70 relations: Alpine orogeny, Asymmetry, Bed (geology), Bloomsburg Formation, Blue Ridge Mountains, Buckling, Cambrian, Carboniferous, Catskill Formation, Chert, Chile, Cleavage (geology), Compression (physics), Conococheague Formation, Convex curve, Crete, Cumberland Narrows, Curvature, Diapir, Dome (geology), Early Cretaceous, Economy, Elk Basin, Fold (geology), Foliation (geology), Fulton County, Pennsylvania, General Carrera Lake, Geologic map, Geomorphology, Ghawar Field, Halite, Homocline, Inflection point, Interstate 70, Late Jurassic, Lebanon, Limestone, Magma, Miocene, Monocline, Motor vehicle, Natural gas, New Jersey, Nittany Valley, Nova Scotia, Oil, Oligocene, Outcrop, Pennsylvania, Perpendicular, ..., Petroleum, Purcell Mountains, Richat Structure, River anticlines, Roundtop Hill (Maryland), Salt dome, Shale, Smoke Hole Canyon, Stratum, Strike and dip, Structural geology, Structural trap, Syncline, The Ovens, Nova Scotia, Thrust fault, Tuscarora Sandstone, Ventura Oil Field, Weald–Artois Anticline, Wills Creek Formation, Wills Mountain. Expand index (20 more) » « Shrink index
The Alpine orogeny or Alpide orogeny is an orogenic phase in the Late Mesozoic (Eoalpine) and the current Cenozoic that has formed the mountain ranges of the Alpide belt.
Asymmetry is the absence of, or a violation of, symmetry (the property of an object being invariant to a transformation, such as reflection).
Salto del Fraile Formation, Peru. Beds are the layers of sedimentary rocks that are distinctly different from overlying and underlying subsequent beds of different sedimentary rocks.
The Silurian Bloomsburg Formation is a mapped bedrock unit in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York and Maryland.
The Blue Ridge Mountains are a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian Mountains range.
In science, buckling is a mathematical instability that leads to a failure mode.
The Cambrian Period was the first geological period of the Paleozoic Era, and of the Phanerozoic Eon.
The Carboniferous is a geologic period and system that spans 60 million years from the end of the Devonian Period million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Permian Period, Mya.
The Devonian Catskill Formation or the Catskill clastic wedge is a unit of mostly terrestrial sedimentary rock found in Pennsylvania and New York.
Chert is a fine-grained sedimentary rock composed of microcrystalline or cryptocrystalline silica, the mineral form of silicon dioxide (SiO2).
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Cleavage, in structural geology and petrology, describes a type of planar rock feature that develops as a result of deformation and metamorphism.
In mechanics, compression is the application of balanced inward ("pushing") forces to different points on a material or structure, that is, forces with no net sum or torque directed so as to reduce its size in one or more directions.
The Conococheague Formation is a mapped Appalachian bedrock unit of Cambrian age, consisting primarily of limestone and dolomite.
In geometry, a convex curve is a curve in the Euclidean plane which lies completely on one side of each and every one of its tangent lines.
Crete (Κρήτη,; Ancient Greek: Κρήτη, Krḗtē) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, the 88th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, and Corsica.
The Cumberland Narrows (or simply "The Narrows") is a water gap in western Maryland in the United States, just west of Cumberland.
In mathematics, curvature is any of a number of loosely related concepts in different areas of geometry.
A diapir (French, from Greek diapeirein, to pierce through) is a type of geologic intrusion in which a more mobile and ductily deformable material is forced into brittle overlying rocks.
A dome is a feature in structural geology consisting of symmetrical anticlines that intersect each other at their respective apices.
The Early Cretaceous/Middle Cretaceous (geochronological name) or the Lower Cretaceous (chronostratigraphic name), is the earlier or lower of the two major divisions of the Cretaceous.
An economy (from Greek οίκος – "household" and νέμoμαι – "manage") is an area of the production, distribution, or trade, and consumption of goods and services by different agents.
Elk Basin is a valley on the border of Montana and Wyoming in the United States.
A geological fold occurs when one or a stack of originally flat and planar surfaces, such as sedimentary strata, are bent or curved as a result of permanent deformation.
Foliation in geology refers to repetitive layering in metamorphic rocks.
Fulton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
General Carrera Lake (Chilean side, officially renamed in 1959) or Lake Buenos Aires (Argentine side) is a lake located in Patagonia and shared by Argentina and Chile.
A geologic map or geological map is a special-purpose map made to show geological features.
Geomorphology (from Ancient Greek: γῆ, gê, "earth"; μορφή, morphḗ, "form"; and λόγος, lógos, "study") is the scientific study of the origin and evolution of topographic and bathymetric features created by physical, chemical or biological processes operating at or near the Earth's surface.
