669 relations: A/UX, A123 Systems, Abdullah Gül, Accelerated Graphics Port, Accessibility, Adobe PageMaker, Advance Publications, AIM alliance, AirPort Time Capsule, Al Gore, Alan Kay, Alan Turing, Alex Riley (comedian), Algorithm, Allan Alcorn, Amazon (company), Amazon Alexa, Amazon Echo, American City Business Journals, American Dream, American Red Cross, AnandTech, Andrea Jung, Andy Hertzfeld, Angela Ahrendts, Ankara, Anobit, Anti-competitive practices, AOL, App Store (iOS), App Store (macOS), Apple A10X, Apple A4, Apple A5, Apple A5X, Apple A6, Apple A6X, Apple Bandai Pippin, Apple Books, Apple Campus, Apple community, Apple Computer, Inc. v. Microsoft Corp., Apple Corps, Apple Corps v Apple Computer, Apple electric car project, Apple I, Apple II, Apple II series, Apple IIe, Apple III, ..., Apple Inc. v. Samsung Electronics Co., Apple Interactive Television Box, Apple Lisa, Apple Maps, Apple Music, Apple Newton, Apple Park, Apple Pay, Apple Pencil, Apple QuickTake, Apple Remote Desktop, Apple Store, Apple Thunderbolt Display, Apple TV, Apple Watch, Apple Watch Series 2, Apple Watch Series 3, Apple Worldwide Developers Conference, Aqua (user interface), Ars Technica, Arsenic, Arthur D. Levinson, Asset, Assisted GPS, AT&T, Austin, Texas, Austria, Autonomous car, Bangalore, Barcelona, BBC News, Beats Electronics, Beats Music, Beddit, Berkeley Software Distribution, Berkshire Hathaway, Big data, Bill Atkinson, Biometrics, BlackRock, Bloomberg L.P., Bluetooth, Boot Camp (software), Boston Consulting Group, Boy Genius Report, Braeburn Capital, Brand loyalty, British Virgin Islands, Broadway Books, Brominated flame retardant, Bug bounty program, Burberry, Business ethics, Business Insider, Byte, Byte (magazine), Cache (computing), California, Canaccord Genuity, Carbon dioxide equivalent, Carbon offset, CBC News, CBS, CBS Interactive, CBS This Morning, Central Bank of Ireland, Central processing unit, Central Statistics Office (Ireland), Chairman, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Charlie Elphicke, Chief design officer, Chief executive officer, Chief financial officer, Chief operating officer, China, Christian Kern, Classic Mac OS, Climate and energy, Climate bond, Climate Counts, Clips (software), CNBC, CNET, CNN, CNNMoney, Coca-Cola, Cold cathode, Columbia University Press, Commodore 64, Commodore PET, Component video, Compositing, Compost, Computer hardware, Computer History Museum, Computer monitor, Computer multitasking, Computer program, Conservative Party (UK), Consumer electronics, Conventional PCI, Copland (operating system), Cork (city), Corning Inc., Corporate tax, Corporate venture capital, Corporation tax in the Republic of Ireland, Covent Garden, Criticism of Apple Inc., Cupertino, California, Daily Mail, Dashboard (macOS), Data center, Data security, Deep learning, Dell, Desktop computer, Desktop publishing, DiDi (company), Digital distribution, Digital rights management, Digital video, Disk II, Dividend, Don Norman, Double Irish arrangement, Dow Jones & Company, Dow Jones Industrial Average, Dr. Dre, DVD authoring, DVD Studio Pro, Economist Group, Electric car, Electric energy consumption, Electrical grid, Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool, Emagic, EMI, Engadget, Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution, EU illegal State aid case against Apple in Ireland, European migrant crisis, Evangelism marketing, EWeek, EWorld, Fabless manufacturing, Face ID, Facebook, FaceTime, Fairfax Media, Fast Company (magazine), Fatih project, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Federal government of the United States, Feist (singer), Fidelity Investments, Fifth Avenue, File hosting service, FileMaker Inc., Final Cut Pro, Final Cut Pro X, Financial Times, Fiscal year, Flash memory, Floppy disk, Forbes, Ford Motor Company, Fortune (magazine), Fortune 500, Foxconn, Foxconn suicides, Fruitarianism, Future plc, GarageBand, George Harrison, George Osborne, Get a Mac, Gil Amelio, Glass production, Glassdoor, Global surveillance disclosures (2013–present), Google, Google Assistant, Google Maps, Gorilla Glass, Graphical user interface, Great Recession, Greenpeace, Gregory Hines, Gross domestic product, Gross national product, GSM, Guy Kawasaki, Gyroscope, Haifa, HDMI, Hearing aid, Herzliya, Hexane, High dynamic range, HIV/AIDS, Home page, Homebrew Computer Club, HomePod, Hong Kong, Hostile work environment, HuffPost, Human–computer interaction, Hurricane Harvey, Hurricane Irma, Hurricane Sandy, HyperTransport, IBM, IBM PC compatible, IBook, ICloud, IDVD, IEEE 1394, ILife, IMac, IMac G3, IMac Pro, IMovie, Inductive charging, Initial public offering, Instagram, Institute for Global Labour and Human Rights, Insulator (electricity), Intel, Intel Core, Intellectual property, Interbrand, Internal Revenue Service, International Data Group, International Finance Centre (Hong Kong), Inventec, IOS, IOS 10, IOS 8, IPad, IPad (3rd generation), IPad (4th generation), IPad 2, IPad Air, IPad Air 2, IPad Mini, IPad Mini 3, IPad Mini 4, IPad Pro, IPhone, IPhone (1st generation), IPhone 3G, IPhone 3GS, IPhone 4, IPhone 4S, IPhone 5, IPhone 5C, IPhone 5S, IPhone 6, IPhone 6S, IPhone 7, IPhone 8, IPhone SE, IPhone X, IPhoto, IPod, IPod Nano, IPod Shuffle, IPod Touch, Isaac Newton, Israel, ITunes, ITunes Store, IWork, IWoz, Jean-Louis Gassée, Jef Raskin, Jeff Williams (Apple), Jerry York (businessman), Jimmy Iovine, John Sculley, John Wiley & Sons, Johnson Controls, Joint-stock company, Jony Ive, JPMorgan Chase, Keynote (presentation software), Killer application, Labor rights, Landfill, Landfill gas utilization, Laptop, Laser printing, LaserWriter, Leave of absence, LED-backlit LCD, Leprechaun economics, Lev Grossman, LG Chem, Lightning (connector), Liquid-crystal display, Lisa P. Jackson, List of Apple Inc. media events, List of macOS components, List of public corporations by market capitalization, List of the largest information technology companies, Logic Pro, London, Low smoke zero halogen, LTE (telecommunication), Luca Maestri, Luxembourg, Mac Mini, Mac OS 9, Mac OS X Lion, Mac Pro, MacBook, MacBook (12-inch), MacBook Air, MacBook Pro, Machine learning, Macintosh, Macintosh 128K, Macintosh Centris, Macintosh Classic, Macintosh II, Macintosh IIsi, Macintosh LC, Macintosh Performa, Macintosh Portable, Macintosh Quadra, MacLife, MacOS, MacOS High Sierra, MacOS Server, Macromedia, MacRumors, MacTech, Macworld, Macworld/iWorld, Madrid, Magic Keyboard, Magic Mouse, Magic Trackpad, Mail (Apple), Maine, Market capitalization, Martin Luther King Jr., Mashable, Maxim Integrated, Mercury (element), Methane, Michael Dell, Michael Spindler, Microphone, Microsoft, Microsoft Office, Microsoft Windows, Mike Markkula, Mobile phone, Modified gross national income, Monopsony, Moscow, Motherboard, Motorola, Motorola Mobility v. Apple Inc., Muhammad Ali, Multi-band device, Multi-touch, Multinational corporation, Music download, NASDAQ-100, National Security Agency, NBCUniversal Television Group, NDTV, Nelson Mandela, Netflix, Netherlands, Neurotoxin, New Soul, New Town Plaza, New York City, New York Daily News, News (Apple), News leak, NeXT, NeXTSTEP, Nielsen Holdings, Nike+, Nike, Inc., No Starch Press, Nokia, Norman Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank, North Carolina, Northern Trust, Nothing Real, NPR, Numbers (spreadsheet), NVM Express, O'Reilly Media, Oath Inc., Omnicom Group, Open architecture, OpenStep, Operating system, Organizational culture, OS/2, Outsourcing, Pages (word processor), Panasonic, PARC (company), Paris, Patent, Patent troll, Paul Deneve, Paul Krugman, PC Magazine, PC World, PCI Express, Penguin Books, Penske Media Corporation, Personal computer, Phil Schiller, Philippines, Pixar, Polycarbonate, Polyvinyl chloride, Portable audio player, PostScript, Power Macintosh, Power Macintosh 7500, Power Macintosh 8500, Power Macintosh 9500, Power user, PowerBook, PowerCD, PowerPC, PowerPC Reference Platform, President of Turkey, PRISM (surveillance program), Product Red, Profit margin, Programming language, Public company, Public relations, Purch Group, Random-access memory, Recode, Recycling, Refurbishment (electronics), Renewable energy, Republic of Ireland, Reserve (accounting), Retina Display, Reuse, Reuters, Revenue Commissioners, Rich Page, Ridley Scott, Rob Janoff, Robin Williams, Rod Holt, Ron Johnson (businessman), Ronald Wayne, Rosa Parks, S&P 100, S&P 500 Index, Safari (web browser), Samsung, Samsung Electronics, San Francisco, Scott Forstall, Secrecy, Semiconductor, Shake (software), Shareholder, Shazam (application), Shell corporation, Sichuan, Silicon Valley, Singapore, Siri, Siri Remote, Smart speaker, Smartphone, Smartwatch, Software, Solar energy, Solar power, Something Ventured, Sonos, SPDR S&P 500 Trust ETF, Spreadsheet, Stainless steel, State Street Corporation, Statista, Steve Capps, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stockley Park, Storage area network, Store-within-a-store, Streaming media, Suicide, Sun Microsystems, Sunnyvale, California, Super Bowl XVIII, Sustainability metrics and indices, Sweatshop, Sydney, System 7, T. Rowe Price, Tablet computer, Taligent, Tandy Corporation, Tax law, Tax rate, TechCrunch, Technology company, Technology evangelist, TechRadar, Telegraph Media Group, Tesla, Inc., Texture (app), The Bank of New York Mellon, The Beatles, The Coca-Cola Company, The Conservation Fund, The Daily Telegraph, The Economic Times, The Economist, The Globe and Mail, The Guardian, The Independent, The Mail on Sunday, The New York Times, The Outline (website), The Register, The Sydney Morning Herald, The Times Group, The Times of India, The Vanguard Group, The Verge, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, The Woodbridge Company, Think different, Tim Cook, Time (magazine), Time Inc., Titanium, Toshiba, Touchpad, TRS-80, Truthout, TsUM (Moscow), TV Guide, TvOS, Tweeter, Twitter, Typhoon Haiyan, U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, Uber, UL (safety organization), Union Square, San Francisco, United Kingdom, United States, United States Constitution, United States debt-ceiling crisis of 2011, United States Department of the Treasury, United States dollar, United States International Trade Commission, United States Secret Service, University of California, Unix, USA Today, USB, VentureBeat, Verizon Wireless, Video Graphics Array, Videotelephony, Vienna, Virtual assistant, VisiCalc, Vox Media, W. W. Norton & Company, Walkman, WatchOS, Watt, West Coast Computer Faire, Wi-Fi, William Campbell (business executive), Windows Vista, Windows XP, Wired (magazine), Woofer, Workstation, World Wide Fund for Nature, Xcode, Xerox, Xerox Alto, Xsan, Yael Naim, Yahoo! Tech, YouTube, Yves Saint Laurent (brand), ZDNet, Ziff Davis, 1234 (Feist song), 1984 (advertisement), 2007 Nobel Peace Prize, 2010 Haiti earthquake, 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, 2017 Central Mexico earthquake, 2G, 3G, 4K resolution, 720p. Expand index (619 more) » « Shrink index
A/UX is a discontinued Apple Computer implementation of the Unix operating system for some of its Macintosh computers.
