Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 
New! Discover your interests! » Create account

Apoptosis (from Ancient Greek ἀπό apo, "by, from, of, since, than" and πτῶσις ptōsis, "fall") is the process of programmed cell death that may occur in multicellular organisms. [1]

155 relations: Adenosine triphosphate, Adenoviridae, Agar, Ancient Greek, Andrew Wyllie, Anoikis, APAF1, Apo2.7, Apoptosis-inducing factor, Apoptosome, Apoptotic DNA fragmentation, Arbovirus, Atromentin, Atrophy, Autoimmune disease, Autolysis (biology), Autophagy, Bcl-2, Bcl-2 family, Bcl-2 homologous antagonist killer, Bcl-2-associated death promoter, Bcl-2-associated X protein, Bcl-xL, BH3 interacting-domain death agonist, Biochemistry, Bleb (cell biology), British Journal of Cancer, Bunyaviridae, Caenorhabditis elegans, Calcium, Calpain, Cancer, Canine distemper, Caspase, Caspase-9, CD4, CED9 (gene), Cell culture, Cell cycle, Cell wall, Chromosome, Cisplatin, Consonant cluster, Culicoides paraensis, Cysteine protease, Cytochrome c, Cytokine, Cytosol, Cytotoxicity, Death-inducing signaling complex, ..., DNA, DNA laddering, DU145, Efferocytosis, Electrophoresis, Embryo, Endonuclease, Entosis, Epstein–Barr virus, Etoposide, FADD, Fas ligand, Fas receptor, Flow cytometry, Fly, Galen, Garland Science, Gel electrophoresis, Gene expression, Gene knockout, Glucocorticoid, H. Robert Horvitz, HeLa, Helicopter, Hepatitis B virus, Hippocrates, HIV, HIV/AIDS, Hypoxia (medical), Immune system, Immunology, Inflammation, Inhibitor of apoptosis, Interferon, Intrinsic apoptosis, Ischemia, John Sulston, Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, Karl Vogt, Karyorrhexis, Lepidoptera, Leukemia, Ligand, Lymphoma, Macrophage, Membrane potential, Messenger RNA, Mitochondrial apoptosis-induced channel, Mitochondrion, Molecular Biology of the Cell (textbook), Morphology (biology), Multicellular organism, Nature Cell Biology, Necrobiosis, Necrosis, Necrotaxis, Nitric oxide, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Nuclear membrane, Oncolytic virus, Oropouche virus, P53, Paraptosis, Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize, Phagocyte, Phagocytosis, Phosphatidylserine, Phospholipid scramblase, PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, Poly ADP ribose polymerase, Precipitation (chemistry), Programmed cell death, Protein dimer, Protein kinase R, Proteolysis, Pseudo amino acid composition, Pseudoapoptosis, Pterodactylus, Ptolemy, Pyknosis, Quantitative phase-contrast microscopy, Science Signaling, Signal transducing adaptor protein, Sydney Brenner, T helper cell, The Proteolysis Map, Time-lapse microscopy, TRADD, Transcription factor, Transmembrane protein, Transmission electron microscopy, Tumor necrosis factor alpha, Tumor necrosis factor receptor 1, Tumor necrosis factor receptor 2, Tumor necrosis factors, U937 cell, University of Aberdeen, Vacuole, Vesicle (biology and chemistry), Virus, Walther Flemming, Western blot, XIAP, Zoonosis, 1,000,000,000. Expand index (105 more) »

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a nucleoside triphosphate used in cells as a coenzyme often called the "molecular unit of currency" of intracellular energy transfer.

New!!: Apoptosis and Adenosine triphosphate · See more »

Adenoviruses (members of the family Adenoviridae) are medium-sized (90–100 nm), nonenveloped (without an outer lipid bilayer) viruses with an icosahedral nucleocapsid containing a double stranded DNA genome.

New!!: Apoptosis and Adenoviridae · See more »

Agar (pronounced,, "") or agar-agar ("") is a jelly-like substance, obtained from algae.

