775 relations: A. H. Halsey, A.W. (musician), Aaron Lewis, Abdul Hamid II, Abdul Salam Arif, Academy Award for Best Actor, Afghanistan, African Americans, Akeem Adams, Al Green, Alan Clark, Alan Cooley, Alan Devonshire, Alan Jones (radio broadcaster), Alan Watt (diplomat), Alexander Mitchell (engineer), Alexander Roda Roda, Alfred Karindi, Alfred Mosher Butts, Algo Kärp, Ali Boumnijel, Allen Dulles, Allison Williams (actress), American Atheists, American Civil War, American Revolutionary War, Amritsar, Amy Goodman, Anastasija Sevastova, Anders Lindegaard, Anderson (footballer, born 1988), Angus Lewis Macdonald, Anita Cerquetti, Anna Jennings-Edquist, Annie Jump Cannon, Anton Uesson, Antonino Rocca, Antonio Meucci, Apollo 13, Apollo Command/Service Module, April 13 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics), April 14, ARCO, Arron Asham, Art Bell, Arthur Fadden, Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Torrington, Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, Ángelo Henríquez, Barbara Roche, ..., Baron Davis, Bartolomeo Ammannati, Battle of An Lộc, Battle of Bound Brook, Beginner Books, Ben Nighthorse Campbell, Bill Baker (baseball), Bill Clements, Bill Conti, Billy Kidd, Bo Outlaw, Bob Casey Jr., Bob Kalsu, Boris Godunov, Brainwashing, Brandon Hardesty, Bretons, Bruce Dyer, Bruce Snyder, Bruno Bauer, Bryant Bowles, Bud Freeman, Buganda, Bus massacre, Butch Cassidy, Byzantine Empire, Calendar of saints, Carles Puyol, Carlo Carrà, Caroline Rhea, Caron Keating, Catherine de' Medici, Catholic Church in the United Kingdom, Cécile Chaminade, Cecil Chaudhry, Central Intelligence Agency, Chamber of Commerce of the State of New York, Charles Burnett (director), Charles Christie, Charles Leslie (nonjuror), Chi Cheng (musician), Chicago Board of Trade Building, Chicago flood, Chicago Loop, Chicago Mercantile Exchange, China, Christie Film Company, Christina of Holstein-Gottorp, Christopher Hitchens, Circle Repertory Company, Claude Cheysson, Claudio Bravo, Coast to Coast AM, Col Joye, Colfax massacre, Colleen Clinkenbeard, Conscription in the United States, Constantinople, Culbert Olson, Dadasaheb Torne, Dan Gurney, Dan Rooney, Dana Barros, Danie Mellor, Dany Laferrière, Darren Turner, Dave Albritton, David Drew (politician), David Robinson (philanthropist), David S. Smith, David Zdrilic, Davis Love III, Dean Drummond, Denis Kudryavtsev, Deputy First Minister of Scotland, Deputy Prime Minister of the Cook Islands, Desmond Titterington, Diplomacy, Dirk Muschiol, Domnall mac Ailpín, Don Adams, Don Blasingame, Dong Dong, Dorothy Frooks, Drago Jančar, Dublin, Ecuador, Ed Caruthers, Eduard van Beinum, Eduardo Galeano, Edward Bruce (New Deal), Edward Fox (actor), Eleanor of England, Countess of Leicester, Ellie Lambeti, Elvis Merzļikins, Emil Nolde, Ernesto Laclau, Ernst Cassirer, Eudora Welty, Eugene V. Debs, F. W. Woolworth Company, Fakhr-al-Din II, Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile, Félicien David, Federal Reserve Note, Feminism, Feza Gürsey, Finland, First Bulgarian Empire, Forbes Smiley, Fort Sumter, Fourth Crusade, François Tombalbaye, Franck Esposito, Franco Arese, Frank Doran (British politician), Frank Murphy, Frank Winfield Woolworth, Franz Danzi, Fred Barnett (English footballer), Fred Enke (American football), Frederick North, Lord North, Frenchy Bordagaray, Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, Gabrielle Gourdeau, Ganryū-jima, Gardelegen, Gardelegen massacre, Garry Kasparov, Günter Grass, GBU-43/B MOAB, Gemma Doyle (politician), Georg Voigt (politician), George Frideric Handel, George Washington Glick, Georges Duhamel, Geosynchronous satellite, Gerald Calabrese, Gerry Creaney, Gerry Hitchens, Gianni Marzotto, Giorgio Bassani, Glenn Howerton, Golf, Gordon S. Fahrni, Governor of California, Governor of Minnesota, Governor of New Hampshire, Governor of North Carolina, Grand Prix motor racing, Gréta Arn, Grey Owl, Gunpowder Plot, Guy Fawkes, Guy of Thouars, György Lukács, Hadassah Medical Center, Hadassah medical convoy massacre, Harold Osborn, Harold Stassen, Head of State of Estonia, Heinz Baas, Hendrik van Rheede, Henk Sneevliet, Henri, Duke of Rohan, Henricus, Henry De la Beche, Henry II of France, Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor, Herb Trimpe, Herbert I, Count of Maine, Herbert Yardley, Hermenegild, Hillel Slovak, Hiro Yamamoto, Holy Roman Emperor, Howard Keel, Hugh of Italy, Hughes Aircraft Company, Hungarian Declaration of Independence, Hunter Pence, Ico Hitrec, Ida of Lorraine, Ida of Louvain, International Tchaikovsky Competition, Isaac Low, J. M. G. Le Clézio, Jack Casady, Jack Chambers (artist), Jack Chick, Jacques Lacan, Jallianwala Bagh massacre, James Ensor, James Iredell Jr., James Service, Jarmo Ahjupera, Jasey-Jay Anderson, Jason Maguire, Jean de La Fontaine, Jean Gascon, Jean Pierre Flourens, Jean-Jacques Laffont, Jean-Louis Lévesque, Jean-Marc Reiser, Jeanne Guyon, Jefferson Airplane, Jefferson Memorial, Jefferson's Birthday, Jim McNab, Jimmy Destri, Joachim Streich, John A. Bennett, John Archibald Wheeler, John Braine, John Cameron (footballer, born 1872), John Humphrey Noyes, John McLane, John Muckler, John Robertson (congressman), John Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough, John Swinney, John T. Biggers, John Tiptoft, 2nd Baron Tibetot, John W. Davis, John Weston (diplomat), Johnnie Johnson (musician), Joie Ray (athlete), Jon Stone, Jonathan Brandis, Jonjo O'Neill, Joseph Lightfoot, Josephine Butler, Josh Gordon, Josh Reynolds, Juan Montalvo, Judy Nunn, Juhan Kukk, Juhan Smuul, Julius Nyerere, Kataeb Party, Katyn massacre, Kermit Tyler, Keydrick Vincent, Kingdom of Bulgaria, Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire), Klaus Lehnertz, Konstantinos Demertzis, Krum, Lajos Kossuth, Lanford Wilson, Lapua Cartridge Factory explosion, Larry Parks, Laurent de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, Lavr Kornilov, Lý Nam Đế, Leadership of East Germany, Lebanese Civil War, Leila Mackinlay, Len Cook, Leopold Fitzinger, Leopold Gmelin, Lester Chambers, Leszek Borysiewicz, Liam Cosgrave, Lilies of the Field (1963 film), Lin Yang-kang, List of ambassadors of Australia to Japan, List of ambassadors of the United States to Lebanon, List of ambassadors of the United States to Sweden, List of Governors of Kansas, List of heads of state of Chad, List of mayors of Hamburg, List of mayors of Tallinn, List of Russian rulers, List of vice premiers of the Republic of China, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Lorenzo Cain, Lothair II of Italy, Lou Bega, Louis II, Duke of Bavaria, Louis Johnson (bassist), Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, Louis-Ernest Barrias, Lowell George, Lupe Pintor, Lyn Brown, Macau, Madalyn Murray O'Hair, Marc Ford, March Engineering, Margaret III, Countess of Flanders, Marguerite Henry, Margus Tsahkna, Marilynn Smith, Mariusz Czerkawski, Mark Fidrych, Markus Höttinger, Mass grave, Massacre, Massimiliano Pesenti, Masters Tournament, Maurice Buckley, Maurice Ronet, Maurice Sauvé, Mauritians, Max Mosley, Max Weinberg, Mayor of Frankfurt-am-Main, Meghann Shaughnessy, Messiah (Handel), Metropolitan Museum of Art, Michael Bingham, Michael Eisen, Michael Ruppert, Michael Stuart Brown, Michel Brière, Mike Beuttler, Mike Chapman, Mikhail Shufutinsky, Military of the Ottoman Empire, Minister of State for Immigration, Minister of State for Trade, Minister of the Armed Forces (France), Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, Ministry of National Defense (Chile), Miyamoto Musashi, Monty Brown, Moon, Muriel Spark, Muwenda Mutebi II of Buganda, Nam Hae-il, Nangarhar Province, NASA, Nastassia Mironchyk-Ivanova, Nat Borchers, National Association for the Advancement of White People, Nazi Germany, Nella Larsen, Nellie McKay, Nera White, New Jersey, Nick Garrett (bass-baritone), Nicolas Chamfort, Nicole Berger, Nicole Cooke, Nino Sanzogno, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Olaf Ludwig, Ole von Beust, Olga Tañón, Olsen Brothers, Oneida Community, Oratorio, Orhan Veli Kanık, Orlando Letelier, Ortvin Sarapu, Oswald Bruce Cooper, Ottoman countercoup of 1909, Oxygen, Passapatanzy, Virginia, Patricio Pouchulu, Patrick de Gayardon, Patrik Eliáš, Paul Sorvino, Paul the Deacon, Peabo Bryson, Peter Davison, Peter Faber, Petteri Koponen, Philip Norman (author), Philip Pavia, Philippe de Rothschild, Philippe Volter, Phyllis Fraser, Picts, Pierre Gaspard Chaumette, Pierre Jélyotte, Pierre Molinier, Pierre Rosenberg, Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy, Pocahontas, Poland, Polish government-in-exile, Pope Martin I, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, Possum Bourne, Powhatan (Native American leader), Premier of Nova Scotia, Premier of Victoria, President of Iraq, President of Tanzania, President of the United States, Prime Minister of Australia, Prime Minister of Greece, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Prisoner of war, Project MKUltra, Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, Quentin Richardson, Radar, Rae Armantrout, Rae Johnstone, Raemon Sluiter, Rafał Sznajder, Raleigh, North Carolina, Ralph Kirkpatrick, Ray Lyman Wilbur, Reform movement, Remembrance days in Slovakia, Ricardo Rincón, Ricardo Zunino, Richard Montagu, Richard Trevithick, Ricky Schroder, Robert Abbe, Robert Enrico, Robert Fortune, Robert Orville Anderson, Robert Scholl, Robert Watson-Watt, Robert Wigmore, Roberto Calvi, Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy, Roland Gaucher, Roman Catholic Relief Act 1829, Ron Perlman, Ronnie Carroll, Rosemary Haughton, Ruby Puryear Hearn, Rudi Völler, Ryan Bailey (sprinter), Sam Bush, Samuel Argall, Samuel Beckett, Samuel J. Randall, Samuel Jones (athlete), Sasaki Kojirō, Satellite navigation, Saundra Santiago, Schalk Burger, Scrabble, Screw-pile lighthouse, Seamus Heaney, Secretary of State for Transport, Sergei Gonchar, Shūichi Higurashi, Sheikh Jarrah, Sidney Poitier, Simon I, Duke of Lorraine, Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet, Slovakia, Society of Jesus, Solicitor General of the United States, Sorcha Boru, South and Southeast Asian solar New Year, Soviet Union, Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, Stanislaw Ulam, Stanley Donen, Stanley Tanger, Stephen Byers, Stephen Dodgson, Steve Camp, Susan Davis (politician), Szilveszter Csollány, Taiwan, Takuboku Ishikawa, Tanger Factory Outlet Centers, Taoiseach, Tatiana Navka, Ted Washington, Tewodros II, The Chambers Brothers, Thelma Coyne Long, Theodore Stephanides, Thomas D'Arcy McGee, Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Lawrence, Thomas Percy (bishop of Dromore), Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford, Tiger Woods, Tim Krabbé, Tommy Raudonikis, Tony Dow, Tony Lundon, Tony Wroten, Transit (satellite), Ulises Dávila, United States, United States Attorney General, United States Bicentennial, United States Department of the Treasury, United States Deputy Secretary of Defense, United States Secretary of the Interior, United States two-dollar bill, Universal Postal Union, Valensia, Valentina Cervi, Valve Pormeister, Van Cliburn, Vean Gregg, Victoria Cross, Vienna Offensive, Vietnam War, Vincent Montana Jr., Visigoths, Vladimir Cosma, Vladislav Yegin, Voldemar Väli, Vsevolod I of Kiev, Wallace Stegner, Wayne Purser, Werner Voss, Westar 1, Western Union, Whitley Stokes, Willi Stoph, William Alexander (bishop), William B. Buffum, William Quan Judge, William Quiller Orchardson, William Twaits (soccer), World War I, World War II, Yves Landry, 1035, 1040, 1093, 1111, 1113, 1138, 1204, 1213, 1229, 1275, 1350, 1367, 1506, 1519, 1570, 1573, 1592, 1593, 1605, 1612, 1613, 1618, 1635, 1636, 1638, 1641, 1648, 1695, 1713, 1716, 1722, 1729, 1732, 1735, 1742, 1743, 1747, 1764, 1769, 1771, 1777, 1780, 1784, 1787, 1793, 1794, 1802, 1808, 1810, 1824, 1825, 1826, 1828, 1829, 1832, 1841, 1849, 1850, 1851, 1852, 1853, 1855, 1860, 1861, 1865, 1866, 1868, 1870, 1872, 1873, 1875, 1879, 1880, 1882, 1885, 1886, 1887, 1889, 1890, 1891, 1892, 1894, 1896, 1897, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1902, 1904, 1905, 1906, 1907, 1909, 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1920, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2017 Nangarhar airstrike, 2018, 31 March Incident, 36th Academy Awards, 548, 585, 799, 814, 862, 945. Expand index (725 more) » « Shrink index
Albert Henry 'Chelly' Halsey (13 April 1923 – 14 October 2014) was a British sociologist.
