84 relations: Abhayagiri vihāra, Abhayavapi, An Historical Relation of the Island Ceylon, Anuradhapura District, Anuradhapura railway station, Ashoka, Avalokiteśvara, Birmingham Museum of Art, Bodhisattva, Buddhadasa, Buddhism, Burgher people, City, Colombo, Common Era, Cubit, Dakkhina Stupa, Dambulla, Devanampiya Tissa of Anuradhapura, Districts of Sri Lanka, Dutugamunu, Ficus religiosa, Fort railway station, India, Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka, Iron Age, Isurumuniya, Jaffna, Jaffna railway station, Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi, Jetavanaramaya, John Davy (chemist), Kandy, Kankesanthurai, Kingdom of Tambapanni, Kingdom of Upatissa Nuwara, Kiribath Vehera, Kurunegala, Kuttam Pokuna, Lankarama, List of capitals in Sri Lanka, List of oldest continuously inhabited cities, Lovamahapaya, Mahameghavahana dynasty, Mahavamsa, Mahinda (Buddhist monk), Malvathu River, Matale, Mayor, Mirisawetiya Vihara, ..., Municipal council, Naka Vihara, North Central Province, Sri Lanka, Northern line (Sri Lanka), Pandukabhaya of Anuradhapura, Provinces of Sri Lanka, Puttalam, Rajarata, Ranmasu Uyana, Rathna Prasadaya, Robert Knox (sailor), Ruwanwelisaya, Samadhi Statue, Sela Cetiya, Sinhalese people, South Asia, Sri Lanka, Sri Lankan Malays, Sri Lankan Moors, Sri Lankan Tamils, Stupa, Tamil language, Theravada, Thuparamaya, Tissa Wewa (Anuradhapura), Toluvila statue, Trincomalee, Vasabha of Anuradhapura, Vavuniya, Vessagiri, Wilhelm Geiger, World Heritage site, World Heritage Sites of Sri Lanka, Yal Devi. Expand index (34 more) » « Shrink index
Abhayagiri Vihāra was a major monastery site of Mahayana, Theravada and Vajrayana Buddhism that was situated in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.
Abhayavapi (Sinhalese: අභයවාපි) or commonly Abhaya Wewa (Sinhalese: අභය වැව) is a reservoir built by King Pandukabhaya who ruled in Anuradhapura from 437 BC to 367 BC, after constructing the city.
An Historical Relation of the Island Ceylon together With somewhat Concerning Severall Remarkable passages of my life that hath hapned since my Deliverance out of Captivity is a book written by the English trader and sailor Robert Knox in 1681.
Anuradhapura (අනුරාධපුර දිස්ත්රික්කය anūrādhapūra distrikkaya; அனுராதபுரம் மாவட்டம் Aṉurātapuram māvaṭṭam) is a district in North Central Province, Sri Lanka.
Anuradhapura Railway Station is a railway station in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.
Ashoka (died 232 BCE), or Ashoka the Great, was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty, who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent from to 232 BCE.
Avalokiteśvara (अवलोकितेश्वर) is a bodhisattva who embodies the compassion of all Buddhas.
Founded in 1951, the Birmingham Museum of Art in Birmingham, Alabama, today has one of the finest collections in the Southeastern United States, with more than 24,000 paintings, sculptures, prints, drawings, and decorative arts representing a numerous diverse cultures, including Asian, European, American, African, Pre-Columbian, and Native American.
In Buddhism, Bodhisattva is the Sanskrit term for anyone who has generated Bodhicitta, a spontaneous wish and compassionate mind to attain Buddhahood for the benefit of all sentient beings. Bodhisattvas are a popular subject in Buddhist art.
Phra Dharmakosacarya (Nguam Indapañño) (พระธรรมโกศาจารย์ (เงื่อม อินฺทปญฺโญ)), also known as Buddhadasa Bhikkhu (พุทธทาสภิกขุ;, May 27, 1906 – May 25, 1993) was a famous and influential ascetic-philosopher of the 20th century.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Burgher people, also known simply as Burghers, are a small Eurasian ethnic group in Sri Lanka descended from Portuguese, Dutch, British and other European men who settled in Sri Lanka and developed relationships with native Sri Lankan women.
A city is a large human settlement.
Colombo (translit,; translit) is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka.
Common Era or Current Era (CE) is one of the notation systems for the world's most widely used calendar era – an alternative to the Dionysian AD and BC system.
The cubit is an ancient unit of length that had several definitions according to each of the various different cultures that used the unit.
Dakkhina Stupa is a 2nd-century BC large brick Stupa in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.
Dambulla (දඹුල්ල Dam̆bulla, தம்புள்ளை Tampuḷḷai) is a large town, situated in the Matale District, Central Province of Sri Lanka, situated north-east of Colombo and north of Kandy.
