289 relations: A. A. Milne, Abraham ben David, Abstraction, Aesop, Aesop's Fables, Agency (sociology), Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Almada, Anansi, Ancient Greek, Anemoi, Aniconism, Animal Farm, Anime, Animism, Ant, Anthropic principle, Anthropocentrism, Anthropologist, Anthropology, Anthropomorphic maps, Anthropopathism, Anthropotheism, Apollo, Apollonius of Tyana, Archaeology, Arpeggio of Blue Steel, Art, Attribution (psychology), Audianism, Autism, Bagheera, Baloo, Beatrix Potter, Behavior, Behavioral modernity, Beit She'arim National Park, Bhagavad Gita, Biker Mice from Mars, Biology, Birutė Galdikas, Book of Genesis, Bowser (character), Brian Griffin, Briony Fer, Bruce Fogle, Bugs Bunny, C. S. Lewis, Carlo Collodi, Cars (film), ..., Cars 2, Cars 3, Cat, Cave of the Trois-Frères, Charles Darwin, Charles Perrault, Chatham House, Chicago, Children's literature, Chimpanzee, Chivalric romance, Christianity, Claes Oldenburg, Clement of Alexandria, Clifford Nass, Cognitive bias, Comic book, Comic Book Resources, Concept, Convergent evolution, Corporation, Cupid and Psyche, Daffy Duck, Dario Floreano, Democratic Party (United States), Dian Fossey, Doctor Dolittle, Donald Duck, Donald O. Hebb, Edward Feigenbaum, Egocentrism, Elf, Emotion, Emotion in animals, Emotional support animal, Empathy, Empirical research, Encyclopædia Britannica Online, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., Energizer Bunny, Eric Carle, Ethology, Eva Hesse, Fable, Fairy tale, Family Guy, Fantasy, Figurine, Frans de Waal, French language, Fritz Heider, Funabashi, Chiba, Funassyi, Funny animal, Furry fandom, Genre, George Orwell, Goblin, God the Father, Goofy, Gorilla, Great ape language, Great chain of being, Greek mythology, Grimms' Fairy Tales, HarperCollins, Hasmonean dynasty, Hatred, Hellblazer, Heresy, Hesiod, Hetalia: Axis Powers, Hindu, Hominidae, Howard Gardner, Human, Human–animal hybrid, Humanoid, Icon, Individual, Islamic Golden Age, Ivan Pavlov, Ivory, J. R. R. Tolkien, Jack of Fables, Jane Goodall, Jataka tales, Jealousy, John Rowe Townsend, Josephus, Julia Donaldson, Juvenile fantasy, Kantai Collection, Kenneth Grahame, Konrad Lorenz, Krishna, Kumamon, Kumamoto Prefecture, Lapine language, Lewis Carroll, Lion-man, List of best-selling books, List of Disney's Aladdin characters, List of domesticated animals, List of narrative techniques, List of natural phenomena, List of Olympic mascots, Locomotive, Loneliness, Looney Tunes, Louise Bourgeois, Lucy R. Lippard, Maimonides, Major depressive disorder, Manga, Marianne Simmel, Mascot, Mental disorder, Merchandising, Michael Fried, Michelin Man, Mickey Mouse, Mind, Minimalism, Modularity of mind, Moe anthropomorphism, Mowgli, Murti, Myth, Mythology, Nation, National personification, Natural history, Need for cognition, Neil Gaiman, Neurochemical, Objectivity (science), Office Assistant, Orangutan, Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, Panchatantra, Pareidolia, Pathetic fallacy, Patron saint, People of Ethiopia, Personification in the Bible, Phenomenon, Philo, Picture book, Planes (film), Planes: Fire & Rescue, Police state, Pop art, Porky Pig, Pound sterling, Prehistory, Promotional merchandise, Prosopopoeia, Psychology, Public relations, Pyrus pyrifolia, Rabbi, Richard Adams, Roger Caillois, Ronald Lockley, Ronald McDonald, Rudyard Kipling, San Diego Chicken, Season, Selfhood, Seymore D. Fair, Smaug, Social anxiety, Sonic the Hedgehog (1991 video game), Speciesism, Squid Girl, Standard cross-cultural sample, Stereotypes of animals, Steven Mithen, Super Mario Bros., SWAT Kats: The Radical Squadron, Taboo, Tale of Two Brothers, Talking animals in fiction, Team sport, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, The Adventures of Pinocchio, The Chronicles of Narnia, The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, The Encyclopedia of Fantasy, The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals, The Gruffalo, The Guardian, The Hawk and the Nightingale, The Hobbit, The House at Pooh Corner, The Jungle Book, The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, The Lord of the Rings, The Matrix, The New York Review of Books, The Plague Dogs, The Sandman (Vertigo), The Sorcerer (cave art), The Tale of Peter Rabbit, The Trimates, The Very Hungry Caterpillar, The Wind in the Willows, TheGuardian.com, Theomorphism, Theory of mind, Theory of multiple intelligences, Thomas the Tank Engine, Thracians, Tokyo, Traveller (novel), Trickster, Uncertainty avoidance, Upotte!!, Upper Paleolithic, Victoria and Albert Museum, Walt Disney, Walt Disney Animation Studios, Watership Down, Weather, Wilbert Awdry, William Morton Wheeler, Winnie-the-Pooh (book), Wired (magazine), Wisdom, Works and Days, World's fair, Xenophanes, Yoshi, Youngme Moon, Yuru-chara, Zeus, Zoomorphism, Zootopia. Expand index (239 more) » « Shrink index
Alan Alexander Milne (18 January 1882 – 31 January 1956) was an English author, best known for his books about the teddy bear Winnie-the-Pooh and for various poems.
