192 relations: A-004, Activated carbon, Aerojet, Aerozine 50, AJ10, Alameda, California, Altitude, Aluminosilicate, Apollo (spacecraft), Apollo 1, Apollo 10, Apollo 11, Apollo 12, Apollo 13, Apollo 14, Apollo 15, Apollo 16, Apollo 17, Apollo 4, Apollo 6, Apollo 7, Apollo 8, Apollo 9, Apollo Guidance Computer, Apollo Lunar Module, Apollo program, Apollo–Soyuz Test Project, AS-201, AS-202, Ashland, Nebraska, Atlanta, Atmospheric entry, ATS-6, Bay St. Louis, Mississippi, Beacon, California, California Science Center, Camera, Canada Science and Technology Museum, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 34, Carbon dioxide, Center of mass, Chicago, Circuit breaker, Cleveland, Coolant, Cosmosphere, Cradle of Aviation Museum, Dallas, Dayton, Ohio, ..., Delta-v, Dinitrogen tetroxide, Direct ascent, Directional antenna, Docking and berthing of spacecraft, Drogue parachute, Ed White (astronaut), Eglin Air Force Base, Electric battery, Ethylene glycol, Eyepiece, Fernbank Science Center, Fiberglass, Fire extinguisher, Frontiers of Flight Museum, Frustum, Fuel cell, G-force, Gimbal, Glenn Research Center, Great Lakes Science Center, Grumman, Guillotine, Gus Grissom, Hampton, Virginia, Heat exchanger, Helium, High-intensity discharge lamp, Houston, Huntsville, Alabama, Inertial measurement unit, Jack (device), John C. Stennis Space Center, Johnson Space Center, Jump seat, Kennedy Space Center, Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex, Langley Research Center, Launch vehicle, Lift-to-drag ratio, Liquid hydrogen, Liquid oxygen, Lithium hydroxide, London, Long Island, Los Angeles, Low Earth orbit, Lunar orbit, Lunar orbit rendezvous, Maxime Faget, Monomethylhydrazine, Moon, Mortar (weapon), Moscow, Mother ship, Museum of Flight, Museum of Science and Industry (Chicago), NASA, National Air and Space Museum, National Museum of the United States Air Force, National Naval Aviation Museum, Naval Air Station Alameda, Naval Air Station Pensacola, Navigation, New York (state), North American Aviation, Offutt Air Force Base, Orbital module, Orion (spacecraft), Ottawa, Outer space, Oxidizing agent, Oxygen, Parachute, Pensacola, Florida, Plug door, Polytetrafluoroethylene, Pressure suit, Project Gemini, Project Mercury, Propellant, Pyrotechnic fastener, R-4D, Ratchet (device), Reaction control system, Reentry capsule, Retrorocket, Rockwell International, Roger B. Chaffee, Rotation, S band, Sailing ballast, San Diego, San Diego Air & Space Museum, Saturn IB, Saturn V, Science Museum, London, Scimitar antenna, Searchlight, Seattle, Sextant, Silver-oxide battery, Skylab, Skylab 2, Skylab 3, Skylab 4, Skylab Rescue, Soviet Union, Soyuz (spacecraft), Space capsule, Space Center Houston, Space exploration, Space rendezvous, Space suit, Spacecraft, Splashdown, Steel, Strake (aeronautics), Strategic Air Command & Aerospace Museum, Sub-orbital spaceflight, Survival kit, Telemetry, Telescope, Texas, Torque, Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System, Translation (geometry), Transposition, docking, and extraction, U.S. Space & Rocket Center, U.S. space exploration history on U.S. stamps, Umbilical cable, Unified S-band, United States, USS Hornet (CV-12), Velocity, Very high frequency, Virginia Air and Space Center, Washington (state), Washington, D.C., Water, Wikimedia Commons, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. Expand index (142 more) » « Shrink index
A-004 was the sixth and final test of the Apollo launch escape vehicle and the first flight of a Block I production-type Apollo Command/Service Module.
Activated carbon, also called activated charcoal, is a form of carbon processed to have small, low-volume pores that increase the surface area available for adsorption or chemical reactions.
Aerojet was an American rocket and missile propulsion manufacturer based primarily in Rancho Cordova, California, with divisions in Redmond, Washington, Orange and Gainesville in Virginia, and Camden, Arkansas.