Ghawar (Arabic: الغوار) is an oil field located in Al-Ahsa Governorate, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia.
Halite, commonly known as rock salt, is a type of salt, the mineral (natural) form of sodium chloride (NaCl).
In structural geology, a homocline or homoclinal structure (from old homo.
In differential calculus, an inflection point, point of inflection, flex, or inflection (British English: inflexion) is a point on a continuously differentiable plane curve at which the curve crosses its tangent, that is, the curve changes from being concave (concave downward) to convex (concave upward), or vice versa.
Interstate 70 (I-70) is a major Interstate Highway in the United States that runs from I-15 near Cove Fort, Utah to I-695 near Baltimore, Maryland.
The Late Jurassic is the third epoch of the Jurassic period, and it spans the geologic time from 163.5 ± 1.0 to 145.0 ± 0.8 million years ago (Ma), which is preserved in Upper Jurassic strata.
Lebanon (لبنان; Lebanese pronunciation:; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
Magma (from Ancient Greek μάγμα (mágma) meaning "thick unguent") is a mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets and some natural satellites.
The Miocene is the first geological epoch of the Neogene Period and extends from about (Ma).
A monocline (or, rarely, a monoform) is a step-like fold in rock strata consisting of a zone of steeper dip within an otherwise horizontal or gently-dipping sequence.
A motor vehicle is a self-propelled vehicle, commonly wheeled, that does not operate on rails, such as trains or trams and used for the transportation of passengers, or passengers and property.
Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.
The Nittany Valley is an eroded anticlinal valley in the central portion of Centre County, Pennsylvania in the United States.
Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland"; Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is one of Canada's three maritime provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada.
An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (does not mix with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (mixes with other oils, literally "fat loving").
The Oligocene is a geologic epoch of the Paleogene Period and extends from about 33.9 million to 23 million years before the present (to). As with other older geologic periods, the rock beds that define the epoch are well identified but the exact dates of the start and end of the epoch are slightly uncertain.
An outcrop or rocky outcrop is a visible exposure of bedrock or ancient superficial deposits on the surface of the Earth.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
In elementary geometry, the property of being perpendicular (perpendicularity) is the relationship between two lines which meet at a right angle (90 degrees).
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
The Purcell Mountains are a mountain range in southeastern British Columbia, Canada.
The Richat Structure, also known as the Eye of the Sahara and Guelb er Richat, is a prominent circular feature in the Sahara near Ouadane, west–central Mauritania.
A river anticline is a geologic structure that is formed by the focused uplift of rock caused by high erosion rates from large rivers relative to the surrounding areas.
Roundtop Hill is a mountain in Washington County, Maryland, southwest of the town of Hancock.
A salt dome is a type of structural dome formed when a thick bed of evaporite minerals (mainly salt, or halite) found at depth intrudes vertically into surrounding rock strata, forming a diapir.
Shale is a fine-grained, clastic sedimentary rock composed of mud that is a mix of flakes of clay minerals and tiny fragments (silt-sized particles) of other minerals, especially quartz and calcite.
Smoke Hole Canyon — traditionally called The Smoke Holes and later simply Smoke Hole — is a rugged long gorge carved by the South Branch Potomac River in the Allegheny Mountains of eastern West Virginia, United States.
In geology and related fields, a stratum (plural: strata) is a layer of sedimentary rock or soil, or igneous rock that were formed at the Earth's surface, with internally consistent characteristics that distinguish it from other layers.
Strike and dip refer to the orientation or attitude of a geologic feature.
Structural geology is the study of the three-dimensional distribution of rock units with respect to their deformational histories.
In petroleum geology, a structural trap is a type of geological trap that forms as a result of changes in the structure of the subsurface, due to tectonic, diapiric, gravitational and compactional processes.
In structural geology, a syncline is a fold with younger layers closer to the center of the structure.
The Ovens Natural Park in Feltzen South is part of the fairhaven site of a Gold Rush over a century ago.
A thrust fault is a break in the Earth's crust, across which older rocks are pushed above younger rocks.
The Silurian Tuscarora Formation — also known as Tuscarora Sandstone or Tuscarora Quartzite — is a mapped bedrock unit in Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, and Virginia, USA.
The Ventura Oil Field is a large and currently productive oil field in the hills immediately north of the city of Ventura in southern California in the United States.
The Weald–Artois anticline is a large anticline, a geological structure running between the regions of the Weald in southern England and Artois in northeastern France.
The Silurian Wills Creek Formation is a mapped bedrock unit in Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia.
Wills Mountain is a quartzite-capped ridge in the Ridge and Valley physiographic province of the Appalachian Mountains in Pennsylvania and Maryland, United States, extending from near Bedford, Pennsylvania, to near Cumberland, Maryland.