Abraham ben David (– 27 November 1198), also known by the abbreviation RABaD (for Rabbeinu Abraham ben David) Ravad or RABaD III, was a Provençal rabbi, a great commentator on the Talmud, Sefer Halachot of Rabbi Yitzhak Alfasi and Mishne Torah of Maimonides, and is regarded as a father of Kabbalah and one of the key and important links in the chain of Jewish mystics.
Abstraction in its main sense is a conceptual process where general rules and concepts are derived from the usage and classification of specific examples, literal ("real" or "concrete") signifiers, first principles, or other methods.
Aesop (Αἴσωπος,; c. 620 – 564 BCE) was a Greek fabulist and storyteller credited with a number of fables now collectively known as Aesop's Fables.
Aesop's Fables, or the Aesopica, is a collection of fables credited to Aesop, a slave and storyteller believed to have lived in ancient Greece between 620 and 564 BCE.
In social science, agency is the capacity of individuals to act independently and to make their own free choices.
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (commonly shortened to Alice in Wonderland) is an 1865 novel written by English author Charles Lutwidge Dodgson under the pseudonym Lewis Carroll.
Almada is a city and a municipality in Portugal, located on the southern margin of the Tagus River, on the opposite side of the river from Lisbon.
Anansi is an Akan folktale character.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
In ancient Greek religion and myth, the Anemoi (Greek: Ἄνεμοι, "Winds") were wind gods who were each ascribed a cardinal direction from which their respective winds came (see Classical compass winds), and were each associated with various seasons and weather conditions.
Aniconism is the absence of material representations of the natural and supernatural world in various cultures, particularly in the monotheistic Abrahamic religions.
Animal Farm is an allegorical novella by George Orwell, first published in England on 17 August 1945.
Anime is a style of hand-drawn and computer animation originating in, and commonly associated with, Japan.
Animism (from Latin anima, "breath, spirit, life") is the religious belief that objects, places and creatures all possess a distinct spiritual essence.
Ants are eusocial insects of the family Formicidae and, along with the related wasps and bees, belong to the order Hymenoptera.
The anthropic principle is a philosophical consideration that observations of the universe must be compatible with the conscious and sapient life that observes it.
Anthropocentrism (from Greek ἄνθρωπος, ánthrōpos, "human being"; and κέντρον, kéntron, "center") is the belief that human beings are the most significant entity of the universe.
An anthropologist is a person engaged in the practice of anthropology.
Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.
Anthropomorphic maps are maps that use anthropomorphic images.
Anthropopathism (from Greek ἄνθρωπος anthropos, "human" and πάθος pathos, "suffering") is the attribution of human emotions, or the ascription of human feelings or passions to a non-human being, generally to a deity.
Anthropotheism is ascribing human form and nature to gods, or the belief that gods are deified human beings.
Apollo (Attic, Ionic, and Homeric Greek: Ἀπόλλων, Apollōn (Ἀπόλλωνος); Doric: Ἀπέλλων, Apellōn; Arcadocypriot: Ἀπείλων, Apeilōn; Aeolic: Ἄπλουν, Aploun; Apollō) is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology.
Apollonius of Tyana (Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ Τυανεύς; c. 15 – c. 100 AD), sometimes also called Apollonios of Tyana, was a Greek Neopythagorean philosopher from the town of Tyana in the Roman province of Cappadocia in Anatolia.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
is a Japanese manga series produced by Ark Performance and serialized in Shōnen Gahosha's Young King Ours.
Art is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts (artworks), expressing the author's imaginative, conceptual idea, or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power.
Humans are motivated to assign causes to their actions and behaviors.
The Audians or Anthropomorphites were a sect of Christians in the fourth century in Syria and Scythia, named after their founder Audius (or Audaeus), who took literally the text of Genesis, i, 27, that God created mankind in his own image.
Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by troubles with social interaction and communication and by restricted and repetitive behavior.
Bagheera (बघीरा; بگھیرا Baghīrā/Bagīdah) is a fictional character in Rudyard Kipling's Mowgli stories in the Jungle Book (coll. 1894) and the Second Jungle Book (coll. 1895).
Baloo (भालू Bhālū, "bear") is a main fictional character featured in Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book from 1894 and The Second Jungle Book from 1895.
Helen Beatrix Potter (British English, North American English also, 28 July 186622 December 1943) was an English writer, illustrator, natural scientist, and conservationist best known for her children's books featuring animals, such as those in The Tale of Peter Rabbit.
Behavior (American English) or behaviour (Commonwealth English) is the range of actions and mannerisms made by individuals, organisms, systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment.
Behavioral modernity is a suite of behavioral and cognitive traits that distinguishes current Homo sapiens from other anatomically modern humans, hominins, and primates.
Beit She'arim (בֵּית שְׁעָרִים, "House of the Gates") is the currently used name for the ancient Jewish town of Bet She'arāyim ("House of Two Gates") or Kfar She'arāyim ("Village of Two Gates").
