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Ancient Egyptian mathematics

Index Ancient Egyptian mathematics

Ancient Egyptian mathematics is the mathematics that was developed and used in Ancient Egypt 3000 to c. 300 BC, from the Old Kingdom of Egypt until roughly the beginning of Hellenistic Egypt. [1]

62 relations: Abydos, Egypt, Ahmes, Akhmim wooden tablets, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Egyptian architecture, Ancient Egyptian multiplication, Ancient Egyptian technology, Ancient Egyptian units of measurement, Babylonian mathematics, Berlin Papyrus 6619, Bharath Sriraman, Binary number, Cubit, Deir el-Medina, Dover Publications, Egyptian algebra, Egyptian fraction, Egyptian geometry, Egyptian hieroglyphs, Egyptian Mathematical Leather Roll, Egyptian numerals, False position method, Greek mathematics, Hieratic, History of geometry, Hobble (device), Kahun Papyri, Lahun Mathematical Papyri, Linear equation, List of ancient Egyptian papyri, Mastaba, Mathematics, Mathematics and architecture, Mathematics in medieval Islam, Meidum, Middle Kingdom of Egypt, Moscow Mathematical Papyrus, Multiplication, Narmer Macehead, Nefertiabet, New Kingdom of Egypt, Old Kingdom of Egypt, Ostracon, Papyrus, Papyrus Anastasi I, Prehistoric Egypt, Princeton University Press, Ptolemaic Kingdom, Quadratic equation, Ramesses III, ..., Raymond Clare Archibald, Red auxiliary number, Reisner Papyrus, Rhind Mathematical Papyrus, Roman abacus, Second Intermediate Period of Egypt, Surface area, The Mathematics Enthusiast, Transliteration of Ancient Egyptian, Twelfth Dynasty of Egypt, Volume, Wilbour Papyrus. Expand index (12 more) »

Abydos, Egypt

Abydos (أبيدوس.; Sahidic Ⲉⲃⲱⲧ) is one of the oldest cities of ancient Egypt, and also of the eighth nome in Upper Egypt, of which it was the capital city.

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Ahmes

Ahmes (more accurately Ahmose) was an ancient Egyptian scribe who lived towards the end of the Fifteenth Dynasty (and of the Second Intermediate Period) and the beginning of the Eighteenth Dynasty (and of the New Kingdom).

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Akhmim wooden tablets

The Akhmim wooden tablets or Cairo wooden tablets (Cairo Cat. 25367 and 25368) are two wooden writing tablets dating from ancient Egypt.

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Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.

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Ancient Egyptian architecture

Ancient Egyptian architecture is the architecture of one of the most influential civilizations throughout history, which developed a vast array of diverse structures and great architectural monuments along the Nile, including pyramids and temples.

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Ancient Egyptian multiplication

In mathematics, ancient Egyptian multiplication (also known as Egyptian multiplication, Ethiopian multiplication, Russian multiplication, or peasant multiplication), one of two multiplication methods used by scribes, was a systematic method for multiplying two numbers that does not require the multiplication table, only the ability to multiply and divide by 2, and to add.

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Ancient Egyptian technology

Ancient Egyptian technology describes devices and technologies invented or used in Ancient Egypt.

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Ancient Egyptian units of measurement

The ancient Egyptian units of measurement are those used by the dynasties of ancient Egypt prior to its incorporation in the Roman Empire and general adoption of Roman, Greek, and Byzantine units of measurement.

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Babylonian mathematics

Babylonian mathematics (also known as Assyro-Babylonian mathematics) was any mathematics developed or practiced by the people of Mesopotamia, from the days of the early Sumerians to the fall of Babylon in 539 BC.

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Berlin Papyrus 6619

The Berlin Papyrus 6619, simply called the Berlin Papyrus when the context makes it clear, is an ancient Egyptian papyrus document from the Middle Kingdom, second half of the 12th or 13th dynasty.

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Bharath Sriraman

Bharath Sriraman (born 1971) is an Indian-born mathematician, educator and academic editor, known for his interdisciplinary contributions at the nexus of math-science-arts, theory development in mathematics education, creativity research, and alternative education.

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Binary number

In mathematics and digital electronics, a binary number is a number expressed in the base-2 numeral system or binary numeral system, which uses only two symbols: typically 0 (zero) and 1 (one).

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Cubit

The cubit is an ancient unit of length that had several definitions according to each of the various different cultures that used the unit.

