73 relations: Adriatic Sea, Agrarian reform, Albanian Kingdom (1939–43), Armistice of Cassibile, Axis powers, Belgrade, Bihać, Bihać Republic, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Case Black, Case White, Chetniks, Civil and political rights, Croats, Danube Swabians, Deliberative assembly, Democracy, Draža Mihailović, Edvard Kardelj, Ethnic group, Federalism, Flight and expulsion of Germans (1944–50), Franklin D. Roosevelt, Independent State of Croatia, Internment, Italian governorate of Montenegro, Jajce, Joseph Stalin, Josip Broz Tito, Kingdom of Bulgaria, Kingdom of Hungary (1920–46), Kingdom of Italy, Kotor, League of Communists of Yugoslavia, Macedonians (ethnic group), Marshal of Yugoslavia, Milovan Đilas, Moša Pijade, Monarchy, Montenegrins, National Committee for the Liberation of Yugoslavia, Nazi Germany, Operation Rösselsprung (1944), Peter II of Yugoslavia, Pilot (aeronautics), Prime minister, Private property, Provisional government, Puppet state, Red Army, ..., Referendum, Republic, Resolution (law), Royal Italian Army, Serbo-Croatian, Serbs, Slavs, Slovenes, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Soviet Union, Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia, Umbrella organization, United Kingdom, United States, Ustaše, Vis (island), Vojvodina, Wehrmacht, Winston Churchill, World War II in Yugoslavia, Yugoslav Partisans, Yugoslavia, Yugoslavs. Expand index (23 more) » « Shrink index
The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula and the Apennine Mountains from the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges.
Agrarian reform can refer either, narrowly, to government-initiated or government-backed redistribution of agricultural land (see land reform) or, broadly, to an overall redirection of the agrarian system of the country, which often includes land reform measures.
The Albanian Kingdom (Gheg Albanian: Mbretnija Shqiptare, Standard Albanian: Mbretëria Shqiptare, Regno albanese), also known as Greater Albania, existed as a protectorate of the Kingdom of Italy.
The Armistice of Cassibile was an armistice signed on 3 September 1943 by Walter Bedell Smith and Giuseppe Castellano, and made public on 8 September, between the Kingdom of Italy and the Allies ("United Nations") of World War II.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte, 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku, Potenze dell'Asse), also known as the Axis, were the nations that fought in the Second World War against the Allied forces.
Belgrade (Beograd / Београд;; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia.
Bihać is a city on the River Una in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the Bosanska Krajina region.
The Bihać Republic was a short-lived republic that existed between November 1942 and January 1943 in a liberated area of Nazi-occupied Yugoslavia.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian Bosna i Hercegovina,; Cyrillic script: Боснa и Херцеговина), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, abbreviated BiH, and in short often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
Case Black (Fall Schwarz), also known as the Fifth Enemy Offensive (Peta neprijateljska ofanziva) in Yugoslav historiography and often identified with its final phase, the Battle of the Sutjeska (Bitka na Sutjesci) was a joint attack by the Axis taking place from 15 May to 16 June 1943, which aimed to destroy the main Yugoslav Partisan force, near the Sutjeska river in south-eastern Bosnia.
Case White (Fall Weiss), also known as the Fourth Enemy Offensive (Četvrta neprijateljska ofenziva/ofanziva) was a combined Axis strategic offensive launched against the Yugoslav Partisans throughout occupied Yugoslavia during World War II.
The Chetnik Detachments of the Yugoslav Army, commonly known as the Chetniks (Četnici, Четници,; Četniki), was a World War II movement in Yugoslavia led by Draža Mihailović, an anti-Axis movement in their long-range goals and engaged in marginal resistance activities for limited periods.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations and private individuals, and which ensure one's ability to participate in the civil and political life of the society and state without discrimination or repression.
Croats (Hrvati) are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group at the crossroads of Central Europe, Southeast Europe, and the Mediterranean.
The Danube Swabians is a collective term for the German-speaking population who lived in various countries of southeastern Europe, especially in the Danube River valley.
A deliberative assembly is an organization comprising members who use parliamentary procedure to make decisions.
Democracy, or democratic government, is "a system of government in which all the people of a state or polity...
Dragoljub "Draža" Mihailović (Драгољуб "Дража" Михаиловић, known to his supporters as Uncle Draža (Чича Дража); 26 April 1893 – 17 July 1946) was a Yugoslav Serb general during World War II.
Edvard Kardelj (27 January 1910 – 10 February 1979), also known under the pseudonyms Bevc, Sperans and Krištof, was a journalist from Ljubljana, Slovenia, and one of the leading members of the illegal Communist Party of Slovenia before World War II.
An ethnic group or ethnicity is a socially defined category of people who identify with each other based on common ancestral, social, cultural or national experience.
Federalism is a political concept in which a group of members are bound together by covenant (Latin: foedus, covenant) with a governing representative head.