A123 Systems, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of the chinese Wanxiang Group, is a developer and manufacturer of lithium iron phosphate batteries and energy storage systems.
Abdullah Gül (born 29 October 1950) is a Turkish politician who served as the 11th President of Turkey, in office from 2007 to 2014.
The Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) was designed as a high-speed point-to-point channel for attaching a video card to a computer system, primarily to assist in the acceleration of 3D computer graphics.
Accessibility refers to the design of products, devices, services, or environments for people who experience disabilities.
PageMaker was one of the first desktop publishing programs, introduced in 1985 by Aldus on the Apple Macintosh.
Advance Publications, Inc. is an American media company owned by the descendants of S.I. Newhouse Sr., Donald Newhouse and S.I. Newhouse Jr.
The AIM alliance was formed on October 2, 1991, between Apple Inc. (then Apple Computer), IBM, and Motorola to create a new computing standard based on the PowerPC architecture.
The AirPort Time Capsule (originally named Time Capsule) is a wireless router sold by Apple Inc., featuring network-attached storage (NAS) and a residential gateway router, and is one of Apple's AirPort products.
Albert Arnold Gore Jr. (born March 31, 1948) is an American politician and environmentalist who served as the 45th Vice President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
Alan Curtis Kay (born May 17, 1940 published by the Association for Computing Machinery 2012) is an American computer scientist.
Alan Mathison Turing (23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954) was an English computer scientist, mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, philosopher, and theoretical biologist.
Alexander John "Alex" Riley (born 29 March 1968 in Sheffield, Yorkshire) is an English TV and radio presenter.
In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is an unambiguous specification of how to solve a class of problems.
Allan Alcorn (born January 1, 1948 in San Francisco) is an American pioneering engineer and computer scientist best known for creating Pong, one of the first video games.
Amazon.com, Inc., doing business as Amazon, is an American electronic commerce and cloud computing company based in Seattle, Washington that was founded by Jeff Bezos on July 5, 1994.
Amazon Alexa is a virtual assistant developed by Amazon, first used in the Amazon Echo and the Amazon Echo Dot smart speakers developed by Amazon Lab126.
Amazon Echo (shortened and referred to as Echo) is a brand of smart speakers developed by Amazon.com.
"." Houston Business Journal.
The American Dream is a national ethos of the United States, the set of ideals (democracy, rights, liberty, opportunity and equality) in which freedom includes the opportunity for prosperity and success, as well as an upward social mobility for the family and children, achieved through hard work in a society with few barriers.
The American Red Cross (ARC), also known as the American National Red Cross, is a humanitarian organization that provides emergency assistance, disaster relief, and disaster preparedness education in the United States.
AnandTech is an online computer hardware magazine.
Andrea Jung (鍾彬嫻, pinyin: Zhōng Bīnxián, jyutping: zung1 ban1 haa4) (born 1958) is a Canadian-American executive, non-profit leader, and prominent women's-issues supporter.
Andy Hertzfeld (born April 6, 1953) is an American computer scientist and inventor who was a member of the original Apple Macintosh development team during the 1980s.
Angela Jean Ahrendts, DBE (born June 7, 1960) is an American businesswoman and the Senior Vice President of Retail at Apple Inc. She was the CEO of Burberry from 2006 to 2014.
Ankara (English; Turkish Ottoman Turkish Engürü), formerly known as Ancyra (Ἄγκυρα, Ankyra, "anchor") and Angora, is the capital of the Republic of Turkey.
Anobit Technologies, Ltd. (אנוביט) is an Israeli fabless designer of flash memory controllers.
Anti-competitive practices are business, government or religious practices that prevent or reduce competition in a market (see restraint of trade).
AOL (formerly a company known as AOL Inc., originally known as America Online, and stylized as Aol.) is a web portal and online service provider based in New York.
The App Store is a digital distribution platform, developed and maintained by Apple Inc., for mobile apps on its iOS operating system.
The App Store is a digital distribution platform for macOS apps, created by Apple Inc. The platform was announced on October 20, 2010, at Apple's "Back to the Mac" event.
The Apple A10X Fusion is a 64-bit ARM-based system on a chip (SoC) designed by Apple Inc. and manufactured by TSMC.
The Apple A4 is a 32-bit package on package (PoP) system-on-a-chip (SoC) designed by Apple Inc. and manufactured by Samsung.
The Apple A5 is a 32-bit system-on-a-chip designed by Apple Inc. and manufactured by Samsung and is the successor to the Apple A4.
The Apple A5X is a 32-bit system-on-a-chip (SoC) designed by Apple Inc., introduced at the launch of the third generation iPad on March 7, 2012.
The Apple A6 is a 32-bit package on package (PoP) system on a chip (SoC) designed by Apple Inc. that was introduced on September 12, 2012 at the launch of the iPhone 5.
The Apple A6X is a 32-bit system-on-a-chip (SoC) designed by Apple Inc., introduced at the launch of the fourth generation iPad on October 23, 2012.
The Apple Bandai Pippin, stylized "PiP P!N", is a multimedia technology console, designed by Apple Computer.
Apple Books (previously known as iBooks until 2018) is an e-book application by Apple Inc. for its iOS and macOS operating systems and devices.
The Apple Campus is the former corporate headquarters of Apple Inc. from 1993 until 2017, when it was largely replaced by Apple Park, though it is still used by Apple as office and lab space.
The Apple community are people interested in Apple Inc. and its products, who report information in various media.
Apple Computer, Inc.
Apple Corps Ltd (informally known as Apple) is a multi-armed multimedia corporation founded in London in January 1968 by the members of the Beatles to replace their earlier company (Beatles Ltd) and to form a conglomerate.
Between 1978 and 2006 there were a number of legal disputes between Apple Corps (owned by The Beatles) and the computer manufacturer Apple Computer (now Apple Inc.) over competing trademark rights.
The Apple electric car project, codenamed "Titan", is an electric car project allegedly undergoing research and development by Apple Inc. To date, Apple has yet to comment on any plans to make an electric car.
Apple Computer 1, also known later as the Apple I, or Apple-1, is a desktop computer released by the Apple Computer Company (now Apple Inc.) in 1976.
The Apple II (stylized as Apple.
The Apple II series (trademarked with square brackets as "Apple.
The Apple IIe (styled as Apple //e) is the third model in the Apple II series of personal computers produced by Apple Computer.
The Apple III (often styled as apple ///) is a business-oriented personal computer produced and released by Apple Computer in 1980.
The Apple Interactive Television Box is a set-top box developed by Apple Computer (now Apple Inc.) in partnership with a number of global telecommunications firms, including British Telecom and Belgacom amongst others.
The Apple Lisa is a desktop computer developed by Apple, released on January 19, 1983.
Apple Maps (or simply Maps) is a web mapping service developed by Apple Inc. It is the default map system of iOS, macOS, and watchOS.
Apple Music is a music and video streaming service developed by Apple Inc. Users select music to stream to their device on-demand, or they can listen to existing, curated playlists.
The Newton is a series of personal digital assistants (PDA) developed and marketed by Apple Computer, Inc. An early device in the PDA category – the Newton originated the term "personal digital assistant" – it was the first to feature handwriting recognition.
Apple Park is the corporate headquarters of Apple Inc., located at 1 Apple Park Way in Cupertino, California, United States.
Apple Pay is a mobile payment and digital wallet service by Apple Inc. that allows users to make payments in person, in iOS apps, and on the web.
The Apple Pencil is a digital stylus pen that works as an input device for the iPad Pro and the 2018 iPad tablet computer and was designed by Apple Inc. It was announced on September 9, 2015, alongside the iPad Pro and released in conjunction with it on November 11, 2015.
The Apple QuickTake (codenamed Venus, Mars, Neptune) is one of the first consumer digital camera lines.
Apple Remote Desktop (ARD) is a Macintosh application produced by Apple Inc., first released on March 14, 2002, that replaced a similar product called Apple Network Assistant.
Apple Store is a chain of retail stores owned and operated by Apple Inc. The stores sell Mac personal computers, iPhone smartphones, iPad tablet computers, iPod portable media players, Apple Watch smartwatches, Apple TV digital media players, software, and select third-party accessories.
The Apple Thunderbolt Display is a 27-inch flat panel computer monitor sold by Apple Inc. from July 2011 to June 2016.
Apple TV is a digital media player and microconsole developed and sold by Apple Inc. It is a small network appliance and entertainment device that can receive digital data from a number of sources and stream to a capable television.
Apple Watch is a line of smartwatches designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. It incorporates fitness tracking and health-oriented capabilities with integration with iOS and other Apple products and services.
The Apple Watch Series 1 and Apple Watch Series 2 are the second-generation model of the Apple Watch.
The Apple Watch Series 3 is the third-generation model of the Apple Watch.
The Apple Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC) is a conference held annually by Apple Inc. in San Jose, California.
Aqua is the graphical user interface (GUI) and visual theme of Apple's macOS operating system.
Ars Technica (a Latin-derived term that the site translates as the "art of technology") is a website covering news and opinions in technology, science, politics, and society, created by Ken Fisher and Jon Stokes in 1998.
Arsenic is a chemical element with symbol As and atomic number 33.
Arthur D. Levinson (born March 31, 1950) is an American businessman and is the current Chairman of Apple Inc. (2011 to present) and CEO of Calico (an Alphabet Inc. venture).
In financial accounting, an asset is an economic resource.
Assisted GPS (abbreviated generally as A-GPS and less commonly as aGPS) is a system that often significantly improves the startup performance—i.e., time-to-first-fix (TTFF)—of a GPS satellite-based positioning system.
AT&T Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered at Whitacre Tower in Downtown Dallas, Texas.
Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County, with portions extending into Hays and Williamson counties.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
An autonomous car (also known as a driverless car, self-driving car, and robotic car) is a vehicle that is capable of sensing its environment and navigating without human input.
Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Beats Electronics LLC (also known as Beats by Dr. Dre, or simply Beats by Dre) is a division of Apple Inc. that produces audio products.
Beats Music was a subscription-based online music streaming service owned by the Beats Electronics division of Apple Inc. First developed in 2012 under the name "Daisy", the service combined algorithm-based personalization with expert music suggestions from a variety of sources.
Beddit is a Finnish based technology company that makes sleep-tracking devices and a sleep-tracking app to help monitor sleep.
Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) was a Unix operating system derivative developed and distributed by the Computer Systems Research Group (CSRG) of the University of California, Berkeley, from 1977 to 1995.
