458 relations: Aartselaar, Abraham Janssens, Abraham Mayer, Abraham Ortelius, Adriaen Brouwer, Age of Discovery, Akhisar, Akiba Rubinstein, Albert II of Belgium, Albert Lilar, Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma, Alice Nahon, Amandus, American Association of Port Authorities, Amsterdam, André Cluytens, Anglican Communion, Anthony van Dyck, Anthony van Stralen, Lord of Merksem, Antoinette Feuerwerker, Antonis Mor, Antwerp (district), Antwerp (province), Antwerp Book Fair, Antwerp City Hall, Antwerp diamond district, Antwerp Giants, Antwerp International Airport, Antwerp Jazz Club (AJC), Antwerp lace, Antwerp Pre-metro, Antwerp school, Antwerp Six, Antwerp Water Works, Antwerp Zoo, Antwerpen-Centraal railway station, Antwerpsche Diamantkring, Apostleship of the Sea, Armenian Apostolic Church, Armenian Catholic Church, Armenian Evangelical Church, Armenians, Arrondissement of Antwerp, Art Nouveau, Assumption of Mary, Audoin (bishop), August De Boodt, Austerlitz (novel), Barge, Baroque, ..., Bart De Wever, Bartholomeus Spranger, Battle of Waterloo, Belgian First Division A, Belgian Land Component, Belgian local elections, 2012, Belgian Second Division, Belgium, Belgium Men's Volleyball League, Belle Époque, Belz (Hasidic dynasty), Berchem, Berendrecht-Zandvliet-Lillo, Bergen op Zoom, Bernard de Walque, Bernoulli family, Beveren, Bilbao, Black Death, Black pepper, Bluestone, Bobov (Hasidic dynasty), Boerentoren, Bohemian, Borgerhout, Borsbeek, Brabantian dialect, Brasschaat, Breda, Bruges, Brussels, Brussels Airport, Brussels South Charleroi Airport, Bulk cargo, Camille Huysmans, Cape Town, Cargo, Carl Verbraeken, Cathedral of Our Lady (Antwerp), Chaim Kreiswirth, Charleroi, Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams, Christian, Christophe Plantin, Cinnamon, CityJet, Civil engineer, Classification yard, Combined cycle, Composer, Confiserie Roodthooft, Constant Permeke, Cornelis Melyn, County of Flanders, Court, Cruise ship, Cycling at the 1920 Summer Olympics, Damião de Góis, Daniel Sternefeld, Daphne du Maurier, David Hendrik Chassé, David Teniers the Elder, David Teniers the Younger, De Koninck Brewery, De Lijn, Den Botaniek, Den Dam, Deurne, Belgium, Diamond, Doel, Drawing, Druon Antigoon, Dubrovnik, Duchy of Brabant, Duke of Clarence, Durban, Dutch Golden Age, Dutch language, Dutch Republic, Dutch Revolt, Dutch West India Company, East Flanders, Edegem, Edward III of England, Eighty Years' War, Ekeren, Electricity generation, Enceinte, Engineer, Erasmus II Schetz, Eric de Kuyper, European Capitals and Cities of Sport Federation, Exchange (organized market), Exposition Internationale d'Anvers (1894), Fall of Antwerp, Fashion design, Federigo Giambelli, Ferdinand Perier, Ferdinand van Apshoven the Younger, Fernand Braudel, Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba, Ferre Grignard, Fez, Morocco, Finnish Seamen's Mission, First Crusade, Flanders, Flemish Government, Flemish Movement, Folklore, Ford Madox Brown, Fordham University, Fossil fuel power station, Francesco Guicciardini, Francis Palms, Franklin Rooseveltplaats, Franks, Frans Floris, Frans Hals, Frans Snyders, Frédéric Théodore Faber, French Fury, Gaspar de Crayer, Gazet van Antwerpen, Gérard Edelinck, Genoa, George du Maurier, Georges Eekhoud, Ger (Hasidic dynasty), Gerard, Gerard Walschap, German occupation of Belgium during World War I, Germanic peoples, Ghent, Giant, Gillis van Coninxloo, Godfrey of Bouillon, Golden Age, Gothic architecture, Groen (political party), Grote Markt (Antwerp), Haifa, Hanseatic League, Haredi Judaism, Hasidic Judaism, Hasselt, Heaven Tanudiredja, Heavy lift, Hemiksem, Hendrik Abbé, Hendrik Conscience, Henri Alexis Brialmont, Het Steen, High jump, Hippolyte Delehaye, History of the Jews in Antwerp, Hoboken, Antwerp, Holy Roman Empire, Houston, Impressionism, International airport, International Business Times, Investor, Italian War of 1551–1559, Jacob Jordaens, Jacob Leyssens, Jacob van Artevelde, Jan Brueghel the Elder, Jan Davidsz. de Heem, Jan Frans Willems, Jan Fyt, Jan Gossaert, Jan Lievens, Jan Moretus, Jean Bingen, Jean Genet, Jef Lambeaux, Jef van Hoof, Jessica Van Der Steen, Joachim Patinir, Johann Coaz, John Bull (composer), John Lothrop Motley, John Michael Rysbrack, John Rogers (Bible editor and martyr), Joos van Cleve, Joseph Poelaert, Journal of Early Modern History, K. 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Aartselaar (old spelling: Aertselaer) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp.
Abraham Janssens I, Abraham Janssen I or Abraham Janssens van Nuyssen (1575–1632) was a Flemish painter, who is known principally for his large religious and mythological works, which show the influence of Caravaggio.
Abraham Mayer (10 July 1816 – 1 March 1899) was a German-born Belgian physician.
Abraham Ortelius (also Ortels, Orthellius, Wortels; 14 April 1527 – 28 June 1598) was a Brabantian cartographer and geographer, conventionally recognized as the creator of the first modern atlas, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (Theatre of the World).
Adriaen Brouwer (Oudenaarde, c. 1605 – Antwerp, January 1638) was a Flemish painter active in Flanders and the Dutch Republic in the first half of the 17th century.
The Age of Discovery, or the Age of Exploration (approximately from the beginning of the 15th century until the end of the 18th century) is an informal and loosely defined term for the period in European history in which extensive overseas exploration emerged as a powerful factor in European culture and was the beginning of globalization.
Akhisar (pronounced: ah-kee-sahr, or more formally, ahk-hee-sahr, اقحصار) is a county district and its town center in Manisa Province in the Aegean region of Western Turkey.
Akiba Kiwelowicz Rubinstein (1 December 1880 – 14 March 1961) was a Polish chess grandmaster who is considered to have been one of the strongest players never to have become World Chess Champion.
Albert II (born 6 June 1934) reigned as the sixth King of the Belgians from 1993 until his abdication in 2013.
Albert Jean Julien François, Baron Lilar (21 December 1900 – 16 March 1976) was a Belgian politician of the Liberal Party and a Minister of Justice.
Alexander Farnese (Alessandro Farnese, Alejandro Farnesio) (27 August 1545 – 3 December 1592) was an Italian noble who was Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Castro from 1586 to 1592, as well as Governor of the Spanish Netherlands from 1578 to 1592.
Alice Nahon (23 August 1896 – 21 May 1933) was a Belgian poet from Antwerp.
Amandus (584 – 675 AD), commonly called Saint Amand, was a bishop of Tongeren-Maastricht and one of the great Christian missionaries of Flanders.
The American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) is a trade association founded in 1912 that represents over 130 port authorities in the Western Hemisphere, including the United States, Canada, the Caribbean, and Latin America.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
André Cluytens (born Augustin Zulma Alphonse Cluytens; 26 March 19053 June 1967)Baeck E. André Cluytens: Itinéraire d’un chef d’orchestre. Editions Mardaga, Wavre, 2009.
The Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion with 85 million members, founded in 1867 in London, England.
Sir Anthony van Dyck (many variant spellings; 22 March 1599 – 9 December 1641) was a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England, after enjoying great success in Italy and the Southern Netherlands.
Anthony van Stralen (1521 - Executed, Vilvoorde, 24 September 1568), Lord of Merksem, Lord of Dambrugghe was a Mayor of Antwerp.
Antoinette Feuerwerker (24 November 1912 – 10 February 2003) was a French jurist and an active fighter in the French Resistance during the Second World War.