New!!: Apoptosis and Agar · See more »

Ancient Greek includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

New!!: Apoptosis and Ancient Greek · See more »

Andrew H. Wyllie FMedSci is a Scottish pathologist.

New!!: Apoptosis and Andrew Wyllie · See more »

Anoikis is a form of programmed cell death that is induced by anchorage-dependent cells detaching from the surrounding extracellular matrix (ECM).

New!!: Apoptosis and Anoikis · See more »

Apoptotic protease activating factor 1, also known as APAF1, is a human homolog of C. elegans CED-4 gene.

New!!: Apoptosis and APAF1 · See more »

Apo2.7 is a protein confined to the mitochondrial membrane.

New!!: Apoptosis and Apo2.7 · See more »

Apoptosis inducing factor is a flavoprotein.

New!!: Apoptosis and Apoptosis-inducing factor · See more »

The apoptosome is a large quaternary protein structure formed in the process of apoptosis.

New!!: Apoptosis and Apoptosome · See more »

Apoptotic DNA fragmentation is a key feature of apoptosis, a type of programmed cell death.

New!!: Apoptosis and Apoptotic DNA fragmentation · See more »

Arbovirus is a term used to refer to a group of viruses that are transmitted by arthropod vectors.

New!!: Apoptosis and Arbovirus · See more »

Atromentin is a natural chemical compound found in Agaricomycetes fungi in the orders Agaricales and Thelephorales.

New!!: Apoptosis and Atromentin · See more »

Atrophy is the partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body.

New!!: Apoptosis and Atrophy · See more »

Autoimmune diseases arise from an abnormal immune response of the body against substances and tissues normally present in the body (autoimmunity).

New!!: Apoptosis and Autoimmune disease · See more »

In biology, autolysis, more commonly known as self-digestion, refers to the destruction of a cell through the action of its own enzymes.

New!!: Apoptosis and Autolysis (biology) · See more »

Autophagy (or autophagocytosis) (from the Greek auto-, "self" and phagein, "to eat"), is the natural, destructive mechanism that disassembles, through a regulated process, unnecessary or dysfunctional cellular components.

New!!: Apoptosis and Autophagy · See more »

Bcl-2 (B-cell lymphoma 2), encoded in humans by the BCL2 gene, is the founding member of the Bcl-2 family of regulator proteins that regulate cell death (apoptosis), by either inducing (pro-apoptotic) or inhibiting (anti-apoptotic) apoptosis.

New!!: Apoptosis and Bcl-2 · See more »

Apoptosis regulator Bcl-2 is a family of evolutionarily related proteins.

New!!: Apoptosis and Bcl-2 family · See more »

Bcl-2 homologous antagonist/killer is a protein that in humans is encoded by the BAK1 gene on chromosome 6.

New!!: Apoptosis and Bcl-2 homologous antagonist killer · See more »

The Bcl-2-associated death promoter (BAD) protein is a pro-apoptotic member of the Bcl-2 gene family which is involved in initiating apoptosis.

New!!: Apoptosis and Bcl-2-associated death promoter · See more »

Apoptosis regulator BAX, also known as bcl-2-like protein 4, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the BAX gene.

New!!: Apoptosis and Bcl-2-associated X protein · See more »

B-cell lymphoma-extra large (Bcl-xl, or BCL2-like 1 isoform 1) is a transmembrane molecule in the mitochondria.

New!!: Apoptosis and Bcl-xL · See more »

The BH3 interacting-domain death agonist, or BID, gene is a pro-apoptotic member of the Bcl-2 protein family.

New!!: Apoptosis and BH3 interacting-domain death agonist · See more »

Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.

New!!: Apoptosis and Biochemistry · See more »

In cell biology, a bleb is a protrusion, or bulge, of the plasma membrane of a cell, caused by localized decoupling of the cytoskeleton from the plasma membrane.

New!!: Apoptosis and Bleb (cell biology) · See more »

The British Journal of Cancer a twice-monthly professional medical journal of Cancer Research UK (a registered charity in the United Kingdom), published on their behalf by the Nature Publishing Group (a division of Macmillan Publishers Ltd).

