish business people around the world, as is implied by the paper’s nameplate.
Jewish culture is the culture of the Jewish people from the formation of the Jewish nation in biblical times through life in the diaspora and the modern state of Israel.
The Jewish diaspora (Hebrew: Tfutza, תְּפוּצָה) or exile (Hebrew: Galut, גָּלוּת; Yiddish: Golus) is the dispersion of Israelites, Judahites and later Jews out of their ancestral homeland (the Land of Israel) and their subsequent settlement in other parts of the globe.
Jewish education (חינוך, Chinukh) is the transmission of the tenets, principles and religious laws of Judaism.
Jewish ethnic divisions refers to a number of distinctive communities within the world's ethnically Jewish population.
The Jewish Institute for National Security of America (JINSA) is a Washington, D.C.-based pro-Israel non-profit think-tank.
Jewish religious movements, sometimes called "denominations" or "branches", include different groups which have developed among Jews from ancient times.
The Jewish Telegraphic Agency (JTA) is an international news agency and wire service serving Jewish community newspapers and media around the world, with about 70 syndication clients listed on its web site.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
James Earl Carter Jr. (born October 1, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981.
Joachim Prinz (May 10, 1902 – September 30, 1988) was a German-American rabbi who was outspoken against Nazism and became a Zionist leader.
Joseph Isadore Lieberman (born February 24, 1942) is an American politician and attorney who was a United States Senator for Connecticut from 1989 to 2013.
John Herbert Adler (August 23, 1959April 4, 2011) was an American politician who served as a U.S. Representative for from 2009 until 2011.
John Bayard Anderson (February 15, 1922 – December 3, 2017) was a United States Congressman and presidential candidate from Illinois.
The John Bates Clark Medal is awarded by the American Economic Association to "that American economist under the age of forty who is adjudged to have made a significant contribution to economic thought and knowledge".
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
John Halle Gutfreund (14 September 1929 – 9 March 2016) was an American banker, businessman and investor.
John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is an American politician who served as the 68th United States Secretary of State from 2013 to 2017.
John Sidney McCain III (born August 29, 1936) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Arizona, a seat he was first elected to in 1986.
John William Davis GBE (April 13, 1873 – March 24, 1955) was an American politician, diplomat and lawyer.
John Allan Yarmuth (born November 4, 1947) is an American politician and former newspaper editor serving as the U.S. Representative for since 2007.
Johnson County (county code JO) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas.
Jon Landau (born May 14, 1947) is an American music critic, manager, and record producer.
Jonathan D. Sarna (born 10 January 1955) is the Joseph H. and Belle R. Braun Professor of American Jewish History in the department of Near Eastern and Judaic Studies at Brandeis University in Waltham, Massachusetts and director of its Hornstein Jewish Professional Leadership Program.
Jordan Robert Farmar (born November 30, 1986) is an American professional basketball player who last played for the Sacramento Kings of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Joseph Seligman (November 22, 1819 – April 25, 1880) was an American banker and businessman.
Judah Philip Benjamin, QC (August 11, 1811 – May 6, 1884) was a lawyer and politician who was a United States Senator from Louisiana, a Cabinet officer of the Confederate States and, after his escape to the United Kingdom at the end of the American Civil War, an English barrister.
Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.
Judeo-Persian, or Jidi (also spelled Dzhidi or Djudi), refers to both a group of Jewish dialects spoken by the Jews living in Iran and Judeo-Persian texts (written in Hebrew alphabet).
Judith Rodin (born Judith Seitz; September 9, 1944) is a philanthropist with a long history in U.S. higher education.
Jules Semon Bache (November 9, 1861 – March 24, 1944) was an American banker, art collector and philanthropist.
Kashrut (also kashruth or kashrus) is a set of Jewish religious dietary laws.
Kate Garry Hudson (born April 19, 1979) is an American actress, author and businesswoman.
Kew Gardens is a neighborhood in the central area of the New York City borough of Queens.
Kiryas Joel (קרית יואל, Kiryas Yoyel,, often locally abbreviated as KJ) is a village within the town of Monroe in Orange County, New York, United States.
KKR & Co.
The labor history of the United States describes the history of organized labor, US labor law, and more general history of working people, in the United States.
Lake County is a county in the northeastern corner of the U.S. state of Illinois.
Lakewood Township is a township in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States.
A Landsmannschaft (Latin natio, plural nationes) is a German fraternity of several fraternity forms called Studentenverbindung.