Berkshire Hathaway Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered in Omaha, Nebraska, United States.
Big data is data sets that are so big and complex that traditional data-processing application software are inadequate to deal with them.
Bill Atkinson (born 1951) is an American computer engineer and photographer.
Biometrics is the technical term for body measurements and calculations.
BlackRock, Inc. is an American global investment management corporation based in New York City.
Bloomberg L.P. is a privately held financial, software, data, and media company headquartered in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
Bluetooth is a wireless technology standard for exchanging data over short distances (using short-wavelength UHF radio waves in the ISM band from 2.4 to 2.485GHz) from fixed and mobile devices, and building personal area networks (PANs).
Boot Camp Assistant is a multi boot utility included with Apple Inc.'s macOS that assists users in installing Microsoft Windows operating systems on Intel-based Macintosh computers.
The Boston Consulting Group (BCG) is an American multinational management consulting firm with 90 offices in 50 countries.
Boy Genius Report (also referred to as BGR) is a technology-influenced website that covers topics ranging from consumer gadgets, to entertainment, gaming, and science.
Braeburn Capital Inc. is an asset management company based in Reno, Nevada and a subsidiary of Apple Inc. Its offices are located at 6900 S. McCarran Boulevard in Reno.
Brand loyalty is defined as positive feelings towards a brand and dedication to purchase the same product or service repeatedly now and in the future from the same brand, regardless of a competitor’s actions or changes in the environment.
The British Virgin Islands (BVI), officially simply "Virgin Islands", are a British Overseas Territory in the Caribbean, to the east of Puerto Rico.
Broadway Books, an imprint of the Crown Publishing Group, a Division of Random House, Inc., released its first list in Fall, 1996.
Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) are organobromine compounds that have an inhibitory effect on combustion chemistry and tend to reduce the flammability of products containing them.
A bug bounty program is a deal offered by many websites and software developers by which individuals can receive recognition and compensation for reporting bugs, especially those pertaining to exploits and vulnerabilities.
Burberry Group PLC is a British luxury fashion house headquartered in London, England.
Business ethics (also known as corporate ethics) is a form of applied ethics or professional ethics, that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that can arise in a business environment.
Business Insider is an American financial and business news website that also operates international editions in the UK, Australia, China, Germany, France, South Africa, India, Italy, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Netherlands, Nordics, Poland, Spanish and Singapore.
The byte is a unit of digital information that most commonly consists of eight bits, representing a binary number.
Byte was an American microcomputer magazine, influential in the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s because of its wide-ranging editorial coverage.
In computing, a cache, is a hardware or software component that stores data so future requests for that data can be served faster; the data stored in a cache might be the result of an earlier computation, or the duplicate of data stored elsewhere.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Canaccord Genuity Group Inc. is a global, full-service investment banking and financial services company that specializes in wealth management and brokerage in capital markets.
Carbon dioxide equivalent (CDE) and equivalent carbon dioxide (e and eq) are two related but distinct measures for describing how much global warming a given type and amount of greenhouse gas may cause, using the functionally equivalent amount or concentration of carbon dioxide as the reference.
A carbon offset is a reduction in emissions of carbon dioxide or greenhouse gases made in order to compensate for or to offset an emission made elsewhere.
CBC News is the division of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation responsible for the news gathering and production of news programs on the corporation's English-language operations, namely CBC Television, CBC Radio, CBC News Network, and CBC.ca.
CBS (an initialism of the network's former name, the Columbia Broadcasting System) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of CBS Corporation.
CBS Interactive Inc. (formerly CBS Digital Media Group) is an American media company and is a division of the CBS Corporation.
CBS This Morning is an American morning television program that is broadcast on CBS.
The Central Bank of Ireland (Banc Ceannais na hÉireann) is Ireland's central bank, and as such part of the European System of Central Banks (ESCB).
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
The Central Statistics Office (CSO; An Phríomh-Oifig Staidrimh) is the statistical agency responsible for the gathering of "information relating to economic, social and general activities and conditions" in Ireland, in particular the National Census which is held every five years.
The chairman (also chairperson, chairwoman or chair) is the highest officer of an organized group such as a board, a committee, or a deliberative assembly.
The Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of Her Majesty's Exchequer, commonly known as the Chancellor of the Exchequer, or simply the Chancellor, is a senior official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of Her Majesty's Treasury.
Charles Brett Anthony Elphicke (born 14 March 1971) is a British politician and former lawyer.
Chief design officer (sometimes CDO) or design executive officer (DEO) is a corporate title sometimes given to an executive in charge of an organization's design initiatives.
Chief executive officer (CEO) is the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, administrator, or other leader in charge of managing an organization especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution.
The chief financial officer (CFO) is the officer of a company that has primary responsibility for managing the company's finances, including financial planning, management of financial risks, record-keeping, and financial reporting.
The chief operating officer (COO), also called the chief operations officer, is one of the highest-ranking executive positions in an organization, comprising part of the "C-Suite".
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Christian Kern (Austrian; born 4 January 1966) is an Austrian politician and former business executive.
Classic Mac OS is a colloquial term used to describe a series of operating systems developed for the Macintosh family of personal computers by Apple Inc. from 1984 until 2001.
The correlation between climate and energy rests on known causal relationships between human population growth, rising energy consumption and land use and the resulting greenhouse gas emissions and climate change.
Climate bonds (also known as green bonds) are fixed-income financial instruments (bonds) linked in some way to climate change solutions.
Climate Counts, spearheaded by Stonyfield Farm CEO Gary Hirshberg, is a non-profit campaign that scores companies annually on the basis of their voluntary action to reverse climate change.
Clips is a mobile video editing software application created by Apple Inc. It was released onto the iOS App Store on April 6, 2017 for free.
CNBC is an American basic cable, internet and satellite business news television channel that is owned by NBCUniversal News Group, a division of NBCUniversal, with both being ultimately owned by Comcast.
CNET (stylized as c|net) is an American media website that publishes reviews, news, articles, blogs, podcasts and videos on technology and consumer electronics globally.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
CNNMoney.com is a financial news and information website, operated by CNN.
Coca-Cola, or Coke (also Pemberton's Cola at certain Georgian vendors), is a carbonated soft drink produced by The Coca-Cola Company.
A cold cathode is a cathode that is not electrically heated by a filament.
Columbia University Press is a university press based in New York City, and affiliated with Columbia University.
The Commodore 64, also known as the C64 or the CBM 64, is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International (first shown at the Consumer Electronics Show, in Las Vegas, January 7–10, 1982).
The Commodore PET (Personal Electronic Transactor) is a line of home/personal computers produced starting in 1977 by Commodore International.
Component video is a video signal that has been split into two or more component channels.
Compositing is the combining of visual elements from separate sources into single images, often to create the illusion that all those elements are parts of the same scene.
Compost is organic matter that has been decomposed in a process called composting.
Computer hardware includes the physical parts or components of a computer, such as the central processing unit, monitor, keyboard, computer data storage, graphic card, sound card and motherboard.
The Computer History Museum (CHM) is a museum established in 1996 in Mountain View, California, US.
A computer monitor is an output device which displays information in pictorial form.
In computing, multitasking is the concurrent execution of multiple tasks (also known as processes) over a certain period of time.
A computer program is a collection of instructions for performing a specific task that is designed to solve a specific class of problems.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
Consumer electronics or home electronics are electronic (analog or digital) equipments intended for everyday use, typically in private homes.
Conventional PCI, often shortened to PCI, is a local computer bus for attaching hardware devices in a computer.
Copland is an unreleased operating system prototype for Apple Macintosh computers of the late 1990s, intended to be released as the modern System 8 successor to the aging but venerable System 7.
Cork (from corcach, meaning "marsh") is a city in south-west Ireland, in the province of Munster, which had a population of 125,622 in 2016.
Corning Incorporated is an American multinational technology company that specializes in specialty glass, ceramics, and related materials and technologies including advanced optics, primarily for industrial and scientific applications.
A corporate tax, also called corporation tax or company tax, is a direct tax imposed by a jurisdiction on the income or capital of corporations or analogous legal entities.
Corporate venture capital (CVC) is the investment of corporate funds directly in external startup companies.
With 80% of Irish corporation tax ("CT") coming from foreign multinationals, and 14 of Ireland's largest 20 companies being US-based, Ireland is considered to have an advanced corporation tax regime (12.5% rate, broad tax-treaty network, tax-free holding company regimes, advanced intellectual property/knowledge box regimes).
Covent Garden is a district in Greater London, on the eastern fringes of the West End, between Charing Cross Road and Drury Lane.
Apple Inc. is a multinational American technology company which sells consumer electronics that have been claimed by critics to combine stolen and/or purchased designs that it claims are its own original creations.
Cupertino is a U.S. city in Santa Clara County, California, directly west of San Jose on the western edge of the Santa Clara Valley with portions extending into the foothills of the Santa Cruz Mountains.
The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-marketPeter Wilby, New Statesman, 19 December 2013 (online version: 2 January 2014) tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust and published in London.
Dashboard is an application for Apple Inc.'s macOS operating systems, used as a secondary desktop for hosting mini-applications known as widgets.
A data center (American English) or data centre (Commonwealth English) is a facility used to house computer systems and associated components, such as telecommunications and storage systems.
Data security means protecting digital data, such as those in a database, from destructive forces and from the unwanted actions of unauthorized users, such as a cyberattack or a data breach.
Deep learning (also known as deep structured learning or hierarchical learning) is part of a broader family of machine learning methods based on learning data representations, as opposed to task-specific algorithms.
Dell (stylized as DELL) is an American multinational computer technology company based in Round Rock, Texas, United States, that develops, sells, repairs, and supports computers and related products and services.
A desktop computer is a personal computer designed for regular use at a single location on or near a desk or table due to its size and power requirements.
Desktop publishing (abbreviated DTP) is the creation of documents using page layout skills on a personal computer primarily for print.
DiDi, formerly Didi Kuaidi, is a major Chinese ride-sharing, AI and autonomous technology conglomerate founded by Cheng Wei, providing transportation services for more than 450 million users across over 400 cities in China.
Digital distribution (also referred to as content delivery, online distribution, or electronic software distribution (ESD), among others) is the delivery or distribution of media content such as audio, video, software and video games.
Digital rights management (DRM) is a set of access control technologies for restricting the use of proprietary hardware and copyrighted works.
Digital video is an electronic representation of moving visual images (video) in the form of encoded digital data.
The Disk II Floppy Disk Subsystem, often rendered as Disk.
A dividend is a payment made by a corporation to its shareholders, usually as a distribution of profits.
Donald Arthur Norman (born December 25, 1935) is the director of The Design Lab at University of California, San Diego.
Double Irish arrangement is a tax scheme used by some U.S. corporations in Ireland (including Apple, Google and Facebook amongst others), to shield non-U.S. income from the pre Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (TCJA) U.S. worldwide 35% tax system, and almost all Irish taxes.
Dow Jones & Company is an American publishing and financial information firm that has been owned by News Corp. since 2007.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA), or simply the Dow, is a stock market index that shows how 30 large, publicly owned companies based in the United States have traded during a standard trading session in the stock market.
Andre Romelle Young (born February 18, 1965), better known by his stage name Dr.
DVD authoring is the process of creating a DVD video capable of playing on a DVD player.
