298 relations: Acoustics, Aesthetics, Airbus A340, Alabaster, Alfonso XII of Spain, Alhambra, Alms, Altar, Altarpiece of Alella, Anarchy, Anatomy, Antependium, Apse, Area (architecture), Asceticism, Ashlar, Assembly hall, Atrium (architecture), Auvergne, Baix Camp, Banner of Misericordia, Baptism, Barcelona, Barcelona Cathedral, Barcelona França railway station, Barometer, Baroque, Basalt, Bauhaus, Beatification, Bee, Begging, Bellesguard, Blanes, Bodegas Güell, Bone, Bourgeoisie, Buttress, Byzantine Empire, Caduceus, Camino de Santiago, Cantabria, Carpentry, Casa Batlló, Casa Botines, Casa Calvet, Casa Milà, Casa Vicens, Catalan vault, Catalans, ..., Catalonia, Catenary arch, Catholic Church, Cèsar Martinell i Brunet, Cement tile, Ceramic, Ceramic art, Cercle Artístic de Sant Lluc, Chapter (religion), Cholera, Christopher Rouse (composer), Church of Colònia Güell, Civil Guard (Spain), Collbató, Column, Comillas, Concert de Gaudí, Cone, Congress of Deputies, Conic section, Coppersmith, Crypt, Dandy, Dionís Renart, Dorian mode, Drafter, Eduardo Torroja, Eixample, El Bierzo, El Capricho, Elies Rogent, Empire State Building, Enric Prat de la Riba, Episcopal Palace, Astorga, Epistle side, Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, Eusebi Güell, Exposition Universelle (1878), Fasting, Félix Candela, Floral Games, Forging, Fractal, Francesc Cambó, Francesc de Paula Rius i Taulet, Francis of Paola, Francisco de Paula del Villar y Lozano, Frei Otto, Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Frieze, Garden city movement, Gaudí Awards, Gaudi House Museum, Gazebo, Generalife, Generatrix, Geometry, Gothic architecture, Gothic art, Gothic Revival architecture, Gouache, Gourmet, Grammy Award, Grammy Award for Best Classical Contemporary Composition, Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, Granada, Grand Palais, Granite, Gregorian chant, Hamlet, Helicoid, Hercules, Hesperides, Hindu, Historicism, Holy Family, Hospital de Sant Pau, Hotel Attraction, Human factors and ergonomics, Human skeleton, Hyperboloid, Hypostyle, Iberian Peninsula, India, Industrial Revolution, Infantry, Interior design, Iran, Islamic art, Jacint Verdaguer, Jagdschloss, Jaime Balmes, James I of Aragon, Japan, Joan Maragall, Joan Martorell, Joan Rubió, John Ruskin, Josep Fontserè i Mestre, Josep Llimona i Bruguera, Josep Lluís Sert, Josep Maria Jujol, Josep Torras i Bages, Juan Eduardo Cirlot, Juncaceae, Kenji Imai, La Mercè, La Rambla, Barcelona, Le Corbusier, León, Spain, Limestone, List of Gaudí buildings, Liturgy, Llorenç Matamala i Piñol, Lluís Graner, Longeing, Lope de Vega, Mahogany, Mallorca, Marble, Marquetry, Martin of Aragon, Masterpiece, Mataró, Málaga, Mercury (mythology), Merlon, Michelle Bachelet, Miguel Primo de Rivera, Moat, Modernisme, Monstrance, Montserrat (mountain), Moors, Mosaic, Motif (music), Mudéjar, Museum of Modern Art, Nagasaki, Nasrid dynasty, National Day of Catalonia, Nazari, NewMusicBox, Newsagent's shop, Nikolaus Pevsner, Norman Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank, Noucentisme, Olius, Olympiastadion (Munich), Order of Saint Benedict, Orestes, Oriol Bohigas, Oscar Niemeyer, Owen Jones (architect), Palau de la Música Catalana, Palau dels Esports de Barcelona, Palau Güell, Palau Reial de Pedralbes, Palau Reial Major, Papier-mâché, Parabolic arch, Paraboloid, Parc de la Ciutadella, Park Güell, Pastel, Pau Audouard, Phalanstère, Philip Neri, Piarists, Pier Luigi Nervi, Plaça de Catalunya, Plaça Reial, Plane (geometry), Plaster, Poblet Monastery, Polytechnic University of Catalonia, Potassium nitrate, Prades Mountains, President of Chile, Primary color, Province of Barcelona, Puigcerdà, Pulpit, Rancagua, Reed (plant), Relic, Renaixença, Reus, Rheumatism, Ripoll, Riudoms, Romanticism, Roof lantern, Ruled surface, Sabal, Sacristy, Sagrada Família, Sagrada Família Schools, Saint George and the Dragon, Salvador Dalí, Sant Feliu de Codines, Sant Miquel del Fai, Santa Maria de Montserrat Abbey, Santiago Calatrava, Sash window, Scale model, Seawall, Sebastian Kneipp, Shotgun shell, Slate, Spanish Civil War, Spanish peseta, Spire, Stained glass, Suspension bridge, Symbol, Tangent, Tangier, Teresa of Ávila, Terrassa, Tetramorph, Textile manufacturing, The Guardian, Thermometer, Third Carlist War, Three-dimensional space, Tokutoshi Torii, Tragic Week (Catalonia), Trencadís, Tuberculosis, Turban, UNESCO, United States dollar, Utopian socialism, Vallfogona de Riucorb, Vault (architecture), Vic, Virgin of Montserrat, Walter Pater, Weather vane, Will and testament, William Morris, Wine cellar, World Heritage site, Wrought iron, 1888 Barcelona Universal Exposition, 26 Martyrs of Japan, 44th Annual Grammy Awards. Expand index (248 more) » « Shrink index
Acoustics is the branch of physics that deals with the study of all mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids including topics such as vibration, sound, ultrasound and infrasound.