New!!: Apoptosis and British Journal of Cancer · See more »

Bunyaviridae is a family of negative-stranded, enveloped RNA viruses.

New!!: Apoptosis and Bunyaviridae · See more »

Caenorhabditis elegans is a free-living (not parasitic), transparent nematode (roundworm), about 1 mm in length, that lives in temperate soil environments.

New!!: Apoptosis and Caenorhabditis elegans · See more »

Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.

New!!: Apoptosis and Calcium · See more »

A calpain is a protein belonging to the family of calcium-dependent, non-lysosomal cysteine proteases (proteolytic enzymes) expressed ubiquitously in mammals and many other organisms.

New!!: Apoptosis and Calpain · See more »

Cancer, also known as a malignant tumor or malignant neoplasm, is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

New!!: Apoptosis and Cancer · See more »

Canine distemper (sometimes termed hardpad disease in canine) is a viral disease that affects a wide variety of animal families, including domestic and wild species of dogs, coyotes, foxes, pandas, wolves, ferrets, skunks, raccoons, and large cats, as well as pinnipeds, some primates, and a variety of other species.

New!!: Apoptosis and Canine distemper · See more »

Caspases (cysteine-aspartic proteases or cysteine-dependent aspartate-directed proteases) are a family of cysteine proteases that play essential roles in apoptosis (programmed cell death), necrosis, and inflammation.

New!!: Apoptosis and Caspase · See more »

Caspase-9 is an initiator caspase, encoded by the CASP9 gene.

New!!: Apoptosis and Caspase-9 · See more »

In molecular biology, CD4 (cluster of differentiation 4) is a glycoprotein found on the surface of immune cells such as T helper cells, monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells.

New!!: Apoptosis and CD4 · See more »

Ced9 is the gene in the C. elegans genome that codes for a protein that inhibits/represses apoptosis.

New!!: Apoptosis and CED9 (gene) · See more »

Cell culture is the process by which cells are grown under controlled conditions, generally outside of their natural environment.

New!!: Apoptosis and Cell culture · See more »

The cell cycle or cell-division cycle is the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its division and duplication (replication) that produces two daughter cells.

New!!: Apoptosis and Cell cycle · See more »

The cell wall is a tough, flexible and sometimes rigid layer that surrounds some types of cells.

New!!: Apoptosis and Cell wall · See more »

A chromosome (''chromo-'' + ''-some'') is a packaged and organized structure containing most of the DNA of a living organism.

New!!: Apoptosis and Chromosome · See more »

Cisplatin, cisplatinum, platamin, neoplatin, cismaplat or cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (CDDP) is a chemotherapy drug.

New!!: Apoptosis and Cisplatin · See more »

In linguistics, a consonant cluster or consonant sequence is a group of consonants which have no intervening vowel.

New!!: Apoptosis and Consonant cluster · See more »

Culicoides paraensis is a species of midge found from the northern United States to Argentina, which acts as the vector of the Oropouche fever virus.

New!!: Apoptosis and Culicoides paraensis · See more »

Cysteine proteases, also known as thiol proteases, are enzymes that degrade proteins.

New!!: Apoptosis and Cysteine protease · See more »

The cytochrome complex, or cyt c is a small hemeprotein found loosely associated with the inner membrane of the mitochondrion.

New!!: Apoptosis and Cytochrome c · See more »

Cytokines (Greek:Cyto from Greek "κύτταρο" kyttaro "cell" + Kines from Greek "κίνηση" kinisi "movement") are a broad and loose category of small proteins (~5–20 kDa) that are important in cell signaling.

New!!: Apoptosis and Cytokine · See more »

The cytosol or intracellular fluid (ICF) or cytoplasmic matrix is the liquid found inside cells.

New!!: Apoptosis and Cytosol · See more »

Cytotoxicity is the quality of being toxic to cells.

New!!: Apoptosis and Cytotoxicity · See more »

The death-inducing signaling complex or DISC is a multi-protein complex formed by members of the "death receptor" family of apoptosis-inducing cellular receptors.

