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Animal husbandry

Index Animal husbandry

Animal husbandry is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, or other products. [1]

184 relations: A. A. Milne, Agribusiness, Agriculture, Alpaca, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Rome, Animal fiber, Animal rights, Animal science, Animal welfare, Anthropomorphism, Antibody, Antimicrobial resistance, Antiserum, Aquaculture, Artificial insemination, Aurochs, Bactrian camel, Battery cage, BBC, Beatrix Potter, Berkshire, Biodiversity, Biogas, Biosecurity, Black Sea, Bombyx mori, British Agricultural Revolution, Brucellosis, Cabbage palm, Camel, Caspian Sea, Cattle, Cellulose, Charlotte's Web, Chicken, Children's music, Classical swine fever, Cloven hoof, Columbian Exchange, Common ostrich, Corporate farming, Cow dung, Cricket, Crustacean, Deer, Deforestation of the Amazon rainforest, Desertification, Dick King-Smith, Disease, ..., Dog, Domesday Book, Domestication, Dromedary, Earley, Egg, Elephant, Embryo, Embryo transfer, Emu, English Longhorn, English national identity, Escherichia coli, Ethics, Ethology, Extinction, Family farm, Feedlot, Ferret, Field sports, First Dynasty of Egypt, Fish, Fish hatchery, Foot-and-mouth disease, Genetic diversity, George Fleming (veterinarian), Goat, Greenhouse gas, Guinea pig, Habitat destruction, Hay, Henipavirus, Herbivore, Holstein Friesian cattle, Honey, Honey bee, Horse, Hygiene, Immunosuppression, Infection, Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, Insect farming, Intensive animal farming, Isinglass, James Gillray, John Arbuthnot, John Bull, John Tenniel, Journal of Animal Science, Legume, Leptospirosis, Lincoln sheep, Livestock, Llama, Longevity, Maasai people, Manor, Manure, Meat, Milk, Modern Farmer (magazine), Mollusca, Mongolia, Montane ecosystems, Morus alba, Mycobacterium bovis, National Academy of Sciences, Neolithic Revolution, Nitrous oxide, Nomadic pastoralism, Nubian wild ass, Old MacDonald Had a Farm, Omnivore, Omphisa fuscidentalis, Oyster, Pack animal, Pack hunter, Paddy field, Pastoral, Petting zoo, Physiology, Pig, Pliny the Elder, Polecat, Polled livestock, Poultry, Prawn, Predation, Protein, Pteropus, Quarantine, Rabbit, Rabies, Ranch, Rennet, Reproduction, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, Robert Bakewell (agriculturalist), Ruminantia, Sago palm, Salmon, Scallop, Scrapie, Sea louse, Selective breeding, Sericulture, Shang dynasty, Sheep, Shrimp, Silage, Soil fertility, Subsistence agriculture, Summer, Tallow, The Living Planet, The Sheep-Pig, Tilapia, Transhumance, Trichinosis, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Utilitarianism, Vaccine, Veterinary medicine, Veterinary physician, Water buffalo, Wax, Western United States, Wet season, Wildfire, Wildlife farming, Winnie-the-Pooh, Wool, Working animal, Zoonosis. Expand index (134 more) »

A. A. Milne

Alan Alexander Milne (18 January 1882 – 31 January 1956) was an English author, best known for his books about the teddy bear Winnie-the-Pooh and for various poems.

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Agribusiness is the business of agricultural production.

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Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.

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The Alpaca (Vicugna pacos) is a species of South American camelid, similar to, and often confused with the llama.

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Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.

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Ancient Rome

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.

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Animal fiber

Animal fibers are natural fibers that consist largely of particular proteins.

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Animal rights

Animal rights is the idea in which some, or all, non-human animals are entitled to the possession of their own lives and that their most basic interests—such as the need to avoid suffering—should be afforded the same consideration as similar interests of human beings.

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Animal science

Animal Science (also Animal Bioscience) is described as "studying the biology of animals that are under the control of humankind." It can also be described as the production and management of farm animals.

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Animal welfare

Animal welfare is the well-being of animals.

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Anthropomorphism is the attribution of human traits, emotions, or intentions to non-human entities.