Aesthetics (also spelled esthetics) is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.
The Airbus A340 is a long-range, four-engine, wide-body commercial passenger jet airliner that was developed and produced by the European aerospace company Airbus.
Alabaster is a mineral or rock that is soft, often used for carving, and is processed for plaster powder.
Alfonso XII (Alfonso Francisco de Asís Fernando Pío Juan María de la Concepción Gregorio Pelayo; 28 November 185725 November 1885) was King of Spain, reigning from 1874 to 1885, after a revolution deposed his mother Isabella II from the throne in 1868, Alfonso studied in Austria and France.
The Alhambra (الْحَمْرَاء, Al-Ḥamrā, lit. "The Red One",The "Al-" in "Alhambra" means "the" in Arabic, but this is ignored in general usage in both English and Spanish, where the name is normally given the definite articleالْحَمْرَاء, trans.; literally "the red one", feminine; in colloquial Arabic: the complete Arabic form of which was Qalat Al-Hamra)الْقَلْعَةُ ٱلْحَمْرَاءُ, trans.
Alms or almsgiving involves giving to others as an act of virtue, either materially or in the sense of providing capabilities (e.g. education) free.
An altar is any structure upon which offerings such as sacrifices are made for religious purposes, and by extension the 'Holy table' of post-reformation Anglican churches.
The so-called Altarpiece of Alella is a design by the Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí that is part of the project of the chapel of the Holy Sacrament commissioned in 1883 by the Rector Jaume Puig i Claret for the parish church of Sant Feliu (Saint Felix) in Alella.
Anarchy is the condition of a society, entity, group of people, or a single person that rejects hierarchy.
Anatomy (Greek anatomē, “dissection”) is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.
An antependium (from Latin ante- and pendēre "to hang before"; pl: antependia), also known as a parament or hanging, or, when speaking specifically of the hanging for the altar, an altar frontal (Latin: pallium altaris), is a decorative piece, usually of textile, but also metalwork, stone or other material that can adorn a Christian altar.
In architecture, an apse (plural apses; from Latin absis: "arch, vault" from Greek ἀψίς apsis "arch"; sometimes written apsis, plural apsides) is a semicircular recess covered with a hemispherical vault or semi-dome, also known as an Exedra.
In architecture, an area (areaway in North America) is an excavated, subterranean space around the walls of a building, designed to admit light into a basement.
Asceticism (from the ἄσκησις áskesis, "exercise, training") is a lifestyle characterized by abstinence from sensual pleasures, often for the purpose of pursuing spiritual goals.
Ashlar is finely dressed (cut, worked) stone, either an individual stone that has been worked until squared or the structure built of it.
An assembly hall is a kind of function hall, a large room used to hold public meetings or meetings of the members of an organization such as a school, church, or deliberative assembly.
In architecture, an atrium (plural: atria or atriums) is a large open air or skylight covered space surrounded by a building.
Auvergne (Auvergnat (occitan): Auvèrnhe / Auvèrnha) is a former administrative region of France.
Baix Camp is a comarca of Catalonia in northeastern Spain.
The banner of Misericordia (Mercy) is a work of the Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí projected for the procession to the Sanctuary of Misericordia in Reus of the reusians residing in Barcelona, as one of the acts for the Holy Year.
Baptism (from the Greek noun βάπτισμα baptisma; see below) is a Christian sacrament of admission and adoption, almost invariably with the use of water, into Christianity.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
The Cathedral of the Holy Cross and Saint Eulalia (Catedral de la Santa Creu i Santa Eulàlia, Catedral de la Santa Cruz y Santa Eulalia), also known as Barcelona Cathedral, is the Gothic cathedral and seat of the Archbishop of Barcelona, Spain.
Estació de França (Estación de Francia; "France Station") is a major railway station in the city of Barcelona in Catalonia, Spain.
A barometer is a scientific instrument used in meteorology to measure atmospheric pressure.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
Basalt is a common extrusive igneous (volcanic) rock formed from the rapid cooling of basaltic lava exposed at or very near the surface of a planet or moon.
Staatliches Bauhaus, commonly known simply as Bauhaus, was a German art school operational from 1919 to 1933 that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicized and taught.
Beatification (from Latin beatus, "blessed" and facere, "to make") is a recognition accorded by the Catholic Church of a dead person's entrance into Heaven and capacity to intercede on behalf of individuals who pray in his or her name.
Bees are flying insects closely related to wasps and ants, known for their role in pollination and, in the case of the best-known bee species, the European honey bee, for producing honey and beeswax.
Begging (also panhandling or mendicancy) is the practice of imploring others to grant a favor, often a gift of money, with little or no expectation of reciprocation.
Bellesguard ("Beautiful View"), also known as Casa Figueres, is a modernist manor house designed by Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí, which was constructed between 1900 and 1909.
Blanes is a town and municipality in the comarca of Selva in Girona, Catalonia, Spain.
Bodegas Güell, in Catalan Celler Güell, is an architectural complex comprising a winery and associated buildings located in Garraf, in the municipality of Sitges (Barcelona), designed by the Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí.
A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the vertebrate skeleton.
The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.
A buttress is an architectural structure built against or projecting from a wall which serves to support or reinforce the wall.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
The caduceus (☤;; Latin cādūceus, from Greek κηρύκειον kērū́keion "herald's wand, or staff") is the staff carried by Hermes in Greek mythology and consequently by Hermes Trismegistus in Greco-Egyptian mythology.
The Camino de Santiago (Peregrinatio Compostellana, "Pilgrimage of Compostela"; O Camiño de Santiago), known in English as the Way of Saint James among other names, is a network of pilgrims' ways serving pilgrimage to the shrine of the apostle Saint James the Great in the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela in Galicia in northwestern Spain, where tradition has it that the remains of the saint are buried.
