134 relations: Alexander Alekhine, Alexander Beliavsky, Alexander Khalifman, Alexei Shirov, Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, Asteroid, Baguio, Bent Larsen, Blunder (chess), Boa constrictor, Bobby Fischer, Boris Gelfand, Boris Spassky, Bugojno, Candidates Tournament, Caracas, Chess, Chess endgame, Chess libraries, Chess Olympiad, Chess Oscar, ChessBase, Civic Chamber of the Russian Federation, Collier Books, Comparison of top chess players throughout history, David Feldman (philatelist), Dover Publications, Draw (chess), Draw by agreement, Edward Winter (chess historian), Elo rating system, Everyman Chess, Evgeny Bareev, FIDE, FIDE titles, FIDE World Chess Championship 1998, FIDE World Chess Championship 1999, Florencio Campomanes, Garry Kasparov, Gata Kamsky, Glossary of chess, Grandmaster (chess), Groningen, Interzonal, Iodised salt, Jan Timman, Jeff Sonas, Joël Lautier, José Raúl Capablanca, Judit Polgár, ..., Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Kirsan Ilyumzhinov, Lajos Portisch, Larry Christiansen, Las Palmas, Leonid Stein, Lev Polugaevsky, Linares International Chess Tournament, List of FIDE chess world number ones, List of minor planets: 90001–91000, Ljubomir Ljubojević, Lubomir Kavalek, Lyon, Macmillan Publishers, Magnus Carlsen, Merano, Miguel Illescas, Mikhail Botvinnik, Mikhail Tal, Milan, Ministry of Internal Affairs (Russia), Montreal, Moscow State University, My Great Predecessors, New In Chess, Nigel Short, Order "For Merit to the Fatherland", Order of Friendship, Order of Holy Prince Daniel of Moscow, Order of Lenin, Order of Merit (Ukraine), Order of the Red Banner of Labour, Oxford University Press, Pavilion Books, Pearl Spring chess tournament, Pergamon Press, Postage stamps and postal history of Belgium, Postage stamps and postal history of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Quality Chess, Reuben Fine, Robert Hübner, Round-robin tournament, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Sacrifice (chess), Saint Petersburg, Saint Petersburg State University, San Remo 1930 chess tournament, Semyon Furman, Seville, Sicilian Defence, Simon & Schuster, Soviet Union, Sport Express, Stockholm, Supreme Soviet, Susan Polgar, Třinec, The exchange (chess), The Guardian, Tilburg, Ulf Andersson, Ural Mountains, USSR Chess Championship, Valencia, Vasily Smyslov, Vassily Ivanchuk, Veselin Topalov, Viktor Korchnoi, Viktor Kupreichik, Viswanathan Anand, Vladimir Kramnik, Vlastimil Hort, World Chess Championship, World Chess Championship 1984, World Junior Chess Championship, Yasser Seirawan, Zlatoust, 20th Chess Olympiad, 21st Chess Olympiad, 24th Chess Olympiad, 25th Chess Olympiad, 27th Chess Olympiad, 28th Chess Olympiad, 39th Chess Olympiad. Expand index (84 more) » « Shrink index
Alexander Alekhine (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Але́хин, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekhin;; March 24, 1946) was a Russian and French chess player and the fourth World Chess Champion.
Alexander Genrikhovich Beliavsky (also Romanized Belyavsky; born December 17, 1953) is a Soviet, Ukrainian and Slovenian chess grandmaster.
Alexander Valeryevich Khalifman (Алекса́ндр Вале́рьевич Халифма́н; born 18 January 1966) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Alexei Shirov (Aleksejs Širovs;; born 4 July 1972) is a Latvian and Spanish chess grandmaster.
The Crimean peninsula was annexed from Ukraine by the Russian Federation in February–March 2014.
Asteroids are minor planets, especially those of the inner Solar System.
, officially the (Ibaloi: Ciudad ne Bagiw; Siudad ti Baguio; Lungsod ng Baguio) and popularly referred to as Baguio City, is a mountain resort city located in Northern Luzon, Philippines.
Jørgen Bent Larsen (4 March 19359 September 2010) was a Danish chess grandmaster and author.
In chess, a blunder is a very bad move.
The boa constrictor (Boa constrictor), also called the red-tailed boa or the common boa, is a species of large, heavy-bodied snake that is frequently kept and bred in captivity.
Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.
Boris Abramovich Gelfand (Барыс Абрамавіч Гельфанд, Barys Abramavich Hel'fand; Борис Абрамович Гельфанд, Boris Abramovich Gel'fand; בוריס אברמוביץ' גלפנד; born 24 June 1968) is an Israeli chess Grandmaster.
Boris Vasilievich Spassky (Бори́с Васи́льевич Спа́сский; born January 30, 1937) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Bugojno is a town and municipality located in Central Bosnia Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Candidates Tournament is a chess tournament organized by FIDE, chess' international governing body, since 1950, as the final contest to determine the challenger for the World Chess Championship.
