103 relations: Alcohol, Alcoholic Korsakoff syndrome, Alcoholism, Anterograde amnesia, Aphasia, Atrophy, Barrow Neurological Institute, Basal ganglia, Benjaman Kyle, Benzodiazepine, Betrayal, Blackout (drug-related amnesia), Brain damage, Brenda Milner, Cerebrovascular disease, Child sexual abuse, Childhood amnesia, Clive Wearing, Concussion, Confabulation, Deficiency of RbAp48 protein and memory loss, Development of the nervous system, Developmental psychology, Diencephalon, Diffusion MRI, Doug Bruce, Drug, Drug-induced amnesia, Effects of alcohol on memory, Electroconvulsive therapy, Emotion and memory, Encephalitis, Epilepsy, Epileptic seizure, Episodic memory, False memory, Flunitrazepam, Fugue state, Functional magnetic resonance imaging, General anaesthesia, Gollin figure test, Head injury, Henry Molaison, Hippocampus, Hyoscine butylbromide, Hypnosis, Hypnotic, Hypoxia (medical), Implicit memory, Ischemia, ..., Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, Kent Cochrane, Lacunar amnesia, Language development, Lesion, Long-term memory, Magnetic resonance imaging, Malnutrition, Massachusetts Medical Society, Medical News Today, Memory, Memory erasure, Mental disorders in film, Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy, Midazolam, Migraine, Neoplasm, Neurology, Nostalgia, Pill reminder, Post-traumatic amnesia, Posthypnotic amnesia, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Premotor cortex, Priming (psychology), Propofol, Pseudorandomness, Psychiatry, Psychogenic amnesia, Psychological trauma, Repressed memory, Retrograde amnesia, Ribot's Law, Scott Bolzan, Sedative, Semantic memory, Semantics, Sexual repression, Short-term memory, Sigmund Freud, Source amnesia, Southern Medical Journal, Stroke, Sywald Skeid, Temporal lobe, Théodule-Armand Ribot, The Journal of Neuroscience, Thiamine, Transient epileptic amnesia, Transient global amnesia, Traumatic brain injury, Wernicke–Korsakoff syndrome, William Beecher Scoville. Expand index (53 more) » « Shrink index
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
Alcoholic Korsakoff syndrome (AKS), Korsakoff syndrome is an amnestic disorder caused by thiamine deficiency associated with prolonged ingestion of alcohol.
Alcoholism, also known as alcohol use disorder (AUD), is a broad term for any drinking of alcohol that results in mental or physical health problems.
Anterograde amnesia is a loss of the ability to create new memories after the event that caused the amnesia, leading to a partial or complete inability to recall the recent past, while long-term memories from before the event remain intact.
Aphasia is an inability to comprehend and formulate language because of damage to specific brain regions.
Atrophy is the partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body.
Barrow Neurological Institute is the world's largest neurological disease treatment and research institution, and is consistently ranked as one of the best neurosurgical training centers in the United States.
The basal ganglia (or basal nuclei) is a group of subcortical nuclei, of varied origin, in the brains of vertebrates including humans, which are situated at the base of the forebrain.
"Benjaman Kyle" was the alias chosen by an American man who has severe dissociative amnesia after he was found without clothing or identification and with injuries next to a dumpster behind a fast food restaurant in Georgia in 2004.
Benzodiazepines (BZD, BZs), sometimes called "benzos", are a class of psychoactive drugs whose core chemical structure is the fusion of a benzene ring and a diazepine ring.
Betrayal is the breaking or violation of a presumptive contract, trust, or confidence that produces moral and psychological conflict within a relationship amongst individuals, between organizations or between individuals and organizations.
A drug-related blackout is a phenomenon caused by the intake of any substance or medication in which short term and long term memory creation is impaired, therefore causing a complete inability to recall the past.
Brain damage or brain injury (BI) is the destruction or degeneration of brain cells.
Brenda Milner, (born July 15, 1918) is a British-Canadian neuropsychologist who has contributed extensively to the research literature on various topics in the field of clinical neuropsychology, sometimes referred to as "the founder of neuropsychology".
Cerebrovascular disease includes a variety of medical conditions that affect the blood vessels of the brain and the cerebral circulation.
Child sexual abuse, also called child molestation, is a form of child abuse in which an adult or older adolescent uses a child for sexual stimulation.
Childhood amnesia, also called infantile amnesia, is the inability of adults to retrieve episodic memories (memories of situations or events) before the age of 2–4 years, as well as the period before age 10 of which adults retain fewer memories than might otherwise be expected given the passage of time.
Clive Wearing (born 11 May 1938) is a British musicologist, conductor, tenor and keyboardist who has chronic anterograde and retrograde amnesia.
