75 relations: Alizarin, Alkali, Aloe emodin, Anthracene, Anthracycline, Antimalarial medication, Aromatic hydrocarbon, BASF, Benzanthrone, Benzene, Benzoquinone, Cancer, Catalysis, Cellulose, Chemotherapy, Condensation reaction, Copper, Dantron, Density functional theory, Diels–Alder reaction, Dye, Emodin, Ethanol, Flow cytometry, Fluorescence microscope, Friedel–Crafts reaction, Functional group, Fungus, Glycerol, Hemicellulose, Hydrogen, Hydrogen peroxide, Insect, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Kappa number, Kea, Ketone, Kraft process, Laxative, Lichen, Lignin, Melanosis coli, Methylene group, Mitoxantrone, Monte Carlo method, Naphthoquinone, Organic compound, Organic reaction, Organic redox reaction, Parietin, ..., Phthalic anhydride, Pigment, Pixantrone, Pulp (paper), Quinone, Radical (chemistry), Redox, Rhamnus purshiana, Rhubarb, Roland Scholl, Rufigallol, Senna (plant), Senna glycoside, Soda pulping, Sodium 2-anthraquinonesulfonate, Solubility, Styrene, Substance abuse, Sulfite process, Sulfuric acid, UGT1A8, Water, 1,3-Butadiene, 2-Ethylanthraquinone, 9,10-Dihydroxyanthracene. Expand index (25 more) » « Shrink index
Alizarin or 1,2-dihydroxyanthraquinone (also known as Mordant Red 11 and Turkey Red) is an organic compound with formula that has been used throughout history as a prominent red dye, principally for dyeing textile fabrics.
In chemistry, an alkali (from Arabic: al-qaly “ashes of the saltwort”) is a basic, ionic salt of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal chemical element.
Aloe emodin (1,3,8-trihydroxyanthraquinone) is an anthraquinone and a variety of emodin present in aloe latex, an exudate from the aloe plant.
Anthracene is a solid polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) of formula C14H10, consisting of three fused benzene rings.
Anthracyclines are a class of drugs used in cancer chemotherapy extracted from Streptomyces bacterium such as Streptomyces peucetius var.
Antimalarial medications, also known as antimalarials, are designed to prevent or cure malaria.
An aromatic hydrocarbon or arene (or sometimes aryl hydrocarbon) is a hydrocarbon with sigma bonds and delocalized pi electrons between carbon atoms forming a circle.
BASF SE is a German chemical company and the largest chemical producer in the world.
Benzanthrone (BZA) is an aromatic hydrocarbon derivate used as a dyestuff intermediate for anthraquinone-based dyes.
Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
Benzoquinone (C6H4O2) is a quinone with a single benzene ring, of which there are only two.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.
Chemotherapy (often abbreviated to chemo and sometimes CTX or CTx) is a type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapeutic agents) as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen.
A condensation reaction is a class of an organic addition reaction that proceeds in a step-wise fashion to produce the addition product, usually in equilibrium, and a water molecule (hence named condensation).
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
Dantron (INN), also known as chrysazin or 1,8-dihydroxyanthraquinone, is an organic substance, formally derived from anthraquinone by the replacement of two hydrogen atoms by hydroxyl groups (–OH).
Density functional theory (DFT) is a computational quantum mechanical modelling method used in physics, chemistry and materials science to investigate the electronic structure (principally the ground state) of many-body systems, in particular atoms, molecules, and the condensed phases.
The Diels–Alder reaction is an organic chemical reaction (specifically, a cycloaddition) between a conjugated diene and a substituted alkene, commonly termed the dienophile, to form a substituted cyclohexene derivative.
A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.
Emodin (6-methyl-1,3,8-trihydroxyanthraquinone) is a chemical compound that can be isolated from rhubarb, buckthorn, and Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica syn. Polygonum cuspidatum).
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
In biotechnology, flow cytometry is a laser- or impedance-based, biophysical technology employed in cell counting, cell sorting, biomarker detection and protein engineering, by suspending cells in a stream of fluid and passing them through an electronic detection apparatus.
A fluorescence microscope is an optical microscope that uses fluorescence and phosphorescence instead of, or in addition to, reflection and absorption to study properties of organic or inorganic substances.
The Friedel–Crafts reactions are a set of reactions developed by Charles Friedel and James Crafts in 1877 to attach substituents to an aromatic ring.
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
Glycerol (also called glycerine or glycerin; see spelling differences) is a simple polyol compound.
A hemicellulose (also known as polyose) is any of several heteropolymers (matrix polysaccharides), such as arabinoxylans, present along with cellulose in almost all plant cell walls.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical compound with the formula.
Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum.
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is an international federation of National Adhering Organizations that represents chemists in individual countries.
The Kappa number is an indication of the residual lignin content or bleachability of wood pulp by a standardised analysis method.
