174 relations: A Short History of Pakistan, Abdul Hameed Nayyar, Abomination (Bible), Abraham Foxman, Abul A'la Maududi, Adhan, Ajanta Caves, Akbaruddin Owaisi, Albert Mohler, All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen, American Family Association, Americans United for Separation of Church and State, Anti-Defamation League, Anti-Indian sentiment, Asiatic Exclusion League, Associated Press, Awadh, Ayodhya, Bangalore Initiative for Religious Dialogue, Bangladesh Awami League, Bangladesh Islami Chhatra Shibir, Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami, Bangladesh Nationalist Party, Barry W. Lynn, Basdeo Panday, BBC News, Bekal, Bengal, Bhadase Maraj, Bhagavad Gita, Bhojpuri region, Bindi (decoration), Black Power movement, Boston Herald, British Raj, California, California Department of Education, California State Board of Education, California State University, Northridge, Canada, Caribbean, Caste system among South Asian Muslims, Caste system in India, Catholic Church, Charles Grant (British East India Company), Christian right, Christianity, Cremation, Crypto-Hinduism, Daily Times (Pakistan), ..., Dawn (newspaper), Delwar Hossain Sayeedi, Democratic Labour Party (Trinidad and Tobago), Desecration, Discrimination, Divide and rule, Diwali, Dotbusters, Dual loyalty, Ellora Caves, Eric Williams, Fatel Razack, Garhwal division, Goa Inquisition, Government of India, Grammatical number, Gujarat, Hate group, Hindi Belt, Hindu, Hindu American Foundation, Hindu temple, Hinduism, History of Chinese Americans, History of India, Holy See, Hyderabad, Indian Americans, Indian indenture system, Indo-Aryan migration, International Crimes Tribunal (Bangladesh), Irfan Habib, Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi, Islam, Jammu Division, Jersey City, New Jersey, Kafir, Kamla Persad-Bissessar, Kashmir, Khaleda Zia, Khawaja Nazimuddin, Kuala Lumpur, Kumaon division, Kutch district, Lashkar-e-Taiba, List of Prime Ministers of Pakistan, Los Angeles Times, Macaulayism, Madrasa, Maharashtra, Mahmud of Ghazni, Martand Sun Temple, Michael Witzel, MSNBC, Mubarak Ali, Muhammad bin Tughluq, Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinent, Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal, Nazi Germany, North America, North India, Odisha, Operation Save America, Outlook (magazine), Pakistan studies, Pakistani nationalism, Partition of India, Pat Robertson, PBS NewsHour, People's Democratic Party (Trinidad and Tobago), People's National Movement, Politics, Portuguese India, Prejudice, Presidencies and provinces of British India, Prime Minister of Pakistan, Punjab, Punjab, India, Quran, Raja, Rediff.com, Rudranath Capildeo, Sanatan Dharma Maha Sabha, Selangor, Shah Alam, Sharia, Sikandar Butshikan, Sikh, Sikhism, Somnath temple, South Asia, South India, Sringeri Sharada Peetham, Sua sponte, Subang, Selangor, Sustainable Development Policy Institute, Taliban, Temple in the Sea, Textbook, The Daily Ittefaq, The Daily Star (Bangladesh), The Guardian, The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians, The Jersey Journal, The New York Times, Tipu Sultan, Travancore, Trinidad and Tobago, Ululation, United Kingdom, United National Congress, United Press International, United States, United States Senate, University of British Columbia, Urdu, West Coast of the United States, Women in India, Xenophobia, Yellow badge, Yellow Peril, Ziauddin Barani, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Expand index (124 more) » « Shrink index
A Short History of Pakistan is an edited book published by University of Karachi Press and comprises four volumes.
Abdul Hameed Nayyar (Urdu: عبدلحمید نیّر) (born 9 January 1945) is a Pakistani physicist and nuclear activist.
Abomination (from Latin abominare, "to deprecate as an ill omen") is an English term used to translate the Biblical Hebrew terms shiqquts שיקוץ and sheqets שקץ, which are derived from shâqats, or the terms תֹּועֵבָה, tōʻēḇā or to'e'va (noun) or ta'ev (verb).