Concussion, also known as mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is typically defined as a head injury that temporarily affects brain functioning.
In psychiatry, confabulation (verb: confabulate) is a disturbance of memory, defined as the production of fabricated, distorted, or misinterpreted memories about oneself or the world, without the conscious intention to deceive.
Memory is commonly referred to as the ability to encode, store, retain and subsequently recall information and past experiences in the human brain.
Development of the nervous system refers to the processes that generate, shape, and reshape the nervous system of animals, from the earliest stages of embryogenesis to adulthood.
Developmental psychology is the scientific study of how and why human beings change over the course of their life.
The diencephalon is a division of the forebrain (embryonic prosencephalon), and is situated between the telencephalon and the midbrain (embryonic mesencephalon).
Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI or DW-MRI) is the use of specific MRI sequences as well as software that generates images from the resulting data, that uses the diffusion of water molecules to generate contrast in MR images.
Doug Bruce (born 1967) is an English-American photographer.
A drug is any substance (other than food that provides nutritional support) that, when inhaled, injected, smoked, consumed, absorbed via a patch on the skin, or dissolved under the tongue causes a temporary physiological (and often psychological) change in the body.
Drug-induced amnesia is amnesia caused by drugs.
Ethanol is the type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), formerly known as electroshock therapy, and often referred to as shock treatment, is a psychiatric treatment in which seizures are electrically induced in patients to provide relief from mental disorders.
Emotion can have a powerful effect on humans and animals.
Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain.
Epilepsy is a group of neurological disorders characterized by epileptic seizures.
An epileptic seizure is a brief episode of signs or symptoms due to abnormally excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain.
Episodic memory is the memory of autobiographical events (times, places, associated emotions, and other contextual who, what, when, where, why knowledge) that can be explicitly stated or conjured.
A false memory is a psychological phenomenon where a person recalls something that did not happen.
Flunitrazepam, also known as Rohypnol among other names, is an intermediate acting benzodiazepine used in some countries to treat severe insomnia and in fewer, early in anesthesia.
Dissociative fugue, formerly fugue state or psychogenic fugue, is a dissociative disorderDissociative Fugue (formerly Psychogenic Fugue) and a rare psychiatric disorder characterized by reversible amnesia for personal identity, including the memories, personality, and other identifying characteristics of individuality.
Functional magnetic resonance imaging or functional MRI (fMRI) measures brain activity by detecting changes associated with blood flow.
General anaesthesia or general anesthesia (see spelling differences) is a medically induced coma with loss of protective reflexes, resulting from the administration of one or more general anaesthetic agents.
The Gollin figure test is a psychological test used to assess someone's implicit and explicit memory.
A head injury is any injury that results in trauma to the skull or brain.
Henry Gustav Molaison (February 26, 1926 – December 2, 2008), known widely as H.M., was an American memory disorder patient who had a bilateral medial temporal lobectomy to surgically resect the anterior two thirds of his hippocampi, parahippocampal cortices, entorhinal cortices, piriform cortices, and amygdalae in an attempt to cure his epilepsy.
The hippocampus (named after its resemblance to the seahorse, from the Greek ἱππόκαμπος, "seahorse" from ἵππος hippos, "horse" and κάμπος kampos, "sea monster") is a major component of the brains of humans and other vertebrates.
Hyoscine butylbromide, also known as scopolamine butylbromide and sold under the brandname Buscopan, is a medication used to treat crampy abdominal pain, esophageal spasms, renal colic, and bladder spasms.
Hypnosis is a state of human consciousness involving focused attention and reduced peripheral awareness and an enhanced capacity to respond to suggestion.
Hypnotic (from Greek Hypnos, sleep) or soporific drugs, commonly known as sleeping pills, are a class of psychoactive drugs whose primary function is to induce sleep and to be used in the treatment of insomnia (sleeplessness), or surgical anesthesia.
Hypoxia is a condition in which the body or a region of the body is deprived of adequate oxygen supply at the tissue level.
Implicit memory is one of the two main types of long-term human memory.
Ischemia or ischaemia is a restriction in blood supply to tissues, causing a shortage of oxygen that is needed for cellular metabolism (to keep tissue alive).
The Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal published by the BMJ Group.
Kent Cochrane (August 5, 1951 – March 27, 2014), also known as Patient K.C., was a widely studied Canadian memory disorder patient who has been used as a case study in over 20 neuropsychology papers over the span of the past 25 years.
Lacunar amnesia is the loss of memory about one specific event.
Language development is a process starting early in human life.
A lesion is any abnormal damage or change in the tissue of an organism, usually caused by disease or trauma.
Long-term memory (LTM) is the stage of the Atkinson–Shiffrin memory model where informative knowledge is held indefinitely.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to form pictures of the anatomy and the physiological processes of the body in both health and disease.
Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems.
The Massachusetts Medical Society (MMS) is the oldest, most distinguished and prestigious continuously operating state medical association in the United States and the world.
Medical News Today is a web-based outlet for medical news, targeted to both physicians and the general public.
Memory is the faculty of the mind by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved.
Memory erasure is the selective artificial removal of memories or associations from the mind.
Many films have portrayed mental disorders or used them as backdrops for other themes.
The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy, referred to as The Merck Manual, is the world's best-selling medical textbook, and the oldest continuously published English language medical textbook.
Midazolam, marketed under the trade name Versed, among others, is a medication used for anesthesia, procedural sedation, trouble sleeping, and severe agitation.
A migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe.
Neoplasia is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue.
Neurology (from νεῦρον (neûron), "string, nerve" and the suffix -logia, "study of") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system.
Nostalgia is a sentimentality for the past, typically for a period or place with happy personal associations.
A pill reminder is any device that reminds users to take medications.
Post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) is a state of confusion that occurs immediately following a traumatic brain injury (TBI) in which the injured person is disoriented and unable to remember events that occur after the injury.
Post-hypnotic amnesia is the inability in hypnotic subjects to recall events that took place while under hypnosis.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)Acceptable variants of this term exist; see the Terminology section in this article.
The premotor cortex is an area of motor cortex lying within the frontal lobe of the brain just anterior to the primary motor cortex.
Priming is a technique whereby exposure to one stimulus influences a response to a subsequent stimulus, without conscious guidance or intention.
Propofol, marketed as Diprivan among others, is a short-acting medication that results in a decreased level of consciousness and lack of memory for events.
A pseudorandom process is a process that appears to be random but is not.
Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of mental disorders.
Psychogenic amnesia or dissociative amnesia, is a memory disorder characterized by sudden retrograde episodic memory loss, said to occur for a period of time ranging from hours to years.
Psychological trauma is a type of damage to the mind that occurs as a result of a severely distressing event.
Repressed memories are memories that have been unconsciously blocked due to the memory being associated with a high level of stress or trauma.
Retrograde amnesia (RA) is a loss of memory-access to events that occurred, or information that was learned, before an injury or the onset of a disease.
Ribot's law of retrograde amnesia was hypothesized in 1881 by Théodule Ribot.
Scott Louis Bolzan (born July 25, 1962) is a motivational speaker, author, entrepreneur, former NFL and USFL football player, and the founder and CEO of Legendary Jets in Tempe, Arizona.
A sedative or tranquilliser is a substance that induces sedation by reducing irritability or excitement.
Semantic memory is one of the two types of declarative or explicit memory (our memory of facts or events that is explicitly stored and retrieved).
Semantics (from σημαντικός sēmantikós, "significant") is the linguistic and philosophical study of meaning, in language, programming languages, formal logics, and semiotics.
Sexual repression is a state in which a person is prevented from expressing their own sexuality.
Short-term memory (or "primary" or "active memory") is the capacity for holding, but not manipulating, a small amount of information in mind in an active, readily available state for a short period of time.
Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.
Source amnesia is the inability to remember where, when or how previously learned information has been acquired, while retaining the factual knowledge.
The Southern Medical Journal is a peer-reviewed medical journal, established by Milton Antony.
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
Sywald Skeid (born Ciprian Skeid, and also known by various other names, including Philip Staufen, Georges Lecuit, Keith Ryan, Mike Jones, and Mr. Nobody) (born 1971) is a Romanian-born man who wandered into a hospital emergency department in Toronto, Ontario, Canada on November 28, 1999, seemingly the victim of an attack, and apparently suffering from amnesia.
The temporal lobe is one of the four major lobes of the cerebral cortex in the brain of mammals.
Théodule-Armand Ribot (18 December 1839 – 9 December 1916), French psychologist, was born at Guingamp, and was educated at the Lycée de St Brieuc.
The Journal of Neuroscience is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Society for Neuroscience.
Thiamine, also known as thiamin or vitamin B1, is a vitamin found in food, and manufactured as a dietary supplement and medication.
Transient epileptic amnesia (TEA) is a rare but probably underdiagnosed neurological condition which manifests as relatively brief and generally recurring episodes of amnesia caused by underlying temporal lobe epilepsy.
Transient global amnesia (TGA) is a neurological disorder whose key defining characteristic is a temporary but almost total disruption of short-term memory with a range of problems accessing older memories.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as intracranial injury, occurs when an external force injures the brain.
Wernicke–Korsakoff syndrome (WKS) is the combined presence of Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) and alcoholic Korsakoff syndrome.
William Beecher Scoville (January 13, 1906 – February 25, 1984) was a neurosurgeon at Hartford Hospital.
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