New!!: Apoptosis and Death-inducing signaling complex · See more »

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a molecule that carries most of the genetic instructions used in the development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

New!!: Apoptosis and DNA · See more »

DNA laddering is a feature that can be observed when DNA fragments, resulting from apoptotic DNA fragmentation, are visualised after separation by gel electrophoresis.

New!!: Apoptosis and DNA laddering · See more »

DU145 (DU-145) and PC3 human prostate cancer cell lines are the "classical" cell lines of prostatic cancer.

New!!: Apoptosis and DU145 · See more »

In cell biology, efferocytosis (from efferre, Latin for 'to take to the grave', 'to bury') is the process by which dying/dead cells (e.g. apoptotic or necrotic) are removed by phagocytic cells.

New!!: Apoptosis and Efferocytosis · See more »

Electrophoresis is the motion of dispersed particles relative to a fluid under the influence of a spatially uniform electric field.

New!!: Apoptosis and Electrophoresis · See more »

An embryo is a multicellular diploid eukaryote in its earliest stage of development, from the time of fertilization through sexual reproduction until birth, hatching, or germination.

New!!: Apoptosis and Embryo · See more »

Endonucleases are enzymes that cleave the phosphodiester bond within a polynucleotide chain.

New!!: Apoptosis and Endonuclease · See more »

Entosis (from Greek ἐντός entos, "within" and -ωσις -osis, "disease") is the invasion of a living cell into another cell's cytoplasm.

New!!: Apoptosis and Entosis · See more »

The Epstein–Barr virus (EBV), also called human herpesvirus 4 (HHV-4), is one of eight viruses in the herpes family, and is one of the most common viruses in humans.

New!!: Apoptosis and Epstein–Barr virus · See more »

Etoposide, etoposide phosphate or VP-16 (current brand name: Etopophos, according to FDA Orange Book) is a cytotoxic anticancer drug which belongs to the topoisomerase inhibitor drug class.

New!!: Apoptosis and Etoposide · See more »

Fas-Associated protein with Death Domain (FADD), also called MORT1, is encoded by the FADD gene on the 11q13.3 region of chromosome 11 in humans.

New!!: Apoptosis and FADD · See more »

Fas ligand (FasL or CD95L) is a type-II transmembrane protein that belongs to the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family.

New!!: Apoptosis and Fas ligand · See more »

The FAS receptor (FasR), also known as apoptosis antigen 1 (APO-1 or APT), cluster of differentiation 95 (CD95) or tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 6 (TNFRSF6) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TNFRSF6 gene.

New!!: Apoptosis and Fas receptor · See more »

In biotechnology, flow cytometry is a laser-based, biophysical technology employed in cell counting, cell sorting, biomarker detection and protein engineering, by suspending cells in a stream of fluid and passing them by an electronic detection apparatus.

New!!: Apoptosis and Flow cytometry · See more »

True flies are insects of the order Diptera (from the Greek di.

New!!: Apoptosis and Fly · See more »

Aelius Galenus or Claudius Galenus (Κλαύδιος Γαληνός; AD 129 – /), better known as Galen of Pergamon, was a prominent Greek physician, surgeon and philosopher in the Roman empire.

New!!: Apoptosis and Galen · See more »

Garland Science is a publishing group that specializes in developing textbooks in a wide range of life sciences subjects, including cell and molecular biology, immunology, protein chemistry, genetics, and bioinformatics.

New!!: Apoptosis and Garland Science · See more »

Gel electrophoresis is a method for separation and analysis of macromolecules (DNA, RNA and proteins) and their fragments, based on their size and charge.

New!!: Apoptosis and Gel electrophoresis · See more »

Gene expression is the process by which information from a gene is used in the synthesis of a functional gene product.

New!!: Apoptosis and Gene expression · See more »

A gene knockout (abbreviation: KO) is a genetic technique in which one of an organism's genes is made inoperative ("knocked out" of the organism).

New!!: Apoptosis and Gene knockout · See more »

Glucocorticoids (GCs) are a class of steroid hormones which bind to the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), that is present in almost every vertebrate animal cell.