The Law of Return (חֹוק הַשְׁבוּת, ḥok ha-shvūt) is an Israeli law, passed on 5 July 1950, which gives Jews the right to come and live in Israel and to gain Israeli citizenship.
Lawrence Henry Summers (born November 30, 1954) is an American economist, former Vice President of Development Economics and Chief Economist of the World Bank (1991–93),, Data & Research office, The World Bank, retrieved March 31, 2017, World Bank Live, The World Bank, retrieved March 31, 2017 Harvard Kennedy School, Harvard University, retrieved March 31, 2017 senior U.S. Treasury Department official throughout President Clinton's administration (ultimately Treasury Secretary, 1999–2001), U.S. Treasury Department, Last Updated: 11/20/2010, retrieved March 31, 2017 and former director of the National Economic Council for President Obama (2009–2010).
Lazard is a financial advisory and asset management firm that engages in investment banking, asset management, and other financial services primarily with institutional clients.
Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. (former NYSE ticker symbol LEH) was a global financial services firm.
Laws affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people vary greatly by country or territory; everything from the legal recognition of same-sex marriage to the death penalty as punishment for same-sex romantic/sexual activity or identity.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights in the United States of America vary by jurisdiction.
Lilakoi Moon (born and known professionally as Lisa Michelle Bonet, November 16, 1967) is an American actress.
The following is a list of Jewish political milestones in the United States.
Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, is the most populous county in the United States, with more than 10 million inhabitants as of 2017.
Louis Dembitz Brandeis (November 13, 1856 – October 5, 1941) was an American lawyer and associate justice on the Supreme Court of the United States from 1916 to 1939.
Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908January 22, 1973), often referred to by his initials LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after having served as the 37th Vice President of the United States from 1961 to 1963.
Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.
The Manhattan Project was a research and development undertaking during World War II that produced the first nuclear weapons.
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, the March on Washington, or The Great March on Washington, was held in Washington, D.C. on Wednesday, August 28, 1963.
Marcus Goldman (December 9, 1821 – July 20, 1904) was a German investment banker, businessman, and financier.
Marin County is a county located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California.
Marjorie Mazia Guthrie (October 6, 1917 – March 13, 1983) was a dancer of the Martha Graham Company, a dance teacher, and, for a time, the wife of folk musician Woody Guthrie.
Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
The Medal of Honor is the United States of America's highest and most prestigious personal military decoration that may be awarded to recognize U.S. military service members who distinguished themselves by acts of valor.
A medic is an umbrella term for a person involved in medicine.
Menachem Begin (Menaḥem Begin,; Menakhem Volfovich Begin; 16 August 1913 – 9 March 1992) was an Israeli politician, founder of Likud and the sixth Prime Minister of Israel.
Mercer County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey.
Merrick Brian Garland (born November 13, 1952) is the Chief United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.
Messianic Judaism is a modern syncretic religious movement that combines Christianity—most importantly, the belief that Jesus is the Messiah—with elements of Judaism and Jewish tradition, its current form emerging in the 1960s and 1970s.
A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metro area or commuter belt, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing.
The Miami metropolitan area, also known as the Greater Miami Area or South Florida, is the 73rd largest metropolitan area in the world and the eighth-largest metropolitan area in the United States.
Miami-Dade County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Florida.
Michael Farrand Bennet (born November 28, 1964) is an American businessman, lawyer and politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Colorado, a seat he has held since 2009.
Michael Stanley Dukakis (born November 3, 1933) is a retired American politician who served as the 65th Governor of Massachusetts, from 1975 to 1979 and again from 1983 to 1991.
Michigan State University (MSU) is a public research university in East Lansing, Michigan, United States.
Middlesex County is a county in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in the United States.
Middlesex County is a county located in north-central New Jersey, United States.
The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, or simply the Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2").
Milton Friedman (July 31, 1912 – November 16, 2006) was an American economist who received the 1976 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his research on consumption analysis, monetary history and theory, and the complexity of stabilization policy.
Milton Himmelfarb (October 21, 1918 – January 4, 2006) was an American sociographer of the American Jewish community.
Mitchell Geoffrey Bard is an American foreign policy analyst, editor and author who specializes in U.S.–Middle East policy.
Mizrahi Jews, Mizrahim (מִזְרָחִים), also referred to as Edot HaMizrach ("Communities of the East"; Mizrahi Hebrew), ("Sons of the East"), or Oriental Jews, are descendants of local Jewish communities in the Middle East from biblical times into the modern era.