Caracas, officially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the capital and centre of the Greater Caracas Area, and the largest city of Venezuela.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
In chess and chess-like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board.
Chess libraries are library collections of books and periodicals on the game of chess.
The Chess Olympiad is a biennial chess tournament in which teams from all over the world compete.
Chess Oscar was an international award given annually to the best chess player.
ChessBase GmbH is a German company that markets chess software, maintains a chess news site, and operates servers for online chess.
The Civic Chamber (In Russian: Общественная палата) is a consultative civil society institution with 168 members created in 2005 in Russia to analyze draft legislation and monitor the activities of the parliament, government and other government bodies of Russia and its Federal Subjects.
Collier Books was a publisher established by the Collier family.
This article presents a number of methodologies that have been suggested for the task of comparing the greatest chess players in history.
David Feldman (born 1947 in Dublin) BA, BBS, RDP(I) is a professional philatelist, auctioneer and author.
Dover Publications, also known as Dover Books, is an American book publisher founded in 1941 by Hayward Cirker and his wife, Blanche.
In chess, a draw is the result of a game ending in a tie.
In chess, a draw by (mutual) agreement is the outcome of a game due to the agreement of both players to a draw.
Edward Winter (born 1955) is an English chess journalist, archivist, historian, collector and author.
The Elo rating system is a method for calculating the relative skill levels of players in zero-sum games such as chess.
Everyman Chess, formerly known as Cadogan Chess, is a major publisher of books and CDs about chess.
Evgeny Ilgizovich Bareev (Евгений Ильгизович Бареев; born 21 November 1966 in Yemanzhelinsk) is a Russian (until 2015) and Canadian (since 2015) chess grandmaster and coach.
The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation is an international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world and acts as the governing body of international chess competition.
The World Chess Federation, FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Échecs), awards several performance-based titles to chess players, up to and including the highly prized Grandmaster title.
The FIDE World Chess Championship 1998 was contested in a match between the FIDE World Champion Anatoly Karpov and the challenger Viswanathan Anand.
The FIDE World Chess Championship 1999 was held at Caesars Palace on the Las Vegas Strip between 31 July and 28 August 1999.
Florencio Campomanes (22 February 1927 – 3 May 2010) was a Filipino political scientist, chess player, and chess organizer.
Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.
Gata Kamsky (Ğata Kamski; Гата Камский; Гата Камский; born June 2, 1974) is an American chess grandmaster, and a five-time U.S. champion.
This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.
The title Grandmaster (GM) is awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.
Groningen (Gronings: Grunnen) is the main municipality as well as the capital city of the eponymous province in the Netherlands.
Interzonal chess tournaments were tournaments organized by the World Chess Federation FIDE from the 1950s to the 1990s.
Iodised salt (also spelled iodized salt) is table salt mixed with a minute amount of various salts of the element iodine.
Jan Timman (born 14 December 1951) is a Dutch chess Grandmaster who was one of the world's leading players from the late 1970s to the early 1990s.
Jeff Sonas is a statistical chess analyst who invented the Chessmetrics system for rating chess players, which is intended as an improvement on the Elo rating system.
Joël Lautier (born 12 April 1973) is a French chess grandmaster and FIDE Senior Trainer (2006).
José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (19 November 1888 – 8 March 1942) was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927.
Judit Polgár (born 23 July 1976) is a Hungarian chess grandmaster.
Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug — Yugra or Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Yugra (Ха́нты-Манси́йский автоно́мный о́круг — Югра́, Khanty-Mansiysky avtonomny okrug – Yugra), is a federal subject of Russia (an autonomous okrug of Tyumen Oblast).
Kirsan Nikolayevich Ilyumzhinov (Кирса́н Никола́евич Илюмжи́нов; Kalmyk: Үлмҗин Кирсән, Ülmcin Kirsən; born April 5, 1962) is a Kalmyk businessman and politician.
Lajos Portisch (born 4 April 1937) is a Hungarian chess Grandmaster, whose positional style earned him the nickname, the "Hungarian Botvinnik".
Larry M. Christiansen (born June 27, 1956) is a chess Grandmaster who grew up in Riverside, California, United States, and was the U.S. champion in 1980, 1983, and 2002.
Las Palmas, officially Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, is a city and capital of Gran Canaria island, in the Canary Islands, on the Atlantic Ocean.
Leonid Zakharovich Stein (Леонид Захарович Штейн; November 12, 1934 – July 4, 1973) was a Soviet chess Grandmaster from Ukraine.
Lev Abramovich Polugaevsky (Лев Абрамович Полугаевский; 20 November 1934 – 30 August 1995) was an International Grandmaster of chess and frequent contender for the World Championship, although he never achieved that title.