New!!: Apoptosis and Glucocorticoid · See more »

Howard Robert Horvitz (born May 8, 1947) is an American biologist best known for his research on the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans.

New!!: Apoptosis and H. Robert Horvitz · See more »

A HeLa cell, also Hela or hela cell, is a cell type in an immortal cell line used in scientific research.

New!!: Apoptosis and HeLa · See more »

A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.

New!!: Apoptosis and Helicopter · See more »

Hepatitis B virus, abbreviated HBV, is a species of the genus Orthohepadnavirus, which is likewise a part of the Hepadnaviridae family of viruses.

New!!: Apoptosis and Hepatitis B virus · See more »

Hippocrates of Kos (Ἱπποκράτης; Hippokrátēs; 460 – 370 BC) was a Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Greece), and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine.

New!!: Apoptosis and Hippocrates · See more »

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

New!!: Apoptosis and HIV · See more »

Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

New!!: Apoptosis and HIV/AIDS · See more »

Hypoxia (also known as hypoxiation or anoxemia) is a condition in which the body or a region of the body is deprived of adequate oxygen supply.

New!!: Apoptosis and Hypoxia (medical) · See more »

The immune system is a system of many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.

New!!: Apoptosis and Immune system · See more »

Immunology is a branch of biomedical science that covers the study of all aspects of the immune system in all organisms.

New!!: Apoptosis and Immunology · See more »

Inflammation (Latin, inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants.

New!!: Apoptosis and Inflammation · See more »

The Inhibitors of apoptosis proteins (IAP) are a family of functionally and structurally related proteins that serve as endogenous inhibitors of programmed cell death (apoptosis).

New!!: Apoptosis and Inhibitor of apoptosis · See more »

Interferons (IFNs) are a group of signaling proteins made and released by host cells in response to the presence of several pathogens, such as viruses, bacteria, parasites, and also tumor cells.

New!!: Apoptosis and Interferon · See more »

Apoptosis is a programmed form of cell death involving the degradation of cellular constituents by a group of cysteine proteases called caspases.

New!!: Apoptosis and Intrinsic apoptosis · See more »

Ischemia, also spelled as ischaemia or ischæmia, is a restriction in blood supply to tissues, causing a shortage of oxygen and glucose needed for cellular metabolism (to keep tissue alive).

New!!: Apoptosis and Ischemia · See more »

Sir John Edward Sulston FRS (born 27 March 1942) is a British biologist.

New!!: Apoptosis and John Sulston · See more »

The Journal of Cellular Biochemistry publishes descriptions of original research in which complex cellular, pathogenic, clinical, or animal model systems are studied by biochemical, molecular, genetic, epigenetic, or quantitative ultrastructural approaches.

New!!: Apoptosis and Journal of Cellular Biochemistry · See more »

Carl Christoph Vogt (5 July 1817 in Gießen, Grand Duchy of Hesse – 5 May 1895 in Geneva, Switzerland) was a German scientist who emigrated to Switzerland.

New!!: Apoptosis and Karl Vogt · See more »

Karyorrhexis (from Greek κάρυον karyon, "kernel, seed or nucleus", and ῥῆξις rhexis, "bursting") is the destructive fragmentation of the nucleus of a dying cell whereby its chromatin is distributed irregularly throughout the cytoplasm.

New!!: Apoptosis and Karyorrhexis · See more »

The Lepidoptera is an order of insects that includes moths and butterflies (both called lepidopterans).

New!!: Apoptosis and Lepidoptera · See more »

Leukemia (American English) or leukaemia (British English) is a group of cancers that usually begin in the bone marrow and result in high numbers of abnormal white blood cells.

New!!: Apoptosis and Leukemia · See more »

In coordination chemistry, a ligand is an ion or molecule (functional group) that binds to a central metal atom to form a coordination complex.

New!!: Apoptosis and Ligand · See more »

Lymphoma is any of a group of blood cell tumors that develop from lymphatic cells.