Tissa, later Devanampiya Tissa was one of the earliest kings of Sri Lanka based at the ancient capital of Anuradhapura from 307 BC to 267 BC.
In Sri Lanka, districts (Distrikka, மாவட்டம்) are the second-level administrative divisions, and are included in a province.
Dutugamunu (also spelled as Dutthagamani, also known as Dutthagamani Abhaya "fearless Gamini"), was a Sinhalese king of Sri Lanka who reigned from 161 BC to 137 BC.
Ficus religiosa or sacred fig is a species of fig native to the Indian subcontinent, and Indochina.
Fort railway station is a major rail hub in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka are Tamil people of Indian origin in Sri Lanka.
The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age system, preceded by the Stone Age (Neolithic) and the Bronze Age.
Isurumuniya is a Buddhist temple situated near to the Tissa Wewa (Tisa tank) in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.
Jaffna is the capital city of the Northern Province of Sri Lanka.
Jaffna railway station (யாழ்ப்பாணம் புகையிரத நிலையம்) is a railway station in the city of Jaffna in northern Sri Lanka.
Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi (Sinhala: ජය ශ්රී මහා බොධිය) is a sacred fig tree in the Mahamewna Gardens, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.
The Jetavanaramaya (world's tallest stupa) is a stupa located in the ruins of Jetavana in the sacred world heritage city of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.
John Davy MD FRS FRSE (24 May 1790 – 24 January 1868) was a Cornish doctor, amateur chemist, and brother of the noted chemist Sir Humphry Davy, and cousin of Edmund Davy.
Kandy (මහනුවර Mahanuwara, pronounced; கண்டி, pronounced) is a major city in Sri Lanka located in the Central Province.
Kankesanthurai or KKS, is a port suburb, fishing division and resort hub of the Jaffna District, Northern Province, Sri Lanka.
The Kingdom of Tambapanni, also referred to as Kingdom of Thambapanni, was the first kingdom in ancient Sri Lanka and the Kingdom of Rajarata.
The Kingdom of Upatissa Nuwara (sometimes referred to as Vijitapura) was the second administrative center in ancient Sri Lanka.
Kiribath Vehera is situated in the ancient sacred city of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.
Kurunegala (කුරුණෑගල, குருணாகல்) is a major city in Sri Lanka.
One of the best specimen of bathing tanks or pools in ancient Sri Lanka is the pair of pools known as Kuttam Pokuna (Twin Ponds/Pools).
Lankarama is a stupa built by King Valagamba, in an ancient place at Galhebakada in the ancient kingdom of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.
This is a list of ancient capitals of Sri Lanka.
This is a list of present-day cities by the time period over which they have been continuously inhabited.
Lovamahapaya is a building situated between Ruwanweliseya and Sri Mahabodiya in the ancient city of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.
The Mahameghavahana dynasty (c. 250s BC to 5th century CE) was an ancient ruling dynasty of Kalinga (modern-day Odisha state) after the decline of the Maurya Empire.
The Mahavamsa ("Great Chronicle", Pali Mahāvaṃsa) (5th century CE) is an epic poem written in the Pali language.
Mahinda (Sanskrit Mahendra; born third century BCE in Ujjain, modern Madhya Pradesh, India) was a Buddhist monk depicted in Buddhist sources as bringing Buddhism to Sri Lanka.
The Malvathu River (මල්වතු ඔය Malvathu Oya, அருவி ஆறு Aruvi Aru) is a long river in Sri Lanka, connecting the city of Anuradhapura, which was the capital of the country for over 15 centuries, to the coast of Mannar.
Matale (Sinhala: මාතලේ, Tamil:மாத்தளை) often written as Mathale (pronounced Maathalé), is a large town in Matale District of the Central Province, of Sri Lanka.
In many countries, a mayor (from the Latin maior, meaning "bigger") is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.
The Mirisaweti Stupa (මිරිසවැටිය, Mirisavæṭiya) is situated in the ancient city of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.
A municipal council is the local government of a municipality such as city councils and town councils.
Naka Vihara (Sinhalaː නඛා වෙහෙර) is a dagoba belonging to the late Anuradhapura period between 7-10 centuries C.E. and located in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.
North Central Province (උතුරු මැද පළාත Uturumeda Palata, வட மத்திய மாகாணம் Wada Maththiya Maakaanam) is a province of Sri Lanka.
The northern line is a railway line in Sri Lanka.
Pandukabhaya (474 BC – 367 BC) was King of Upatissa Nuwara and the first monarch of the Anuradhapura Kingdom and 6th over all of the island of Sri Lanka since the arrival of the Vijaya, he reigned from 437 BC to 367 BC.
In Sri Lanka, provinces (translit; translit) are the first level administrative division.
Puttalam (Sinhalese: පුත්තලම; Tamil: புத்தளம்) is a large town in Puttalam District, North Western Province, Sri Lanka.