The Linares International Chess Tournament (Spanish: Torneo Internacional de Ajedrez Ciudad de Linares) was an annual chess tournament, usually played around the end of February, which takes its name from the city of Linares in the Jaén province of Andalusia, Spain, in which it is held.
A total of seven chess players have been the chess world number one on the official FIDE rating list since it was first published in July 1971.
Ljubomir Ljubojević is a Serbian chess grandmaster.
Lubomir (Lubosh) Kavalek (Lubomír Kaválek, born August 9, 1943) is a Czech-American chess player.
Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.
Macmillan Publishers Ltd (occasionally known as the Macmillan Group) is an international publishing company owned by Holtzbrinck Publishing Group.
Sven Magnus Øen Carlsen (born 30 November 1990) is a Norwegian chess grandmaster and the current World Chess Champion.
Merano or Meran is a town and comune in South Tyrol, northern Italy.
Miguel Illescas Córdoba (born December 3, 1965 in Barcelona) is a Spanish chess grandmaster.
Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (Михаи́л Моисе́евич Ботви́нник,; – May 5, 1995) was a Soviet and Russian International Grandmaster and World Chess Champion for most of 1948 to 1963.
Mikhail Nekhemyevich Tal (Mihails Tāls; Михаил Нехемьевич Таль, Mikhail Nekhem'evich Tal,; sometimes transliterated Mihails Tals or Mihail Tal; 9 November 1936 – 28 June 1992) was a Soviet Latvian chess Grandmaster and the eighth World Chess Champion (from 1960 to 1961).
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
The Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation (MOI, Министерство внутренних дел, МВД, Ministerstvo Vnutrennikh Del, MVD) is the interior ministry of Russia.
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU; Московский государственный университет имени М. В. Ломоносова, often abbreviated МГУ) is a coeducational and public research university located in Moscow, Russia.
My Great Predecessors is a series of chess books written by former World Champion Garry Kasparov et al.
New In Chess (NIC) is a chess magazine that appears eight times a year with chief editors International Grandmaster Jan Timman and Dirk Jan ten Geuzendam.
Nigel David Short (born 1 June 1965) is an English chess grandmaster, chess columnist, chess coach and chess commentator.
The Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" (Орден «За заслуги перед Отечеством», Orden "Za zaslugi pered Otechestvom") is a state decoration of the Russian Federation.
The Order of Friendship (Орден Дружбы, Orden Druzhby) is a state decoration of the Russian Federation established by Boris Yeltsin by presidential decree 442 of March 2, 1994 to reward foreign nationals whose work, deeds and efforts have been aimed at the betterment of relations with the Russian Federation and its people.
The Order of Holy Prince Daniel of Moscow (Russian: Орден святого благоверного князя Даниила Московского) is an award of the Russian Orthodox Church, established in 1978.
The Order of Lenin (Orden Lenina), named after the leader of the Russian October Revolution, was established by the Central Executive Committee on April 6, 1930.
The Order of Merit (Орден «За заслуги») (Distinguished service) first, second or third class, is the Ukrainian award, given to individuals for outstanding achievements in economics, science, culture, military or political spheres of activity.
The Order of the Red Banner of Labour (translit) was an order of the Soviet Union established to honour great deeds and services to the Soviet state and society in the fields of production, science, culture, literature, the arts, education, health, social and other spheres of labour activities.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Pavilion Books Holdings Ltd is an English publishing company based in London.
The Pearl Spring Chess Tournament was a double round robin chess tournament event featuring six super-GM players that took place in Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.
Pergamon Press was an Oxford-based publishing house, founded by Paul Rosbaud and Robert Maxwell, which published scientific and medical books and journals.
Belgium began using national postage stamps on July 8, 1849, when two imperforate stamps, a 10c.
This is a survey of the postage stamps and postal history of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, formerly Zaire and the Belgian Congo.
Quality Chess UK Ltd (known as Quality Chess) is a chess publishing company, founded in 2004 by International Master Ari Ziegler, Grandmaster Jacob Aagaard and Grandmaster John Shaw.
Reuben Fine (October 11, 1914 – March 26, 1993) was an American chess grandmaster, psychologist, university professor, and author of many books on both chess and psychology.
Robert Hübner (born November 6, 1948) is a German chess Grandmaster, chess writer, and papyrologist.
A round-robin tournament (or all-play-all tournament) is a competition in which each contestant meets all other contestants in turn.
The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR or RSFSR; Ru-Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика.ogg), also unofficially known as the Russian Federation, Soviet Russia,Declaration of Rights of the laboring and exploited people, article I or Russia (rɐˈsʲijə; from the Ρωσία Rōsía — Rus'), was an independent state from 1917 to 1922, and afterwards the largest, most populous, and most economically developed union republic of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1991 and then a sovereign part of the Soviet Union with priority of Russian laws over Union-level legislation in 1990 and 1991.
