174 relations: Acinetobacter baumannii, Acute abdomen, Adverse effect, African trypanosomiasis, Alexander Fleming, Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics, Antibacterial soap, Antibiotic, Antibiotic misuse, Antibiotic sensitivity, Antibiotic use in livestock, Antifungal, Antimicrobial resistance, Antimicrobial stewardship, Antiprotozoal, Antiviral drug, Artemisinin, Aspergillus fumigatus, Avoparcin, Bacillus licheniformis, Bacteria, Bacteriophage, Barack Obama, Belgium, Benznidazole, Beta-lactamase, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, British Museum, Broad-spectrum antibiotic, Campylobacter, Candida (fungus), Candida albicans, Candidiasis, Cefoxitin, Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy, Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cephalosporin, Chagas disease, Chemotherapy, Chromosome, Clindamycin, Clostridium, Clostridium difficile (bacteria), Colonization resistance, Common cold, Community-acquired pneumonia, Cryptococcus neoformans, Cryptosporidiosis, ..., Cytomegalovirus, Davos, Developing country, Diarrhea, DNA gyrase, Drug development, Drug of last resort, Echinocandin, Efflux (microbiology), Endospore, Enzyme, Epstein–Barr virus, Escherichia coli, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Evolution, Evolutionary pressure, Fiscal year, Fluconazole, Folate, Food and Drug Administration, France, Franklin's lost expedition, Genetic engineering, Genome, George Eliava Institute, Georgia (country), Germany, GlaxoSmithKline, Glycopeptide antibiotic, Gram-negative bacteria, Greece, Gut flora, Habitat, Hand washing, HealthMap, Heavy metals, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Herpesviridae, HIV, Horizontal gene transfer, Human waste, Hygiene, Immunodeficiency, Influenza, Influenza vaccine, Β-lactam antibiotic, Leishmaniasis, List of antibiotics, Malaria, Marine ecosystem, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Microevolution, Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis, Multidrug tolerance, Multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria, Multiple drug resistance, Mutation, National Institutes of Health, Netherlands, New Delhi, New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase 1, Nifurtimox, Nucleic acid, OECD, Opportunistic infection, Organism, Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Act, Pathogen, Pathogenic bacteria, Penicillin, Penicillin binding proteins, Pentamidine, Pfizer, Phage therapy, Prevalence, Protein, Protozoa, Quinolone antibiotic, Research and development, Resistance-nodulation-cell division superfamily, Resistome, Sanitation, Selectable marker, Semipermeable membrane, Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, Staphylococcus aureus, Strain (biology), Streptomycin, Sulfonamide (medicine), Suramin, Sustainable Development Goal 6, Sustainable Development Goals, Sweden, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Switzerland, The BMJ, The Real News, Therapy, Topoisomerase IV, Toxoplasmosis, Treaty, Trichophyton, Trypanosoma, Trypanosomiasis, United States Congress, United States Department of Agriculture, United States Department of Health and Human Services, United States President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, Vaccine, Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus, Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Varicella zoster virus, Virus, WASH, Wastewater, Wastewater treatment, Water pollution, White House, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization, World Organisation for Animal Health, Wrocław, 4-Aminobenzoic acid. Expand index (124 more) » « Shrink index
Acinetobacter baumannii is a typically short, almost round, rod-shaped (coccobacillus) Gram-negative bacterium.
An acute abdomen refers to a sudden, severe abdominal pain.
In medicine, an adverse effect is an undesired harmful effect resulting from a medication or other intervention such as surgery.
African trypanosomiasis, also known as sleeping sickness, is an insect-borne parasitic disease of humans and other animals.
Sir Alexander Fleming (6 August 1881 – 11 March 1955) was a Scottish physician, microbiologist, and pharmacologist.
The Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics (APUA) is a non-profit organization founded in 1981 by Stuart B. Levy, Professor of Medicine at Tufts University and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.
Antibacterial soap is a soap which contains chemical ingredients that purportedly assist in killing bacteria.
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
Antibiotic misuse, sometimes called antibiotic abuse or antibiotic overuse, refers to the misuse or overuse of antibiotics, with potentially serious effects on health.
Antibiotic sensitivity or antibiotic susceptibility is the susceptibility of bacteria to antibiotics.