The Bhagavad Gita (भगवद्गीता, in IAST,, lit. "The Song of God"), often referred to as the Gita, is a 700 verse Hindu scripture in Sanskrit that is part of the Hindu epic Mahabharata (chapters 23–40 of the 6th book of Mahabharata).
Biker Mice from Mars is a science fiction action animated series created by Rick Ungar that began airing in 1993, in the United States and lasted for three seasons.
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.
Birutė Marija Filomena Galdikas, OC (born 10 May 1946), is a Lithuanian-Canadian anthropologist, primatologist, conservationist, ethologist, and author.
The Book of Genesis (from the Latin Vulgate, in turn borrowed or transliterated from Greek "", meaning "Origin"; בְּרֵאשִׁית, "Bərēšīṯ", "In beginning") is the first book of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) and the Old Testament.
, or King Koopa, is a fictional character and the main antagonist of Nintendo's ''Mario'' franchise.
Brian Griffin is a fictional character from the American animated television series Family Guy.
Briony Fer, FBA is a British art historian, critic, and curator; professor of history of art at University College London.
Bruce Fogle, (born 17 February 1944) is a veterinarian and prolific author of pet care books and travel narratives.
Bugs Bunny is an animated cartoon character, created in the late 1930s by Leon Schlesinger Productions (later Warner Bros. Cartoons) and voiced originally by Mel Blanc.
Clive Staples Lewis (29 November 1898 – 22 November 1963) was a British novelist, poet, academic, medievalist, literary critic, essayist, lay theologian, broadcaster, lecturer, and Christian apologist.
Carlo Lorenzini, better known by the pen name Carlo Collodi (24 November 1826 – 26 October 1890), was an Italian author and journalist, widely known for his world-renowned fairy tale novel The Adventures of Pinocchio.
Cars is a 2006 American computer-animated comedy-adventure film produced by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures.
Cars 2 is a 2011 American computer-animated action-adventure comedy film produced by Pixar Animation Studios for Walt Disney Pictures.
Cars 3 is a 2017 American 3D computer-animated comedy film produced by Pixar and released by Walt Disney Pictures.
The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus or Felis catus) is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal.
The Cave of the Trois-Frères is a cave in southwestern France famous for its cave paintings.
Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.
Charles Perrault (12 January 1628 – 16 May 1703) was a French author and member of the Académie Française.
The Royal Institute of International Affairs, commonly known as Chatham House, is a non-profit, non-governmental organisation based in London whose mission is to analyse and promote the understanding of major international issues and current affairs.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
Children's literature or juvenile literature includes stories, books, magazines, and poems that are enjoyed by children.
The taxonomical genus Pan (often referred to as chimpanzees or chimps) consists of two extant species: the common chimpanzee and the bonobo.
As a literary genre of high culture, romance or chivalric romance is a type of prose and verse narrative that was popular in the aristocratic circles of High Medieval and Early Modern Europe.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Claes Oldenburg (born January 28, 1929) is an American sculptor, best known for his public art installations typically featuring large replicas of everyday objects.
Titus Flavius Clemens, also known as Clement of Alexandria (Κλήμης ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς; c. 150 – c. 215), was a Christian theologian who taught at the Catechetical School of Alexandria.
Clifford Ivar Nass (April 3, 1958 – November 2, 2013) was a professor of communication at Stanford University, co-creator of The Media Equation theory, and a renowned authority on human-computer interaction.
A cognitive bias is a systematic pattern of deviation from norm or rationality in judgment.
A comic book or comicbook, also called comic magazine or simply comic, is a publication that consists of comic art in the form of sequential juxtaposed panels that represent individual scenes.
Comic Book Resources, also known as CBR, is a website dedicated to the coverage of comic book-related news and discussion.
Concepts are mental representations, abstract objects or abilities that make up the fundamental building blocks of thoughts and beliefs.
Convergent evolution is the independent evolution of similar features in species of different lineages.
A corporation is a company or group of people or an organisation authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person) and recognized as such in law.
Cupid and Psyche is a story originally from Metamorphoses (also called The Golden Ass), written in the 2nd century AD by Lucius Apuleius Madaurensis (or Platonicus).
Daffy Duck is an animated cartoon character produced by Warner Bros. Styled as an anthropomorphic black duck, the character has appeared in cartoon series such as Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies, where he usually has been depicted as a foil of Bugs Bunny.
Dario Floreano (San Daniele del Friuli, Italy, 1964) is director of the Laboratory of Intelligent Systems (LIS) at the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne in Switzerland as well as the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) Robotics.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
Dian Fossey (January 16, 1932 – c. December 26, 1985) was an American primatologist and conservationist known for undertaking an extensive study of mountain gorilla groups from 1966 until her death in 1985.
Doctor John Dolittle is the central character of a series of children's books by Hugh Lofting starting with the 1920 The Story of Doctor Dolittle.
Donald Duck is a cartoon character created in 1934 at Walt Disney Productions.
Donald Olding Hebb FRS (July 22, 1904 – August 20, 1985) was a Canadian psychologist who was influential in the area of neuropsychology, where he sought to understand how the function of neurons contributed to psychological processes such as learning.
Edward Albert "Ed" Feigenbaum (born January 20, 1936) is a computer scientist working in the field of artificial intelligence, and joint winner of the 1994 ACM Turing Award.
Egocentrism is the inability to differentiate between self and other.