Sir Anthonis Mor, also known as Anthonis Mor van Dashorst and Antonio Moro (c. 1517 – 1577) was a Netherlandish portrait painter, much in demand by the courts of Europe.
Antwerp District coincides with the old city of Antwerp.
Antwerp (Antwerpen) is the northernmost province both of the Flemish Region, also called Flanders, and of Belgium.
The Antwerp Book Fair (Dutch: (Antwerpse) Boekenbeurs) is a large trade fair for books, held annually at the beginning of November in Antwerp Expo, Antwerp, Belgium. It is organized by Boek.be. All Flemish and Dutch publishers, and several foreign language distributors present their newest books at the fair.
The Stadhuis (City Hall) of Antwerp, Belgium, stands on the western side of Antwerp's Grote Markt (Great Market Square).
Antwerp's diamond district, also known as the Diamond Quarter (Diamantkwartier), and dubbed the Square Mile is an area within the city of Antwerp, Belgium.
Antwerp Giants, named Telenet Giants Antwerp for sponsorship reasons, are a Belgian professional basketball club based in Antwerp.
Antwerp International Airport is a small international airport serving Antwerp, the second most populous city of Belgium.
The Antwerp Jazz Club (Antwerpse Jazzclub, abbreviated AJC) is an association in Antwerp, Belgium, founded in 1938 by Hans Philippi, which delivers weekly lectures about and presentations of jazz music, at no cost, open to the public at large.
Antwerp lace is a bobbin lace distinguished by stylized flower pot motifs on a six point star ground.
The Antwerp Premetro is a network consisting of lines 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10 and 15 of the Antwerp Tram system.
The Antwerp School was a school of artists active in Antwerp, first during the 16th century when the city was the economic center of the Low Countries, and then during the 17th century when it became the artistic stronghold of the Flemish Baroque under Peter Paul Rubens.
The Antwerp Six refers to a group of fashion designers who graduated from Antwerp's Royal Academy of Fine Arts between 1980–81.
The Antwerp Water Works (Dutch: Antwerpse Water Werken) or AWW produces water for the city of Antwerp (Belgium) and its surroundings.
Antwerp Zoo (ZOO Antwerpen) is a zoo in the centre of Antwerp, Belgium, located next to the Antwerpen-Centraal railway station.
Antwerpen-Centraal (Antwerp Central) is the name of the main train station in the Belgian city of Antwerp.
The Antwerpsche Diamantkring was established in 1928 in Antwerp, Belgium, to become the first diamond bourse worldwide that is dedicated exclusively to rough diamonds trade.
The Apostleship of the Sea is an agency of the Catholic Church.
The Armenian Apostolic Church (translit) is the national church of the Armenian people.
The Armenian Catholic Church (translit; Ecclesia armeno-catholica), improperly referred to as the Armenian Uniate Church, is one of the Eastern particular churches sui iuris of the Catholic Church.
The Armenian Evangelical Church (Հայաստանեայց Աւետարանական Եկեղեցի) was established on July 1, 1846, by thirty-seven men and three women in Constantinople.
Armenians (հայեր, hayer) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands.
The Arrondissement of Antwerp is one of the three administrative arrondissements in the Province of Antwerp, Belgium.
Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts, that was most popular between 1890 and 1910.
The Assumption of Mary into Heaven (often shortened to the Assumption and also known as the Feast of Saint Mary the Virgin, Mother of Our Lord Jesus Christ and the Falling Asleep of the Blessed Virgin Mary (the Dormition)) is, according to the beliefs of the Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, and parts of Anglicanism, the bodily taking up of the Virgin Mary into Heaven at the end of her earthly life.
Audoin (AD 609 – 686; also spelled Audoen, Ouen, Owen; Audoenus; known as Dado to contemporaries) was a Frankish bishop, courtier, chronicler, and Catholic saint.
Augustus Franciscus Joseph De Boodt (Nieuwmunster, December 30, 1895 - Turnhout, March 21, 1986) was from 1936 to 1968 senator District Mechelen - Turnhout.
Austerlitz is a 2001 novel by the German writer W. G. Sebald.
A barge is a flat-bottomed ship, built mainly for river and canal transport of heavy goods.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
Bart Albert Liliane De Wever (born 21 December 1970) is a Belgian politician.
Bartholomeus Spranger (name variations: Bartholomaeus or Bartholomäus and Spraneers; at the Netherlands Institute for Art History 21 March 1546 in Antwerp – 1611 in Prague) was a Flemish painter, draughtsman, sculptor and etcher who became a painter to the imperial court in Prague.
The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815, near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.
The Belgian First Division A is the top league competition for association football clubs in Belgium.
The Land Component (Landcomponent, Composante terre) is the land-based branch of the Belgian Armed Forces.
The Belgian provincial, municipal and district elections of 2012 took place on 14 October.
The Belgian Second Division (known as the Proximus League for sponsorship reasons) was the second-highest division in the Belgian football league system, one level below the Belgian Pro League.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
The Euro Millions Volley League (formerly Volleyliga Belgium and Ethias Pro League) is the top flight in men's volleyball in Belgium.
The Belle Époque or La Belle Époque (French for "Beautiful Era") was a period of Western history.
Belz (בעלזא) is a Hasidic dynasty founded in the town of Belz in Western Ukraine, near the Polish border, historically the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland.
Berchem is a southern district of the municipality and city of Antwerp in the Flemish Region of Belgium.
Berendrecht, Zandvliet and Lillo are three towns along the seaport docks north of the old city of Antwerp in Flanders, Belgium.
Bergen op Zoom (called Berrege in the local dialect) is a municipality and a city located in the south of the Netherlands.
Bernard de Walque (born 4 April 1938 in Antwerp) is a Belgian architect.
The Bernoulli family of Basel is a patrician family, notable for having produced eight mathematically gifted academics who, between them, contributed to the foundations of applied mathematics and physics during the early modern period.
Beveren is a municipality located in the Belgian province of East Flanders.
Bilbao (Bilbo) is a city in northern Spain, the largest city in the province of Biscay and in the Basque Country as a whole.
The Black Death, also known as the Great Plague, the Black Plague, or simply the Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.
Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning, known as a peppercorn.
Bluestone is a cultural or commercial name for a number of dimension or building stone varieties, including.
Bobov (or Bobover Hasidism) (חסידות באבוב) is a Hasidic community within Haredi Judaism originating in Bobowa, Galicia, in southern Poland, and now headquartered in the neighborhood of Borough Park in Brooklyn, New York.
The Boerentoren ("Farmer's Tower"; officially the KBC Tower, originally the Torengebouw van Antwerpen) is a historic tall building in Antwerp, Belgium.
A Bohemian is a resident of Bohemia, a region of the Czech Republic or the former Kingdom of Bohemia, a region of the former Crown of Bohemia (lands of the Bohemian Crown).
Borgerhout is the smallest district of Antwerp.
Borsbeek is a municipality located in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium, and in the Flemish province of Antwerp.
Brabantian or Brabantish, also Brabantic (Brabants, Standard Dutch pronunciation:, Brabantian), is a dialect group of the Dutch language.
Brasschaat is a municipality located in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium, and in the Flemish province of Antwerp.
Breda is a city and municipality in the southern part of the Netherlands, located in the province of North Brabant.
Bruges (Brugge; Bruges; Brügge) is the capital and largest city of the province of West Flanders in the Flemish Region of Belgium, in the northwest of the country.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Brussels Airport (also called Brussel-Nationaal / Bruxelles-National (Brussels-National) or Zaventem) is an international airport northeast of Brussels, the capital of Belgium.
Brussels South Charleroi Airport (BSCA), also called Charleroi Airport or Gosselies Airport, is an international airport, located in Gosselies, a part of the city of Charleroi in Wallonia (southern Belgium. The airport is north of Charleroi and south of central Brussels. In terms of passengers and aircraft movements, it is the second busiest airport in Belgium having served 7,303,720 passengers in 2016 (75,038 movements). It is also a busy general aviation airfield, being home to 3 flying schools. The Aéropole, one of the Science Parks of Wallonia, is located near the airport.
Bulk cargo is commodity cargo that is transported unpackaged in large quantities.
Jean Joseph Camille Huysmans (born as Camiel Hansen 26 May 1871 – 25 February 1968) was a Belgian politician.