Abraham Henry Foxman (born May 1, 1940) is an American lawyer and activist.
Syed Abul A'la Maududi Chishti (ابو الاعلی مودودی – alternative spellings of last name Maudoodi, Mawdudi, also known as Abul Ala Maududi; –) was a Muslim philosopher, jurist, journalist and imam.
The adhan, athan, or azaan (أَذَان) (also called in Turkish: Ezan) is the Islamic call to worship, recited by the muezzin at prescribed times of the day.
The Ajanta Caves are 29 (approximately) rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments which date from the 2nd century BCE to about 480 CE in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra state of India.
Akbaruddin Owaisi (born 14 June 1970) is a politician based in Hyderabad, Telangana and an MLA of the Telangana Legislative Assembly.
Richard Albert Mohler Jr. (born October 19, 1959), is an American historical theologian and the ninth president of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky.
The All India Majlis-e-Ittehad-ul Muslimeen or AIMIM (translation: All India Council of the Union of Muslims) is a recognized regional political party based in the Indian state of Telangana, with its head office in the Aghapura Hyderabad Telangana, India, which has its roots in the Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen founded in 1927 in the Hyderabad State of British India.
The American Family Association (AFA) is a non-profit organization based in the United States that promotes fundamentalist Christian values.
Americans United for Separation of Church and State (Americans United or AU for short) is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization that advocates separation of church and state, a legal doctrine set forth in the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, which says "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.".
The Anti-Defamation League (ADL; formerly known as the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith) is an international Jewish non-governmental organization based in the United States.
Anti-Indian sentiment or Indophobia refers to negative feelings and hatred towards India, Indians, and Indian culture.
The Asiatic Exclusion League, often abbreviated AEL, was an organization formed in the early twentieth century in the United States and Canada that aimed to prevent immigration of people of Asian origin.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
Awadh (Hindi: अवध, اوَدھ),, known in British historical texts as Avadh or Oudh, is a region in the modern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh (before independence known as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh) and a small area of Nepal's Province No. 5.
Ayodhya (IAST Ayodhyā), also known as Saketa, is an ancient city of India, believed to be the birthplace of Rama and setting of the epic Ramayana.
The Bangalore Initiative for Religious Dialogue (BIRD) is an organisation based in Bangalore, India that promotes dialog between people of different faiths, attempting to defuse tensions between religious communities such as Hindus, Christians and Muslims.
The Bangladesh Awami League (BAL) (বাংলাদেশ আওয়ামী লীগ; translated from Urdu: Bangladesh People's League), often simply called the Awami League or AL, is one of the two major political parties of Bangladesh.
Bangladesh Islami Chhatrashibir (বাংলাদেশ ইসলামী ছাত্রশিবির), known as Shibir, is a student organization in Bangladesh that works among the students.
Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami (বাংলাদেশ জামায়াতে ইসলামী), previously known as Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh, or Jamaat for short, is the largest Islamist political party in Bangladesh.
Bangladesh Nationalist Party (বাংলাদেশ জাতীয়তাবাদী দল, transliterated: Bangladesh Jātīẏatābādī Dôl), always abbreviated as BNP, is one of the two major contemporary political parties of Bangladesh.
Barry W. Lynn (born 1948) was the executive director of Americans United for Separation of Church and State from 1992 to November 2017.
The Rt Hon. Basdeo Panday PBS SC MP (born 25 May 1933) is a Trinidadian lawyer, politician, trade unionist, economist, actor, civil servant, teacher, clerk, electrician, and laborer who served as Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago from 1995 to 2001.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Bekal is a small town in the Kasaragod district on the West coast of the state of Kerala, India.
Bengal (Bānglā/Bôngô /) is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region in Asia, which is located in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal.
Bhadase Sagan Maraj MP was a Trinidadian politician, Hindu leader, wrestler, businessman, and author.