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An antibody (Ab), also known as an immunoglobulin (Ig), is a large, Y-shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to neutralize pathogens such as pathogenic bacteria and viruses.

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Antimicrobial resistance

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR or AR) is the ability of a microbe to resist the effects of medication that once could successfully treat the microbe.

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Antiserum (plural: antisera) is human or nonhuman blood serum containing polyclonal antibodies and is used to pass on passive immunity to many diseases.

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Aquaculture (less commonly spelled aquiculture), also known as aquafarming, is the farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, algae, and other organisms.

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Artificial insemination

Artificial insemination (AI) is the deliberate introduction of sperm into a female's uterus or cervix for the purpose of achieving a pregnancy through in vivo fertilization by means other than sexual intercourse.

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The aurochs (or; pl. aurochs, or rarely aurochsen, aurochses), also known as urus or ure (Bos primigenius), is an extinct species of large wild cattle that inhabited Europe, Asia, and North Africa.

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Bactrian camel

The Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus) is a large, even-toed ungulate native to the steppes of Central Asia.

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Battery cage

Battery cages are a housing system used for various animal production methods, but primarily for egg-laying hens.

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The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.

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Beatrix Potter

Helen Beatrix Potter (British English, North American English also, 28 July 186622 December 1943) was an English writer, illustrator, natural scientist, and conservationist best known for her children's books featuring animals, such as those in The Tale of Peter Rabbit.

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Berkshire (abbreviated Berks, in the 17th century sometimes spelled Barkeshire as it is pronounced) is a county in south east England, west of London and is one of the home counties.

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Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.

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Biogas typically refers to a mixture of different gases produced by the breakdown of organic matter in the absence of oxygen.

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Biosecurity has multiple meanings and is defined differently according to various disciplines.

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Black Sea

The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.

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Bombyx mori

The silkworm is the larva or caterpillar or imago of the domestic silkmoth, Bombyx mori (Latin: "silkworm of the mulberry tree").

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British Agricultural Revolution

The British Agricultural Revolution, or Second Agricultural Revolution, was the unprecedented increase in agricultural production in Britain due to increases in labour and land productivity between the mid-17th and late 19th centuries.

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Brucellosis is a highly contagious zoonosis caused by ingestion of unpasteurized milk or undercooked meat from infected animals, or close contact with their secretions.

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Cabbage palm

Cabbage palm is a common name for several species of palms or palm-like plants.

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A camel is an even-toed ungulate in the genus Camelus that bears distinctive fatty deposits known as "humps" on its back.

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Caspian Sea

The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea.

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Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates.

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Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.

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Charlotte's Web

Charlotte's Web is a children's novel by American author E. B. White and illustrated by Garth Williams; it was published on October 15, 1952, by Harper & Brothers.

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The chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is a type of domesticated fowl, a subspecies of the red junglefowl.

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Children's music

Children's music or kids' music is music composed and performed for children.

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Classical swine fever

Classical swine fever (CSF) or hog cholera (also sometimes called pig plague based on the German word Schweinepest) is a highly contagious disease of swine (Old World and New World pigs).

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Cloven hoof

A cloven hoof, cleft hoof, divided hoof or split hoof is a hoof split into two toes.

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Columbian Exchange

The Columbian Exchange was the widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, and ideas between the Americas and the Old World in the 15th and 16th centuries, related to European colonization and trade following Christopher Columbus's 1492 voyage.

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Common ostrich

The ostrich or common ostrich (Struthio camelus) is either of two species of large flightless birds native to Africa, the only living member(s) of the genus Struthio, which is in the ratite family.

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Corporate farming

Corporate farming is a term used to describe companies that own or influence farms and agricultural practices on a large scale.

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Cow dung

Cow dung, also known as cow pats, cow pies or cow manure, is the waste product of bovine animal species.

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Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).

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Crustaceans (Crustacea) form a large, diverse arthropod taxon which includes such familiar animals as crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, and barnacles.

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Deer (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae.

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Deforestation of the Amazon rainforest

The cattle sector of the Brazilian Amazon, incentivized by the international beef and leather trades,Lucy Siegle (August 9, 2015).