Aerozine 50 is a 50/50 mix by weight of hydrazine and unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine (UDMH), originally developed in the late 1950s by Aerojet General Corporation as a storable, high-energy, hypergolic fuel for the Titan II ICBM rocket engines.
The AJ10 is a hypergolic rocket engine manufactured by Aerojet Rocketdyne (previously Aerojet).
Alameda (Spanish) is a city in Alameda County, California, United States.
Altitude or height (sometimes known as depth) is defined based on the context in which it is used (aviation, geometry, geographical survey, sport, atmospheric pressure, and many more).
Aluminosilicate minerals are minerals composed of aluminium, silicon, and oxygen, plus countercations.
The Apollo spacecraft was composed of three parts designed to accomplish the American Apollo program's goal of landing astronauts on the Moon by the end of the 1960s and returning them safely to Earth.
Apollo 1, initially designated AS-204, was the first manned mission of the United States Apollo program, the program to land the first men on the Moon.
Apollo 10 was the fourth manned mission in the United States Apollo space program, and the second (after Apollo 8) to orbit the Moon.
Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first two humans on the Moon.
Apollo 12 was the sixth manned flight in the United States Apollo program and the second to land on the Moon.
Apollo 13 was the seventh manned mission in the Apollo space program and the third intended to land on the Moon.
Apollo 14 was the eighth manned mission in the United States Apollo program, and the third to land on the Moon.
Apollo 15 was the ninth manned mission in the United States' Apollo program, the fourth to land on the Moon, and the eighth successful manned mission.
Apollo 16 was the tenth manned mission in the United States Apollo space program, the fifth and penultimate to land on the Moon and the first to land in the lunar highlands.
Apollo 17 was the final mission of NASA's Apollo program.
Apollo 4, (also known as AS-501), was the first unmanned test flight of the Saturn V launch vehicle, which was used by the U.S. Apollo program to send the first astronauts to the Moon.
Apollo 6 (also known as AS-502), launched on April 4, 1968, was the second A type mission of the United States Apollo program, an unmanned test of the Saturn V launch vehicle.
Apollo 7 was an October 1968 human spaceflight mission carried out by the United States.
Apollo 8, the second manned spaceflight mission in the United States Apollo space program, was launched on December 21, 1968, and became the first manned spacecraft to leave Earth orbit, reach the Earth's Moon, orbit it and return safely to Earth.
Apollo 9 was the third manned mission in the United States Apollo space program and the first flight of the Command/Service Module (CSM) with the Lunar Module (LM, pronounced "lem").
The Apollo Guidance Computer (AGC) was a digital computer produced for the Apollo program that was installed on board each Apollo Command Module (CM) and Lunar Module (LM).
The Lunar Module (LM, pronounced "Lem"), originally designated the Lunar Excursion Module (LEM), was the lander portion of the Apollo spacecraft built for the US Apollo program by Grumman Aircraft to carry a crew of two from lunar orbit to the surface and back.
The Apollo program, also known as Project Apollo, was the third United States human spaceflight program carried out by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which accomplished landing the first humans on the Moon from 1969 to 1972.
The Apollo–Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) (Экспериментальный полёт «Аполлон» - «Союз» (ЭПАС), Eksperimentalniy polyot Apollon-Soyuz, lit. "Experimental flight Apollo-Soyuz", commonly referred to by the Soviets as "Soyuz-Apollo"), conducted in July 1975, was the first joint U.S.–Soviet space flight, as a symbol of the policy of détente that the two superpowers were pursuing at the time.
AS-202 (also referred to as SA-202) was the second unmanned, suborbital test flight of a production Block I Apollo Command/Service Module launched with the Saturn IB launch vehicle.
Ashland is a city in Saunders County, Nebraska, United States.
Atlanta is the capital city and most populous municipality of the state of Georgia in the United States.
Atmospheric entry is the movement of an object from outer space into and through the gases of an atmosphere of a planet, dwarf planet or natural satellite.
ATS-6 (Applications Technology Satellite-6) was a NASA experimental satellite, built by Fairchild Space and Electronics Division It has been called the world's first educational satellite as well as world's first experimental Direct Broadcast Satellite as part of the Satellite Instructional Television Experiment between NASA and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
Bay Saint Louis is a city in and the county seat of Hancock County, Mississippi, in the United States.
A beacon is an intentionally conspicuous device designed to attract attention to a specific location.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
The California Science Center (sometimes spelled California ScienCenter) is a state agency and museum located in Exposition Park, Los Angeles, next to the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County and the University of Southern California.