A.W. Weiss (born Allison Amling Weiss, April 13, 1987) is a Los Angeles-based indie pop singer, songwriter and performer who makes music under the moniker of A.W. They have released two full-length albums and several EPs.
Aaron Lewis (born April 13, 1972) is an American singer, songwriter and musician, who is the lead vocalist, rhythm guitarist and founding member of the alternative metal band Staind, with whom he released seven studio albums.
Abdul Hamid II (عبد الحميد ثانی, `Abdü’l-Ḥamīd-i sânî; İkinci Abdülhamit; 21 September 184210 February 1918) was the 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and the last Sultan to exert effective control over the fracturing state.
‘Abd ul-Salam Mohammed ‘Arif Aljumaily (عبد السلام محمد عارف الجميلي) (21 March 1921 – 13 April 1966) was President of Iraq from 1963 until his death in 1966.
The Academy Award for Best Actor is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Akeem Elijah Adams (13 April 1991 – 30 December 2013) was a Trinidadian international footballer who played as a defender.
Albert Leornes Greene (born April 13, 1946), often known as The Reverend Al Green, is an African American singer, songwriter and record producer, best known for recording a series of soul hit singles in the early 1970s, including "Take Me to the River", "Tired of Being Alone", "I'm Still in Love with You", "Love and Happiness", and his signature song, "Let's Stay Together".
Alan Kenneth Mackenzie Clark (13 April 1928 – 5 September 1999) was a British Conservative Member of Parliament (MP), author and diarist.
Sir Alan Sydenham Cooley, (17 September 1920 – 13 April 1997) was a senior Australian Public Service official and policymaker.
Alan Ernest Devonshire (born 13 April 1956) is an English former professional footballer who is the current manager of Maidenhead United.
Alan Belford Jones AO (born 13 April 1941, or possibly 1942 or 1943) is an Australian radio broadcaster.
Sir Alan Stewart Watt (13 April 1901 – 18 September 1988) was a distinguished Australian diplomat.
Alexander Mitchell, (13 April 1780 – 25 June 1868) was an Irish engineer who from 1802 was blind.
Alexander Roda Roda (born Šandor Friedrich Rosenfeld; April 13, 1872 – August 20, 1945) was an Austrian writer.
Alfred Karindi (30 May 1901 - 13 April 1969) was an Estonian organist and composer.
Alfred Mosher Butts (April 13, 1899 – April 4, 1993) was an American architect, famous for inventing the board game Scrabble in 1938.
Algo Kärp (born April 13, 1985 in Tarvastu, Viljandi County) is an Estonian cross-country skier.
Ali Boumnijel (علي بومنيجل, born 13 April 1966 in Menzel Jemil) is a Tunisian football goalkeeper currently working for Étoile du Sahel as assistant coach.
Allen Welsh Dulles (April 7, 1893 – January 29, 1969) was an American diplomat and lawyer who became the first civilian Director of Central Intelligence (DCI), and its longest-serving director to date.
Allison Howell Williams (born April 13, 1988) is an American actress, comedian, and singer.
American Atheists is a non-profit activist organization in the United States dedicated to defending the civil liberties of atheists and advocating complete separation of church and state.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
Amritsar, historically also known as Rāmdāspur and colloquially as Ambarsar, is a city in north-western India which is the administrative headquarters of the Amritsar district - located in the Majha region of the Indian state of Punjab.
Amy Goodman is an American broadcast journalist, syndicated columnist, investigative reporter, and author.
Anastasija Sevastova (born 13 April 1990) is a professional tennis player from Latvia.
Anders Rozenkrantz Lindegaard (born 13 April 1984) is a Danish footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for English club Burnley and the Denmark national team.
Anderson Luís de Abreu Oliveira (born 13 April 1988), commonly known as Anderson, is a Brazilian footballer who plays as a midfielder.
Angus Lewis Macdonald (August 10, 1890 – April 13, 1954), popularly known as 'Angus L.', was a Canadian lawyer, law professor and politician from Nova Scotia.
Anita Cerquetti (13 April 193111 October 2014) was an Italian dramatic soprano who had a short but meteoric career in the 1950s.
Anna Jennings-Edquist (born 13 April 1985) is an Australian lawyer, journalist, actress, playwright and director in both theatre and television.
Annie Jump Cannon (December 11, 1863 – April 13, 1941) was an American astronomer whose cataloging work was instrumental in the development of contemporary stellar classification.
Anton Uesson (12 January 1879 – 13 April 1942)Mati Unt and Eric Dickens: Brecht at Night.
Antonino Rocca (born Antonino Biasetton, 13 April 1921 – 15 March 1977) was an Italian Argentinian professional wrestler.
Antonio Santi Giuseppe Meucci (13 April 1808 – 18 October 1889) was an Italian inventor and an associate of Giuseppe Garibaldi (a major political figure in the history of Italy).
Apollo 13 was the seventh manned mission in the Apollo space program and the third intended to land on the Moon.
The Command/Service Module (CSM) was one of the two United States '''Apollo''' spacecraft, used for the Apollo program which landed astronauts on the Moon between 1969 and 1972.
April 12 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - April 14 All fixed commemorations below are observed on April 26 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.
Atlantic Richfield Company (ARCO, pronounced ar-kouh) is an American oil company with operations in the United States, Indonesia, the North Sea, the South China Sea and Mexico.
Arron Miles Asham (born April 13, 1978) is a Canadian former professional ice hockey player who played 15 seasons in the National Hockey League (NHL).
Arthur William Bell III (June 17, 1945 – April 13, 2018) was an American broadcaster and author.
Sir Arthur William Fadden, (13 April 189421 April 1973) was an Australian politician who served as Prime Minister of Australia from 29 August to 7 October 1941.
Admiral Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Torrington (c. 1648 – 13 April 1716) was an English admiral and politician.
Arthur Matthew Weld Downing FRAS (13 April 1850 – 8 December 1917) was an Irish mathematician and astronomer.
Ángelo José Henríquez Iturra (born 13 April 1994) is a Chilean footballer who plays as a striker for Mexican club Atlas.
Barbara Maureen Roche (née Margolis; born 13 April 1954) is a British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Hornsey and Wood Green from 1992 until 2005, when she lost the seat, despite having previously enjoyed a majority of over 20,000.
Baron Walter Louis Davis (born April 13, 1979) is an American former professional basketball player.
Bartolomeo Ammannati (18 June 151113 April 1592) was an Italian architect and sculptor, born at Settignano, near Florence.
The Battle of An Lộc was a major battle of the Vietnam War that lasted for 66 days and culminated in a decisive victory for South Vietnam.
The Battle of Bound Brook (April 13, 1777) was a surprise attack conducted by British and Hessian forces against a Continental Army outpost at Bound Brook, New Jersey during the American Revolutionary War.
Beginner Books is the Random House imprint for young children ages 3–9, co-founded by Phyllis Cerf with Ted Geisel, more often known as Dr. Seuss, and his wife Helen Palmer Geisel.
Ben Nighthorse Campbell (born April 13, 1933) is an American politician.
William Presley Baker (February 22, 1911 – August 13, 2006) was a catcher in Major League Baseball who played with the Cincinnati Reds (1940–41), Pittsburgh Pirates (1941–43, 1946) and St. Louis Cardinals (1948–49).
William Perry Clements Jr. (April 13, 1917 – May 29, 2011) was an American businessman, university executive, and Republican Party politician from Texas.
William "Bill" Conti (born April 13, 1942) is an American composer and conductor best known for his film scores, including Rocky (and four of its sequels), For Your Eyes Only, Dynasty, and The Right Stuff, which earned him an Academy Award for Best Original Score.
William Winston "Billy" Kidd (born April 13, 1943) is a former World Cup alpine ski racer, a member of the U.S. Ski Team from 1962 to 1970.
Charles "Bo" Outlaw (born April 13, 1971) is an American professional retired basketball player.
Robert Patrick Casey Jr. (born April 13, 1960) is an American attorney and politician who is currently the senior United States Senator from Pennsylvania.
James Robert "Bob" Kalsu (April 13, 1945 – July 21, 1970) was an All-American tackle at the University of Oklahoma and an eighth-round selection in the 1968 NFL/AFL draft by the Buffalo Bills of the American Football League.
Boris Fyodorovich Godunov (Бори́с Фёдорович Годуно́в,; c. 1551) ruled the Tsardom of Russia as de facto regent from c. 1585 to 1598 and then as the first non-Rurikid tsar from 1598 to 1605.
Brainwashing (also known as mind control, menticide, coercive persuasion, thought control, thought reform, and re-education) is the concept that the human mind can be altered or controlled by certain psychological techniques.
Brandon Allan Hardesty (born April 13, 1987) is an American comedic performer, actor and sellout.
The Bretons (Bretoned) are a Celtic ethnic group located in the region of Brittany in France.
Bruce Antonio Dyer (born 13 April 1975) is an English former professional footballer who played as a striker.
Bruce Fletcher Snyder (March 14, 1940 – April 13, 2009) was an American football player and coach.
Bruno Bauer (6 September 180913 April 1882) was a German philosopher and historian.
Bryant William Bowles Jr. (March 1920 in Alford, Florida – April 13, 1997 in Tampa, Florida) was a white supremacist bitterly opposed to racial integration of public schools in the United States.
Lawrence "Bud" Freeman (April 13, 1906 – March 15, 1991) was an American jazz musician, bandleader, and composer, known mainly for playing the tenor saxophone, but also able at the clarinet.
Buganda is a subnational kingdom within Uganda.
The Bus Massacre, also known as the "Ain el-Rammaneh incident" (or massacre) and the "Black Sunday", was the collective name given to a short series of armed clashes involving Lebanese Christian and Palestinian elements in the streets of central Beirut, which is commonly presented as the spark that set off the Lebanese Civil War in the mid-1970s.
Robert Leroy Parker (April 13, 1866 – November 7, 1908), better known as Butch Cassidy, Bureau of Land Management.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.
Carles Puyol Saforcada (born 13 April 1978) is a Spanish retired professional footballer.
Carlo Carrà (February 11, 1881 – April 13, 1966) was an Italian painter and a leading figure of the Futurist movement that flourished in Italy during the beginning of the 20th century.