Cantabria is a historic Spanish community and autonomous community with Santander as its capital city.
Carpentry is a skilled trade in which the primary work performed is the cutting, shaping and installation of building materials during the construction of buildings, ships, timber bridges, concrete formwork, etc.
Casa Batlló is a building in the center of Barcelona.
The Casa Botines (built 1891-1892) is a Modernist building in León, Spain designed by Antoni Gaudí.
Casa Calvet is a building, designed by Antoni Gaudí for a textile manufacturer which served as both a commercial property (in the basement and on the ground floor) and a residence.
Casa Milà, popularly known as La Pedrera or "The stone quarry", a reference to its unconventional rough-hewn appearance, is a modernist building in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Casa Vicens is a house in Barcelona, designed by Antoni Gaudí, now a museum.
The Catalan vault (volta catalana), also called tile vault, Catalan turn, Catalan arch or timbrel vault, is a type of low arch made of plain bricks often used to make a structural floor surface.
The Catalans (Catalan, French and Occitan: catalans; catalanes, Italian: catalani) are a Pyrenean/Latin European ethnic group formed by the people from, or with origins in, Catalonia (Spain), in the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula.
Catalonia (Catalunya, Catalonha, Cataluña) is an autonomous community in Spain on the northeastern extremity of the Iberian Peninsula, designated as a nationality by its Statute of Autonomy.
A catenary arch is a type of architectural pointed arch that follows an inverted catenary curve.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Cèsar Martinell i Brunet (Valls, 24 December 1888 - Barcelona, 19 November 1973) was a Catalan modernista architect.
Cement tiles or hydraulic tiles are handmade colourful tiles used as floor and wall tiling.
A ceramic is a non-metallic solid material comprising an inorganic compound of metal, non-metal or metalloid atoms primarily held in ionic and covalent bonds.
Ceramic art is art made from ceramic materials, including clay.
The Cercle Artístic de Sant Lluc (meaning in English "Saint Lluc Artists' Circle") is an arts society which was founded in Barcelona (Catalonia) in 1893 by Joan Llimona, Josep Llimona, Antoni Utrillo, Alexandre de Riquer, the city councillor Alexandre M. Pons and a group of artists who were followers of bishop Josep Torras i Bages, as a reaction to the anticlerical current present in modernisme and in the Cercle Artístic de Barcelona, which they considered to be frivolous.
A chapter (capitulum or capitellum) is one of several bodies of clergy in Roman Catholic, Anglican, and Nordic Lutheran churches or their gatherings.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
Christopher Rouse (born February 15, 1949) is an American composer.
The Church of Colònia Güell (Cripta de la Colònia Güell) is an unfinished work by Antoni Gaudí.
The Civil Guard (Guardia Civil) is the oldest law enforcement agency in Spain.
Collbató is a municipality in the ''comarca'' of the Baix Llobregat in Catalonia, Spain.
A column or pillar in architecture and structural engineering is a structural element that transmits, through compression, the weight of the structure above to other structural elements below.
Comillas is a small township and municipality in the northern reaches of Spain, in the autonomous community of Cantabria.
Concert de Gaudí is a concerto for classical guitar and orchestra by the American composer Christopher Rouse.
A cone is a three-dimensional geometric shape that tapers smoothly from a flat base (frequently, though not necessarily, circular) to a point called the apex or vertex.
The Congress of Deputies (Congreso de los Diputados; Diputatuen Kongresua; Congrés dels Diputats; Congreso dos Deputados) is the lower house of the Cortes Generales, Spain's legislative branch.
In mathematics, a conic section (or simply conic) is a curve obtained as the intersection of the surface of a cone with a plane.
A coppersmith, also known as a brazier, is a person who makes artifacts from copper and brass.
A crypt (from Latin crypta "vault") is a stone chamber beneath the floor of a church or other building.
A dandy, historically, is a man who places particular importance upon physical appearance, refined language, and leisurely hobbies, pursued with the appearance of nonchalance in a cult of self.
Dionís Renart i García (Barcelona, 1878 - Barcelona, 1946) was a Catalan sculptor and astronomer.
Dorian mode or Doric mode can refer to three very different but interrelated subjects: one of the Ancient Greek harmoniai (characteristic melodic behaviour, or the scale structure associated with it), one of the medieval musical modes, or, most commonly, one of the modern modal diatonic scales, corresponding to the white notes from D to D, or any transposition of this.
A drafter, draughtsman (British English) or draftsman, drafting technician (American English and Canadian English) is a person who makes detailed technical drawings or plans for machinery, buildings, electronics, infrastructure, sections, etc.
Eduardo Torroja y Miret, (27 August 1899 – 15 June 1961) was a Spanish structural engineer and a pioneer in the design of concrete shell structures.
The Eixample (Catalan for 'expansion' or 'Expansion District') is a district of Barcelona between the old city (Ciutat Vella) and what were once surrounding small towns (Sants, Gràcia, Sant Andreu etc.), constructed in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
El Bierzo (O Bierzo) is a comarca in the province of León, Spain.
El Capricho is a villa in Comillas, Cantabria, Spain, designed by Antoni Gaudí.
Elies Rogent i Amat (Barcelona 18 July 1821 – Barcelona 21 February 1897), was a Catalan architect of Spanish nationality.
The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
Enric Prat de la Riba i Sarrà (29 November 1870 – 1 August 1917) was a Catalan politician, lawyer and writer.
The Episcopal Palace of Astorga is a building by Spanish architect Antoni Gaudí.
In the liturgical traditions of Western Christianity, the Epistle side is the term used to designate the side of a church on which the Epistle is read during the Mass or Eucharist.
Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc (27 January 1814 – 17 September 1879) was a French architect and author who restored many prominent medieval landmarks in France, including those which had been damaged or abandoned during the French Revolution.