Antibiotic use in livestock is the use of antibiotics for any purpose in the husbandry of livestock, which includes treatment when ill (therapeutic), treatment of a batch of animals when at least one is diagnosed as ill (metaphylaxis, similar to the way bacterial meningitis is treated in children), and preventative treatment (prophylaxis) against disease.
An antifungal medication, also known as an antimycotic medication, is a pharmaceutical fungicide or fungistatic used to treat and prevent mycosis such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis (thrush), serious systemic infections such as cryptococcal meningitis, and others.
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR or AR) is the ability of a microbe to resist the effects of medication that once could successfully treat the microbe.
Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) is the systematic effort to educate and persuade prescribers of antimicrobials to follow evidence-based prescribing, in order to stem antibiotic overuse, and thus antimicrobial resistance.
Antiprotozoal agents (ATC code: ATC P01) is a class of pharmaceuticals used in treatment of protozoan infection.
Antiviral drugs are a class of medication used specifically for treating viral infections rather than bacterial ones.
Artemisinin and its semi-synthetic derivatives are a group of drugs used against Plasmodium falciparum malaria.
Aspergillus fumigatus is a fungus of the genus Aspergillus, and is one of the most common Aspergillus species to cause disease in individuals with an immunodeficiency.
Avoparcin is a glycopeptide antibiotic effective against Gram-positive bacteria.
Bacillus licheniformis is a bacterium commonly found in the soil.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
A bacteriophage, also known informally as a phage, is a virus that infects and replicates within Bacteria and Archaea.
Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Benznidazole is an antiparasitic medication used in the treatment of Chagas disease.
Beta-lactamases are enzymes produced by bacteria that provide multi-resistance to β-lactam antibiotics such as penicillins, cephalosporins, cephamycins, and carbapenems (ertapenem), although carbapenems are relatively resistant to beta-lactamase.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), also known as the Gates Foundation, is a private foundation founded by Bill and Melinda Gates.
The Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA) is a U.S. Department of Health and Human Services office responsible for procurement and development of countermeasures principally against bioterrorism, but also including chemical, nuclear and radiological threats as well as pandemic influenza and emerging diseases.
The British Museum, located in the Bloomsbury area of London, United Kingdom, is a public institution dedicated to human history, art and culture.
The term broad-spectrum antibiotic can refer to an antibiotic that acts on the two major bacterial groups, gram-positive and gram-negative, or any antibiotic that acts against a wide range of disease-causing bacteria.
Campylobacter (meaning "curved bacteria") is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria.
Candida is a genus of yeasts and is the most common cause of fungal infections worldwide.
Candida albicans is an opportunistic pathogenic yeast that is a common member of the human gut flora.
Candidiasis is a fungal infection due to any type of Candida (a type of yeast).
Cefoxitin is a second-generation cephamycin antibiotic developed by Merck & Co., Inc.
The Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy (CDDEP) is a public health research organization with headquarters in Washington, D.C. and New Delhi.
The Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP) is a center within the University of Minnesota that focuses on addressing public health preparedness and emerging infectious disease response.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the leading national public health institute of the United States.
The cephalosporins (sg.) are a class of β-lactam antibiotics originally derived from the fungus Acremonium, which was previously known as "Cephalosporium".
Chagas disease, also known as American trypanosomiasis, is a tropical parasitic disease caused by the protist Trypanosoma cruzi.
Chemotherapy (often abbreviated to chemo and sometimes CTX or CTx) is a type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapeutic agents) as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen.
A chromosome (from Ancient Greek: χρωμόσωμα, chromosoma, chroma means colour, soma means body) is a DNA molecule with part or all of the genetic material (genome) of an organism.
Clindamycin is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.
Clostridium is a genus of Gram-positive bacteria, which includes several significant human pathogens, including the causative agent of botulism and an important cause of diarrhea, Clostridium difficile.
Clostridium difficile (etymology and pronunciation), also known as C. difficile, C. diff, or sometimes CDF/cdf, is a species of Gram-positive spore-forming bacterium.
Colonization resistance is the mechanism whereby the intestinal microbiota protects itself against incursion by new and often harmful microorganisms.
The common cold, also known simply as a cold, is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract that primarily affects the nose.
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) refers to pneumonia (any of several lung diseases) contracted by a person with little contact with the healthcare system.
Cryptococcus neoformans is an encapsulated yeast and an obligate aerobe that can live in both plants and animals.
Cryptosporidiosis, also known as crypto, is a parasitic disease caused by Cryptosporidium, a genus of protozoan parasites in the phylum Apicomplexa.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) (from the Greek cyto-, "cell", and megalo-, "large") is a genus of viruses in the order Herpesvirales, in the family Herpesviridae, in the subfamily Betaherpesvirinae.
Davos (German pronunciation; Tavau, archaic Italian: Tavate) is an Alpine town, and a municipality in the Prättigau/Davos Region in the canton of Graubünden, Switzerland.
A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.
DNA gyrase, or simply gyrase, is an enzyme within the class of topoisomerase (Type II topoisomerase) that relieves strain while double-stranded DNA is being unwound by helicase.
Drug development is the process of bringing a new pharmaceutical drug to the market once a lead compound has been identified through the process of drug discovery.
A drug of last resort (DoLR) is a pharmaceutical drug that is tried after all other drug options have failed to produce an adequate response in the patient.
Echinocandins are a new class of antifungal drugs that inhibit the synthesis of glucan in the cell wall, via noncompetitive inhibition of the enzyme 1,3-β glucan synthase and are thus called "penicillin of antifungals" (a property shared with papulacandins) as penicillin has a similar mechanism against bacteria but not fungi.
Active efflux is a mechanism responsible for moving compounds, like neurotransmitters, toxic substances, and antibiotics, out of the cell; this is considered to be a vital part of xenobiotic metabolism.
An endospore is a dormant, tough, and non-reproductive structure produced by certain bacteria from the Firmicute phylum.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
The Epstein–Barr virus (EBV), also called human herpesvirus 4 (HHV-4), is one of eight known human herpesvirus types in the herpes family, and is one of the most common viruses in humans.
Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).
The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) is an independent agency of the European Union (EU) whose mission is to strengthen Europe's defences against infectious diseases.
Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.
Any cause that reduces reproductive success in a portion of a population potentially exerts evolutionary pressure, selective pressure or selection pressure.
A fiscal year (or financial year, or sometimes budget year) is the period used by governments for accounting and budget purposes, which vary between countries.
Fluconazole is an antifungal medication used for a number of fungal infections.
Folate, distinct forms of which are known as folic acid, folacin, and vitamin B9, is one of the B vitamins.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Franklin's lost expedition was a British voyage of Arctic exploration led by Captain Sir John Franklin that departed England in 1845 aboard two ships, and.
Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification or genetic manipulation, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genes using biotechnology.
In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism.
The George Eliava Institute of Bacteriophage, Microbiology and Virology (aka Tbilisi Institute) has been active since the 1930s in the field of phage therapy, which is used to combat microbial infection (cf. antibiotic-resistant strains).
Georgia (tr) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
GlaxoSmithKline plc (GSK) is a British pharmaceutical company headquartered in Brentford, London.
Glycopeptide antibiotics are a class of drugs of microbial origin that are composed of glycosylated cyclic or polycyclic nonribosomal peptides.
Gram-negative bacteria are bacteria that do not retain the crystal violet stain used in the gram-staining method of bacterial differentiation.
Gut flora, or gut microbiota, or gastrointestinal microbiota, is the complex community of microorganisms that live in the digestive tracts of humans and other animals, including insects.
In ecology, a habitat is the type of natural environment in which a particular species of organism lives.
Hand washing, also known as hand hygiene, is the act of cleaning hands for the purpose of removing soil, dirt, and microorganisms.
HealthMap is a freely accessible, automated electronic information system for monitoring, organizing, and visualizing reports of global disease outbreaks according to geography, time, and infectious disease agent.
Heavy metals are generally defined as metals with relatively high densities, atomic weights, or atomic numbers.
Hepatitis B is an infectious disease caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) that affects the liver.
Hepatitis C is an infectious disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) that primarily affects the liver.
Herpesviridae is a large family of DNA viruses that cause diseases in animals, including humans.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) or lateral gene transfer (LGT) is the movement of genetic material between unicellular and/or multicellular organisms other than by the ("vertical") transmission of DNA from parent to offspring.
Human waste (or human excreta) is a waste type usually used to refer to byproducts of digestion, such as feces and urine.
Hygiene is a set of practices performed to preserve health.
Immunodeficiency (or immune deficiency) is a state in which the immune system's ability to fight infectious disease and cancer is compromised or entirely absent.
Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus.
Influenza vaccines, also known as flu shots or flu jabs, are vaccines that protect against infection by Influenza viruses.
β-lactam antibiotics (beta-lactam antibiotics) are a class of broad-spectrum antibiotics, consisting of all antibiotic agents that contain a beta-lactam ring in their molecular structures.
Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by parasites of the Leishmania type.
The following is a list of antibiotics.
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.
Marine ecosystems are among the largest of Earth's aquatic ecosystems.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) refers to a group of gram-positive bacteria that are genetically distinct from other strains of Staphylococcus aureus.
Microevolution is the change in allele frequencies that occurs over time within a population.
Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a form of tuberculosis (TB) infection caused by bacteria that are resistant to treatment with at least two of the most powerful first-line anti-TB medications (drugs), isoniazid and rifampin.
Multidrug tolerance or antibiotic tolerance is the ability of a disease-causing microorganism to resist being killed by antibiotics or other antimicrobials.
Multidrug resistant Gram-negative bacteria (MDRGN bacteria) are a type of Gram-negative bacteria with resistance to multiple antibiotics.
Multiple drug resistance (MDR), multidrug resistance or multiresistance is antimicrobial resistance shown by a species of microorganism to multiple antimicrobial drugs.
In biology, a mutation is the permanent alteration of the nucleotide sequence of the genome of an organism, virus, or extrachromosomal DNA or other genetic elements.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical and public health research, founded in the late 1870s.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
New Delhi is an urban district of Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of all three branches of Government of India.
New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase 1 (NDM-1) is an enzyme that makes bacteria resistant to a broad range of beta-lactam antibiotics.
Nifurtimox is a medication used to treat Chagas disease and sleeping sickness.
Nucleic acids are biopolymers, or small biomolecules, essential to all known forms of life.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
An opportunistic infection is an infection caused by pathogens (bacteria, viruses, fungi, or protozoa) that take advantage of an opportunity not normally available, such as a host with a weakened immune system, an altered microbiota (such as a disrupted gut microbiota), or breached integumentary barriers.
In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.
On December 19, 2006, the Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Act (PAHPA), Public Law No.
In biology, a pathogen (πάθος pathos "suffering, passion" and -γενής -genēs "producer of") or a '''germ''' in the oldest and broadest sense is anything that can produce disease; the term came into use in the 1880s.
Pathogenic bacteria are bacteria that can cause disease.
Penicillin (PCN or pen) is a group of antibiotics which include penicillin G (intravenous use), penicillin V (use by mouth), procaine penicillin, and benzathine penicillin (intramuscular use).
Penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) are a group of proteins that are characterized by their affinity for and binding of penicillin.
Pentamidine is an antimicrobial medication used to treat African trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, babesiosis, and to prevent and treat pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in people with poor immune function.
Pfizer Inc. is an American pharmaceutical conglomerate headquartered in New York City, with its research headquarters in Groton, Connecticut.
Phage therapy or viral phage therapy is the therapeutic use of bacteriophages to treat pathogenic bacterial infections.
Prevalence in epidemiology is the proportion of a particular population found to be affected by a medical condition (typically a disease or a risk factor such as smoking or seat-belt use).
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Protozoa (also protozoan, plural protozoans) is an informal term for single-celled eukaryotes, either free-living or parasitic, which feed on organic matter such as other microorganisms or organic tissues and debris.
A quinolone antibiotic is any member of a large group of broad-spectrum bactericides that share a bicyclic core structure related to the compound 4-quinolone.
Research and development (R&D, R+D, or R'n'D), also known in Europe as research and technological development (RTD), refers to innovative activities undertaken by corporations or governments in developing new services or products, or improving existing services or products.
Resistance-nodulation-division (RND) family transporters are a category of bacterial efflux pumps, especially identified in Gram-negative bacteria and located in the cytoplasmic membrane, that actively transport substrates.
The resistome is a proposed expression by Gerard D. Wright for the collection of all the antibiotic resistance genes and their precursors in both pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria.
Sanitation refers to public health conditions related to clean drinking water and adequate treatment and disposal of human excreta and sewage.
A selectable marker is a gene introduced into a cell, especially a bacterium or to cells in culture, that confers a trait suitable for artificial selection.
A semipermeable membrane is a type of biological or synthetic, polymeric membrane that will allow certain molecules or ions to pass through it by diffusion—or occasionally by more specialized processes of facilitated diffusion, passive transport or active transport.
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is the development of a bacterial infection in the peritoneum causing peritonitis, despite the absence of an obvious source for the infection.
Staphylococcus aureus is a Gram-positive, round-shaped bacterium that is a member of the Firmicutes, and it is a member of the normal flora of the body, frequently found in the nose, respiratory tract, and on the skin.
In biology, a strain is a low-level taxonomic rank used at the intraspecific level (within a species).
Streptomycin is an antibiotic used to treat a number of bacterial infections.
Sulfonamide (also called sulphonamide, sulfa drugs or sulpha drugs) is the basis of several groups of drugs.
Suramin is a medication used to treat African sleeping sickness and river blindness.
Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG6 or SDG 6), one of 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the UN in 2015.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a good collection of 17 global goals set by the United Nations in 2015.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
The Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Styrelsen för Internationellt Utvecklingssamarbete, Sida) is a government agency of the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
The BMJ is a weekly peer-reviewed medical journal.
The Real News Network (TRNN) is a nonprofit news organization.
Therapy (often abbreviated tx, Tx, or Tx) is the attempted remediation of a health problem, usually following a diagnosis.
Topoisomerase IV is one of two type-II topoisomerases in bacteria, the other being DNA gyrase.
Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease caused by Toxoplasma gondii.
A treaty is an agreement under international law entered into by actors in international law, namely sovereign states and international organizations.
Trichophyton is a genus of fungi, which includes the parasitic varieties that cause tinea, including athlete's foot, ringworm, jock itch, and similar infections of the nail, beard, skin and scalp.
Trypanosoma is a genus of kinetoplastids (class Kinetoplastida), a monophyletic group of unicellular parasitic flagellate protozoa.
Trypanosomiasis or trypanosomosis is the name of several diseases in vertebrates caused by parasitic protozoan trypanosomes of the genus Trypanosoma.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
The United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), also known as the Health Department, is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services.
The United States President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) is a council, chartered (or re-chartered) in each administration with a broad mandate to advise the President on science and technology.
A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease.
Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus, or vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), are bacterial strains of the genus Enterococcus that are resistant to the antibiotic vancomycin.
Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus are strains of Staphylococcus aureus that have become resistant to the glycopeptide antibiotic vancomycin.
Varicella zoster virus or varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is one of eight herpesviruses known to infect humans.
A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.
WASH (or Watsan, WaSH) is an acronym that stands for "water, sanitation and hygiene".
Wastewater (or waste water) is any water that has been affected by human use.
Wastewater treatment is a process used to convert wastewater into an effluent (outflowing of water to a receiving body of water) that can be returned to the water cycle with minimal impact on the environment or directly reused.
Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies, usually as a result of human activities.
The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States.
The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a Swiss nonprofit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva, Switzerland.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) is an intergovernmental organization coordinating, supporting and promoting animal disease control.
Wrocław (Breslau; Vratislav; Vratislavia) is the largest city in western Poland.
4-Aminobenzoic acid (also known as para-aminobenzoic acid or PABA because the number 4 carbon in the benzene ring is also known as the para position) is an organic compound with the formula H2NC6H4CO2H.
Antibacterial resistance, Antibiotic Awareness Week, Antibiotic Resistance, Antibiotic resistance, Antibiotic resistance in humans, Antibiotic resistant, Antibiotic-resistance, Antibiotic-resistant, Antibiotic-resistant bacteria, Antibiotical resistance, Antibiotics resistant, Antimycotic resistance, Bacterial resistance, Causes of antimicrobial resistance, Drug resistant bacteria, Drug-resistant bacteria, Multi-drug resistant bacteria, Multiresistance, Multiresistant, Origin of antibiotic resistance, Post-antibiotic era, Super bacterium, Super bug (bacteria), Superbacteria, Superbug, Supergerm, World Antibiotic Awareness Week.