Modern Orthodox Judaism (also Modern Orthodox or Modern Orthodoxy) is a movement within Orthodox Judaism that attempts to synthesize Jewish values and the observance of Jewish law, with the secular, modern world.
Moldova (or sometimes), officially the Republic of Moldova (Republica Moldova), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered by Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east, and south (by way of the disputed territory of Transnistria).
Moment is an independent magazine which focuses on the life of the American Jewish community.
Monmouth County is a county located in Central New Jersey, in the United States within the New York metropolitan area, and the northernmost county along the Jersey Shore.
Monroe County is a county in the western portion of the state of New York, in the United States.
Montgomery County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of Maryland, located adjacent to Washington, D.C. As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 971,777, increasing by 9.0% to an estimated 1,058,810 in 2017.
Montgomery County, locally also referred to as Montco, is the third-most populous county in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the 71st most populous in the United States.
Morris County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey, about west of New York City.
Morton A. Klein is a German-born American economist, statistician, and pro-Israeli activist.
Moses Asch (December 2, 1905 – October 19, 1986), often known as Moe Asch, was a Polish-American recording engineer and record executive.
Mountain Jews or Caucasus Jews also known as Juhuro, Juvuro, Juhuri, Juwuri, Juhurim, Kavkazi Jews or Gorsky Jews (Dağ Yəhudiləri, יהודי קווקז Yehudey Kavkaz or Yehudey he-Harim, translit) are Jews of the eastern and northern Caucasus, mainly Azerbaijan, Chechnya, Dagestan and Ingushetia.
Multnomah County is one of 36 counties in the U.S. state of Oregon.
Nantucket is an island about by ferry south from Cape Cod, in the U.S. state of Massachusetts.
Napa County is a county located north of San Pablo Bay in the northern portion of the U.S. state of California.
Nassau County or is a suburban county comprising much of western Long Island in the U.S. state of New York.
The National Basketball Association (NBA) is a men's professional basketball league in North America; composed of 30 teams (29 in the United States and 1 in Canada).
The National Jewish Population Survey (NJPS), most recently performed in 2000-01, is a representative survey of the Jewish population in the United States sponsored by United Jewish Communities and the Jewish Federation system.
The National Museum of American Jewish Military History (NMAJMH) was founded September 2, 1958, in Washington, D.C., to document and preserve "the contributions of Jewish Americans to the peace and freedom of the United States...
Nationality is a legal relationship between an individual person and a state.
The Navy Cross is the United States military's second-highest decoration awarded for valor in combat.
Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps (Konzentrationslager, KZ or KL) throughout the territories it controlled before and during the Second World War.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Nevada (see pronunciations) is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States of America.
The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms and regulations enacted in the United States 1933-36, in response to the Great Depression.
The New Deal coalition was the alignment of interest groups and voting blocs in the United States that supported the New Deal and voted for Democratic presidential candidates from 1932 until the late 1960s.
New Haven County is a county in the south central part of the U.S. state of Connecticut.
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.
New Square (ניו סקווער, שיכון סקווירא) is an all-Hasidic village in the town of Ramapo, Rockland County, New York, United States.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
The New York metropolitan area, also referred to as the Tri-State Area, is the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass, at 4,495 mi2 (11,642 km2).
New York University (NYU) is a private nonprofit research university based in New York City.
The Newport Folk Festival is an American annual folk-oriented music festival in Newport, Rhode Island, which began in July 1959 as a counterpart to the previously established Newport Jazz Festival.
Avram Noam Chomsky (born December 7, 1928) is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic and political activist.
Non-Hispanic whites or whites not of Hispanic or Latino origin (commonly referred to as Anglo-Americans)Mish, Frederic C., Editor in Chief Webster's Tenth New Collegiate Dictionary Springfield, Massachusetts, U.S.A.:1994--Merriam-Webster See original definition (definition #1) of Anglo in English: It is defined as a synonym for Anglo-American--Page 86 are European Americans who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin/ethnicity, as defined by the United States Census Bureau.
Norfolk County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts.
The Northeastern United States, also referred to as the American Northeast or simply the Northeast, is a geographical region of the United States bordered to the north by Canada, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Southern United States, and to the west by the Midwestern United States.
Northwestern University (NU) is a private research university based in Evanston, Illinois, United States, with other campuses located in Chicago and Doha, Qatar, and academic programs and facilities in Miami, Florida, Washington, D.C., and San Francisco, California.
A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).
Numerus clausus ("closed number" in Latin) is one of many methods used to limit the number of students who may study at a university.
Oakland County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan.