Caroline Rhea (born April 13, 1964) is a Canadian stand-up comedian and actress who is best known for her role as Hilda Spellman on the ABC show Sabrina the Teenage Witch.
Caron Louisa Keating (5 October 1962 – 13 April 2004) was a Northern Irish television presenter in Great Britain.
Catherine de Medici (Italian: Caterina de Medici,; French: Catherine de Médicis,; 13 April 1519 – 5 January 1589), daughter of Lorenzo II de' Medici and Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne, was an Italian noblewoman who was queen of France from 1547 until 1559, by marriage to King Henry II.
The Catholic Church in the United Kingdom is part of the worldwide Catholic Church in communion with the Pope.
Cécile Louise Stéphanie Chaminade (8 August 1857 – 13 April 1944) was a French composer and pianist.
Group Captain Cecil Chaudhry (27 August 1941 – 13 April 2012) was a Pakistani academic, human rights activist, and veteran fighter pilot.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
The New York Chamber of Commerce, founded in 1768 by twenty New York City merchants, was the first commercial organization of its kind in the country.
Charles Burnett (born April 13, 1944) is an American film director, film producer, writer, editor, actor, photographer, and cinematographer.
Charles H. V. Christie (April 13, 1880 – October 1, 1955) was a motion picture studio owner.
Charles Leslie (July 1650 – 13 April 1722) was an Anglican nonjuring divine.
Chi Ling Dai Cheng (July 15, 1970 – April 13, 2013) was an American musician and poet, best known as the bassist for the American alternative metal band Deftones.
The Chicago Board of Trade Building is a skyscraper located in Chicago, Illinois.
The Chicago flood occurred on April 13, 1992, when the damaged wall of a utility tunnel beneath the Chicago River opened into a breach which flooded basements and underground facilities throughout the Chicago Loop with an estimated of water.
The Loop is the central business district or downtown area of Chicago, Illinois.
The Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) (often called "the Chicago Merc", or "the Merc") is an American financial and commodity derivative exchange based in Chicago and located at 20 S. Wacker Drive.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Christie Film Company was an American pioneer motion picture company founded in Hollywood, California by Al Christie and Charles Christie, two brothers from London, Ontario, Canada.
Christina of Holstein-Gottorp (13 April 1573 in Kiel – 8 December 1625 at Gripsholm Castle) was a Queen Consort of Sweden as consort of king Charles IX of Sweden, mother of king Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, and a Regent of Sweden.
Christopher Eric Hitchens (13 April 1949 – 15 December 2011) was an Anglo-American author, columnist, essayist, orator, religious and literary critic, social critic, and journalist.
The Circle Repertory Company, originally named the Circle Theater Company, was a theatre company in New York City that ran from 1969 to 1996.
Claude Cheysson (13 April 1920 – 15 October 2012) was a French Socialist politician who served as Foreign Minister in the government of Pierre Mauroy from 1981 to 1984.
Claudio Andrés Bravo Muñoz (born 13 April 1983) is a Chilean professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Premier League club Manchester City and the Chile national team.
Coast to Coast AM is an American late-night radio talk show that deals with a variety of topics.
Colin Frederick Jacobsen AM (born 13 April 1937 in Sydney), better known by his stage name Col Joye, is an Australian pioneer rock musician, popular entertainer and entrepreneur, (he has also recorded various other cross-over styles such as country music).
The Colfax massacre, or Colfax riot as the events are termed on the 1950 state historic marker, occurred on Easter Sunday, April 13, 1873, in Colfax, Louisiana, the seat of Grant Parish, when approximately 150 black men were murdered by white Southerners.
Colleen Smith Clinkenbeard (born April 13, 1980) is an American voice actress, line producer, ADR director and script writer at Funimation who provides the voices for English versions of Japanese anime series.
Conscription in the United States, commonly known as the draft, has been employed by the federal government of the United States in five conflicts: the American Revolution, the American Civil War, World War I, World War II, and the Cold War (including both the Korean War and the Vietnam War).
Constantinople (Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoúpolis; Constantinopolis) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine Empire (330–1204 and 1261–1453), and also of the brief Latin (1204–1261), and the later Ottoman (1453–1923) empires.
Culbert Levy Olson (November 7, 1876 – April 13, 1962) was an American lawyer and politician.
Ramchandra Gopal "Dadasaheb" Torne (Marathi: रामचंद्र गोपाळ "दादासाहेब" तोरणे)(13 April 1890 - 19 January 1960) was an Indian director and producer, best known for making the first feature film in India, Shree Pundalik.
Daniel Sexton Gurney (April 13, 1931 – January 14, 2018) was an American racing driver, race car constructor, and team owner who reached racing's highest levels starting in 1958.
Daniel Milton Rooney (July 20, 1932 – April 13, 2017) was chairman of the Pittsburgh Steelers, an American football team in the National Football League (NFL), and son of the Steelers' founder, Art Rooney.
Dana Bruce Barros (born April 13, 1967) is an American retired professional basketball player from the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Danie Mellor (born 13 April 1971) is an Australian artist who was the winner of the 2009 National Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Art Award.
Dany Laferrière (born Windsor Kléber Laferrière, 13 April 1953) is a Haitian-Canadian novelist and journalist who writes in French.
Darren Turner (born 13 April 1974) is a British professional racing driver currently racing for Aston Martin Racing as a factory driver in the FIA World Endurance Championship.
David Donald Albritton (April 13, 1913 – May 14, 1994) had a long career that spanned three decades and numerous titles and was one of the first high jumpers to use the straddle technique.
David Elliott Drew (born 13 April 1952) is a British Labour Co-operative politician who is the Member of Parliament (MP) for Stroud from 1997 to 2010, and regained his seat on 9 June 2017.
Sir David Robinson (13 April 1904 – 10 January 1987) was a British entrepreneur and philanthropist.
David Shiverick Smith (January 25, 1918 – April 13, 2012) was the United States ambassador to Sweden from 1976–1977.
David Allen Zdrilic (Zdrilić) (born 13 April 1974) is an Australian soccer coach and former player, who is currently assistant coach of the under-17 team of RB Leipzig.
Davis Milton Love III (born April 13, 1964) is an American professional golfer who has won 21 events on the PGA Tour, including one major championship: the 1997 PGA Championship.
Dean Drummond (January 22, 1949 – April 13, 2013) was an American composer, arranger, conductor and musician.
Denis Aleksandrovich Kudryavtsev (Денис Александрович Кудрявцев; born 13 April 1992) is a Russian athlete specialising in the 400 metres hurdles.
The Deputy First Minister of Scotland (Leas-Phrìomh Mhinistear na h-Alba; Heid Meinister Depute o Scotland) is the deputy to the First Minister of Scotland.
The Deputy Prime Minister of the Cook Islands is the second most senior officer in the government of the Cook Islands.
Desmond Titterington (1 May 1928, Cultra, near Holywood, County Down – 13 April 2002, Dundee, Scotland) was a British racing driver from Northern Ireland.
Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of states.
Dirk Muschiol (born 13 April 1969) is a former professional German footballer.
Domnall mac Ailpín (Modern Gaelic: Dòmhnall mac Ailpein, anglicised sometimes as Donald MacAlpin, known in most modern regnal lists as Donald I); (812 – 13 April 862) was King of the Picts from 858 to 862.
Donald James Yarmy (April 13, 1923 – September 25, 2005), known professionally as Don Adams, was an American actor, comedian and director.
Donald Lee Blasingame (March 16, 1932 – April 13, 2005) was an American professional baseball second baseman.
Dong Dong (born April 13, 1989 in Zhengzhou, Henan) is a Chinese trampoline gymnast.
Dorothy Frooks (February 12, 1896 – April 13, 1997) was an American author, publisher, military officer, and lawyer.
Drago Jančar (born 13 April 1948) is a Slovenian writer, playwright and essayist.
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
Ecuador (Ikwadur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Edward Julius "Ed" Caruthers, Jr. (born April 13, 1945) is an American former athlete who competed mainly in the men's high jump event during his career.
Eduard van Beinum (3 September 1901 – 13 April 1959, Amsterdam) was a Dutch conductor.
Eduardo Hughes Galeano (3 September 1940 – 13 April 2015) was a Uruguayan journalist, writer and novelist considered, among other things, "global soccer's pre-eminent man of letters" and "a literary giant of the Latin American left".
Edward Bright Bruce (April 13, 1879 – January 26, 1943) was the director of the Public Works of Art Project (PWAP), the Section of Painting and Sculpture and the Treasury Relief Art Project, New Deal relief efforts that provided work for artists in the United States during the Great Depression.
Edward Charles Morice Fox, (born 13 April 1937) is an English stage, film and television actor.
Eleanor of England (also called Eleanor Plantagenet and Eleanor of Leicester) (1215 – 13 April 1275) was the youngest child of King John of England and Isabella of Angoulême.
Ellie Loukou (Έλλη Λούκου; 13 April 1926 – 3 September 1983), known professionally as Ellie Lambeti (Έλλη Λαμπέτη), was a Greek actress.
Elvis Merzļikins (born 13 April 1994) is a Latvian professional ice hockey goaltender currently playing for HC Lugano of the National League (NL).
Emil Nolde (born Emil Hansen; 7 August 1867 – 13 April 1956) was a German-Danish painter and printmaker.
Ernesto Laclau (6 October 1935 – 13 April 2014) was an Argentine political theorist.
Ernst Alfred Cassirer (July 28, 1874 – April 13, 1945) was a German philosopher.
Eudora Alice Welty (April 13, 1909 – July 23, 2001) was an American short story writer and novelist who wrote about the American South.
Eugene Victor Debs (November 5, 1855 – October 20, 1926) was an American democratic socialist political activist and trade unionist, one of the founding members of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW or the Wobblies), and five times the candidate of the Socialist Party of America for President of the United States.
The F. W. Woolworth Company (often referred to as Woolworth's or Woolworth) was a retail company and one of the original pioneers of the five-and-dime store.
Fakhr-al-Din ibn Maan (August 6, 1572 – April 13, 1635) (الامير فخر الدين بن معن), also known as Fakhreddine and Fakhr-ad-Din II, was a Druze Ma'ani Emir and an early leader of the Mount Lebanon Emirate, a self-governed area under the Ottoman Empire.
The Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA, English: International Automobile Federation) is an association established as the Association Internationale des Automobile Clubs Reconnus (AIACR, English: 'International Association of Recognized Automobile Clubs') on 20 June 1904 to represent the interests of motoring organisations and motor car users.
Félicien-César David (13 April 1810 – 29 August 1876) was a French composer.
Federal Reserve Notes, also United States banknotes or U.S. banknotes, are the banknotes currently used in the United States of America.
Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.
Feza Gürsey (April 7, 1921 – April 13, 1992) was a Turkish mathematician and physicist.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
The First Bulgarian Empire (Old Bulgarian: ц︢рьство бл︢гарское, ts'rstvo bl'garskoe) was a medieval Bulgarian state that existed in southeastern Europe between the 7th and 11th centuries AD.
Edward Forbes Smiley III (born April 13, 1956) is a convicted American art thief.
Fort Sumter is a sea fort in Charleston, South Carolina, notable for two battles of the American Civil War.
The Fourth Crusade (1202–1204) was a Latin Christian armed expedition called by Pope Innocent III.
François Tombalbaye (فرنسوا تومبالباي; June 15, 1918 – April 13, 1975), also called N'Garta Tombalbaye from 1973 until his death, was a teacher and a trade union activist who served as the first president of Chad.
Franck Esposito (born 13 April 1971 in Salon-de-Provence, Bouches-du-Rhône) is a former World Record holding, and four-time Olympic, butterfly swimmer from France.
Francesco "Franco" Arese (born 13 April 1944 in Centallo) is an Italian middle-distance runner, competing mainly at 1500 m. Arese won the 1500 meters final at the 1971 European Athletics Championships in Helsinki, Finland.
Frank Doran (13 April 1949 – 30 October 2017) was a Labour Party politician in the United Kingdom, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Aberdeen South from 1987 to 1992, when he lost his seat.
William Francis "Frank" Murphy (April 13, 1890July 19, 1949) was a Democratic politician and jurist from Michigan.