The kea (Nestor notabilis) is a large species of parrot in the family Nestoridae found in forested and alpine regions of the South Island of New Zealand.
In chemistry, a ketone (alkanone) is an organic compound with the structure RC(.
The kraft process (also known as kraft pulping or sulfate process) is a process for conversion of wood into wood pulp, which consists of almost pure cellulose fibers, the main component of paper.
Laxatives, purgatives, or aperients are substances that loosen stools and increase bowel movements.
A lichen is a composite organism that arises from algae or cyanobacteria living among filaments of multiple fungi in a symbiotic relationship.
Lignin is a class of complex organic polymers that form important structural materials in the support tissues of vascular plants and some algae. Lignins are particularly important in the formation of cell walls, especially in wood and bark, because they lend rigidity and do not rot easily. Chemically, lignins are cross-linked phenolic polymers.
Melanosis coli, also pseudomelanosis coli, is a disorder of pigmentation of the wall of the colon, often identified at the time of colonoscopy.
In organic chemistry, a methylene group is any part of a molecule that consists of two hydrogen atoms bound to a carbon atom, which is connected to the remainder of the molecule by a double bond.
Mitoxantrone (INN, BAN, USAN; also known as Mitozantrone in Australia; trade name Novantrone) is an anthracenedione antineoplastic agent.
Monte Carlo methods (or Monte Carlo experiments) are a broad class of computational algorithms that rely on repeated random sampling to obtain numerical results.
Naphthoquinone is a class of organic compounds structurally related to naphthalene.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Organic reactions are chemical reactions involving organic compounds.
Organic reductions or organic oxidations or organic redox reactions are redox reactions that take place with organic compounds.
Parietin is the predominant cortical pigment of lichens in the genus Caloplaca, a secondary product of the lichen Xanthoria parietina, and a pigment found in the roots of Curled Dock (Rumex crispus).
Phthalic anhydride is the organic compound with the formula C6H4(CO)2O.
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.
Pixantrone (rINN; trade name Pixuvri) is an experimental antineoplastic (anti-cancer) drug, an analogue of mitoxantrone with fewer toxic effects on cardiac tissue.
Pulp is a lignocellulosic fibrous material prepared by chemically or mechanically separating cellulose fibres from wood, fiber crops, waste paper, or rags.
The quinones are a class of organic compounds that are formally "derived from aromatic compounds by conversion of an even number of –CH.
In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has an unpaired valence electron.
Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.
Rhamnus purshiana (cascara buckthorn, cascara, bearberry, and in the Chinook Jargon, chittem and chitticum; syn. Frangula purshiana, Rhamnus purshianus) is a species of buckthorn native to western North America from southern British Columbia south to central California, and eastward to northwestern Montana.
Rhubarb (Rheum rhabarbarum) is a species of plant in the family Polygonaceae.
Roland Heinrich Scholl (30 September 1865 – 22 August 1945) was a Swiss chemist who taught at various European universities.
Rufigallol or 1,2,3,5,6,7-hexahydroxy-9,10-anthraquinone is an organic compound with formula, which can be viewed as a derivative of anthraquinone through the replacement of six hydrogen atoms (H) by hydroxyl groups (OH).
Senna (from Arabic sanā), the sennas, is a large genus of flowering plants in the legume family Fabaceae, and the subfamily Caesalpinioideae.
Senna glycoside, also known as sennoside or senna, is a medication used to treat constipation and empty the large intestine before surgery.
Soda pulping is a chemical process for making wood pulp with sodium hydroxide as the cooking chemical.
Sodium 2-anthraquinonesulfonate (AMS) is a water-soluble anthraquinone derivative.
Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid or gaseous solvent.
Styrene, also known as ethenylbenzene, vinylbenzene, and phenylethene, is an organic compound with the chemical formula C6H5CH.
Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a drug in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others, and is a form of substance-related disorder.
The sulfite process produces wood pulp which is almost pure cellulose fibers by using various salts of sulfurous acid to extract the lignin from wood chips in large pressure vessels called digesters.
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-8 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the UGT1A8 gene.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
1,3-Butadiene is the organic compound with the formula (CH2.
2-Ethylanthraquinone is an organic compound that is a derivative of anthraquinone.
9,10-Dihydroxyanthracene is the hydroquinone form of 9,10-anthraquinone (AQ) and is formed when AQ is used as a redox catalyst in various industrial processes.
9,10-anthrachinon, 9,10-anthraquinone, 9,10-dihydro-9,10-dioxoanthracene, Anthracene-9,10-quinone, Anthracenedione, Anthrachinon, Anthradione, Anthranoids, Anthraquinone Dye, Anthraquinone drugs, Anthraquinone dye, Anthraquinone dyes, Anthraquinonic, Anthroquinone, Bally-Scholl synthesis, Bally–Scholl synthesis, Corbit, Dioxoanthracene.