An elf (plural: elves) is a type of human-shaped supernatural being in Germanic mythology and folklore.
Emotion is any conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a certain degree of pleasure or displeasure.
Charles Darwin was one of the first scientists to write about the existence and nature of emotions in animals.
An emotional support animal (ESA), or simply "support animal", is a companion animal that a medical professional has determined provides benefit for an individual with a disability.
Empathy is the capacity to understand or feel what another person is experiencing from within their frame of reference, i.e., the capacity to place oneself in another's position.
Empirical research is research using empirical evidence.
Encyclopædia Britannica Online is the website of Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. and its Encyclopædia Britannica, with more than 120,000 articles that are updated regularly.
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. is a Scottish-founded, now American company best known for publishing the Encyclopædia Britannica, the world's oldest continuously published encyclopedia.
The Energizer Bunny is the marketing icon and mascot of Energizer batteries in North America.
Eric Carle (born June 25, 1929) is an American designer, illustrator, and writer of children's books.
Ethology is the scientific and objective study of animal behaviour, usually with a focus on behaviour under natural conditions, and viewing behaviour as an evolutionarily adaptive trait.
Eva Hesse (January 11, 1936 – May 29, 1970), was a German-born American sculptor, known for her pioneering work in materials such as latex, fiberglass, and plastics.
Fable is a literary genre: a succinct fictional story, in prose or verse, that features animals, legendary creatures, plants, inanimate objects, or forces of nature that are anthropomorphized (given human qualities, such as the ability to speak human language) and that illustrates or leads to a particular moral lesson (a "moral"), which may at the end be added explicitly as a pithy maxim or saying.
A fairy tale, wonder tale, magic tale, or Märchen is folklore genre that takes the form of a short story that typically features entities such as dwarfs, dragons, elves, fairies, giants, gnomes, goblins, griffins, mermaids, talking animals, trolls, unicorns, or witches, and usually magic or enchantments.
Family Guy is an American animated sitcom created by Seth MacFarlane for the Fox Broadcasting Company.
Fantasy is a genre of speculative fiction set in a fictional universe, often without any locations, events, or people referencing the real world.
A figurine (a diminutive form of the word figure) or statuette is a small statue that represents a human, deity or animal, or in practice a pair or small group of them.
Franciscus Bernardus Maria "Frans" de Waal, PhD (born 29 October 1948) is a Dutch primatologist and ethologist.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Fritz Heider (February 19, 1896 – January 2, 1988) was an Austrian psychologist whose work was related to the Gestalt school.
is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan.
is a Japanese mascot character, unofficially representing the city of Funabashi, Chiba.
A funny animal is an anthropomorphic animal character who lives like a human.
The furry fandom is a subculture interested in fictional anthropomorphic animal characters with human personalities and characteristics.
Genre is any form or type of communication in any mode (written, spoken, digital, artistic, etc.) with socially-agreed upon conventions developed over time.
Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950), better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic whose work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism and outspoken support of democratic socialism.
A goblin is a monstrous creature from European folklore, first attested in stories from the Middle Ages.
God the Father is a title given to God in various religions, most prominently in Christianity.
Goofy is a funny-animal cartoon character created in 1932 at Walt Disney Productions.
Gorillas are ground-dwelling, predominantly herbivorous apes that inhabit the forests of central Sub-Saharan Africa.
Research into great ape language has involved teaching chimpanzees, bonobos, gorillas, and orangutans to communicate with human beings and with each other using sign language, physical tokens, and lexigrams (Yerkish).
The Great Chain of Being is a strict hierarchical structure of all matter and life, thought in medieval Christianity to have been decreed by God.
Greek mythology is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.
The Grimms' Fairy Tales, originally known as the Children's and Household Tales (lead), is a collection of fairy tales by the Grimm brothers or "Brothers Grimm", Jacob and Wilhelm, first published on 20 December 1812.
HarperCollins Publishers L.L.C. is one of the world's largest publishing companies and is one of the Big Five English-language publishing companies, alongside Hachette, Macmillan, Penguin Random House, and Simon & Schuster.
The Hasmonean dynasty (חַשְׁמוֹנַּאִים, Ḥašmōna'īm) was a ruling dynasty of Judea and surrounding regions during classical antiquity.
Hatred or hate is a deep and extreme emotional dislike, especially invoking feelings of anger or resentment.
Hellblazer (also known as John Constantine, Hellblazer) is an American contemporary horror comic book series, originally published by DC Comics, and subsequently by the Vertigo imprint since March 1993 when the imprint was introduced.
Heresy is any belief or theory that is strongly at variance with established beliefs or customs, in particular the accepted beliefs of a church or religious organization.
Hesiod (or; Ἡσίοδος Hēsíodos) was a Greek poet generally thought by scholars to have been active between 750 and 650 BC, around the same time as Homer.
is a Japanese webcomic, later adapted as a manga and an anime series, by Hidekaz Himaruya.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
The Hominidae, whose members are known as great apes or hominids, are a taxonomic family of primates that includes eight extant species in four genera: Pongo, the Bornean, Sumatran and Tapanuli orangutan; Gorilla, the eastern and western gorilla; Pan, the common chimpanzee and the bonobo; and Homo, which includes modern humans and its extinct relatives (e.g., the Neanderthal), and ancestors, such as Homo erectus.