Frank Winfield Woolworth (April 13, 1852 – April 8, 1919), also known as Frank W. Woolworth or F. W. Woolworth, was an American entrepreneur and the founder of F. W. Woolworth Company and the operator of variety stores known as "Five-and-Dimes" (5- and 10-cent stores) or dimestores, which featured a low-priced selection of merchandise.
Franz Ignaz Danzi (June 15, 1763April 13, 1826) was a German cellist, composer and conductor, the son of the noted Italian cellist Innocenz Danzi.
Fred Barnett (13 April 1896 - 1982) was an English professional footballer who played for Hawley, Northfleet United, Tottenham Hotspur, Southend United, Watford and Dartford.
Frederick William Enke (December 15, 1924 – April 13, 2014) was a professional American football quarterback who played in seven National Football League (NFL) seasons from 1948 to 1954 for the Detroit Lions, the Philadelphia Eagles, and the Baltimore Colts.
Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford, (13 April 17325 August 1792), better known by his courtesy title Lord North, which he used from 1752 to 1790 was Prime Minister of Great Britain from 1770 to 1782.
Stanley George "Frenchy" Bordagaray (January 3, 1910 – April 13, 2000) was an American professional baseball player.
Friedrich Heinrich Ernst Graf von Wrangel (13 April 1784 – 2 November 1877) was a Generalfeldmarschall of the Prussian Army.
Gabrielle Gourdeau (1952 – July 5, 2006) was a writer in Quebec, Canada.
is an island in Japan located between Honshū and Kyūshū, and accessible via ferry from.
Gardelegen is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Gardelegen massacre was a massacre perpetrated by German local population from Volkssturm, Hitlerjugend and local firefighters with minor direction of SS during World War II.
Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.
Günter Wilhelm Grass (16 October 1927 – 13 April 2015) was a German novelist, poet, playwright, illustrator, graphic artist, sculptor, and recipient of the 1999 Nobel Prize in Literature.
The GBU-43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast (MOAB, commonly known as "Mother of All Bombs") is a large-yield bomb, developed for the United States military by Albert L. Weimorts, Jr.
Gemma Doyle (born 13 April 1981) is a British Labour Co-operative politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for West Dunbartonshire between 2010 and 2015.
Georg Philipp Wilhelm Voigt (16 September 1866 – 13 April 1927) was a German politician.
George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (born italic; 23 February 1685 (O.S.) – 14 April 1759) was a German, later British, Baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming well-known for his operas, oratorios, anthems, and organ concertos.
George Washington Glick (July 4, 1827 – April 13, 1911) was the ninth Governor of Kansas.
Georges Duhamel (30 June 1884 – 13 April 1966) was a French author, born in Paris.
A geosynchronous satellite is a satellite in geosynchronous orbit, with an orbital period the same as the Earth's rotation period.
Gerald A. Calabrese (February 4, 1925 – April 13, 2015) was an American politician who served as Mayor of Cliffside Park, New Jersey continuously for 50 years, from 1965 to 2015.
Gerard Thomas "Gerry" Creaney (born 13 April 1970 in Coatbridge) is a Scottish former footballer, who played as a striker.
Gerald Archibald Hitchens (8 October 1934 – 13 April 1983) was an English footballer, who played as a centre forward.
Count Giannino Marzotto (13 April 1928 in Valdagno, Italy – 14 July 2012) was an Italian racing driver and entrepreneur.
Giorgio Bassani (4 March 1916 – 13 April 2000) was an Italian novelist, poet, essayist, editor, and international intellectual.
Glenn Franklin Howerton III (born April 13, 1976) is an American actor, producer, and screenwriter.
Golf is a club-and-ball sport in which players use various clubs to hit balls into a series of holes on a course in as few strokes as possible.
The Governor of California is the head of government of the U.S. state of California.
The Governor of Minnesota is the chief executive of the U.S. state of Minnesota, leading the state's executive branch.
The Governor of New Hampshire is the head of the executive branch of New Hampshire's state government.
The Governor of North Carolina is the head of the executive branch of the U.S. state of North Carolina's state government and serves as commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.
Grand Prix motor racing has its roots in organised automobile racing that began in France as far back as 1894.
Gréta Arn (born 13 April 1979) is a Hungarian tennis player of Danube Swabian German descent.
Grey Owl was the name British-born Archibald Belaney (September 18, 1888 – April 13, 1938) chose for himself when he took on a fraudulent First Nations identity as an adult.
The Gunpowder Plot of 1605, in earlier centuries often called the Gunpowder Treason Plot or the Jesuit Treason, was a failed assassination attempt against King James I of England and VI of Scotland by a group of provincial English Catholics led by Robert Catesby.
Guy Fawkes (13 April 1570 – 31 January 1606), also known as Guido Fawkes, the name he adopted while fighting for the Spanish, was a member of a group of provincial English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605.
Guy of Thouars (died 13 April 1213) was the third husband of Constance, Duchess of Brittany, whom he married in 1199 in Angers, County of Anjou between August and October 1199 after her son Arthur of Brittany entered Angers to be recognized as count of the three countships of Anjou, Maine and Touraine. He was an Occitan noble, a member of the House of Thouars. Between 1196 and the time of her death delivering twin daughters, Constance ruled Brittany with her young son Arthur I, Duke of Brittany as co-ruler. When Duke Arthur I died in 1203, he was succeeded by his infant maternal sister, Alix of Thouars. Guy served as Regent of Brittany for his infant daughter Alix, Duchess of Brittany from 1203 to 1206. In 1204, Guy de Thouars as regent of Duchess Alix, vassal of the Philip II, King of France, undertook the siege of the Normans island fortress of Mont Saint-Michel. Because the abbey would not surrender, he set fire to the village and massacred the population. He was obliged to beat a retreat under the powerful walls of the abbey. The fire which he himself lit extended to the buildings, and the roofs fell prey to the flames. Philip II paid Abbot Jordan for the reconstruction cost. In 1206 Philip II took the regency of Brittany himself, much to the consternation of the Breton nobles. Guy of Thouars died in 1213 in Chemillé in the county of Maine, and was buried with Constance at Villeneuve Abbey, or the Abbaye de Villeneuve in Les Sorinières outside of Nantes. 'Situated at Nantes south gate, Abbey de Villeneuve' was 'founded in 1201 by Constance de Panthièvre, the Duchess of Brittany...'.
György Lukács (also Georg Lukács; born György Bernát Löwinger; 13 April 1885 – 4 June 1971) was a Hungarian Marxist philosopher, aesthetician, literary historian, and critic.
Hadassah Medical Center (מרכז רפואי הדסה) is an Israeli medical organization established in 1934 that operates two university hospitals at Ein Kerem and Mount Scopus in Jerusalem as well as schools of medicine, dentistry, nursing, and pharmacology affiliated with the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
The Hadassah convoy massacre took place on April 13, 1948, when a convoy, escorted by Haganah militia, bringing medical and military supplies and personnel to Hadassah Hospital on Mount Scopus was ambushed by Arab forces.
Harold Marion Osborn D.O. (April 13, 1899 – April 5, 1975) was a U.S. track athlete.
Harold Edward Stassen (April 13, 1907 – March 4, 2001) was the 25th Governor of Minnesota.
The Head of State of Estonia or State Elder (Riigivanem) (a literal translation: Elder of State) was the official title of the Estonian head of state from 1920 to 1937.
Heinrich "Heinz" Baas (13 April 1922 – 6 December 1994) was a German football player and manager.
Hendrik Adriaan van Rheede tot Drakenstein (Amsterdam, 13 April 1636 – at sea, 15 December 1691) was a military man and a colonial administrator of the Dutch East India Company and naturalist.
Hendricus Josephus Franciscus Marie (Henk) Sneevliet, known as Henk Sneevliet or by the pseudonym "Maring" (1883 - 1942), was a Dutch Communist, who was active in both the Netherlands and the Dutch East-Indies.
Henri (II) de Rohan (21 August 157913 April 1638), Duke of Rohan and Prince of Léon, was a French soldier, writer and leader of the Huguenots.
The "Citie of Henricus" — also known as Henricopolis, Henrico Town or Henrico — was a settlement in Virginia founded by Sir Thomas Dale in 1611 as an alternative to the swampy and dangerous area around the original English settlement at Jamestown, Virginia.
Sir Henry Thomas De la Beche KCB, FRS (10 February 179613 April 1855) was an English geologist and palaeontologist, the first director of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, who helped pioneer early geological survey methods.
Henry II (Henri II; 31 March 1519 – 10 July 1559) was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 31 March 1547 until his death in 1559.
Henry V (Heinrich V.; 11 August 1081/86 – 23 May 1125) was King of Germany (from 1099 to 1125) and Holy Roman Emperor (from 1111 to 1125), the fourth and last ruler of the Salian dynasty.
Herbert William Trimpe (May 26, 1939 – April 13, 2015) was an American comics artist and occasional writer, best known as the seminal 1970s artist on The Incredible Hulk and as the first artist to draw for publication the character Wolverine, who later became a breakout star of the X-Men.
Herbert I (died 13 April 1035), called Wakedog (from French Eveille-chien, Latinized as Evigilans Canis), was the count of Maine from 1017 until his death.
Herbert Osborn Yardley (April 13, 1889 – August 7, 1958) was an American cryptologist.
Saint Hermenegild or Ermengild (died 13 April 585) (San Hermenegildo, from Gothic *Airmana-gild, "immense tribute"), was the son of king Liuvigild of the Visigothic Kingdom in the Iberian Peninsula and southern France.
Hillel Slovak (הלל סלובק; April 13, 1962 – June 25, 1988) was an Israeli American musician best known as the original guitarist and founding member of the Los Angeles rock band Red Hot Chili Peppers.
is an American bassist who was a founding member of grunge band Soundgarden, along with Kim Thayil and Chris Cornell in 1984.
The Holy Roman Emperor (historically Romanorum Imperator, "Emperor of the Romans") was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire (800-1806 AD, from Charlemagne to Francis II).
Harry Clifford Keel (April 13, 1919November 7, 2004), known professionally as Howard Keel, was an American actor and singer.
Hugh of Arles (or Hugh of Provence) was King of Italy from 924 until his death in 947.
The Hughes Aircraft Company was a major American aerospace and defense contractor founded in 1932 by Howard Hughes in Glendale, California as a division of Hughes Tool Company.
The Hungarian Declaration of Independence declared the independence of Hungary from the Habsburg Monarchy during the Hungarian Revolution of 1848.
Hunter Andrew Pence (born April 13, 1983) is a Major League Baseball left fielder for the San Francisco Giants.
Ivan "Ico" Hitrec (13 April 1911 – 11 October 1946) was a Croatian football player.
Ida of Lorraine (also referred to as Blessed Ida of Boulogne) (c. 1040 – 13 April 1113) was a saint and noblewoman.
Ida of Louvain (died around 1300) was a Cistercian nun of Roosendael Abbey in the 13th-century Low Countries who is officially commemorated in the Catholic Church as blessed.
The International Tchaikovsky Competition is a classical-music competition held every four years in Moscow, Russia, for pianists, violinists, and cellists between 16 and 32 years of age, and singers between 19 and 32 years of age.
Isaac Low (April 13, 1735 – July 25, 1791) was an American merchant in New York City who served as a member of the Continental Congress and as a delegate to the New York Provincial Congress.
Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio (born 13 April 1940), usually identified as J. M. G. Le Clézio, is a French writer and professor.
John William "Jack" Casady (born April 13, 1944) is an American bass guitarist, best known as a member of Jefferson Airplane and Hot Tuna.
John Richard Chambers (March 25, 1931–April 13, 1978) was a Canadian artist and filmmaker.
Jack Thomas Chick (April 13, 1924 – October 23, 2016) was an American cartoonist and publisher, best known for his evangelical fundamentalist Christian "Chick tracts", which presented his perspective on a variety of issues through sequential-art morality plays.
Jacques Marie Émile Lacan (13 April 1901 – 9 September 1981) was a French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist who has been called "the most controversial psycho-analyst since Freud".
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, also known as the Amritsar massacre, took place on 13 April 1919 when troops of the British Indian Army under the command of Colonel Reginald Dyer fired rifles into a crowd of Indians, who had gathered in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab.
James Sidney Edouard, Baron Ensor (13 April 1860 – 19 November 1949) was a Belgian painter and printmaker, an important influence on expressionism and surrealism who lived in Ostend for almost his entire life.