The Bhagavad Gita (भगवद्गीता, in IAST,, lit. "The Song of God"), often referred to as the Gita, is a 700 verse Hindu scripture in Sanskrit that is part of the Hindu epic Mahabharata (chapters 23–40 of the 6th book of Mahabharata).
The Bhojpuri region is an area encompassing parts of Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh in northern India and the Bara and Parsa districts of Nepal where the Bhojpuri language is spoken as a mother tongue language.
A bindi (बिंदी, from Sanskrit bindu, meaning "point, drop, dot or small particle") is a colored dot worn on the centre of the forehead, commonly by Hindu and Jain women.
The Black Power movement was a political movement that intended to achieve Black Power.
The Boston Herald is an American daily newspaper whose primary market is Boston, Massachusetts and its surrounding area.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
The California Department of Education is an agency within the Government of California that oversees public education.
The California State Board of Education is the governing and policy-making body of the California Department of Education.
California State University, Northridge (also known as CSUN) is a public university in the Northridge neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, United States, in the San Fernando Valley.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
Although Islam does not recognize any castes, Muslim communities in South Asia apply a system of social stratification.
The caste system in India is the paradigmatic ethnographic example of caste.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Charles Grant (Teàrlach Grannd in Scottish Gaelic) (16 April 1746 – 31 October 1823), was a British politician influential in Indian and domestic affairs who, motivated by his evangelical Christianity, championed the causes of social reform and Christian mission, particularly in India.
Christian right or religious right is a term used mainly in the United States to label conservative Christian political factions that are characterized by their strong support of socially conservative policies.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Cremation is the combustion, vaporization, and oxidation of cadavers to basic chemical compounds, such as gases, ashes and mineral fragments retaining the appearance of dry bone.
Crypto-Hinduism is the secret adherence to Hinduism while publicly professing to be of another faith; practitioners are referred to as "crypto-Hindus" (origin from Greek kryptos - κρυπτός, 'hidden').
The Daily Times (DT) is an English-language Pakistani newspaper.
DAWN is Pakistan's oldest, leading and most widely read English-language newspaper.
Delwar Hossain Sayeedi is a Bangladeshi Islamic scholar, speaker and politician and convicted war criminal of the Bangladesh liberation war.
The Democratic Labour Party (DLP) was the main opposition party in Trinidad and Tobago between 1957 and 1971.
Desecration is the act of depriving something of its sacred character, or the disrespectful, contemptuous, or destructive treatment of that which is held to be sacred or holy by a group or individual.
In human social affairs, discrimination is treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person based on the group, class, or category to which the person is perceived to belong.
Divide and rule (or divide and conquer, from Latin dīvide et imperā) in politics and sociology is gaining and maintaining power by breaking up larger concentrations of power into pieces that individually have less power than the one implementing the strategy.
Diwali or Deepavali is the Hindu festival of lights celebrated every year in autumn in the northern hemisphere (spring in southern hemisphere).
The Dotbusters was a hate group in Jersey City, New Jersey, that attacked and threatened South Asians, particularly Indians in the fall of 1987.
In politics, dual loyalty is loyalty to two separate interests that potentially conflict with each other.
Ellora (\e-ˈlȯr-ə\, IAST), located in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, India, is one of the largest rock-cut monastery-temple cave complexes in the world, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, featuring Buddhist, Hindu and Jain monuments, and artwork, dating from the 600-1000 CE period.
The Rt Hon. Dr. Eric Eustace Williams TC, CH (25 September 1911 – 29 March 1981) served as the first Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago.
Fatel Razack (Fath Al Razack, Victory of Allah the Provider, قتح الرزاق) was the first ship to bring indentured labourers from India to Trinidad.
Garhwal (IPA: /ɡəɽʋːɔɭ/) is the western region and administrative division of the northern Indian state of Uttarakhand which is home to the Garhwali people.
The Goa Inquisition was a colonial era Portuguese institution established by the Roman Catholic Holy Office between the 16th- and 19th-century to stop and punish heresy against Christianity in South Asia.
The Government of India (IAST), often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic.
