848 relations: A1 autoroute, A16 autoroute, A29 autoroute, Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2 TGV, Abbeville, Abbey of Saint-Acheul, Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, Académie française, Académie Goncourt, Academic ranks in France, AccorHotels Arena, Acheulean, Aerial archaeology, Agricultural engineering, Aisne, Alain Bombard, Alain Gest, Albert – Picardie Airport, Albert Dauphin, Albert, Somme, Albin de la Simone, Alexandra Lamy, Alfred Dreyfus, Alfred Letourneur, Alfred Manessier, Alfred-Georges Regner, Allonville, Almond paste, Alphonse Métérié, Alphonse Sagebien, Amélie Cocheteux, Ambiani, American football, Amiens AC, Amiens – Glisy Aerodrome, Amiens Cathedral, Amiens SC, Amiens Spartiates, Amiens–Rouen railway, Anatomy, Ancient Diocese of Lisieux, Ancient history, André Crépin, André Malraux, Anne Brochet, Ansgar, Anthony van Dyck, Antoine de Cousu, Antoine-Augustin Parmentier, Archaeology, ..., Ariel (detergent), Arlette (film), Arman, Armistice of 11 November 1918, Arras, 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French law on the Separation of the Churches and the State, 1932 Tour de France, 1948 Summer Olympics, 1962 Tour de France, 1964 Tour de France, 1967 Tour de France, 1970 Tour de France, 1971 Tour de France, 1975 Tour de France, 1979 Tour de France, 1993 Tour de France, 1999 Tour de France, 20 kilometres race walk, 20 minutes (France), 2004 Tour de France, 2006 Men's World Ice Hockey Championships, 2009 World Judo Championships, 2011 European Judo Championships, 2013 European Judo Championships, 2013 FIFA U-20 World Cup, 2014 European Judo Championships, 2015 Tour de France, 50 kilometres race walk, 8th Infantry Division (France). 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The A1 Autoroute, also known as l'autoroute du Nord (the Northern Motorway), is the busiest of France's autoroutes.
The A16 autoroute – also known as L'Européenne and forming between Abbeville and Dunkirk a part of the larger Autoroute des estuaires – is a motorway in northern France.
The A 29 is a motorway in Normandy and Picardy, northwestern and northern France.
Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2 TGV is a major passenger railway station in Tremblay-en-France, France.
Abbeville is a commune in the Somme department and in Hauts-de-France region in northern France.
The Abbey of Saint-Acheul (Abbaye de Saint-Acheul) was a monastery of Canons Regular in the Saint-Acheul district of Amiens, France.
The Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres is a French learned society devoted to the humanities, founded in February 1663 as one of the five academies of the Institut de France.
The Académie française is the pre-eminent French council for matters pertaining to the French language.
The Société littéraire des Goncourt (Goncourt Literary Society), usually called the académie Goncourt (Goncourt Academy), is a French literary organization based in Paris.
The following summarizes basic academic ranks in the French higher education system.
AccorHotels Arena (originally known as Palais Omnisports de Paris-Bercy and formerly known as Bercy Arena) is an indoor sports arena and concert hall, that is located on boulevard de Bercy, in the 12th arrondissement of Paris, France.
Acheulean (also Acheulian and Mode II), from the French acheuléen, is an archaeological industry of stone tool manufacture characterized by distinctive oval and pear-shaped "hand-axes" associated with Homo erectus and derived species such as Homo heidelbergensis.
Aerial archaeology is the study of archaeological remains by examining them from altitude.
Agricultural Engineering is the engineering discipline that studies agricultural production and processing.
Aisne is a French department in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France.
Alain Bombard (27 October 1924 – 19 July 2005) was a French biologist, physician and politician famous for sailing across the Atlantic Ocean in a small boat.
Alain Gest (born 27 December 1950 in Amiens, Somme) is a French politician.
Albert – Picardie Airport (Aéroport d'Albert - Picardie), sometimes referred to as Albert – Picardy Airport, is an airport serving Albert, a commune of the Somme department in the Picardy (Picardie) region of northern France.
Albert Dauphin (26 August 1827 - 14 November 1898) was a French lawyer and politician.
Albert is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Albin de la Simone (born in Amiens, Picardy, France on 14 December 1970) is a French singer-songwriter.
Alexandra Lamy (born 14 October 1971) is a French actress.
Alfred Dreyfus (9 October 1859 – 12 July 1935) was a French Jewish artillery officer whose trial and conviction in 1894 on charges of treason became one of the most tense political dramas in modern French history with a wide echo in all Europe.
Alfred Letourneur (born 25 July 1907 in Amiens, France and died 4 January 1975 in New York City) was a French professional cyclist.
Alfred Manessier (5 December 1911, Saint-Ouen - 1 August 1993, Orléans) was a non-figurative French painter, stained glass artist, and tapestry designer, part of the new Paris School and the Salon de Mai.
Alfred-Georges Regner (22 February 1902 in Amiens – 20 September 1987 in Bayeux), was a French surrealist painter and engraver.
Allonville is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Almond paste is made from ground almonds or almond meal and sugar in equal quantities, with small amounts of cooking oil, beaten eggs, heavy cream or corn syrup added as a binder.
Alphonse Métérié (17 September 1887 – 30 April 1967) was a 20th-century French poet who was awarded twice a prize by the Académie française; the in 1951 and the in 1957 for all his work.
Alphonse Eléonor Sagebien (1807-1892) was a French hydrological engineer born in Amiens and the inventor of the Sagebien wheel - a device that made hydraulically powered systems much more efficient in extracting energy from moving water.
Amélie Cocheteux (born 27 March 1978, in Amiens, France) is a former professional tennis player from France.
The Ambiani were a Belgic people of Celtic language, who were said to be able to muster 10,000 armed men, in 57 BC, the year of Julius Caesar's Belgic campaign.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
Athlétic Club Amiens is a French association football club founded in 1977.
Amiens – Glisy Aerodrome (Aérodrome d'Amiens - Glisy) is an airport serving Amiens, the capital city of the Somme department of the Picardy (Picardie) region in France.
The Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Amiens (Basilique Cathédrale Notre-Dame d'Amiens), or simply Amiens Cathedral, is a Roman Catholic church.
Amiens Sporting Club (commonly referred to as Amiens SC or simply Amiens) is a French association football club based in the northern city of Amiens in the Hauts-de-France region.
The Amiens Spartiates are a French American football team based in Amiens.
The railway from Amiens to Rouen is a French 114-kilometre long railway line, that connects Amiens to Rouen.
Anatomy (Greek anatomē, “dissection”) is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.
The Diocese of Lisieux was a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in France, centered on Lisieux, in Calvados.
Ancient history is the aggregate of past events, "History" from the beginning of recorded human history and extending as far as the Early Middle Ages or the post-classical history.
André Crépin (born 8 December 1907, date of death unknown) was a French athlete.
André Malraux DSO (3 November 1901 – 23 November 1976) was a French novelist, art theorist and Minister of Cultural Affairs.
Anne Brochet (born 22 November 1966) is a French actress.
Saint Ansgar (8 September 801 – 3 February 865), also known as Anskar or Saint Anschar, was a Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen – a northern part of the Kingdom of the East Franks.
Sir Anthony van Dyck (many variant spellings; 22 March 1599 – 9 December 1641) was a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England, after enjoying great success in Italy and the Southern Netherlands.
Antoine de Cousu was a French cleric, Kapellmeister, composer and theorist, active in Picardy in the first half of the 17th century.
Antoine-Augustin Parmentier (Montdidier 12 August 1737 – 13 December 1813) is remembered as a vocal promoter of the potato as a food source for humans in France and throughout Europe.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
Ariel is a marketing line of laundry detergents made by Procter & Gamble.
Arlette is a 1997 French comedy-romance film directed by Claude Zidi.
Arman (November 17, 1928 – October 22, 2005) was a French-born American artist.
The Armistice of 11 November 1918 was the armistice that ended fighting on land, sea and air in World War I between the Allies and their last opponent, Germany.
Arras (Atrecht) is the capital (chef-lieu/préfecture) of the Pas-de-Calais department, which forms part of the region of Hauts-de-France; prior to the reorganization of 2014 it was located in Nord-Pas-de-Calais.
The arrondissement of Amiens is an arrondissement of France in the Somme department in the Hauts-de-France region.
Art Deco, sometimes referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I. Art Deco influenced the design of buildings, furniture, jewelry, fashion, cars, movie theatres, trains, ocean liners, and everyday objects such as radios and vacuum cleaners.
An art film is typically a serious, independent film, aimed at a niche market rather than a mass market audience.
Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts, that was most popular between 1890 and 1910.
As the crow flies, similar to in a beeline, is an idiom for the most direct path between two points.
The Asian elephant, or Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus), is the only living species of the genus Elephas and is distributed in Southeast Asia, from India and Nepal in the west to Borneo in the south.
Asterix or The Adventures of Asterix (Astérix or Astérix le Gaulois) is a series of French comics.
An astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who concentrates their studies on a specific question or field outside the scope of Earth.
Asymmetric digital subscriber line (ADSL) is a type of digital subscriber line (DSL) technology, a data communications technology that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines than a conventional voiceband modem can provide.
These are the official results of the Men's Javelin Throw event at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, Australia.
Aubigny is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Auguste Perret (12 February 1874 – 25 February 1954) was a French architect and a pioneer of the architectural use of reinforced concrete.
François Auguste René Rodin (12 November 1840 – 17 November 1917), known as Auguste Rodin, was a French sculptor.
Auguste Sérieyx (14 June 1865 – 19 February 1949) was a French music pedagogue, musicographer and composer.
Auxi-le-Château (Aussi-ch’Catiau) is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.
The Avre is a river in Picardie and is the principal tributary, from the left side, of the Somme.
The Ayrault government was the Government of France as headed by Jean-Marc Ayrault.
In heraldry, azure is the tincture with the colour blue, and belongs to the class of tinctures called "colours".
The École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts (ENSBA) is a fine arts grand school of PSL Research University in Paris, France.
Édouard Eugène Désiré Branly (23 October 1844 – 24 March 1940) was a French inventor, physicist and professor at the Institut Catholique de Paris.
Édouard Louis (born Eddy Bellegueule; October 30, 1992) is a French writer.
François Édouard Anatole Lucas (4 April 1842 – 3 October 1891) was a French mathematician.
Élodie Gossuin (born 15 December 1980) is a French beauty pageant titleholder, model, radio and television presenter, columnist and regional politician.
Éric Berger (born 13 June 1969) is a French actor.
Éric Carreel (born 28 June 1959 in Amiens), is a French engineer and serial entrepreneur.
Éric Chaulvet (born August 5, 1974 in Amiens, France) is a French basketball player who played 13 games for French Pro A league club Vichy during the 2002-2003 season.
Île-de-France ("Island of France"), also known as the région parisienne ("Parisian Region"), is one of the 18 regions of France and includes the city of Paris.
Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net.
Baia Mare (Nagybánya; Frauenbach; Бая-Маре; Rivulus Dominarum; באניע, Banya) is a municipality along the Săsar River, in northwestern Romania; it is the capital of Maramureș County.
Baie de Somme (Bay of the Somme or Somme Bay) is a large estuary in the Picardie région of France.
A bailiff (bailli) was the king’s administrative representative during the ancien régime in northern France, where the bailiff was responsible for the application of justice and control of the administration and local finances in his bailiwick (baillage).
The ballon au poing is a popular team sport in Picardy (France).
Balthasar Klossowski de Rola (February 29, 1908 – February 18, 2001), known as Balthus, was a Polish-French modern artist.
Bapaume is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France.
Barbara Pompili (born 1975) is a French politician.
The Barbizon school of painters were part of an art movement towards Realism in art, which arose in the context of the dominant Romantic Movement of the time.
A barrack or barracks is a building or group of buildings built to house soldiers.
Bastille Day is the common name given in English-speaking countries/lands to the French National Day, which is celebrated on the 14th of July each year.
The Battle of Amiens or Battle of Villers-Bretonneux was fought on 27 November 1870 during the Franco-Prussian War, ending in a Prussian victory.