Ocean County is a county located along the Jersey Shore in the U.S. state of New Jersey.
Och-Ziff Capital Management Group (OZ Management) is an American hedge fund manager and global alternative asset management firm.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
Social clubs exist at Harvard College that are unrecognized by Harvard itself.
Open Orthodoxy is a form of Orthodox Judaism that emphasizes halakha (the collective body of Jewish law), intellectual openness, a spiritual dimension, a broad concern for all Jews, and a more expansive role for women.
Orange County is a county in the U.S. state of California.
Orange County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York.
Orthodox Judaism is a collective term for the traditionalist branches of Judaism, which seek to maximally maintain the received Jewish beliefs and observances and which coalesced in opposition to the various challenges of modernity and secularization.
Oscar Brand (February 7, 1920 – September 30, 2016) was a Canadian-born American folk singer-songwriter and author.
The Oslo Accords are a set of agreements between the Government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO): the Oslo I Accord, signed in Washington, D.C., in 1993; (DOP), 13 September 1993.
The Oslo I Accord or Oslo I, officially called the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements or short Declaration of Principles (DOP), was an attempt in 1993 to set up a framework that would lead to the resolution of the ongoing Israeli–Palestinian conflict.
Our Crowd: The Great Jewish Families of New York (1967) is a history book by American writer Stephen Birmingham.
Ozaukee County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin.
The Pale of Settlement (Черта́ осе́длости,, דער תּחום-המושבֿ,, תְּחוּם הַמּוֹשָב) was a western region of Imperial Russia with varying borders that existed from 1791 to 1917, in which permanent residency by Jews was allowed and beyond which Jewish permanent or temporary residency was mostly forbidden.
The Palestinian National Authority (PA or PNA; السلطة الوطنية الفلسطينية) is the interim self-government body established in 1994 following the Gaza–Jericho Agreement to govern the Gaza Strip and Areas A and B of the West Bank, as a consequence of the 1993 Oslo Accords.
Palm Beach County is a county in the state of Florida that is directly north of Broward County.
Party leaders and whips of the United States House of Representatives, also known as floor leaders, are elected by their respective parties in a closed-door caucus by secret ballot.
Passaic County is a county in the U.S. state of New Jersey that is part of the New York metropolitan area.
The Passover Seder (סֵדֶר 'order, arrangement'; סדר seyder) is a Jewish ritual feast that marks the beginning of the Jewish holiday of Passover.
Paul William Hodes (born March 21, 1951) is an American attorney, musician, and former U.S. Representative for, serving from 2007 until 2011.
Paul Anthony Samuelson (15 May 1915 – 13 December 2009) was an American economist and the first American to win the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.
Paul Moritz Warburg (August 10, 1868 – January 24, 1932) was an American banker born in Germany, and an early advocate of the U.S. Federal Reserve System.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
The Pennsylvania State University (commonly referred to as Penn State or PSU) is a state-related, land-grant, doctoral university with campuses and facilities throughout Pennsylvania.
Permanent residency refers to a person's resident status in a country of which they are not a citizen.
Persian Jews or Iranian Jews (جهودان ایرانی, יהודים פרסים) are Jews historically associated with the Persian Empire, whose successor state is Iran.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
Peter Novick (July 26, 1934, Jersey City – February 17, 2012, Chicago) was an American historian, and Professor of History at the University of Chicago.
Peter, Paul and Mary was an American folk group formed in New York City in 1961, during the American folk music revival phenomenon.
The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American fact tank based in Washington, D.C. It provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
Philadelphia County is the most populous county in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. As of 2017, Philadelphia County was home to an estimated population of 1,580,863 residents. The county is the second smallest county in Pennsylvania by land area. Philadelphia County is one of the three original counties, along with Chester and Bucks counties, created by William Penn during November 1682. Since 1854, the county has been coterminous with the City of Philadelphia, which also serves as its seat of government. Philadelphia County is part of the Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD (Combined Statistical Area, known as the Delaware Valley, located along the lower Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, within the Northeast megalopolis. Philadelphia County is the economic and cultural anchor of the Delaware Valley, the eighth-largest combined statistical area in the United States, with a population of 7.2 million.
Philip Lehman (November 9, 1861 – March 21, 1947) was an American investment banker.
The Phoenix Metropolitan Area – often referred to as the Valley of the Sun, the Salt River Valley or Metro Phoenix – is a metropolitan area, centered on the city of Phoenix, that includes much of the central part of the U.S. State of Arizona.