Cape Town (Kaapstad,; Xhosa: iKapa) is a coastal city in South Africa.
In economics, cargo or freight are goods or produce being conveyed – generally for commercial gain – by water, air or land.
Carl Gustav Verbraeken (born 18 September 1950 in Wilrijk, Belgium) is a Belgian composer.
The Cathedral of Our Lady (Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal) is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Antwerp, Belgium.
Rabbi Chaim Kreiswirth (1918-2001) זצוק"ל was an Orthodox rabbi who served as the longtime Chief Rabbi of Congregation Machzikei Hadass Antwerp, Belgium.
Charleroi (Tchålerwè) is a city and a municipality of Wallonia, located in the province of Hainaut, Belgium.
Christian Democratic and Flemish (Dutch: Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams, CD&V) is a Christian democratic Flemish political party in Belgium.
A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
Christophe Plantin (Christoffel Plantijn; – 1 July 1589) was an influential Renaissance humanist and book printer and publisher.
Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several tree species from the genus Cinnamomum.
CityJet is an Irish regional airline with headquarters in Swords, Dublin.
A civil engineer is a person who practices civil engineering – the application of planning, designing, constructing, maintaining, and operating infrastructures while protecting the public and environmental health, as well as improving existing infrastructures that have been neglected.
A classification yard (American and Canadian English) or marshalling yard (British, Hong Kong, Indian, Australian and Canadian English) is a railway yard found at some freight train stations, used to separate railway cars onto one of several tracks.
In electric power generation a combined cycle is an assembly of heat engines that work in tandem from the same source of heat, converting it into mechanical energy, which in turn usually drives electrical generators.
A composer (Latin ''compōnō''; literally "one who puts together") is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music (for a singer or choir), instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms.
Confiserie Roodthooft is a family company producing Belgian sweets and toffees.
Constant Permeke (31 July 1886 – 4 January 1952) was a Belgian painter and sculptor who is considered the leading figure of Flemish expressionism.
Cornelis Melyn (1600 – c. 1662) was an early Dutch settler in New Netherland and Patroon of Staten Island.
The County of Flanders (Graafschap Vlaanderen, Comté de Flandre) was a historic territory in the Low Countries.
A court is a tribunal, often as a government institution, with the authority to adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law.
A cruise ship or cruise liner is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, when the voyage itself, the ship's amenities, and sometimes the different destinations along the way (i.e., ports of call), are part of the experience.
The cycling competitions at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp consisted of two road racing events and four track racing events, all for men only.
Damião de Góis (February 2, 1502January 30, 1574), born in Alenquer, Portugal, was an important Portuguese humanist philosopher.
Daniel Sternefeld (Antwerp, 27 November 1905 – Brussels, 2 June 1986) was a Belgian composer and conductor.
Dame Daphne du Maurier, Lady Browning, (13 May 1907 – 19 April 1989) was an English author and playwright.
David Hendrik, Baron Chassé (Tiel, 18 March 1765 – Breda, 2 May 1849) was a Dutch soldier who fought both for and against Napoleon.
David Teniers the Elder (158229 July 1649), Flemish painter, was born at Antwerp.
David Teniers the Younger or David Teniers II (15 December 1610 – 25 April 1690) was a Flemish painter, printmaker, draughtsman, miniaturist painter, staffage painter, copyist and art curator.
De Koninck Brewery (Brouwerij De Koninck) is a Belgian brewery based in Antwerp (Antwerpen in Dutch).
Vlaamse Vervoersmaatschappij De Lijn (English: Flemish transport company De Lijn), usually known as De Lijn ("The Line"), is a company run by the Flemish government in Belgium to provide public transportation with about 2240 buses and 399 trams.
The Botanic Garden of Antwerp, which currently carries the name Den Botaniek (also sometimes locally called The Botanieken Court or herb garden), is a landscaped botanical garden created in 1825 in the inner city of Antwerp located at the Leopoldstraat, covering an area of slightly less than 1 hectare.
Den Dam is an area in northern Antwerp.
Deurne is the second largest district of the municipality of Antwerp, Belgium, (right after the Antwerp town district) and has 69,408 inhabitants.
Diamond is a solid form of carbon with a diamond cubic crystal structure.
Doel is a subdivision of the municipality of Beveren in the Flemish province of East-Flanders.
Drawing is a form of visual art in which a person uses various drawing instruments to mark paper or another two-dimensional medium.
Druon Antigoon is a Flemish folkloric character.
Dubrovnik (historically Ragusa) is a Croatian city on the Adriatic Sea.
The Duchy of Brabant was a State of the Holy Roman Empire established in 1183.
Duke of Clarence is a substantive title which has been traditionally awarded to junior members of the British royal family.
Durban (eThekwini, from itheku meaning "bay/lagoon") is the largest city in the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal and the third most populous in South Africa after Johannesburg and Cape Town.
The Dutch Golden Age (Gouden Eeuw) was a period in the history of the Netherlands, roughly spanning the 17th century, in which Dutch trade, science, military, and art were among the most acclaimed in the world.
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
The Dutch Republic was a republic that existed from the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces (which earlier seceded from the Spanish rule) until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.
The Dutch Revolt (1568–1648)This article adopts 1568 as the starting date of the war, as this was the year of the first battles between armies.
Dutch West India Company (Geoctroyeerde Westindische Compagnie, or GWIC; Chartered West India Company) was a chartered company (known as the "WIC") of Dutch merchants as well as foreign investors.
East Flanders (Dutch: Oost-Vlaanderen, (Province de) Flandre-Orientale, Ostflandern) is a province of Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium.
Edegem (first mentioned as Buizegem in 1173) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp.
Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was King of England and Lord of Ireland from January 1327 until his death; he is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father, Edward II.
The Eighty Years' War (Tachtigjarige Oorlog; Guerra de los Ochenta Años) or Dutch War of Independence (1568–1648) was a revolt of the Seventeen Provinces of what are today the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg against the political and religious hegemony of Philip II of Spain, the sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands.
Ekeren is a northern district of the municipality of Antwerp in the Flemish Region of Belgium.
Electricity generation is the process of generating electric power from sources of primary energy.
Enceinte (from Latin incinctus: girdled, surrounded) is a French term denoting the "main defensive enclosure of a fortification".
Engineers, as practitioners of engineering, are people who invent, design, analyze, build, and test machines, systems, structures and materials to fulfill objectives and requirements while considering the limitations imposed by practicality, regulation, safety, and cost.
Erasmus II Schetz sometimes Scets died 1550 was a Flemish nobleman.
Eric de Kuyper (born 1942) is a Flemish-Belgian and Dutch writer, semiologist, art critic, and experimental film director.
The European Capitals and Cities of Sport Federation (ACES Europe) is a non-profit federation based in Brussels which has granted the awards of European Capital, City, Community and Town of Sport every year since 2001.
An exchange, or bourse also known as a trading exchange or trading venue, is an organized market where (especially) tradable securities, commodities, foreign exchange, futures, and options contracts are sold and bought.
Exposition Internationale d'Anvers was a World's Fair held in Antwerp, Belgium between 5 May and 5 November in 1894.
The Siege of Antwerp took place during the Eighty Years' War from July 1584 until August 1585.
Fashion design is the art of applying design, aesthetics and natural beauty to clothing and its accessories.
Federigo Giambelli (or Gianibelli; also given as Genebelli or Genibelli in contemporary English texts), was an Italian military and civil engineer who worked in Spain, the Spanish Netherlands and England in the late 16th and early 17th centuries.
Ferdinand Perier (22 September 1875, Antwerp, Belgium – 10 November 1968, Calcutta, India), was a Belgian Jesuit priest, a missionary in British India, and the third Archbishop of Calcutta (now Kolkata).
Ferdinand van Apshoven, 'the younger,' son of the painter of the same name, and brother of the more celebrated Thomas, was baptized in 1630.
Fernand Braudel (24 August 1902 – 27 November 1985) was a French historian and a leader of the Annales School.
Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Pimentel, 3rd Duke of Alba, GE, KOGF, GR (29 October 150711 December 1582), known as the Grand Duke of Alba in Spain and the Iron Duke in the Netherlands, was a Spanish noble, general, and diplomat.