Eusebi Güell i Bacigalupi, 1st Count of Güell (15 December 1846 - 8 July 1918) was a Spanish entrepreneur who profited greatly from the industrial revolution in Catalonia in the late 19th century.
The third Paris World's Fair, called an Exposition Universelle in French, was held from 1 May through to 10 November 1878.
Fasting is the willing abstinence or reduction from some or all food, drink, or both, for a period of time.
Félix Candela Outeriño (January 27, 1910 – December 7, 1997) was a Spanish and Mexican architect who was born in Madrid and at the age of 26, emigrated to Mexico, acquiring double nationality.
Floral Games were any of a series of historically related poetry contests with floral prizes.
Forging is a manufacturing process involving the shaping of metal using localized compressive forces.
In mathematics, a fractal is an abstract object used to describe and simulate naturally occurring objects.
Francesc Cambó i Batlle (September 2, 1876 – April 30, 1947) was a conservative Spanish politician from Catalonia, founder and leader of the autonomist party Lliga Regionalista.
Francesc de Paula Rius i Taulet (Barcelona, 1833 - Olèrdola, 1889) was a Spanish lawyer and politician.
Saint Francis of Paola, O.M. (or: Francesco di Paola or Saint Francis the Fire Handler; 27 March 1416 – 2 April 1507) was an Italian mendicant friar and the founder of the Roman Catholic Order of Minims.
Francisco de Paula del Villar y Lozano (Murcia, 1828 – Barcelona, 1901) was a Spanish architect.
Frei Paul Otto (31 May 1925 – 9 March 2015) was a German architect and structural engineer noted for his use of lightweight structures, in particular tensile and membrane structures, including the roof of the Olympic Stadium in Munich for the 1972 Summer Olympics.
Friedrich Stowasser (December 15, 1928 – February 19, 2000), better known by his pseudonym Friedensreich Regentag Dunkelbunt Hundertwasser, was an Austrian-born New Zealand artist and architect who also worked in the field of environmental protection.
In architecture the frieze is the wide central section part of an entablature and may be plain in the Ionic or Doric order, or decorated with bas-reliefs.
The garden city movement is a method of urban planning in which self-contained communities are surrounded by "greenbelts", containing proportionate areas of residences, industry, and agriculture.
The Gaudí Awards, known in Catalan as Premis Gaudí, are the main film awards in the Catalan Countries, celebrated annually in Barcelona, Spain.
Gaudí House-Museum (in Catalan: Casa Museu Gaudí), located within the Park Güell in Barcelona was the residence of Antoni Gaudí for almost 20 years, from 1906 till the end of 1925.
A gazebo is a pavilion structure, sometimes octagonal or turret-shaped, often built in a park, garden or spacious public area.
The Palacio de Generalife (جَنَّة الْعَرِيف Jannat al-‘Arīf, literally, "Architect's Garden") was the summer palace and country estate of the Nasrid rulers of the Emirate of Granada in Al-Andalus, now beside the city of Granada in the autonomous community of Andalusia, Spain.
In geometry, a generatrix or generator is a point, curve or surface that, when moved along a given path, generates a new shape.
Geometry (from the γεωμετρία; geo- "earth", -metron "measurement") is a branch of mathematics concerned with questions of shape, size, relative position of figures, and the properties of space.
Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.
Gothic art was a style of medieval art that developed in Northern France out of Romanesque art in the 12th century AD, led by the concurrent development of Gothic architecture.
Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.
Gouache, body color, opaque watercolor, or gouache, is one type of watermedia, paint consisting of Natural pigment, water, a binding agent (usually gum arabic or dextrin), and sometimes additional inert material.
Gourmet is a cultural ideal associated with the culinary arts of fine food and drink, or haute cuisine, which is characterised by refined, even elaborate preparations and presentations of aesthetically balanced meals of several contrasting, often quite rich courses.
A Grammy Award (stylized as GRAMMY, originally called Gramophone Award), or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievement in the music industry.
The Grammy Award for Best Classical Contemporary Composition was first awarded in 1961.
Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes ("Great Way of the Catalan Courts"), more simply known as Gran Via, is one of Barcelona's major avenues.
Granada is the capital city of the province of Granada, in the autonomous community of Andalusia, Spain.
The Grand Palais des Champs-Élysées, commonly known as the Grand Palais (English: Great Palace), is a large historic site, exhibition hall and museum complex located at the Champs-Élysées in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, France.
Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture.
Gregorian chant is the central tradition of Western plainchant, a form of monophonic, unaccompanied sacred song of the Roman Catholic Church.
The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, often shortened to Hamlet, is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare at an uncertain date between 1599 and 1602.
The helicoid, after the plane and the catenoid, is the third minimal surface to be known.
Hercules is a Roman hero and god.
In Greek mythology, the Hesperides (Ἑσπερίδες) are the nymphs of evening and golden light of sunset, who were the "Daughters of the Evening" or "Nymphs of the West".
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Historicism is the idea of attributing meaningful significance to space and time, such as historical period, geographical place, and local culture.
The Holy Family consists of the Child Jesus, the Virgin Mary, and Saint Joseph.
The former Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau (Hospital of the Holy Cross and Saint Paul) in the neighborhood of El Guinardó, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, is a complex built between 1901 and 1930, designed by the Catalan modernisme architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner.
Hotel Attraction was a proposed project by architect Antoni Gaudí, for a skyscraper in New York City.
Human factors and ergonomics (commonly referred to as Human Factors), is the application of psychological and physiological principles to the (engineering and) design of products, processes, and systems.
The human skeleton is the internal framework of the body.
In geometry, a hyperboloid of revolution, sometimes called circular hyperboloid, is a surface that may be generated by rotating a hyperbola around one of its principal axes.
In architecture, a hypostyle hall has a roof which is supported by columns.