A camera is an optical instrument for recording or capturing images, which may be stored locally, transmitted to another location, or both.
The Canada Science and Technology Museum (Musée des sciences et de la technologie du Canada) is located in Ottawa, Ontario, on St. Laurent Boulevard, to the south of the Queensway (Highway 417).
Cape Canaveral (known as Cape Kennedy from 1963 to 1973) Air Force Station Launch Complex 34 (LC-34) is a launch site on Cape Canaveral, Florida.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
In physics, the center of mass of a distribution of mass in space is the unique point where the weighted relative position of the distributed mass sums to zero, or the point where if a force is applied it moves in the direction of the force without rotating.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
A circuit breaker is an automatically operated electrical switch designed to protect an electrical circuit from damage caused by excess current from an overload or short circuit.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County.
A coolant is a substance, typically liquid or gas, that is used to reduce or regulate the temperature of a system.
Cosmosphere is a space museum and STEM education center in Hutchinson, Kansas, United States.
The Cradle of Aviation Museum is an aerospace museum located in Garden City, New York on Long Island to commemorate Long Island's part in the history of aviation.
Dallas is a city in the U.S. state of Texas.
Dayton is the sixth-largest city in the state of Ohio and the county seat of Montgomery County.
Delta-v (literally "change in velocity"), symbolised as ∆v and pronounced delta-vee, as used in spacecraft flight dynamics, is a measure of the impulse that is needed to perform a maneuver such as launch from, or landing on a planet or moon, or in-space orbital maneuver.
Dinitrogen tetroxide, commonly referred to as nitrogen tetroxide, is the chemical compound N2O4.
Direct ascent is a method of landing a spacecraft on the Moon or another planet directly, without first assembling the vehicle in Earth orbit, or carrying a separate landing vehicle into orbit around the target body.
A directional antenna or beam antenna is an antenna which radiates or receives greater power in specific directions allowing increased performance and reduced interference from unwanted sources.
Docking and berthing of spacecraft is the joining of two space vehicles.
A drogue parachute is a parachute designed to be deployed from a rapidly moving object in order to slow the object, to provide control and stability, or as a pilot parachute to deploy a larger parachute.
Edward Higgins White II (November 14, 1930 – January 27, 1967), (Lt Col, USAF), was an American aeronautical engineer, U.S. Air Force officer, test pilot, and NASA astronaut.
Eglin Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force base located approximately southwest of Valparaiso, Florida in Okaloosa County.
An electric battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells with external connections provided to power electrical devices such as flashlights, smartphones, and electric cars.
Ethylene glycol (IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2OH)2.
An eyepiece, or ocular lens, is a type of lens that is attached to a variety of optical devices such as telescopes and microscopes.
The Fernbank Science Center is a museum, classroom, and woodland complex located in Atlanta.
Fiberglass (US) or fibreglass (UK) is a common type of fiber-reinforced plastic using glass fiber.
A fire extinguisher is an active fire protection device used to extinguish or control small fires, often in emergency situations.
The Frontiers of Flight Museum is an aerospace museum located in Dallas, Texas, founded in November 1988 by William E. Cooper, Kay Bailey Hutchison, and Jan Collmer.
In geometry, a frustum (plural: frusta or frustums) is the portion of a solid (normally a cone or pyramid) that lies between one or two parallel planes cutting it.
A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through an electrochemical reaction of hydrogen fuel with oxygen or another oxidizing agent.
The gravitational force, or more commonly, g-force, is a measurement of the type of acceleration that causes a perception of weight.
A gimbal is a pivoted support that allows the rotation of an object about a single axis.
NASA John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field is a NASA center, located within the cities of Brook Park and Cleveland between Cleveland Hopkins International Airport and the Rocky River Reservation of Cleveland Metroparks, with a subsidiary facility in Sandusky, Ohio.
The Great Lakes Science Center is a museum and educational facility in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, United States.
The Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, later Grumman Aerospace Corporation, was a leading 20th century U.S. producer of military and civilian aircraft.
A guillotine is an apparatus designed for efficiently carrying out executions by beheading.
Lieutenant Colonel Virgil Ivan "Gus" Grissom (April 3, 1926 – January 27, 1967) was one of the original NASA Project Mercury astronauts, a United States Air Force test pilot, and a mechanical engineer.
Hampton is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
A heat exchanger is a device used to transfer heat between two or more fluids.