Ferre Grignard (13 March 1939 – 8 August 1982) was a Belgian skiffle-singer from Antwerp who surprised the world in 1965 with his international hits "Ring Ring, I've Got To Sing" and "My Crucified Jesus".
Fez (فاس, Berber: Fas, ⴼⴰⵙ, Fès) is a city in northern inland Morocco and the capital of the Fas-Meknas administrative region.
The Finnish Seamen's Mission (Suomen Merimieskirkko ry, Finlands Sjömanskyrka rf) was established in 1875.
The First Crusade (1095–1099) was the first of a number of crusades that attempted to recapture the Holy Land, called for by Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont in 1095.
Flanders (Vlaanderen, Flandre, Flandern) is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium, although there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history.
The Flemish Government (Dutch) is the executive branch of the Flemish Community and the Flemish Region of Belgium.
The Flemish Movement (Vlaamse Beweging) is the political movement for greater autonomy of the Belgian region of Flanders, for protection of the Dutch language, for the overall protection of Flemish culture and history, and in some cases, for splitting from Belgium and forming an independent state.
Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group.
Ford Madox Brown (16 April 1821 – 6 October 1893) was a French-born British painter of moral and historical subjects, notable for his distinctively graphic and often Hogarthian version of the Pre-Raphaelite style.
Fordham University is a private research university in New York City.
A fossil fuel power station is a power station which burns a fossil fuel such as coal, natural gas, or petroleum to produce electricity.
Francesco Guicciardini (6 March 1483 – 22 May 1540) was an Italian historian and statesman.
Francis Palms (1809–1886) was the largest landholder in Michigan during the mid-1850s.
The Franklin Rooseveltplaats is a large square in the city of Antwerp, Belgium, placed at the crossing of the Leien and Turnhoutsebaan, and within walking distance of the Koningin Astridplein and Antwerp-Central station.
The Franks (Franci or gens Francorum) were a collection of Germanic peoples, whose name was first mentioned in 3rd century Roman sources, associated with tribes on the Lower and Middle Rhine in the 3rd century AD, on the edge of the Roman Empire.
Frans Floris, Frans Floris the Elder or Frans Floris de Vriendt (1517 – 1 October 1570) was a Flemish painter mainly known for his history paintings and portraits.
Frans Hals the Elder (– 26 August 1666) was a Dutch Golden Age painter, normally of portraits, who lived and worked in Haarlem.
Frans Snyders or Frans Snijders (11 November 1579, Antwerp – 19 August 1657, Antwerp) was a Flemish painter of animals, hunting scenes, market scenes and still lifes.
Frédéric Théodore Faber, a Belgian landscape and genre painter, born at Brussels in 1782, was first instructed by his father, but in 1799 he went to Antwerp, and studied under Balthasar Paul Ommeganck.
The "French Fury" was a failed attempt by Francis, Duke of Anjou, to conquer the city of Antwerp by surprise on 17 January 1583.
Gaspar de Crayer or Jasper de Crayer (18 November 1584 – 27 January 1669) was a Flemish painter known for his many Counter-Reformation altarpieces and portraits.
The Gazet van Antwerpen (Antwerp Gazette, popularly named De Frut, "sour head cheese") is a Belgian newspaper in Antwerp and Flanders, published by Concentra.
Gérard Edelinck (20 October 1640 (baptized) – 2 April 1707) was a copper-plate engraver and print publisher of Flemish origin, who worked in Paris from 1666 and became a naturalized French citizen in 1675.
Genoa (Genova,; Zêna; English, historically, and Genua) is the capital of the Italian region of Liguria and the sixth-largest city in Italy.
George Louis Palmella Busson du Maurier (6 March 18348 October 1896) was a Franco-British cartoonist and author, known for his drawings in Punch and for his novel Trilby.
Georges Eekhoud (27 May 1854 – 29 May 1927) was a Belgian novelist of Flemish descent, but writing in French.
Ger, or Gur (or Gerrer when used as an adjective) is a Hasidic dynasty originating from Ger, the Yiddish name of Góra Kalwaria, a small town in Poland.
Gerard is a male forename of Proto-Germanic origin, variations of which exist in many Germanic and Romance languages.
Jacob Lodewijk Gerard, Baron Walschap (Londerzeel-St. Jozef, 9 July 1898 – Antwerp, 25 October 1989), was a Belgian writer.
The German occupation of Belgium (Occupation allemande, Duitse bezetting) of World War I was a military occupation of Belgium by the forces of the German Empire between 1914 and 1918.
The Germanic peoples (also called Teutonic, Suebian, or Gothic in older literature) are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group of Northern European origin.
Ghent (Gent; Gand) is a city and a municipality in the Flemish Region of Belgium.
Giants (from Latin and Ancient Greek: "gigas", cognate giga-) are beings of human appearance, but prodigious size and strength common in the mythology and legends of many different cultures.
Gillis van Coninxloo (now also referred to as Gillis van Coninxloo II but previously referred to as Gillis van Coninxloo III) (24 January 1544 – January 1607) was a Flemish painter of landscapes who played an important role in the development of Northern landscape art at the turn of the 17th century.
Godfrey of Bouillon (18 September 1060 – 18 July 1100) was a Frankish knight and one of the leaders of the First Crusade from 1096 until its conclusion in 1099.
The term Golden Age comes from Greek mythology, particularly the Works and Days of Hesiod, and is part of the description of temporal decline of the state of peoples through five Ages, Gold being the first and the one during which the Golden Race of humanity (chrýseon génos) lived.
Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.
Groen (English: Green; Groen), founded as Agalev (see name-section below), is a green political party in Belgium.
The Grote Markt ("Great Market Square") of Antwerp is a town square situated in the heart of the old city quarter.
Haifa (חֵיפָה; حيفا) is the third-largest city in Israel – after Jerusalem and Tel Aviv– with a population of in.
The Hanseatic League (Middle Low German: Hanse, Düdesche Hanse, Hansa; Standard German: Deutsche Hanse; Latin: Hansa Teutonica) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Northwestern and Central Europe.
Haredi Judaism (חֲרֵדִי,; also spelled Charedi, plural Haredim or Charedim) is a broad spectrum of groups within Orthodox Judaism, all characterized by a rejection of modern secular culture.
Hasidism, sometimes Hasidic Judaism (hasidut,; originally, "piety"), is a Jewish religious group.
Hasselt is a Belgian city and municipality, and capital of the province of Limburg.
Heaven Tanudiredja (born 1982) is an Indonesian fashion designer living and working in Antwerp, Belgium.
The transportation, handling and installation of heavy items which are indivisible, and of weights generally accepted to be over 100 tons and of widths/heights of more than 100 meters.
Hemiksem (historical spellings Heymissen and Hemixem) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp.
Hendrik Abbé was a Flemish painter, engraver and architect.
Henri or Hendrik Conscience (3 December 1812 – 10 September 1883) was a Belgian author.
Henri-Alexis Brialmont (Venlo, 25 May 1821 – Brussels, 21 July 1903), nicknamed The Belgian Vauban after the French architect Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, was a Belgian army officer, politician and writer of the 19th century, best known as a military architect and designer of fortifications.
Het Steen is a medieval fortress in the old city centre of Antwerp, Belgium, one of Europe's biggest ports.
The high jump is a track and field event in which competitors must jump unaided over a horizontal bar placed at measured heights without dislodging it.
Hippolyte Delehaye, S.J., (Antwerp, 19 August 1859 – Brussels, 1 April 1941) was a Belgian Jesuit who was a hagiographical scholar and an outstanding member of the Society of Bollandists.
The history of the Jews in Antwerp, Belgium goes back at least eight hundred years.
Hoboken is a southern district of the arrondissement and city of Antwerp, in the Flemish Region of Belgium.
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
Houston is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas and the fourth most populous city in the United States, with a census-estimated 2017 population of 2.312 million within a land area of.
Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement characterised by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles.
An international airport is an airport that offers customs and immigration facilities for passengers travelling between countries.
The International Business Times is an American online news publication that publishes seven national editions and four languages.
An investor is a person that allocates capital with the expectation of a future financial return.
The Italian War of 1551 (1551–1559), sometimes known as the Habsburg–Valois War and the Last Italian War, began when Henry II of France, who had succeeded Francis I to the throne, declared war against Holy Roman Emperor Charles V with the intent of recapturing Italy and ensuring French, rather than Habsburg, domination of European affairs.