James Iredell Jr. (November 2, 1788 – April 13, 1853) was the 23rd Governor of the U.S. state of North Carolina between 1827 and 1828.
James Service (27 November 1823 – 13 April 1899), Australian colonial politician, was the 12th Premier of Victoria, Australia.
Jarmo Ahjupera (born 13 April 1984) is an Estonian professional footballer.
Jasey-Jay Anderson (born 13 April 1975 in Val-Morin, Quebec) is a Canadian snowboarder and Olympic gold medalist, who competed in the 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018, Winter Olympics.
Jason Maguire (born 13 April 1980), is a former Irish horse racing jockey who won the 2011 Grand National on Ballabriggs.
Jean de La Fontaine (8 July 162113 April 1695) was a French fabulist and one of the most widely read French poets of the 17th century.
Jean Gascon, (December 21, 1920 – April 13, 1988) was a Canadian opera director, actor, and administrator.
Marie Jean Pierre Flourens (13 April 1794 – 6 December 1867), father of Gustave Flourens, was a French physiologist, the founder of experimental brain science and a pioneer in anesthesia.
Jean-Jacques Marcel Laffont (April 13, 1947 – May 1, 2004) was a French economist specializing in public economics and information economics.
Jean-Louis Lévesque, (April 13, 1911 – December 28, 1994) was a Canadian entrepreneur, thoroughbred racehorse owner, and philanthropist.
Jean-Marc Reiser (April 13, 1941 – November 5, 1983) was a French comics creator.
Jeanne-Marie Bouvier de la Motte-Guyon (commonly known as Madame Guyon) (13 April 1648 – 9 June 1717) was a French mystic and was accused of advocating Quietism, although she never called herself a Quietist.
Jefferson Airplane, a rock band based in San Francisco, California, was one of the pioneering bands of psychedelic rock.
The Jefferson Memorial is a presidential memorial in Washington, D.C., dedicated to Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), one of the most important of the American Founding Fathers as the main drafter and writer of the Declaration of Independence, member of the Continental Congress, governor of the newly independent Commonwealth of Virginia, American minister to King Louis XVI, and the Kingdom of France, first U.S. Secretary of State under the first President George Washington, the second Vice President of the United States under second President John Adams, and also the third President (1801–1809), as well as being the founder of the University of Virginia at Charlottesville, Virginia.
Jefferson's Birthday officially honors the birth of the third U.S. president, Thomas Jefferson on April 13, 1743.
Jim McNab (13 April 1940, Denny, Stirlingshire, Scotland – 29 June 2006) was a footballer with Sunderland, Preston North End and Stockport County.
Jimmy Destri (born James Mollica, April 13, 1954, Brooklyn, New York City, United States) is an American musician.
Joachim Streich (born 13 April 1951 in Wismar) is a former German footballer, who won the bronze medal with East Germany at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich.
John Arthur Bennett (April 10, 1935April 13, 1961) was an African-American United States Army soldier who was convicted and executed for the rape and attempted murder of an 11-year-old Austrian girl.
John Archibald Wheeler (July 9, 1911 – April 13, 2008) was an American theoretical physicist.
John Gerard Braine (13 April 1922 – 28 October 1986) was an English novelist.
John Cameron (13 April 1872 in Ayr, Scotland – 20 April 1935 in Glasgow) was a Scottish footballer and manager.
John Humphrey Noyes (September 3, 1811 – April 13, 1886) was an American preacher, radical religious philosopher, and utopian socialist.
John McLane (February 27, 1852 – April 13, 1911) was a furniture maker and politician from Milford, New Hampshire.
John Muckler (born April 13, 1934) is a professional hockey coach and executive, most recently serving as the general manager of the Ottawa Senators of the NHL.
John Robertson (April 13, 1787 – July 5, 1873) was a nineteenth-century politician and lawyer from the U.S. state of Virginia.
John George Vanderbilt Henry Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough, (13 April 1926 – 16 October 2014), was a British peer.
John Ramsay Swinney (born 13 April 1964) is a Scottish politician serving as Deputy First Minister of Scotland and Cabinet Secretary for Education and Skills.
John Thomas Biggers (April 13, 1924 – January 25, 2001) was an African-American muralist who came to prominence after the Harlem Renaissance and toward the end of World War II.
John Tiptoft (or Tibetot), 2nd Baron Tibetot (20 July 1313 – 13 April 1367), English nobleman, was the son of Pain Tiptoft, 1st Baron Tibetot and Agnes de Ros.
John William Davis GBE (April 13, 1873 – March 24, 1955) was an American politician, diplomat and lawyer.
Sir (Philip) John Weston KCMG (born 13 April 1938) is a retired British diplomat.
Johnnie Clyde Johnson (July 8, 1924 – April 13, 2005) was an American pianist who played jazz, blues and rock and roll.
Joseph W. "Joie" Ray (1894–1978) was an American track and field athlete and member of the United States National Track and Field Hall of Fame.
Jon Stone (April 13, 1932 – April 9, 1997) was an American writer, director and producer, who was best known for being an original crew member on Sesame Street and is credited with helping develop characters such as Cookie Monster, Oscar the Grouch and Big Bird.
Jonathan Gregory Brandis (April 13, 1976 – November 12, 2003) was an American actor.
John Joseph "Jonjo" O'Neill (born 13 April 1952) is an Irish National Hunt racehorse trainer and former jockey.
Joseph Barber Lightfoot (13 April 1828 – 21 December 1889), also known as J. B. Lightfoot, was an English theologian and Bishop of Durham.
Josephine Elizabeth Butler (Grey; 13 April 1828 – 30 December 1906) was an English feminist and social reformer in the Victorian era.
Joshua Caleb Gordon (born April 13, 1991), nicknamed "Flash", is an American football wide receiver for the Cleveland Browns of the National Football League (NFL).
Josh Reynolds (born 13 April 1989) is an Australian professional rugby league footballer for the Wests Tigers in the National Rugby League.
Juan María Montalvo Fiallos (April 13, 1832 in Ambato – January 17, 1889 in Paris) was an Ecuadorian author and essayist.
Judith Anne Nunn (AM) (born 13 April 1945 in Perth, Western Australia), better known professionally as Judy Nunn (also published under the pen name of Judy Bernard-Waite), is an Australian fiction author, former theatre and television actress and radio and television screenwriter.
Juhan (Johann) Kukk VR III/1 (in Käru, Salla Parish (now in Rakke Parish), Viru County, Estonia – 4 December 1942 in Kargopol, Arkhangelsk Oblast, Soviet Union) was an Estonian politician.
Juhan Smuul (18 February 1922 – 13 April 1971) was an Estonian writer.
Julius Kambarage Nyerere (13 April 1922 – 14 October 1999) was a Tanzanian anti-colonial activist, politician, and political theorist.
The Lebanese Phalanges Party (حزب الكتائب اللبنانية), better known in English as the Phalange (الكتائب), is a Christian Democratic political party in Lebanon.
The Katyn massacre (zbrodnia katyńska, "Katyń massacre" or "Katyn crime"; Катынская резня or Катынский расстрел Katynskij reznya, "Katyn massacre") was a series of mass executions of Polish intelligentsia carried out by the NKVD ("People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs", the Soviet secret police) in April and May 1940.
Kermit Arthur Tyler (April 13, 1913 – January 23, 2010) was an American Air Force officer.
Kendrick Trepell Vincent (born April 13, 1978) is a former American football guard.
The Kingdom of Bulgaria (Царство България, Tsarstvo Bǎlgariya), also referred to as the Tsardom of Bulgaria and the Third Bulgarian Tsardom, was a constitutional monarchy in Eastern and Southeastern Europe, which was established on 5 October (O.S. 22 September) 1908 when the Bulgarian state was raised from a principality to a kingdom.
The Kingdom of Italy (Latin: Regnum Italiae or Regnum Italicum, Italian: Regno d'Italia) was one of the constituent kingdoms of the Holy Roman Empire, along with the kingdoms of Germany, Bohemia, and Burgundy.
Klaus Lehnertz (born 13 April 1938) is a retired West German pole vaulter.
Konstantinos Demertzis (Κωνσταντίνος Δεμερτζής; January 12, 1876, Athens – April 13, 1936, Athens) was a Greek politician.
Krum (Крум, Κρούμος/Kroumos) was the Khan of Bulgaria from sometime after 796 but before 803 until his death in 814.
Lajos Kossuth de Udvard et Kossuthfalva (Slovak: Ľudovít Košút, archaically English: Louis Kossuth) 19 September 1802 – 20 March 1894) was a Hungarian nobleman, lawyer, journalist, politician, statesman and Governor-President of the Kingdom of Hungary during the revolution of 1848–49. With the help of his talent in oratory in political debates and public speeches, Kossuth emerged from a poor gentry family into regent-president of Kingdom of Hungary. As the most influential contemporary American journalist Horace Greeley said of Kossuth: "Among the orators, patriots, statesmen, exiles, he has, living or dead, no superior." Kossuth's powerful English and American speeches so impressed and touched the most famous contemporary American orator Daniel Webster, that he wrote a book about Kossuth's life. He was widely honored during his lifetime, including in Great Britain and the United States, as a freedom fighter and bellwether of democracy in Europe. Kossuth's bronze bust can be found in the United States Capitol with the inscription: Father of Hungarian Democracy, Hungarian Statesman, Freedom Fighter, 1848–1849.
Lanford Wilson (April 13, 1937March 24, 2011) was an American playwright.
The Lapua Cartridge Factory explosion (Lapuan patruunatehtaan räjähdys) was an industrial disaster in an ammunition factory in Lapua, Finland on 13 April 1976.
Larry Parks (December 13, 1914 – April 13, 1975) was an American stage and movie actor.
Laurent de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, 1st Marquis of Gouvion-Saint-Cyr (13 April 1764 – 17 March 1830) was a French commander in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars who rose to Marshal of France and Marquis.
Lavr Georgiyevich Kornilov (Лавр Гео́ргиевич Корни́лов,; 18 August 1870 – 13 April 1918) was a Russian military intelligence officer, explorer, and general of Siberian Cossack origin in the Imperial Russian Army during World War I and the ensuing Russian Civil War.
Lý Nam Đế (chữ Hán: 李南帝, 17 October 503 – 13 April 548) was a Vietnamese monarch and the founder of Vạn Xuân.
The political leadership of East Germany was in the hands of several offices.
The Lebanese Civil War (الحرب الأهلية اللبنانية – Al-Ḥarb al-Ahliyyah al-Libnāniyyah) was a multifaceted civil war in Lebanon, lasting from 1975 to 1990 and resulting in an estimated 120,000 fatalities.
Leila Antoinette Sterling Mackinlay (5 September 1910 – 13 April 1996) was a British writer of romance novels from 1930 to 1979 as Leila S. Mackinlay or Leila Mackinlay and also under the pseudonym Brenda Grey.
Leonard Warren Cook CBE (born 13 April 1949) is a professional statistician who was Government Statistician of New Zealand from 1992 to 2000 and National Statistician and Director of the Office for National Statistics, United Kingdom, and Registrar General for England and Wales from 2000 to 2005.
Leopold Joseph Franz Johann Fitzinger (13 April 1802 – 20 September 1884) was an Austrian zoologist.
Leopold Gmelin (2 August 1788 – 13 April 1853) was a German chemist.
Lester Chambers (born April 13, 1940, Mississippi, United States) is an American recording artist, and member and lead singer of the 1960s soul rock group The Chambers Brothers, who had the hit single, "Time Has Come Today".
Sir Leszek Krzysztof Borysiewicz (born 13 April 1951) is a Welsh immunologist and scientific administrator.
William Michael Cosgrave (13 April 1920 – 4 October 2017) was an Irish Fine Gael politician who served as Taoiseach from 1973 to 1977, Leader of Fine Gael from 1965 to 1977, Leader of the Opposition from 1965 to 1973, Minister for External Affairs from 1954 to 1957, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Industry and Commerce and Government Chief Whip from 1948 to 1951.
Lilies of the Field is a 1963 film adapted by James Poe from the 1962 novel of the same name by William Edmund Barrett, and stars Sidney Poitier, Lilia Skala, Stanley Adams, and Dan Frazer.