Howard Earl Gardner (born July 11, 1943) is an American developmental psychologist and the John H. and Elisabeth A. Hobbs Professor of Cognition and Education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education at Harvard University.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
in this very first animal-human God Vishnu as Matsya the one worship as hinduism diety Terms human–animal hybrid and animal–human hybrid refer to an entity that incorporates elements from both humans and non-human animals.
A humanoid (from English human and -oid "resembling") is something that has an appearance resembling a human without actually being one.
An icon (from Greek εἰκών eikōn "image") is a religious work of art, most commonly a painting, from the Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodoxy, and certain Eastern Catholic churches.
An individual is that which exists as a distinct entity.
The Islamic Golden Age is the era in the history of Islam, traditionally dated from the 8th century to the 14th century, during which much of the historically Islamic world was ruled by various caliphates, and science, economic development and cultural works flourished.
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (a; 27 February 1936) was a Russian physiologist known primarily for his work in classical conditioning.
Ivory is a hard, white material from the tusks (traditionally elephants') and teeth of animals, that can be used in art or manufacturing.
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, (Tolkien pronounced his surname, see his phonetic transcription published on the illustration in The Return of the Shadow: The History of The Lord of the Rings, Part One. Christopher Tolkien. London: Unwin Hyman, 1988. (The History of Middle-earth; 6). In General American the surname is also pronounced. This pronunciation no doubt arose by analogy with such words as toll and polka, or because speakers of General American realise as, while often hearing British as; thus or General American become the closest possible approximation to the Received Pronunciation for many American speakers. Wells, John. 1990. Longman pronunciation dictionary. Harlow: Longman, 3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973) was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor who is best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion.
Jack of Fables is a spin-off comic book series of Fables written by Bill Willingham and Lilah Sturges (credited as "Matthew Sturges") and published by DC Comics' Vertigo imprint.
Dame Jane Morris Goodall (born Valerie Jane Morris-Goodall, 3 April 1934), formerly Baroness Jane van Lawick-Goodall, is a British primatologist and anthropologist.
The Jātaka tales are a voluminous body of literature native to India concerning the previous births of Gautama Buddha in both human and animal form.
Jealousy is an emotion; the term generally refers to the thoughts or feelings of insecurity, fear, concern, and envy over relative lack of possessions, status or something of great personal value, particularly in reference to a comparator.
John Rowe Townsend (19 May 1922 – 24 March 2014) was a British children's writer and children's literature scholar.
Titus Flavius Josephus (Φλάβιος Ἰώσηπος; 37 – 100), born Yosef ben Matityahu (יוסף בן מתתיהו, Yosef ben Matityahu; Ἰώσηπος Ματθίου παῖς), was a first-century Romano-Jewish scholar, historian and hagiographer, who was born in Jerusalem—then part of Roman Judea—to a father of priestly descent and a mother who claimed royal ancestry.
Julia Donaldson (born 16 September 1948) is an English writer, playwright and performer, and the 2011–2013 Children's Laureate.
Juvenile fantasy is children's literature with fantasy elements: fantasy intended for readers not yet adult.
, abbreviated as, is a Japanese free-to-play web browser game developed by Kadokawa Games.
Kenneth Grahame (8 March 1859 – 6 July 1932) was a Scottish writer, most famous for The Wind in the Willows (1908), one of the classics of children's literature.
Konrad Zacharias Lorenz (7 November 1903 – 27 February 1989) was an Austrian zoologist, ethologist, and ornithologist.
Krishna (Kṛṣṇa) is a major deity in Hinduism.
Kumamon is a mascot created by the government of Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan.
is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyushu.
Lapine is a fictional language created by author Richard Adams for his 1972 novel Watership Down, where it is spoken by rabbit characters.
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (27 January 1832 – 14 January 1898), better known by his pen name Lewis Carroll, was an English writer, mathematician, logician, Anglican deacon, and photographer.
The Löwenmensch figurine or Lion-man of the Hohlenstein-Stadel is a prehistoric ivory sculpture that was discovered in the Hohlenstein-Stadel, a German cave in 1939.
This page provides lists of best-selling individual books and book series to date and in any language.
Disney's Aladdin franchise features an extensive cast of fictional characters.
This page gives a list of domestic animals, also including a list of animals which are or may be currently undergoing the process of domestication and animals that have an extensive relationship with humans beyond simple predation.
A narrative technique (also known more narrowly for literary fictional narratives as a literary technique, literary device, or fictional device) is any of several specific methods the creator of a narrative uses to convey what they want—in other words, a strategy used in the making of a narrative to relay information to the audience and, particularly, to "develop" the narrative, usually in order to make it more complete, complicated, or interesting.
Types of natural phenomena include, but are not limited to, the following: Weather, fog, thunder, tornadoes; biological processes, decomposition, germination; physical processes, wave propagation, erosion; tidal flow, and natural disasters such as electromagnetic pulses, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes.
The Olympic mascots are fictional characters, usually an animal native to the area or human figures, who represent the cultural heritage of the place where the Olympic and Paralympic Games are taking place.
A locomotive or engine is a rail transport vehicle that provides the motive power for a train.
Loneliness is a complex and usually unpleasant emotional response to isolation.
Looney Tunes is an American animated series of comedy short films produced by Warner Bros. from 1930 to 1969 during the golden age of American animation, alongside its sister series Merrie Melodies.