A physicist is a scientist who has specialized knowledge in the field of physics, which encompasses the interactions of matter and energy at all length and time scales in the physical universe.
Pinellas County is a county located in the state of Florida.
Pitkin County is one of the 64 counties in the U.S. state of Colorado.
The Plantation Act 1740 (referring to colonies) or the Naturalization Act 1740 are common namesMichael Lemay, Elliott Robert Barkan,, pp 6-9. (1999) Retrieved 2014-03-29 used for an act of the British Parliament (13 Geo.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
Postgraduate education, or graduate education in North America, involves learning and studying for academic or professional degrees, academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or bachelor's degree generally is required, and it is normally considered to be part of higher education.
Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey.
A profession is a vocation founded upon specialized educational training, the purpose of which is to supply disinterested objective counsel and service to others, for a direct and definite compensation, wholly apart from expectation of other business gain.
The United States Progressive Party of 1948 was a left-wing political party that served as a vehicle for former Vice President Henry A. Wallace's 1948 presidential campaign.
Providence is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Rhode Island and is one of the oldest cities in the United States.
Puerto Ricans (Puertorriqueños; or boricuas) are people from Puerto Rico, the inhabitants and citizens of Puerto Rico, and their descendants.
Putnam County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York.
Quality of life (QOL) is the general well-being of individuals and societies, outlining negative and positive features of life.
Queens is the easternmost and largest in area of the five boroughs of New York City.
Queens College (QC) is one of the four-year colleges in the City University of New York system.
The United States of America has a racially and ethnically diverse population.
Rahm Israel Emanuel (born November 29, 1959) is an American politician, who is the 44th and current mayor of Chicago.
Rashida Leah Jones (born February 25, 1976) is an American actress.
Reconstructionist Judaism is a modern Jewish movement that views Judaism as a progressively evolving civilization and is based on the conceptions developed by Mordecai Kaplan (1881–1983).
Reform Judaism (also known as Liberal Judaism or Progressive Judaism) is a major Jewish denomination that emphasizes the evolving nature of the faith, the superiority of its ethical aspects to the ceremonial ones, and a belief in a continuous revelation not centered on the theophany at Mount Sinai.
Renaissance Technologies LLC is an East Setauket, New York-based American hedge fund firm founded in 1982 by James Simons, an award-winning mathematician and former Cold War code breaker, which specializes in systematic trading using quantitative models derived from mathematical and statistical analyses.
Repentance (תשובה, literally, "return", pronounced "tshuva" or "teshuva") is one element of atoning for sin in Judaism.
Revisionist Zionism is a faction within the Zionist movement.
Richard Blumenthal (born February 13, 1946) is an American attorney and politician who has served as a United States Senator from Connecticut since 2011.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
The Richmond District is a neighborhood in the northwest corner of San Francisco, California, developed initially in the late 19th century.
Richard Charles Levin (born April 7, 1947) is an economist and academic administrator.
Robert John Downey Jr. (born April 4, 1965) is an American actor and singer.
The Rockefeller Foundation is a private foundation based at 420 Fifth Avenue, New York City.
Rockland County is the southernmost county on the west side of the Hudson River in the U.S. state of New York, part of the New York–Newark–Jersey City, NY–NJ–PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The Romaniote Jews or Romaniots (Ῥωμανιῶτες, Rhōmaniṓtes; רומניוטים, Romanyotim) are an ethnic Jewish community with distinctive cultural features who have lived in the Eastern Mediterranean for more than 2,000 years and are the oldest Jewish community in the Levant.
Ronald Jay Klein (born July 10, 1957) is an American politician and lawyer who is a former member of the United States House of Representatives for.
Ronald Lee Wyden (born May 3, 1949) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator for Oregon since 1996.
Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
Henry Ross Perot (born June 27, 1930) is an American business magnate and former politician.
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, commonly referred to as Rutgers University, Rutgers, or RU, is an American public research university and is the largest institution of higher education in New Jersey.
Rutgers University Press is a nonprofit academic publishing house, operating in New Brunswick, New Jersey under the auspices of Rutgers University.
Ruth Bader Ginsburg (born Joan Ruth Bader; March 15, 1933) is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
SAC Capital Advisors was a group of hedge funds founded by Steven A. Cohen in 1992.
Salomon Brothers was an investment bank founded in 1910 by three Jewish-American brothers (Arthur, Herbert and Percy) along with a clerk named Ben Levy, it remained a partnership until the early 1980s, when it was acquired by the commodity trading firm Phibro Corporation and became Salomon Inc. Eventually, Salomon (NYSE:SB) was acquired by Travelers Group in 1998; and, following the latter's merger with Citicorp that same year, Salomon became part of Citigroup.