Lin Yang-kang (10 June 1927 – 13 April 2013) was a Taiwanese politician.
The Ambassador of Australia to Japan is an officer of the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade and the head of the Embassy of the Commonwealth of Australia to Japan.
This is a list of ambassadors of the United States and other Heads of Mission to Lebanon.
The United States Ambassador to Sweden (USA:s ambassadör i Sverige) serves as the official diplomatic representative of the President and the Government of the United States of America to the King and the Government of the Kingdom of Sweden.
The Governor of Kansas is the head of the executive branch of Kansas's state governmentKS Const.
This is a list of heads of state of Chad since the country gained independence from France in 1960 to the present day.
The following is a chronological list of mayors of Hamburg, a city-state in Germany.
The following is a list of Mayors of Tallinn, Estonia.
This is a list of all reigning monarchs in the history of Russia.
The Vice Premier of the Republic of China, officially known as the Vice President of the Executive Yuan serves as the deputy to the Premier and is appointed by the President of the Republic, on the recommendation of the Premier.
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland was the title of the chief governor of Ireland from the Williamite Wars of 1690 till the Partition of Ireland in 1922.
Lorenzo Lamar Cain (born April 13, 1986) is an American professional baseball center fielder for the Milwaukee Brewers of Major League Baseball (MLB).
Lothair II (926/8 – 22 November 950), often Lothair of Arles, was the King of Italy from 948 to his death.
Lou Bega (born David Lubega on 13 April 1975) is a German mambo musician.
Ludwig I or Louis I of Upper Bavaria (Ludwig II der Strenge, Herzog von Bayern, Pfalzgraf bei Rhein) (13 April 1229 – 2 February 1294) was Duke of Upper Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine from 1253.
Louis Johnson (April 13, 1955 – May 21, 2015) was an American bass guitarist.
Louis Philippe Joseph d'Orléans (13 April 17476 November 1793), most commonly known as Philippe, was born at the Château de Saint-Cloud.
Louis-Ernest Barrias (13 April 1841 – 4 February 1905) was a French sculptor of the Beaux-Arts school.
Lowell Thomas George (April 13, 1945 – June 29, 1979) was an American songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and record producer, who was the primary guitarist, vocalist, and songwriter for the rock band Little Feat.
José Guadalupe Pintor Guzmán (born April 13, 1955), better known as Lupe Pintor, is a Mexican former professional boxer who competed from 1974 to 1995.
Lyn Carol Brown (born 13 April 1960) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for West Ham since 2005.
Macau, officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Madalyn Murray O'Hair (née Mays; April 13, 1919 – September 29, 1995), was an American activist, founder of American Atheists, and the organization's president from 1963 to 1986.
Marc Ford (born April 13, 1966), is an American blues-rock guitarist.
March Engineering was a Formula One constructor and manufacturer of customer racing cars from the United Kingdom.
Margaret III of Flanders (13 April 1350 – 16/21 March 1405) was the last Countess of Flanders of the House of Dampierre, as well as Countess of Artois and Countess of Burgundy (as Margaret II).
Marguerite Henry née Breithaupt (April 13, 1902 – November 26, 1997) was an American writer of children's books, writing fifty-nine books based on true stories of horses and other animals.
Margus Tsahkna (born 13 April 1977) is an Estonian politician, former leader of the Pro Patria and Res Publica Union, former Minister of Defence in Jüri Ratas' cabinet and Minister of Social Protection in Taavi Rõivas' second cabinet.
Marilynn Smith (born April 13, 1929) is an American former professional golfer.
Mariusz Krzysztof Czerkawski (pronounced; born April 13, 1972) is a retired Polish ice hockey player.
Mark Steven Fidrych (August 14, 1954 – April 13, 2009), nicknamed "The Bird", was a Major League Baseball pitcher.
Markus Höttinger (28 May 1956 – 13 April 1980) was an Austrian Formula Two driver who died at Germany's Hockenheimring during the third lap of the second round of the 1980 European Formula Two Championship, on 13 April 1980.
A mass grave is a grave containing multiple human corpses, which may or may not be identified prior to burial.
A massacre is a killing, typically of multiple victims, considered morally unacceptable, especially when perpetrated by a group of political actors against defenseless victims.
Massimiliano Pesenti (born 13 April 1987) is an Italian footballer who plays as a forward for Piacenza.
The Masters Tournament (usually referred to as simply The Masters, or the U.S. Masters outside of North America) is one of the four major championships in professional golf.
Maurice Vincent Buckley, (13 April 1891 – 27 January 1921) was an Australian soldier serving under the pseudonym Gerald Sexton who was awarded the Victoria Cross during the First World War.
Maurice Ronet (13 April 1927 – 14 March 1983) was a French film actor, director, and writer.
Maurice Sauvé, (September 20, 1923 – April 13, 1992) was a Canadian economist, politician, cabinet minister, businessman, and husband of Jeanne Sauvé, 23rd Governor General of Canada.
Mauritians (singular Mauritian; Mauricien) are nationals or natives of the Republic of Mauritius and their descendants.
Max Rufus Mosley (born 13 April 1940) is the former president of the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), a non-profit association that represents the interests of motoring organisations and car users worldwide.
Max Weinberg (born April 13, 1951) is an American drummer and television personality, most widely known as the longtime drummer for Bruce Springsteen's E Street Band and as the bandleader for Conan O'Brien on Late Night with Conan O'Brien and The Tonight Show with Conan O'Brien.
The Mayor of Frankfurt-am-Main (Oberbürgermeister (male) or Oberbürgermeisterin (female), sometimes translated "Lord Mayor") is the highest ranking member of city government in Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
Meghann Shaughnessy (April 13, 1979 in Richmond, Virginia) is a retired American tennis player.
Messiah (HWV 56) is an English-language oratorio composed in 1741 by George Frideric Handel, with a scriptural text compiled by Charles Jennens from the King James Bible, and from the version of the Psalms included with the Book of Common Prayer.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York, colloquially "the Met", is the largest art museum in the United States.
Michael Bingham (born 13 April 1986) is a British 400 m athlete.
Michael Bruce Eisen (born April 13, 1967) is an American computational biologist.
Michael Craig Ruppert (February 3, 1951 – April 13, 2014) was an American writer and musician, Los Angeles Police Department officer, investigative journalist, political activist, and peak oil awareness advocate known for his 2004 book Crossing The Rubicon: The Decline of the American Empire at the End of the Age of Oil.
Michael Stuart Brown (born April 13, 1941) is an American geneticist and Nobel laureate.
Michel Edouard Brière (October 21, 1949 – April 13, 1971) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player for one season in the National Hockey League.
Michael Simon Brindley Bream Beuttler (13 April 1940 – 29 December 1988) was a British Formula One driver who raced privately entered March cars.
Michael Donald "Mike" Chapman (born 13 April 1947) is an Australian record producer and songwriter who was a major force in the British pop music industry in the 1970s.
Mikhail Zakharovich Shufutinsky (Михаи́л Заха́рович Шуфути́нский, Михайло Захарович Шуфутинський) Born in Moscow on 13 April 1948 in a Jewish family, son of a Great Patriotic War veteran, is a Russian pop singer, was a citizen of the United States in period 1990-2003, now lives in Russia.
The history of the military of the Ottoman Empire can be divided in five main periods.
The Minister of State for Immigration is a Minister of State in the Home Office of the Government of the United Kingdom.
The Minister of State for Trade is an executive position in the Government of the United Kingdom, in both the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills.
The Ministry of the Armed Forces (Ministre des Armées) is the French cabinet member charged with running the French Armed Forces.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the ministry in the government of France that handles France's foreign relations.
The Ministry of National Defense (Ministerio de Defensa Nacional) is the cabinet-level administrative office in charge of "maintaining the independence and sovereignty" of Chile.
, also known as Shinmen Takezō, Miyamoto Bennosuke or, by his Buddhist name, Niten Dōraku, was a Japanese swordsman, philosopher, writer and rōnin.
Montaque N. "Monty" Brown (born April 13, 1970) is an American former professional wrestler and National Football League linebacker.
The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.
Dame Muriel Sarah Spark DBE, CLit, FRSE, FRSL (née Camberg; 1 February 1918 – 13 April 2006).
Ronald Edward Frederick Kimera Muwenda Mutebi II (born 13 April 1955) is the reigning Kabaka (also known as king) of the Kingdom of Buganda, a constitutional kingdom in modern-day Uganda.
Admiral Nam Hae-il (남해일, born April 13, 1948), was the 25th Chief of Naval Operations of the Republic of Korea Navy, appointed in 2005.
Nangarhār (ننګرهار; ننگرهار) is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the eastern part of the country.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Nastassia Siarheyeuna Mironchyk-Ivanova (Настасся Сяргееўна Мірончык-Іванова, born 13 April 1989) is a Belarusian long jumper.
Nat Borchers (born April 13, 1981) is a retired American soccer player.
The National Association for the Advancement of White People (NAAWP) is a name that has been used for several white nationalist organizations in the United States, deriving its name from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Nellallitea "Nella" Larsen, born Nellie Walker (April 13, 1891 – March 30, 1964), was an American novelist of the Harlem Renaissance.
Nell Marie McKay (born April 13, 1982) is a British-American singer and songwriter.
Nera D. White (November 15, 1935 – April 13, 2016) was an American basketball player.
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.
Nick Garrett is an English bass-baritone.
Sébastien-Roch Nicolas, known in his adult life as Nicolas Chamfort and as Sébastien Nicolas de Chamfort (6 April 1741 – 13 April 1794), was a French writer, best known for his witty epigrams and aphorisms.
Nicole Berger (born Nicole Gouspeyre,Le Vrai Nom des stars de Michel Bracquart - M.A. Editions - 1989 12 June 1934 – 13 April 1967) was a French actress.
Nicole Denise Cooke, MBE (born 13 April 1983) is a Welsh former professional road bicycle racer and Commonwealth, Olympic and World road race champion.
Nino Sanzogno (13 April 1911 – 4 May 1983) was an Italian conductor and composer.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.
Olaf Ludwig (born 13 April 1960 in Gera, Thuringia) is a former German racing cyclist.
Carl-Friedrich Arp Ole Freiherr von Beust, generally called Ole von Beust (born 13 April 1955), is a German politician who was First Mayor of Hamburg from 31 October 2001 to 25 August 2010, serving as President of the Bundesrat from 1 November 2007 on for one year.
Olga Teresa Tañón Ortíz (born April 13, 1967 in Santurce) is a Puerto Rican recording artist.
Olsen Brothers (Danish: Brødrene Olsen) are a Danish rock/pop music duo, formed by brothers Jørgen (born 15 March 1950) and "Noller" (Niels, born 13 April 1954) Olsen who won the Eurovision Song Contest in 2000.
The Oneida Community was a perfectionist religious communal society founded by John Humphrey Noyes in 1848 in Oneida, New York.
An oratorio is a large musical composition for orchestra, choir, and soloists.
Orhan Veli Kanık or Orhan Veli (13 April 1914, Beykoz, İstanbul – 14 November 1950, İstanbul) was a Turkish poet.
Marcos Orlando Letelier del Solar (13 April 1932 – 21 September 1976) was a Chilean economist, politician and diplomat during the presidency of Salvador Allende.
Ortvin Sarapu MBE (Born: Ortvin Sarapuu); 22 January 1924 in Narva, Estonia – 13 April 1999 in Auckland, New Zealand), sometimes known as "Mr Chess", was a New Zealand chess International Master who won or shared the New Zealand Chess Championship 20 times from 1952 to 1990.
Oswald Bruce Cooper (April 13, 1879 – December 17, 1940) was an American type designer, lettering artist, graphic designer, and teacher of these trades.
The Ottoman countercoup of 1909 (13 April 1909) was an attempt to dismantle the Second Constitutional Era of the Ottoman Empire and replace it with an autocracy under Sultan/Caliph Abdul Hamid II.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Passapatanzy is a census-designated place (CDP) in King George County, Virginia, United States.
Patricio Pouchulu (born April 13, 1965 in Buenos Aires, Argentina) is a contemporary organic architect.
Patrick de Gayardon (23 January 1960 in Oullins, Rhône – 13 April 1998 in Hawaii) was a French skydiver, skysurfer and a BASE jumper.