During the later stages of World War II and the post-war period the German Reichsdeutsche (German citizens) as well as persons of German ancestry were expelled from various Eastern European countries and sent to Germany and Austria.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (his own pronunciation, or) (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), commonly known by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States.
The Independent State of Croatia (Nezavisna Država Hrvatska, Независна Држава Хрватска, NDH; Unabhängiger Staat Kroatien; Stato Indipendente di Croazia), often referred to simply by the abbreviation NDH, was a World War II puppet state of Germany and Italy, which was established in parts of Axis-occupied Yugoslavia.
Internment is the imprisonment or confinement of people, commonly in large groups, without trial.
The Italian governorate of Montenegro (Governatorato del Montenegro) existed from October 1941 to September 1943 as an occupied territory under military government of Fascist Italy during World War II.
Jajce is a city and municipality located in the central part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the Bosanska Krajina region.
Joseph Stalin (birth surname: Jughashvili; 18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953.
Josip Broz Tito (Cyrillic: Јосип Броз Тито,; born Josip Broz 7 May 1892Although Tito was born on 7 May after he became president of Yugoslavia he celebrated his birthday on 25 May to mark the unsuccessful 1944 Nazi attempt on his life. The Germans found forged documents that stated 25 May was Tito's birthday and attacked him on that day. (Vinterhalter 1972, p. 43.) – 4 May 1980) was a Yugoslav revolutionary and statesman, serving in various roles from 1943 until his death in 1980.
The Kingdom of Bulgaria, also referred to as the Tsardom of Bulgaria and the Third Bulgarian Tsardom was a constitutional monarchy, created on 22 September 1908 (old style), as а result of an elevation of the Bulgarian state to kingdom from principality.
The Kingdom of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyar Királyság), also known as the Regency, existed from 1920 to 1946 as a de facto country under Regent Miklós Horthy.
The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state founded in 1861 when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy.
Kotor (Котор,; Cattaro) is a coastal town in Montenegro.
League of Communists of Yugoslavia (Savez komunista Jugoslavije, Савез комуниста Југославије, SKJ/СКЈ; Zveza komunistov Jugoslavije; Сојуз на комунистите на Југославија), before 1952 the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (Komunistička partija Jugoslavije, Комунистичка партија Југославије, Komunistična partija Jugoslavije, Комунистичка партија на Југославија, Komunistička partija na Jugoslavija), was a major Communist party in Yugoslavia.
The Macedonians (transliterated: Makedonci), also known as Macedonian Slavs or Slavic Macedonians are a South Slavic ethnic group native to the region of Macedonia.
Marshal of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian, Slovene: Maršal Jugoslavije, Cyrillic script: Маршал Југославије; Macedonian: Маршал на Југославија) was the highest rank of Yugoslav People's Army (equivalent to field marshal), and, simultaneously, a Yugoslav honorific title.
Milovan Đilas (Serbian/Montenegrin Cyrillic: Милован Ђилас), usually spelled Djilas in English (June 4 or June 12, 1911 – April 20, 1995), was a Communist Party of Yugoslavia politician, theorist and author.
Moša Pijade (Мoшa Пиjaдe; 4 January 1890 – 15 March 1957), nicknamed Čiča Janko (Чича Јанко, lit. "Uncle Janko") was a prominent Serbian and Yugoslav communist, a close collaborator of Josip Broz Tito, former President of Yugoslavia, and full member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts.
A monarchy is a form of government in which sovereignty is actually or nominally embodied in one or several individual(s) reigning until death or abdication.
Montenegrins (Serbo-Croatian: Црногорци / Crnogorci, or) are a nation and South Slavic people mainly living in the Balkans, primarily inhabiting Montenegro.
The National Committee for the Liberation of Yugoslavia or NKOJ (Nacionalni komitet oslobođenja Jugoslavije, Nacionalni komite osvoboditve Jugoslavije, NKOJ), was the World War II provisional executive body of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia.
Nazi Germany or the Third Reich (Drittes Reich) are common English names for the period of history in Germany from 1933 to 1945, when it was a dictatorship under the control of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Operation Rösselsprung (Knight's move) was a combined airborne and ground assault by the German XV Mountain Corps and their allies on the Supreme Headquarters of the Yugoslav Partisans located at the town of Drvar in the western Independent State of Croatia (of which modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina was a part) during World War II.
Peter II of Yugoslavia, also known as Peter II Karađorđević (Serbo-Croatian: Petar II Karađorđević, Serbian Cyrillic: Петар II Карађорђевић; 6 September 1923 – 3 November 1970), was the last King of Yugoslavia and the last reigning member of the Karađorđević dynasty, founded early in the 19th century.
An aircraft pilot or aviator is a person who actively and directly operates the directional flight controls of an aircraft while it is in flight.
A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system.
Private property is a legal designation of the ownership of property by non-governmental legal entities.
Provisional government is an emergency or interim government set up when a political void has been created by the collapse of a very large government.