Jacob (Jacques) Jordaens (19 May 1593 – 18 October 1678) was a Flemish painter, draughtsman and tapestry designer known for his history paintings, genre scenes and portraits.
Jacob Leyssens or Jacob Lyssens (nickname Notenkraker) (1661, Antwerp - 1710, Antwerp), was a Flemish painter and decorator.
Jacob van Artevelde (c. 1290 – 17 or 24 July 1345), also known as The Wise Man and the Brewer of Ghent, was a Flemish statesman and political leader.
Jan Brueghel the Elder (also Breughel;; 1568 – 13 January 1625) was a Flemish painter and draughtsman.
Jan Frans Willems (11 March 1793 – 24 June 1846), Flemish writer and father of the Flemish movement.
Jan Fijt or Johannes Fijt (or Fyt) (15 March 1611 – 11 September 1661) was a Flemish Baroque painter, draughtsman and etcher.
Jan Gossaert (c. 1478 – 1 October 1532) was a French-speaking painter from the Low Countries also known as Jan Mabuse (the name he adopted from his birthplace, Maubeuge) or Jennyn van Hennegouwe (Hainaut), as he called himself when he matriculated in the Guild of Saint Luke, at Antwerp, in 1503.
Jan Lievens (24 October 1607 – 4 June 1674) was a Dutch painter, usually associated with Rembrandt, working in a similar style.
Jan Moretus, also John Moerentorf or 'Joannes Moretus', (2 May 1543 – 22 September 1610) was a Flemish printer.
Jean Bingen (26 March 1920 – 6 February 2012) was a Belgian papyrologist and epigrapher, specialized in Greek and Roman history and civilizations, especially ancient Egypt, economic history of Ptolemaic Egypt (Papyrus Revenue Laws), Greek papyrology and epigraphy (notably ostraca from El Kab), Greek and Roman archaeology (Alba Fucens, Argos, Delphi, Thorikos, El Kab), Greek and Latin epigraphy (in Greece, particularly Attica, Delphi, Peloponnese and Thorikos; Egypt), Greek (Thorikos) and Roman (El Kab) numismatics, Greek philology and literature (Menander).
Jean Genet (–) was a French novelist, playwright, poet, essayist, and political activist.
Jef Lambeaux or Josef Lambeaux (14 January 18525 June 1908) was a Belgian sculptor who worked during the late 19th century and early 20th century.
Jef van Hoof (8 May 1886 - 24 April 1959) was a Flemish composer and conductor.
Jessica Van Der Steen (born 9 July 1984 in Westmalle, Antwerp) is a Belgian fashion model.
Joachim Patinir, also called Patenier (c. 1480 – 5 October 1524), was a Flemish Renaissance painter of history and landscape subjects.
Johann Wilhelm Fortunat Coaz (31 May 1822 – 18 August 1918) was a Swiss forester, topographer and mountaineer from Graubünden.
John Bull (1562 or 1563 – 12 March 1628) was an English composer, musician and organ builder.
John Lothrop Motley (April 15, 1814 – May 29, 1877) was an American author, best known for his two popular histories The Rise of the Dutch Republic and The United Netherlands.
Johannes Michel or John Michael Rysbrack, original name Jan Michiel Rijsbrack (27 June 1694 – 8 January 1770), was an 18th-century Flemish sculptor.
John Rogers (c. 1505 – 4 February 1555) was an English clergyman, Bible translator and commentator.
Joos van Cleve (also Joos van der Beke; c. 1485 – 1540/1541) was a painter active in Antwerp around 1511 to 1540.
Joseph Poelaert (21 March 1817 – 3 November 1879) was a Belgian architect.
The Journal of Early Modern History is a peer-reviewed academic journal focusing on the early modern period.
Koninklijke Beerschot Voetbal en Atletiek Club was a Belgian football club from Antwerp.
Kapellen (old spelling: Cappellen) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp.
Charles Istaz (August 3, 1924 – July 28, 2007) was a Belgian professional wrestler and trainer, best known by his ring name Karl Gotch.
The Kennedytunnel is an important road, rail and bicycle tunnel to the south of Antwerp, Belgium under the Scheldt river.
KFCO Beerschot Wilrijk, is a Belgian professional football club, located in Wilrijk, Antwerp, that competes in the First Division B. The club is affiliated with the Royal Belgian Football Association since 1921 and has been allocated association number 155.
The King of Jerusalem was the supreme ruler of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, the Crusader state founded by Christian princes in 1099 when the First Crusade took the city.
Klausenburg, also known as Sanz-Klausenburg, is a Hasidic dynasty that originated in the Transylvanian city of Cluj-Napoca (formerly Klausenburg), Romania.
Kruibeke is a municipality located in the Belgian province of East Flanders.
Laetitia Beck (לטיסיה בק; born February 5, 1992) is an Israeli professional golfer.
Lasgo are a Belgian electronic music group.
Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, (born Lourens Alma Tadema; 8 January 1836 – 25 June 1912) was a Dutch painter of special British denizenship.
Lebanon (لبنان; Lebanese pronunciation:; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.
The Letterenhuis ("House of Literature") is a Belgian non-profit organization located in Antwerp.
Leuven or Louvain (Louvain,; Löwen) is the capital of the province of Flemish Brabant in Belgium.
Liège (Lidje; Luik,; Lüttich) is a major Walloon city and municipality and the capital of the Belgian province of Liège. The city is situated in the valley of the Meuse, in the east of Belgium, not far from borders with the Netherlands (Maastricht is about to the north) and with Germany (Aachen is about north-east). At Liège, the Meuse meets the River Ourthe. The city is part of the sillon industriel, the former industrial backbone of Wallonia. It still is the principal economic and cultural centre of the region. The Liège municipality (i.e. the city proper) includes the former communes of Angleur, Bressoux, Chênée, Glain, Grivegnée, Jupille-sur-Meuse, Rocourt, and Wandre. In November 2012, Liège had 198,280 inhabitants. The metropolitan area, including the outer commuter zone, covers an area of 1,879 km2 (725 sq mi) and had a total population of 749,110 on 1 January 2008. Population of all municipalities in Belgium on 1 January 2008. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. Definitions of metropolitan areas in Belgium. The metropolitan area of Liège is divided into three levels. First, the central agglomeration (agglomeratie) with 480,513 inhabitants (2008-01-01). Adding the closest surroundings (banlieue) gives a total of 641,591. And, including the outer commuter zone (forensenwoonzone) the population is 810,983. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. This includes a total of 52 municipalities, among others, Herstal and Seraing. Liège ranks as the third most populous urban area in Belgium, after Brussels and Antwerp, and the fourth municipality after Antwerp, Ghent and Charleroi.
The Liefkenshoektunnel is a toll tunnel between Antwerp and Beveren under the River Schelde.
Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.
Linkeroever (Literal translation: Left river bank) is an area in the city of Antwerp, on the left bank of the Scheldt.
Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, KG (29 November 133817 October 1368) was the third son, but the second son to survive infancy, of the English king Edward III and Philippa of Hainault.
This is a list of the world's busiest container ports (ports with container terminals that specialize in handling goods transported in shipping containers) by total number of actual twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) transported through the port.
This is a list of cities in Belgium.
This is a list of mayors of Antwerp, Belgium.
A lock is a device used for raising and lowering boats, ships and other watercraft between stretches of water of different levels on river and canal waterways.
Lode Craeybeckx (24 November 1897 – 25 July 1976) served as Mayor of Antwerp, Belgium from 1947 until his death in 1976, becoming the longest serving mayor of the city in its history.
Loughborough University (abbreviated as Lough for post-nominals) is a public research university in the market town of Loughborough, Leicestershire, in the East Midlands of England.
Louis Delacenserie (1838–1909) was a Belgian architect from Bruges.
The Low Countries or, in the geographic sense of the term, the Netherlands (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays Bas) is a coastal region in northwestern Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.
The Duchy of Lower Lorraine, or Lower Lotharingia (also referred to as Lothier or Lottier in titles), was a stem duchy established in 959, of the medieval Kingdom of Germany, which encompassed almost all of the modern Netherlands (including Friesland), central and eastern Belgium, Luxemburg, the northern part of the German Rhineland province and the eastern parts of France's Nord-Pas de Calais region.
Ludwigshafen am Rhein is a city in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, on the Rhine opposite Mannheim.
Manchester United Football Club is a professional football club based in Old Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, that competes in the Premier League, the top flight of English football.
Margaret of Parma (28 December 1522 – 18 January 1586) was Governor of the Netherlands from 1559 to 1567 and from 1578 to 1582.
The Margraviate of Antwerp (or Mark of Antwerp) consisted since the eleventh century of the area around the cities of Antwerp and Breda.
The Maronite Church (الكنيسة المارونية) is an Eastern Catholic sui iuris particular church in full communion with the Pope and the Catholic Church, with self-governance under the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches.
Martin Delrio (Martinus Antonius Delrio; Martín Antonio del Río; Martin-Antoine del Rio; 17 May 1551 – 19 October 1608) was a Jesuit theologian, born in the Low Countries but of Spanish descent.
A martyr (Greek: μάρτυς, mártys, "witness"; stem μάρτυρ-, mártyr-) is someone who suffers persecution and death for advocating, renouncing, refusing to renounce, or refusing to advocate a belief or cause as demanded by an external party.
A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics in his or her work, typically to solve mathematical problems.
Matthias Schoenaerts (born 8 December 1977) is a Belgian actor, film producer, and graffiti artist of Flemish origin.
Matthijs Bril or Matthijs Bril the Younger (1550 in Antwerp – 8 June 1583 in Rome) was a Flemish painter and draughtsman of landscapes.
Maurice, Baron Gilliams (Antwerp, 20 July 1900-Antwerp, 18 October 1982) was a Flemish writer and poet.
Maurice van Essche (4 October 1906, Antwerp, Belgium – 12 June 1977, Thonon, France) was a major South African artist and art teacher who achieved national and international recognition in his lifetime.
Meir is the main shopping street in Antwerp, Belgium.
A merchant is a person who trades in commodities produced by other people.
Merksem (former spelling: Merxem) is a district of the municipality and city of Antwerp in the Flemish Region of Belgium.
The Merovingians were a Salian Frankish dynasty that ruled the Franks for nearly 300 years in a region known as Francia in Latin, beginning in the middle of the 5th century.
National statistics differ between five Metropolitan areas in Belgium.
Fernand Berckelaers (10 March 1901 in Antwerp – 12 February 1999 in Paris), pseudonym Michel Seuphor (anagram of Orpheus), was a Belgian painter.
The Military Administration in Belgium and Northern France (Militärverwaltung in Belgien und Nordfrankreich) was an interim occupation authority established during the Second World War by Nazi Germany that included present-day Belgium and the French departments of Nord and Pas-de-Calais.
Military engineering is loosely defined as the art, science, and practice of designing and building military works and maintaining lines of military transport and communications.
A mole is a massive structure, usually of stone, used as a pier, breakwater, or a causeway between places separated by water.
Mortsel is a city and municipality close to the city of Antwerp located in the Belgian province of Antwerp.
Mulhouse (Alsatian: Milhüsa or Milhüse,;; i.e. mill house) is a city and commune in eastern France, close to the Swiss and German borders.
The Museum aan de Stroom (MAS; Dutch for: Museum by the River) is a museum located along the river Scheldt in the Eilandje district of Antwerp, Belgium.
A music festival is a community event oriented towards live performances of singing and instrument playing that is often presented with a theme such as musical genre (e.g., blues, folk, jazz, classical music), nationality, or locality of musicians, or holiday.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The New Flemish Alliance (Nieuw-Vlaamse Alliantie, N-VA) is a Flemish nationalist and conservative political party in Belgium, founded in 2001.
Nicolaas II Rockox (1560–1640), knight, was a mayor of Antwerp.
Nicolaes Maes, also known as Nicolaes Maas (January 1634 – November 24, 1693 (buried)) was a Dutch Golden Age painter of genre and portraits.
Saint Norbert of Xanten (c. 1080 – 6 June 1134) (Xanten-Magdeburg), also known as Norbert Gennep, was a bishop of the Catholic Church, founder of the Premonstratensian order of canons regular, and is venerated as a saint.
North Brabant (Noord-Brabant), also unofficially called Brabant, is a province in the south of the Netherlands.
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
The Norwegian Church Abroad or The Norwegian Seamen’s Church (Sjømannskirken) is a religious organisation serving Norwegians and other Scandinavians travelling abroad.
Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant.
An oast, oast house or hop kiln is a building designed for kilning (drying) hops as part of the brewing process.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
Oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, jet fuel and fuel oils.
The Olympisch Stadion or Kielstadion) was built as the main stadium for the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp. For those games, it hosted the athletics, equestrian, field hockey, football, gymnastics, modern pentathlon, rugby union, tug of war, weightlifting and korfball (demonstration) events. Following the Olympics it was converted to a football stadium. Its current tenant is FCO Beerschot Wilrijk, a Belgian football club. There are no remnants of the Olympic athletics track. It is possible that Archibald Leitch was involved in the design of the stadium having made several visits prior to the Games.
The Oosterweel Link is a long running proposed construction project intended to complete the Antwerp Ring Road.
Orthodox Judaism is a collective term for the traditionalist branches of Judaism, which seek to maximally maintain the received Jewish beliefs and observances and which coalesced in opposition to the various challenges of modernity and secularization.
Osias Beert or Osias Beert the Elder (c. 1580 – 1623/24) was a Flemish painter active in Antwerp who played an important role in the early development of flower and "breakfast"-type still lifes as independent genres in Northern European art.
Ostend (Oostende, or; Ostende; Ostende) is a Belgian coastal city and municipality, located in the province of West Flanders.
Otto II (955 – December 7, 983), called the Red (Rufus), was Holy Roman Emperor from 973 until his death in 983.
An oval (from Latin ovum, "egg") is a closed curve in a plane which "loosely" resembles the outline of an egg.
Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a solid surface (support base).
The Palace of Justice (Palais de Justice, Dutch) or Law Courts of Brussels is the most important court building in Belgium.
Paramaribo (nickname: Par′bo) is the capital and largest city of Suriname, located on the banks of the Suriname River in the Paramaribo District.
Patrick Janssens is a former Belgian politician, born on 19 September 1956.
Paul Bril (1554 – 7 October 1626) was a Flemish painter and printmaker principally known for his landscapes.
Paul Henri Maria, Count Buysse, CMG, CBE (born 17 March 1945, in Antwerp) is a Belgian businessman.
Paul van Ostaijen (22 February 1896 – 18 March 1928) was a Belgian poet and writer.
The Peace of Münster was a treaty between the Lords States General of the United Netherlands and the Spanish Crown, the terms of which were agreed on 30 January 1648.
Sir Peter Paul Rubens (28 June 1577 – 30 May 1640) was a Flemish artist.
Peter Tillemans (1684 – 5 December 1734)Noakes, Aubrey, Sportsmen in a Landscape (Ayer Publishing, 1971), at books.google.com, accessed 7 February 2009.
Petrochemicals (also known as petroleum distillates) are chemical products derived from petroleum.
Philip II (Felipe II; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598), called "the Prudent" (el Prudente), was King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples and Sicily (both from 1554), and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland (during his marriage to Queen Mary I from 1554–58).
Philip Anthony Sessarego (31 December 1952 – November 2008) was a British soldier, adventurer and author, who published the best-selling book Jihad! - The Secret War in Afghanistan.
Philips of Marnix, Lord of Saint-Aldegonde, Lord of West-Souburg (Dutch: Filips van Marnix, heer van Sint-Aldegonde, heer van West-Souburg, French: Philippe de Marnix, seigneur de Sainte-Aldegonde; Brussels, 7 March/20 July 1540 – Leiden, 15 December 1598) was a Flemish and Dutch writer and statesman, and the probable author of the text of the Dutch national anthem, the Wilhelmus.
Pieter Bruegel (also Brueghel) the Elder (c. 1525-1530 – 9 September 1569) was the most significant artist of Dutch and Flemish Renaissance painting, a painter and printmaker from Brabant, known for his landscapes and peasant scenes (so called genre painting); he was a pioneer in making both types of subject the focus in large paintings.