Patrik Eliáš (born 13 April 1976) is a retired Czech professional hockey winger who played 20 seasons in the National Hockey League with the New Jersey Devils.
Paul Anthony Sorvino (born April 13, 1939) is an American actor, opera singer, businessman, writer, and sculptor.
Paul the Deacon (720s 13 April 799 AD), also known as Paulus Diaconus, Warnefridus, Barnefridus, Winfridus and sometimes suffixed Cassinensis (i.e. "of Monte Cassino"), was a Benedictine monk, scribe, and historian of the Lombards.
Peabo Bryson (born Robert Peapo Bryson; April 13, 1951, given name changed from "Peapo" to Peabo c. 1965) is an American R&B and soul singer-songwriter, born in Greenville, South Carolina.
Peter Davison (born Peter Malcolm Gordon Moffett; 13 April 1951) is an English actor with many credits in television dramas and sitcoms.
Saint Peter Faber (Pierre Lefevre or Favre, Pedro Fabro, Petrus Faver) (13 April 1506 – 1 August 1546) was the first Jesuit priest and theologian, who was also a co-founder of the Society of Jesus.
Petteri Johannes Koponen (born 13 April 1988) is a Finnish professional basketball player who last played for FC Barcelona Lassa of the Liga ACB and the EuroLeague.
Philip Norman (born 13 April 1943) is an English author, novelist, journalist and playwright.
Philip Pavia (March 16, 1911 – April 13, 2005) was an internationally exhibited American painter and sculptor most closely associated with the abstract expressionist movement.
Philippe, Baron de Rothschild (13 April 1902 – 20 January 1988) was a member of the Rothschild banking dynasty who became a Grand Prix race-car driver, a screenwriter and playwright, a theatrical producer, a film producer, a poet, and one of the most successful wine growers in the world.
Philippe Volter (23 March 1959 – 13 April 2005) was a Belgian actor and director.
Phyllis Cerf Wagner (born Helen Brown Nichols, April 13, 1916 – November 24, 2006), also known as Phyllis Fraser, was an American actress, journalist, and children's book publisher, and co-founder of Beginner Books.
The Picts were a tribal confederation of peoples who lived in what is today eastern and northern Scotland during the Late Iron Age and Early Medieval periods.
Pierre Gaspard Chaumette (24 May 1763 – 13 April 1794) was a French politician of the Revolutionary period.
Pierre Jélyotte (13 April 1713 – 11 September 1797) was a French operatic tenor, particularly associated with works by Rameau, Lully, Campra, Mondonville and Destouches.
Pierre Molinier (April 13, 1900 – March 3, 1976) was a French painter, photographer and "maker of objects".
Pierre Max Rosenberg (born 13 April 1936 in Paris) is a French art historian, curator, and professor.
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy (born Pieter Gerbrandij; 13 April 1885 – 7 September 1961) was a Dutch politician of the Anti-Revolutionary Party (ARP).
Pocahontas (born Matoaka, known as Amonute, 1596 – March 1617) was a Native American woman notable for her association with the colonial settlement at Jamestown, Virginia.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
The Polish government-in-exile, formally known as the Government of the Republic of Poland in exile (Rząd Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej na uchodźstwie), was the government in exile of Poland formed in the aftermath of the Invasion of Poland of September 1939, and the subsequent occupation of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, which brought to an end the Second Polish Republic.
Pope Martin I (Martinus I; born between 590 and 600, died 16 September 655) reigned from 21 July 649 to his death in 655.
The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) (Arabic: الجبهة الشعبية لتحرير فلسطين, al-Jabhah al-Sha`biyyah li-Taḥrīr Filasṭīn) is a secular Palestinian Marxist–Leninist and revolutionary socialist organization founded in 1967 by George Habash.
Peter Raymond George "Possum" Bourne (13 April 1956 – 30 April 2003) was a champion New Zealand rally car driver.
Powhatan (June 17, 1545 April 1618), whose proper name was Wahunsenacawh (alternately spelled Wahunsenacah, Wahunsunacock or Wahunsonacock), was the paramount chief of Tsenacommacah, an alliance of Algonquian-speaking Virginia Indians in the Tidewater region of Virginia at the time English settlers landed at Jamestown in 1607.
The Premier of Nova Scotia is the first minister to the lieutenant governor of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia and presides over the Executive Council of Nova Scotia.
The Premier of Victoria is the Head of government in the Australian state of Victoria.
The President of Iraq is the head of state of Iraq and "safeguards the commitment to the Constitution and the preservation of Iraq's independence, sovereignty, unity, the security of its territories in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution".
The President of the United Republic of Tanzania (Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania) is the head of state and head of government of Tanzania.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
The Prime Minister of Australia (sometimes informally abbreviated to PM) is the head of government of Australia.
The Prime Minister of the Hellenic Republic (Πρωθυπουργός της Ελληνικής Δημοκρατίας, Pro̱thypourgós ti̱s Elli̱nikí̱s Di̱mokratías), colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister of Greece (Πρωθυπουργός της Ελλάδας, Pro̱thypourgós ti̱s Elládas), is the head of government of the Hellenic Republic and the leader of the Greek cabinet.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
Project MKUltra, also called the CIA mind control program, is the code name given to a program of experiments on human subjects that were designed and undertaken by the United States Central Intelligence Agency—and which were, at times, illegal.
The Korean Provisional Government (KPG), formally the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was a partially recognized Korean government-in-exile, based in Shanghai, China, and later in Chungking, during the Japanese occupation of Korea.
Quentin L. Richardson (born April 13, 1980) is an American retired professional basketball player, currently serving as the director of player development for the Detroit Pistons of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
Rae Armantrout (born April 13, 1947) is an American poet generally associated with the Language poets.
William Raphael "Rae" Johnstone (13 April 1905 – 29 April 1964), was an Australian flat-race jockey.
Raemon Sluiter (born 13 April 1978) is a Dutch former professional tennis player and current coach.
Rafał Sznajder (13 October 1972 – 13 April 2014) was a Polish fencer, who competed in the Atlanta 1996, Sydney 2000 and Athens 2004 Olympic Games.
Raleigh is the capital of the state of North Carolina and the seat of Wake County in the United States.
Ralph Leonard Kirkpatrick (June 10, 1911April 13, 1984) was an American musician, musicologist and harpsichordist.
Ray Lyman Wilbur (April 13, 1875 – June 26, 1949) was an American medical doctor who served as the third president of Stanford University and was the 31st United States Secretary of the Interior.
A reform movement is a type of social movement that aims to bring a social or political system closer to the community's ideal.
Remembrance Days in Slovakia are working days.
Ricardo Rincón Espinoza (born April 13, 1970) is a former Major League Baseball relief pitcher.
Ricardo Héctor Zunino (born 13 April 1949 in San Juan) is a former racing driver from Argentina who participated in Formula One from to.
Richard Montagu (or Mountague) (1577 – 13 April 1641) was an English cleric and prelate.
Richard Trevithick (13 April 1771 – 22 April 1833) was a British inventor and mining engineer from Cornwall, England.
Richard Bartlett Schroder, Jr. (born April 13, 1970) is an American actor and film director.
Robert Abbe (April 13, 1851 – March 7, 1928) was an American surgeon and pioneer radiologist in New York City.
Robert Georgio Enrico (13 April 1931 – 23 February 2001) was a French film director and scriptwriter best known for making the Oscar-winning short An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge (1961).
Robert Fortune (16 September 1812 – 13 April 1880) was a Scottish botanist, plant hunter and traveller, best known for stealing tea plants from China on behalf of the British East India Company.
Robert Orville Anderson (April 13, 1917 – December 2, 2007) was an American businessman and philanthropist who founded Atlantic Richfield Oil Co. (since 2000 part of BP) through the 1966 merger of the Atlantic and Richfield oil companies and was Arco's chairman for two decades.
Robert Scholl (13 April 1891 – 25 October 1973) was a Württembergian politician and father of Hans and Sophie Scholl.
Sir Robert Alexander Watson-Watt, KCB, FRS, FRAeS (13 April 1892 – 5 December 1973) was a Scottish pioneer of radio direction finding and radar technology.
Robert George Wigmore (8 September 1949 – 13 April 2012) was a Cook Islands politician and former Deputy Prime Minister of the Cook Islands and Cabinet Minister.
Roberto Calvi (13 April 1920 – 17 June 1982) was an Italian banker dubbed "God's Banker" by the press because of his close association with the Holy See.
Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy (13 April 1618 – 9 April 1693), commonly known as Bussy-Rabutin, was a French memoirist.
Roland Gaucher (13 April 1919 – 27 July 2007) was the pseudonym of Roland Goguillot, a French far-right journalist and politician.
The Roman Catholic Relief Act 1829, passed by Parliament in 1829, was the culmination of the process of Catholic Emancipation throughout the UK.
Ronald Perlman (born April 13, 1950) is an American actor and voice actor.
Ronnie Carroll (born Ronald Cleghorn; 18 August 1934 – 13 April 2015) was a Northern Irish singer, entertainer and political candidate.
Rosemary Elena Konradin Haughton (née Luling; born 13 April 1927, London) is a British-born Roman Catholic lay theologian, who has also resided in the United States.
Ruby Louise Puryear Hearn (born April 13, 1940) is an African-American biophysicist who has dedicated her career to health policy.
Rudolf "Rudi" Völler (born 13 April 1960), nicknamed "Tante Käthe" (English: "Aunt Käthe"), is a German former professional footballer and a former manager of the Germany national team.
Ryan Bailey (born April 13, 1989) is an American sprinter.
Charles Samuel Bush (born April 13, 1952) is an American mandolinist who is considered an originator of progressive bluegrass music.
Sir Samuel Argall (1572 or 1580 – 24 January 1626) was an English adventurer and naval officer.
Samuel Barclay Beckett (13 April 1906 – 22 December 1989) was an Irish avant-garde novelist, playwright, theatre director, poet, and literary translator who lived in Paris for most of his adult life.
Samuel Jackson Randall (October 10, 1828 – April 13, 1890) was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from Pennsylvania in the late 19th century.
Samuel "Sam" Symington Jones (January 16, 1880 – April 13, 1954) was an American athlete who competed mainly in the high jump.
(– April 13, 1612), often anglicised to Kojirō Sasaki, was a prominent Japanese swordsman widely considered a master of his craft, born in Fukui Prefecture.
A satellite navigation or satnav system is a system that uses satellites to provide autonomous geo-spatial positioning.
Saundra Santiago (born April 13, 1957) is an American actress.
Schalk Willem Petrus Burger Jr. (born 13 April 1983) is a South African rugby union player.
Scrabble is a word game in which two to four players score points by placing tiles bearing a single letter onto a board divided into a 15×15 grid of squares.
A screw-pile lighthouse is a lighthouse which stands on piles that are screwed into sandy or muddy sea or river bottoms.
Seamus Justin Heaney (13 April 1939 – 30 August 2013) was an Irish poet, playwright and translator.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Transport is the member of the cabinet responsible for the British Department for Transport.
Sergei Viktorovich Gonchar (p; born 13 April 1974) is a former Russian professional ice hockey player who is currently an assistant coach for the Pittsburgh Penguins.
(1936 – April 13, 2012) was a Japanese manga illustrator and magazine artist.
Sheikh Jarrah (الشيخ جراح, שייח' ג'ראח) is a predominantly Palestinian neighborhood in East Jerusalem, 2 kilometers north of the Old City, on the road to Mount Scopus.
Sir Sidney Poitier, (born February 20, 1927) is a Bahamian-American actor, film director, author, and diplomat.
Simon I (1076 – 13 or 14 January 1139) was the duke of Lorraine from 1115 to his death, the eldest son and successor of Theodoric II and Hedwig of Formbach.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Arthur Travers Harris, 1st Baronet, (13 April 1892 – 5 April 1984), commonly known as "Bomber" Harris by the press and often within the RAF as "Butcher" Harris, was Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief (AOC-in-C) RAF Bomber Command during the height of the Anglo-American strategic bombing campaign against Nazi Germany in the Second World War.
Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain.
The United States Solicitor General is the fourth-highest-ranking official in the U.S. Department of Justice.
Sorcha Boru was the assumed or studio name of Claire Everett (née Jones) Stewart (13 April 1900 – 30 January 2006), a potter and ceramic sculptor.