DVD Studio Pro is a discontinued high-end software tool published by Apple Inc. to allow users to create DVD masters to be sent out for replication at production houses.
The Economist Newspaper Limited, trading as The Economist Group, is a British multinational media company headquartered in London and best known as publisher of The Economist.
An electric car is a plug-in electric automobile that is propelled by one or more electric motors, using energy typically stored in rechargeable batteries.
Electric energy consumption is the form of energy consumption that uses electric energy.
An electrical grid is an interconnected network for delivering electricity from producers to consumers.
The Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT) is a method for purchasers (governments, institutions, consumers, etc.) to evaluate the effect of a product on the environment.
Emagic was a music software and hardware company based in Rellingen, Germany and a satellite office in Grass Valley, CA.
EMI Group Limited (originally an initialism for Electric and Musical Industries and also referred to as EMI Records Ltd.) was a British multinational conglomerate founded in March 1931 in London.
Engadget is a multilingual technology blog network with daily coverage of gadgets and consumer electronics.
Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE) (also known as Enhanced GPRS (EGPRS), or IMT Single Carrier (IMT-SC), or Enhanced Data rates for Global Evolution) is a digital mobile phone technology that allows improved data transmission rates as a backward-compatible extension of GSM.
On 29 August 2016, after a two-year EU investigation, Margrethe Vestager of the European Commission announced Apple received illegal State aid from Ireland.
The European migrant crisis, or the European refugee crisis, is a term given to a period beginning in 2015 when rising numbers of people arrived in the European Union (EU), travelling across the Mediterranean Sea or overland through Southeast Europe.
Evangelism marketing is an advanced form of word-of-mouth marketing in which companies develop customers who believe so strongly in a particular product or service that they freely try to convince others to buy and use it.
eWeek (Enterprise Newsweekly, stylized as eWEEK) is a technology and business magazine, owned by QuinStreet.
eWorld was an online service operated by Apple Inc. between June 1994 and March 1996.
Fabless manufacturing is the design and sale of hardware devices and semiconductor chips while outsourcing the fabrication (or "fab") of the devices to a specialized manufacturer called a semiconductor foundry.
Face ID is a Face Unlock facial recognition system designed and developed by Apple Inc. for the iPhone X. It is a type of biometric authentication technology intended to succeed Touch ID, a fingerprint-based system.
Facebook is an American online social media and social networking service company based in Menlo Park, California.
FaceTime is a proprietary videotelephony product developed by Apple Inc. FaceTime is available on supported iOS mobile devices and Macintosh computers that run and later.
Fairfax Media Limited (formerly John Fairfax and Sons) is one of the largest media companies in Australia and New Zealand, with investments in newspaper, magazines, radio and digital properties.
Fast Company is a monthly American business magazine published in print and online that focuses on technology, business, and design.
Movement to Increase Opportunities and Technology or Fatih Project (Fırsatları Artırma ve Teknolojiyi İyileştirme Hareketi) is a project of the Turkish government which seeks to integrate state-of-the-art computer technology into Turkey's public education system.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), formerly the Bureau of Investigation (BOI), is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, and its principal federal law enforcement agency.
The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.
Leslie Feist (born 13 February 1976), known professionally as Feist, is a Canadian indie pop singer-songwriter and guitarist, performing both as a solo artist and as a member of the indie rock group Broken Social Scene.
Fidelity Investments Inc., commonly referred to as Fidelity, is a multinational financial services corporation based in Boston, Massachusetts.
Fifth Avenue is a major thoroughfare in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, United States.
A file hosting service, cloud storage service, online file storage provider, or cyberlocker is an Internet hosting service specifically designed to host user files.
FileMaker, Inc. is a computer software company formed in 1998 from the vestiges of Claris as a wholly owned subsidiary of Apple Inc. FileMaker develops, supports and markets the relational database program FileMaker.
Final Cut Pro is a series of non-linear video editing software programs first developed by Macromedia Inc. and later Apple Inc. The most recent version, Final Cut Pro X 10.4.2, runs on Intel-based Mac computers powered by macOS High Sierra or later.
Final Cut Pro X (pronounced "Final Cut Pro Ten") is a professional non-linear video editing application published by Apple Inc. as part of their Pro Apps family of software programs.
The Financial Times (FT) is a Japanese-owned (since 2015), English-language international daily newspaper headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.
A fiscal year (or financial year, or sometimes budget year) is the period used by governments for accounting and budget purposes, which vary between countries.
Flash memory is an electronic (solid-state) non-volatile computer storage medium that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed.
A floppy disk, also called a floppy, diskette, or just disk, is a type of disk storage composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sealed in a rectangular plastic enclosure lined with fabric that removes dust particles.
Forbes is an American business magazine.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
Fortune is an American multinational business magazine headquartered in New York City, United States.
The Fortune 500 is an annual list compiled and published by Fortune magazine that ranks 500 of the largest United States corporations by total revenue for their respective fiscal years.
Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd., trading as Foxconn Technology Group, is a multinational electronics contract manufacturing company with its headquarters in Tucheng, New Taipei, Taiwan.
The Foxconn Suicides were a spate of suicides linked to low pay at the so-called "Foxconn City" industrial park in Shenzhen, China, that occurred alongside several additional suicides at various other Foxconn-owned locations and facilities in Mainland China.
Fruitarianism is a diet that consists entirely or primarily of fruits in the botanical sense, and possibly nuts and seeds, without animal products.
Future plc is a British media company founded in 1985.
GarageBand is a line of digital audio workstations for macOS and iOS that allows users to create music or podcasts.
George Harrison (25 February 1943 – 29 November 2001) was an English guitarist, singer-songwriter, and producer who achieved international fame as the lead guitarist of the Beatles.
George Gideon Oliver Osborne (born 23 May 1971) is a British Conservative Party politician, who was Member of Parliament (MP) for Tatton from June 2001 until he stood down on 3 May 2017.
The "Get a Mac" campaign is a television advertising campaign created for Apple Inc. (Apple Computer, Inc. at the start of the campaign) by TBWA\Media Arts Lab, the company's advertising agency, that ran from 2006 to 2009.
Gilbert Frank Amelio (born March 1, 1943) is an American technology executive.
Glass production involves two main methods – the float glass process that produces sheet glass, and glassblowing that produces bottles and other containers.
Glassdoor is a website where employees and former employees anonymously review companies and their management.
Ongoing news reports in the international media have revealed operational details about the United States National Security Agency (NSA) and its international partners' global surveillance of foreign nationals and U.S. citizens.
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
The Google Assistant is a virtual assistant developed by Google that is primarily available on mobile and smart home devices.
Google Maps is a web mapping service developed by Google.
Gorilla Glass is a brand of specialized toughened glass developed and manufactured by Corning, now in its fifth generation, designed to be thin, light and damage-resistant.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
The Great Recession was a period of general economic decline observed in world markets during the late 2000s and early 2010s.
Greenpeace is a non-governmental environmental organization with offices in over 39 countries and with an international coordinating body in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Gregory Oliver Hines (February 14, 1946 – August 9, 2003) was an American dancer, actor, singer, and choreographer.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Gross national product (GNP) is the market value of all the goods and services produced in one year by labor and property supplied by the citizens of a country.
GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) is a standard developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe the protocols for second-generation digital cellular networks used by mobile devices such as tablets, first deployed in Finland in December 1991.
Guy Takeo Kawasaki (born August 30, 1954) is an American marketing specialist, author, and Silicon Valley venture capitalist.
A gyroscope (from Ancient Greek γῦρος gûros, "circle" and σκοπέω skopéō, "to look") is a device used for measuring or maintaining orientation and angular velocity.
Haifa (חֵיפָה; حيفا) is the third-largest city in Israel – after Jerusalem and Tel Aviv– with a population of in.
HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) is a proprietary audio/video interface for transmitting uncompressed video data and compressed or uncompressed digital audio data from an HDMI-compliant source device, such as a display controller, to a compatible computer monitor, video projector, digital television, or digital audio device.
A hearing aid is a device designed to improve hearing by making sound audible to a person with hearing loss.
Herzliya (הֶרְצְלִיָּה; هرتسيليا) is an affluent city in the central coast of Israel, at the Northern part of the Tel Aviv District known for its robust start-up and entrepreneurial culture.
Hexane is an alkane of six carbon atoms, with the chemical formula C6H14.
High dynamic range (HDR) is a dynamic range higher than what is considered to be standard dynamic range.
Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
A home page or a start page is the initial or main web page of a website or a browser.
The Homebrew Computer Club was an early computer hobbyist group in Silicon Valley which met from March 5, 1975 to December 1986, and was depicted in the films Pirates of Silicon Valley (1999) and Jobs (2013), as well as the PBS documentary series, Triumph of the Nerds (1996).
HomePod is a smart speaker developed by Apple Inc. It was announced on June 5, 2017, at the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference, and originally scheduled for release in December 2017.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
In United States labor law, a hostile work environment exists when one's behavior within a workplace creates an environment that is difficult or uncomfortable for another person to work in due to discrimination.
HuffPost (formerly The Huffington Post and sometimes abbreviated HuffPo) is a liberal American news and opinion website and blog that has both localized and international editions.
Human–computer interaction (HCI) researches the design and use of computer technology, focused on the interfaces between people (users) and computers.
Hurricane Harvey is tied with Hurricane Katrina as the costliest tropical cyclone on record, inflicting $125 billion (2017 USD) in damage, primarily from catastrophic rainfall-triggered flooding in the Houston metropolitan area.
Hurricane Irma was an extremely powerful and catastrophic Cape Verde hurricane, the strongest observed in the Atlantic in terms of maximum sustained winds since Wilma, and the strongest storm on record to exist in the open Atlantic region.
Hurricane Sandy (unofficially referred to as Superstorm Sandy) was the deadliest and most destructive hurricane of the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season.
HyperTransport (HT), formerly known as Lightning Data Transport (LDT), is a technology for interconnection of computer processors.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
IBM PC compatible computers are computers similar to the original IBM PC, XT, and AT, able to use the same software and expansion cards.
The iBook is a line of laptop computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1999 to 2006.
iCloud is a cloud storage and cloud computing service from Apple Inc. launched on October 12, 2011.
iDVD is a discontinued DVD-creation application for Mac OS X produced by Apple Inc. iDVD allows the user to burn QuickTime movies, MP3 music, and digital photos to a DVD that can then be played on a commercial DVD player.
IEEE 1394 is an interface standard for a serial bus for high-speed communications and isochronous real-time data transfer.
iLife is a software suite for macOS and iOS developed by Apple Inc. It consists of various programs for media creation, organization, editing and publishing.
iMac is a family of all-in-one Macintosh desktop computers designed and built by Apple Inc. It has been the primary part of Apple's consumer desktop offerings since its debut in August 1998, and has evolved through seven distinct forms.
The iMac G3 is a series of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1998 to 2003.
iMac Pro is an all-in-one personal computer and workstation designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. starting December 14, 2017.
iMovie is a video editing software application sold by Apple Inc. for the Mac and iOS (iPhone, iPad, iPad Mini and iPod Touch).
Inductive charging (also known as wireless charging or cordless charging) uses an electromagnetic field to transfer energy between two objects through electromagnetic induction.
Initial public offering (IPO) or stock market launch is a type of public offering in which shares of a company are sold to institutional investors and usually also retail (individual) investors; an IPO is underwritten by one or more investment banks, who also arrange for the shares to be listed on one or more stock exchanges.
Instagram is a photo and video-sharing social networking service owned by Facebook, Inc. It was created by Kevin Systrom and Mike Krieger, and launched in October 2010 exclusively on iOS.
The Institute for Global Labour and Human Rights, formerly known as the National Labor Committee (until 2011), is a non-profit, non-governmental organization (NGO) that investigates human and labor rights abuses committed by large multinational corporations producing goods in the developing world.
An electrical insulator is a material whose internal electric charges do not flow freely; very little electric current will flow through it under the influence of an electric field.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
Intel Core is a line of mid-to-high end consumer, workstation, and enthusiast central processing units (CPU) marketed by Intel Corporation.
Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property that includes intangible creations of the human intellect, and primarily encompasses copyrights, patents, and trademarks.
Interbrand, a division of Omnicom, is a brand consultancy, specializing in areas such as brand strategy, brand analytics, brand valuation, corporate design, digital brand management, packaging design, and naming.
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is the revenue service of the United States federal government.
International Data Group, Inc. (IDG) is a Chinese-owned, American-based media, data and marketing services and venture capital organization.
The International Finance Centre (abbr. IFC, branded as "ifc") is a skyscraper and an integrated commercial development on the waterfront of Hong Kong's Central District.
Inventec Corporation is a Taiwan-based Original Design Manufacturer (ODM) making notebook computers, servers and mobile devices.
iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware.
iOS 10 is the tenth major release of the iOS mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc., being the successor to iOS 9.
iOS 8 is the eighth major release of the iOS mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc., being the successor to iOS 7.
iPad is a line of tablet computers designed, developed and marketed by Apple Inc., which run the iOS mobile operating system.
The third-generation iPad (marketed as The new iPad, colloquially referred to as the iPad 3) is a tablet computer, developed and marketed by Apple Inc. The third device in the iPad line of tablets, it added a Retina Display, the new Apple A5X chip with a quad-core graphics processor, a 5-megapixel camera, HD 1080p video recording, voice dictation, and support for LTE networks in North America.
The fourth-generation iPad (marketed as iPad with Retina display, colloquially referred to as the iPad 4) is a tablet computer produced and marketed by Apple Inc. Compared to its predecessor, the third-generation iPad, the fourth-generation iPad maintained the Retina Display but featured new and upgraded components such as the Apple A6X chip and the Lightning connector, which was introduced on September 12, 2012.
The iPad 2 is a tablet designed, developed and marketed by Apple Inc. Compared to the first iPad, as the second model in the iPad line it gained a faster dual core A5 processor, a lighter build structure, and was the first iPad to feature VGA front-facing and 720p rear-facing cameras designed for FaceTime video calling.
The iPad Air is the first-generation iPad Air tablet computer designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. It was announced on October 22, 2013, and was released on November 1, 2013.
The iPad Air 2 is the second-generation iPad Air tablet computer designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. It was announced on October 16, 2014 alongside the iPad Mini 3, both of which were released on October 22, 2014.
The iPad Mini family (branded and marketed as iPad mini) is a line of mini tablet computers designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. It is a sub-series of the iPad line of tablets, with a reduced screen size of 7.9 inches, in contrast to the standard 9.7 inches.
The iPad Mini 3 (stylized and marketed as iPad mini 3) is the third-generation iPad Mini tablet computer designed, developed and marketed by Apple Inc. It was announced alongside the iPad Air 2 on October 16, 2014 and then released on October 22.
The iPad Mini 4 (stylized and marketed as iPad mini 4) is the fourth-generation iPad Mini tablet computer designed, developed and marketed by Apple Inc. It was announced along with the iPad Pro on September 9, 2015, and released the same day.
The iPad Pro family is a line of iPad tablet computers designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc., that runs the iOS mobile operating system.
iPhone is a line of smartphones designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The iPhone line of products use Apple's iOS mobile operating system software.
The iPhone is the first smartphone model designed and marketed by Apple Inc, announced on January 9, 2007, after years of rumors and speculation.
The iPhone 3G is a smartphone that was designed and marketed by Apple Inc. It is the second generation of iPhone, successor to the original iPhone, and was introduced on June 9, 2008, at the WWDC 2008 at the Moscone Center in San Francisco, United States.
The iPhone 3GS (originally styled iPhone 3G S) is a smartphone that was designed and marketed by Apple Inc. It is the third generation iPhone, successor to the iPhone 3G.
The iPhone 4 is a smartphone that was designed and marketed by Apple Inc. Following a number of notable leaks, the iPhone 4 was first unveiled on June 7, 2010, at Apple's Worldwide Developers Conference in San Francisco, and was released on June 24, 2010, in the United States, United Kingdom, France, Germany and Japan.
The iPhone 4S (retroactively stylized with a lowercase 's' as iPhone 4s as of September 2013) is a smartphone that was designed and marketed by Apple Inc. It is the fifth generation of the iPhone, succeeding the iPhone 4 and preceding the iPhone 5.
The iPhone 5 is a smartphone designed and marketed by Apple Inc. It is the sixth generation of the iPhone, succeeding the iPhone 4S and preceding the iPhone 5S and iPhone 5C.
The iPhone 5C (marketed with a stylized lowercase 'c' as iPhone 5c) is a smartphone that was designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The device was part of the iPhone series and was unveiled on September 10, 2013, and released on September 20, 2013, along with its higher-end counterpart, the iPhone 5S.
The iPhone 5S is a smartphone that was designed and marketed by Apple Inc. Part of the iPhone series, the device was unveiled on September 10, 2013, at Apple's Cupertino headquarters.
The iPhone 6S and iPhone 6S Plus (stylized and marketed as iPhone 6s and iPhone 6s Plus) are smartphones designed, developed and marketed by Apple Inc. They were announced on September 9, 2015, at the Bill Graham Civic Auditorium in San Francisco by Apple CEO Tim Cook, with pre-orders beginning September 12 and official release on September 25, 2015.
iPhone 7 and iPhone 7 Plus are smartphones designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. They were announced on September 7, 2016, at the Bill Graham Civic Auditorium in San Francisco by Apple CEO Tim Cook, and were released on September 16, 2016, succeeding the iPhone 6S and iPhone 6S Plus as the flagship devices in the iPhone series.
The iPhone 8 and iPhone 8 Plus are smartphones designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. They were announced on September 12, 2017, alongside the higher-end iPhone X, at the Steve Jobs Theater in the Apple Park campus, and were released on September 22, 2017, succeeding iPhone 7 and iPhone 7 Plus. Besides the addition of a glass back, the designs of iPhone 8 and 8 Plus are largely similar to that of their predecessors. Notable changes include the addition of wireless charging, a faster processor, and improved cameras and displays. The iPhone 8 and 8 Plus share most of their internal hardware with the iPhone X. Reception of the phones was mixed, with reviewers praising the addition of wireless charging and the new Apple A11 processor, while significantly criticizing the aging design.
The iPhone Special Edition (SE) is a smartphone designed and marketed by Apple Inc. as part of the iPhone series of devices.
iPhone X ("X" pronounced "ten") is a smartphone designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. It was announced on September 12, 2017, alongside the iPhone 8 and iPhone 8 Plus, at the Steve Jobs Theater in the Apple Park campus.
iPhoto is a discontinued digital photograph manipulation software application developed by Apple Inc. It was included with every Macintosh personal computer from 2002 to 2015, when it was replaced with Apple's Photos application.
The iPod is a line of portable media players and multi-purpose pocket computers designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The first version was released on October 23, 2001, about months after the Macintosh version of iTunes was released.
The iPod Nano (stylized and marketed as iPod nano) is a portable media player designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The first generation model was introduced on September 7, 2005, as a replacement for the iPod Mini, using flash memory for storage.
The iPod Shuffle (stylized and marketed as iPod shuffle) is a digital audio player designed and marketed by Apple Inc.
The iPod Touch (stylized and marketed as iPod touch) is an iOS-based all-purpose mobile device designed and marketed by Apple Inc. with a touchscreen-controlled user interface.
Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/27) was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and physicist (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time, and a key figure in the scientific revolution.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
iTunes is a media player, media library, Internet radio broadcaster, and mobile device management application developed by Apple Inc. It was announced on January 9, 2001.
The iTunes Store is a software-based online digital media store operated by Apple Inc. It opened on April 28, 2003, and has been the largest music vendor in the United States since April 2008, and the largest music vendor in the world since February 2010.
iWork is an office suite of applications created by Apple Inc. for its macOS and iOS operating systems, and also available cross-platform through the iCloud website.
iWoz: From Computer Geek to Cult Icon: How I Invented the Personal Computer, Co-Founded Apple, and Had Fun Doing It is a 2006 autobiography by computer engineer and programmer Steve Wozniak.
Jean-Louis Gassée (born March 1944 in Paris, France) is a business executive.
Jef Raskin (March 9, 1943 – February 26, 2005) was an American human–computer interface expert best known for conceiving and starting the Macintosh project at Apple in the late 1970s.
Jeff Williams (born c. 1963) is Apple's chief operating officer under CEO Tim Cook, a position he has held since December 2015.
Jerome Bailey York (June 22, 1938 – March 18, 2010), commonly known as Jerry York, was an American businessman, and the Chairman, President and CEO of Harwinton Capital.
James Iovine (born March 11, 1953) is a record producer best known as the co-founder of Interscope Records.
John Sculley III (born April 6, 1939) is an American businessman, entrepreneur and investor in high-tech startups.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
Johnson Controls International plc is a multinational conglomerate headquartered in Cork, Ireland, that produces automotive parts such as batteries, and electronics and HVAC equipment for buildings.
A joint-stock company is a business entity in which shares of the company's stock can be bought and sold by shareholders.
Sir Jonathan Paul Ive, KBE, HonFREng, RDI (born 27 February 1967) is an English industrial designer who is currently the chief design officer (CDO) of Apple and chancellor of the Royal College of Art in London.
JPMorgan Chase & Co. is an American multinational investment bank and financial services company headquartered in New York City.
Keynote is a presentation software application developed as a part of the iWork productivity suite by Apple Inc. Keynote 7.3.1 was released on November 2, 2017 and is the most recent version for the Mac.
In marketing terminology, a killer application (commonly shortened to killer app) is any computer program that is so necessary or desirable that it proves the core value of some larger technology, such as computer hardware, a gaming console, software, a programming language, a software platform, or an operating system.
Labor rights or workers' rights are a group of legal rights and claimed human rights having to do with labor relations between workers and their employers, usually obtained under labor and employment law.
A landfill site (also known as a tip, dump, rubbish dump, garbage dump or dumping ground and historically as a midden) is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial.
Landfill gas utilization is a process of gathering, processing, and treating the methane gas emitted from decomposing garbage to produce electricity, heat, fuels, and various chemical compounds.
A laptop, also called a notebook computer or just notebook, is a small, portable personal computer with a "clamshell" form factor, having, typically, a thin LCD or LED computer screen mounted on the inside of the upper lid of the "clamshell" and an alphanumeric keyboard on the inside of the lower lid.
Laser printing is an electrostatic digital printing process.
The LaserWriter is a laser printer with built-in PostScript interpreter sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1985 to 1988.
A leave of absence (LOA) is a period of time that one must be away from one's primary job, while maintaining the status of employee.