In linguistics, grammatical number is a grammatical category of nouns, pronouns, and adjective and verb agreement that expresses count distinctions (such as "one", "two", or "three or more").
Gujarat is a state in Western India and Northwest India with an area of, a coastline of – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population in excess of 60 million.
A hate group is a social group that advocates and practices hatred, hostility, or violence towards members of a race, ethnicity, nation, religion, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation or any other designated sector of society.
The Hindi Belt or Hindi Desh, sometimes referred to as the Hindi-Urdu Region, is a linguistic region in north-central India where Hindi (including its dialects) and Urdu are widely spoken.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
The Hindu American Foundation (HAF, founded September 3, 2003) is a Hindu advocacy group operating in the United States.
A Hindu temple is a symbolic house, seat and body of god.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
The history of Chinese Americans or the history of ethnic Chinese in the United States relates to the three major waves of Chinese immigration to the United States with the first beginning in the 19th century.
The history of India includes the prehistoric settlements and societies in the Indian subcontinent; the advancement of civilisation from the Indus Valley Civilisation to the eventual blending of the Indo-Aryan culture to form the Vedic Civilisation; the rise of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism;Sanderson, Alexis (2009), "The Śaiva Age: The Rise and Dominance of Śaivism during the Early Medieval Period." In: Genesis and Development of Tantrism, edited by Shingo Einoo, Tokyo: Institute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo, 2009.
The Holy See (Santa Sede; Sancta Sedes), also called the See of Rome, is the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome, the episcopal see of the Pope, and an independent sovereign entity.
Hyderabad is the capital of the Indian state of Telangana and de jure capital of Andhra Pradesh.
Indian Americans or Indo-Americans are Americans whose ancestry belongs to any of the many ethnic groups of the Republic of India.
The Indian indenture system was a system of indenture, a form of debt bondage, by which 3.5 million Indians were transported to various colonies of European powers to provide labour for the (mainly sugar) plantations.
Indo-Aryan migration models discuss scenarios around the theory of an origin from outside South Asia of Indo-Aryan peoples, an ascribed ethnolinguistic group that spoke Indo-Aryan languages, the predominant languages of North India.
The International Crimes Tribunal (Bangladesh) (ICT of Bangladesh) is a domestic war crimes tribunal in Bangladesh set up in 2009 to investigate and prosecute suspects for the genocide committed in 1971 by the Pakistan Army and their local collaborators, Razakars, Al-Badr and Al-Shams during the Bangladesh Liberation War.
Irfan Habib (born 1931) is an Indian historian of ancient and medieval India, following the approach of Marxist historiography.
Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi (اشتیاق حسين قریشی.) (20 November 1903 – 22 January 1981) popularly known as I.H. Qureshi), ''SP'', ''HI'', was a Pakistani historian, scholar, writer, and a professor of political history, first at the University of the Punjab and then at the Karachi University. Retrieved 22 April 2018 An early activist of the historic Pakistan Movement, Qureshi served in the ministries of education and frontier regions as the secretary; in addition, he was elected a member of the parliament of Pakistan. But, due to his association with academia, he resigned from his government appointments and joined the academic faculty at the Columbia University as a professor of South Asian history. But soon, he returned to Pakistan and founded the National Language Authority (NLA) in the 1970s and helped set up the History Department at the University of the Punjab. Later, Qureshi joined the faculty of history at the University of Karachi where he remained there the remainder of his life. Qureshi is also credited for editing a four-volume series on history of Pakistan.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Jammu is one of the three administrative divisions within Jammu and Kashmir, the northernmost state in India.
Jersey City is the second-most-populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey, after Newark.
Kafir (كافر; plural كَافِرُونَ, كفّار or كَفَرَة; feminine كافرة) is an Arabic term (from the root K-F-R "to cover") meaning "unbeliever", or "disbeliever".
The Rt Hon. Kamla Persad-Bissessar PBS SC MP (born 22 April 1952) is a Trinidadian and Tobagonian lawyer and politician who was the seventh Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago from 26 May 2010 to 9 September 2015.
Kashmir is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent.