New!!: Apoptosis and Lymphoma · See more »

Macrophages (big eaters, from makros "large" + phagein "eat"; abbr. MΦ) are a type of white blood cell that engulfs and digests cellular debris, foreign substances, microbes, cancer cells, and anything else that does not have the types of proteins specific to the surface of healthy body cells on its surface in a process called phagocytosis.

New!!: Apoptosis and Macrophage · See more »

Membrane potential (also transmembrane potential or membrane voltage) is the difference in electric potential between the interior and the exterior of a biological cell.

New!!: Apoptosis and Membrane potential · See more »

Messenger RNA (mRNA) is a large family of RNA molecules that convey genetic information from DNA to the ribosome, where they specify the amino acid sequence of the protein products of gene expression.

New!!: Apoptosis and Messenger RNA · See more »

The Mitochondrial Apoptosis-Induced Channel (or MAC), is an early marker of the onset of apoptosis.

New!!: Apoptosis and Mitochondrial apoptosis-induced channel · See more »

The mitochondrion (plural mitochondria) is a double membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic cells.

New!!: Apoptosis and Mitochondrion · See more »

Molecular Biology of the Cell is a cellular and molecular biology textbook published by Garland Science and currently authored by Bruce Alberts, Alexander Johnson, Julian Lewis (deceased), David Morgan, Martin Raff, Keith Roberts and Peter Walter.

New!!: Apoptosis and Molecular Biology of the Cell (textbook) · See more »

Morphology is a branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.

New!!: Apoptosis and Morphology (biology) · See more »

Multicellular organisms are organisms that consist of more than one cell, in contrast to unicellular organisms.

New!!: Apoptosis and Multicellular organism · See more »

Nature Cell Biology is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering research in cell biology published by the Nature Publishing Group.

New!!: Apoptosis and Nature Cell Biology · See more »

Necrobiosis is the physiological death of a cell, and can be caused by conditions such as basophilia, erythema, or a tumor.

New!!: Apoptosis and Necrobiosis · See more »

Necrosis (from the Greek νέκρωσις "death, the stage of dying, the act of killing" from νεκρός "dead") is a form of cell injury which results in the premature death of cells in living tissue by autolysis.

New!!: Apoptosis and Necrosis · See more »

Necrotaxis embodies a special type of chemotaxis when the chemoattractant molecules are released from necrotic or apoptotic cells.

New!!: Apoptosis and Necrotaxis · See more »

Nitric oxide (nitrogen oxide, nitrogen monoxide) is a molecular, chemical compound with chemical formula of NO that is a colorless gas under standard conditions.

New!!: Apoptosis and Nitric oxide · See more »

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin) administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.

New!!: Apoptosis and Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine · See more »

A nuclear membrane, also known as the nuclear envelope, nucleolemma or karyotheca, is the double lipid bilayer membrane which surrounds the genetic material and nucleolus in eukaryotic cells.

New!!: Apoptosis and Nuclear membrane · See more »

An oncolytic virus is a virus that preferentially infects and kills cancer cells.

New!!: Apoptosis and Oncolytic virus · See more »

The Oropouche virus (OROV) is one of the most common orthobunyaviruses.

New!!: Apoptosis and Oropouche virus · See more »

Tumor protein p53, also known as p53, cellular tumor antigen p53 (UniProt name), phosphoprotein p53, tumor suppressor p53, antigen NY-CO-13, or transformation-related protein 53 (TRP53), is any isoform of a protein encoded by homologous genes in various organisms, such as TP53 (humans) and Trp53 (mice).

New!!: Apoptosis and P53 · See more »

Paraptosis (from the Greek παρά para, "related to" and apoptosis) is a type of programmed cell death, morphologically distinct from apoptosis and necrosis.

New!!: Apoptosis and Paraptosis · See more »

The Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize is given every year since 1952 for investigations in medicine.

New!!: Apoptosis and Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize · See more »

Phagocytes are cells that protect the body by ingesting (phagocytosing) harmful foreign particles, bacteria, and dead or dying cells.