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Deir el-Medina

Deir el-Medina (دير المدينة) is an ancient Egyptian village which was home to the artisans who worked on the tombs in the Valley of the Kings during the 18th to 20th dynasties of the New Kingdom period (ca. 1550–1080 BC)Oakes, p. 110 The settlement's ancient name was "Set Maat" (translated as "The Place of Truth"), and the workmen who lived there were called “Servants in the Place of Truth”.

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Dover Publications

Dover Publications, also known as Dover Books, is an American book publisher founded in 1941 by Hayward Cirker and his wife, Blanche.

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Egyptian algebra

In the history of mathematics, Egyptian algebra, as that term is used in this article, refers to algebra as it was developed and used in Ancient Egypt.

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Egyptian fraction

An Egyptian fraction is a finite sum of distinct unit fractions, such as That is, each fraction in the expression has a numerator equal to 1 and a denominator that is a positive integer, and all the denominators differ from each other.

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Egyptian geometry

Egyptian geometry refers to geometry as it was developed and used in Ancient Egypt.

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Egyptian hieroglyphs

Egyptian hieroglyphs were the formal writing system used in Ancient Egypt.

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Egyptian Mathematical Leather Roll

The Egyptian Mathematical Leather Roll (EMLR) is a 10 × 17 in (25 × 43 cm) leather roll purchased by Alexander Henry Rhind in 1858.

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Egyptian numerals

The system of ancient Egyptian numerals was used in Ancient Egypt from around 3000 BC until the early first millennium AD.

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False position method

False position method and regula falsi method are two early, and still current, names for a very old method for solving an equation in one unknown.

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Greek mathematics

Greek mathematics refers to mathematics texts and advances written in Greek, developed from the 7th century BC to the 4th century AD around the shores of the Eastern Mediterranean.

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Hieratic

Hieratic (priestly) is a cursive writing system used in the provenance of the pharaohs in Egypt.

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History of geometry

Geometry (from the γεωμετρία; geo- "earth", -metron "measurement") arose as the field of knowledge dealing with spatial relationships.

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Hobble (device)

A hobble (also, and perhaps earlier, hopple) or spancel is a device which prevents or limits the locomotion of a human or animal, by tethering one or more legs.

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Kahun Papyri

The Kahun Papyri (KP) (also Petrie Papyri or Lahun Papyri) are a collection of ancient Egyptian texts discussing administrative, mathematical and medical topics.

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Lahun Mathematical Papyri

The Lahun Mathematical Papyri (also known as the Kahun Mathematical Papyri) is an ancient Egyptian mathematical text.

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Linear equation

In mathematics, a linear equation is an equation that may be put in the form where x_1, \ldots, x_n are the variables or unknowns, and c, a_1, \ldots, a_n are coefficients, which are often real numbers, but may be parameters, or even any expression that does not contain the unknowns.

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List of ancient Egyptian papyri

This list of ancient Egyptian papyri includes some of the better known individual papyri written in hieroglyphs, hieratic, demotic or in Greek.

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Mastaba

A mastaba or pr-djt (meaning "house for eternity" or "eternal house" in Ancient Egyptian) is a type of ancient Egyptian tomb in the form of a flat-roofed, rectangular structure with inward sloping sides, constructed out of mud-bricks (from the Nile River).

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Mathematics

Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.

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Mathematics and architecture

Mathematics and architecture are related, since, as with other arts, architects use mathematics for several reasons.

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Mathematics in medieval Islam

Mathematics during the Golden Age of Islam, especially during the 9th and 10th centuries, was built on Greek mathematics (Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonius) and Indian mathematics (Aryabhata, Brahmagupta).

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Meidum

Meidum, Maydum or Maidum (ميدوم) is an archaeological site in Lower Egypt.

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Middle Kingdom of Egypt

The Middle Kingdom of Egypt (also known as The Period of Reunification) is the period in the history of ancient Egypt between circa 2050 BC and 1710 BC, stretching from the reunification of Egypt under the impulse of Mentuhotep II of the Eleventh Dynasty to the end of the Twelfth Dynasty.

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Moscow Mathematical Papyrus

The Moscow Mathematical Papyrus is an ancient Egyptian mathematical papyrus, also called the Golenishchev Mathematical Papyrus, after its first owner outside of Egypt, Egyptologist Vladimir Golenishchev.

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Multiplication

Multiplication (often denoted by the cross symbol "×", by a point "⋅", by juxtaposition, or, on computers, by an asterisk "∗") is one of the four elementary mathematical operations of arithmetic; with the others being addition, subtraction and division.