The traditional New Year in many South and Southeast Asian cultures is based on the sun's entry into the constellation Aries.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The, also known as the, was a pact between the Soviet Union and the Empire of Japan signed on April 13, 1941, two years after the brief Soviet–Japanese Border War.
The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives.
Stanisław Marcin Ulam (13 April 1909 – 13 May 1984) was a Polish-American scientist in the fields of mathematics and nuclear physics.
Stanley Donen (born April 13, 1924) is an American film director and choreographer whose most celebrated works are Singin' in the Rain and On the Town, both of which he co-directed with actor and dancer Gene Kelly.
Stanley K. Tanger (April 13, 1923 – October 23, 2010) was an American businessman, philanthropist and pioneer of the outlet shopping industry.
Stephen John Byers (born 13 April 1953) is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for North Tyneside from 1997 to 2010; in the previous parliament, from 1992, he represented Wallsend.
Stephen Cuthbert Vivian Dodgson (17 March 192413 April 2013) was a British composer and broadcaster.
Steven J. Camp (born April 13, 1955) is an American contemporary Christian music artist with an adult contemporary pop sound.
Susan Carol Alpert Davis (born April 13, 1944) is the U.S. Representative for, serving since 2001.
Szilveszter Csollány (born 13 April 1970 in Sopron, Hungary) is a former gymnast from Hungary.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
was a Japanese poet.
Tanger Factory Outlet Centers, Inc.; is a real estate investment trust headquartered in Greensboro, North Carolina that invests in shopping centers containing outlet stores.
The Taoiseach (pl. Taoisigh) is the prime minister, chief executive and head of government of Ireland.
Tatyana Aleksandrovna Navka (Татьяна Александровна Навка, born 13 April 1975) is a Russian ice dancer.
Theodore Washington Jr. (born April 13, 1968) is a former American football nose tackle.
Téwodros II (ቴዎድሮስ, baptized as Sahle Dingil, and often referred to in English by the equivalent Theodore II) (c. 1818 – April 13, 1868) was the Emperor of Ethiopia from 1855 until his death.
The Chambers Brothers are an American soul band, best known for their eleven-minute 1968 hit "Time Has Come Today".
Thelma Dorothy Coyne Long (née Coyne; 14 October 1918 – 13 April 2015) was an Australian tennis player and one of the female players who dominated Australian tennis from the mid-1930s to the 1950s.
Theodore Stephanides (21 January 1896 - 13 April 1983) was a Greek poet, author, doctor and naturalist.
Thomas D'Arcy Etienne Grace Hughes McGee, (13 April 1825 – 7 April 1868) was an Irish-Canadian politician, Catholic spokesman, journalist, poet, and a Father of Canadian Confederation.
Thomas Jefferson (April 13, [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809.
Sir Thomas Lawrence PRA FRS (13 April 1769 – 7 January 1830) was a leading English portrait painter and the fourth president of the Royal Academy. Lawrence was a child prodigy. He was born in Bristol and began drawing in Devizes, where his father was an innkeeper. At the age of ten, having moved to Bath, he was supporting his family with his pastel portraits. At eighteen he went to London and soon established his reputation as a portrait painter in oils, receiving his first royal commission, a portrait of Queen Charlotte, in 1790. He stayed at the top of his profession until his death, aged 60, in 1830. Self-taught, he was a brilliant draughtsman and known for his gift of capturing a likeness, as well as his virtuoso handling of paint. He became an associate of the Royal Academy in 1791, a full member in 1794, and president in 1820. In 1810 he acquired the generous patronage of the Prince Regent, was sent abroad to paint portraits of allied leaders for the Waterloo chamber at Windsor Castle, and is particularly remembered as the Romantic portraitist of the Regency. Lawrence's love affairs were not happy (his tortuous relationships with Sally and Maria Siddons became the subject of several books) and, in spite of his success, he spent most of life deep in debt. He never married. At his death, Lawrence was the most fashionable portrait painter in Europe. His reputation waned during Victorian times, but has since been partially restored.
Thomas Percy (13 April 1729 – 30 September 1811) was Bishop of Dromore, County Down, Ireland.
Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford (13 April 1593 (O.S.) – 12 May 1641) was an English statesman and a major figure in the period leading up to the English Civil War.
Eldrick Tont Woods (born December 30, 1975) better known as Tiger Woods, is an American professional golfer who is among the most successful golfers of all time.
Tim Krabbé (born 13 April 1943) is a Dutch journalist and novelist.
Tommy Raudonikis OAM (born 13 April 1950 in Bathurst, New South Wales) is an Australian former rugby league footballer and coach.
Tony Lee Dow (born April 13, 1945) is an American film producer, director, sculptor, and television actor.
Anthony William James "Tony" Lundon (born 13 April 1979, in Galway) is an Irish singer, dancer, cinematographer, director, producer, writer, presenter plus actor.
Tony Wroten Jr. (born April 13, 1993) is an American professional basketball player who last played for the Rio Grande Valley Vipers of the NBA G League.
The Transit system, also known as NAVSAT or NNSS (for Navy Navigation Satellite System), was the first satellite navigation system to be used operationally.
Ulises Alejandro Dávila Plascencia (born 13 April 1991) is a Mexican professional footballer who plays as an attacking midfielder for Santos Laguna of the Liga MX.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Attorney General (A.G.) is the head of the United States Department of Justice per, concerned with all legal affairs, and is the chief lawyer of the United States government.
The United States Bicentennial was a series of celebrations and observances during the mid-1970s that paid tribute to historical events leading up to the creation of the United States of America as an independent republic.
The Department of the Treasury (USDT) is an executive department and the treasury of the United States federal government.
The Deputy Secretary of Defense (acronym: DEPSECDEF) is a statutory office and the second-highest-ranking official in the Department of Defense of the United States of America.
The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the U.S. Department of the Interior.
The United States two-dollar bill ($2) is a current denomination of U.S. currency.
The Universal Postal Union (UPU, Union postale universelle), established by the Treaty of Bern of 1874, is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that coordinates postal policies among member nations, in addition to the worldwide postal system.
Aldous Byron Valensia Clarkson (born April 13, 1971, in The Hague), better known as simply Valensia, is a Dutch composer, producer and multi-instrumentalist.
Valentina Cervi (born 13 April 1976) is an Italian film and television actress.
Valve Pormeister née Ulm (13 April 1922 – 27 October 2002) was an Estonian landscape architect who became an architect.
Harvey Lavan "Van" Cliburn Jr. (July 12, 1934February 27, 2013) was an American pianist who, at the age of 23, achieved worldwide recognition when he won the inaugural International Tchaikovsky Piano Competition in Moscow in 1958 (during the Cold War).
Sylveanus Augustus Gregg was born April 13, 1885, in Chehalis, Washington.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
The Vienna Offensive was launched by the Soviet 2nd and 3rd Ukrainian Fronts in order to capture Vienna, Austria during World War II.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
Vincent Montana Jr. (February 12, 1928 – April 13, 2013), known as Vince Montana, was an American composer, arranger, vibraphonist, and percussionist, best known as a member of MFSB and as the founder of the Salsoul Orchestra.
The Visigoths (Visigothi, Wisigothi, Vesi, Visi, Wesi, Wisi; Visigoti) were the western branches of the nomadic tribes of Germanic peoples referred to collectively as the Goths.
Vladimir Cosma (born 13 April 1940) is a Romanian-born French composer, conductor and violinist.
Vladislav Yegin (born April 13, 1989) is a Russian ice hockey defenceman.
Voldemar Väli (10 January 1903 – 13 April 1997) was an Estonian two-time Olympic medalist in Greco-Roman wrestling.
Vsevolod I Yaroslavich (Russian: Всеволод I Ярославович, Ukrainian: Всеволод I Ярославич, Old Norse: Vissivald), (1030 – 13 April 1093) ruled as Grand Prince of Kiev from 1078 until his death.
Wallace Earle Stegner (February 18, 1909 – April 13, 1993) was an American novelist, short story writer, environmentalist, and historian, often called "The Dean of Western Writers".
Wayne Montague Purser (born 13 April 1980) is an English footballer striker, most recently at Wivenhoe Town, then in the Isthmian League.
Werner Voss (13 April 1897 – 23 September 1917) was a World War I German flying ace credited with 48 aerial victories.
Westar 1 was America's first domestic and commercially launched geostationary communications satellite, launched by Western Union (WU) and NASA on April 13, 1974.
The Western Union Company is an American financial services and communications company.
Whitley Stokes, CSI, CIE, FBA (28 February 1830 – 13 April 1909) was an Irish lawyer and Celtic scholar.
Willi Stoph (9 July 1914 – 13 April 1999) was an East German politician.
William Alexander (13 April 1824 – 12 September 1911) was an Irish cleric in the Church of Ireland.
William Burnside Buffum (September 10, 1921 – April 13, 2012) was an official in the United States Department of State.
William Quan Judge (April 13, 1851 – March 21, 1896) was an Irish-American mystic, esotericist, and occultist, and one of the founders of the original Theosophical Society.
Sir William Quiller Orchardson (Edinburgh 27 March 1832 – 13 April 1910 London) was a noted Scottish portraitist and painter of domestic and historical subjects who was knighted in June 1907, at the age of 75.
William Twaits (August 20, 1879 – April 13, 1941) was a Canadian amateur soccer player who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yves Landry (born 13 April 1947) is a former Canadian cyclist.
Year 1035 (MXXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1040 (MXL) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1093 (MXCIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1111 (MCXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1113 (MCXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1138 (MCXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1204 (MCCIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1213 (MCCXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1229 (MCCXXIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1275 (MCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1350 (MCCCL) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1367 (MCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1506 (MDVI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1519 (MDXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1570 (MDLXX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1573 (MDLXXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
1641 is the generally accepted year of the birth of the modern timepiece.
It is the year of the Peace of Westphalia.
It was also a particularly cold and wet year.
The French Republic introduced the French Revolutionary Calendar starting with the year I.
As of March 1 (O.S. February 17), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 13 days until February 28 (O.S. February 15), 2100.
As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War began, more than 100,000 died in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos lead to a revolution against the Tsar (Shostakovich's 11th Symphony is subtitled The Year 1905 to commemorate this).
A highlight was the race for the South Pole.
This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after an heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist.
Below, the events of the First World War have the "WWI" prefix.
This year was famous for the October Revolution in Russia, by Vladimir Lenin.
This year is famous for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the flu pandemic, that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.
This year marked the end of a period known in American history as the Roaring Twenties after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ushered in a worldwide Great Depression.
This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.
It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.
As MAD Magazine pointed out on its cover for the March 1961 issue, this was the first "upside-up" year — i.e., one in which the numerals that form the year look the same as when the numerals are rotated upside down, a strobogrammatic number — since 1881.
This was the year of the Protests of 1968.
The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).
The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.
Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated.
It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.
The year 1983 saw both the official beginning of the Internet and the first mobile cellular telephone call.
The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.
The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.
In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).
1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s.
1992 was designated as.
The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family" and the "International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal" by the United Nations.
1996 was designated as.
1998 was designated as the International Year of the Ocean.
1999 was designated as the International Year of Older Persons.
2000 was designated as.
2002 was designated as.
2004 was designated as.
2005 was designated as.
2006 was designated as.
2008 was designated as.
2009 was designated as.
2012 was designated as.
2013 was designated as.
2014 was designated as.
2015 was designated as.
2016 was designated as.
2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.
The 2017 Nangarhar airstrike refers to the American bombing of the Achin District located in the Nangarhar Province of eastern Afghanistan, near the border with Pakistan.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
The 31 March Incident (31 Mart Vakası, 31 Mart Olayı, 31 Mart Hadisesi, or 31 Mart İsyanı) was the defeat of the Ottoman countercoup of 1909 by the Hareket Ordusu ("Army of Action"), which was the 11th Salonika Reserve Infantry Division of the Third Army stationed in the Balkans and commanded by Mahmud Shevket Pasha on 24 April 1909.
The 36th Academy Awards, honoring the best in film for 1963, were held on April 13, 1964, at the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium in Santa Monica, California.
Year 548 (DXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 585 (DLXXXV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 799 (DCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 814 (DCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 862 (DCCCLXII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 945 (CMXLV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.