Samuel George Davis Jr. (December 8, 1925 – May 16, 1990) was an American singer, musician, dancer, actor and comedian.
San Diego County is a county in the southwestern corner of the state of California, in the United States.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
The San Francisco Bay Area (popularly referred to as the Bay Area) is a populous region surrounding the San Francisco, San Pablo and Suisun estuaries in the northern part of the U.S. state of California.
San Mateo County (Spanish for "Saint Matthew") is a county located in the U.S. state of California.
Sanford I. "Sandy" Weill (born March 16, 1933) is an American banker, financier and philanthropist.
Santa Clara County, officially the County of Santa Clara, is California's 6th most populous county, with a population was 1,781,642, as of the 2010 census.
Santa Cruz County, California, officially the County of Santa Cruz, is a county on the Pacific coast of the U.S. state of California.
Santa Fe County (Holy faith) is a county in the U.S. state of New Mexico.
Sarah Blacher Cohen (June 11, 1936 in Appleton, Wisconsin, – November 10, 2008 in Albany, New York) was a writer, scholar, and playwright, and a professor at SUNY Albany for 30 years.
Sarah Louise Palin (née Heath; born February 11, 1964) is an American politician, commentator, author, and reality television personality, who served as the ninth Governor of Alaska from 2006 until her resignation in 2009.
Sarasota County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida.
Saul Bellow (born Solomon Bellows; 10 June 1915 – 5 April 2005) was a Canadian-American writer.
Schenectady County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York.
Seminole County is a county in the state of Florida.
Sephardi Jews, also known as Sephardic Jews or Sephardim (סְפָרַדִּים, Modern Hebrew: Sefaraddim, Tiberian: Səp̄āraddîm; also Ye'hude Sepharad, lit. "The Jews of Spain"), originally from Sepharad, Spain or the Iberian peninsula, are a Jewish ethnic division.
Shimon Peres (שמעון פרס,; born Szymon Perski; August 2, 1923 – September 28, 2016) was an Israeli politician who served as the ninth President of Israel (2007–2014), the Prime Minister of Israel (twice), and the Interim Prime Minister, in the 1970s to the 1990s.
A siddur (סדור; plural siddurim סדורים) is a Jewish prayer book, containing a set order of daily prayers.
The Silver Star Medal, unofficially the Silver Star, is the United States Armed Forces's third-highest personal decoration for valor in combat.
The Six-Day War (Hebrew: מלחמת ששת הימים, Milhemet Sheshet Ha Yamim; Arabic: النكسة, an-Naksah, "The Setback" or حرب ۱۹٦۷, Ḥarb 1967, "War of 1967"), also known as the June War, 1967 Arab–Israeli War, or Third Arab–Israeli War, was fought between 5 and 10 June 1967 by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt (known at the time as the United Arab Republic), Jordan, and Syria.
The Smithsonian Institution, established on August 10, 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge," is a group of museums and research centers administered by the Government of the United States.
Somerset County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey.
Sonoma County is a county in the U.S. state of California.
Soros Fund Management, LLC is a private American investment management firm.
Southern California (colloquially known as SoCal) is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises California's southernmost counties.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Spanish and Portuguese Jews, also called Western Sephardim, are a distinctive sub-group of Iberian Jews who are largely descended from Jews who lived as New Christians in the Iberian Peninsula during the immediate generations following the forced expulsion of unconverted Jews from Spain in 1492 and from Portugal in 1497.
Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.
Staten Island is the southernmost and westernmost of the five boroughs of New York City in the U.S. state of New York.
Stephen Gardner Birmingham (May 28, 1929 – November 15, 2015) was an American author known for his social histories of wealthy American families, often focusing on ethnicity — Jews (his "Jewish trilogy": Our Crowd, The Grandees, The Rest of Us), African-Americans (Certain People), Irish (Real Lace), and the Anglo-Dutch (America's Secret Aristocracy).
Stephen Gerald Breyer (born August 15, 1938) is an American lawyer, professor, and jurist who serves as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
Stephen Ira Cohen (born May 24, 1949) is the U.S. Representative for, serving since 2007.
Steven Leslie "Steve" Kagen (born December 12, 1949) is an American politician and physician who was the U.S. Representative for from 2007 to 2011.