Planning Perspectives is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal of history, planning, and the environment.
The Plantin-Moretus Museum (Plantin-Moretusmuseum) is a printing museum in Antwerp, Belgium which focuses on the work of the 16th century printers Christophe Plantin and Jan Moretus.
A polder is a low-lying tract of land enclosed by dikes that form an artificial hydrological entity, meaning it has no connection with outside water other than through manually operated devices.
Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States and United Kingdom during the mid-1950s.
The Port of Antwerp in Flanders, Belgium, is a port in the heart of Europe accessible to capesize ships.
The Port of Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe, located in the city of Rotterdam, Netherlands.
A portrait is a painting, photograph, sculpture, or other artistic representation of a person, in which the face and its expression is predominant.
The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (later known as the Pre-Raphaelites) was a group of English painters, poets, and critics, founded in 1848 by William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais and Dante Gabriel Rossetti.
The Order of Canons Regular of Prémontré, also known as the Premonstratensians, the Norbertines and, in Britain and Ireland, as the White Canons (from the colour of their habit), are a religious order of Canons regular of the Catholic Church founded in Prémontré near Laon in 1120 by Norbert of Xanten, who later became Archbishop of Magdeburg.
Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper.
The Pro Basketball League (PBL), for sponsorship reasons, known as the EuroMillions Basketball League, is the highest tier level professional basketball league in Belgium for clubs.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
Pshevorsk is a small Hasidic movement based in Antwerp, Belgium, led by the Leiser rabbinical dynasty, originating in the Polish town of Przeworsk.
Quentin Massys (Quinten Matsijs) (1466–1530) was a Belgian painter in the Flemish tradition and a founder of the Antwerp school.
Ray Cokes (born Raymond Christopher Cokes on 24 February 1958 on the Isle of Wight) is an English television presenter.
The Reformation (or, more fully, the Protestant Reformation; also, the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers in 16th century Europe.
Reimerswaal is a municipality in the province of Zeeland in the southwestern Netherlands on Zuid-Beveland, named after the lost city.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
The resurrection of Jesus or resurrection of Christ is the Christian religious belief that, after being put to death, Jesus rose again from the dead: as the Nicene Creed expresses it, "On the third day he rose again in accordance with the Scriptures".
Rheinbote (Rhine Messenger, or V4) was a German short range ballistic rocket developed by Rheinmetall-Borsig at Berlin-Marienfelde during World War II.
Richard George Rogers, Baron Rogers of Riverside (born 23 July 1933) is a British architect noted for his modernist and functionalist designs in high-tech architecture.
Robert Wiedeman Barrett Browning, known as Pen Browning, (9 March 1849 – 8 July 1912) was an English painter.
Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States.
The Rockox House is a former residence of the Rockox family and Belgian private museum of KBC Bank in the city of Antwerp, Belgium.
Don Rodrigo Calderón, Conde de la Oliva de Plasencia, Marqués (Marquis) de Siete Iglesias (1580s – Madrid, October 21, 1621) was a favorite minister of the Duke of Lerma, while the latter was valido or valued minister of King Philip III of Spain.
Romelu Menama Lukaku Bolingoli (born 13 May 1993) is a Belgian professional footballer who plays as a striker for Premier League club Manchester United and the Belgium national team.
Romi Goldmuntz (Kraków, 1882-1960) was a Belgian businessman who played an essential role in the survival of the diamond business in Antwerp.
Rostock is a city in the north German state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
Rotterdam is a city in the Netherlands, in South Holland within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea.
The Royal Academy of Fine Arts Antwerp (Koninklijke Academie voor Schone Kunsten van Antwerpen) is an art academy located in Antwerp, Belgium.
Royal Antwerp Football Club, often simply referred to as Antwerp, is a Belgian football club based in the city of Antwerp.
The Royal Belgian Football Association (Dutch: Koninklijke Belgische Voetbalbond, KBVB; French: Union royale belge des sociétés de football association, URBSFA; German: Königlicher Belgischer Fußballverband, KBFV) is the governing body of football in Belgium.
The Royal Meteorological Institute of Belgium (French: Institut Royal Météorologique de Belgique or IRM; Dutch: Koninklijk Meteorologisch Instituut van België or KMI) is a Belgian federal institute engaged in scientific research in the field of meteorology.
The Royal Museum of Fine Arts Antwerp (Dutch: Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten Antwerpen) is a museum in Antwerp, Belgium, founded in 1810, houses a collection of paintings, sculptures and drawings from the fourteenth to the twentieth centuries.
The Rubenshuis ("Rubens House") is the former home and studio of Peter Paul Rubens (1577–1640) in Antwerp.
The Sack of Antwerp, often known as the Spanish Fury at Antwerp, was an episode of the Eighty Years' War.
A sail is a tensile structure—made from fabric or other membrane materials—that uses wind power to propel sailing craft, including sailing ships, sailboats, windsurfers, ice boats, and even sail-powered land vehicles.
Sailors’ Society is an inter-denominational Christian organisation providing pastoral care to seafarers.
Saint Eligius (also Eloy or Loye) (Éloi) (11 June 588 – 1 December 660) is the patron saint of goldsmiths, other metalworkers, and coin collectors.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Samuel Blommaert (Bloemaert, Blommaerts, Blommaart, Blomert, etc.) (11 or 21 August 1583 in Antwerp – 23 December 1651 in Amsterdam) was a Flemish/Dutch merchant and director of the Dutch West India Company from 1622 to 1629 and again from 1636 to 1642.
Satmar (סאטמאר or) is a Hasidic group originating from the city of Szatmárnémeti, Hungary (now Satu Mare, Romania), where it was founded in 1905 by Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum.
The Scheldt (l'Escaut, Escô, Schelde) is a long river in northern France, western Belgium and the southwestern part of the Netherlands.
Schoten is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp.
In local government, a city hall, town hall, civic centre, (in the UK or Australia) a guildhall, a Rathaus (German), or (more rarely) a municipal building, is the chief administrative building of a city, town, or other municipality.
Semiotics (also called semiotic studies) is the study of meaning-making, the study of sign process (semiosis) and meaningful communication.
Seville (Sevilla) is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of Andalusia and the province of Seville, Spain.
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
The modern terms short sea shipping, marine highway and motorways of the sea refer to the historical terms coastal trade, coastal shipping, coasting trade and coastwise trade, which encompass the movement of cargo and passengers mainly by sea along a coast, without crossing an ocean.
The Siege of Antwerp took place after fighting in the Belgian Revolution ended.
The Siege of Antwerp (Beleg van Antwerpen, Siège d'Anvers, Belagerung von Antwerpen.) was an engagement between the German and the Belgian, British and French armies around the fortified city of Antwerp during World War I. German troops besieged a garrison of Belgian fortress troops, the Belgian field army and the British Royal Naval Division in the Antwerp area, after the German invasion of Belgium in August 1914.
Silvius Brabo was a mythical Roman soldier who was said to have killed a giant, and by this would have created the name Brabant.
Simon Kornblit (August 1, 1933 – July 2, 2010) was a Belgian-born American studio executive and actor.
Simon Stevin (1548–1620), sometimes called Stevinus, was a Flemish mathematician, physicist and military engineer.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Skver (also Skvir or Skwere; סקווער) is the name of a Hasidic dynasty founded by Rebbe Yitzchok Twersky in the city of Skver (as known in Yiddish; or Skvyra, in present-day Ukraine) during the mid-19th century.
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.
Socialist Party Differently (sp.a) is a social-democratic Flemish political party in Belgium.
The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain.
Southern England, or the South of England, also known as the South, refers roughly to the southern counties of England.
The overseas expansion under the Crown of Castile was initiated under the royal authority and first accomplished by the Spanish conquistadors.
A spire is a tapering conical or pyramidal structure on the top of a building, often a skyscraper or a church tower, similar to a steep tented roof.
Saint Boniface Church, is an Anglican church in Antwerp.
St Michael's Abbey in Antwerp was a Premonstratensian abbey founded in 1124 by Norbert of Xanten and laid waste during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Stabroek is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp.
A still life (plural: still lifes) is a work of art depicting mostly inanimate subject matter, typically commonplace objects which are either natural (food, flowers, dead animals, plants, rocks, shells, etc.) or man-made (drinking glasses, books, vases, jewelry, coins, pipes, etc.). With origins in the Middle Ages and Ancient Greco-Roman art, still-life painting emerged as a distinct genre and professional specialization in Western painting by the late 16th century, and has remained significant since then.