The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
Interior design is the art and science of enhancing the interior of a building to achieve a healthier and more aesthetically pleasing environment for the people using the space.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Islamic art encompasses the visual arts produced from the 7th century onward by people who lived within the territory that was inhabited by or ruled by culturally Islamic populations.
Jacint Verdaguer i Santaló (May 17, 1845 – June 10, 1902) was a catalan writer, regarded as one of the greatest poets of Catalan literature and a prominent literary figure of the Renaixença, a cultural revival movement of the late Romantic era.
Jagdschloss is the German term for a hunting lodge.
Father Jaime Luciano Balmes y Urpiá (Jaume Llucià Antoni Balmes i Urpià; 28 August 18109 July 1848) was a Spanish Catholic priest known for his political and philosophical writing.
James I the Conqueror (Jaume el Conqueridor, Chaime lo Conqueridor, Jacme lo Conquistaire, Jaime el Conquistador; 2 February 1208 – 27 July 1276) was King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276; King of Majorca from 1231 to 1276; and Valencia from 1238 to 1276.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Joan Maragall i Gorina (10 October 1860 in Barcelona – 20 December 1911) was a Spanish Catalan poet, journalist and translator, the foremost member of the modernisme movement in literature.
Joan Martorell i Montells (born 1833 in Barcelona, died 5 July 1906 in Barcelona) was a Catalan architect and designer.
Joan Rubió y Bellver (24 April 1870 – 30 November 1952) was a Spanish architect famous for his contributions to the Catalan Modernista movement.
John Ruskin (8 February 1819 – 20 January 1900) was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, as well as an art patron, draughtsman, watercolourist, a prominent social thinker and philanthropist.
Josep Fontserè i Mestre (1829 - 15 May 1897) was a Spanish Catalan architect.
Josep Llimona i Bruguera (8 April 1864 in Barcelona – 27 February 1934) was a Catalan sculptor.
Josep Lluís Sert i López (1 July 1902 – 15 March 1983) was an architect and city planner born in Catalonia, Spain.
Josep Maria Jujol i Gibert (16 September 1879 – 1 May 1949) was a Catalan architect.
Josep Torras i Bages, born at Les Cabanyes, Alt Penedès, on 12 September 1846, died at Vic, Osona, on 7 February 1916, was a Catalan thinker, writer, and bishop.
Juan Eduardo Cirlot Laporta (9 April 1916 – 11 May 1973) was a Spanish poet, art critic, hermeneutist, mythologist, and musician.
Juncaceae is a family of flowering plants, commonly known as the rush family.
Kenji Imai (b Tokyo, 11 Jan 1895; d Tokyo, 20 May 1987) was a Japanese architect and professor.
La Mercè is the annual festival (festa major) of the city of Barcelona in Catalonia, Spain.
La Rambla is a street in central Barcelona, popular with tourists and locals alike.
Charles-Édouard Jeanneret (6 October 1887 – 27 August 1965), known as Le Corbusier, was a Swiss-French architect, designer, painter, urban planner, writer, and one of the pioneers of what is now called modern architecture.
León is the capital of the province of León, located in the northwest of Spain.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
Antoni Gaudí was an architect from Catalonia, Spain, who belonged to the Modernisme (Art Nouveau) movement and was famous for his unique style and highly individualistic designs.
Liturgy is the customary public worship performed by a religious group, according to its beliefs, customs and traditions.
Llorenç Matamala i Piñol (1856–1925) was a Spanish Catalan sculptor.
Lluís Graner i Arrufí, or Arrufat in Spanish (1863–1929) was a Catalan painter in the Realistic style.
Longing (US English, classical spelling) or lunging (UK English, informal USA) is a technique for training horses, where a horse is asked to work at the end of a lunge line and respond to commands from a handler on the ground who holds the line.
Lope Félix de Vega y Carpio (25 November 156227 August 1635) was a Spanish playwright, poet, novelist and marine.
Mahogany is a kind of wood—the straight-grained, reddish-brown timber of three tropical hardwood species of the genus Swietenia, indigenous to the AmericasBridgewater, Samuel (2012).
Mallorca, or Majorca, is the largest island in the Balearic Islands, which are part of Spain and located in the Mediterranean.
Marble is a metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite.
Marquetry (also spelled as marqueterie; from the French marqueter, to varigate) is the art and craft of applying pieces of veneer to a structure to form decorative patterns, designs or pictures.
Martin the Humane (29 July 1356 – 31 May 1410), also called the Elder and the Ecclesiastic, was King of Aragon, Valencia, Sardinia and Corsica and Count of Barcelona from 1396 and King of Sicily from 1409 (as Martin II).
Masterpiece, magnum opus (Latin, great work) or chef-d’œuvre (French, master of work, plural chefs-d’œuvre) in modern use is a creation that has been given much critical praise, especially one that is considered the greatest work of a person's career or to a work of outstanding creativity, skill, profundity, or workmanship.
Mataró is the capital and largest town of the comarca of the Maresme, in the province of Barcelona, Catalonia Autonomous Community, Spain.
Málaga is a municipality, capital of the Province of Málaga, in the Autonomous Community of Andalusia, Spain.
Mercury (Latin: Mercurius) is a major god in Roman religion and mythology, being one of the Dii Consentes within the ancient Roman pantheon.
A merlon is the solid upright section of a battlement (a crenellated parapet) in medieval architecture or fortifications.
Verónica Michelle Bachelet Jeria (born 29 September 1951) is a Chilean politician who was the President of Chile twice, from 2006 to 2010 and from 2014 to 2018, the first woman in her country to occupy this position.
Miguel Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja, 2nd Marquess of Estella, 22nd Count of Sobremonte, GE, OIC, OSH, LCSF, OMC, OTS, KOC (8 January 1870 – 16 March 1930) was a dictator, aristocrat, and military officer who served as Prime Minister of Spain from 1923 to 1930 during Spain's Restoration era.