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Desertification is a type of land degradation in which a relatively dry area of land becomes increasingly arid, typically losing its bodies of water as well as vegetation and wildlife.

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Dick King-Smith

Ronald Gordon King-Smith OBE, Hon.MEd (27 March 1922 – 4 January 2011), was a prolific English writer of children's books, primarily using the pen name Dick King-Smith.

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A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.

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The domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris when considered a subspecies of the gray wolf or Canis familiaris when considered a distinct species) is a member of the genus Canis (canines), which forms part of the wolf-like canids, and is the most widely abundant terrestrial carnivore.

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Domesday Book

Domesday Book (or; Latin: Liber de Wintonia "Book of Winchester") is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror.

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Domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and care of another group to secure a more predictable supply of resources from that second group.

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The dromedary, also called the Arabian camel (Camelus dromedarius), is a large, even-toed ungulate with one hump on its back.

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Earley is a town and civil parish in the English county of Berkshire.

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An egg is the organic vessel containing the zygote in which an animal embryo develops until it can survive on its own; at which point the animal hatches.

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Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscidea.

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An embryo is an early stage of development of a multicellular diploid eukaryotic organism.

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Embryo transfer

Embryo transfer refers to a step in the process of assisted reproduction in which embryos are placed into the uterus of a female with the intent to establish a pregnancy.

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The emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) is the second-largest living bird by height, after its ratite relative, the ostrich.

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English Longhorn

English Longhorn cattle are a long-horned brown and white breed of beef cattle originating from Craven, in the north of England.

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English national identity

A national identity of the English as the people or ethnic group native to England developed in the Middle Ages arguably beginning with the unification of the Kingdom of England in the 10th century, but explicitly in the 11th century after the Norman Conquest, when Englishry came to be the status of the subject indigenous population.

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Escherichia coli

Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).

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Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.

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Ethology is the scientific and objective study of animal behaviour, usually with a focus on behaviour under natural conditions, and viewing behaviour as an evolutionarily adaptive trait.

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In biology, extinction is the termination of an organism or of a group of organisms (taxon), normally a species.

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Family farm

A family farm is generally understood to be a farm owned and/or operated by a family; it is sometimes considered to be an estate passed down by inheritance.

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A feedlot or feed yard is a type of animal feeding operation (AFO) which is used in intensive animal farming for finishing livestock, notably beef cattle, but also swine, horses, sheep, turkeys, chickens or ducks, prior to slaughter.

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The ferret (Mustela putorius furo) is the domesticated form of the European polecat, a mammal belonging to the same genus as the weasel, Mustela of the family Mustelidae.

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Field sports

The field sports are outdoor sports, especially hunting, shooting and fishing.

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First Dynasty of Egypt

The First Dynasty of ancient Egypt (Dynasty I) covers the first series of Egyptian kings to rule over a unified Egypt.

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Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.

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Fish hatchery

A fish hatchery is a place for artificial breeding, hatching, and rearing through the early life stages of animals—finfish and shellfish in particular.

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Foot-and-mouth disease

Foot-and-mouth disease or hoof-and-mouth disease (Aphthae epizooticae) is an infectious and sometimes fatal viral disease that affects cloven-hoofed animals, including domestic and wild bovids.

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Genetic diversity

Genetic diversity is the total number of genetic characteristics in the genetic makeup of a species.

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George Fleming (veterinarian)

George Fleming (1833–1901) was a Scottish veterinary surgeon.

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The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe.

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Greenhouse gas

A greenhouse gas is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range.

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Guinea pig

The guinea pig or domestic guinea pig (Cavia porcellus), also known as cavy or domestic cavy, is a species of rodent belonging to the family Caviidae and the genus Cavia.

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Habitat destruction

Habitat destruction is the process in which natural habitat is rendered unable to support the species present.

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Hay is grass, legumes, or other herbaceous plants that have been cut, dried, and stored for use as animal fodder, particularly for grazing animals such as cattle, horses, goats, and sheep.

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Henipavirus is a genus of RNA viruses in the family Paramyxoviridae, order Mononegavirales containing five established species.

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A herbivore is an animal anatomically and physiologically adapted to eating plant material, for example foliage, for the main component of its diet.

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Holstein Friesian cattle

Holstein Friesians (often shortened to Holsteins in North America, while the term Friesians is often used in the UK) are a breed of dairy cattle originating from the Dutch provinces of North Holland and Friesland, and Schleswig-Holstein in Northern Germany and Jutland.

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Honey is a sweet, viscous food substance produced by bees and some related insects.

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Honey bee

A honey bee (or honeybee) is any member of the genus Apis, primarily distinguished by the production and storage of honey and the construction of perennial, colonial nests from wax.

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The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is one of two extant subspecies of ''Equus ferus''.

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Hygiene is a set of practices performed to preserve health.

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Immunosuppression is a reduction of the activation or efficacy of the immune system.

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Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.

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Influenza A virus subtype H5N1

Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, also known as A(H5N1) or simply H5N1, is a subtype of the influenza A virus which can cause illness in humans and many other animal species.

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Insect farming

Insect farming is the practice of raising insects as livestock.

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Intensive animal farming

Intensive animal farming or industrial livestock production, also known as factory farming, is a production approach towards farm animals in order to maximize production output, while minimizing production costs.

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Isinglass is a substance obtained from the dried swim bladders of fish.

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James Gillray

James Gillray (13 August 1756 or 1757 – 1 June 1815) was a British caricaturist and printmaker famous for his etched political and social satires, mainly published between 1792 and 1810.

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John Arbuthnot

John Arbuthnot (baptised 29 April 1667 – 27 February 1735), often known simply as Dr Arbuthnot, was a Scottish physician, satirist and polymath in London.

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John Bull

John Bull is a national personification of the United Kingdom in general and England in particular, especially in political cartoons and similar graphic works.

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John Tenniel

Sir John Tenniel (28 February 1820 – 25 February 1914)Johnson, Lewis (2003).

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Journal of Animal Science

The Journal of Animal Science is a peer-reviewed scientific journal in the field of animal science.

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A legume is a plant or its fruit or seed in the family Fabaceae (or Leguminosae).

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Leptospirosis is an infection caused by corkscrew-shaped bacteria called Leptospira.

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Lincoln sheep

The Lincoln, sometimes called the Lincoln Longwool, is a breed of sheep from England.

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Livestock are domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool.

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The llama (Lama glama) is a domesticated South American camelid, widely used as a meat and pack animal by Andean cultures since the Pre-Columbian era.

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The word "longevity" is sometimes used as a synonym for "life expectancy" in demography.

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Maasai people

Maasai are a Nilotic ethnic group inhabiting central and southern Kenya and northern Tanzania.

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A manor in English law is an estate in land to which is incident the right to hold a court termed court baron, that is to say a manorial court.

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Manure is organic matter, mostly derived from animal feces except in the case of green manure, which can be used as organic fertilizer in agriculture.

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Meat is animal flesh that is eaten as food.

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Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.

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Modern Farmer (magazine)

Founded in April 2013, Modern Farmer is a quarterly American magazine devoted to agriculture and food.

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Mollusca is a large phylum of invertebrate animals whose members are known as molluscs or mollusksThe formerly dominant spelling mollusk is still used in the U.S. — see the reasons given in Gary Rosenberg's.

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Mongolia (Monggol Ulus in Mongolian; in Mongolian Cyrillic) is a landlocked unitary sovereign state in East Asia.

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Montane ecosystems

Montane ecosystems refers to any ecosystem found in mountains.

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Morus alba

Morus alba, known as white mulberry, is a fast-growing, small to medium-sized mulberry tree which grows to 10–20 m tall.

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Mycobacterium bovis

Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) is a slow-growing (16- to 20-hour generation time) aerobic bacterium and the causative agent of tuberculosis in cattle (known as bovine TB).

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National Academy of Sciences

The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a United States nonprofit, non-governmental organization.

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Neolithic Revolution

The Neolithic Revolution, Neolithic Demographic Transition, Agricultural Revolution, or First Agricultural Revolution, was the wide-scale transition of many human cultures during the Neolithic period from a lifestyle of hunting and gathering to one of agriculture and settlement, making an increasingly larger population possible.

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Nitrous oxide

Nitrous oxide, commonly known as laughing gas or nitrous, is a chemical compound, an oxide of nitrogen with the formula.

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Nomadic pastoralism

Nomadic pastoralism is a form of pastoralism when livestock are herded in order to find fresh pastures on which to graze.

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Nubian wild ass

The Nubian wild ass (Equus africanus africanus) is the nominate subspecies of African wild ass, and one of the ancestors of the domestic donkey, which was domesticated about 6,000 years ago.

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Old MacDonald Had a Farm

"Old MacDonald Had a Farm" is a children's song and nursery rhyme about a farmer named MacDonald (sometimes known as "McDonald" or "Macdonald") and the various animals he keeps on his farm.

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Omnivore is a consumption classification for animals that have the capability to obtain chemical energy and nutrients from materials originating from plant and animal origin.

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Omphisa fuscidentalis

Omphisa fuscidentalis, the bamboo worm (and one of the insects called bamboo borer), is a moth of the Crambidae family.

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Oyster is the common name for a number of different families of salt-water bivalve molluscs that live in marine or brackish habitats.

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Pack animal

A pack animal or beast of burden is an individual or type of working animal used by humans as means of transporting materials by attaching them so their weight bears on the animal's back, in contrast to draft animals which pull loads but do not carry them.

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Pack hunter

A pack hunter or social predator is a predator belonging to the animal kingdom which hunts its prey by working together with other members of its species.

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Paddy field

A paddy field is a flooded parcel of arable land used for growing semiaquatic rice.

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A pastoral lifestyle (see pastoralism) is that of shepherds herding livestock around open areas of land according to seasons and the changing availability of water and pasture.

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Petting zoo

A petting zoo (often called, or part of, a "children's zoo") features a combination of domesticated animals and some wild species that are docile enough to touch and feed.

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Physiology is the scientific study of normal mechanisms, and their interactions, which work within a living system.

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A pig is any of the animals in the genus Sus, within the even-toed ungulate family Suidae.

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Pliny the Elder

Pliny the Elder (born Gaius Plinius Secundus, AD 23–79) was a Roman author, naturalist and natural philosopher, a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and friend of emperor Vespasian.

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Polecat is the common name for mammals in the order Carnivora and subfamily Mustelinae.

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Polled livestock

Polled livestock (animals) are livestock without horns in species which are normally horned.

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Poultry are domesticated birds kept by humans for their eggs, their meat or their feathers.

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Prawn is a common name for small aquatic crustaceans with an exoskeleton and ten legs (i.e. a member of the order decapoda), some of which can be eaten.

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Predation is a biological interaction where a predator (a hunting animal) kills and eats its prey (the organism that is attacked).

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Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.

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Bats of the genus Pteropus (suborder Yinpterochiroptera) are among the largest bats in the world.

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A quarantine is used to separate and restrict the movement of people; it is a 'a restraint upon the activities or communication of persons or the transport of goods designed to prevent the spread of disease or pests', for a certain period of time.

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Rabbits are small mammals in the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha (along with the hare and the pika).

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Rabies is a viral disease that causes inflammation of the brain in humans and other mammals.

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A ranch is an area of land, including various structures, given primarily to the practice of ranching, the practice of raising grazing livestock such as cattle or sheep for meat or wool.

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Rennet is a complex set of enzymes produced in the stomachs of ruminant mammals.

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Reproduction (or procreation or breeding) is the biological process by which new individual organisms – "offspring" – are produced from their "parents".

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Rhynchophorus ferrugineus

The palm weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus is one of two species of snout beetle known as the red palm weevil, Asian palm weevil or sago palm weevil.

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Robert Bakewell (agriculturalist)

Robert Bakewell (23 May 1725 – 1 October 1795) was a British agriculturalist, now recognized as one of the most important figures in the British Agricultural Revolution.

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Ruminantia is a taxon within the order Artiodactyla that includes many of the well-known large grazing or browsing mammals: among them cattle, goats, sheep, deer, and antelope.

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Sago palm

Sago palm is a common name for several plants which are used to produce a starchy food known as sago.