A stock exchange, securities exchange or bourse, is a facility where stock brokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as shares of stock and bonds and other financial instruments.
A stock market, equity market or share market is the aggregation of buyers and sellers (a loose network of economic transactions, not a physical facility or discrete entity) of stocks (also called shares), which represent ownership claims on businesses; these may include securities listed on a public stock exchange as well as those only traded privately.
The studio executive is an employee of a film studio or a corporation doing business in the entertainment industry.
Baroness Suzanne Lilar (née Suzanne Verbist; 21 May 1901 – 12 December 1992) was a Flemish Belgian essayist, novelist, and playwright writing in French.
Teniers is a Dutch language surname.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
The Descent from the Cross is the central panel of a triptych painting by Peter Paul Rubens in 1612–1614.
The Economic History Review is a peer-reviewed history journal published quarterly by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the Economic History Society.
The Elevation of the Cross (also called The Raising of the Cross) is the name of two paintings, a triptych painting, and an oil on paper painting, both by Flemish artist Peter Paul Rubens.
The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered approximately 6 million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945.
The Mission to Seafarers (formerly The Missions to Seamen) is a Christian welfare charity serving merchant crews around the world.
Theology is the critical study of the nature of the divine.
Sir Thomas Gresham the Elder (c. 1519 – 21 November 1579), was an English merchant and financier who acted on behalf of King Edward VI (1547–1553) and Edward's half-sisters, queens Mary I (1553–1558) and Elizabeth I (1558–1603).
Tia Hellebaut (born 16 February 1978 in Antwerp) is a retired Belgian track and field athlete, as well as a chemist, who started out in her sports career in the heptathlon, and afterwards specialized in the high jump event.
Thomas Andrew Barman, normally known as Tom Barman (born 1 January 1972), is a Belgian musician and film director.
Topvolley Precura Schelde-Natie Antwerpen is a volleyball club from Antwerp, Belgium.
The Antwerp tramway network (het Antwerpse tramnet) is a network of tramways forming part of the public transport system in Antwerp, a city in the Flemish region of Belgium.
A tunnel is an underground passageway, dug through the surrounding soil/earth/rock and enclosed except for entrance and exit, commonly at each end.
Turnhout is a Belgian municipality located in the Flemish province of Antwerp.
The Twelve Years' Truce was the name given to the cessation of hostilities between the Habsburg rulers of Spain and the Southern Netherlands and the Dutch Republic as agreed in Antwerp on 9 April 1609 (coinciding with the Royal Decree of Expulsion of the Moriscos).
The Union of Utrecht (Unie van Utrecht) was a treaty signed on 23 January 1579 in Utrecht, the Netherlands, unifying the northern provinces of the Netherlands, until then under the control of Habsburg Spain.
The United Kingdom of the Netherlands (Verenigd Koninkrijk der Nederlanden; Royaume-Uni des Pays-Bas) is the unofficial name given to the Kingdom of the Netherlands as it existed between 1815 and 1839.
The University of Antwerp (Universiteit Antwerpen) is one of the major Belgian universities located in the city of Antwerp.
Urban Studies is a monthly peer-reviewed academic journal covering the field of urban studies.
The V-1 flying bomb (Vergeltungswaffe 1 "Vengeance Weapon 1")—also known to the Allies as the buzz bomb, or doodlebug, and in Germany as Kirschkern (cherrystone) or Maikäfer (maybug)—was an early cruise missile and the only production aircraft to use a pulsejet for power.
The V-2 (Vergeltungswaffe 2, "Retribution Weapon 2"), technical name Aggregat 4 (A4), was the world's first long-range guided ballistic missile.
V-weapons, known in original German as Vergeltungswaffen (German: "retaliatory weapons", "reprisal weapons"), were a particular set of long-range artillery weapons designed for strategic bombing during World War II, particularly terror bombing and/or aerial bombing of cities.
Chinatown is located on Van Wesenbekestraat a street in Antwerp, Belgium.
Veerle Casteleyn (born 6 March 1978 in Belgium) is a Belgian musical theatre performer and ballerina.
Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
VG Airlines, later Delsey Airlines, (airline code IV, currently assigned to Windjet) was an airline with its head office in Merksem, Antwerp, Belgium.
In Ancient Rome, the vicus (plural vici) was a neighborhood or settlement.
Vincent Willem van Gogh (30 March 185329 July 1890) was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter who is among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art.
Vlaams Belang (VB; Dutch for "Flemish Interest") is a right-wing populist and Flemish nationalist political party in the Flemish Region and Brussels of Belgium.
The Vleeshuis (Butcher's Hall, or literally Meat House) in Antwerp, Belgium is a former guildhall.
VLM Airlines is a Belgian airline offering scheduled, charter and ACMI services.
Winfried Georg Sebald (18 May 1944 – 14 December 2001), known as W. G. Sebald or Max Sebald, was a German writer and academic.
Václav Hollar (13 July 160725 March 1677), was a Bohemian etcher, known in England as Wenceslaus or Wenceslas and by speakers of German as Wenzel Hollar.
The Western Scheldt (Westerschelde) in the province of Zeeland in the southwestern Netherlands, is the estuary of the Scheldt river.
A wharf, quay (also), staith or staithe is a structure on the shore of a harbor or on the bank of a river or canal where ships may dock to load and unload cargo or passengers.
Wijnegem is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp.
Alphonsus Josephus de Ridder (7 May 1882 – 31 May 1960), was a Belgian writer and poet who wrote under the pseudonym Willem Elsschot.
Willem Usselincx (1567, Antwerp–1647) was a Flemish Dutch merchant, investor and diplomat who was instrumental in drawing both Dutch and Swedish attention to the importance of the New World.
William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne KG KB PC (6 December 1592 – 25 December 1676) was an English polymath and aristocrat, having been a poet, equestrian, playwright, swordsman, politician, architect, diplomat and soldier.
William Tyndale (sometimes spelled Tynsdale, Tindall, Tindill, Tyndall; &ndash) was an English scholar who became a leading figure in the Protestant Reformation in the years leading up to his execution.
Wilrijk (former, original spelling: Wilrijck) is a district of the municipality and city of Antwerp in the Belgian province of Antwerp.
A wind farm is a group of wind turbines in the same location used to produce electricity.
Woensdrecht is a municipality (named after the village) in the southern Netherlands.
Wommelgem is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp.
The Workers' Party of Belgium (Partij van de Arbeid van België, PVDA; Parti du Travail de Belgique, PTB; stylized as PVDA+/PTB-GO!) is a far-left political party in Belgium that operates as a single Belgian party, in contrast to most other Belgian political parties, which are either Flemish or Francophone.
The Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique organises World Gymnastics Championships for each of the gymnastic disciplines.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Zeeland (Zeelandic: Zeêland, historical English exonym Zealand) is the westernmost and least populous province of the Netherlands.
The Zuid ("South") in Antwerp is a currently fashionable area of Antwerp.
Zurenborg is an area in south-east Antwerp largely developed between 1894 and 1906 that features a high concentration of townhouses in Art Nouveau and other fin-de-siècle styles.
Zwijndrecht is both a village and a municipality located in the Flemish province of Antwerp, in Belgium.
The Zwin is a nature reserve at the North Sea coast, on the Belgian-Dutch border.
The 11th Armoured Division, also known as The Black Bull, was an armoured division of the British Army which was created in March 1941 during the Second World War.
The 1920 Summer Olympics (Les Jeux olympiques d'été de 1920; Olympische Zomerspelen van de VIIe Olympiade), officially known as the Games of the VII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event in 1920 in Antwerp, Belgium.
The 2013 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships were held in Antwerp, Belgium, from 30 September to 6 October 2013 at Antwerp's Sports Palace.
The 2015 Tour de France was the 102nd edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
Antverpia, Antverpian, Antwerp (city), Antwerp, Belgium, Antwerpen, Antwerpen (city), Antwerpian dialect, Antwerpish, Antwerps, Antwerpt, Anvers, Anvers (city), Anversa, History of Antwerp, UN/LOCODE:BEANR.