Louise Joséphine Bourgeois (25 December 191131 May 2010) was a French-American artist.
Lucy Lippard (born April 14, 1937) is an American writer, art critic, activist and curator.
Moses ben Maimon (Mōšeh bēn-Maymūn; موسى بن ميمون Mūsā bin Maymūn), commonly known as Maimonides (Μαϊμωνίδης Maïmōnídēs; Moses Maimonides), and also referred to by the acronym Rambam (for Rabbeinu Mōšeh bēn Maimun, "Our Rabbi Moses son of Maimon"), was a medieval Sephardic Jewish philosopher who became one of the most prolific and influential Torah scholars of the Middle Ages.
Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.
are comics created in Japan or by creators in the Japanese language, conforming to a style developed in Japan in the late 19th century.
Marianne Leonore Simmel (3 January 1923 – 24 March 2010) was a psychologist with a special interest in cognitive neuropsychology.
A mascot is any person, animal, or object thought to bring luck, or anything used to represent a group with a common public identity, such as a school, professional sports team, society, military unit, or brand name.
A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.
In the broadest sense, merchandising is any practice which contributes to the sale of products to a retail consumer.
Michael Martin Fried (born April 12, 1939 in New York City) is a modernist art critic and art historian.
Bibendum, commonly referred to in English as the Michelin Man or Michelin Tyre Man, is the symbol of the Michelin tire company.
Mickey Mouse is a funny animal cartoon character and the mascot of The Walt Disney Company.
The mind is a set of cognitive faculties including consciousness, perception, thinking, judgement, language and memory.
In visual arts, music, and other mediums, minimalism is an art movement that began in post–World War II Western art, most strongly with American visual arts in the 1960s and early 1970s.
Modularity of mind is the notion that a mind may, at least in part, be composed of innate neural structures or modules which have distinct established evolutionarily developed functions.
is a form of anthropomorphism in anime and manga where moe qualities are given to non-human beings, objects, concepts, or phenomena.
Mowgli is a fictional character and the protagonist of Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book stories.
A Murti (Sanskrit: मूर्ति, IAST: Mūrti) literally means any form, embodiment or solid object, and typically refers to an image, statue or idol of a deity or person in Indian culture.
Myth is a folklore genre consisting of narratives that play a fundamental role in society, such as foundational tales.
Mythology refers variously to the collected myths of a group of people or to the study of such myths.
A nation is a stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory, economic life, ethnicity or psychological make-up manifested in a common culture.
A national personification is an anthropomorphism of a nation or its people.
Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms including animals, fungi and plants in their environment; leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study.
The need for cognition (NFC), in psychology, is a personality variable reflecting the extent to which individuals are inclined towards effortful cognitive activities.
Neil Richard MacKinnon GaimanBorn as Neil Richard Gaiman, with "MacKinnon" added on the occasion of his marriage to Amanda Palmer.
A neurochemical is a small organic molecule or peptide that participates in neural activity.
Objectivity in science is a value that informs how science is practiced and how scientific truths are discovered.
The Office Assistant was an intelligent user interface for Microsoft Office that assisted users by way of an interactive animated character, which interfaced with the Office help content.
The orangutans (also spelled orang-utan, orangutang, or orang-utang) are three extant species of great apes native to Indonesia and Malaysia.
Oswald the Lucky Rabbit (also known as Oswald the Rabbit or Oswald Rabbit) is an anthropomorphic rabbit and animated cartoon character created by Ub Iwerks and Walt Disney for funny animal films distributed by Universal Studios in the 1920s and 1930s, serving as the Disney studio's first animated character to feature in their own series.
The Panchatantra (IAST: Pañcatantra, पञ्चतन्त्र, "Five Treatises") is an ancient Indian work of political philosophy, in the form of a collection of interrelated animal fables in Sanskrit verse and prose, arranged within a frame story.
Pareidolia is a psychological phenomenon in which the mind responds to a stimulus, usually an image or a sound, by perceiving a familiar pattern where none exists.
The phrase pathetic fallacy is a literary term for the attributing of human emotion and conduct to all aspects within nature.
A patron saint, patroness saint, patron hallow or heavenly protector is a saint who in Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Eastern Orthodoxy, or particular branches of Islam, is regarded as the heavenly advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person.
Ethiopia's population is highly diverse.
Personification, the attribution of human form and characteristics to abstract concepts such as nations, emotions and natural forces like seasons and the weather, is a literary device found in many ancient texts, including the Hebrew Bible and Christian New Testament.
A phenomenon (Greek: φαινόμενον, phainómenon, from the verb phainein, to show, shine, appear, to be manifest or manifest itself, plural phenomena) is any thing which manifests itself.
Philo of Alexandria (Phílōn; Yedidia (Jedediah) HaCohen), also called Philo Judaeus, was a Hellenistic Jewish philosopher who lived in Alexandria, in the Roman province of Egypt.
A picture book combines visual and verbal narratives in a book format, most often aimed at young children.
Planes is a 2013 American 3D computer-animated sports comedy film produced by DisneyToon Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures.
Planes: Fire & Rescue is a 2014 American 3D computer-animated comedy-adventure film.
Police state is a term denoting a government that exercises power arbitrarily through the power of the police force.
Pop art is an art movement that emerged in Britain and the United States during the mid- to late-1950s.
Porky Pig is an animated cartoon character in the Warner Bros. Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of cartoons.
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.
Human prehistory is the period between the use of the first stone tools 3.3 million years ago by hominins and the invention of writing systems.
Promotional merchandise, sometimes nicknamed swag, schwag, or tchotchke, are products, branded with a logo or slogan, used in marketing and communication programs.
A prosopopoeia (προσωποποιία) is a rhetorical device in which a speaker or writer communicates to the audience by speaking as another person or object.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing the spread of information between an individual or an organization (such as a business, government agency, or a nonprofit organization) and the public.
Pyrus pyrifolia is a species of pear tree native to East Asia.
In Judaism, a rabbi is a teacher of Torah.
Richard George Adams (9 May 1920 – 24 December 2016) was an English novelist and writer of the books Watership Down, Shardik and The Plague Dogs.
Roger Caillois (3 March 1913 – 21 December 1978) was a French intellectual whose idiosyncratic work brought together literary criticism, sociology, and philosophy by focusing on diverse subjects such as games, play as well as the sacred.
Ronald Mathias Lockley (8 November 1903 – 12 April 2000) was a Welsh ornithologist and naturalist.
Ronald McDonald is a clown character used as the primary mascot of the McDonald's fast-food restaurant chain.
Joseph Rudyard Kipling (30 December 1865 – 18 January 1936)The Times, (London) 18 January 1936, p. 12 was an English journalist, short-story writer, poet, and novelist.
The San Diego Chicken, also known as The Famous Chicken, the KGB Chicken or just The Chicken, is a sports mascot played by Ted Giannoulas.
A season is a division of the year marked by changes in weather, ecology, and amount of daylight.
In September 2012 Sharks began recording demos for a second studio album, which they hoped to finish writing by the end of the year.
Seymore D. Fair (a.k.a. Seymour D. Fair, and sometimes called Seymore de Faire or Seymour d'Fair) is a funny animal cartoon and costumed character who was the official mascot of the 1984 Louisiana World Exposition.
Smaug ("All these diphthongs were 'falling' diphthongs, that is stressed on the first element, and composed of the simple vowels run together. Thus... au (aw) as in loud, how and not laud, haw.") is a fictional character and the primary antagonist in J. R. R. Tolkien's 1937 novel The Hobbit.
Social anxiety can be defined as nervousness in social situations.
is a platform game developed by Sonic Team and published by Sega for the Sega Genesis console.
Speciesism involves the assignment of different values, rights, or special consideration to individuals solely on the basis of their species membership.
Squid Girl, known in Japan as with the subtitle The invader comes from the bottom of the sea!, is a Japanese manga series by Masahiro Anbe, which was serialized in Akita Shoten's Weekly Shōnen Champion between July 2007 and February 2016.
The standard cross-cultural sample is a sample of 186 cultures used by scholars engaged in cross-cultural studies.
When anthropomorphising an animal there are stereotypical traits which commonly tend to be associated with particular species.
Steven Mithen is a Professor of Archaeology at the University of Reading.
Super Mario Bros. is a platform video game developed and published by Nintendo.
SWAT Kats: The Radical Squadron is an American animated television series created by Christian Tremblay and Yvon Tremblay and produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions.
In any given society, a taboo is an implicit prohibition or strong discouragement against something (usually against an utterance or behavior) based on a cultural feeling that it is either too repulsive or dangerous, or, perhaps, too sacred for ordinary people.
The Tale of Two Brothers is an ancient Egyptian story that dates from the reign of Seti II, who ruled from 1200 to 1194 BC during the 19th Dynasty of the New Kingdom.
Talking animals are a common theme in mythology and folk tales, as well as children's literature.
A team sport includes any sport which involves two or more players working together towards a shared objective.
The Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (often shortened to TMNT or Ninja Turtles) are four fictional teenaged anthropomorphic turtles named after Italian artists of the Renaissance.
The Adventures of Pinocchio (Le avventure di Pinocchio) is a novel for children by Italian author Carlo Collodi, written in Pescia.
The Chronicles of Narnia is a series of seven fantasy novels by C. S. Lewis.
The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex is a book by English naturalist Charles Darwin, first published in 1871, which applies evolutionary theory to human evolution, and details his theory of sexual selection, a form of biological adaptation distinct from, yet interconnected with, natural selection.
The Encyclopedia of Fantasy is a 1997 reference work concerning fantasy fiction, edited by John Clute and John Grant.
The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals is Charles Darwin's third major work of evolutionary theory, following On The Origin of Species (1859) and The Descent of Man (1871).
The Gruffalo is a children's book by writer and playwright Julia Donaldson, illustrated by Axel Scheffler, that tells the story of a mouse, the protagonist of the book, taking a walk in a European forest.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Hawk and the Nightingale is one of the earliest fables recorded in Greek and there have been many variations on the story since Classical times.
The Hobbit, or There and Back Again is a children's fantasy novel by English author J. R. R. Tolkien.
The House at Pooh Corner (1928) is the second volume of stories about Winnie-the-Pooh, written by A. A. Milne and illustrated by E. H. Shepard.
The Jungle Book (1894) is a collection of stories by the English author Rudyard Kipling.
The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe is a fantasy novel for children by C. S. Lewis, published by Geoffrey Bles in 1950.
The Lord of the Rings is an epic high fantasy novel written by English author and scholar J. R. R. Tolkien.
The Matrix is a 1999 science fiction action film written and directed by The Wachowskis (credited as The Wachowski Brothers) and starring Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne, Carrie-Anne Moss, Hugo Weaving, and Joe Pantoliano.
The New York Review of Books (or NYREV or NYRB) is a semi-monthly magazine with articles on literature, culture, economics, science and current affairs.
The Plague Dogs is the third novel by Richard Adams, author of Watership Down, about two dogs who escape an animal testing facility and are subsequently pursued by both the government and the media.
The Sandman is a comic book series written by Neil Gaiman and published by DC Comics.
The Sorcerer is one name for an enigmatic cave painting found in the cavern known as 'The Sanctuary' at the Cave of the Trois-Frères, Ariège, France, made around 13,000 BC.
The Tale of Peter Rabbit is a British children's book written and illustrated by Beatrix Potter that follows mischievous and disobedient young Peter Rabbit as he is chased about the garden of Mr. McGregor.
The Trimates, sometimes called Leakey's Angels, is a name given to three women — Jane Goodall, Dian Fossey, and Birutė Galdikas — chosen by anthropologist Louis Leakey to study hominids in their natural environments.
The Very Hungry Caterpillar is a children's picture book designed, illustrated, and written by Eric Carle, first published by the World Publishing Company in 1969, later published by Penguin Putnam.
The Wind in the Willows is a children's novel by Kenneth Grahame, first published in 1908.
TheGuardian.com, formerly known as Guardian.co.uk and Guardian Unlimited, is a British news and media website owned by the Guardian Media Group.
Theomorphism, from Greek θεος, theos (God) and μορφη, morphē (shape or form) Is the early Christian heresy that states that change in the divine nature is possible.
Theory of mind is the ability to attribute mental states—beliefs, intents, desires, emotions, knowledge, etc.—to oneself, and to others, and to understand that others have beliefs, desires, intentions, and perspectives that are different from one's own.
The theory of multiple intelligences differentiates human intelligence into specific 'modalities', rather than seeing intelligence as dominated by a single general ability.
Thomas the Tank Engine is a fictional steam locomotive in The Railway Series books by the Reverend Wilbert Awdry and his son, Christopher.
The Thracians (Θρᾷκες Thrāikes; Thraci) were a group of Indo-European tribes inhabiting a large area in Eastern and Southeastern Europe.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
Traveller is a historical novel written by Richard Adams in 1988.
In mythology, and in the study of folklore and religion, a trickster is a character in a story (god, goddess, spirit, man, woman, or anthropomorphisation), which exhibits a great degree of intellect or secret knowledge, and uses it to play tricks or otherwise disobey normal rules and conventional behaviour.
In cross-cultural psychology, uncertainty avoidance is a society's tolerance for uncertainty and ambiguity.
is a Japanese manga series by Kitsune Tennouji which began serialization in July 2009.
The Upper Paleolithic (or Upper Palaeolithic, Late Stone Age) is the third and last subdivision of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age.
The Victoria and Albert Museum (often abbreviated as the V&A) in London is the world's largest museum of decorative arts and design, housing a permanent collection of over 2.3 million objects.
Walter Elias Disney (December 5, 1901December 15, 1966) was an American entrepreneur, animator, voice actor and film producer.
Walt Disney Animation Studios (WDAS), also referred to as Disney Animation, headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California, is an American animation studio that creates animated feature films, short films, and television specials for The Walt Disney Company.
Watership Down is a survival and adventure novel by English author Richard Adams, published by Rex Collings Ltd of London in 1972.
Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the degree to which it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy.
Wilbert Vere Awdry, OBE (15 June 1911 – 21 March 1997) was an English Anglican cleric, railway enthusiast, and children's author.
William Morton Wheeler (March 19, 1865 – April 19, 1937) was an American entomologist, myrmecologist and Harvard professor.
Winnie-the-Pooh (1926) is the first volume of stories about Winnie-the-Pooh, written by A. A. Milne and illustrated by E. H. Shepard.
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
Wisdom or sapience is the ability to think and act using knowledge, experience, understanding, common sense, and insight, especially in a mature or utilitarian manner.
The Works and Days (Ἔργα καὶ Ἡμέραι, Erga kai Hēmerai)The Works and Days is sometimes called by the Latin translation of the title, Opera et Dies.
A world's fair, world fair, world expo, universal exposition, or international exposition (sometimes expo or Expo for short) is a large international exhibition designed to showcase achievements of nations.
Xenophanes of Colophon (Ξενοφάνης ὁ Κολοφώνιος; c. 570 – c. 475 BC) was a Greek philosopher, theologian, poet, and social and religious critic.
(), once romanized as Yossy, is a fictional anthropomorphic dinosaur who appears in video games published by Nintendo.
Youngme Moon is Senior Associate Dean for Strategy and Innovation and the Donald K. David Professor of Business Administration at Harvard Business School.
is a Japanese term for a category of mascot characters; usually created to promote a place or region, event, organisation or business.
Zeus (Ζεύς, Zeús) is the sky and thunder god in ancient Greek religion, who rules as king of the gods of Mount Olympus.
The word zoomorphism derives from the Greek ζωον (zōon), meaning "animal", and μορφη (morphē), meaning "shape" or "form".
Zootopia is a 2016 American 3D computer-animated comedy film produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures.
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