Begum Khaleda Zia (IPA: kʰaled̪a dʒia; Majumder, born 1945) is a Bangladeshi politician who served as the Prime Minister of Bangladesh from 1991 to 1996, and again from 2001 to 2006.
Sir Khawaja Nazimuddin(خواجہ ناظِمُ الدّین; খাজা নাজিমুদ্দীন; 19 July 1894 – 22 October 1964),, was a Bengali politician, conservative figure, and one of the leading founding fathers of Pakistan.
Kuala Lumpur, officially the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur (Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur), or commonly known as KL, is the national capital of Malaysia as well as its largest city in the country.
For Kumaoni people see Kumaoni people Kumaon or Kumaun is one of the two regions and administrative divisions of Uttarakhand, a mountainous state of northern India, the other being Garhwal.
Kutch district (also spelled as Kachchh) is a district of Gujarat state in western India.
Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT, لشکر طیبہ; literally Army of the Good, translated as Army of the Righteous, or Army of the Pure and alternatively spelled as Lashkar-e-Tayyiba, Lashkar-e-Toiba; Lashkar-e-Taiba; Lashkar-i-Tayyeba) is one of the largest and most active Islamic terrorism militant organizations in South Asia, operating mainly from Pakistan.
The Prime Minister of Pakistan (وزِیرِ اعظم —,; Turkish lit. "Grand Vizier"), is the popularly elected politician who is the chief executive of the Government of Pakistan.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
Macaulayism refers to the policy of ostensibly eliminating indigenous culture through the planned substitution of the alien culture of a colonizing power via the education system.
Madrasa (مدرسة,, pl. مدارس) is the Arabic word for any type of educational institution, whether secular or religious (of any religion), and whether a school, college, or university.
Maharashtra (abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area.
Yamīn-ud-Dawla Abul-Qāṣim Maḥmūd ibn Sebüktegīn (یمینالدوله ابوالقاسم محمود بن سبکتگین), more commonly known as Mahmud of Ghazni (محمود غزنوی; November 971 – 30 April 1030), also known as Mahmūd-i Zābulī (محمود زابلی), was the most prominent ruler of the Ghaznavid Empire.
The Martand Sun Temple (मार्तंड सूर्य मंदिर) is a Kashmiri Hindu temple dedicated to Surya (the chief solar deity in Hinduism) and built during the 8th century CE.
Michael Witzel (born July 18, 1943) is a German-American philologist and academic.
MSNBC is an American news cable and satellite television network that provides news coverage and political commentary from NBC News on current events.
Mubarak Ali (مُبارَک علی), is a Pakistani historian, activist and scholar.
Muhammad bin Tughluq (also Prince Fakhr Malik, Jauna Khan, Ulugh Khan; died 20 March 1351) was the Sultan of Delhi from 1325 to 1351.
Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq (12 August 1924 – 17 August 1988) was a Pakistani four-star general who served as the 6th President of Pakistan from 1978 until his death in 1988, after declaring martial law in 1977.
Muslim conquests on the Indian subcontinent mainly took place from the 12th to the 16th centuries, though earlier Muslim conquests made limited inroads into modern Afghanistan and Pakistan as early as the time of the Rajput kingdoms in the 8th century.
The Muttahida Majlis–e–Amal (MMA) (Urdu:; lit. United Council of Action), is a political alliance consisting of ultra–conservative, Islamist, religious, and far-right parties of Pakistan.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
North India is a loosely defined region consisting of the northern part of India.
Odisha (formerly Orissa) is one of the 29 states of India, located in eastern India.
Operation Save America (formerly Operation Rescue National) is a fundamentalist Christian conservative organization based in Concord, North Carolina, a suburb of Charlotte, that opposes human induced abortion and its legality, Islam, and homosexuality.
Outlook is a weekly general interest English news magazine published in India.
Pakistan studies curriculum (Urdu: مطالعہ پاکستان) is the name of a curriculum of academic research and study that encompasses the culture, demographics, geography, history, and politics of Pakistan.