Rajarata (Sinhala: රජරට) (Tamil: ரஜரட) was one of three historical regions of the island of Sri Lanka for about 1,700 years from the 6th century BCE to the early 13th century CE.
Ranmasu Uyana is a park in Sri Lanka containing the ancient Magul Uyana (Royal Gardens).
Rathna Prasadaya was a skyscraper built by King Kanittha Tissa who ruled Ceylon from 167 to 186 AD.
Robert Knox (8 February 1641 – 19 June 1720) was an English sea captain in the service of the British East India Company.
The Ruwanwelisaya is a stupa, a hemispherical structure containing relics, in Sri Lanka, considered sacred to many Buddhists all over the world.
The Samadhi Statue is a statue situated at Mahamevnāwa Park in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.
Sela Cetiya is one of the 16 main places of worship or Solosmasthana and is situated to the west of Jetavanaramaya in the ancient sacred city of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.
The Sinhalese (Sinhala: සිංහල ජාතිය Sinhala Jathiya, also known as Hela) are an Indo-Aryan-speaking ethnic group native to the island of Sri Lanka.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
Sri Lankan Malays (also known in Sinhalese language as Ja Minissu meaning Javanese - a catch-all term historically used for all natives of the Malay Archipelago - are a group consisting of about 40,000 people who make up 0.20% of the Sri Lankan population. Their ancestors initially came to the country when both Sri Lanka and Indonesia were colonies of the Dutch, while a second wave (1796–1948) came from the Malay Peninsula, when both Malaya and Sri Lanka were in the British Empire. Significant Malay presence in Sri Lanka dated as early as 13th century, when Chandrabhanu Sridhamaraja, a Malay of Tambralinga managed to occupy northern part of the island in 1247, nonetheless the followers of Chandrabhanu would mostly assimilate to the local population. Many of the ancestors of present-day Sri Lankan Malays coming from soldiers posted by the Dutch which later continued by the British for colonial administration to Sri Lanka, who decided to settle on the island. Other immigrants were convicts or members of noble houses from Dutch East Indies (present day Indonesia) who were exiled to Sri Lanka and who never left. The main source of a continuing Malay identity is their common Malay language, the Islamic faith and their ancestral origin from the Malay Archipelago. Many Sri Lankan Malays have been celebrated as courageous soldiers, politicians, sportsmen, lawyers, accountants and doctors.
Sri Lankan Moors (translit; translit formerly Ceylon Moors; colloquially referred to as Muslims or Moors) are an ethnic minority group in Sri Lanka, comprising 9.3% of the country's total population.
Sri Lankan Tamils (also) or Ceylon Tamils, also known as Eelam Tamils in Tamil, are members of the Tamil ethnic group native to the South Asian island state of Sri Lanka.
A stupa (Sanskrit: "heap") is a mound-like or hemispherical structure containing relics (śarīra - typically the remains of Buddhist monks or nuns) that is used as a place of meditation.
Tamil (தமிழ்) is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.
Theravāda (Pali, literally "school of the elder monks") is a branch of Buddhism that uses the Buddha's teaching preserved in the Pāli Canon as its doctrinal core.
Thuparamaya is an ancient Buddhist temple in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.
Tissa Wewa, an artificial reservoir, was built by Devanampiya Tissa (3rd century BC) in order to increase the water supply to his capital city of Anuradhapura.
The Toluvila statue is a seated image of the Buddha discovered in 1900 in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka, that dates back to the 4th or 5th century.
Trincomalee (திருகோணமலை Tirukōṇamalai; ත්රිකුණාමළය Trikuṇāmalaya) also known as Gokanna, is the administrative headquarters of the Trincomalee District and major resort port city of Eastern Province, Sri Lanka.
Vasabha (Sinhala: වසභ) was a monarch of the Anuradhapura period of Sri Lanka.
Vavuniya (translit) is a large town in the Northern Province, Sri Lanka, governed by an Urban Council.
Vessagiri, or Issarasamanarama, is an ancient Buddhist forest monastery that is part of the ruins of Anuradhapura, one of the ancient capitals of Sri Lanka.
Wilhelm Ludwig Geiger (21 July 1856 – 2 September 1943) was a German Orientalist in the fields of Indo-Iranian languages and the history of Iran and Sri Lanka.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
Eight sites of Sri Lanka have been inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage, namely, the ancient city of Polonnaruwa (1982), the ancient city of Sigiriya (1982), the Golden Temple of Dambulla (1991), the old town of Galle and its fortifications (1988), the sacred city of Anuradhapura (1982), the sacred city of Kandy (1988), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (1988) and the Central Highlands of Sri Lanka (2010).
Yal Devi (யாழ் தேவி; යාල් දේවී) is a major express train in Sri Lanka.