A LED-backlit LCD is a flat panel display which uses LED backlighting instead of the cold cathode fluorescent (CCFL) backlighting.
Leprechaun economics was a term coined by Nobel Prize-winning economist Paul Krugman in a tweet on 12 July 2016 in response to the publication by the Irish Central Statistics Office (CSO) that Irish GDP had grown by 26.3%, and Irish GNP had grown by 18.7%, in the 2015 Irish national accounts.
Lev Grossman (born June 26, 1969 in Concord, Massachusetts) is an American novelist and journalist, most notable as the author of the Magicians trilogy: The Magicians (2009), The Magician King (2011), and The Magician's Land (2014).
LG Chem Ltd. (Korean: LG화학), often referred to as LG Chemical, is the largest Korean chemical company and is headquartered in Seoul, South Korea.
Lightning is a proprietary computer bus and power connector created by Apple Inc. Introduced on, to replace its predecessor, the 30-pin dock connector, the Lightning connector is used to connect Apple mobile devices like iPhones, iPads, and iPods to host computers, external monitors, cameras, USB battery chargers, and other peripherals.
A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat-panel display or other electronically modulated optical device that uses the light-modulating properties of liquid crystals.
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Apple Inc. announces new products, product redesigns and upgrades through press conferences that garner a significant following in traditional and online media.
This is a list of macOS (earlier called Mac OS X) components, features that are included in the current Mac operating system.
The following is a list of publicly traded companies having the greatest market capitalization.
This is not a list of the largest information technology companies, but rather a list of the world's largest technology companies by market cap from Fortune Global 500 magazine.
Logic Pro is a digital audio workstation (DAW) and MIDI sequencer software application for the macOS platform.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Low smoke zero halogen or low smoke free of halogen (LSZH or LSOH or LS0H or LSFH or OHLS) is a material classification typically used for cable jacketing in the wire and cable industry.
In telecommunication, Long-Term Evolution (LTE) is a standard for high-speed wireless communication for mobile devices and data terminals, based on the GSM/EDGE and UMTS/HSPA technologies.
Luca Maestri (born October 14, 1963) is the Senior Vice president and Chief Financial Officer at Apple Inc.
Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg; Luxembourg, Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in western Europe.
The Mac mini (marketed and branded with lowercase "mini" as Mac mini) is a small desktop computer manufactured by Apple Inc. Like earlier mini-ITX PC designs, it is square and tall.
Mac OS 9 is the ninth and final major release of Apple's classic Mac OS operating system.
Mac OS X Lion (version 10.7) is the eighth major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers.
The Mac Pro is a series of workstation and server computers designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Inc. since 2006.
The MacBook is a brand of notebook computers manufactured by Apple Inc. from May 2006 to February 2012, and relaunched in 2015.
The MacBook is a line of Macintosh portable computers introduced in March 2015 by Apple Inc.
The MacBook Air is a line of Macintosh subnotebook computers developed and manufactured by Apple Inc. It consists of a full-size keyboard, a machined aluminum case, and a thin light structure.
The MacBook Pro (sometimes abbreviated as MBP) is a line of Macintosh portable computers introduced in January 2006 by Apple Inc.
Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence in the field of computer science that often uses statistical techniques to give computers the ability to "learn" (i.e., progressively improve performance on a specific task) with data, without being explicitly programmed.
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
The Macintosh 128K, originally released as the Apple Macintosh, is the original Apple Macintosh personal computer.
Macintosh Centris is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. in 1992 and 1993.
The Macintosh Classic is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from October 1990 to September 1992.
The Macintosh II is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from March 1987 to January 1990.
The Macintosh IIsi is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from October 1990 to March 1993.
The Macintosh LC is a personal computer designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from October 1990 to March 1992.
The Macintosh Performa is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1992 to 1997.
The Macintosh Portable is a laptop designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from September 1989 to October 1991.
The Macintosh Quadra is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from October 1991 to October 1995.
MacLife (stylized as Mac|Life) is an American monthly magazine published by Future US.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
macOS High Sierra (version 10.13) is the fourteenth major release of macOS, Apple Inc.'s desktop operating system for Macintosh computers.
macOS Server, formerly Mac OS X Server and OS X Server, is a separately sold operating system add-on which provides additional server programs along with management and administration tools for macOS.
Macromedia was an American graphics, multimedia, and web development software company (1992–2005) headquartered in San Francisco, California that produced such products as Flash and Dreamweaver.
MacRumors.com is a website that aggregates Mac and Apple related news, rumors, and reports.
MacTech is the journal of Apple technology, a monthly magazine for consultants, IT Pros, system administrators, software developers, and other technical users of the Apple Macintosh line of computers.
Macworld is a web site dedicated to products and software of Apple Inc., published by Mac Publishing, which is headquartered in San Francisco, California.
Produced by Boston-based IDG World Expo, Macworld/iWorld is a trade show with conference tracks dedicated to the Apple Macintosh platform.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
The Apple Magic Keyboard is the current computer keyboard produced by Apple Inc. It was released alongside the Magic Mouse 2 and the Magic Trackpad 2.
The Magic Mouse is a multi-touch mouse that was manufactured and sold by Apple.
The Magic Trackpad is a multi-touch trackpad produced by Apple Inc. Announced on July 27, 2010, it is 80% larger than the trackpad found on the current MacBook family of laptops.
Mail (also known as Apple Mail or Mail.app) is an email client included with the operating systems macOS, iOS and watchOS by Apple Inc. Originally developed by NeXT as NeXTMail, a part of their NeXTSTEP operating system, it eventually became Mail after Apple's acquisition of NeXT.
Maine is a U.S. state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Market capitalization (market cap) is the market value of a publicly traded company's outstanding shares.
Martin Luther King Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 until his death in 1968.
Mashable is a digital media website founded by Pete Cashmore in 2005.
Maxim Integrated is an American, publicly traded company that designs, manufactures, and sells analog and mixed-signal integrated circuits.
Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.
Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).
Michael Saul Dell (born February 23, 1965) is an American businessman, investor, philanthropist, and author.
Michael Spindler (22 December 1942 in Berlin – 2017) was president and CEO of Apple from 1993 to 1996.
A microphone, colloquially nicknamed mic or mike, is a transducer that converts sound into an electrical signal.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft Office is a family of client software, server software, and services developed by Microsoft.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Armas Clifford "Mike" Markkula Jr. (born February 11, 1942) is an American businessman and investor.
A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.
Modified GNI (or GNI*) was created by the Central Bank of Ireland in February 2017 as a way to measure the Irish economy, and Irish indebtedness, due to the increasing distortions that Irish multinational tax schemes, also known as Irish IP-based BEPS tools, were having on Irish GNI, Irish GNP and Irish GDP.
In economics, a monopsony (from Ancient Greek μόνος (mónos) "single" + ὀψωνία (opsōnía) "purchase") is a market structure in which only one buyer interacts with many would-be sellers of a particular product.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
A motherboard (sometimes alternatively known as the mainboard, system board, baseboard, planar board or logic board, or colloquially, a mobo) is the main printed circuit board (PCB) found in general purpose microcomputers and other expandable systems.
Motorola, Inc. was an American multinational telecommunications company founded on September 25, 1928, based in Schaumburg, Illinois.
Motorola Mobility v. Apple Inc. was one of a series of lawsuits between technology companies Motorola Mobility and Apple Inc..
Muhammad Ali (born Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr.; January 17, 1942 – June 3, 2016) was an American professional boxer, activist, and philanthropist.
In telecommunications, a multi-band device (including dual-band, tri-band, quad-band and penta-band devices) is a communication device (especially a mobile phone) that supports multiple radio frequency bands.
In computing, multi-touch is technology that enables a surface (a trackpad or touchscreen) to recognize the presence of more than one or more than two points of contact with the surface.
A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country.
A music download is the digital transfer of music via the Internet into a device capable of decoding and playing it, such as a home computer, MP3 player or smartphone.
The NASDAQ-100 (^NDX) is a stock market index made up of 103 equity securities issued by 100 of the largest non-financial companies listed on the NASDAQ.
The National Security Agency (NSA) is a national-level intelligence agency of the United States Department of Defense, under the authority of the Director of National Intelligence.
NBCUniversal Television Group is the common name, given the previous usage as a name for the preceding division group, for NBC Broadcasting and NBC Entertainment, both American television units of NBCUniversal.
New Delhi Television Limited (NDTV) is an Indian television media company founded in 1988 by Radhika Roy, a journalist.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
Netflix, Inc. is an American over-the-top media services provider, headquartered in Los Gatos, California.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Neurotoxins are toxins that are poisonous or destructive to nerve tissue (causing neurotoxicity).
"New Soul" is a song by the French-Israeli R&B/soul singer Yael Naïm, from her self-titled second album.
New Town Plaza is a shopping mall in the town centre of Sha Tin, Hong Kong.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
The New York Daily News, officially titled Daily News, is an American newspaper based in New York City.
News is a mobile app and news aggregator developed by Apple Inc., for its operating system iOS, and launched with the release of iOS 9.
A news leak is the unsanctioned release of confidential information to news media.
NeXT (later NeXT Computer and NeXT Software) was an American computer and software company founded in 1985 by Apple Computer co-founder Steve Jobs.
NeXTSTEP is a discontinued object-oriented, multitasking operating system based on UNIX.
Nielsen Holdings PLC (formerly known as Nielsen N.V.) is a global information, data and measurement company with headquarters in the U.K..
The Nike+iPod Sports Kit is an activity tracker device, developed by Nike, Inc., which measures and records the distance and pace of a walk or run.
Nike, Inc. is an American multinational corporation that is engaged in the design, development, manufacturing, and worldwide marketing and sales of footwear, apparel, equipment, accessories, and services.
No Starch Press is an American publishing company, specializing in technical literature often geared towards the geek, hacker, and DIY subcultures.
Nokia is a Finnish multinational telecommunications, information technology, and consumer electronics company, founded in 1865.
Norman Robert Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank, (born 1 June 1935) is a British architect whose company, Foster + Partners, maintains an international design practice famous for high-tech architecture.
North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Northern Trust Corporation is a financial services company organized in Delaware and headquartered in Chicago, Illinois that caters to corporations, institutional investors, and high net worth individuals.
Nothing Real L.L.C, a company founded in October 1996 by Allen Edwards and Arnaud Hervas, developed high-end digital effects software for the feature film, broadcast and interactive gaming industries.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
Numbers is a spreadsheet application developed by Apple Inc. as part of the iWork productivity suite alongside Keynote and Pages.
NVM Express (NVMe) or Non-Volatile Memory Host Controller Interface Specification (NVMHCIS) is an open logical device interface specification for accessing non-volatile storage media attached via a PCI Express (PCIe) bus.
O'Reilly Media (formerly O'Reilly & Associates) is an American media company established by Tim O'Reilly that publishes books and Web sites and produces conferences on computer technology topics.
Omnicom Group, Inc. is an American global marketing and corporate communications holding company, headquartered in New York City.
Open architecture is a type of computer architecture or software architecture that is designed to make adding, upgrading and swapping components easy.
OpenStep is an object-oriented application programming interface (API) specification for a legacy object-oriented operating system, with the basic goal of offering a NeXTSTEP-like environment on a non-NeXTSTEP operating system.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
Organizational culture encompasses values and behaviours that "contribute to the unique social and psychological environment of an organization".