Pakistani nationalism refers to the political, cultural, linguistic, historical, religious and geographical expression of patriotism by the people of Pakistan, of pride in the history, heritage and identity of Pakistan, and visions for its future.
The Partition of India was the division of British India in 1947 which accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan.
Marion Gordon "Pat" Robertson (born March 22, 1930) is an American media mogul, executive chairman, politician, and former Southern Baptist minister who advocates a conservative Christian ideology.
The PBS NewsHour is an American daily evening television news program that is broadcast on the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), airing seven nights a week on more than 350 of the public broadcaster's member stations.
The People's Democratic Party was a political party in Trinidad and Tobago.
The People's National Movement (PNM) is the present-day governing political party in Trinidad and Tobago.
Politics (from Politiká, meaning "affairs of the cities") is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group.
The State of India (Estado da Índia), also referred as the Portuguese State of India (Estado Português da Índia, EPI) or simply Portuguese India (Índia Portuguesa), was a state of the Portuguese Overseas Empire, founded six years after the discovery of a sea route between Portugal and the Indian Subcontinent to serve as the governing body of a string of Portuguese fortresses and colonies overseas.
Prejudice is an affective feeling towards a person or group member based solely on that person's group membership.
The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.
The Prime Minister of Pakistan (وزِیرِ اعظم —,; lit. "Grand Vizier") is the head of government of Pakistan and designated as the "chief executive of the Republic".
The Punjab, also spelled Panjab (land of "five rivers"; Punjabi: پنجاب (Shahmukhi); ਪੰਜਾਬ (Gurumukhi); Πενταποταμία, Pentapotamia) is a geographical and cultural region in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, comprising areas of eastern Pakistan and northern India.
Punjab is a state in northern India.
The Quran (القرآن, literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanized Qur'an or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (Allah).
Raja (also spelled rajah, from Sanskrit राजन्), is a title for a monarch or princely ruler in South and Southeast Asia.
Rediff.com is an Indian news, information, entertainment and shopping web portal, founded in 1996 as "Rediff On The NeT".
Dr. Rudranath Capildeo Ph.D. MP TC (2 February 1920 – 12 May 1970) was an Indo-Trinidadian politician and mathematician.
The Sanatan Dharma Maha Sabha is the major Sanātanī Hindu (Orthodox Hindu) organisation in Trinidad and Tobago.
Selangor, also known by its Arabic honorific Darul Ehsan, or "Abode of Sincerity", is one of the 13 states of Malaysia.
Shah Alam is a city and the state capital of Selangor, Malaysia and situated within the Petaling District and a small portion of the neighbouring Klang District.
Sharia, Sharia law, or Islamic law (شريعة) is the religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition.
Sikandar Shah Miri better known as Sikandar Butshikan ("Sikandar the Iconoclast"), was the sixth sultan of the Shah Miri dynasty of Kashmir.
A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a person associated with Sikhism, a monotheistic religion that originated in the 15th century based on the revelation of Guru Nanak.
Sikhism (ਸਿੱਖੀ), or Sikhi,, from Sikh, meaning a "disciple", or a "learner"), is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent about the end of the 15th century. It is one of the youngest of the major world religions, and the fifth-largest. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, divine unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder's life. In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them (20 million) living in Punjab, the Sikh homeland in northwest India, and about 2 million living in neighboring Indian states, formerly part of the Punjab. Sikhism is based on the spiritual teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Guru (1469–1539), and the nine Sikh gurus that succeeded him. The Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, named the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib as his successor, terminating the line of human Gurus and making the scripture the eternal, religious spiritual guide for Sikhs.Louis Fenech and WH McLeod (2014),, 3rd Edition, Rowman & Littlefield,, pages 17, 84-85William James (2011), God's Plenty: Religious Diversity in Kingston, McGill Queens University Press,, pages 241–242 Sikhism rejects claims that any particular religious tradition has a monopoly on Absolute Truth. The Sikh scripture opens with Ik Onkar (ੴ), its Mul Mantar and fundamental prayer about One Supreme Being (God). Sikhism emphasizes simran (meditation on the words of the Guru Granth Sahib), that can be expressed musically through kirtan or internally through Nam Japo (repeat God's name) as a means to feel God's presence. It teaches followers to transform the "Five Thieves" (lust, rage, greed, attachment, and ego). Hand in hand, secular life is considered to be intertwined with the spiritual life., page.