New!!: Apoptosis and Phagocyte · See more »

In cell biology, phagocytosis is the process by which a cell—often a phagocyte or a protist—engulfs a solid particle to form an internal vesicle known as a phagosome.

New!!: Apoptosis and Phagocytosis · See more »

Phosphatidylserine (abbreviated Ptd-L-Ser or PS) is an important phospholipid membrane component (i.e. component of the cell membrane) which plays a key role in cell cycle signaling, specifically in relationship to apoptosis.

New!!: Apoptosis and Phosphatidylserine · See more »

Scramblase is a protein responsible for the translocation of phospholipids between the two monolayers of a lipid bilayer of a cell membrane.

New!!: Apoptosis and Phospholipid scramblase · See more »

The PI3K/AKT/MTOR pathway is an intracellular signaling pathway important in regulating the cell cycle.

New!!: Apoptosis and PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway · See more »

Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is a family of proteins involved in a number of cellular processes involving mainly DNA repair and programmed cell death.

New!!: Apoptosis and Poly ADP ribose polymerase · See more »

Precipitation is the creation of a solid.

New!!: Apoptosis and Precipitation (chemistry) · See more »

Programmed cell-death (or PCD) is death of a cell in any form, mediated by an intracellular program.

New!!: Apoptosis and Programmed cell death · See more »

In biochemistry, a dimer is a macromolecular complex formed by two, usually non-covalently bound, macromolecules such as proteins or nucleic acids.

New!!: Apoptosis and Protein dimer · See more »

Protein kinase RNA-activated also known as protein kinase R (PKR), interferon-induced, double-stranded RNA-activated protein kinase, or eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2-alpha kinase 2 (EIF2AK2) is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the EIF2AK2 gene.

New!!: Apoptosis and Protein kinase R · See more »

Proteolysis is the breakdown of proteins into smaller polypeptides or amino acids.

New!!: Apoptosis and Proteolysis · See more »

Pseudo amino acid composition, or PseAA composition, or Chou's PseAAC, was originally introduced by Kuo-Chen Chou in 2001 to represent protein samples for improving protein subcellular localization prediction and membrane protein type prediction.

New!!: Apoptosis and Pseudo amino acid composition · See more »

Pseudoapoptosis can be defined from multiple viewpoints, with an underlying premise of the differences in cellular processes and states relating to apoptosis.

New!!: Apoptosis and Pseudoapoptosis · See more »

Pterodactylus (from the Greek πτεροδάκτυλος, pterodaktulos, meaning "winged finger") is a genus of pterosaurs, whose members are popularly known as pterodactyls. It is currently thought to contain only a single species, Pterodactylus antiquus, the first pterosaur species to be named and identified as a flying reptile.

New!!: Apoptosis and Pterodactylus · See more »

Claudius Ptolemy (Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos,; Claudius Ptolemaeus) was a Greco-Egyptian writer of Alexandria, known as a mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.

New!!: Apoptosis and Ptolemy · See more »

Pyknosis, or karyopyknosis, is the irreversible condensation of chromatin in the nucleus of a cell undergoing necrosis or apoptosis.

New!!: Apoptosis and Pyknosis · See more »

Quantitative phase contrast microscopy is the collective name for a group of microscopy methods that quantify the phase shift that occurs when light waves pass through a more optically dense object.

New!!: Apoptosis and Quantitative phase-contrast microscopy · See more »

Science Signaling is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that is published weekly by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

New!!: Apoptosis and Science Signaling · See more »

Signal transducing adaptor proteins are proteins that are accessory to main proteins in a signal transduction pathway.

New!!: Apoptosis and Signal transducing adaptor protein · See more »

Sydney Brenner, CH FRS FMedSci (born 13 January 1927) is a South African biologist and a 2002 Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate, shared with Bob Horvitz and John Sulston.

New!!: Apoptosis and Sydney Brenner · See more »

The T helper cells (Th cells) are a type of T cell that play an important role in the immune system, particularly in the adaptive immune system.

New!!: Apoptosis and T helper cell · See more »

The Proteolysis MAP (PMAP) is an integrated web resource focused on proteases.