A moat is a deep, broad ditch, either dry or filled with water, that is dug and surrounds a castle, fortification, building or town, historically to provide it with a preliminary line of defence.
Modernisme (Catalan for "modernism"), also known as Catalan modernism, is the historiographic denomination given to an art and literature movement associated with the search of a new entitlement of Catalan culture, one of the most predominant cultures within Spain.
A monstrance, also known as an ostensorium (or an ostensory), is the vessel used in Roman Catholic, Old Catholic and Anglican churches for the more convenient exhibition of some object of piety, such as the consecrated Eucharistic host during Eucharistic adoration or Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament.
Montserrat is a multi-peaked mountain range near Barcelona, in Spain.
The term "Moors" refers primarily to the Muslim inhabitants of the Maghreb, the Iberian Peninsula, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, and Malta during the Middle Ages.
A mosaic is a piece of art or image made from the assemblage of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials.
In music, a motif (also motive) is a short musical idea, a salient recurring figure, musical fragment or succession of notes that has some special importance in or is characteristic of a composition: "The motive is the smallest structural unit possessing thematic identity".
Mudéjar (Mudèjar, مدجن trans. Mudajjan, "tamed; domesticated") is also the name given to Moors or Muslims of Al-Andalus who remained in Iberia after the Christian Reconquista but were not initially forcibly converted to Christianity.
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) is an art museum located in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, on 53rd Street between Fifth and Sixth Avenues.
() is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture on the island of Kyushu in Japan.
The Nasrid dynasty (بنو نصر banū Naṣr or banū al-Aḥmar) was the last Arab Muslim dynasty in Iberia, ruling the Emirate of Granada from 1230 until 1492.
The National Day of Catalonia (Diada Nacional de Catalunya) is a day-long festival in Catalonia and one of its official national symbols.
Nazari is a surname of Persian and Italian origins; meaning in Persian, "Son of Nazareth" or, "Of Nazareth." The surname is first found in Italy.
NewMusicBox is an e-zine launched by the American Music Center on May 1, 1999.
A newsagent's shop or simply newsagent's (British English), newsagency (Australian English) or newsstand (American and Canadian English) is a business that sells newspapers, magazines, cigarettes, snacks and often items of local interest.
Sir Nikolaus Bernhard Leon Pevsner (30 January 1902 – 18 August 1983) was a German, later British scholar of the history of art, and especially that of architecture.
Norman Robert Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank, (born 1 June 1935) is a British architect whose company, Foster + Partners, maintains an international design practice famous for high-tech architecture.
Noucentisme (noucentista being its adjective) was a Catalan cultural movement of the early 20th century that originated largely as a reaction against Modernisme, both in art and ideology, and was, simultaneously, a perception of art almost opposite to that of avantgardists.
Olius is a municipality in the ''comarca'' of the Solsonès in Catalonia, Spain.
Olympiastadion is a stadium located in Munich, Germany.
The Order of Saint Benedict (OSB; Latin: Ordo Sancti Benedicti), also known as the Black Monksin reference to the colour of its members' habitsis a Catholic religious order of independent monastic communities that observe the Rule of Saint Benedict.
In Greek mythology, Orestes (Ὀρέστης) was the son of Clytemnestra and Agamemnon.
Oriol Bohigas i Guardiola (Barcelona, 20 December 1925) is a Spanish architect and urban planner.
Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho (December 15, 1907 – December 5, 2012), known as Oscar Niemeyer, was a Brazilian architect considered to be one of the key figures in the development of modern architecture.
Owen Jones (15 February 1809 – 19 April 1874) was an English-born Welsh architect.
The Palau de la Música Catalana (Palacio de la Música Catalana, Palace of Catalan Music) is a concert hall in Barcelona, Spain.
The Palau dels Esports de Barcelona (Barcelona Sports Palace) is a multi-purpose indoor arena in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
The Palau Güell (Güell Palace) is a mansion designed by the architect Antoni Gaudí for the industrial tycoon Eusebi Güell and built between 1886 and 1888.
The Palacio Real de Pedralbes or Palau Reial de Pedralbes (English: "Pedralbes Royal Palace") is a building placed in the middle of an ample garden in the district of Les Corts, in Barcelona.
The Palau Reial Major ("Grand Royal Palace") is a complex of historic buildings located in Plaça del Rei, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Papier-mâché (literally "chewed paper") is a composite material consisting of paper pieces or pulp, sometimes reinforced with textiles, bound with an adhesive, such as glue, starch, or wallpaper paste.
A parabolic arch is an arch shaped like a parabola.
In geometry, a paraboloid is a quadric surface that has (exactly) one axis of symmetry and no center of symmetry.
The Parc de la Ciutadella ("Citadel Park") is a park on the northeastern edge of Ciutat Vella, Barcelona, Catalonia.
The Park Güell (Parc Güell) is a public park system composed of gardens and architectonic elements located on Carmel Hill, in Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain).
A pastel is an art medium in the form of a stick, consisting of pure powdered pigment and a binder.
Pau AudouardThe first name is sometimes given as "Paul" (especially in French publications) or as "Pablo" (in some Spanish works); the last name is sometimes also given as "Adouard".
A phalanstère (or phalanstery) was a type of building designed for a self-contained utopian community, ideally consisting of 500–2000 people working together for mutual benefit, and developed in the early 19th century by Charles Fourier.
Philip Romolo Neri (Italian: Filippo Romolo Neri; 21 July 151525 May 1595), known as the Third Apostle of Rome, after Saints Peter and Paul, was an Italian priest noted for founding a society of secular clergy called the Congregation of the Oratory.
The Order of Poor Clerics Regular of the Mother of God of the Pious Schools (Ordo Clericorum Regularium pauperum Matris Dei Scholarum Piarum, Sch. P. or S. P.) or, in short, Piarists, is the oldest Catholic educational order, also known as the Scolopi, Escolapios or Poor Clerics of the Mother of God (in both cases clerics can also become clerks, from the same etymology).
Pier Luigi Nervi (21 June 1891 – 9 January 1979) was an Italian engineer and architect.
Plaça de Catalunya (meaning in English "Catalonia Square"; sometimes referred to as Plaza de Cataluña, its Spanish name) is a large square in central Barcelona that is generally considered to be both its city centre and the place where the old city (see Barri Gòtic and Raval, in Ciutat Vella) and the 19th century-built Eixample meet.
Plaça Reial (In Spanish Plaza Real, meaning "Royal Plaza") is a square in the Barri Gòtic of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
In mathematics, a plane is a flat, two-dimensional surface that extends infinitely far.
Plaster is a building material used for the protective and/or decorative coating of walls and ceilings and for moulding and casting decorative elements.
The Royal Abbey of Santa Maria de Poblet (Reial Monestir de Santa Maria de Poblet) is a Cistercian monastery, founded in 1151, located at the foot of the Prades Mountains, in the comarca of Conca de Barberà, in Catalonia (Spain).
Polytechnic University of Catalonia (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, UPC), currently referred to as BarcelonaTech and commonly named just as UPC, is the largest engineering university in Catalonia, Spain.
Potassium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula KNO3.
Prades Mountains, also known as Muntanyes de Prades, is a large calcareous mountain massif straddling the comarcas of Alt Camp, Baix Camp, Conca de Barberà, Garrigues and Priorat, in Catalonia, Spain.
The President of the Republic of Chile (Presidente de la República de Chile) is the head of state and the head of government of the Republic of Chile.
A set of primary colors is, most tangibly, a set of real colorants or colored lights that can be combined in varying amounts to produce a gamut of colors.
Barcelona is a province of eastern Spain, in the center of the autonomous community of Catalonia.
Puigcerdà (informally:,; Puigcerdá) is the capital of the Catalan comarca of Cerdanya, in the province of Girona, Catalonia, northern Spain, near the Segre River and on the border with France (it abuts directly onto the French town of Bourg-Madame).
Pulpit is a raised stand for preachers in a Christian church.
Rancagua is a city and commune in central Chile and part of the Rancagua conurbation.
Reed is a common name for several tall, grass-like plants of wetlands.
In religion, a relic usually consists of the physical remains of a saint or the personal effects of the saint or venerated person preserved for purposes of veneration as a tangible memorial.
The Renaixença, Catalan Renaissance, ((also written Renaixensa before spelling standardisation) was an early 19th-century romantic revivalist movement in Catalan language and culture, akin to the Galician Rexurdimento or the Occitan Félibrige movements. The movement dates to the 1830s and 1840s, but lasted into the 1880s, when it branched out into other cultural movements. Even though it primarily followed a romantic impulse, it incorporated stylistic and philosophical elements of other 19th century movements such as Naturalism or Symbolism. The name does not indicate a particular style, but rather the cultural circumstances in which it bloomed.
Reus is the capital of Baix Camp, in the province of Tarragona, in Catalonia, Spain.
Rheumatism or rheumatic disorder is an umbrella term for conditions causing chronic, often intermittent pain affecting the joints and/or connective tissue.
Ripoll is the capital of the comarca of Ripollès, in the province of Girona, Catalonia, Spain.
Riudoms is a town in the comarca of Baix Camp, province of Tarragona, in Catalonia, Spain, located about five kilometres from the regional capital Reus.
Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.
A roof lantern is a daylighting architectural element.
In geometry, a surface S is ruled (also called a scroll) if through every point of S there is a straight line that lies on S. Examples include the plane, the curved surface of a cylinder or cone, a conical surface with elliptical directrix, the right conoid, the helicoid, and the tangent developable of a smooth curve in space.
Sabal is a genus of New World palms, commonly known as palmettos.
A sacristy is a room for keeping vestments (such as the alb and chasuble) and other church furnishings, sacred vessels, and parish records.
The Basílica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família (Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia; Expiatory Church of the Holy Family) is a large unfinished Roman Catholic church in Barcelona, designed by Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí (1852–1926).
The Sagrada Família Schools (Escoles de la Sagrada Família, Escuelas de la Sagrada Familia) building was constructed in 1909 by the modern Spanish architect Antoni Gaudí near the site of the Basilica and Expiatory Church of the Sagrada Família.
The legend of Saint George and the Dragon describes the saint taming and slaying a dragon that demanded human sacrifices; the saint thereby rescues the princess chosen as the next offering.
Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, 1st Marquess of Dalí de Púbol (11 May 190423 January 1989), known professionally as Salvador Dalí, was a prominent Spanish surrealist born in Figueres, Catalonia, Spain.
Sant Feliu de Codines is a municipality in the ''comarca'' of the Vallès Oriental in Catalonia, Spain.
Sant Miquel del Fai is a cenobitic Benedictine monastery in Bigues i Riells, Catalonia, Spain.
Santa Maria de Montserrat is a Benedictine abbey located on the mountain of Montserrat, in Monistrol de Montserrat, in Catalonia, Spain.
Santiago Calatrava Valls (born 28 July 1951) is a Spanish architect, structural design and analyst engineer, sculptor and painter, particularly known for his bridges supported by single leaning pylons, and his railway stations, stadiums, and museums, whose sculptural forms often resemble living organisms.
A sash window or hung sash window is made of one or more movable panels, or "sashes", that form a frame to hold panes of glass, which are often separated from other panes (or "lights") by glazing bars, also known as muntins in the US (moulded strips of wood).
A scale model is most generally a physical representation of an object, which maintains accurate relationships between all important aspects of the model, although absolute values of the original properties need not be preserved.
A seawall (or sea wall) is a form of coastal defence constructed where the sea, and associated coastal processes, impact directly upon the landforms of the coast.