The Somnath temple located in Prabhas Patan near Veraval in Saurashtra on the western coast of Gujarat, is believed to be the first among the twelve jyotirlinga shrines of Shiva.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
South India is the area encompassing the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana as well as the union territories of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Puducherry, occupying 19% of India's area.
Sringeri Sharada Peetham is the southern Advaita Vedanta matha or monastery established by Adi Shankara in the 8th century AD.
In law, sua sponte (Latin: "of his, her, its or their own accord") or suo motu "on its own motion" describes an act of authority taken without formal prompting from another party.
Subang is a suburb located in Petaling District, Selangor, Malaysia.
The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) provides the global sustainable development community with representation from Pakistan as well as South Asia as a whole.
The Taliban (طالبان "students"), alternatively spelled Taleban, which refers to itself as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (IEA), is a Sunni Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan currently waging war (an insurgency, or jihad) within that country.
The Temple in the Sea is a Hindu pilgrimage site in Waterloo, Trinidad and Tobago.
A textbook or coursebook (UK English) is a manual of instruction in any branch of study.
The Daily Ittefaq (দৈনিক ইত্তেফাক translit. Doinik Ittefak) is a Bengali-language daily newspaper.
The Daily Star is the largest circulating daily English-language newspaper in Bangladesh.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians is a book comprising translations of medieval Persian chronicles based on the work of Henry Miers Elliot.
The Jersey Journal is a daily newspaper, published from Monday through Saturday, covering news and events throughout Hudson County, New Jersey.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Tipu Sultan (born Sultan Fateh Ali Sahab Tipu, 20 November 1750 – 4 May 1799), also known as the Tipu Sahib, was a ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore.
The Kingdom of Travancore was an Indian kingdom from 1729 until 1949.
Trinidad and Tobago, officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a twin island sovereign state that is the southernmost nation of the West Indies in the Caribbean.
Ululation,, is a long, wavering, high-pitched vocal sound resembling a howl with a trilling quality.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United National Congress (UNC) is one of the two major political parties in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago and one of the main parties in the current opposition.
United Press International (UPI) is an international news agency whose newswires, photo, news film, and audio services provided news material to thousands of newspapers, magazines, radio and television stations for most of the 20th century.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a public research university with campuses in Vancouver and Kelowna, British Columbia.
Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language.
The West Coast or Pacific Coast is the coastline along which the contiguous Western United States meets the North Pacific Ocean.
The status of women in India has been subject to many great changes over the past few millennia.
Xenophobia is the fear and distrust of that which is perceived to be foreign or strange.
Yellow badges (or yellow patches), also referred to as Jewish badges (Judenstern, lit. Jewry star), are badges that Jews and Christians were ordered to sew on their outer garments to mark them as Jews and Christians in public at certain times in certain countries, serving as a badge of shame.
The Yellow Peril (also Yellow Terror and Yellow Spectre) is a racist color-metaphor that is integral to the xenophobic theory of colonialism: that the peoples of East Asia are a danger to the Western world.
Ziyauddin Barani (1285–1357) was a Muslim political thinker of the Delhi Sultanate located in present-day North India during Muhammad bin Tughlaq and Firuz Shah's reign.
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (5 January 1928 – 4 April 1979) was a Pakistani politician who served as the 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977, and prior to that as the 4th President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973.
Animosity against Hinduism, Animosity towards Hinduism, Anti Hindu, Anti hindu, Anti hinduism, Anti-Hindu, Anti-Hinduism, Anti-Hinduism in Pakistan, Anti-hindu, Antihinduism, Antihinduism in Pakistan, Criticism of Hinduism, Criticism of hinduism, Criticisms of Hinduism, Discrimination against Hindus in Pakistan, Hinduphobe, Hinduphobia, Hinduphobic.