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Narmer Macehead

The Narmer macehead is an ancient Egyptian decorative stone mace head.

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Nefertiabet

Nefertiabet (nfr.t ỉ3b.t; "Beautiful One of the East") was an ancient Egyptian princess of the 4th dynasty.

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New Kingdom of Egypt

The New Kingdom, also referred to as the Egyptian Empire, is the period in ancient Egyptian history between the 16th century BC and the 11th century BC, covering the 18th, 19th, and 20th dynasties of Egypt.

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Old Kingdom of Egypt

The Old Kingdom, in ancient Egyptian history, is the period in the third millennium (c. 2686–2181 BC) also known as the 'Age of the Pyramids' or 'Age of the Pyramid Builders' as it includes the great 4th Dynasty when King Sneferu perfected the art of pyramid building and the pyramids of Giza were constructed under the kings Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure.

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Ostracon

An ostracon (Greek: ὄστρακον ostrakon, plural ὄστρακα ostraka) is a piece of pottery, usually broken off from a vase or other earthenware vessel.

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Papyrus

Papyrus is a material similar to thick paper that was used in ancient times as a writing surface.

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Papyrus Anastasi I

Papyrus Anastasi I (officially designated papyrus British Museum 10247) is an ancient Egyptian papyrus containing a satirical text used for the training of scribes during the Ramesside Period (i.e. Nineteenth and Twentieth dynasties).

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Prehistoric Egypt

The prehistory of Egypt spans the period from earliest human settlement to the beginning of the Early Dynastic Period of Egypt around 3100 BC, starting with the first Pharaoh, Narmer for some egyptologists, Hor-Aha for others, (also known as Menes).

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Princeton University Press

Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.

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Ptolemaic Kingdom

The Ptolemaic Kingdom (Πτολεμαϊκὴ βασιλεία, Ptolemaïkḕ basileía) was a Hellenistic kingdom based in Egypt.

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Quadratic equation

In algebra, a quadratic equation (from the Latin quadratus for "square") is any equation having the form where represents an unknown, and,, and represent known numbers such that is not equal to.

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Ramesses III

Usermaatre Ramesses III (also written Ramses and Rameses) was the second Pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty in Ancient Egypt.

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Raymond Clare Archibald

Raymond Clare Archibald (7 October 1875 – 26 July 1955) was a prominent Canadian-American mathematician.

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Red auxiliary number

In the study of ancient Egyptian mathematics, red auxiliary numbers were additive numbers that summed to a numerator used in Middle Kingdom arithmetic problems.

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Reisner Papyrus

The Reisner Papyri date to the reign of Senusret I, who was king of Ancient Egypt in the 19th century BCE.

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Rhind Mathematical Papyrus

The Rhind Mathematical Papyrus (RMP; also designated as papyrus British Museum 10057 and pBM 10058) is one of the best known examples of Egyptian mathematics.

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Roman abacus

The Ancient Romans developed the Roman hand abacus, a portable, but less capable, base-10 version of the previous Babylonian abacus.

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Second Intermediate Period of Egypt

The Second Intermediate Period marks a period when Ancient Egypt fell into disarray for a second time, between the end of the Middle Kingdom and the start of the New Kingdom.

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Surface area

The surface area of a solid object is a measure of the total area that the surface of the object occupies.

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The Mathematics Enthusiast

The Mathematics Enthusiast is a triannual peer-reviewed open access academic journal covering undergraduate mathematics, mathematics education, including historical, philosophical, and cross-cultural perspectives on mathematics.

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Transliteration of Ancient Egyptian

In the field of Egyptology, transliteration of Ancient Egyptian is the process of converting (or mapping) texts written in the Egyptian language to alphabetic symbols representing uniliteral hieroglyphs or their hieratic and Demotic counterparts.

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Twelfth Dynasty of Egypt

The Twelfth Dynasty of ancient Egypt (Dynasty XII), is often combined with the Eleventh, Thirteenth and Fourteenth Dynasties under the group title Middle Kingdom.

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Volume

Volume is the quantity of three-dimensional space enclosed by a closed surface, for example, the space that a substance (solid, liquid, gas, or plasma) or shape occupies or contains.

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Wilbour Papyrus

The Wilbour Papyrus is a papyrus purchased by the New York journalist Charles Edwin Wilbour when he visited the island of Elephantine near Aswan in 1893.

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Egyptian math, Egyptian mathematics, Numeration by Hieroglyphics.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Egyptian_mathematics

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