Helium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.
High-intensity discharge lamps (HID lamps) are a type of electrical gas-discharge lamp which produces light by means of an electric arc between tungsten electrodes housed inside a translucent or transparent fused quartz or fused alumina arc tube.
Houston is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas and the fourth most populous city in the United States, with a census-estimated 2017 population of 2.312 million within a land area of.
Huntsville is a city located primarily in Madison County in the Appalachian region of northern Alabama.
An inertial measurement unit (IMU) is an electronic device that measures and reports a body's specific force, angular rate, and sometimes the magnetic field surrounding the body, using a combination of accelerometers and gyroscopes, sometimes also magnetometers.
A jack, screwjack or jackscrew is a mechanical device used as a lifting device to lift heavy loads or to apply great forces.
The John C. Stennis Space Center (SSC) is a NASA rocket testing facility.
The Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center (JSC) is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Manned Spacecraft Center, where human spaceflight training, research, and flight control are conducted.
In aviation, a jump seat or jumpseat is an auxiliary seat for individuals—other than normal passengers—who are not operating the aircraft.
The John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is one of ten National Aeronautics and Space Administration field centers.
The Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex is the visitor center at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
Langley Research Center (LaRC or NASA Langley) located in Hampton, Virginia, United States, is the oldest of NASA's field centers.
A launch vehicle or carrier rocket is a rocket used to carry a payload from Earth's surface through outer space, either to another surface point (suborbital), or into space (Earth orbit or beyond).
In aerodynamics, the lift-to-drag ratio, or L/D ratio, is the amount of lift generated by a wing or vehicle, divided by the aerodynamic drag it creates by moving through the air.
Liquid hydrogen (LH2 or LH2) is the liquid state of the element hydrogen.
Liquid oxygen—abbreviated LOx, LOX or Lox in the aerospace, submarine and gas industries—is one of the physical forms of elemental oxygen.
Lithium hydroxide is an inorganic compound with the formula LiOH.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Long Island is a densely populated island off the East Coast of the United States, beginning at New York Harbor just 0.35 miles (0.56 km) from Manhattan Island and extending eastward into the Atlantic Ocean.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
A low Earth orbit (LEO) is an orbit around Earth with an altitude of or less, and with an orbital period of between about 84 and 127 minutes.
In astronomy, lunar orbit (also known as a selenocentric orbit) is the orbit of an object around the Moon.
Lunar orbit rendezvous (LOR) is a key concept for efficiently landing humans on the Moon and returning them to Earth.
Maxime Allen "Max" Faget (pronounced fah-ZHAY; August 26, 1921 – October 10, 2004) was a Belizean-born American mechanical engineer.
Monomethylhydrazine (MMH) is a volatile hydrazine chemical with the chemical formula CH3(NH)NH2.
The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.
A mortar is usually a simple, lightweight, man portable, muzzle-loaded weapon, consisting of a smooth-bore metal tube fixed to a base plate (to absorb recoil) with a lightweight bipod mount.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
A mother ship, mothership or mother-ship is a large vehicle that leads, serves, or carries other smaller vehicles.
The Museum of Flight is a private non-profit air and space museum in the northwest United States.
The Museum of Science and Industry (MSI) is located in Chicago, Illinois, in Jackson Park, in the Hyde Park neighborhood between Lake Michigan and The University of Chicago.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The National Air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, also called the NASM, is a museum in Washington, D.C..
The National Museum of the United States Air Force (formerly the United States Air Force Museum) is the official museum of the United States Air Force located at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, northeast of Dayton, Ohio.
The National Naval Aviation Museum, formerly known as the National Museum of Naval Aviation and the Naval Aviation Museum, is a military and aerospace museum located at Naval Air Station Pensacola, Florida.
Naval Air Station Alameda (NAS Alameda) was a United States Navy Naval Air Station in Alameda, California, on San Francisco Bay.
Naval Air Station Pensacola or NAS Pensacola (formerly NAS/KNAS until changed circa 1970 to allow Nassau International Airport, now Lynden Pindling International Airport, to have IATA code NAS), "The Cradle of Naval Aviation", is a United States Navy base located next to Warrington, Florida, a community southwest of the Pensacola city limits.
Navigation is a field of study that focuses on the process of monitoring and controlling the movement of a craft or vehicle from one place to another.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
North American Aviation (NAA) was a major American aerospace manufacturer, responsible for a number of historic aircraft, including the T-6 Texan trainer, the P-51 Mustang fighter, the B-25 Mitchell bomber, the F-86 Sabre jet fighter, the X-15 rocket plane, and the XB-70, as well as Apollo Command and Service Module, the second stage of the Saturn V rocket, the Space Shuttle orbiter and the B-1 Lancer.
Offutt Air Force Base is a U.S. Air Force installation near Omaha, and lies adjacent to Bellevue in Sarpy County, Nebraska.
The orbital module is a portion of spacecraft used only in orbit.
The Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (Orion MPCV) is an American interplanetary spacecraft intended to carry a crew of four astronauts to destinations at or beyond low Earth orbit (LEO).
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.
Outer space, or just space, is the expanse that exists beyond the Earth and between celestial bodies.
In chemistry, an oxidizing agent (oxidant, oxidizer) is a substance that has the ability to oxidize other substances — in other words to cause them to lose electrons.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
A parachute is a device used to slow the motion of an object through an atmosphere by creating drag (or in the case of ram-air parachutes, aerodynamic lift).
Pensacola is the westernmost city in the Florida Panhandle, approximately from the border with Alabama, and the county seat of Escambia County, in the U.S. state of Florida.
A plug door is a door designed to seal itself by taking advantage of pressure difference on its two sides and is typically used on aircraft with cabin pressurization.
Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is a synthetic fluoropolymer of tetrafluoroethylene that has numerous applications.
A pressure suit is a protective suit worn by high-altitude pilots who may fly at altitudes where the air pressure is too low for an unprotected person to survive, even breathing pure oxygen at positive pressure.
Project Gemini was NASA's second human spaceflight program.
Project Mercury was the first human spaceflight program of the United States, running from 1958 through 1963.
A propellant or propellent is a chemical substance used in the production of energy or pressurized gas that is subsequently used to create movement of a fluid or to generate propulsion of a vehicle, projectile, or other object.
A pyrotechnic fastener (also called an explosive bolt, or pyro, within context) is a fastener, usually a nut or bolt, that incorporates a pyrotechnic charge that can be initiated remotely.
The R-4D is a small hypergolic rocket engine, originally designed by Marquardt Corporation for use as a reaction control thruster on vehicles of the Apollo moon program.
A ratchet is a mechanical device that allows continuous linear or rotary motion in only one direction while preventing motion in the opposite direction.
A reaction control system (RCS) is a spacecraft system that uses thrusters to provide attitude control, and sometimes translation.
A reentry capsule is the portion of a spacecraft which returns to Earth following a space flight.
A retrorocket (short for retrograde rocket) is a rocket engine providing thrust opposing the motion of a vehicle, thereby causing it to decelerate.
Rockwell International was a major American manufacturing conglomerate in the latter half of the 20th century, involved in aircraft, the space industry, both defense-oriented and commercial electronics, automotive and truck components, printing presses, valves and meters, and industrial automation.
Roger Bruce Chaffee (February 15, 1935 – January 27, 1967) was an American naval officer and naval aviator, aeronautical engineer, and NASA astronaut in the Apollo program.
A rotation is a circular movement of an object around a center (or point) of rotation.
The S band is a designation by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) for a part of the microwave band of the electromagnetic spectrum covering frequencies from 2 to 4 gigahertz (GHz).
Ballast is used in sailboats to provide moment to resist the lateral forces on the sail.
San Diego (Spanish for 'Saint Didacus') is a major city in California, United States.
San Diego Air & Space Museum (SDASM, formerly the San Diego Aerospace Museum) is an aviation and space exploration museum in San Diego, California, United States.
The Saturn IB (pronounced "one B", also known as the Uprated Saturn I) was an American launch vehicle commissioned by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) for the Apollo program.
The Saturn V (pronounced "Saturn five") was an American human-rated expendable rocket used by NASA between 1967 and 1973.
The Science Museum is a major museum on Exhibition Road in South Kensington, London.
A scimitar antenna is a radio antenna so named because its shape resembles a talon-shaped curved sword of the same name.
A searchlight (or spotlight) is an apparatus that combines an extremely luminous source (traditionally a carbon arc lamp) with a mirrored parabolic reflector to project a powerful beam of light of approximately parallel rays in a particular direction, usually constructed so that it can be swiveled about.
Seattle is a seaport city on the west coast of the United States.
A sextant is a doubly reflecting navigation instrument that measures the angular distance between two visible objects.
A silver-oxide battery (IEC code: S) is a primary cell with a very high energy-to-weight ratio.
Skylab was the United States' space station that orbited the Earth from 1973 to 1979, when it fell back to Earth amid huge worldwide media attention.
Skylab 2 (also SL-2 and SLM-1) was the first manned mission to Skylab, the first U.S. orbital space station.
Skylab 3 (also SL-3 and SLM-2) was the second manned mission to the first American space station, Skylab.
Skylab 4 (also SL-4 and SLM-3) was the third manned Skylab mission and placed the third and final crew aboard the first American space station.
The Skylab Rescue Mission (also SL-R)" " NASA, 24 August 1973.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Soyuz is a series of spacecraft designed for the Soviet space program by the Korolev Design Bureau (now RKK Energia) in the 1960s that remains in service today.
A space capsule is an often manned spacecraft which has a simple shape for the main section, without any wings or other features to create lift during atmospheric reentry.
Space Center Houston is a leading science and space learning center, the official visitor center of NASA Johnson Space Center in Houston and a Smithsonian Affiliate museum.
Space exploration is the discovery and exploration of celestial structures in outer space by means of evolving and growing space technology.
A space rendezvous is an orbital maneuver during which two spacecraft, one of which is often a space station, arrive at the same orbit and approach to a very close distance (e.g. within visual contact).
A space suit is a garment worn to keep a human alive in the harsh environment of outer space, vacuum and temperature extremes.
A spacecraft is a vehicle or machine designed to fly in outer space.
Splashdown is the method of landing a spacecraft by parachute in a body of water.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
In aviation, a strake is an aerodynamic surface generally mounted on the fuselage of an aircraft to improve the flight characteristics either by controlling the airflow (acting as large vortex generators) or by simple stabilising effect.
The Strategic Air Command & Aerospace Museum is a museum focusing on aircraft and nuclear missiles of the United States Air Force.
A sub-orbital spaceflight is a spaceflight in which the spacecraft reaches space, but its trajectory intersects the atmosphere or surface of the gravitating body from which it was launched, so that it will not complete one orbital revolution.
A survival kit is a package of basic tools and supplies prepared in advance as an aid to survival in an emergency.
Telemetry is an automated communications process by which measurements and other data are collected at remote or inaccessible points and transmitted to receiving equipment for monitoring.
A telescope is an optical instrument that aids in the observation of remote objects by collecting electromagnetic radiation (such as visible light).
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
Torque, moment, or moment of force is rotational force.
The Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS) is a network of American communications satellites (each called a Tracking and data relay satellite (TDRS)) and ground stations used by NASA for space communications.
In Euclidean geometry, a translation is a geometric transformation that moves every point of a figure or a space by the same distance in a given direction.
Transposition, docking, and extraction (often abbreviated to transposition and docking) was a maneuver performed during manned Apollo program missions from 1969 to 1972, and the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) mission in 1975.
The U.S. Space & Rocket Center in Huntsville, Alabama is a museum operated by the government of Alabama, showcasing rockets, achievements, and artifacts of the U.S. space program.
With the advent of unmanned and manned space flight a new era of American history had presented itself.
An umbilical cable or umbilical is a cable and/or hose that supplies required consumables to an apparatus, diver or astronaut.
The Unified S-band (USB) system was a tracking and communication system developed for the Apollo program by NASA and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
USS Hornet (CV/CVA/CVS-12) is a United States Navy aircraft carrier of the ''Essex'' class.
The velocity of an object is the rate of change of its position with respect to a frame of reference, and is a function of time.
Very high frequency (VHF) is the ITU designation for the range of radio frequency electromagnetic waves (radio waves) from 30 to 300 megahertz (MHz), with corresponding wavelengths of ten to one meter.
The Virginia Air and Space Center is a museum and educational facility in Hampton, Virginia that also serves as the visitors center for NASA's Langley Research Center and Langley Air Force Base.
Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Wikimedia Commons (or simply Commons) is an online repository of free-use images, sounds, and other media files.
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base (WPAFB) is a United States Air Force base and census-designated place just east of Dayton, Ohio, in Greene and Montgomery counties.
Apollo CSM, Apollo Command / Service Module, Apollo Command Module, Apollo Command-Service Module, Apollo Service Module, Apollo command/service module, Apollo service module, Command Module, Command Service Module, Command and Service Module, Command/Service Module, Scientific Instrument Module, Service Propulsion System.