Steven Frederic Seagal (born April 10, 1952) is an American actor, film producer, screenwriter, director, martial artist and musician.
Suffolk County is a county in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in the United States.
Suffolk County is a suburban county on Long Island and the easternmost county in the U.S. state of New York.
Sullivan County is a county in the U.S. state of New York.
Sunny Isles Beach (SIB, officially City of Sunny Isles Beach) is a city located on a barrier island in northeast Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
Sussex County is the northernmost county in the State of New Jersey.
Syracuse University (commonly referred to as Syracuse, 'Cuse, or SU) is a private research university in Syracuse, New York, United States.
Tammany Hall, also known as the Society of St.
The Tanakh (or; also Tenakh, Tenak, Tanach), also called the Mikra or Hebrew Bible, is the canonical collection of Jewish texts, which is also a textual source for the Christian Old Testament.
Taylor Mays (born February 7, 1988) is an American football safety who is currently playing for the Saskatchewan Roughriders of the Canadian Football League.
The American is an online magazine published by the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), a conservative think tank in Washington, D.C. The magazine's primary focus is the intersection of economics and politics.
The Asch Recordings, recorded in 1944 and 1945, are possibly the most famous recordings of US folk musician Woody Guthrie.
The Blackstone Group L.P. is an American multinational private equity, alternative asset management and financial services firm based in New York City.
The Bronx is the northernmost of the five boroughs of New York City, in the U.S. state of New York.
The Carlyle Group is an American multinational private equity, alternative asset management and financial services corporation.
The Chronicle of Philanthropy is a magazine that covers the nonprofit world.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Forward (Forverts), formerly known as The Jewish Daily Forward, is an American magazine published monthly in New York City for a Jewish-American audience.
The Gazette is the official newspaper of Memorial University of Newfoundland, located in St. John's, Newfoundland.
The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered approximately 6 million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945.
The Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives, founded in 1947, is committed to preserving a documentary heritage of the religious, organizational, economic, cultural, personal, social and family life of American Jewry.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
The Weavers were an American folk music quartet based in the Greenwich Village area of New York City.
The Thirteen Colonies were a group of British colonies on the east coast of North America founded in the 17th and 18th centuries that declared independence in 1776 and formed the United States of America.
"This Land Is Your Land" is one of the United States' most famous folk songs.
Thomas Loren Friedman (born July 20, 1953) is an American journalist and author.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
This is a timeline of women rabbis in the United States.
To the Golden Cities: Pursuing the American Jewish Dream in Miami and L.A. is an April 1994 book written by Deborah Dash Moore and published by The Free Press.
TPG Capital (abbrev. for Texas Pacific Group) is an American investment company.
Tulane University is a private, nonsectarian research university in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.
"Tzena, Tzena, Tzena" is a song, originally written in 1941, in Hebrew by (a.k.a. Stefan Michrovsky), a Polish emigrant to what was then the British Mandate of Palestine (now Israel), and (Yechiel Chagiz).
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
Ulster County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York.
Union County is a county in the U.S. state of New Jersey.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America.
The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.
The United States presidential election of 2000 was the 54th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2008 was the 56th quadrennial presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 2012 was the 57th quadrennial American presidential election.
The Secretary of War was a member of the United States President's Cabinet, beginning with George Washington's administration.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
The State University of New York at Albany, also known as University at Albany, SUNY Albany or UAlbany, is a public research university with campuses in Albany, Guilderland, and Rensselaer, New York, United States.
The University of Central Florida, or UCF, is an American public state university in Orlando, Florida.
The University of Florida (commonly referred to as Florida or UF) is an American public land-grant, sea-grant, and space-grant research university on a campus in Gainesville, Florida.
The University of Maryland, College Park (commonly referred to as the University of Maryland, UMD, or simply Maryland) is a public research university located in the city of College Park in Prince George's County, Maryland, approximately from the northeast border of Washington, D.C. Founded in 1856, the university is the flagship institution of the University System of Maryland.
The University of Miami (informally referred to as UM, U of M, or The U) is a private, nonsectarian research university in Coral Gables, Florida, United States.
The University of Michigan (UM, U-M, U of M, or UMich), often simply referred to as Michigan, is a public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
The University of Pennsylvania (commonly known as Penn or UPenn) is a private Ivy League research university located in University City section of West Philadelphia.
The University of Wisconsin–Madison (also known as University of Wisconsin, Wisconsin, UW, or regionally as UW–Madison, or simply Madison) is a public research university in Madison, Wisconsin, United States.
Ventura County is a county in the southern part of the U.S. state of California.