In chess, a sacrifice is a move giving up a piece with the objective of gaining tactical or positional compensation in other forms.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU, Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет, СПбГУ) is a Russian federal state-owned higher education institution based in Saint Petersburg.
San Remo 1930 was the first international chess tournament held in the famous San Remo casino.
Semyon Abramovich Furman (December 1, 1920 – March 17, 1978) was a Soviet chess Grandmaster and trainer.
Seville (Sevilla) is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of Andalusia and the province of Seville, Spain.
The Sicilian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: The Sicilian is the most popular and best-scoring response to White's first move 1.e4.
Simon & Schuster, Inc., a subsidiary of CBS Corporation, is an American publishing company founded in New York City in 1924 by Richard Simon and Max Schuster.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Sport-Express (Спорт-Экспресс) is a Russian daily sports newspaper founded by Vladimir Kuchmiy.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
The Supreme Soviet (Верховный Совет, Verkhóvnyj Sovét, literally "Supreme Council") was the common name for the legislative bodies (parliaments) of the Soviet socialist republics (SSR) in the Soviet Union.
Susan Polgar (born April 19, 1969, as Polgár Zsuzsanna and often known as Zsuzsa Polgár) is a Hungarian-born American chess Grandmaster.
Třinec (Trzynietz) is a town in Frýdek-Místek District, Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic.
The exchange in chess refers to a situation in which one player loses a minor piece (i.e. a bishop or knight) but captures the opponent's rook.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
Tilburg is a city in the Netherlands, in the southern province of North Brabant.
Ulf Andersson (born 27 June 1951) is a leading Swedish chess player.
The Ural Mountains (p), or simply the Urals, are a mountain range that runs approximately from north to south through western Russia, from the coast of the Arctic Ocean to the Ural River and northwestern Kazakhstan.
The USSR Chess Championship was played from 1921 to 1991.
Valencia, officially València, on the east coast of Spain, is the capital of the autonomous community of Valencia and the third-largest city in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona, with around 800,000 inhabitants in the administrative centre.
Vasily Vasilyevich Smyslov (Василий Васильевич Смыслов; 24 March 1921 – 27 March 2010) was a Soviet and Russian chess grandmaster, who was World Chess Champion from 1957 to 1958.
Vassily Mykhaylovych Ivanchuk, also transliterated as Vasyliy or Vasyl (Василь Михайлович Іванчук; born March 18, 1969), is a Ukrainian chess grandmaster and a former World Rapid Chess Champion.
Veselin Aleksandrov Topalov (pronounced; Весели́н Александров Топа́лов; born 15 March 1975) is a Bulgarian chess grandmaster and former FIDE World Chess Champion.
Viktor Lvovich Korchnoi (p; 23 March 1931 – 6 June 2016) was a Soviet (until 1976) and Swiss (since 1994) chess grandmaster and writer.
Viktor Davidovich Kupreichik (Ви́ктор Давыдо́вич Купре́йчик, Віктар Давыдавіч Купрэйчык, Viktar Davydavič Kuprejčyk; 3 July 1949 – 22 May 2017) was a Belarusian chess grandmaster.
Viswanathan "Vishy" Anand (born 11 December 1969) is an Indian chess grandmaster, a former World Chess Champion, and the current World Rapid Chess Champion.
Vladimir Borisovich Kramnik (Влади́мир Бори́сович Кра́мник; born 25 June 1975) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Vlastimil Hort (born 12 January 1944) is a Czechoslovak-born German chess Grandmaster.
The World Chess Championship (sometimes abbreviated as WCC) is played to determine the World Champion in chess.
The World Chess Championship 1984 was a match between challenger Garry Kasparov and defending champion Anatoly Karpov in Moscow from 10 September 1984 to 15 February 1985 for the World Chess Championship title.
The World Junior Chess Championship is an under-20 chess tournament (players must have been under 20 years old on 1 January in the year of competition) organized by the World Chess Federation (FIDE).
Yasser Seirawan (ياسر سيروان; born March 24, 1960) is an American chess grandmaster and four-time United States champion.
Zlatoust (p) is a city in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Ay River (in the Kama basin), west of Chelyabinsk.
The 20th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between September 18 and October 13, 1972, in Skopje, Yugoslavia (present-day Macedonia).
The 21st Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between June 6 and June 30, 1974, in Nice, France.
The 24th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between November 20 and December 6, 1980, in Valletta, Malta.
The 25th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between October 29 and November 16, 1982, in Lucerne, Switzerland.
The 27th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between November 14 and December 2, 1986, in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
The 28th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between November 12 and November 30, 1988, in Thessaloniki, Greece.
The 39th Chess Olympiad, organised by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place from September 19 to October 4, 2010 in Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia.