88 relations: Absorbance, Aliasing, Anisotropic filtering, Aquifer, Aspect ratio, Benzene, Bidirectional reflectance distribution function, Big Bang, Bilinear filtering, Birefringence, Brownian motion, Cambridge, Chemical shift, Chloroform, Circular symmetry, Composite material, Computer graphics, Cosmic microwave background, Crust (geology), Crystal, Crystal optics, Deep drawing, Deep reactive-ion etching, Diffusion MRI, Doppler effect, Drainage, Echogenicity, Elasticity (physics), Electrical resistivity and conductivity, Electronics, Feldspar, Filtration, Fluorescence anisotropy, Fluorescence spectroscopy, Formation evaluation, Garnet, Geology, Hydraulic conductivity, Hydrocarbon, Hydrocarbon exploration, Inner core, Irradiance, Isotropy, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Light, Lightning, Liquid crystal, Magnetic anisotropy, Magnetic resonance imaging, Mantle (geology), ..., Microelectromechanical systems, Microfluidics, Mineral, Normal (geometry), Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Optical axis, Optical mineralogy, Physical property, Physicist, Plasma (physics), Plasma globe, Polarization (waves), Polarizer, Quartz, Radiance, Refractive index, Region, Remote sensing, Richard A. Muller, Sand, Sedimentary rock, Seismic anisotropy, Shale, Silicon, Space Sciences Laboratory, Texture (crystalline), Thermal conduction, Transverse isotropy, Trilinear filtering, Ultimate tensile strength, University of California, Berkeley, Velvet, Water well, Wavelength, White matter, Wood, Wood grain, Young's modulus. Expand index (38 more) » « Shrink index
In chemistry, absorbance or decadic absorbance is the common logarithm of the ratio of incident to transmitted radiant power through a material, and spectral absorbance or spectral decadic absorbance is the common logarithm of the ratio of incident to transmitted spectral radiant power through a material.
In signal processing and related disciplines, aliasing is an effect that causes different signals to become indistinguishable (or aliases of one another) when sampled.
In 3D computer graphics, anisotropic filtering (abbreviated AF) is a method of enhancing the image quality of textures on surfaces of computer graphics that are at oblique viewing angles with respect to the camera where the projection of the texture (not the polygon or other primitive on which it is rendered) appears to be non-orthogonal (thus the origin of the word: "an" for not, "iso" for same, and "tropic" from tropism, relating to direction; anisotropic filtering does not filter the same in every direction).
An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, or silt).
The aspect ratio of a geometric shape is the ratio of its sizes in different dimensions.
Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
The bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF; f_(\omega_,\, \omega_)) is a function of four real variables that defines how light is reflected at an opaque surface.
The Big Bang theory is the prevailing cosmological model for the universe from the earliest known periods through its subsequent large-scale evolution.
Bilinear filtering is a texture filtering method used to smooth textures when displayed larger or smaller than they actually are.
Birefringence is the optical property of a material having a refractive index that depends on the polarization and propagation direction of light.
Brownian motion or pedesis (from πήδησις "leaping") is the random motion of particles suspended in a fluid (a liquid or a gas) resulting from their collision with the fast-moving molecules in the fluid.
Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately north of London.
In nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, the chemical shift is the resonant frequency of a nucleus relative to a standard in a magnetic field.
Chloroform, or trichloromethane, is an organic compound with formula CHCl3.
In geometry, circular symmetry is a type of continuous symmetry for a planar object that can be rotated by any arbitrary angle and map onto itself.
A composite material (also called a composition material or shortened to composite, which is the common name) is a material made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties that, when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components.
Computer graphics are pictures and films created using computers.
The cosmic microwave background (CMB, CMBR) is electromagnetic radiation as a remnant from an early stage of the universe in Big Bang cosmology.
In geology, the crust is the outermost solid shell of a rocky planet, dwarf planet, or natural satellite.
A crystal or crystalline solid is a solid material whose constituents (such as atoms, molecules, or ions) are arranged in a highly ordered microscopic structure, forming a crystal lattice that extends in all directions.
Crystal optics is the branch of optics that describes the behaviour of light in anisotropic media, that is, media (such as crystals) in which light behaves differently depending on which direction the light is propagating.
Deep drawing is a sheet metal forming process in which a sheet metal blank is radially drawn into a forming die by the mechanical action of a punch.
Deep reactive-ion etching (DRIE) is a highly anisotropic etch process used to create deep penetration, steep-sided holes and trenches in wafers/substrates, typically with high aspect ratios.
Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI or DW-MRI) is the use of specific MRI sequences as well as software that generates images from the resulting data, that uses the diffusion of water molecules to generate contrast in MR images.
The Doppler effect (or the Doppler shift) is the change in frequency or wavelength of a wave in relation to observer who is moving relative to the wave source.
Drainage is the natural or artificial removal of a surface's water and sub-surface water from an area.
Echogenicity (misspelled sometimes as echogenecity) or echogeneity is the ability to bounce an echo, e.g. return the signal in ultrasound examinations.
In physics, elasticity (from Greek ἐλαστός "ductible") is the ability of a body to resist a distorting influence and to return to its original size and shape when that influence or force is removed.
Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is a fundamental property that quantifies how strongly a given material opposes the flow of electric current.
Electronics is the discipline dealing with the development and application of devices and systems involving the flow of electrons in a vacuum, in gaseous media, and in semiconductors.
Feldspars (KAlSi3O8 – NaAlSi3O8 – CaAl2Si2O8) are a group of rock-forming tectosilicate minerals that make up about 41% of the Earth's continental crust by weight.
Filtration is any of various mechanical, physical or biological operations that separate solids from fluids (liquids or gases) by adding a medium through which only the fluid can pass.
Fluorescence anisotropy or fluorescence polarization is the phenomenon where the light emitted by a fluorophore has unequal intensities along different axes of polarization.
Fluorescence spectroscopy (also known as fluorometry or spectrofluorometry) is a type of electromagnetic spectroscopy that analyzes fluorescence from a sample.
In petroleum exploration and development, formation evaluation is used to determine the ability of a borehole to produce petroleum.
Garnets are a group of silicate minerals that have been used since the Bronze Age as gemstones and abrasives.
Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse") is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time.
Hydraulic conductivity, symbolically represented as K, is a property of vascular plants, soils and rocks, that describes the ease with which a fluid (usually water) can move through pore spaces or fractures.
In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
Hydrocarbon exploration (or oil and gas exploration) is the search by petroleum geologists and geophysicists for hydrocarbon deposits beneath the Earth's surface, such as oil and natural gas.
The Earth's inner core is the Earth's innermost part.
In radiometry, irradiance is the radiant flux (power) received by a surface per unit area.
Isotropy is uniformity in all orientations; it is derived from the Greek isos (ἴσος, "equal") and tropos (τρόπος, "way").
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), commonly referred to as Berkeley Lab, is a United States national laboratory located in the Berkeley Hills near Berkeley, California that conducts scientific research on behalf of the United States Department of Energy (DOE).
Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Lightning is a sudden electrostatic discharge that occurs typically during a thunderstorm.
Liquid crystals (LCs) are matter in a state which has properties between those of conventional liquids and those of solid crystals.
Magnetic anisotropy is the directional dependence of a material's magnetic properties.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to form pictures of the anatomy and the physiological processes of the body in both health and disease.
The mantle is a layer inside a terrestrial planet and some other rocky planetary bodies.
Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS, also written as micro-electro-mechanical, MicroElectroMechanical or microelectronic and microelectromechanical systems and the related micromechatronics) is the technology of microscopic devices, particularly those with moving parts.
Microfluidics deals with the behaviour, precise control and manipulation of fluids that are geometrically constrained to a small, typically sub-millimeter, scale at which capillary penetration governs mass transport.
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound, usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes.
In geometry, a normal is an object such as a line or vector that is perpendicular to a given object.
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, most commonly known as NMR spectroscopy or magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), is a spectroscopic technique to observe local magnetic fields around atomic nuclei.
An optical axis is a line along which there is some degree of rotational symmetry in an optical system such as a camera lens or microscope.
Optical mineralogy is the study of minerals and rocks by measuring their optical properties.
A physical property is any property that is measurable, whose value describes a state of a physical system.
A physicist is a scientist who has specialized knowledge in the field of physics, which encompasses the interactions of matter and energy at all length and time scales in the physical universe.
Plasma (Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek English Lexicon, on Perseus) is one of the four fundamental states of matter, and was first described by chemist Irving Langmuir in the 1920s.
A plasma globe or plasma lamp (also called plasma ball, dome, sphere, tube or orb, depending on shape) is (usually) a clear glass sphere filled with a mixture of various noble gases with a high-voltage electrode in the center of the sphere.
Polarization (also polarisation) is a property applying to transverse waves that specifies the geometrical orientation of the oscillations.
A polarizer or polariser is an optical filter that lets light waves of a specific polarization pass through while blocking light waves of other polarizations.
Quartz is a mineral composed of silicon and oxygen atoms in a continuous framework of SiO4 silicon–oxygen tetrahedra, with each oxygen being shared between two tetrahedra, giving an overall chemical formula of SiO2.
In radiometry, radiance is the radiant flux emitted, reflected, transmitted or received by a given surface, per unit solid angle per unit projected area.
In optics, the refractive index or index of refraction of a material is a dimensionless number that describes how light propagates through that medium.
In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human geography), and the interaction of humanity and the environment (environmental geography).
Remote sensing is the acquisition of information about an object or phenomenon without making physical contact with the object and thus in contrast to on-site observation.
Richard A. Muller (born January 6, 1944) is an American physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley.
Sand is a naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
Sedimentary rocks are types of rock that are formed by the deposition and subsequent cementation of that material at the Earth's surface and within bodies of water.
Seismic anisotropy is a term used in seismology to describe the directional dependence of the velocity of seismic waves in a medium (rock) within the Earth.
Shale is a fine-grained, clastic sedimentary rock composed of mud that is a mix of flakes of clay minerals and tiny fragments (silt-sized particles) of other minerals, especially quartz and calcite.
Silicon is a chemical element with symbol Si and atomic number 14.
The Space Sciences Laboratory (SSL) is an Organized Research Unit of the University of California, Berkeley.
In materials science, texture is the distribution of crystallographic orientations of a polycrystalline sample (it is also part of the geological fabric).
Thermal conduction is the transfer of heat (internal energy) by microscopic collisions of particles and movement of electrons within a body.
A transversely isotropic material is one with physical properties which are symmetric about an axis that is normal to a plane of isotropy.
Trilinear filtering is an extension of the bilinear texture filtering method, which also performs linear interpolation between mipmaps.
Ultimate tensile strength (UTS), often shortened to tensile strength (TS), ultimate strength, or Ftu within equations, is the capacity of a material or structure to withstand loads tending to elongate, as opposed to compressive strength, which withstands loads tending to reduce size.
The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California) is a public research university in Berkeley, California.
Velvet is a type of woven tufted fabric in which the cut threads are evenly distributed, with a short dense pile, giving it a distinctive soft feel.
A water well is an excavation or structure created in the ground by digging, driving, boring, or drilling to access groundwater in underground aquifers.
In physics, the wavelength is the spatial period of a periodic wave—the distance over which the wave's shape repeats.
White matter refers to areas of the central nervous system (CNS) that are mainly made up of myelinated axons, also called tracts.
Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants.
Wood grain is the longitudinal arrangement of wood fibers or the pattern resulting from this.
Young's modulus, also known as the elastic modulus, is a measure of the stiffness of a solid material.