Walter Frederick "Fritz" Mondale (born January 5, 1928) is an American politician, diplomat, and lawyer who served as the 42nd Vice President of the United States from 1977 to 1981, and as a United States Senator from Minnesota (1964–76).
Warburg Pincus, LLC is an American private equity firm with offices in the United States, Europe, Brazil, China and India.
Warren Gamaliel Harding (November 2, 1865 – August 2, 1923) was an American politician who served as the 29th President of the United States from 1921 until his death in 1923.
Washington University in St.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
The West Bank (الضفة الغربية; הגדה המערבית, HaGadah HaMa'aravit) is a landlocked territory near the Mediterranean coast of Western Asia, the bulk of it now under Israeli control, or else under joint Israeli-Palestinian Authority control.
Westchester County is a county in the U.S. state of New York.
White Americans are Americans who are descendants from any of the white racial groups of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, or in census statistics, those who self-report as white based on having majority-white ancestry.
In many countries (such as Australia, Canada, France, New Zealand, United Kingdom, and United States), a white-collar worker is a person who performs professional, managerial, or administrative work.
"Who is a Jew?" (מיהו יהודי) is a basic question about Jewish identity and considerations of Jewish self-identification.
William Samuel Paley (September 28, 1901 – October 26, 1990) was the chief executive who built the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) from a small radio network into one of the foremost radio and television network operations in the United States.
Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was an American statesman and academic who served as the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921.
Woodrow Wilson Guthrie (July 14, 1912 – October 3, 1967) was an American singer-songwriter, one of the most significant figures in American folk music; his songs, including social justice songs, such as "This Land Is Your Land", have inspired several generations both politically and musically.
The World Jewish Congress (WJC) was founded in Geneva, Switzerland, in August 1936 as an international federation of Jewish communities and organizations.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
For the hardcore punk band of the same name, see: Yaphet Kotto (band) Yaphet Frederick Kotto (born November 15, 1939) is an American actor, known for numerous film roles, as well as starring in the NBC television series Homicide: Life on the Street (1993–99) as Lieutenant Al Giardello.
Yerida (ירידה yerida, "descent") is a Hebrew term referring to emigration by Israeli Jews from the State of Israel (or in religious texts, Land of Israel).
Yeshiva University is a private, non-profit research university located in New York City, United States, with four campuses in New York City.
Yiddish (ייִדיש, יידיש or אידיש, yidish/idish, "Jewish",; in older sources ייִדיש-טײַטש Yidish-Taitsh, Judaeo-German) is the historical language of the Ashkenazi Jews.
Yinglish words (also referred to colloquially as Hebronics) are neologisms created by speakers of Yiddish in English-speaking countries, sometimes to describe things that were uncommon in the old country.
Yitzhak Rabin (יצחק רבין,; 1 March 1922 – 4 November 1995) was an Israeli politician, statesman and general.
Ynet (Hebrew: וואינט) is an Israeli news and general content website, which is the online outlet for Yedioth Ahronot.
Zionism (צִיּוֹנוּת Tsiyyonut after Zion) is the national movement of the Jewish people that supports the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in the territory defined as the historic Land of Israel (roughly corresponding to Canaan, the Holy Land, or the region of Palestine).
The Zionist Organization of America (ZOA), founded in 1897, was the first official Zionist organization in the United States, and, especially early in the 20th century, the primary representative of American Jews to the World Zionist Organization, espousing primarily Political Zionism.
The 1982 Lebanon War, dubbed Operation Peace for Galilee (מבצע שלום הגליל, or מבצע של"ג Mivtsa Shlom HaGalil or Mivtsa Sheleg) by the Israeli government, later known in Israel as the Lebanon War or the First Lebanon War (מלחמת לבנון הראשונה, Milhemet Levanon Harishona), and known in Lebanon as "the invasion" (الاجتياح, Al-ijtiyāḥ), began on 6 June 1982, when the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) invaded southern Lebanon, after repeated attacks and counter-attacks between the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) operating in southern Lebanon and the IDF that had caused civilian casualties on both sides of the border.
American Jew, American Jewish, American Jewish Buddhists, American Jewish community, American-Jewish, Jewish American, Jewish-American, Jewish-Americans, Jewllywood, Jews and Hollywood, Jews and Judaism in America, Jews and Judaism in the United States, Jews in America, Jews in Hollywood, Jews in the US, Jews in the United States, Jews of USA, Judaism in America, Judaism in the United States, Political views of American Jews, US Jews.