OS/2 is a series of computer operating systems, initially created by Microsoft and IBM under the leadership of IBM software designer Ed Iacobucci.
In business, outsourcing is an agreement in which one company contracts its own internal activity to a different company.
Pages is a word processor developed by Apple Inc. It is part of the iWork productivity suite and runs on the macOS and iOS operating systems.
, formerly known as, is a Japanese multinational electronics corporation headquartered in Kadoma, Osaka, Japan.
PARC (Palo Alto Research Center; formerly Xerox PARC) is a research and development company in Palo Alto, California, with a distinguished reputation for its contributions to information technology and hardware systems.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
In international law and business, patent trolling or patent hoarding is a categorical or pejorative term applied to a person or company that attempts to enforce patent rights against accused infringers far beyond the patent's actual value or contribution to the prior art, often through hardball legal tactics (frivolous litigation, vexatious litigation, strategic lawsuit against public participation (SLAPP), chilling effects, and the like).
Paul Deneve (born February 16, 1961) is a business leader with a background in fashion and technology.
Paul Robin Krugman (born February 28, 1953) is an American economist who is currently Distinguished Professor of Economics at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, and a columnist for The New York Times.
PC Magazine (shortened as PCMag) is an American computer magazine published by Ziff Davis.
PC World, stylized PCWorld, is a global computer magazine published monthly by IDG.
PCI Express (Peripheral Component Interconnect Express), officially abbreviated as PCIe or PCI-e, is a high-speed serial computer expansion bus standard, designed to replace the older PCI, PCI-X, and AGP bus standards.
Penguin Books is a British publishing house.
Penske Media Corporation (PMC) is an American digital media, publishing, and information services company founded in 2003.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
Philip W. "Phil" Schiller is the senior vice president of worldwide marketing at Apple Inc. He is a prominent figure in Apple's public presentations.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Pixar Animation Studios, commonly referred to as Pixar, is an American computer animation movie studio based in Emeryville, California that is a subsidiary of Walt Disney Studios, owned by The Walt Disney Company.
Polycarbonates (PC) are a group of thermoplastic polymers containing carbonate groups in their chemical structures.
Polyvinyl chloride, also known as polyvinyl or '''vinyl''', commonly abbreviated PVC, is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.
A portable audio player is a personal mobile device that allows the user to listen to recorded audio while mobile.
PostScript (PS) is a page description language in the electronic publishing and desktop publishing business.
The Power Macintosh, later Power Mac, is a family of personal computers that were designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. as part of its Macintosh brand from March 1994 until August 2006.
The Power Macintosh 7500 is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from August 1995 to May 1996.
The Power Macintosh 8500 (sold as the Power Macintosh 8515 in Europe and Japan) is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer from August 1995 to February 1997.
The Power Macintosh 9500 (sold as Power Macintosh 9515 in Europe and Asia) is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from May 1995 to February 1997.
A power user or an experienced user is a computer user who uses advanced features of computer hardware, operating systems, programs, or web sites which are not used by the average user.
The PowerBook (known as Macintosh PowerBook before 1997) is a family of Macintosh laptop computers designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1991 to 2006.
Apple PowerCD is a CD player sold by Apple Computer in 1993 and discontinued several years later.
PowerPC (with the backronym Performance Optimization With Enhanced RISC – Performance Computing, sometimes abbreviated as PPC) is a reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM.
PowerPC Reference Platform (PReP) was a standard system architecture for PowerPC-based computer systems (as well as a reference implementation) developed at the same time as the PowerPC processor architecture.
The President of the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Cumhurbaşkanı) is the head of state of the Republic of Turkey.
PRISM is a code name for a program under which the United States National Security Agency (NSA) collects internet communications from various U.S. internet companies.
Product Red, stylized as (PRODUCT)RED™, is a licensed brand owned by RED that seeks to engage the private sector in raising awareness and funds to help eliminate HIV/AIDS in eight African countries.
Profit margin, net margin, net profit margin or net profit ratio is a measure of profitability.
A programming language is a formal language that specifies a set of instructions that can be used to produce various kinds of output.
A public company, publicly traded company, publicly held company, publicly listed company, or public corporation is a corporation whose ownership is dispersed among the general public in many shares of stock which are freely traded on a stock exchange or in over the counter markets.
Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing the spread of information between an individual or an organization (such as a business, government agency, or a nonprofit organization) and the public.
Purch Group, Inc. formerly known as TechMediaNetworks, Inc.
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
Recode (formerly Re/code) is a technology news website that focuses on the business of Silicon Valley.
Recycling is the process of converting waste materials into new materials and objects.
Refurbishment is the distribution of products, usually electronics and electricals, that have been previously returned to a manufacturer or vendor for various reasons.
Renewable energy is energy that is collected from renewable resources, which are naturally replenished on a human timescale, such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat.
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
In financial accounting, reserve is any part of shareholders' equity, except for basic share capital.
Retina Display (marketed by Apple with a lowercase 'D' as Retina display) is a brand name used by Apple for its series of IPS panel and OLED displays that have a higher pixel density than traditional Apple displays.
Reuse is the action or practice of using something again, whether for its original purpose (conventional reuse) or to fulfil a different function (creative reuse or repurposing).
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
The Revenue Commissioners (Na Coimisinéirí Ioncaim), usually referred to simply as Revenue, is the Irish Government agency responsible for customs, excise, taxation and related matters.
Richard Page is an alumnus of Apple Inc.
Sir Ridley Scott (born 30 November 1937) is an English film director and producer.
Rob Janoff is a graphic designer of corporate logos and identities, printed advertisements and television commercials.
Robin McLaurin Williams (July 21, 1951 – August 11, 2014) was an American actor and comedian.
Frederick Rodney "Rod" HoltMoritz, Michael, The Little Kingdom, ebook (born 1934) is an American computer engineer and political activist.
Ron Johnson (born October 15, 1959) is the former chief executive officer of J. C. Penney.
Ronald Wayne (born May 17, 1934) is an American retired electronics industry worker.
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an activist in the civil rights movement best known for her pivotal role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
The S&P 100 Index is a stock market index of United States stocks maintained by Standard & Poor's.
The Standard & Poor's 500, often abbreviated as the S&P 500, or just the S&P, is an American stock market index based on the market capitalizations of 500 large companies having common stock listed on the NYSE or NASDAQ.
Safari is a web browser developed by Apple based on the WebKit engine.
Samsung is a South Korean multinational conglomerate headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul.
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (Korean: 삼성전자; Hanja: 三星電子 (Literally "tristar electronics")) is a South Korean multinational electronics company headquartered in Suwon, South Korea. Through having an extremely complicated ownership structure with some circular ownership, it is the flagship company of the Samsung Group, accounting for 70% of the group's revenue in 2012. Samsung Electronics has assembly plants and sales networks in 80 countries and employs around 308,745 people. It is the world's largest information technology company, consumer electronics maker and chipmaker by revenue. As of October 2017, Samsung Electronics' market cap stood at US$372.0 billion. Samsung has long been a major manufacturer of electronic components such as lithium-ion batteries, semiconductors, chips, flash memory and hard drive devices for clients such as Apple, Sony, HTC and Nokia. It is the world's largest manufacturer of mobile phones and smartphones, started with the original Samsung Solstice and later fueled by the popularity of its Samsung Galaxy line of devices. The company is also a major vendor of tablet computers, particularly its Android-powered Samsung Galaxy Tab collection, and is generally regarded as pioneering the phablet market through the Samsung Galaxy Note family of devices. Samsung has been the world's largest television manufacturer since 2006, and the world's largest manufacturer of mobile phones since 2011. It is also the world's largest memory chips manufacturer. In July 2017, Samsung Electronics overtook Intel as the largest semiconductor chip maker in the world. Samsung, like many other South Korean family-run chaebols, has been criticized for low dividend payouts and other governance practices that favor controlling shareholders at the expense of ordinary investors. In 2012, Kwon Oh-hyun was appointed the company's CEO but announced in October 2017 that he would resign in March 2018, citing an "unprecedented crisis".
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
Scott Forstall (born 1969) is an American software engineer, best known for leading the original software development team for the iPhone and iPad, and Broadway producer, best known for co-producing the Tony award-winning Fun Home and Eclipsed with his wife.
Secrecy (also called clandestinity or furtiveness) is the practice of hiding information from certain individuals or groups who do not have the "need to know", perhaps while sharing it with other individuals.
A semiconductor material has an electrical conductivity value falling between that of a conductor – such as copper, gold etc.
Shake is a discontinued image compositing package used in the post-production industry developed by Apple Inc. Shake was widely used in visual effects and digital compositing for film, video and commercials.
A shareholder or stockholder is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.
Shazam is an application developed by Shazam Entertainment Ltd.
A shell company is a company that exists only on paper and has no office and no employees, but may have a bank account or may hold passive investments or be the registered owner of assets, such as intellectual property, or ships.
Sichuan, formerly romanized as Szechuan or Szechwan, is a province in southwest China occupying most of the Sichuan Basin and the easternmost part of the Tibetan Plateau between the Jinsha River on the west, the Daba Mountains in the north, and the Yungui Plateau to the south.
Silicon Valley (abbreviated as SV) is a region in the southern San Francisco Bay Area of Northern California, referring to the Santa Clara Valley, which serves as the global center for high technology, venture capital, innovation, and social media.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Siri (pronounced) is a virtual assistant part of Apple Inc.'s iOS, watchOS, macOS, and tvOS operating systems.
The Siri Remote is a remote control device released in tandem with the fourth generation Apple TV at an Apple Keynote Address by CEO Tim Cook on October 26, 2015 by Apple Inc. It is designed specifically to work with the always-on Siri capable Apple TV.
A smart speaker is a type of wireless speaker and voice command device with an integrated virtual assistant (artificial intelligence) that offers interactive actions and handsfree activation with the help of one "hot word" (or several "hot words").
A smartphone is a handheld personal computer with a mobile operating system and an integrated mobile broadband cellular network connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication; most, if not all, smartphones also support Wi-Fi.
A smartwatch is a touchscreen wearable computer in the form of a wristwatch.
Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.
Solar energy is radiant light and heat from the Sun that is harnessed using a range of ever-evolving technologies such as solar heating, photovoltaics, solar thermal energy, solar architecture, molten salt power plants and artificial photosynthesis.
Solar power is the conversion of energy from sunlight into electricity, either directly using photovoltaics (PV), indirectly using concentrated solar power, or a combination.
Something Ventured is a 2011 documentary film investigating the emergence of American venture capitalism in the mid-20th Century.
Sonos is an American consumer electronics company founded in 2002 by John MacFarlane, Craig Shelburne, Tom Cullen and Trung Mai, based in Santa Barbara, California.
The SPDR S&P 500 trust is an exchange-traded fund which trades on the NYSE Arca under the symbol.
A spreadsheet is an interactive computer application for organization, analysis and storage of data in tabular form.
In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox from French inoxydable (inoxidizable), is a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass.
State Street Corporation is a financial services and bank holding company headquartered at One Lincoln Street in Boston with operations worldwide.
Statista is an online statistics, market research and business intelligence portal.
Steve Capps is an American computer programmer, who was one of the designers of the original Apple Macintosh computer.
Steven Paul Jobs (February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011) was an American entrepreneur and business magnate.
Stephen Gary Wozniak (born on August 11, 1950), often referred to by the nickname Woz, is an American inventor, electronics engineer, programmer, philanthropist, and technology entrepreneur who co-founded Apple Computer, Inc.
Stockley Park is a business estate in the parish of Harlington, located between Hayes and West Drayton in the London Borough of Hillingdon.
A storage area network (SAN) is a Computer network which provides access to consolidated, block level data storage.
A store-within-a-store, also referred to as shop-in-shop, is an agreement in which a retailer rents a part of the retail space to be used by a different company to run another, independent shop.
Streaming media is multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a provider.
Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one's own death.
Sun Microsystems, Inc. was an American company that sold computers, computer components, software, and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System (NFS), and SPARC.
Sunnyvale is a city located in Santa Clara County, California.
Super Bowl XVIII was an American football game between the National Football Conference (NFC) champion Washington Redskins and the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Los Angeles Raiders to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 1983 season.
Sustainable metrics and indices are measures of sustainability, and attempt to quantify beyond the generic concept.
Sweatshop (or sweat factory) is a pejorative term for a workplace that has very poor, socially unacceptable working conditions.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
System 7 (codenamed "Big Bang" and sometimes retrospectively called Mac OS 7) is a graphical user interface-based operating system for Macintosh computers and is part of the classic Mac OS series of operating systems.
A tablet computer, commonly shortened to tablet, is a portable personal computer, typically with a mobile operating system and LCD touchscreen display processing circuitry, and a rechargeable battery in a single thin, flat package.
Taligent (a portmanteau of talent and intelligent)"", The Register, 3 October 2008 is the name of an object-oriented operating system, and the company that was dedicated to producing it.
Tandy Corporation was an American family-owned leather goods company based in Fort Worth, Texas.
Tax law is an area of legal study dealing with the constitutional, common-law, statutory, tax treaty, and regulatory rules that constitute the law applicable to taxation.
In a tax system, the tax rate is the ratio (usually expressed as a percentage) at which a business or person is taxed.
TechCrunch is an American online publisher of technology industry news founded in 2005 by Archimedes Ventures whose partners were Michael Arrington and Keith Teare.
A technology company (often tech company) is a type of business entity that focuses primarily on the development and manufacturing of technology.
A technology evangelist is a person who builds a critical mass of support for a given technology, and then establishes it as a technical standard in a market that is subject to network effects.
TechRadar is an online publication focused on technology, with editorial teams in the US, UK, Australia and India.
The Telegraph Media Group (TMG, previously the Telegraph Group) is the proprietor of The Daily Telegraph and The Sunday Telegraph.
Tesla, Inc. (formerly Tesla Motors) was founded in 2003, and is an American multinational corporation based in Palo Alto, California, that specializes in electric vehicles, lithium-ion battery energy storage and solar panel manufacturing (through the subsidiary company SolarCity).
Texture (previously known as Next Issue) is a digital magazine app launched in 2012.
The Bank of New York Mellon Corporation, which does business as BNY Mellon, is an American worldwide banking and financial services holding company headquartered in New York City.
The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960.
The Coca-Cola Company is an American corporation, and manufacturer, retailer, and marketer of nonalcoholic beverage concentrates and syrups.
The Conservation Fund is an American environmental non-profit with a dual charter to pursue environmental preservation and economic development.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Economic Times is an English-language, Indian daily newspaper published by the Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd..
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Globe and Mail is a Canadian newspaper printed in five cities in western and central Canada.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Mail on Sunday is a British conservative newspaper, published in a tabloid format.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Outline is a New York-based digital media company focused on power, culture and the future.
The Register (nicknamed El Reg) is a British technology news and opinion website co-founded in 1994 by Mike Magee, John Lettice and Ross Alderson.
The Sydney Morning Herald (SMH) is a daily compact newspaper published by Fairfax Media in Sydney, Australia.
The Times Group is India’s largest media conglomerate, according to Financial Times as of March 2015.
The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.
The Vanguard Group is an American registered investment advisor based in Malvern, Pennsylvania with over $5.1 trillion in assets under management.
The Verge is an American technology news and media network operated by Vox Media.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The Woodbridge Company Limited is a Canadian private holding company based in Toronto, and the principal and controlling shareholder (62.35%) of Thomson Reuters.
"Think different." was an advertising slogan for Apple, Inc. (then Apple Computer, Inc.) in 1997 created by the Los Angeles office of advertising agency TBWA Chiat/Day.
Timothy Donald Cook (born November 1, 1960) is an American business executive and industrial engineer.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Time Inc. was an American worldwide mass media corporation founded on November 28, 1922 by Henry Luce and Briton Hadden and based in New York City.
Titanium is a chemical element with symbol Ti and atomic number 22.
, commonly known as Toshiba, is a Japanese multinational conglomerate headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
A touchpad or trackpad is a pointing device featuring a tactile sensor, a specialized surface that can translate the motion and position of a user's fingers to a relative position on the operating system that is made output to the screen.
The TRS-80 Micro Computer System (TRS-80, later renamed the Model I to distinguish it from successors) is a desktop microcomputer launched in 1977 and sold by Tandy Corporation through their Radio Shack stores.
Truthout is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit, progressive news and commentary website.
TsUM — Central Universal Department Store (r) is one of the most renowned high end department stores in Moscow.
TV Guide is a bi-weekly American magazine that provides television program listings information as well as television-related news, celebrity interviews and gossip, film reviews, crossword puzzles, and, in some issues, horoscopes.
tvOS is an operating system developed by Apple Inc. for the fourth-generation and later Apple TV digital media player.
A tweeter or treble speaker is a special type of loudspeaker (usually dome or horn-type) that is designed to produce high audio frequencies, typically from around 2,000 Hz to 20,000 Hz (generally considered to be the upper limit of human hearing).
Twitter is an online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets".
Typhoon Haiyan, known as Super Typhoon Yolanda in the Philippines, was one of the strongest tropical cyclones ever recorded.
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is an independent agency of the United States federal government.
Uber Technologies Inc. (doing business as Uber) is a peer-to-peer ridesharing, taxi cab, food delivery, and transportation network company headquartered in San Francisco, California, with operations in 633 cities worldwide.
UL is a global safety consulting and certification company headquartered in Northbrook, Illinois.
Union Square is a public plaza bordered by Geary, Powell, Post and Stockton Streets in downtown San Francisco, California.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.
The United States debt-ceiling crisis of 2011 was a stage in the ongoing political debate in the United States Congress about the appropriate level of government spending and its effect on the national debt and deficit.
The Department of the Treasury (USDT) is an executive department and the treasury of the United States federal government.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
The United States International Trade Commission (USITC, sometimes I.T.C.) is an independent, bipartisan, quasi-judicial, federal agency of the United States that provides trade expertise to both the legislative and executive branches.
The United States Secret Service (also USSS or Secret Service) is a federal law enforcement agency under the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, charged with conducting criminal investigations and protecting the nation's leaders.
The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the US state of California.
Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
VentureBeat is an American technology website.
Cellco Partnership, d/b/a Verizon Wireless (commonly shortened to Verizon, and stylized as verizon), is an American telecommunications company which offers wireless products and services.
Video Graphics Array (VGA) is the display hardware first introduced with the IBM PS/2 line of computers in 1987, following CGA and EGA introduced in earlier IBM personal computers.
Videotelephony comprises the technologies for the reception and transmission of audio-video signals by users at different locations, for communication between people in real-time.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
A virtual assistant is a software agent that can perform tasks or services for an individual.
VisiCalc (for "visible calculator") was the first spreadsheet computer program for personal computers, originally released for the Apple II by VisiCorp.
Vox Media is an American digital media company founded on July 14, 2005 as SportsBlogs Inc.
Walkman is a Sony brand tradename, originally used for portable audio cassette players from the late 1970s onwards.
watchOS is the mobile operating system of the Apple Watch, developed by Apple Inc. It is based on the iOS operating system and has many similar features.
The watt (symbol: W) is a unit of power.
The West Coast Computer Faire was an annual computer industry conference and exposition most often associated with San Francisco, its first and most frequent venue.
Wi-Fi or WiFi is technology for radio wireless local area networking of devices based on the IEEE 802.11 standards.
William Vincent "Bill" Campbell Jr. (August 31, 1940 – April 18, 2016) was an American businessman and chairman of the board of trustees of Columbia University and chairman of the board of Intuit Inc. He was VP of Marketing and board director for Apple Inc. and CEO for Claris, Intuit, and GO Corporation.
Windows Vista (codenamed Longhorn) is an operating system by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs and media center PCs.
Windows XP (codenamed Whistler) is a personal computer operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
A woofer or bass speaker is a technical term for loudspeaker driver designed to produce low frequency sounds, typically from 40 Hz up to 500 Hz.
A workstation is a special computer designed for technical or scientific applications.
The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961, working in the field of the wilderness preservation, and the reduction of human impact on the environment.
Xcode is an integrated development environment (IDE) for macOS containing a suite of software development tools developed by Apple for developing software for macOS, iOS, watchOS, and tvOS.
Xerox Corporation (also known as Xerox, stylized as xerox since 2008, and previously as XEROX or XeroX from 1960 to 2008) is an American global corporation that sells print and digital document solutions, and document technology products in more than 160 countries.
The Xerox Alto is the first computer designed from its inception to support an operating system based on a graphical user interface (GUI), later using the desktop metaphor.
Xsan is Apple Inc.'s storage area network (SAN) or clustered file system for macOS.
Yael Naïm (יעל נעים, born 6 February 1978 in Paris, France), is an Israeli-French singer-songwriter.
Yahoo! Tech is a technology news web site operated by Yahoo!.
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California.
Yves Saint Laurent SAS (YSL), also known as Saint Laurent, is a French luxury fashion house founded by Yves Saint Laurent and his partner, Pierre Bergé.
ZDNet is a business technology news website published by CBS Interactive, along with TechRepublic.
Ziff Davis, LLC is an American publisher and Internet company.
"1234" is a song from Feist's third studio album, The Reminder.
"1984" is an American television commercial that introduced the Apple Macintosh personal computer.
The 2007 Nobel Peace Prize was shared, in two equal parts, between the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and Al Gore "for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change".
The 2010 Haiti earthquake (Séisme de 2010 à Haïti; Tranblemanntè 12 janvye 2010 nan peyi Ayiti) was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake, with an epicenter near the town of Léogâne (Ouest), approximately west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti's capital.
The was a magnitude 9.0–9.1 (Mw) undersea megathrust earthquake off the coast of Japan that occurred at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC) on Friday 11 March 2011, with the epicentre approximately east of the Oshika Peninsula of Tōhoku and the hypocenter at an underwater depth of approximately.
The 2017 Central Mexico earthquake struck at 13:14 CDT (18:14 UTC) on 19 September 2017 with an estimated magnitude of and strong shaking for about 20 seconds.
2G (or 2-G) is short for second-generation cellular technology.
3G, short for third generation, is the third generation of wireless mobile telecommunications technology.
4K resolution, also called 4K, refers to a horizontal screen display resolution in the order of 4,000 pixels.
720p (1280×720 px; also called HD Ready or standard HD) is a progressive HDTV signal format with 720 horizontal lines and an aspect ratio (AR) of 16:9, normally known as widescreen HDTV (1.78:1).
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