A puppet state is a metaphor of a state that is supposedly independent but is in fact dependent upon an outside power, it is nominally sovereign but effectively controlled by a foreign or otherwise alien power, for reasons such as financial interests, in fact anything but the common good.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия; РККА, or Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya: RKKA, frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия; KA, in English: Red Army) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and after 1922 the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
A referendum (in some countries synonymous with plebiscite — or a vote on a ballot question) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to vote on a particular proposal.
A republic (from res publica) is a form of government or country in which power resides in elected individuals representing the citizen body and government leaders exercise power according to the rule of law.
In law, resolution is a written motion adopted by a deliberative body.
The Royal Italian Army (Italian: Regio Esercito, "Royal Army") was the army of the Kingdom of Italy from the unification of Italy in 1861 to the birth of the Italian Republic in 1946.
Serbo-Croatian, also called Serbo-Croat, Serbo-Croat-Bosnian (SCB), Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian (BCS), or Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian (BCMS), is a South Slavic language and the primary language of Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro.
The Serbs (Срби/Srbi) are a South Slavic nation and ethnic group native to the Balkans.
The Slavs are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group living in Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Southeast Europe, North Asia and Central Asia, who speak the Indo-European Slavic languages, and share, to varying degrees, certain cultural traits and historical backgrounds.
The Slovenes, Slovene people, Slovenians, or Slovenian people (Slovenci) are a South Slavic ethnic group living in historical Slovene lands, surrounded by German-speaking Austrians to the north, Italian-speaking and Friulan-speaking neighbours to the west, a Hungarian-speaking population to the northeast, and Slavic Croatian-speakers to the south and southeast.
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFR Yugoslavia or SFRY) was the Yugoslav state that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars.
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (a) abbreviated to USSR (r) or shortened to the Soviet Union (p), was a Marxist–Leninist state on the Eurasian continent that existed between 1922 and 1991.
The Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia (Gebiet des Militärbefehlshabers in Serbien) was the area of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia that was placed under a military government of occupation by the Wehrmacht following the invasion, occupation and dismantling of Yugoslavia in April 1941.
An umbrella organization is an association of (often related, industry-specific) institutions, who work together formally to coordinate activities or pool resources.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.
The Ustaše, also known as "Ustashe", "Ustashas", and "Ustashi", were members of the Ustaša – Croatian Revolutionary Movement (Ustaša – Hrvatski revolucionarni pokret), a Croatian fascist, ultranationalist and terrorist organization, active, in its original form, between 1929 and 1945.
Vis (Latin: Issa, Lissa) is a small Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea.
Vojvodina (Војводина), officially the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina (Аутономна Покрајина Војводина / Autonomna Pokrajina Vojvodina; see Names in other languages), is an autonomous province of Serbia, located in the northern part of the country, in the Pannonian Plain.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force"From wehren, "to defend" and Macht, "power, force". See the Wiktionary article for more information.) was the unified armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1946.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British statesman who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
Military operations in World War II on the territory of Yugoslavia started on 6 April 1941, when the kingdom was swiftly conquered by Axis forces and partitioned between Germany, Italy, Hungary, Bulgaria and client regimes.
Yugoslav PartisansSerbo-Croatian, Macedonian, Slovene: Partizani, Партизани or the National Liberation Army,Narodnooslobodilačka vojska (NOV), Народноослободилачка војска (НОВ); Народноослободителна војска (НОВ); Narodnoosvobodilna vojska (NOV) officially the National Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia,Narodnooslobodilačka vojska i partizanski odredi Jugoslavije (NOV i POJ), Народноослободилачка војска и партизански одреди Југославије (НОВ и ПОЈ); Народноослободителна војска и партизански одреди на Југославија (НОВ и ПОЈ); Narodnoosvobodilna vojska in partizanski odredi Jugoslavije (NOV in POJ) was Europe's most effective anti-Nazi resistance movement, often compared to the Polish resistance movement, albeit the latter was an exceptional, non-communist autonomic movement.
'Yugoslavia' (Serbo-Croatian, Macedonian, Slovene: Jugoslavija, Југославија), once spelled and called "Jugoslavia", was a country in Southeast Europe during most of the 20th century.
Yugoslavs (Serbian and Macedonian: Југословени; Croatian and Bosnian: Jugoslaveni; Slovene: Jugoslovani) is a designation that was originally designed to refer to a united South Slav people.
2nd session of the AVNOJ, AVNOJ, Anti-Fascist Council For the National Liberation of Yugoslavia, Anti-Fascist Council for the People's Liberation of Yugoslavia, Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia, Anti-Fascist Council of People's Liberation of Yugoslavia, Anti-Fascist Council of the National Liberation of Yugoslavia, Anti-Fascist Council of the People's Liberation of Yugoslavia, Anti-fascist Council of the People's Liberation of Yugoslavia, Antifascist Council for the Liberation of Yugoslavia, First AVNOJ Conference, First Session of the AVNOJ, I AVNOJ Conference, II AVNOJ Conference, Second AVNOJ Conference, Second Session of the AVNOJ, Second session of the AVNOJ, Session of the AVNOJ (1942), Session of the AVNOJ (1943), АВНОЈ.