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Salmon is the common name for several species of ray-finned fish in the family Salmonidae.

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Scallop is a common name that is primarily applied to any one of numerous species of saltwater clams or marine bivalve mollusks in the taxonomic family Pectinidae, the scallops.

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Scrapie is a fatal, degenerative disease that affects the nervous systems of sheep and goats.

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Sea louse

A sea louse (plural sea lice), often confused with sea fleas, is a member of a family of copepods (small crustaceans) within the order Siphonostomatoida, the Caligidae.

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Selective breeding

Selective breeding (also called artificial selection) is the process by which humans use animal breeding and plant breeding to selectively develop particular phenotypic traits (characteristics) by choosing which typically animal or plant males and females will sexually reproduce and have offspring together.

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Sericulture, or silk farming, is the cultivation of silkworms to produce silk.

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Shang dynasty

The Shang dynasty or Yin dynasty, according to traditional historiography, ruled in the Yellow River valley in the second millennium BC, succeeding the Xia dynasty and followed by the Zhou dynasty.

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Domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are quadrupedal, ruminant mammal typically kept as livestock.

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The term shrimp is used to refer to some decapod crustaceans, although the exact animals covered can vary.

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Silage is fermented, high-moisture stored fodder which can be fed to cattle, sheep and other such ruminants (cud-chewing animals) or used as a biofuel feedstock for anaerobic digesters.

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Soil fertility

Soil fertility refers to the ability of a soil to sustain agricultural plant growth, i.e. to provide plant habitat and result in sustained and consistent yields of high quality.

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Subsistence agriculture

Subsistence agriculture is a self-sufficiency farming system in which the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themselves and their entire families.

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Summer is the hottest of the four temperate seasons, falling after spring and before autumn.

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Tallow is a rendered form of beef or mutton fat, and is primarily made up of triglycerides.

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The Living Planet

The Living Planet: A Portrait of the Earth is a BBC nature documentary series written and presented by David Attenborough, first transmitted in the UK from 19 January 1984.

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The Sheep-Pig

The Sheep-Pig, or Babe, the Gallant Pig in the US, is a children's novel by Dick King-Smith, first published by Gollancz in 1983 with illustrations by Mary Rayner.

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Tilapia is the common name for nearly a hundred species of cichlid fish from the tilapiine cichlid tribe.

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Transhumance is a type of nomadism or pastoralism, a seasonal movement of people with their livestock between fixed summer and winter pastures.

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Trichinosis is a parasitic disease caused by roundworms of the Trichinella type.

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University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology

The University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology—commonly called the Penn Museum—is an archaeology and anthropology museum that is part of the University of Pennsylvania.

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Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that states that the best action is the one that maximizes utility.

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A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease.

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Veterinary medicine

Veterinary medicine is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease, disorder and injury in non-human animals.

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Veterinary physician

A veterinary physician, usually called a vet, which is shortened from veterinarian (American English) or veterinary surgeon (British English), is a professional who practices veterinary medicine by treating diseases, disorders, and injuries in animals.

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Water buffalo

The water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) or domestic Asian water buffalo is a large bovid originating in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and China.

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Waxes are a diverse class of organic compounds that are lipophilic, malleable solids near ambient temperatures.

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Western United States

The Western United States, commonly referred to as the American West, the Far West, or simply the West, traditionally refers to the region comprising the westernmost states of the United States.

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Wet season

The monsoon season, is the time of year when most of a region's average annual rainfall occurs.

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A wildfire or wildland fire is a fire in an area of combustible vegetation that occurs in the countryside or rural area.

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Wildlife farming

Wildlife farming refers to the raising of non-domesticated animals in an agricultural setting to produce whole living animals (to keep as pets) and commodities such as food, traditional medicine and fiber.

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Winnie-the-Pooh, also called Pooh Bear, is a fictional anthropomorphic teddy bear created by English author A. A. Milne.

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Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and other animals, including cashmere and mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, angora from rabbits, and other types of wool from camelids.

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Working animal

A working animal is an animal, usually domesticated, that is kept by humans and trained to perform tasks.

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Zoonoses are infectious diseases that can be transmitted between animals and humans.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animal_husbandry

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