The Battle of Amiens, also known as the Third Battle of Picardy (3ème Bataille de Picardie), was the opening phase of the Allied offensive which began on 8 August 1918, later known as the Hundred Days Offensive, that ultimately led to the end of the First World War.
Bécassine is a French comic strip and the name of its heroine, appearing for the first time in the first issue of La Semaine de Suzette on February 2, 1905.
Beauvais archaic English: Beawayes, Beeway, Boway, is a city and commune in northern France.
Beauvais–Tillé Airport (Aéroport de Beauvais-Tillé), branded as Paris-Beauvais Airport, is an international airport near the city of Beauvais in the commune of Tillé in France.
The Benelux Union (Benelux Unie; Union Benelux) is a politico-economic union of three neighbouring states in western Europe: Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
Benjamin Biolay (born 20 January 1973) is a French singer, songwriter, musician, actor and record producer.
Benoît Delépine (born 30 August 1958) is a French comedian and film director.
Benoît Magimel (born 11 May 1974) is a French actor.
Benoît Poelvoorde (born 22 September 1964) is a Belgian actor and comedian.
Bergen, historically Bjørgvin, is a city and municipality in Hordaland on the west coast of Norway.
Bernard Quennehen (31 May 1930 – January 2016) was a French professional road bicycle racer between 1952 and 1954.
Bernaville is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Bertangles is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
First, Reims 2013. Bertrand Moulinet (born 6 January 1987 in Toulouse) is a French racewalker.
Bibliography (from Greek βιβλίον biblion, "book" and -γραφία -graphia, "writing"), as a discipline, is traditionally the academic study of books as physical, cultural objects; in this sense, it is also known as bibliology (from Greek -λογία, -logia).
A bicycle-sharing system, public bicycle system, or bike-share scheme, is a service in which bicycles are made available for shared use to individuals on a short term basis for a price or free.
A bishop (English derivation from the New Testament of the Christian Bible Greek επίσκοπος, epískopos, "overseer", "guardian") is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight.
Blangy-Tronville is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Blason populaire is an umbrella genre in the field of folkloristics used to designate any item of any genre which makes use of stereotypes, usually, but not always, negative stereotypes, of a particular group.
In heraldry and heraldic vexillology, a blazon is a formal description of a coat of arms, flag or similar emblem, from which the reader can reconstruct the appropriate image.
Guided Light Transit (GLT, Transport sur Voie Réservée or TVR) is the name of guided bus technology and associated infrastructure designed and manufactured by Bombardier Transportation.
Bookselling is the commercial trading of books which is the retail and distribution end of the publishing process.
Boulevard theatre is a theatrical aesthetic which emerged from the boulevards of Paris's old city.
Boulogne-sur-Mer, often called Boulogne (Latin: Gesoriacum or Bononia, Boulonne-su-Mér, Bonen), is a coastal city in Northern France.
The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.
Bouygues Telecom is a French mobile phone, Internet service provider and IPTV company, part of the Bouygues group.
Boves is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Lille Braderie (French: Braderie de Lille) is a braderie, or annual street market/flea market, that takes place on the weekend of the first Sunday of September in Lille, France.
Bref. is a French television series created by Kyan Khojandi, cowritten by the latter and Bruno Muschio, and produced by Harry Tordjman for My Box Productions.
The City Municipality of Bremen (Stadtgemeinde Bremen) is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany, which belongs to the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (also called just "Bremen" for short), a federal state of Germany.
The Brevet de technicien supérieur (BTS) technician certificate is a national diploma of higher education in France, established in 1959.
Brian Henderson (born November 22, 1986) is a professional French ice hockey player who participated at the 2010 IIHF World Championship as a member of the France National men's ice hockey team.
Brighton and Hove is a city in East Sussex, in South East England.
Brigitte Fouré (born 13 August 1955 in Amiens) is a French university lecturer and former government minister, a member of the ''Nouveau Centre'' and of Société en mouvement ("Society on the move" ("Society on the Move") She is a lecturer in law at the University of Picardie Jules Verne. Daughter of a farmer, she studied law at Amiens and Paris. An activist for the UNI and then the CNI, she was elected regional councillor in 1986 and conseillère municipale ("Municipal Councillor") in 1989. With Gilles de Robien she had responsibility for education and youth work. She joined the Parti républicain ("Republican Party") in 1992, within the Union for French Democracy. She became Mayor of Amiens in 1992 and was appointed a minister in Jean-Pierre Raffarin's first government. In the French Regional Elections of 2004, she was elected on the right-wing ticket of Gilles de Robien. She resigned on 23 March 2007 to become second deputy mayor with responsibility for Local Democracy, Community Life, Prevention and Security. On 1 January 2008 she succeeded Jean-Louis Bourlanges as a Member of the European Parliament. Her mandate expired in June 2009.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
A bus lane or bus-only lane is a lane restricted to buses, often on certain days and times, and generally used to speed up public transport that would be otherwise held up by traffic congestion.
Bus rapid transit (BRT, BRTS, busway, transitway) is a bus-based public transport system designed to improve capacity and reliability relative to a conventional bus system.
Bussy-lès-Daours is a commune in the Somme département in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
A cabinet is a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers for storing miscellaneous items.
Cachy is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Originally, a café-théâtre was a small room in a café or a cabaret, or even the café or cabaret itself, where people would put on spectacles.
Cagny is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Calais (Calés; Kales) is a city and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture.
The California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) is a coastal eared seal native to western North America.
A call centre or call center is a centralised office used for receiving or transmitting a large volume of requests by telephone.
Caméra Café is a French-born concept of comedy television series exported around the world.
Cambrai (Kimbré; Kamerijk; historically in English Camerick and Camericke) is a commune in the Nord department and in the Hauts-de-France region of France on the Scheldt river, which is known locally as the Escaut river.
The Camino de Santiago (Also known as the Way of St. James) extends from different countries of Europe, and even North Africa, on its way to Santiago de Compostela and Finisterre.
Camon is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Canals, or navigations, are human-made channels, or artificial waterways, for water conveyance, or to service water transport vehicles.
The Canal de la Somme is a canal in northern France.
The Canal du Nord is a long canal in northern France.
Canoeing is an activity which involves paddling a canoe with a single-bladed paddle.
In biology, the canopy is the aboveground portion of a plant community or crop, formed by the collection of individual plant crowns.
The Canton of Amiens-1 is a canton situated in the department of the Somme and in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France.
The Canton of Amiens-2 is a canton situated in the department of the Somme and in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France.
The Canton of Amiens-3 is a canton situated in the department of the Somme and in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France.
The Canton of Amiens-4 is a canton situated in the department of the Somme and in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France.
The Canton of Amiens-5 is a canton situated in the department of the Somme and in the Picardie region of northern France.
The Canton of Amiens-6 is a canton situated in the department of the Somme and in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France.
The Canton of Amiens-7 is a canton situated in the department of the Somme and in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France.
The following is a list of the 23 cantons of the Somme department, in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015.
Cardonnette is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Carnage (Carnages) is a 2002 French drama film directed by Delphine Gleize.
Caroline Loir (born 20 January 1988 in Amiens) is a French slalom canoeist who has competed at the international level since 2006.
Catherine Fleury (born 18 June 1966 in Paris) is a French judoka, world champion and olympic champion.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Cédric Ouattara (born November 15, 1983 in Amiens) is a French professional football player.
The César Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role (French: César de la meilleure actrice dans un second rôle) is one of the César Awards, presented annually by the Académie des Arts et Techniques du Cinéma to recognize the outstanding performance in a supporting role of an actress who has worked within the French film industry during the year preceding the ceremony.
The Centre des monuments nationaux (CMN, National monuments centre) is a French government body (Établissement public à caractère administratif) which conserves, restores, and manages historic buildings and sites which are the property of the French state.
The French National Center for Scientific Research (Centre national de la recherche scientifique, CNRS) is the largest governmental research organisation in France and the largest fundamental science agency in Europe.
Challenges is a French language weekly business magazine headquartered in Paris, France.
Chamarande is a commune of Essonne department in the southern suburbs of Paris.
The Championnat de France National (French National Championship), commonly referred to as simply National or Division 3, serves as the third division of the French football league system behind Ligue 1 and Ligue 2.
The Championnat National 2, commonly known as National 2 and formerly known as Championnat de France Amateur (CFA), is a football league competition.
Chantal Langlacé (born 6 January 1955) is a French long-distance runner who is recognized by the International Association of Athletics Federations as having set a world best in the marathon on two different occasions.
Charles Alexandre (17 February 1797, Amiens – 6 June 1870, Paris) was a 19th-century French hellenist, philologist, general inspector of the Instruction publique and a member of the Institut de France.
Charles Aubert de La Chesnaye (12 February 1632 - 20 September 1702) was a French businessman active in Canada.
Charles Cressent (1685–1768) was a French furniture-maker, sculptor and fondeur-ciseleur of the régence style.
Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport (Aéroport de Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle), also known as Roissy Airport (name of the local district), is the largest international airport in France and the second largest in Europe.
Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange or Du Cange (December 18, 1610 in Amiens – October 23, 1688 in Paris) was a distinguished philologist and historian of the Middle Ages and Byzantium.
Charles Eugène Bertrand (2 January 1851, Paris – 18 August 1917) was a French botanist, paleobotanist and geologist.
Jean-Louis Charles Garnier (6 November 1825 – 3 August 1898) was a French architect, perhaps best known as the architect of the Palais Garnier and the Opéra de Monte-Carlo.
Charles Guillaume Alexandre Bourgeois (16 December 1759 – 7 May 1832) was a French physicist and painter.
Charles Tellier (29 June 1828 – 19 October 1913) was a French engineer, born in Amiens.
The Charter of Amiens (Charte d'Amiens) was adopted at the 9th Congress of the Confédération générale du travail (CGT) French trade-union, which took place in Amiens in October 1906.
The Château d'Écouen is a historic château in the city of Écouen, north of Paris, France, which today houses the Musée national de la Renaissance (National Museum of the Renaissance).
Chérie FM is a French radio station created in 1987 and belongs to the NRJ Group.
Chés Cabotans is a marionette show from the city of Amiens, France, performed in the French language and in the Picard language.
The Chemins de Fer du Nord (Compagnie des chemins de fer du Nord or CF du Nord), (Northern Railway Company) often referred to simply as the Nord company, was a rail transport company created in September 1845, in Paris, France.
A chemist (from Greek chēm (ía) alchemy; replacing chymist from Medieval Latin alchimista) is a scientist trained in the study of chemistry.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
Christian Marie Marc Lacroix (born 16 May 1951) is a French fashion designer.
A Christmas market, also known as Christkindlmarkt (literally: Baby Jesus Market), Christkindlesmarkt, Christkindlmarket, Christkindlimarkt, and Weihnachtsmarkt, is a street market associated with the celebration of Christmas during the four weeks of Advent.
Christophe Léotard (born 1966, in Amiens) is a French correspondence chess grandmaster and the 19th World Champion in Correspondence Chess.
Christopher Guy Denis Lambert (born 29 March 1957) is a French-American actor.
Cinematography (also called Direction of Photography) is the science or art of motion-picture photography by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as film stock.
The Cirque d'Hiver ("Winter Circus"), located at 110 rue Amelot (at the juncture of the rue des Filles Calvaires and rue Amelot, Paris 11ème), has been a prominent venue for circuses, exhibitions of dressage, musical concerts, and other events, including exhibitions of Turkish wrestling and even fashion shows.
A citadel is the core fortified area of a town or city.
Art historians and philosophers of art have long had classificatory disputes about art regarding whether a particular cultural form or piece of work should be classified as art.
Claude François (1614 - 17 May 1685) was a French painter and Recollect Franciscan monk.
Claude Vasconi (24 June 1940 - 8 December 2009) was a French architect.
Claude Zidi (born 25 July 1934) is a French film director and screenwriter who is noted for his mainstream burlesque comedies.
Clémence Poésy (born 30 October 1982 as Clémence Guichard) is a French actress and fashion model.
Clément Chevrier (born 29 June 1992 in Amiens) is a French cyclist riding for UCI ProTeam.
Clovis Brunel is a French philologist and writer.
Camille Clovis Trouille (24 October 1889 in La Fère, France – 24 September 1975 in Paris), worked as a restorer and decorator of department store mannequins, but is remembered as a Sunday painter who trained at the École des Beaux-Arts of Amiens from 1905 to 1910.
Cross-sectional view of a coaxial cable Coaxial cable, or coax (pronounced), is a type of electrical cable that has an inner conductor surrounded by a tubular insulating layer, surrounded by a tubular conducting shield.
Coisy is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Coliséum is a multi-sport arena in Amiens, France.
Colonel ("kernel", abbreviated Col., Col or COL) is a senior military officer rank below the brigadier and general officer ranks.
The Comédie-Française or Théâtre-Français is one of the few state theatres in France and is considered the oldest still-active theatre in the world.
A comic book convention or comic con is an event with a primary focus on comic books and comic book culture, in which comic book fans gather to meet creators, experts, and each other.
a medium used to express ideas by images, often combined with text or other visual information.
The Communauté d'agglomération Amiens Métropole is a communauté d'agglomération in the Somme département and in the Hauts-de-France région of France.
A commune (the French word appearing in the 12th century from Medieval Latin communia, meaning a large gathering of people sharing a common life; from Latin communis, things held in common) is an intentional community of people living together, sharing common interests, often having common values and beliefs, as well as shared property, possessions, resources, and, in some communes, work, income or assets.
The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic.
The following is a list of the 779 communes of the Somme department of France.
Compiègne is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.
The Concours des villes et villages fleuris ("towns and villages in bloom competition") is a contest organized annually in France which aims to encourage communes to adopt and implement policies that improve the quality of life of their inhabitants and enhance their attractiveness to visitors through the provision and maintenance of green spaces and the enhancement of their natural environments.
Condé-sur-Noireau is a former commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
In geography, a confluence (also: conflux) occurs where two or more flowing bodies of water join together to form a single channel.
Congregation of the Mission (Congregatio Missionis; CM) is a vowed, Roman Catholic society of apostolic life of priests and brothers founded by Vincent de Paul.
The Conseil supérieur de l'audiovisuel (Superior Council of the Audiovisual), abbreviated CSA, is a French institution created in 1989 whose role is to regulate the various electronic media in France, such as radio and television.
France is divided into 577 constituencies (circonscriptions) for the election of deputies to the lower legislative House, the National Assembly (539 in Metropolitan France, 27 in the overseas departments and territories, and 11 for French residents overseas).
Contemporary art is the art of today, produced in the late 20th century or in the 21st century.
Copacabana is a 2010 French comedy film directed by Marc Fitoussi and starring Isabelle Huppert.
Corentin Ermenault (born 27 January 1996) is a French cyclist riding for.
The Coupe Charles Simon, commonly known as the Coupe de France, is the premier knockout cup competition in French football organized by the French Football Federation.
In France, the cour d’appel (court of appeal) of the ordre judiciaire (judiciary) is a juridiction de droit commun du second degré, a (court of second-degree common law).
A cover band (or covers band), is a band that plays mostly or exclusively cover songs.
Crécy-en-Ponthieu, known in archaic English as Cressy, is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France, located south of Calais.
A crêpe or crepe (or,, Quebec French) is a type of very thin pastry.
Creil is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.
A crest is a component of a heraldic display, consisting of the device borne on top of the helm.
Edwin Parker "Cy" Twombly Jr. (April 25, 1928July 5, 2011) was an American painter, sculptor and photographer.
Cycle sport is competitive physical activity using bicycles.
Dangerous Liaisons is a 1988 American historical drama film based on Christopher Hampton's play Les liaisons dangereuses.
Daniel Senet (born June 26, 1953 in Amiens) is a French weightlifter and Olympic medalist.
Daours is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Darlington is a large market town in County Durham, in North East England.
Delphine Gleize (born 5 May 1973) is a French film director and screenwriter.
The Democratic Movement (Mouvement démocrate; MoDem) is a centrist political party in France that is characterised by a strong pro-European stance.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Dennis Oppenheim (September 6, 1938 – January 21, 2011) was an American conceptual artist, performance artist, earth artist, sculptor and photographer.
In the administrative divisions of France, the department (département) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the commune.
Sérigne M'Baye Gueye (born 28 March 1978), better known by his stage name Disiz, (formerly Disiz la Peste and Disiz Peter Punk), is a French rapper and actor.
Dorian N'Goma Bassinga (born May 15, 1988 in Amiens) is a Congolese international football striker who last played for AS Beauvais in the French Championnat National.
Dortmund (Düörpm:; Tremonia) is an independent city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Douai (Dowaai; historically "Doway" in English) is a commune in the Nord département in northern France.
Doullens is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Dreuil-lès-Amiens is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Dreyfus Affair (l'affaire Dreyfus) was a political scandal that divided the Third French Republic from 1894 until its resolution in 1906.
Dunkirk (Dunkerque; Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Dunlop is a brand of tyres owned by various companies around the world.
Durham (locally) is a historic city and the county town of County Durham in North East England.
Dury is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.
An ecodistrict or eco-district is a neologism associating the terms "district" and "eco" as an abbreviation of ecological.
Doménikos Theotokópoulos (Δομήνικος Θεοτοκόπουλος; October 1541 7 April 1614), most widely known as El Greco ("The Greek"), was a painter, sculptor and architect of the Spanish Renaissance.
An electric bicycle, also known as an e-bike, powerbike or booster bike, is a bicycle with an integrated electric motor which can be used for propulsion.
Electro (or electro-funk).
Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron (born 21 December 1977) is a French politician serving as President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra since 14 May 2017.
The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.
Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, usually flat surface by cutting grooves into it.
ESIEE, (previously named École Supérieure d'Ingénieurs en Électrotechnique et Électronique), is a network of French graduate schools composed of two graduate schools of engineering known as ESIEE Paris and ESIEE Amiens and one graduate school of management called ESIEE Management.
The ESIEE Amiens (previously named École supérieure d'ingénieurs en électrotechnique et électronique) is a French Graduate School of Engineering located in Amiens delivering the equivalent of a master's degree.
Essonne is a French department in the region of Île-de-France.
Eugène-Maurice-Pierre Cosserat (4 March 1866 – 31 May 1931) was a French mathematician and astronomer.
Eugène Jolibois (4 June 1819 – 20 December 1896) was a French lawyer and politician.
Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc (27 January 1814 – 17 September 1879) was a French architect and author who restored many prominent medieval landmarks in France, including those which had been damaged or abandoned during the French Revolution.
Europe 1, formerly known as Europe n° 1, is a privately owned radio station created in 1955.
Europe Ecology – The Greens (Europe Écologie Les Verts, EELV) is a green and centre-left political party in France.
The European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA) is an organisation for the European zoo and aquarium community that links over 340 member organizations in 41 countries.
The European Table Tennis Championships is an international table tennis competition for the national teams of the member associations of the European Table Tennis Union (ETTU).
A face transplant is a medical procedure to replace all or part of a person's face using tissue from a cadaver.
A fanfare (or fanfarade or flourish) is a short musical flourish that is typically played by trumpets or other brass instruments, often accompanied by percussion.
Fédérale 3 is the fifth division of rugby union in France.
Febreze is a brand of household odor eliminators manufactured by Procter & Gamble.
Federico Fellini, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (20 January 1920 – 31 October 1993) was an Italian film director and screenwriter.
Fencing is a group of three related combat sports.
Louis Eugène Ferdinand Pouy (17 February 1824, Villiers-sur-Tholon – 21 November 1891, Amiens) was a 19th-century French writer and bibliographer After law school, he moved to Amiens and bought an auctioneer charge.
Saint Fermin of Amiens (also Firmin, from Latin, Firminus; in Spanish, Fermín; in Basque, Fermin) is one of many locally venerated Catholic saints.
Field artillery is a category of mobile artillery used to support armies in the field.
Field hockey is a team game of the hockey family.
The First Crusade (1095–1099) was the first of a number of crusades that attempted to recapture the Holy Land, called for by Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont in 1095.
The First Valls government was the thirty-seventh Government of France.
Flamiche is a specialty of Picardy (located in northern France), and a puff pastry tart made with leeks and cream.
Floorball is a type of floor hockey with five players and a goalkeeper in each team.
Florence Marie Louise Cassez Crépin (born 17 November 1974 in Lille) is a French woman convicted in Mexico of belonging to the kidnapping gang Los Zodiacos (The Zodiacs).
A folding bicycle is a bicycle designed to fold into a compact form, facilitating transport and storage.
In archival science, a fonds is the aggregation of documents that originate from the same source.
The Fonds régional d'art contemporain (FRAC) is a network of 23 public collections of contemporary art across France.
Football is a family of team sports that involve, to varying degrees, kicking a ball with a foot to score a goal.
A ford is a shallow place with good footing where a river or stream may be crossed by wading, or inside a vehicle getting its wheels wet.
A forum (Latin forum "public place outdoors", plural fora; English plural either fora or forums) was a public square in a Roman municipium, or any civitas, reserved primarily for the vending of goods; i.e., a marketplace, along with the buildings used for shops and the stoas used for open stalls.
Française is a 2008 film.
François Boucher (29 September 1703 – 30 May 1770) was a French painter, draughtsman and etcher, who worked in the Rococo style.
François Dubois (1529–1584) was a French Huguenot painter who was born in Amiens.
François Ozon (born 15 November 1967) is a French film director and screenwriter whose films are usually characterized by sharp satirical wit and a freewheeling view on human sexuality.
François Ruffin (born 18 October 1975) is a French journalist, politician, and social activist.
François Schuiten (born 26 April 1956) is a Belgian comic book artist.
François Henry Spoerry (Mulhouse, Alsace, France, 28 December 1912 – Port Grimaud, Var, France, 11 January 1999) was a French architect, developer, and urban planner.
François-Henri Désérable (born Amiens, France, 6 February 1987) is a French author and a former professional ice hockey player.
Françoise Pascal (born 14 October 1949) is a Mauritian actress and model.
France 2 is a French public national television channel.
France 3 Picardie is one France 3's regional services, broadcasting to people in the Picardy region.
France Culture is a French public radio channel and part of Radio France.
France Info (stylised as franceinfo) is a brand of news service participated by France Télévisions, Radio France, France Médias Monde and the Institut national de l'audiovisuel.
France Inter is a major French public radio channel and part of Radio France.
France Musique is a French national public radio channel owned and operated by Radio France.
The France national under-20 football team represents France in association football at this age level and is controlled by the French Football Federation.
Francesco Lazzaro Guardi (October 5, 1712 – January 1, 1793) was an Italian painter of veduta, nobleman, and a member of the Venetian School.
Francia, also called the Kingdom of the Franks (Regnum Francorum), or Frankish Empire was the largest post-Roman Barbarian kingdom in Western Europe.
Francis Bacon (28 October 1909 – 28 April 1992) was an Irish-British figurative painter known for his bold, grotesque, emotionally charged, raw imagery.
Francis I (François Ier) (12 September 1494 – 31 March 1547) was the first King of France from the Angoulême branch of the House of Valois, reigning from 1515 until his death.
Francis Picabia (born Francis-Marie Martinez de Picabia, 22January 1879 – 30November 1953) was a French avant-garde painter, poet and typographist.
Franck Perque (born 30 November 1974 in Amiens) is a former French racing cyclist.
Frédéric Cuvillier (born at Boulogne-sur-Mer on 9 December 1968) is a French politician who, until his appointment as Junior Minister for Transport and the Maritime Economy at the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development, and Energy by President François Hollande on 16 May 2012, was a member of the National Assembly of France, where he represented the 5th constituency of Pas-de-Calais on behalf of the Parti Socialiste.
Frédéric Petit (June 3, 1836 – April 20, 1895) was a French politician.
Free is a French telecommunications company, subsidiary of Iliad that provides voice, video, data, and Internet telecommunications to consumers in France.
Freight bicycles, carrier cycles, freight tricycles, cargo bikes, box bikes, or cycletrucks are human powered vehicles designed and constructed specifically for transporting loads.
The French Communist Party (Parti communiste français, PCF) is a communist party in France.
French hip hop is the hip hop music style which was developed in French-speaking countries.
The French Ice Hockey Federation (Fédération Française de Hockey sur Glace (FFHG)) is the governing body of ice hockey in France, as recognized by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF).
The French municipal elections of 2008 were held on 9 March in that year (with a second round of voting taking place, where necessary, one week later on 16 March) to elect the municipal councils of France's 36,782 communes.
The French municipal elections of 2014 were held on 23 March of that year with a second round of voting, where necessary, on 30 March to elect the municipal councils of France's communes.
The French National Badminton Championships is a tournament organized to crown the best badminton players in France.
The French Resistance (La Résistance) was the collection of French movements that fought against the Nazi German occupation of France and against the collaborationist Vichy régime during the Second World War.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
The French Section of the Workers' International (Section Française de l'Internationale Ouvrière, SFIO) was a French socialist political party founded in 1905 and replaced in 1969 by the current Socialist Party (PS).
French toast is a dish made of bread soaked in eggs and milk, then fried.
Since 1985, the French Ministry of Culture and Communication has pursued a policy of preserving and promoting France's heritage.
Fun Radio is a French network of FM radio stations created on 2 October 1985 and offering dancefloor-based music operating on 250 different frequencies in France.
Gare d'Amiens (formerly Gare du Nord) is the main station for the Northern French city of Amiens.
Lille Flandres is the main railway station of Lille, capital of French Flanders.
Longueau station is a railway station in Longueau near Amiens, France.
Saint-Roch is a station in the French Northern city of Amiens.
TGV Haute-Picardie is a railway station on the LGV Nord-Europe between Lille and Paris.
The Gauls were Celtic people inhabiting Gaul in the Iron Age and the Roman period (roughly from the 5th century BC to the 5th century AD).
The Gaumont Film Company (often shorted to Gaumont) is a French mini-major film studio founded by the engineer-turned-inventor Léon Gaumont (1864–1946), in 1895.
Gérald Baticle (born 10 October 1969 in Amiens), is a former French football player and manager.
Görlitz (Upper Lusatian dialect: Gerlz, Gerltz, and Gerltsch, Zgorzelec, Zhorjelc, Zgórjelc, Zhořelec) is a town in the German federal state of Saxony.
Geneviève Fioraso is a French politician, representative of the first district of Isère since June 2007, and a member of the Socialist Party.
Gentelles is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
A geographer is a scholar whose area of study is geography, the study of Earth's natural environment and human society.
Georges Franju (12 April 1912 – 5 November 1987) was a French filmmaker.
Georges Émile Pierre Jehan Denis Vallerey, Sr. (2 December 1902 – 11 June 1956) was a French swimmer.
Germaine Dulac (born Charlotte Elisabeth Germaine Saisset-Schneider; 17 November 1882 – 20 July 1942)Flitterman-Lewis 1996 was a French filmmaker, film theorist, journalist and critic.
Le vicomte Gilles de Robien (born 10 April 1941 in Cocquerel, Somme) is a French politician and former government minister.
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (March 5, 1696 – March 27, 1770), also known as Gianbattista or Giambattista Tiepolo, was an Italian painter and printmaker from the Republic of Venice.
The Girondins, Girondists or Gironde were members of a loosely knit political faction during the French Revolution.
Gisèle Vallerey (22 January 1930 – 28 September 2010) was a French swimmer.
Glisy is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Glory (from the Latin gloria, "fame, renown") is used to describe the manifestation of God's presence as perceived by humans according to the Abrahamic religions.
Golf is a club-and-ball sport in which players use various clubs to hit balls into a series of holes on a course in as few strokes as possible.
The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company is an American multinational tire manufacturing company founded in 1898 by Frank Seiberling and based in Akron, Ohio.
The Gospel According to Matthew (translit; also called the Gospel of Matthew or simply, Matthew) is the first book of the New Testament and one of the three synoptic gospels.
Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.
Gothic art was a style of medieval art that developed in Northern France out of Romanesque art in the 12th century AD, led by the concurrent development of Gothic architecture.
Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.
Hockey Club Amiens Somme is a French ice hockey team based in Amiens playing in the Ligue Magnus.
The Grand Prix de la ville d'Angoulême is a lifetime achievement award given annually during the Angoulême International Comics Festival to a comics author.
The title Grandmaster (GM) is awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.
Grégoire Delacourt Grégoire Delacourt (born 26 July 1960 in Valenciennes) is a French advertiser and writer.
Grégory Beron (born 31 July 1989) is a French ice hockey defenceman playing for Corsaires de Dunkerque of the FFHG Division 1.
Greg Houla (born 19 July 1988) is a French professional footballer.
Gueudet is the second most important car distributor in France and one of the most important in Europe.
Guided buses are buses capable of being steered by external means, usually on a dedicated track or roll way that excludes other traffic, permitting the maintenance of schedules even during rush hours.
Guillaume Depardieu (7 April 1971 – 13 October 2008) was a French actor, winner of a César Award, and the oldest child of Gérard Depardieu.
In heraldry, gules is the tincture with the colour red, and belongs to the class of dark tinctures called "colours." In engraving, it is sometimes depicted as a region of vertical lines or else marked with gu. as an abbreviation.
Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet (10 June 1819 – 31 December 1877) was a French painter who led the Realism movement in 19th-century French painting.
Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (born Bönickhausen;;; 15 December 183227 December 1923) was a French civil engineer.
Gustave Kervern (born 27 August 1962), also known as Gustave de Kervern and Gustave K/Vern, is a French actor, director and screenwriter.
Hafsia Herzi (born 25 January 1987) is a French actress of Algerian and Tunisian descent.
Hainaut (Hainaut,; Henegouwen,; Hinnot; Hénau) is a province of Belgium in the Walloon region.
Handball (also known as team handball, fieldball, European handball or Olympic handball) is a team sport in which two teams of seven players each (six outfield players and a goalkeeper) pass a ball using their hands with the aim of throwing it into the goal of the other team.
Haute-Vienne is a French department named after the river Vienne.
Hauts-de-France (translates to "Upper France" in English; Heuts-d'Franche) is a region of France created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014, from a merger of Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardy.
Hébécourt is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Hélène et les Garçons (Helen and the Boys) was a French sitcom that aired from 1992 to 1994.
Head Against the Wall (La Tête contre les murs) is a 1959 French drama film directed by Georges Franju which stars Pierre Brasseur, Paul Meurisse, Jean-Pierre Mocky, Anouk Aimée, and Charles Aznavour.
Henri Calef (1910–1994) was a French screenwriter and film director.
Henri Deberly, born in 1882 in Amiens (France) and died in 1947, was a French writer, winner of the Prix Goncourt in 1926.
Henry IV (Henri IV, read as Henri-Quatre; 13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), also known by the epithet Good King Henry, was King of Navarre (as Henry III) from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610.
A heptathlon is a track and field combined events contest made up of seven events.
Amiens is a city and commune in northern France, north of Paris and south-west of Lille.
HLM is the acronym of Habitation à Loyer Modéré ("rent-controlled housing"), a form of private or public housing in France, Switzerland, Algeria, Senegal, and Quebec.
Saint Honoratus of Amiens (Honoré, sometimes Honorius) (d. 16 May ca. 600) was the seventh bishop of Amiens.
Hornoy-le-Bourg is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Howden-le-Wear is a village in County Durham, in England.
Hugues Quester (born 5 August 1948) is a French actor.
Human Science studies the philosophical, biological, social, and cultural aspects of human life.
The Humboldt penguin (Spheniscus humboldti) (also termed Peruvian penguin, or patranca) is a South American penguin that breeds in coastal Chile and Peru.
The Hundred Days Offensive was the final period of the First World War, during which the Allies launched a series of offensives against the Central Powers on the Western Front from 8 August to 11 November 1918, beginning with the Battle of Amiens.
I clowns (also known as The Clowns) is a 1970 film by Federico Fellini about the human fascination with clowns and circuses.
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
The Ice Hockey World Championships are an annual international men's ice hockey tournament organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF).
An illuminated manuscript is a manuscript in which the text is supplemented with such decoration as initials, borders (marginalia) and miniature illustrations.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
The Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (Inserm) is the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research.
The Institut national de l’information géographique et forestière (National Institute of Geographic and Forest Information), previously Institut géographique national (National Geographic Institute) or IGN is a French public state administrative establishment founded in 1940 to produce and maintain geographical information for France and its overseas departments and territories.
The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques), abbreviated INSEE, is the national statistics bureau of France.
An insurance broker sells, solicits, or negotiates insurance for compensation.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.
Isabelle Anne Madeleine Huppert (born 16 March 1953) is a French actress who has appeared in more than 120 films since her debut in 1971.
Isabelle Pasco (born on April 25, 1966 in Perpignan, Pyrénées-Orientales, France) is a French actress and model.
Issy-les-Moulineaux is a commune in the southwestern suburban area of Paris, France, lying on the left bank of the river Seine.
Jacob (Jacques) Jordaens (19 May 1593 – 18 October 1678) was a Flemish painter, draughtsman and tapestry designer known for his history paintings, genre scenes and portraits.
Jacques Charon (27 February 1920 – 15 October 1975) was a French actor and film director.
Jacques Delille (22 June 1738 – 1 May 1813) was a French poet, freemason and translator.
Jacques Le Goff (1 January 1924 – 1 April 2014) was a French historian and prolific author specializing in the Middle Ages, particularly the 12th and 13th centuries.
Jacques Rohault (1618–1672) was a French philosopher, physicist and mathematician, and a follower of Cartesianism.
Jan and Joël Martel (5 April 1896 – 16 March 1966) were French sculptors.
Jansenism was a Catholic theological movement, primarily in France, that emphasized original sin, human depravity, the necessity of divine grace, and predestination.
Jérémy Stravius (born 14 July 1988) is a French swimmer, swimming freestyle, backstroke, and butterfly.
Jón Stefán Sveinsson, better known as "Nonni" (16 November 1857 in Möðruvellir in Hörgárdalur – 16 October 1944 in Cologne) was an Icelandic children's writer and member of the Society of Jesus.
JCDecaux Group (JCDecaux SA) is a multinational corporation based in Neuilly-sur-Seine, near Paris, France, known for its bus-stop advertising systems, billboards, public bicycle rental systems, and street furniture.
Je suis né d'une cigogne (Children of the Stork) is a 1999 French road movie directed by Tony Gatlif, starring Romain Duris, Rona Hartner, Ouassini Embarek, Christine Pignet and Marc Nouyrigat.
Jean Baptiste Joseph, chevalier Delambre (19 September 1749 – 19 August 1822) was a French mathematician and astronomer.
Jean Bullant (1515 – 13 October 1578) was a French architect and sculptor who built the tombs of Anne de Montmorency, Grand Connétable of France, Henri II, and Catherine de' Medici.
Jean Joseph Catelas (6 May 1894 – 24 September 1941) was a French communist politician who was a deputy for the Somme from 1936 to 1940.
Jean Philippe Arthur Dubuffet (31 July 1901 – 12 May 1985) was a French painter and sculptor.
Jean Hélion (April 21, 1904October 27, 1987) was a French painter whose abstract work of the 1930s established him as a leading modernist.
Jean Moulin (20 June 1899 – 8 July 1943) was a high-profile member of the Resistance in France during World War II.
Jean Michel Rollin Roth Le Gentil (3 November 193815 December 2010) was a French film director, actor, and novelist best known for his work in the fantastique genre.
Jean-Baptiste François Xavier Cousin De Grainville (3 April 1746 – 1 February 1805) was a French writer who wrote a seminal work of fantasy literature: Le Dernier Homme (The Last Man) (1805).
Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de Lamarck (1 August 1744 – 18 December 1829), often known simply as Lamarck, was a French naturalist.
Lieutenant General Jean-Baptiste Vaquette de Gribeauval (15 September 1715 – 9 May 1789) was a French artillery officer and engineer who revolutionized French cannon, creating a new production system that allowed lighter, more uniform guns without sacrificing range.
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot (July 16, 1796 – February 22, 1875) was a French landscape and portrait painter as well as a printmaker in etching.
Jean-Baptiste-Louis Gresset (August 29, 1709 – June 16, 1777) was a French poet and dramatist, best known for his poem Vert-Vert.
Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin (November 2, 1699 – December 6, 1779) was an 18th-century French painter.
Jean-Honoré Fragonard (4 April 1732 (birth/baptism certificate) – 22 August 1806) was a French painter and printmaker whose late Rococo manner was distinguished by remarkable facility, exuberance, and hedonism.
Jean-Jacques Beineix (born 8 October 1946) is a French film director and generally seen as the best example of what came to be called the ''cinéma du look''.
Jean-Luc Van Den Heede (born 8 June 1945 in Amiens) is a French sailor.
Jean-Marie Roland, de la Platière (18 February 1734 – 15 November 1793) was a French manufacturer in Lyon and became a leader of the Girondist faction in the French Revolution, largely influenced in this direction by his wife, Marie-Jeanne "Manon" Roland de la Platiere.
Jean-Michel Basquiat (December 22, 1960 – August 12, 1988) was an American artist.
Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic.
Jean-Pierre Mocky (born 6 July 1933)In 1940, his year of birth was changed to 1929 to save him from deportation.
Jean-Pierre Pernaut (born 8 April 1950 in Amiens, Somme) is a news reader and broadcaster on French television.
Jeanne Joulain (22 July 1920 – 1 February 2010) was a French organist, concertist and music educator.
Jericho is a 1946 French war film directed by Henri Calef based on Operation Jericho.
Joan Miró i Ferrà (20 April 1893 – 25 December 1983) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, and ceramicist born in Barcelona.
Joely Kim Richardson (born 9 January 1965) is an English actress, known for her role as Julia McNamara in the FX drama series Nip/Tuck (2003–10), and Queen Catherine Parr in the Showtime series The Tudors (2010).
John Ruskin (8 February 1819 – 20 January 1900) was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, as well as an art patron, draughtsman, watercolourist, a prominent social thinker and philanthropist.
Joseph Antoine Toussaint Dinouart (November 1, 1716 – April 23, 1786) was a preacher, polemicist, compiler of sacred learning, and apologist for French feminism.
Émile-Joseph Porphyre Pinchon (Amiens, 17 April 1871 - Paris, 20 June 1953) was a French painter, illustrator, designer and comic book creator, best known for his series Bécassine.
Josiane Balasko (born Josiane Balašković; 15 April 1950) is a French actress, writer and director.
The Judo competition at the 1992 Summer Olympics was contested in fourteen weight classes, seven each for men and women.
Jules Joseph Lefebvre (14 March 183624 February 1911) was a French figure painter, educator and theorist.
Jules Gabriel Verne (Longman Pronunciation Dictionary.; 8 February 1828 – 24 March 1905) was a French novelist, poet, and playwright.
Julie Coin (born 2 December 1982) is a retired French professional tennis player.
Dame Julia Mary Walters, (born 22 February 1950) is an English actress and writer.
Julien Benedetto, born on 29 January 1981 at Amiens, is a French television journalist.
A jumble sale, bring and buy sale (U.K, Australia, occasionally Canada) or rummage sale (U.S and Canada) is an event at which second hand goods are sold, usually by an institution such as a local Boys' Brigade Company, Scout group, or church, as a fundraising or charitable effort.
Jusepe de Ribera (baptized February 17, 1591; died September 2, 1652) was a Spanish Tenebrist painter and printmaker, also known as José de Ribera and Josep de Ribera.
Kévin Hecquefeuille (November 20, 1984) is a French professional ice hockey defenseman who is currently playing for the Scorpions de Mulhouse in the French Ligue Magnus.
Kindergarten (from German, literally meaning 'garden for the children') is a preschool educational approach based on playing, singing, practical activities such as drawing, and social interaction as part of the transition from home to school.
The Kingdom of France (Royaume de France) was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Western Europe.
Klaus Kinski (born Klaus Günter Karl Nakszynski; 18 October 1926 – 23 November 1991) was a German actor.
L'Écho de la timbrologie is a French monthly magazine about philately and stamp collecting.
L'Équipe (French for "the team") is a French nationwide daily newspaper devoted to sport, owned by Éditions Philippe Amaury.
La Capelle is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
La femme enfant (Die Stumme Liebe) is a 1980 French drama film directed by Raphaële Billetdoux and starring Klaus Kinski.
La Grange (1635 – 1 March 1692), whose real name was Charles Varlet, was a French actor and a member of the troupe of Molière.
Lamotte-Brebière is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Laon is the capital city of the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France, northern France.
The lar gibbon (Hylobates lar), also known as the white-handed gibbon, is an endangered primate in the gibbon family, Hylobatidae.
A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation.
Laurent Delahousse, born on 30 August 1969, is a French journalist.
Le Creusot is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Bourgogne in eastern France.
Le Havre, historically called Newhaven in English, is an urban French commune and city in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region of northwestern France.
Le Méchant (French: The Villain) is a 1747 play by Jean-Baptiste-Louis Gresset.
Le Point is a French weekly political and news magazine published in Paris, France.
Le Zénith is the name given to a series of indoor arenas in France.
Lee Cooper Brand is an English clothing company, operating worldwide, that licenses the sale of many Lee Cooper-branded items, including denim jeans.
The Left Front (Front de gauche, FG or FDG) is a French electoral alliance and a political movement created for the 2009 European elections by the French Communist Party and the Left Party when a left-wing minority faction decided to leave the Socialist Party, and the Unitarian Left (Gauche Unitaire), a group which left the New Anticapitalist Party.
Les Fatals Picards is a French rock/punk band, founded in 1996.
Les Halles (The Halls) was Paris's central fresh food market.
Les Liaisons dangereuses (Dangerous Liaisons) is a French epistolary novel by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, first published in four volumes by Durand Neveu from March 23, 1782.
Les vacances de l'amour (lit. The holidays of love) is a French TV series, the continuation of the series Le miracle de l'amour (lit. The miracle of love) which is the continuation of the successful series Hélène et les garçons (lit. Hélène and the Boys).
The LGV Picardie is a proposed high-speed railway line running between Paris and Calais, via Amiens, in France.
Liêm Hoang-Ngoc (born 11 December 1964 in Saigon, South Vietnam) is a Vietnamese-born French economist and Member of the European Parliament elected in the 2009 European election for the East France constituency as a member of the French Socialist Party.
The Ligue Élite de Football Américain or LEFA (Elite League of American Football in English) is the top-level American Football league of France.
Ligue Magnus is the current name for the top men's division of the French ice hockey pyramid, established in 1906.
Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.
Lille Airport (Aéroport de Lille) is an airport located in Lesquin, south-southeast of Lille, a city in northern France.
This is a list of certified and recognized cycling records as recognised by the Union Cycliste Internationale, International Human Powered Vehicle Association and World Human Powered Vehicle Association, Guinness World Records, International Olympic Committee, the UK Road Records Association or other accepted authorities.
This is a list of French finance ministers, including the equivalent positions of Superintendent of Finances and Controller-General of Finances during the ancien régime.
A list of Government spokespeople of France.
This is a list of medalists from the ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships in women's canoe.
Marshal of France (Maréchal de France, plural Maréchaux de France) is a French military distinction, rather than a military rank, that is awarded to generals for exceptional achievements.
The Prime Minister of France is the head of the Government of France.
Loïc Korval (born May 15, 1988 in Nogent-sur-Marne, France) is a French judoka who won a bronze medal at the 2010 World Judo Championships and a silver medal at the 2010 European Judo Championships.
Logica was a multinational IT and management consultancy company headquartered in Reading, United Kingdom.
Long-distance running, or endurance running, is a form of continuous running over distances of at least eight kilometres (5 miles).
Longue paume, or jeu de longue paume, is an outdoor version of jeu de paume, an ancestor of modern lawn tennis.
Longueau is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Longueau–Boulogne railway is a French railway which runs from a junction with the Paris-Lille railway at Longueau to the coastal port of Boulogne.
Louis Antoine (23 November 1888 – 8 February 1971) was a French mathematician who discovered Antoine's necklace, which J. W. Alexander used to construct Antoine's horned sphere.
Louis Thuillier (4 May 1856 – 19 September 1883) was a French biologist from Amiens.
Louis VI (c.1081 – 1 August 1137), called the Fat (le Gros) or the Fighter (le Batailleur), was King of the Franks from 1108 until his death (1137).
The Louis XIII style or Louis Treize was a fashion in French art and architecture, especially affecting the visual and decorative arts.
Louise Hires a Contract Killer (Louise-Michel) is a 2008 French comedy film written and directed by Gustave de Kervern and Benoît Delépine.
The Louvre Palace (Palais du Louvre) is a former royal palace located on the Right Bank of the Seine in Paris, between the Tuileries Gardens and the church of Saint-Germain l'Auxerrois.
The Louvre-Lens is an art museum located in Lens, Pas-de-Calais, Northern France, approximately 200 kilometers north of Paris.
Lucien Lecointe (14 April 1867 - 22 June 1940) was a French politician.
Lviv (Львів; Львов; Lwów; Lemberg; Leopolis; see also other names) is the largest city in western Ukraine and the seventh-largest city in the country overall, with a population of around 728,350 as of 2016.
Lycée la Providence is a French private, Roman Catholic, Jesuit institute of secondary education in Amiens.
A macaron is a sweet meringue-based confection made with egg white, icing sugar, granulated sugar, almond powder or ground almond, and food coloring.
Madame Roland née Marie-Jeanne Phlippon, also known as Jeanne Manon Roland (17 March 1754 – 8 November 1793), was, together with her husband Jean-Marie Roland de la Platière, a supporter of the French Revolution and influential member of the Girondist faction.
Madeleine Michelis (22 August 1913 – 15 or 16 February 1944) was a French teacher and a member of the French Resistance during the Second World War.
Magnentius (Latin: Flavius Magnus Magnentius Augustus; r. 303 – August 11, 353) was an usurper of the Roman Empire from 350 to 353.
Mailly-Maillet is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
In hydrology, a main stem (or trunk) is "the primary downstream segment of a river, as contrasted to its tributaries".
Marc Fitoussi (born 20 July 1976) is a French film director and screenwriter.
Valentin Louis Georges Eugène Marcel Proust (10 July 1871 – 18 November 1922), known as Marcel Proust, was a French novelist, critic, and essayist best known for his monumental novel À la recherche du temps perdu (In Search of Lost Time; earlier rendered as Remembrance of Things Past), published in seven parts between 1913 and 1927.
Marcel Trillat (born 4 April 1940) is a French journalist and documentary filmmaker.
Marcus Terentius Varro (116 BC – 27 BC) was an ancient Roman scholar and writer.
Marguerite Georges (1787–1867) was a French stage actress.
Marie Collonvillé (born 23 November 1973 in Amiens) is a French heptathlete.
Marie-Nicolas-Antoine Daveluy (16 March 1818 – 30 March 1866) was a French missionary and saint.
A market garden is the relatively small-scale production of fruits, vegetables and flowers as cash crops, frequently sold directly to consumers and restaurants.
Saint Martin of Tours (Sanctus Martinus Turonensis; 316 or 336 – 8 November 397) was Bishop of Tours, whose shrine in France became a famous stopping-point for pilgrims on the road to Santiago de Compostela in Spain.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
Massimiliano Fuksas (born January 9, 1944) is an Italian architect.
Maurice Boitel (July 31, 1919 – August 11, 2007) was a French painter.
Maurice Quentin de La Tour (5 September 1704 – 17 February 1788) was a French Rococo portraitist who worked primarily with pastels.
Mâcon, historically anglicized as Mascon, is a small city in east-central France.
Médiamétrie is a French audience measurement company.
Mélanie Henique (born 22 December 1992) is a French swimmer who won a bronze medal in 50 m butterfly at the 2011 World Championships in Shanghai.
The mechanical philosophy is a natural philosophy describing the universe as similar to a large-scale mechanism.
The medieval art of the Western world covers a vast scope of time and place, over 1000 years of art in Europe, and at times the Middle East and North Africa.
Metro International is a Swedish global media company based in Luxembourg that publishes the Metro newspapers. Metro International's advertising sales have grown at a compound annual growth rate of 41 percent since launch of the first newspaper edition in 1995.http://hugin.info/132142/R/1125327/208539.pdf It is a freesheet, meaning that distribution is free, with revenues thus generated entirely through advertising. This newspaper is primarily intended for commuters who move daily in and out of big cities' business areas, mainly during rush hours. The company was founded by Per Andersson and started as a subsidiary of the Modern Times Group along with Viasat Broadcasting. It is now controlled through the Mats Qviberg owned investment company Custos. The first edition of the newspaper was published as Metro Stockholm and distributed in the Stockholm metro., all European editions (except for the Hungarian one) have been sold, reportedly so that Metro International can focus on Latin America, considered the last growth market for free newspapers.
Mianyang is the second largest prefecture-level city of Sichuan province in Southwest China.
Michel Macquet (3 April 1932 – 27 October 2002) was a French javelin thrower and handball player.
Jacques Daniel Michel Piccoli (born 27 December 1925) is a French actor and filmmaker of Ticino descent.
Michou (born Amiens, 18 June 1931) is a French singer, drag artist and owner of Chez Michou in Montmartre.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Midwifery is the health science and health profession that deals with pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period (including care of the newborn), in addition to the sexual and reproductive health of women throughout their lives.
The Ministry of the Armed Forces (Ministre des Armées) is the French cabinet member charged with running the French Armed Forces.
The Minister of the Interior (Ministre de l'Intérieur) is an important position in the Government of France.
The Minister of Transport is a cabinet member in the Government of France.
The Ministry of Culture (Ministère de la Culture) is the ministry of the Government of France in charge of national museums and the monuments historiques.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the ministry in the government of France that handles France's foreign relations.
The Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation (Ministère de l’Enseignement supérieur, de la Recherche et de l'Innovation, MESRI) is a ministry (government department) of France overseeing university-level education and research.
The Ministry of National Education, Higher Education and Research (Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche), or simply "Ministry of National Education", as the title has changed no small number of times in the course of the Fifth Republic is the French government cabinet member charged with running France's public educational system and with the supervision of agreements and authorizations for private teaching organizations.
The Ministry of Women's Rights is a Ministry of the Government of France.
Miscellaneous left (divers gauche, DVG) in France refers to left-wing candidates who are not members of a large party.
The Mise of Amiens was a settlement given by King Louis IX of France on 23 January 1264 in the conflict between King Henry III of England and his rebellious barons, led by Simon de Montfort.
Miss Europe is a beauty pageant with female contestants from all over Europe.
Miss France is a national beauty pageant in France held each year in December, and the winner is designated by the year that begins in the ensuing January.
Caroline Hervé (born 1973), better known by her stage name Miss Kittin, is a French electronic music Record producer, DJ, singer, and songwriter.
Modern art includes artistic work produced during the period extending roughly from the 1860s to the 1970s, and denotes the styles and philosophy of the art produced during that era.
Molière's company (La Troupe de Molière) was the theatrical company which formed around Molière from 1648 onwards, when he was performing in the French provinces after the failure of the Illustre Théâtre in 1645.
Montonvillers is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
* Monument historique is a designation given to some national heritage sites in France.
A mountain bike or mountain bicycle (abbreviated Mtn Bike or MTB) is a bicycle designed for off-road cycling.
Mouv' (formerly Le Mouv) is a French youth-oriented radio station which began broadcasting on 17 June 1997.
The Musée de Picardie is the main museum of Amiens and Picardy, in France.
Nadine Alari (born Bernadette Nicole Frédérique Bovarie; 23 February 1927 – 24 November 2016) was a French film and television actress.
Nafplio (Ναύπλιο, Nauplio or Nauplion in Italian and other Western European languages) is a seaport town in the Peloponnese in Greece that has expanded up the hillsides near the north end of the Argolic Gulf.
Najat Vallaud-Belkacem (born Najat Belkacem on 4 October 1977) is a French socialist politician, who on 25 August 2014 was the first French woman to be appointed Minister of Education, Higher Education, and Research, joining the Second Valls Government.
Nancy Meckler is a director, known for her work in the United Kingdom with Shared Experience, where she was a joint artistic director alongside Polly Teale.
Nathalie Perrey or Natalie Perrey (28 February 1929 – 25 March 2012) was a French actress.
The National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic, the upper house being the Senate (Sénat).
The National Rally (Rassemblement national, RN), formerly known as the National Front (Front national,; FN) until 2018, is a right-wing populist and nationalist political party in France.
Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms including animals, fungi and plants in their environment; leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study.
The nave is the central aisle of a basilica church, or the main body of a church (whether aisled or not) between its rear wall and the far end of its intersection with the transept at the chancel.
Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century.
Netvibes is a company.
Neufchâtel-en-Bray (pronunciation) is a commune situated in the Seine-Maritime department of the Normandy Region, northern France.
New France (Nouvelle-France) was the area colonized by France in North America during a period beginning with the exploration of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence by Jacques Cartier in 1534 and ending with the cession of New France to Great Britain and Spain in 1763.
Nicholas Barré, O.M. (21 October 1621 – 31 May 1686), was a French Minim friar and Catholic priest, who founded the Sisters of the Infant Jesus.
Nicolas Chatelain is a male former international table tennis player from France.
Nicolas Cornet (Amiens, 1572 – Paris, 1663) was a French Catholic theologian.
Nicolas Duvauchelle (born 27 March 1980) is a French actor, perhaps best known for his role as Theo in three seasons of the crime drama Braquo.
Nico Papatakis (Νίκος Παπατάκης; 5 July 1918 – 17 December 2010)Death certificate registered by the Paris's City Hall (France) was a Greek- Ethiopian-born naturalised French filmmaker, who lived in France.
Noël François de Wailly (31 July 1724 – 7 April 1801) was a French grammarian and lexicographer.
Nord-Pas-de-Calais (is a former administrative region of France. Since 1 January 2016, it is part of the new region Hauts-de-France. It consisted of the departments of Nord and Pas-de-Calais. Nord-Pas-de-Calais borders the English Channel (west), the North Sea (northwest), Belgium (north and east) and Picardy (south). The majority of the region was once part of the historical (Southern) Netherlands, but gradually became part of France between 1477 and 1678, particularly during the reign of king Louis XIV. The historical French provinces that preceded Nord-Pas-de-Calais are Artois, French Flanders, French Hainaut and (partially) Picardy. These provincial designations are still frequently used by the inhabitants. With its 330.8 people per km2 on just over 12,414 km2, it is a densely populated region, having some 4.1 million inhabitants, 7% of France's total population, making it the fourth most populous region in the country, 83% of whom live in urban communities. Its administrative centre and largest city is Lille. The second largest city is Calais, which serves as a major continental economic/transportation hub with Dover of Great Britain away; this makes Nord-Pas-de-Calais the closest continental European connection to the Great Britain. Other major towns include Valenciennes, Lens, Douai, Béthune, Dunkirk, Maubeuge, Boulogne, Arras, Cambrai and Saint-Omer. Numerous films, like Bienvenue chez les Ch'tis.
A normal school was an institution created to train high school graduates to be teachers by educating them in the norms of pedagogy and curriculum.
Normandy (Normandie,, Norman: Normaundie, from Old French Normanz, plural of Normant, originally from the word for "northman" in several Scandinavian languages) is one of the 18 regions of France, roughly referring to the historical Duchy of Normandy.
The Normans (Norman: Normaunds; Normands; Normanni) were the people who, in the 10th and 11th centuries, gave their name to Normandy, a region in France.
Nostalgie is a popular French radio station broadcasting on FM, mostly playing pre-2000s songs with 68% of them come from the 1980s.
Notre-Dame de Paris (meaning "Our Lady of Paris"), also known as Notre-Dame Cathedral or simply Notre-Dame, is a medieval Catholic cathedral on the Île de la Cité in the fourth arrondissement of Paris, France.
The novitiate, also called the noviciate, is the period of training and preparation that a novice (or prospective) monastic, apostolic, or member of a religious institute undergoes prior to taking vows in order to discern whether he or she is called to vowed religious life.
Noyon (Noviomagus Veromanduorum, Noviomagus of the Veromandui) is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.
NRJ (NRJ is an acronym read as énergie in French, pronounced) is a private French radio station created by Jean-Paul Baudecroux and Max Guazzini in June 1981 and belongs to the NRJ Group.
Nuit Blanche (White Night) is an annual all-night or night-time arts festival.
Nursing is a profession within the health care sector focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life.
Objections to evolution have been raised since evolutionary ideas came to prominence in the 19th century.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
Odette Sansom Hallowes (28 April 1912 – 13 March 1995), also known as Odette Sansom and Odette Churchill, was an Allied intelligence officer during the Second World War.
Oise is a department in the north of France.
Olivier Jean Blanchard (born December 27, 1948) is a French economist, professor and Senior Fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics.
Olivier Jardé (born March 28, 1953 in Courbevoie, Hauts-de-Seine) is a member of the National Assembly of France.
Joffrey Boulanger (born 18 August 1989), better known by his stage name Olympe, is a French singer originating from Amiens, France.
Weightlifting, also called '''Olympic-style weightlifting''', or Olympic weightlifting, is an athletic discipline in the modern Olympic programme in which the athlete attempts a maximum-weight single lift of a barbell loaded with weight plates.
Operation Jericho was a low-level Second World War bombing raid on 18 February 1944, by Allied aircraft on Amiens Prison in German-occupied France.
An optical fiber or optical fibre is a flexible, transparent fiber made by drawing glass (silica) or plastic to a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair.
In heraldry, or (French for "gold") is the tincture of gold and, together with argent (silver), belongs to the class of light tinctures called "metals", or light colours.
Orange S.A., formerly France Télécom S.A., is a French multinational telecommunications corporation.
The Outreau trial was a 2004 criminal trial in northern France on various counts of sexual abuse against children.
Pablo Ruiz Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France.
Pal Benko (Benkő Pál; born July 14, 1928) is a Hungarian–American chess grandmaster, author, and composer of endgame studies and chess problems.
The Panthéon (pantheon, from Greek πάνθειον (ἱερόν) '(temple) to all the gods') is a building in the Latin Quarter in Paris, France.
The Paris Basin is one of the major geological regions of France having developed since the Triassic on a basement formed by the Variscan orogeny.
The railway from Paris to Lille is an important French 251-kilometre long railway line, that connects Paris to the northern French city Lille.
Park and ride (or incentive parking) facilities are parking lots with public transport connections that allow commuters and other people heading to city centres to leave their vehicles and transfer to a bus, rail system (rapid transit, light rail, or commuter rail), or carpool for the remainder of the journey.
The Parthenon (Παρθενών; Παρθενώνας, Parthenónas) is a former temple, on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron.
Pascal Demarthe (born 29 January 1960) is a French politician.
Pascale Boistard (born 4 January 1971) is a French politician and current State Secretary for Women's Rights.
Paul Charles Édouard Bertrand (10 July 1879, Loos-lez-Lille – 24 February 1944, Paris) was a French paleobotanist.
Paul Charles Joseph Bourget (2 September 185225 December 1935) was a French novelist and critic.
Paul Chemetov (born 10 october 1928) is a French architect and urbanist.
Paul Gillon (11 May 1926 – 21 May 2011) was a French comics artist.
Paul Tournon (b. 19 February 1881 - 22 December 1964) was a French architect.
Pedestrian zones (also known as auto-free zones and car-free zones, and as pedestrian precincts in British English) are areas of a city or town reserved for pedestrian-only use and in which most or all automobile traffic may be prohibited.
Peter the Hermit (also known as Cucupeter, Little Peter or Peter of Amiens; 1050 – 8 July 1115) was a priest of Amiens and a key figure during the First Crusade.
Pharmacists, also known as chemists (Commonwealth English) or druggists (North American and, archaically, Commonwealth English), are health professionals who practice in pharmacy, the field of health sciences focusing on safe and effective medication use.
In Greek mythology, Pheme (Greek: Φήμη, Roman equivalent: Fama), also known as Ossa, was the personification of fame and renown, her favour being notability, her wrath being scandalous rumors.
Philately is the study of stamps and postal history and other related items.
Philippe Gaumont (22 February 1973 – 17 May 2013) was a French professional road racing cyclist.
Philippe François Marie Leclerc de Hauteclocque (22 November 1902 – 28 November 1947) was a French general during the Second World War.
Philippe Pinchemel (10 June 1923 – 16 March 2008) was a French geographer.
Philology is the study of language in oral and written historical sources; it is a combination of literary criticism, history, and linguistics.
Physical therapy (PT), also known as physiotherapy, is one of the allied health professions that, by using mechanical force and movements (bio-mechanics or kinesiology), manual therapy, exercise therapy, and electrotherapy, remediates impairments and promotes mobility and function.
A physicist is a scientist who has specialized knowledge in the field of physics, which encompasses the interactions of matter and energy at all length and time scales in the physical universe.
Picard is a langues d'oïl dialect spoken in the northernmost part of France and southern Belgium.
Picardy (Picardie) is a historical territory and a former administrative region of France.
Pierre Brasseur (22 December 1905 – 16 August 1972), born Pierre-Albert Espinasse, was a French actor.
Charles Pierre Dejean, vicomte (16 February 1807, Paris – 30 July 1872, Paris) was a French general and politician.
Pierre Ambroise François Choderlos de Laclos (18 October 1741 – 5 September 1803) was a French novelist, official, freemason and army general, best known for writing the epistolary novel Les Liaisons dangereuses (Dangerous Liaisons) (1782).
Pierre Dufau (21 June 1908 – 26 September 1985) was a French architect.
Pierre François Marie Auguste Dejean (10 August 1780 – 17 March 1845), was a French entomologist.
Pierre Mankowski (born 5 November 1951) is a French former football striker who later became a coach.
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes (14 December 1824 – 24 October 1898) was a French painter best known for his mural painting, who came to be known as 'the painter for France'.
Pierre-Jules Hetzel (January 15, 1814 – March 17, 1886) was a French editor and publisher.
A poetry slam is a competition in which poets perform spoken word poetry.
Pont-de-Metz is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
A postage stamp is a small piece of paper that is purchased and displayed on an item of mail as evidence of payment of postage.
Poulainville is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The French literary style called préciosité (preciousness) arose in the 17th century from the lively conversations and playful word games of les précieuses, the witty and educated intellectual ladies who frequented the salon of Catherine de Vivonne, marquise de Rambouillet; her Chambre bleue (the "blue room" of her hôtel particulier) offered a Parisian refuge from the dangerous political factionalism and coarse manners of the royal court during the minority of Louis XIV.
A prefect (préfet) in France is the State's representative in a department or region.
A prefecture (préfecture) in France may refer to.
The President of the French Republic (Président de la République française) is the executive head of state of France in the French Fifth Republic.
Princesse Goubo (born 15 April 1991 in Amiens, France) is a professional basketball player.
Private law is that part of a civil law legal system which is part of the jus commune that involves relationships between individuals, such as the law of contracts or torts (as it is called in the common law), and the law of obligations (as it is called in civil legal systems).
The Prix Femina is a French literary prize created in 1904 by 22 writers for the magazine La Vie heureuse (today known as Femina).
The Prix Goncourt (Le prix Goncourt,, The Goncourt Prize) is a prize in French literature, given by the académie Goncourt to the author of "the best and most imaginative prose work of the year".
Procter & Gamble Co. (P&G) is an American multi-national consumer goods corporation headquartered in downtown Cincinnati, Ohio, founded in 1837 by British American William Procter and Irish American James Gamble.
A pure play company is a company that focuses only on a particular product or activity.
Querrieu is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Radio Classique is a French commercial radio created in 1983 that broadcasts mainly classical music.
Radio Data System (RDS) is a communications protocol standard for embedding small amounts of digital information in conventional FM radio broadcasts.
Radio FG (since February 2013, formerly FG DJ Radio) is a French-language radio station that began broadcasting from Paris on 98.2 MHz in the FM band in 1981.
Radio Nova (or simply Nova) is a radio station broadcast from Paris, created in 1981 by Jean-François Bizot.
A radio station is a set of equipment necessary to carry on communication via radio waves.
Rainneville is a commune in the Somme department of Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Raphaël Poulain (b. 16 August 1980, Amiens, Somme) is a former French rugby union player.
Raphaële Billetdoux (born 1951 Paris) is a French novelist.
A ravelin is a triangular fortification or detached outwork, located in front of the innerworks of a fortress (the curtain walls and bastions).
The red panda (Ailurus fulgens), also called the lesser panda, the red bear-cat, and the red cat-bear, is a mammal native to the eastern Himalayas and southwestern China.
The red ruffed lemur (Varecia rubra) is one of two species in the genus Varecia, the ruffed lemurs; the other is the black-and-white ruffed lemur (Varecia variegata).
Regency architecture refers to classical buildings built in Britain during the Regency era in the early 19th century when George IV was Prince Regent, and also to earlier and later buildings following the same style.
A regional language is a language spoken in an area of a sovereign state, whether it be a small area, a federal state or province, or some wider area.
Reims (also spelled Rheims), a city in the Grand Est region of France, lies east-northeast of Paris.
René Goblet (26 November 1828 – 13 September 1905) was a French politician, Prime Minister of France for a period in 1886–1887.
René Lamps (5 November 1915 - 8 May 2007) was a French politician.
Renzo Piano, (born 14 September 1937) is an Italian architect and engineer.
Ricky is a 2009 French fantasy film directed by François Ozon about a human baby who develops a set of functional wings, and how the parents cope with the child's abnormality.
Rire & Chansons (French for "laughter and songs") is a French Category C and D radio station owned by NRJ Group, based at Paris and created in 1981.
Rivery is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
RMC is a private French-Monégasque radio station created in 1943, broadcasting from France with studios in Paris and Monte Carlo.
Robert Marchand (born 26 November 1911) is a French centenarian cyclist.
Robert of Luzarches (born in Luzarches near Pontoise towards the end of the twelfth century) was a 13th-century French architect who worked on the cathedral of Notre Dame in Amiens.
Roberto Sebastián Antonio Matta Echaurren (November 11, 1911 – November 23, 2002), better known as Roberto Matta, was one of Chile's best-known painters and a seminal figure in 20th century abstract expressionist and surrealist art.
Roger Agache (August 16, 1926 – September 17, 2011) was a French archaeologist.
The Roissy–Picardie Link is a planned railway line near Paris.
Rokia Traoré (born January 26, 1974) is a Malian singer, songwriter and guitarist.
Roland Dorgelès (15 June 1885 – 18 March 1973) was a French novelist and a member of the Académie Goncourt.
Roller in-line hockey is a team sport played on a wood, asphalt, cement or sport tile surface, in which players use a hockey stick to shoot a hard plastic hockey puck into their opponent's goal to score points.
Romain Duris (born 28 May 1974) is a French actor, best known for his role in Cédric Klapisch's Spanish Apartment trilogy, which consists of L'Auberge Espagnole (2002), Russian Dolls (2005) and Chinese Puzzle (2013).
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Amiens (Latin: Dioecesis Ambianensis; French: Diocèse d'Amiens) is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in France.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Bayeux and Lisieux (Latin: Dioecesis Baiocensis et Lexoviensis; French: Diocèse de Bayeux et Lisieux) is a diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in France.
Romane Bohringer (born 14 August 1973) is a French actress, film director, screenwriter, and costume designer.
Romanesque art is the art of Europe from approximately 1000 AD to the rise of the Gothic style in the 12th century, or later, depending on region.
Roselyne et les lions (Roselyne and the Lions) is a 1989 French film directed by Jean-Jacques Beineix.
Rouen (Frankish: Rodomo; Rotomagus, Rothomagus) is a city on the River Seine in the north of France.
The Route nationale 1 is a trunk road (nationale) in France between Paris and Calais.
The Route nationale 25 is a motorway in northern France.
The Route nationale 29 is a highway in Normandy and Picardy, north west France.
Rowing, often referred to as crew in the United States, is a sport whose origins reach back to Ancient Egyptian times.
Roye is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
RTL, formerly Radio Luxembourg, is a French commercial radio network owned by the RTL Group.
RTL2 is a private French radio station, based in Paris, created in 1992 and owned by the RTL Group.
Rudy Gobert-Bourgarel (born June 26, 1992) is a French professional basketball player for the Utah Jazz of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.
Rumigny is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Sailing as a sport involves a variety of competitive sailing formats that are sanctioned through various sailing federations and yacht clubs.
Sains-en-Amiénois is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
A saint (also historically known as a hallow) is a person who is recognized as having an exceptional degree of holiness or likeness or closeness to God.
Saint-Acheul is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Saint-Fuscien is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Saint-Gratien is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.
Saint-Quentin is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Saleux is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Salomon van Ruysdael (c. 1602, Naarden – buried November 3, 1670, Haarlem) was a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter.
A salon is a gathering of people under the roof of an inspiring host.
Salouël is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Santa Catarina is a concelho (municipality) of Cape Verde.
Savate, also known as boxe française, savate boxing, French boxing or French footfighting, is a French combat sport that uses the hands and feet as weapons combining elements of English boxing with graceful kicking techniques.
Sōtō Zen or is the largest of the three traditional sects of Zen in Japanese Buddhism (the others being Rinzai and Ōbaku).
Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.
The School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences (École des hautes études en sciences sociales; also known as EHESS) is a French grande école (élite higher-education establishment that operates outside the regulatory framework of the public university system) specialised in the social sciences and often considered as the most prestigious institution for the social sciences in France.
The Second Valls government was the thirty-eighth Government of France.
The Selle (also spelt Celle in the Oise) is a river of Picardy, France.
Seminary, school of theology, theological seminary, Early-Morning Seminary, and divinity school are educational institutions for educating students (sometimes called seminarians) in scripture, theology, generally to prepare them for ordination as clergy, academia, or ministry.
SFR (Société française du radiotéléphone) is a French telecommunications company that provides voice, video, data, and Internet telecommunications and professional services to consumers and businesses.
Siding or wall cladding is the protective material attached to the exterior side of a wall of a house or other building.
The Siege of Amiens was a siege and battle fought during the Franco-Spanish War (1595-1598) (as part of the French Wars of Religion) and the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604) between 13 May and 25 September 1597.
Simon Marmion (born c. 1425 at Amiens, France, died 24 or 25 December 1489, Valenciennes) was a French or Burgundian Early Netherlandish painter of panels and illuminated manuscripts.
Simon Vouet (9 January 1590 – 30 June 1649) was a French painter and draftsman, who today is perhaps best remembered for helping to introduce the Italian Baroque style of painting to France.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Sister My Sister is a 1994 film starring British actresses Julie Walters, Joely Richardson, and Jodhi May.
A skatepark, or skate park, is a purpose-built recreational environment made for skateboarding, BMX, scooter, wheelchair, and aggressive inline skating.
Skyrock is a French radio station based in Paris created in 1986, and is mainly dedicated to mainstream rap music and R&B.
The Socialist Party (Parti socialiste, PS) is a social-democratic political party in France, and the largest party of the French centre-left.
The sociétaires of the Comédie-Française are chosen from among the pensionnaires who have been in the company a year or more.
SANEF, Société des Autoroutes du Nord et de l'Est de la France (Northern and Eastern French Highways Corporation) is a motorway operator company in France.
The Society of Saint Pius X (Fraternitas Sacerdotalis Sancti Pii X; also known as the SSPX or the FSSPX) is an international priestly fraternity founded in 1970 by the French Roman Catholic Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre.
A sole proprietorship, also known as the sole trader or simply a proprietorship, is a type of enterprise that is owned and run by one natural person and in which there is no legal distinction between the owner and the business entity.
A solo performance, sometimes referred to as a one-person show, features a single person telling a story for an audience, typically for the purpose of entertainment.
Somme is a department of France, located in the north of the country and named after the Somme river.
The Somme is a river in Picardy, northern France.
The 1st constituency of Somme is a French legislative constituency in the Somme ''département''.
Son et lumière (French, lit. "sound and light"), or a sound and light show, is a form of nighttime entertainment that is usually presented in an outdoor venue of historic significance.
The Sorbonne is an edifice of the Latin Quarter, in Paris, France, which was the historical house of the former University of Paris.
The South American coati, or ring-tailed coati (Nasua nasua) is a species of coati, members of the raccoon family (Procyonidae), from tropical and subtropical South America.
Athletics is a collection of sporting events that involve competitive running, jumping, throwing, and walking.
Sprinting is running over a short distance in a limited period of time.
Stade de la Licorne is a multi-use stadium in Amiens, France.
The term stained glass can refer to coloured glass as a material or to works created from it.
Stéphane Le Foll (born 3 February 1960) is a French politician for the Socialist Party.
Stella Akakpo (born 28 February 1994 in Villepinte) is a French athlete specialising in the sprinting events.
Street theatre is a form of theatrical performance and presentation in outdoor public spaces without a specific paying audience.
The is one of the largest Japanese keiretsu, or business groups, founded by Masatomo Sumitomo around 1615.
Sylvain Cambreling (born 2 July 1948 in Amiens, France) is a French conductor.
Table tennis, also known as ping-pong, is a sport in which two or four players hit a lightweight ball back and forth across a table using small bats.
The tandem bicycle or twin is a form of bicycle (occasionally a tricycle) designed to be ridden by more than one person.
Tanguy is a 2001 French black comedy by Étienne Chatiliez.
TDF (which stands for Télédiffusion de France officially renamed TDF in 2004) is a French company which provides radio and television transmission services, services for telecommunications operators, and other multimedia services – digitization of content, encoding, storage, etc.
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).
TER Picardie was the regional rail network serving the Picardy region of France.
Tergnier is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The tertiary sector or service sector is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory.
Textile manufacturing is a major industry.
The TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse, "high-speed train") is France's intercity high-speed rail service, operated by the SNCF, the state-owned national rail operator.
The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960.
The Centrists (Les Centristes, LC), formerly known as New Centre (Nouveau Centre, NC) and European Social Liberal Party (Parti Social Libéral Européen, PSLE), is a centre-right political party in France, formed by the members of the Union for French Democracy (UDF) – including 18 of the 29 members of the UDF in the National Assembly) – who did not agree with François Bayrou's decision to found the Democratic Movement (MoDem) and wanted to support the newly elected president Nicolas Sarkozy, continuing the UDF-Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) alliance. The party foundation was announced on 29 May 2007 during a press conference and renamed on 11 December 2016.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), often informally known as the Mormon Church, is a nontrinitarian, Christian restorationist church that is considered by its members to be the restoration of the original church founded by Jesus Christ.
La Rose de Fer (English title: The Iron Rose) is a 1973 horror drama film directed by Jean Rollin.
Thomas Roussel (born November 22, 1985 in Amiens) is a professional French ice hockey defenceman who played at the 2009 IIHF World Championship as a member of the France National men's ice hockey team.
Timber framing and "post-and-beam" construction are traditional methods of building with heavy timbers, creating structures using squared-off and carefully fitted and joined timbers with joints secured by large wooden pegs.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Tony Gatlif (born as Michel Dahmani on 10 September 1948 in Algiers) is a French film director of Romani ethnicity who also works as a screenwriter, composer, actor, and producer.
Toponymy is the study of place names (toponyms), their origins, meanings, use, and typology.
The Tour de France is an annual male multiple stage bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally making passes through nearby countries.
Tour Perret is a 27-storey, residential skyscraper in Amiens, France.
A townhouse, or town house as used in North America, Asia, Australia, South Africa and parts of Europe, is a type of terraced housing.
A transport hub (also transport interchange) is a place where passengers and cargo are exchanged between vehicles or between transport modes.
The Treaty of Amiens (French: la paix d'Amiens) temporarily ended hostilities between the French Republic and Great Britain during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Treaty of Amiens was a 1423 defensive agreement between John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford, Philip II, Duke of Burgundy and Arthur, Earl of Richmond (on behalf of John V, Duke of Brittany), in which the three parties acknowledged Henry VI of England as King of France, and agreed to aid each other against the Valois claimant, Charles VII of France.
A tributary or affluent is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem (or parent) river or a lake.
The tricorne or tricorn is a style of hat that was popular during the 18th century, falling out of style by 1800, though actually not called a "tricorne" until the mid 1800s.
The Tridentine Mass, the 1962 version of which has been officially declared the (authorized) extraordinary form of the Roman Rite of Mass (Extraordinary Form for short), is the Roman Rite Mass which appears in typical editions of the Roman Missal published from 1570 to 1962.
A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram Joyce, J.; King, J. S.; and Newman, A. G. (1986). British Trolleybus Systems, pp. 9, 12. London: Ian Allan Publishing.. or trolleyDunbar, Charles S. (1967). Buses, Trolleys & Trams. Paul Hamlyn Ltd. (UK). Republished 2004 with or 9780753709702.) is an electric bus that draws power from overhead wires (generally suspended from roadside posts) using spring-loaded trolley poles.
TSF Jazz, previously known as TSF 89.9, is a radio station based at Paris (France) created in 1999 and owned by Nova Press.
A tuile is a baked wafer, French in origin, generally arced in shape, wafer thin, crisp, sweet, or savory, that is made most often from dough (but also possibly from cheese), often served as an accompaniment of other dishes.
Tulsa is the second-largest city in the state of Oklahoma and 47th-most populous city in the United States.
The Tuscan order is in effect a simplified Doric order, with un-fluted columns and a simpler entablature with no triglyphs or guttae.
The UCI Track Cycling World Championships are the set of world championship events for the various disciplines and distances in track cycling.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The Union for a Popular Movement (Union pour un mouvement populaire; UMP) was a centre-right political party in France that was one of the two major contemporary political parties in France along with the centre-left Socialist Party (PS).
The Union for French Democracy (Union pour la Démocratie Française, UDF) was a centre-right political party in France.
The Union for the New Republic (L'Union pour la nouvelle République, UNR), was a French political party founded on 1 October 1958 that supported Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle in the 1958 elections.
The Union of Democrats and Independents (Union des démocrates et indépendants, UDI) is a centrist political party in France founded on 18 September 2012 on the basis of the parliamentary group of the same name in the National Assembly.
The Instituts universitaires de technologie or IUT (translated as "University Institutes of Technology") are part of the university system in France.
The University of Paris (Université de Paris), metonymically known as the Sorbonne (one of its buildings), was a university in Paris, France, from around 1150 to 1793, and from 1806 to 1970.
The University of Picardie Jules Verne (French Université de Picardie Jules Verne) is a university located in Amiens, France, and is under the Academy of Amiens.
Urbain Edmond Alfred Charles Wallet (4 July 1899 - 9 December 1973) was a French footballer who played as a defender.
In land use planning, urban open space is open space areas for "parks", "green spaces", and other open areas.
Valeo is a multinational automotive supplier based in France, providing a wide range of products to auto manufacturers and after-markets.
The Prix International de Géographie Vautrin Lud, known in English as the Vautrin Lud Prize, is the highest award in the field of geography.
Vaux-en-Amiénois is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Vélib' was a large-scale public bicycle sharing system in Paris, France.
Vélo'v is a bicycle sharing system run by the city of Lyon, France, in conjunction with the advertising company JCDecaux.
Véronique Silver (September 2, 1931 – July 24, 2010) was a French actress.
Vecquemont is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Velour or velours is a plush, knitted fabric or textile similar to velvet or velveteen.
Vendôme is a town in central France and is a subprefecture of the department of Loir-et-Cher.
Vers-sur-Selle is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Victor-Ferdinand Bourgeois (August 1, 1870 in Amiens – October 6, 1957 in Dieulefit) was a French painter and illustrator.
Villers-Bocage is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Villers-Bretonneux is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Vincent Voiture (24 February 1597 – 26 May 1648), French poet and writer of prose, was the son of a rich wine merchant of Amiens.
Virgin Radio is a French network of FM radio stations dedicated to Rock and Pop music, operating on 250 different frequencies across France.
Vladimir Volkoff (7 November 1932 in Paris – 14 September 2005 in Bourdeilles, Dordogne), was a French writer of Russian extraction.
Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net.
A volute is a spiral, scroll-like ornament that forms the basis of the Ionic order, found in the capital of the Ionic column.
Walking a Tightrope (Les Équilibristes) is a 1991 French drama film written and directed by Nikos Papatakis.
Water jousting is a sport practised principally in France and also Switzerland and Germany.
A water wheel is a machine for converting the energy of flowing or falling water into useful forms of power, often in a watermill.
Wattle and daub is a composite building material used for making walls, in which a woven lattice of wooden strips called wattle is daubed with a sticky material usually made of some combination of wet soil, clay, sand, animal dung and straw.
The weightlifting competition at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal consisted of nine weight classes, all for men only.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
The World Correspondence Chess Championship determines the World Champion in correspondence chess.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yann Gérard M'Vila (born 29 June 1990) is a French professional footballer who currently plays for French club Saint-Étienne.
Yannick Salem is a French-born Congolese former international footballer.
Yohan M'Vila (born 8 October 1988) is a French-born Congolese footballer who plays for French side Union Sportive Liffré Football as a midfielder.
Yolande Moreau (born 27 February 1953) is a Belgian comedian, actress, film director and screenwriter.
Yvert et Tellier is a postage stamp dealer and a philatelic publishing company founded in 1895 in the northern French city of Amiens, where the head office is still located.
Yvetot is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in northern France.
The 1905 French law on the Separation of the Churches and State (French) was passed by the Chamber of Deputies on 9 December 1905.
The 1932 Tour de France was the 26th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 6 to 31 July.
The 1948 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XIV Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event which was held in London, United Kingdom.
The 1962 Tour de France was the 49th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 1964 Tour de France was the 51st edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 1967 Tour de France was the 54th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 1970 Tour de France was the 57th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 1971 Tour de France was the 58th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 1975 Tour de France was the 62nd edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 1979 Tour de France was the 66th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 1993 Tour de France was the 80th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 3 to 25 July.
The 1999 Tour de France was a multiple stage bicycle race held from 3 to 25 July, and the 86th edition of the Tour de France.
The 20 kilometre race walk is an Olympic athletics event that is competed by both men and women.
20 minutes (pronounced vingt minutes) is a free, daily newspaper aimed at commuters in France.
The 2004 Tour de France was a multiple stage bicycle race held from 3 to 25 July, and the 91st edition of the Tour de France.
The 2006 Men's World Ice Hockey Championships was the 70th such event hosted by the International Ice Hockey Federation.
The 2009 World Judo Championships was held in the Ahoy' indoor sporting arena in Rotterdam, the Netherlands on 26 to 30 August.
The 2011 European Judo Championships are the 22nd edition of the European Judo Championships, organised by the European Judo Union, and were held at the Abdi İpekçi Arena in Istanbul, Turkey, from April 21 to April 24, 2011.
The 2013 European Judo Championships were the 24th edition of the European Judo Championships, organised by the European Judo Union, and were held in Budapest, Hungary from April 25 to April 28, 2013.
The 2013 FIFA U-20 World Cup was the nineteenth edition of the U-20 World Cup, since its inception in 1977 as the FIFA World Youth Championship.
The 2014 European Judo Championships were the 25th edition of the European Judo Championships, organised by the European Judo Union, and were held in Montpellier, France from April 24 to April 27, 2014.
The 2015 Tour de France was the 102nd edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
The 50 kilometre race walk is an Olympic athletics event.
The 8th Infantry Division was a French Army formation during World War I, World War II and the Cold War.