Sebastian Kneipp (17 May 1821, Stephansried, Germany – 17 June 1897, in Bad Wörishofen) was a Bavarian priest and one of the forefathers of the naturopathic medicine movement.
A shotgun shell is a self-contained cartridge typically loaded with multiple metallic "shot", which are small, generally spherical projectiles.
Slate is a fine-grained, foliated, homogeneous metamorphic rock derived from an original shale-type sedimentary rock composed of clay or volcanic ash through low-grade regional metamorphism.
The Spanish Civil War (Guerra Civil Española),Also known as The Crusade (La Cruzada) among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War (Cuarta Guerra Carlista) among Carlists, and The Rebellion (La Rebelión) or Uprising (Sublevación) among Republicans.
The peseta was the currency of Spain between 1869 and 2002.
A spire is a tapering conical or pyramidal structure on the top of a building, often a skyscraper or a church tower, similar to a steep tented roof.
The term stained glass can refer to coloured glass as a material or to works created from it.
A suspension bridge is a type of bridge in which the deck (the load-bearing portion) is hung below suspension cables on vertical suspenders.
A symbol is a mark, sign or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an idea, object, or relationship.
In geometry, the tangent line (or simply tangent) to a plane curve at a given point is the straight line that "just touches" the curve at that point.
Tangier (طَنجة Ṭanjah; Berber: ⵟⴰⵏⴵⴰ Ṭanja; old Berber name: ⵜⵉⵏⴳⵉ Tingi; adapted to Latin: Tingis; Tanger; Tánger; also called Tangiers in English) is a major city in northwestern Morocco.
Saint Teresa of Ávila, also called Saint Teresa of Jesus, baptized as Teresa Sánchez de Cepeda y Ahumada (28 March 15154 October 1582), was a prominent Spanish mystic, Roman Catholic saint, Carmelite nun and author during the Counter Reformation, and theologian of contemplative life through mental prayer.
Terrassa (Tarrasa) is a city in the east central region of Catalonia, in the province of Barcelona, comarca of Vallès Occidental, of which it is the cocapital along with Sabadell.
A tetramorph is a symbolic arrangement of four differing elements, or the combination of four disparate elements in one unit.
Textile manufacturing is a major industry.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
A thermometer is a device that measures temperature or a temperature gradient.
The Third Carlist War (Tercera Guerra Carlista) (1872–1876) was the last Carlist War in Spain.
Three-dimensional space (also: 3-space or, rarely, tri-dimensional space) is a geometric setting in which three values (called parameters) are required to determine the position of an element (i.e., point).
is a Japanese architect and writer.
Tragic Week (in Catalan la Setmana Tràgica, in Spanish la Semana Trágica) (25 July – 2 August 1909) is the name used for a series of violent confrontations between the Spanish army and radicals of the working classes of Barcelona and other cities of Catalonia (Spain), assisted by anarchists, socialists and republicans, during the last week of July 1909.
Trencadís, also known as pique assiette, broken tile mosaics, bits and pieces, memoryware, and shardware, is a type of mosaic made from cemented-together tile shards and broken chinaware.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
A turban (from Persian دولبند, dulband; via Middle French turbant) is a type of headwear based on cloth winding.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
Utopian socialism is a label used to define the first currents of modern socialist thought as exemplified by the work of Henri de Saint-Simon, Charles Fourier, Étienne Cabet and Robert Owen.
Vallfogona de Riucorb is a municipality and village in the ''comarca'' of the Conca de Barberà in central Catalonia, Spain.
Vault (French voûte, from Italian volta) is an architectural term for an arched form used to provide a space with a ceiling or roof.
Vic is the capital of the comarca of Osona, in the Barcelona Province, Catalonia, Spain.
Our Lady of Montserrat or the Virgin of Montserrat (Mare de Déu de Montserrat) is a Marian title associated with a venerated statue of the Madonna and Child venerated at the Santa Maria de Montserrat monastery on the Montserrat Mountain in Catalonia, Spain.
Walter Horatio Pater (4 August 1839 – 30 July 1894) was an English essayist, literary and art critic, and fiction writer, regarded as one of the great stylists.
A weather vane, wind vane, or weathercock is an instrument for showing the direction of the wind.
A will or testament is a legal document by which a person, the testator, expresses their wishes as to how their property is to be distributed at death, and names one or more persons, the executor, to manage the estate until its final distribution.
William Morris (24 March 1834 – 3 October 1896) was an English textile designer, poet, novelist, translator, and socialist activist.
A wine cellar is a storage room for wine in bottles or barrels, or more rarely in carboys, amphorae, or plastic containers.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
puddled iron, a form of wrought iron Wrought iron is an iron alloy with a very low carbon (less than 0.08%) content in contrast to cast iron (2.1% to 4%).
The 1888 Barcelona Universal Exposition (in Catalan: Exposició Universal de Barcelona and Exposición Universal de Barcelona in Spanish) was Spain's first International World's Fair and ran from May 20 to December 9, 1888.
The were a group of Catholics who were executed by crucifixion on February 5, 1597, at Nagasaki.
The 44th Annual Grammy Awards were held on February 27, 2002 at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, California.
Antoni Gaudi, Antoni Gaudi i Cornet, Antoni Gaudi y Cornet, Antoni Gaudis, Antoni Gaudì, Antoni Gaudí i Cornet, Antoni Gaudí y Cornet, Antoni Gaudís, Antoni Plàcid Guillem Gaudí i Cornet, Antonino Gaudi, Antonio Gaudi, Antonio Gaudi i Cornet, Antonio Gaudi y Cornet, Antonio Gaudí, Antonio Gaudí i Cornet, Antonio Gaudí y Cornet, Antoní Gaudí, Gaudi, Gaudi i Cornet, Gaudi i Cornet, Antoni, Gaudian, Gaudí, Gaudí i Cornet, Antoni, Style of Antoni Gaudi.