New!!: Apoptosis and The Proteolysis Map · See more »

Time-lapse microscopy is time-lapse photography applied to microscopy.

New!!: Apoptosis and Time-lapse microscopy · See more »

Tumor necrosis factor receptor type 1-associated DEATH domain protein is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TRADD gene.

New!!: Apoptosis and TRADD · See more »

In molecular biology and genetics, a transcription factor (sometimes called a sequence-specific DNA-binding factor) is a protein that binds to specific DNA sequences, thereby controlling the rate of transcription of genetic information from DNA to messenger RNA.

New!!: Apoptosis and Transcription factor · See more »

A transmembrane protein (TP) is a type of membrane protein spanning the entirety of the biological membrane to which it is permanently attached.

New!!: Apoptosis and Transmembrane protein · See more »

Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) is a microscopy technique in which a beam of electrons is transmitted through an ultra-thin specimen, interacting with the specimen as it passes through.

New!!: Apoptosis and Transmission electron microscopy · See more »

Tumor necrosis factor (TNF, tumor necrosis factor alpha, TNFα, cachexin, or cachectin) is a cell signaling protein (cytokine) involved in systemic inflammation and is one of the cytokines that make up the acute phase reaction.

New!!: Apoptosis and Tumor necrosis factor alpha · See more »

Tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1), also known as tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 1A (TNFRSF1A) and CD120a, is a ubiquitous membrane receptor that binds tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα).

New!!: Apoptosis and Tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 · See more »

Tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 (TNFR2), also known as tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 1B (TNFRSF1B) and CD120b, is a membrane receptor that binds tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα).

New!!: Apoptosis and Tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 · See more »

Tumor necrosis factors (or the TNF family) refer to a group of cytokines that can cause cell death (apoptosis).

New!!: Apoptosis and Tumor necrosis factors · See more »

U937 cells are a model cell line used in biomedical research.

New!!: Apoptosis and U937 cell · See more »

The University of Aberdeen is a public research university in the city of Aberdeen, Scotland.

New!!: Apoptosis and University of Aberdeen · See more »

A vacuole is a membrane-bound organelle which is present in all plant and fungal cells and some protist, animal and bacterial cells.

New!!: Apoptosis and Vacuole · See more »

In cell biology, a vesicle is a small structure within a cell, consisting of fluid enclosed by a lipid bilayer membrane.

New!!: Apoptosis and Vesicle (biology and chemistry) · See more »

A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.

New!!: Apoptosis and Virus · See more »

Walther Flemming (21 April 1843 – 4 August 1905) was a German biologist and a founder of cytogenetics.

New!!: Apoptosis and Walther Flemming · See more »

The western blot (sometimes called the protein immunoblot) is a widely used analytical technique used to detect specific proteins in a sample of tissue homogenate or extract.

New!!: Apoptosis and Western blot · See more »

X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP), also known as inhibitor of apoptosis protein 3 (IAP3) and baculoviral IAP repeat-containing protein 4 (BIRC), is a protein that stops apoptotic cell death.

New!!: Apoptosis and XIAP · See more »

Zoonoses (plural -, also spelled zoönoses; singular zoonosis (or zoönosis); from Greek: ζῷον zoon "animal" and νόσος nosos "ailment") are infectious diseases of animals (usually vertebrates), that can naturally be transmitted to humans.

New!!: Apoptosis and Zoonosis · See more »

1,000,000,000 (one billion, short scale; one thousand million or milliard, yard, long scale) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001.

New!!: Apoptosis and 1,000,000,000 · See more »

Redirects here:

Apoptose, Apoptosis (Cell death), Apoptosis process, Apoptosis regulatory proteins, Apoptotic, Apoptotic cell death, Apoptotic pathway, Caspase-mediated cell death, Cell apoptosis, Cell suicide, Cellular apoptosis, Cellular suicide, Fas apoptosis signaling pathway, Induce apoptosis in cancer cell lines, Pro-apoptotic, Proapoptotic, Shrinkage necrosis, Viral induction of apoptosis.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apoptosis

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »