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April 18

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629 relations: Abdul Rashid Dostum, Adolphe Thiers, Agallianos Kontoskeles, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Ahmed I, Al Lewis (lyricist), Al-Wathiq, Albert Einstein, Aldo Leão Ramírez, Aleah Stanbridge, Aleksander Mitt, Alexander Hauck, Alexander Shirvanzade, Alfred Bieler, Allan Kardec, America Ferrera, American Revolution, André Bazin, Andre Frolov, Andrew Ilie, Anna van der Breggen, Anne Williams (activist), Anthony Davidson, Antioch, Apollonius the Apologist, April 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics), Ardito Desio, Armed Forces Day, Arturo Frondizi, Audrey Tang, Austrian Empire, Æthelred I of Northumbria, Óscar Carmona, Łukasz Fabiański, Babe Ruth, Baghdad, Bandung, Bandung Conference, Barbara Hale, Battle of Cerro Gordo, Battle of Dybbøl, Battles of Lexington and Concord, BBC, Ben Hecht, Bernard Arcand, Bernard Edwards, Bertha Isaacs, Beryl Platt, Baroness Platt of Writtle, Bharat Ratna, Bill Miles, ..., Billy Butler (baseball), Blair Late, Bolesław I the Brave, Bomber, Bona Sforza, Boston, Bougainville Island, Brady Clark, Brazil, Brett Deledio, Brian Buscher, Brian Clay, Brian Priestman, Brook Berringer, Bruno Sammartino, Byzantine Empire, Calendar of saints, California, Canaan Banana, Carl Burgos, Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, Charles Pasqua, Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, Cindy Pickett, Cindy Taylor, Claire Martin (writer), Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown, Clarence Darrow, CliffsNotes, Clifton Hillegass, Clive Revill, Conan O'Brien, Conrad Logan, Cordell Mosson, Corebus, Coria (Corbridge), Cornerstone, Costas Ferris, Count Leopold Berchtold, Cunard Line, Cyril VI of Constantinople, Dale Winton, Dan LaCouture, Danny Guthrie, Darren Sutherland, Dassault Aviation, David McClarty, David Ricardo, David Tennant, Days of Military Honour, Debenhams, Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, Derrick Brooks, Dhondo Keshav Karve, Dick Clark, Dick Clark Productions, Diet of Worms, Dionysius II of Antioch, Divock Origi, Doolittle Raid, Dorothy Lyman, Doug Insole, Doug Peden, Duchy of Schleswig, Duffy Lewis, Dylan Tombides, Ealdorman, Eastern Orthodox Church, Edgar F. Codd, Edmund Andros, Eduard Kosolapov, Edward Barker (cartoonist), Efraín Velarde, Egypt, Eleutherius and Antia, Eli Roth, Erasmus Darwin, Eric McCormack, Eric Roberts, Ernie Pyle, Erwin Waldner, Esther Afua Ocloo, Ethan Cohn, Eugene Houdry, Federal Bureau of Investigation, François Leroux, Frances D'Souza, Baroness D'Souza, Frank Mulholland, Lord Mulholland, Franz von Suppé, Friendship Day, Fujiwara no Atsutada, Gabriel Axel, Galdino della Sala, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Gavin Creel, Geoff Bodine, George Bryant (archer), George H. Hitchings, George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys, George Shirley, Germaine Tillion, Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, Giacomo Carissimi, Giuseppe Pella, Glen Hardin, Gniezno, Goran Švob, Governor of North Carolina, Graham Rowntree, Grand Forks, North Dakota, Gratian, Greco-Turkish War (1897), Greg Camarillo, Greg Eklund, Grigory Sokolov, Guatemala, Guillermo González Camarena, Guru Dhanapal, Gustave Moreau, Haile Gebrselassie, Hayley Mills, Heligoland, Henderson Álvarez, Henry Hyde, Henry II of Navarre, Ian Campbell (triple jumper), Ibrahim al-Asiri, Iccho Itoh, Ilario Bandini, Indonesia, International Amateur Radio Union, International Court of Justice, International Day For Monuments and Sites, Ioana Ducu, Ippolita Maria Sforza, Iran, Irving Cummings, Isaac Babalola Akinyele, Isoroku Yamamoto, Israel Defense Forces, Ivan Tričkovski, Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić, Jaan Anvelt, Jacques Widerkehr, Jake Howells, James Drury, James McCune Smith, James Woods, Jan Kaplický, Jane Leeves, Japan, Japanese patent law, Jean Richard, Jean-Féry Rebel, Jeanne-Elisabeth Chaudet, Jeff Dunham, Jerzy Stuhr, Jessica Jung, Jessie Street, Joan of Arc, Jochen Rindt, Johan Wilcke, John Ambrose Fleming, John F. Wiley, John Foxe, John Graunt, John Leland (antiquary), John Podhoretz, Joseph L. Goldstein, Joy Davidman, Jozef Tiso, Julius Caesar (judge), Junior Torunarigha, Juris Alunāns, Justin Levens, Justin Ross, Justus von Liebig, K'an II, K. D. Wentworth, Kabul, Kamisese Mara, Karl Josef Becker, Karl Miller (footballer), Karl Philipp, Prince of Schwarzenberg, Kathy Acker, Keith DeCandido, Kelly Hansen, Kenny Ortega, Kingdom of Northumbria, Kingdom of Prussia, Kobe, Korneli Kekelidze, Kourtney Kardashian, László Németh, Lebanon, Leopold Stokowski, Linton Hope, Lisa Edwards, List of foreign ministers of Austria-Hungary, List of Polish monarchs, List of sultans of the Ottoman Empire, Lord Advocate, Lord Chancellor, Lord Kitchener (calypsonian), Louis Feuillée, Lucrezia Borgia, Ludwig Levy, Luigi Alamanni, Luis Martín, Lutheranism, Madrid, Major League Baseball, Malcolm Marshall, Marcel Dassault, Marcel Pagnol, Marcus Schmuck, Maria Bello, Mariah Bell, Marie-Élaine Thibert, Marie-Josephte Corriveau, Mark Tremonti, Martin Luther, Martyr, Matt Cooper (rugby league), Matt Salisbury, Matthias Blübaum, Maurice Edu, Maurice Gamelin, Maurice Goldhaber, Melissa Joan Hart, Mercalli intensity scale, Mercedes Palomino, Meyer Jacobstein, Michael Beloff, Michael Bradley (basketball), Michael D. Higgins, Michael Rutter (motorcyclist), Miguel Cabrera, Mike Vickers, Miklós Rózsa, Milan Jovanović (Serbian footballer, born 1981), Millie Corretjer, Milton Brown, Minister of Foreign Affairs (Canada), Minister of International Trade (Canada), Minister of the Interior (France), Mohammad Najibullah, Molaise of Leighlin, Moses Blah, Nagoya, Nathan Sykes, Newport News Shipbuilding, Niall Ferguson, Nick Farr-Jones, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Oktay Rıfat Horozcu, Oleg Petrov, Operation Praying Mantis, Operation Vengeance, Osbald of Northumbria, Otto Piene, Ottoman Empire, Ottorino Respighi, Patrick Hennessy (industrialist), Paul Callery, Paul Revere, Paul-Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran, Per-Erik Hedlund, Percy Smith (English footballer), Perfectus, Peter Hordern, Peter Van Loan, Phil Simmons, Philip Jackson (sculptor), Pierre Desproges, Pierre Laval, Pierre Pettigrew, Pigmeat Markham, Pitcher, Plato of Sakkoudion, Poland, Polydore Vergil, President of Argentina, President of Fiji, President of France, President of Ireland, President of Liberia, President of Portugal, President of Slovakia, Prime minister, Prime Minister of Italy, Prime Minister of Lebanon, Prime Minister of Poland, Public holidays in Poland, Public holidays in Zimbabwe, Qana massacre, Queen consort, Queen Victoria, Rabiu Afolabi, Régis Wargnier, Real Academia de la Historia, Red Bryant, Reeve Carney, René Lépine, Republic of Ireland Act 1948, Revolt of the Admirals, Rhodesia, Rhodesian dollar, Ricardo Colclough, Ricardo Fortaleza, Richard Bausch, Richard Harding Davis, Rick Moranis, Rico Brogna, Rithy Panh, Robert Bausch, Robert Christgau, Robert Greenberg, Robert Hanssen, Robert Změlík, Roger Graef, Roger Lobo, Roland Garros (aviator), Rosa Clemente, Rosie Huntington-Whiteley, Roy Mason, Royal charter, Russia, Saad Hariri, Sam Crawford, Sam Mills, Samantha Jade, Samuel P. Huntington, San Francisco, Sanford Jay Frank, Scott Hartnell, Secretary of State for Defence, Selfridges Building, Birmingham, Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland, Shinobu Hashimoto, Simas Buterlevičius, Simonds d'Ewes, Simone Farina, Sir Francis Baring, 1st Baronet, Solicitor General for Scotland, Spiritualism, St. Andrew's First Aid, St. Peter's Basilica, Staffan Strand, Stefan Schwarz, Stephen Lekapenos, Steuart Pringle, Steve Blass, Suicide attack, Superior General of the Society of Jesus, Susan Faludi, Swaziland, Sydney Halter, Tadeusz Mazowiecki, Tantia Tope, Tatiana Stefanidou, Tatyana Shchelkanova, Taylor Griffin, Teddy Taylor, Terry Sanford, The Hague, The Spirits Book, Theobald of Bec, Thomas J. Moyer, Thomas Middleton, Thor Heyerdahl, Tina Chow, Tommy Shannon, Tony Mottola, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, Ty LaForest, United Nations, University of Alabama, Vacuum tube, Valeri Kamensky, Vic Albury, Vicente Sotto, Vichy France, Violette Morris, Virginia O'Brien, Vladimir Hütt, Vladimir Serbsky, Wahoo McDaniel, Waldemar Hammenhög, Whitney Museum of American Art, Wilhelm von Grumbach, William Debenham, William Harrison (priest), Wojciech Szczęsny, World War I, World War II, Yankee Stadium (1923), Yelena Zhupiyeva-Vyazova, Yokohama, Zimbabwe, Zimbabwean dollar, 1025, 1161, 1176, 1446, 1480, 1503, 1506, 1518, 1521, 1534, 1552, 1555, 1556, 1567, 1580, 1587, 1590, 1605, 1636, 1650, 1666, 1674, 1689, 1689 Boston revolt, 1732, 1738, 1740, 1759, 1763, 1771, 1772, 1775, 1794, 1796, 1797, 18 April 2007 Baghdad bombings, 18 April 2013 Baghdad bombing, 1802, 1813, 1819, 1831, 1832, 1838, 1847, 1854, 1857, 1858, 1859, 1863, 1864, 1873, 1874, 1877, 1879, 1880, 1882, 1884, 1888, 1889, 1892, 1893, 1897, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1902, 1902 Guatemala earthquake, 1904, 1905, 1906, 1906 San Francisco earthquake, 1907, 1909, 1911, 1912, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1983 United States embassy bombing, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1997 Red River flood, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 359, 588, 727, 796, 812, 850, 909, 943, 963. Expand index (579 more) »

Abdul Rashid Dostum

Abdul Rashid Dostum (عبدالرشید دوستم, Uzbek Latin: Abdul Rashid Do‘stum, Uzbek Cyrillic: Абдул Рашид Дўстум; born 1954) is an Afghan politician and general who has served as Vice President of Afghanistan since 2014.

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Adolphe Thiers

Marie Joseph Louis Adolphe Thiers (15 April 17973 September 1877) was a French statesman and historian.

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Agallianos Kontoskeles

Agallianos Kontoskeles (Ἀγαλλιανός Κοντοσκέλης; died 18 April 727) was a Byzantine military commander and rebel leader.

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Ahmad Shah Massoud

Ahmad Shah Massoud (Dari Persian: احمد شاه مسعود; September 2, 1953September 9, 2001) was an Afghan political and military leader.

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Ahmed I

Ahmed I (احمد اول; I.; 18 April 1590 – 22 November 1617) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1603 until his death in 1617.

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Al Lewis (lyricist)

Al Lewis (April 18, 1901April 4, 1967) was an American lyricist, songwriter and music publisher.

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Al-Wathiq

Abū Jaʿfar Hārūn ibn Muḥammad (أبو جعفر هارون بن محمد المعتصم; 18 April 812 – 10 August 847), better known by his regnal name al-Wāthiq Bi’llāh (الواثق بالله, "He who trusts in God"), was an Abbasid caliph who reigned from 842 until 847 AD (227–232 AH in the Islamic calendar).

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Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).

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Aldo Leão Ramírez

Aldo Leao Ramírez Sierra (born 18 April 1981) is a Colombian footballer who plays for Atlético Nacional.

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Aleah Stanbridge

Aleah Liane Stanbridge (1 July 1976 – 18 April 2016), better known mononymously as Aleah, or Aleah Starbridge, was a South African singer-songwriter based in Örebro, Sweden where she lived until her death.

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Aleksander Mitt

Aleksander Mitt (8 February 1903 in Tartu, Estonia – 18 April 1942, Kirov, Russia) was an Estonian speed skater who competed at the 1928 and 1936 Winter Olympics.

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Alexander Hauck

Alexander Hauck (born 18 April 1988) accessed: 19 March 2010 is a German international rugby union player, playing for the SC 1880 Frankfurt in the Rugby-Bundesliga and the German national rugby union team.

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Alexander Shirvanzade

Alexander Movsesyan (Ալեքսանդր Մինասի Մովսիսյան; 18 April 1858 – 7 August 1935), better known by his pen name Alexander Shirvanzade (Ալեքսանդր Շիրվանզադե) was an Armenian playwright and novelist.

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Alfred Bieler

Alfred "Fredy" Bieler (April 18, 1923 – April 24, 2013) was an ice hockey player for the Swiss national team.

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Allan Kardec

Allan Kardec is the pen name of the French educator, translator and author Hippolyte Léon Denizard Rivail (3 October 1804 – 31 March 1869).

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America Ferrera

America Georgine Ferrera (born April 18, 1984) is an American actress.

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American Revolution

The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.

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André Bazin

André Bazin (18 April 1918 – 11 November 1958) was a renowned and influential French film critic and film theorist.

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Andre Frolov

Andre Frolov (born 18 April 1988) is an Estonian professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Estonian Meistriliiga club Paide Linnameeskond.

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Andrew Ilie

Andrew Ilie (born 18 April 1976 in Bucharest, Romania) is a former tennis player.

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Anna van der Breggen

Anna van der Breggen (born 18 April 1990) is a Dutch professional road bicycle racer, currently riding for cycling team.

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Anne Williams (activist)

Anne Williams (6 February 1951 – 18 April 2013) was a campaigner for the victims of the Hillsborough disaster of 1989, in which 96 Liverpool football fans died at Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield.

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Anthony Davidson

Anthony Denis Davidson (born 18 April 1979) is a British racing driver from England currently racing for Toyota Hybrid Racing in the FIA World Endurance Championship.

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Antioch

Antioch on the Orontes (Antiókheia je epi Oróntou; also Syrian Antioch)Ἀντιόχεια ἡ ἐπὶ Ὀρόντου; or Ἀντιόχεια ἡ ἐπὶ Δάφνῃ, "Antioch on Daphne"; or Ἀντιόχεια ἡ Μεγάλη, "Antioch the Great"; Antiochia ad Orontem; Անտիոք Antiok; ܐܢܛܝܘܟܝܐ Anṭiokya; Hebrew: אנטיוכיה, Antiyokhya; Arabic: انطاكية, Anṭākiya; انطاکیه; Antakya.

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Apollonius the Apologist

Saint Apollonius the Apologist or Saint Apollonius of Rome (died 21 April 185) was a 2nd-century Christian martyr and apologist (not to be confused with Apollinaris Claudius, another contemporary apologist) who was martyred in 185 under the Emperor Commodus (161-192).

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April 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

April 17 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - April 19 All fixed commemorations below are observed on May 1 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.

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Ardito Desio

Count Ardito Desio (18 April 1897 – 12 December 2001) was an Italian explorer, mountain climber, geologist, and cartographer.

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Armed Forces Day

Several nations of the world hold an annual Armed Forces Day in honor of their military forces.

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Arturo Frondizi

Arturo Frondizi Ercoli, GCMG (October 28, 1908 – April 18, 1995) was an Argentine politician and lawyer who acted as the President of Argentina between May 1, 1958, and March 29, 1962, for the Intransigent Radical Civic Union, which he led until 1986.

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Audrey Tang

Audrey Tang (born 18 April 1981; formerly known as Autrijus Tang) is a Taiwanese free software programmer, who has been described as one of the "ten greats of Taiwanese computing." In August 2016, she was invited to join the Taiwan Executive Yuan as a minister without portfolio, making her the first transgender official in the top executive cabinet.

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Austrian Empire

The Austrian Empire (Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1804 to 1919, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs.

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Æthelred I of Northumbria

Æthelred (c. 762 – 18 April 796), was the king of Northumbria from 774 to 779 and again from 790 until he was murdered in 796.

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Óscar Carmona

António Óscar Fragoso Carmona, BTO, ComC, GCA, ComSE, (often called António Óscar de Fragoso Carmona,; 24 November 1869 – 18 April 1951) was the 96th Prime Minister of Portugal and 11th President of Portugal (1926–1951), having been Minister of War in 1923.

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Łukasz Fabiański

Łukasz Fabiański (born 18 April 1985) is a Polish professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Premier League club West Ham United and the Poland national team.

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Babe Ruth

George Herman "Babe" Ruth Jr. (February 6, 1895 – August 16, 1948) was an American professional baseball player whose career in Major League Baseball (MLB) spanned 22 seasons, from 1914 through 1935.

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Baghdad

Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq.

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Bandung

Bandung (Sundanese:, Bandung, formerly Dutch: Bandoeng), is the capital of West Java province in Indonesia and Greater Bandung made up of 2 municipalities and 38 districts, making it Indonesia's 2nd largest metropolitan area with over 8.5 millions inhabitants listed in the 2015 Badan Pusat Statistik data.

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Bandung Conference

The first large-scale Asian–African or Afro–Asian Conference—also known as the Bandung Conference (Konferensi Asia-Afrika)—was a meeting of Asian and African states, most of which were newly independent, which took place on April 18–24, 1955 in Bandung, Indonesia.

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Barbara Hale

Barbara Hale (April 18, 1922 – January 26, 2017) was an American actress best known for her role as legal secretary Della Street on more than 270 episodes of the Perry Mason television series from 1957 to 1966, earning her a 1959 Emmy Award as Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series.

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Battle of Cerro Gordo

The Battle of Cerro Gordo, or Battle of Sierra Gordo, was an engagement that took place during the Mexican–American War on April 18, 1847.

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Battle of Dybbøl

The Battle of Dybbøl (Slaget ved Dybbøl; Erstürmung der Düppeler Schanzen) was the key battle of the Second Schleswig War, fought between Denmark and Prussia.

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Battles of Lexington and Concord

The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War.

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BBC

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.

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Ben Hecht

Ben Hecht (February 28, 1894 – April 18, 1964) was an American screenwriter, director, producer, playwright, journalist, and novelist.

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Bernard Arcand

Bernard Arcand (April 18, 1945 – January 30, 2009) was a French-Canadian anthropologist, author and communicator.

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Bernard Edwards

Bernard Edwards (October 31, 1952 – April 18, 1996) was an American bass player, singer, songwriter and record producer, known primarily for his work in disco music with guitarist Nile Rodgers, with whom he co-founded the band Chic.

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Bertha Isaacs

Dame Bertha Isaacs, DBE (18 April 1900 – 1 August 1997) was a Bahamian teacher, tennis player, women's rights activist and politician.

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Beryl Platt, Baroness Platt of Writtle

Beryl Catherine Platt, Baroness Platt of Writtle (née Myatt; 18 April 1923 – 1 February 2015) was a British Conservative politician and member of the House of Lords.

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Bharat Ratna

The Bharat Ratna (Jewel of India) is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India.

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Bill Miles

William Miles (April 18, 1931 - May 12, 2013) was an American filmmaker.

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Billy Butler (baseball)

Billy Ray Butler (born William Raymond Butler, Jr.; April 18, 1986), nicknamed "Country Breakfast", is an American professional baseball designated hitter and first baseman who is a free agent.

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Blair Late

Blair Madison Late (born in Odessa, Texas on April 18, 1982) is an American solo pop singer, songwriter, actor, and television presenter (on such shows as The Opinionator and Late in the Morning with Blair Late).

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Bolesław I the Brave

Bolesław I the Brave (Bolesław I Chrobry, Boleslav Chrabrý; 967 – 17 June 1025), less often known as Bolesław I the Great (Bolesław I Wielki), was Duke of Poland from 992 to 1025, and the first King of Poland in 1025.

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Bomber

A bomber is a combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targets by dropping air-to-ground weaponry (such as bombs), firing torpedoes and bullets or deploying air-launched cruise missiles.

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Bona Sforza

Bona Sforza (2 February 1494 – 19 November 1557) was a member of the powerful House of Sforza, which ruled the Duchy of Milan since 1447.

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Boston

Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.

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Bougainville Island

Bougainville Island is the main island of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville of Papua New Guinea.

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Brady Clark

Brady William Clark (born April 18, 1973) is a former Major League Baseball outfielder.

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Brazil

Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.

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Brett Deledio

Brett Edward Deledio (born 18 April 1987) is a professional Australian rules footballer playing for the Greater Western Sydney Giants in the Australian Football League (AFL).

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Brian Buscher

Brian Phillip Buscher (born April 18, 1981), nicknamed "The Urban Legend", is a former Major League Baseball third baseman and served in 2011 as the undergraduate assistant coach for the South Carolina Gamecocks baseball team.

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Brian Clay

Brian Joseph 'Poppa' Clay (1935 – 1987) was an Australian rugby league footballer of the 1950s and 1960s.

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Brian Priestman

Brian Priestman (10 February 192718 April 2014) was a British conductor and music educator.

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Brook Berringer

Brook Warren Berringer (July 9, 1973 – April 18, 1996) was an American quarterback for the University of Nebraska football team in the mid-1990s.

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Bruno Sammartino

Bruno Leopoldo Francesco Sammartino (October 6, 1935 – April 18, 2018) was an Italian-born American professional wrestler, best known for his work with the World Wide Wrestling Federation (WWWF, now WWE).

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Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).

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Calendar of saints

The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.

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California

California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.

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Canaan Banana

Canaan Sodindo Banana (5 March 193610 November 2003) served as the first President of Zimbabwe from 18 April 1980 until 31 December 1987.

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Carl Burgos

Carl Burgos (born Max Finkelstein at the Lambiek Comiclopedia; April 18, 1916 – March 1, 1984) for Burgos, Carl, Social Security Number 105-24-1404, with gives only month and year of death.

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Carlos Manuel de Céspedes

Carlos Manuel de Céspedes del Castillo (April 18, 1819, Bayamo, Spanish Cuba – February 27, 1874, San Lorenzo, Spanish Cuba) was a Cuban revolutionary hero.

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Charles Pasqua

Charles Pasqua (18 April 1927 – 29 June 2015) was a French businessman and Gaullist politician.

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Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden

Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, PC (baptised 21 March 1714 – 18 April 1794) was an English lawyer, judge and Whig politician who was first to hold the title of Earl Camden.

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Cindy Pickett

Cindy Pickett (born April 18, 1947) is an American actress.

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Cindy Taylor

Cindy Taylor (born April 18, 1977) is a Paraguayan actress, TV host and model.

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Claire Martin (writer)

Claire Martin, (18 April 1914 – 18 June 2014) was the pseudonym of the Canadian writer Claire Montreuil.

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Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown

Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown (April 18, 1924 – September 10, 2005) was an American musician from Louisiana and Texas.

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Clarence Darrow

Clarence Seward Darrow (April 18, 1857 – March 13, 1938) was an American lawyer, a leading member of the American Civil Liberties Union, and a prominent advocate for Georgist economic reform.

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CliffsNotes

CliffsNotes (formerly Cliffs Notes, originally Cliff's Notes and often, erroneously, CliffNotes) are a series of student study guides available primarily in the United States.

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Clifton Hillegass

Clifton K. Hillegass (18 April 1918, Rising City, Nebraska – 5 May 2001, Lincoln, Nebraska) was the creator and publisher of CliffsNotes.

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Clive Revill

Clive Selsby Revill (born 18 April 1930) is a New Zealand singer and character actor, best known for his performances in musical theatre and on the London stage.

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Conan O'Brien

Conan Christopher O'Brien (born April 18, 1963) is an American television host, comedian, writer, and producer.

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Conrad Logan

Conrad Penzies Logan (born 18 April 1986) is an Irish football goalkeeper who plays for Mansfield Town.

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Cordell Mosson

Cordell "Boogie" Mosson (born Cardell Mosson; October 16, 1952 – April 18, 2013) was an American bassist who was a member of Parliament-Funkadelic.

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Corebus

Corebus (c 117-138) converted to Christianity by St.

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Coria (Corbridge)

Coria was a fort and town south of Hadrian's Wall, in the Roman province of Britannia at a point where a big Roman north–south road (Dere Street) bridged the River Tyne and met another Roman road (Stanegate), which ran east–west between Coria and Luguvalium (the modern Carlisle) in the Solway Plain.

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Cornerstone

The cornerstone (or foundation stone or setting stone) is the first stone set in the construction of a masonry foundation, important since all other stones will be set in reference to this stone, thus determining the position of the entire structure.

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Costas Ferris

Costas Ferris (Κώστας Φέρρης; born 18 April 1935) is a Greek film director, writer, actor, and producer.

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Count Leopold Berchtold

Leopold (Anton Johann Sigismund Josef Korsinus Ferdinand) Graf Berchtold von und zu Ungarschitz, Frättling und Püllütz (Gróf Berchtold Lipót, Leopold hrabě Berchtold z Uherčic) (18 April 1863 – 21 November 1942), was an Austro-Hungarian politician, diplomat and statesman who served as Imperial Foreign Minister at the outbreak of World War I.

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Cunard Line

Cunard Line is a British-American cruise line based at Carnival House at Southampton, England, operated by Carnival UK and owned by Carnival Corporation & plc.

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Cyril VI of Constantinople

Cyril VI (Κύριλλος ΣΤ΄), lay name Konstantinos Serpetzoglou (Κωνσταντίνος Σερπεντζόγλου) was the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople between the years 1813 and 1818.

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Dale Winton

Dale Jonathan Winton (22 May 1955 – 18 April 2018) was an English radio DJ and television presenter.

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Dan LaCouture

Daniel Scott LaCouture (born April 18, 1977) is an American former professional ice hockey left winger who played in the National Hockey League (NHL).

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Danny Guthrie

Danny Sean Guthrie (born 18 April 1987) is an English professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Indonesian Liga 1 club Mitra Kukar.

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Darren Sutherland

Darren John Sutherland (18 April 1982 – 14 September 2009) was an Irish professional boxer from Mulhuddart, Dublin.

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Dassault Aviation

Dassault Aviation SA is an international French aircraft manufacturer of military, regional, and business jets, a subsidiary of Dassault Group.

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David McClarty

David McClarty (23 February 1951 – 18 April 2014) was an Independent Unionist politician from Northern Ireland.

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David Ricardo

David Ricardo (18 April 1772 – 11 September 1823) was a British political economist, one of the most influential of the classical economists along with Thomas Malthus, Adam Smith and James Mill.

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David Tennant

David Tennant (born David John McDonald; 18 April 1971) is a Scottish actor and voice actor.

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Days of Military Honour

The Days of Military Honour (Дни воинской славы, dni voinskoy slavy) are special memorable dates in the Russian Armed Forces dedicated to the most outstanding victories won by Russia.

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Debenhams

Debenhams plc is a British multinational retailer operating under a department store format in the United Kingdom and Ireland with franchise stores in other countries. The company was founded in the eighteenth century as a single store in London and has now grown to 178 locations across the UK, Ireland and Denmark. It sells a range of clothing, household items and furniture and has been known since 1993 for its 'Designers at Debenhams' brand range. Headquartered in Regent's Place in the London Borough of Camden, Debenhams is listed on the London Stock Exchange. The company owns the Danish department store chain, Magasin du Nord, and has a subsidiary in Ireland.

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Democratic Republic of Afghanistan

The Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (DRA; جمهوری دمکراتی افغانستان,; دافغانستان دمکراتی جمهوریت), renamed in 1987 to the Republic of Afghanistan (جمهوری افغانستان;; د افغانستان جمهوریت), commonly known as Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Afġānistān), existed from 1978 to 1992 and covers the period when the socialist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) ruled Afghanistan.

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Derrick Brooks

Derrick Dewan Brooks (born April 18, 1973) is an American former football linebacker who played in the National Football League (NFL) for fourteen seasons.

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Dhondo Keshav Karve

Dhondo Keshav Karve was born at ‘Sheravali’; his ancestral home.

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Dick Clark

Richard Wagstaff Clark (November 30, 1929 – April 18, 2012) was an American radio and television personality, television producer and film actor, as well as a cultural icon who remains best known for hosting American Bandstand from 1957 to 1987.

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Dick Clark Productions

Dick Clark Productions (stylized as dick clark productions by the studio, and often abbreviated dcp) is an American entertainment production company founded by entertainer Dick Clark.

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Diet of Worms

The Diet of Worms 1521 (Reichstag zu Worms) was an imperial diet (assembly) of the Holy Roman Empire held at the Heylshof Garden in Worms, then an Imperial Free City of the Empire.

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Dionysius II of Antioch

Dionysius II (died 18 April 909 was the Patriarch of Antioch, and head of the Syriac Orthodox Church from 896 until his death in 909.

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Divock Origi

Divock Okoth Origi (born 18 April 1995) is a Belgian professional footballer who plays as a forward for Liverpool, and the Belgium national team.

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Doolittle Raid

The Doolittle Raid, also known as the Tokyo Raid, on Saturday, April 18, 1942, was an air raid by the United States on the Japanese capital Tokyo and other places on the island of Honshu during World War II, the first air operation to strike the Japanese Home Islands.

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Dorothy Lyman

Dorothy Lyman (born April 18, 1947) is an American television actress, director and producer.

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Doug Insole

Douglas John "Doug" Insole CBE (18 April 1926 – 5 August 2017) The Daily Telegraph was an English cricketer, who played for Cambridge University, Essex and in nine Test matches for England, five of them on the 1956–57 tour of South Africa, where he was vice-captain to Peter May.

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Doug Peden

James Douglas "Doug" Peden (April 18, 1916 – April 11, 2005) was a Canadian basketball player who competed at the 1936 Summer Olympics.

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Duchy of Schleswig

The Duchy of Schleswig (Hertugdømmet Slesvig; Herzogtum Schleswig; Low German: Sleswig; North Frisian: Slaswik) was a duchy in Southern Jutland (Sønderjylland) covering the area between about 60 km north and 70 km south of the current border between Germany and Denmark.

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Duffy Lewis

George Edward "Duffy" Lewis (April 18, 1888 – June 17, 1979), born in San Francisco, California, was a left fielder and right-handed batter who played Major League Baseball for the Boston Red Sox (1910–17), New York Yankees (1919–20) and Washington Senators (1921).

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Dylan Tombides

Dylan James Tombides (8 March 1994 – 18 April 2014) was an Australian football player who played as a striker for West Ham United and the Australian under-17 and under-23 teams.

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Ealdorman

An ealdorman (from Old English ealdorman, lit. "elder man"; plural: "ealdormen") was a high-ranking royal official and prior magistrate of an Anglo-Saxon shire or group of shires from about the ninth century to the time of King Cnut.

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Eastern Orthodox Church

The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.

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Edgar F. Codd

Edgar Frank "Ted" Codd (19 August 1923 – 18 April 2003) was an English computer scientist who, while working for IBM, invented the relational model for database management, the theoretical basis for relational databases and relational database management systems.

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Edmund Andros

Sir Edmund Andros (6 December 1637 – 24 February 1714) was an English colonial administrator in North America.

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Eduard Kosolapov

Eduard Viktorovich Kosolapov (Эдуард Викторович Косолапов; 27 March 1976 – 18 April 2014) was a Russian professional footballer.

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Edward Barker (cartoonist)

John Edward Barker (31 May 1950 – 18 April 1997) was an English cartoonist, best known for his work in International Times and The Observer in the late 1960s and early 1970s, including the comic strip "The Largactilites" (later renamed "The Galactilites").

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Efraín Velarde

Efraín Velarde Calvillo (born 18 April 1986) is a Mexican footballer, who plays at defender for Monterrey.

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Egypt

Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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Eleutherius and Antia

Eleutherius (or Eleut(h)erus or Eleftherios; sometimes called Liberalis or Liberator, the former transliterations and the latter translations of his Ἐλευθέριος) and his mother Antia (or Anthia) (Ἀνθία, Santi Eleuterio e Anzia) are venerated as Christian saints and martyrs.

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Eli Roth

Eli Raphael Roth (born April 18, 1972) is an American film director, producer, writer, and actor.

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Erasmus Darwin

Erasmus Darwin (12 December 173118 April 1802) was an English physician.

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Eric McCormack

Eric James McCormack (born April 18, 1963) is a Canadian-American actor known for his role as Will Truman in the American sitcom Will & Grace and Dr.

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Eric Roberts

Eric Anthony Roberts (born April 18, 1956) is an American actor.

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Ernie Pyle

Ernest Taylor Pyle (August 3, 1900 – April 18, 1945) was a Pulitzer Prize–winning American journalist.

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Erwin Waldner

Erwin Waldner (24 January 1933 – 18 April 2015) was a German footballer.

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Esther Afua Ocloo

Esther Afua Ocloo (born Esther Afua Nkulenu, 18 April 1919 – 8 February 2002) was a Ghanaian entrepreneur and pioneer of microlending, a program of making small loans in order to stimulate businesses.

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Ethan Cohn

Ethan Cohn (born April 18, 1979) is an American actor.

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Eugene Houdry

Eugène Jules Houdry (Domont, April 18, 1892 – Upper Darby, Pennsylvania, July 18, 1962) was a French, later naturalised American, mechanical engineer (graduated from École Nationale Supérieure d'Arts et Métiers in 1911) who invented catalytic cracking of petroleum feed stocks.

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Federal Bureau of Investigation

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), formerly the Bureau of Investigation (BOI), is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, and its principal federal law enforcement agency.

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François Leroux

François "Frankie" Leroux (born April 18, 1970) is a Canadian former professional ice hockey player.

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Frances D'Souza, Baroness D'Souza

Frances Gertrude Claire D'Souza, Baroness D'Souza, (née Russell; born 18 April 1944) is a British scientist and life peer.

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Frank Mulholland, Lord Mulholland

Francis Mulholland, Lord Mulholland, (born 18 April 1959) is a Scottish judge who has been a Senator of the College of Justice since 2016.

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Franz von Suppé

Franz von Suppé or Francesco Suppé Demelli (18 April 181921 May 1895) was an Austrian composer of light operas and other theatre music.

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Friendship Day

Friendship Day (اليوم الدولي للصداقة,, Journée internationale de l’amitié, Международный день дружбы, Día del Amigo) is a day for celebrating friendship.

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Fujiwara no Atsutada

was a middle Heian waka and Japanese nobleman.

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Gabriel Axel

Axel Gabriel Erik Mørch better known as Gabriel Axel (18 April 1918 – 9 February 2014)Ronald Bergan, The Guardian, 10 February 2014 was a Danish film director, actor, writer and producer, best known for Babette's Feast (1987), which he wrote and directed.

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Galdino della Sala

Saint Galdino della Sala (native Galdìn) (c. 1096 – 18 April 1176), or Saint Galdinus (or Galdimus), was a Roman Catholic saint from Milan in northern Italy.

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Gamal Abdel Nasser

Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussein (جمال عبد الناصر حسين,; 15 January 1918 – 28 September 1970) was the second President of Egypt, serving from 1956 until his death in 1970.

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Gavin Creel

Gavin James Creel (born April 18, 1976) is an American actor, singer, and songwriter.

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Geoff Bodine

Geoffrey Eli "Geoff" Bodine (born April 18, 1949) is a retired American motorsport driver and bobsled builder. He is the oldest of the three Bodine brothers (with Brett Bodine and Todd Bodine). Bodine currently lives in West Melbourne, Florida. Bodine's racing career seemed to be on track right from the start as his father and grandfather, Eli Bodine Jr. and Sr. built Chemung Speedrome just a year after he was born. He began learning his racing skills at this track in the micro-midget division when he was only five years old. He had such an itch to race that he disguised himself as a lady and entered a Powderpuff Division Race when he was 15. In 2011, he drove for Tommy Baldwin Racing in the Sprint Cup Series, alternating between the Nos. 35 and 36 teams, with sponsorship from Luke & Associates.

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George Bryant (archer)

George Phillip "Phil" Bryant (February 22, 1878 – April 18, 1938) was an American archer who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.

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George H. Hitchings

George Herbert Hitchings (April 18, 1905 – February 27, 1998) was an American doctor who shared the 1988 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Sir James Black and Gertrude Elion "for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment," Hitchings specifically for his work on chemotherapy.

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George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys

George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys of Wem, PC (15 May 1645 – 18 April 1689), also known as "The Hanging Judge", was a Welsh judge.

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George Shirley

George Irving Shirley (born April 18, 1934) is an American operatic tenor, and was the first African-American tenor to perform a leading role at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City.

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Germaine Tillion

Germaine Tillion (30 May 1907 – 18 April 2008) was a French ethnologist, best known for her work in Algeria in the 1950s on behalf of the French government.

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Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney

Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney (January 9, 1875 – April 18, 1942) was an American sculptor, art patron and collector, and founder in 1931 of the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City.

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Giacomo Carissimi

Giacomo Carissimi (baptized 18 April 160512 January 1674) was an Italian composer and music teacher.

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Giuseppe Pella

Giuseppe Pella (18 April 1902 – 31 May 1981) was an Italian Christian Democratic politician who served as the 31st Prime Minister of Italy from 1953 to 1954.

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Glen Hardin

Glen Dee Hardin (born April 18, 1939) is an American piano player and arranger.

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Gniezno

Gniezno (Gnesen) is a city in central-western Poland, about east of Poznań, with about 70,000 inhabitants.

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Goran Švob

Goran Švob (29 May 1947 – 18 April 2013) was a Croatian philosopher, logician, and author.

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Governor of North Carolina

The Governor of North Carolina is the head of the executive branch of the U.S. state of North Carolina's state government and serves as commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.

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Graham Rowntree

Graham Christopher Rowntree (born 18 April 1971) is a former English rugby union player.

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Grand Forks, North Dakota

Grand Forks is the third-largest city in the state of North Dakota (after Fargo and Bismarck) and is the county seat of Grand Forks County.

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Gratian

Gratian (Flavius Gratianus Augustus; Γρατιανός; 18 April/23 May 359 – 25 August 383) was Roman emperor from 367 to 383.

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Greco-Turkish War (1897)

The Greco-Turkish War of 1897, also called the Thirty Days' War and known in Greece as the Black '97 (Mauro '97) or the Unfortunate War (Ατυχής πόλεμος, Atychis polemos) (Turkish: 1897 Osmanlı-Yunan Savaşı or 1897 Türk-Yunan Savaşı), was a war fought between the Kingdom of Greece and the Ottoman Empire.

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Greg Camarillo

Greg Camarillo (born April 18, 1982) is a former American football wide receiver.

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Greg Eklund

Greg Eklund (born April 18, 1970 Jacksonville, Florida, United States), is an American musician/drummer.

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Grigory Sokolov

Grigory Lipmanovich Sokolov (Григо́рий Ли́пманович Соколо́в) born April 18, 1950, is a Russian concert pianist.

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Guatemala

Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast.

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Guillermo González Camarena

Guillermo González Camarena (17 February 1917 – 18 April 1965), was a Mexican electrical engineer who was the inventor of a color-wheel type of color television, and who also introduced color television to Mexico.

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Guru Dhanapal

Guru Dhanapal (2 March 1959 – 18 April 2014) was an Indian film director, who worked in Tamil cinema.

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Gustave Moreau

Gustave Moreau (6 April 1826 – 18 April 1898) was a major figure in French Symbolist painting whose main emphasis was the illustration of biblical and mythological figures.

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Haile Gebrselassie

Haile Gebrselassie (ኃይሌ ገብረ ሥላሴ, haylē gebre silassē; born 18 April 1973) is a retired Ethiopian long-distance track and road running athlete.

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Hayley Mills

Hayley Catherine Rose Vivien Mills (born 18 April 1946) is an English actress.

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Heligoland

Heligoland (Helgoland; Heligolandic Frisian: deät Lun, Mooring Frisian: Hålilönj) is a small German archipelago in the North Sea.

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Henderson Álvarez

Henderson Javier Álvarez (born April 18, 1990) is a Venezuelan professional baseball pitcher for the Tigres de Quintana Roo of the Mexican League.

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Henry Hyde

Henry John Hyde (April 18, 1924 – November 29, 2007), an American politician, was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from 1975 to 2007, representing the 6th District of Illinois, an area of Chicago's northwestern suburbs which included O'Hare International Airport.

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Henry II of Navarre

Henry II (18 April 1503 – 25 May 1555), nicknamed Sangüesino because he was born at Sangüesa, was the King of Navarre from 1517, although his kingdom had been reduced to a small territory north of the Pyrenees by the Spanish conquest of 1512.

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Ian Campbell (triple jumper)

Ian Bernard Campbell (born 18 April 1957 in Victoria) is a retired long and triple jumper from Australia, who represented his native country at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, USSR.

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Ibrahim al-Asiri

Ibrahim Hassan Tali al-Asiri (born April 18, 1982) is a citizen of Saudi Arabia suspected of being chief bomb-maker of al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula.

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Iccho Itoh

, born, was the mayor of the Japanese city of Nagasaki; he first took office in 1995.

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Ilario Bandini

Ilario Bandini (18 April 1911 – 12 April 1992) was an Italian businessman, racing driver, and racing car manufacturer.

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Indonesia

Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.

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International Amateur Radio Union

The International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) is an international confederation of national amateur radio organisations that allows a forum for common matters of concern and collectively represents matters to the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).

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International Court of Justice

The International Court of Justice (abbreviated ICJ; commonly referred to as the World Court) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN).

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International Day For Monuments and Sites

The International Day for Monuments and Sites also known as World Heritage Day is an international observance held on 18 April each year around the world with different types of activities, including visits to monuments and heritage sites, conferences, round tables and newspaper articles.

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Ioana Ducu

Ioana Ducu (born 18 April 1996 in Bucharest) is a former Romanian tennis player.

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Ippolita Maria Sforza

Ippolita Maria Sforza (18 April 1446 – 20 August 1484) was an Italian noble woman, a member of the Sforza family which ruled the Duchy of Milan from 1450 until 1535.

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Iran

Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).

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Irving Cummings

Irving Camisky (October 9, 1888 – April 18, 1959) was an American movie actor, director, producer and writer.

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Isaac Babalola Akinyele

Oba Sir Isaac Babalola Akinyele, KBE (18 April 1882 – 30 May 1964) was the first educated Olubadan (non-hereditary traditional ruler) of Ibadan, and the second Christian to ascend the throne.

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Isoroku Yamamoto

was a Japanese Marshal Admiral of the Navy and the commander-in-chief of the Combined Fleet during World War II until his death.

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Israel Defense Forces

The Israel Defense Forces (IDF; צְבָא הַהֲגָנָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, lit. "The Army of Defense for Israel"; جيش الدفاع الإسرائيلي), commonly known in Israel by the Hebrew acronym Tzahal, are the military forces of the State of Israel.

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Ivan Tričkovski

Ivan Tričkovski (Macedonian Cyrillic: Иван Тричковски) (born 18 April 1987 in Skopje) is a Macedonian footballer who plays for AEK Larnaca in the Cypriot First Division.

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Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić

Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić (18 April 1874 – 21 September 1938) was a Croatian writer.

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Jaan Anvelt

Jaan Anvelt (in Russian Ян Анвельт, also known by the pseudonyms Eessaare Aadu, Jaan Holm, Jaan Hulmu, Kaarel Maatamees, Onkel Kaak or Н. Альтъ; 18 April 1884 – 11 December 1937), was a Soviet revolutionary, leader of the Communist Party of Estonia, the first Premier of Soviet Estonia, and the Chairman of the Council of The Commune of the Working People of Estonia (Estonian Eesti Töörahva Kommuun).

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Jacques Widerkehr

Jacques Christian Michel Widerkehr l'aîné (also Wiederkehr, Viderkehr; 18 April 1759 – April 1823) was an Alsatian composer and cellist of the classical era.

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Jake Howells

Jake Thomas Howells (born 18 April 1991) is a semi-professional footballer who plays as a defender or a midfielder for club Billericay Town.

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James Drury

James Child Drury Jr. (born April 18, 1934) is an American actor best known for his success in playing the title role in the 90-minute weekly Western television series The Virginian, broadcast on NBC from 1962–71.

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James McCune Smith

James McCune Smith (April 18, 1813 – November 17, 1865) was an African-American physician, apothecary, abolitionist, and author.

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James Woods

James Howard Woods (born April 18, 1947) is an American actor, voice actor, and producer.

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Jan Kaplický

Jan Kaplický (18 April 1937 – 14 January 2009) was a world-renowned Neofuturistic Czech architect who spent a significant part of his life in the United Kingdom.

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Jane Leeves

Jane Elizabeth Leeves (born 18 April 1961) is an English actress, model, producer, comedienne, singer, and dancer.

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Japan

Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Japanese patent law

Japanese patent law is based on the first-to-file principle and is mainly given force by the Patent Act (特許法 Tokkyohō) of Japan.

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Jean Richard

Jean Richard (18 April 1921 in Bessines, Deux-Sevres – 12 December 2001 in Senlis, Oise) was a French actor, comedian, and circus entrepreneur.

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Jean-Féry Rebel

Jean-Féry Rebel (18 April 1666 – 2 January 1747) was an innovative French Baroque composer and violinist.

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Jeanne-Elisabeth Chaudet

Jeanne-Elisabeth Chaudet (née Gabiou; died 18 April 1832) was a French painter and the wife of the sculptor Antoine Denis Chaudet.

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Jeff Dunham

Jeffrey "Jeff" Dunham (born April 18, 1962) is an American ventriloquist and comedian who has also appeared on numerous television shows, including Late Show with David Letterman, Comedy Central Presents, The Tonight Show and Sonny With a Chance.

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Jerzy Stuhr

Jerzy Oskar Stuhr (born 18 April 1947) is one of the most popular, influential and versatile Polish film and theatre actors.

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Jessica Jung

Jessica Jung (born April 18, 1989), known professionally as Jessica, is an American singer, songwriter, actress, model, fashion designer, and businesswoman currently based in South Korea.

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Jessie Street

Jessie Mary Grey Street (née Lillingston, commonly known as Lady Street; 18 April 1889 – 2 July 1970) was an Australian suffragette and an extensive campaigner for peace and human rights.

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Joan of Arc

Joan of Arc (Jeanne d'Arc; 6 January c. 1412Modern biographical summaries often assert a birthdate of 6 January for Joan, which is based on a letter from Lord Perceval de Boulainvilliers on 21 July 1429 (see Pernoud's Joan of Arc By Herself and Her Witnesses, p. 98: "Boulainvilliers tells of her birth in Domrémy, and it is he who gives us an exact date, which may be the true one, saying that she was born on the night of Epiphany, 6 January"). – 30 May 1431), nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans" (La Pucelle d'Orléans), is considered a heroine of France for her role during the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years' War and was canonized as a Roman Catholic saint.

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Jochen Rindt

Karl Jochen Rindt (18 April 1942 – 5 September 1970) was a German-born racing driver who represented Austria during his career.

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Johan Wilcke

Johan Carl Wilcke was a Swedish physicist.

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John Ambrose Fleming

Sir John Ambrose Fleming FRS (29 November 1849 – 18 April 1945), an English electrical engineer and physicist, invented the first thermionic valve or vacuum tube, and also established the left-hand rule for electric motors.

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John F. Wiley

John Franklin "Smiling Jack" Wiley (April 18, 1920 – March 25, 2013) was an American football player and coach.

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John Foxe

John Foxe (1516/17 – 18 April 1587) was an English historian and martyrologist, the author of Actes and Monuments (popularly known as Foxe's Book of Martyrs), an account of Christian martyrs throughout Western history, but emphasizing the sufferings of English Protestants and proto-Protestants from the 14th century through the reign of Mary I. Widely owned and read by English Puritans, the book helped to mould British popular opinion about the Catholic Church for several centuries.

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John Graunt

John Graunt (24 April 1620 – 18 April 1674) was one of the first demographers, though by profession he was a haberdasher.

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John Leland (antiquary)

John Leland or Leyland (13 September, – 18 April 1552) was an English poet and antiquary.

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John Podhoretz

John Mordecai Podhoretz (born April 18, 1961) is an American writer.

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Joseph L. Goldstein

Joseph Leonard Goldstein (born April 18, 1940) is an American biochemist.

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Joy Davidman

Helen Joy Davidman (18 April 1915 – 13 July 1960) was an American poet and writer.

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Jozef Tiso

Jozef Tiso (13 October 1887 –18 April 1947) was a Slovak politician and Roman Catholic priest who governed the Slovak Republic from 1939 to 1945, a satellite state of Nazi Germany during World War II.

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Julius Caesar (judge)

Sir Julius Caesar (1557/155818 April 1636) was an English lawyer, judge and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1589 and 1622.

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Junior Torunarigha

Junior Torunarigha (born 18 April 1990) is a Nigerian professional footballer who plays for German club Alemannia Aachen, as a forward.

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Juris Alunāns

Juris Alunāns (real name Gustavs Georgs Frīdrihs Alunāns; May 13, 1832 – April 18, 1864) was a Latvian writer and philologist in the Russian Empire.

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Justin Levens

Justin Robert Levens (April 18, 1980 – December 17, 2008) was an American mixed martial artist who last competed in the Middleweight division.

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Justin Ross

Justin D. Ross (born April 18, 1976) is an American politician who served in the Maryland House of Delegates from 2003 to 2012.

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Justus von Liebig

Justus Freiherr von Liebig (12 May 1803 – 18 April 1873) was a German chemist who made major contributions to agricultural and biological chemistry, and was considered the founder of organic chemistry.

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K'an II

K'an II (born on April 18, 588, died on July 21, 658; Ruler V, Lord Stormwater Moon and Antenna Top II) was a Maya ruler of Caracol (in present day Belize).

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K. D. Wentworth

Kathy Diane Wentworth (January 27, 1951 – April 18, 2012), known as K. D. Wentworth, was an American science fiction author.

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Kabul

Kabul (کابل) is the capital of Afghanistan and its largest city, located in the eastern section of the country.

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Kamisese Mara

Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara, CF, GCMG, KBE (6 May 1920 – 18 April 2004) is considered the founding father of the modern nation of Fiji.

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Karl Josef Becker

Karl Josef Becker S.J. (18 April 1928 – 10 February 2015) was a German Catholic theologian and consultor for the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith since 15 September 1977.

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Karl Miller (footballer)

Karl Miller (2 October 1913 – 18 April 1967) was a German international footballer.

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Karl Philipp, Prince of Schwarzenberg

Karl Philipp, Fürst zu Schwarzenberg (or Charles Philip, Prince of Schwarzenberg; 18/19 April 1771 – 15 October 1820) was an Austrian field marshal.

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Kathy Acker

Kathy Acker (April 18, 1947 – November 30, 1997) was an American experimental novelist, punk poet, playwright, essayist, postmodernist and sex-positive feminist writer.

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Keith DeCandido

Keith Robert Andreassi DeCandido (born April 18, 1969 in New York City) is an American science fiction and fantasy writer and musician, who works on comic books, novels, role-playing games and video games, including numerous media tie-in books for properties such as Star Trek, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Doctor Who, Supernatural, Andromeda, Farscape, Leverage, Spider-Man, X-Men, Sleepy Hollow, and Stargate SG-1.

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Kelly Hansen

Kelly Hansen (born April 18, 1961) is an American singer, best known as the current lead singer of the rock band Foreigner.

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Kenny Ortega

Kenneth John Ortega (born April 18, 1950) is an American producer, director, and choreographer.

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Kingdom of Northumbria

The Kingdom of Northumbria (Norþanhymbra rīce) was a medieval Anglian kingdom in what is now northern England and south-east Scotland.

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Kingdom of Prussia

The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.

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Kobe

is the sixth-largest city in Japan and the capital city of Hyōgo Prefecture.

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Korneli Kekelidze

Korneli Kekelidze (კორნელი კეკელიძე) (April 18, 1879 – June 7, 1962) was a Georgian philologist, scholar of Georgian literature, and one of the founding fathers of the Tbilisi State University where he chaired the Department of the History of Old Georgian Literature from 1918 until his death.

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Kourtney Kardashian

Kourtney Mary Kardashian (born April 18, 1979) is an American television personality, socialite, businesswoman and model.

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László Németh

László Németh (18 April 1901 – 3 March 1975) was a Hungarian dentist, writer, dramatist and essayist.

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Lebanon

Lebanon (لبنان; Lebanese pronunciation:; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.

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Leopold Stokowski

Leopold Anthony Stokowski (18 April 188213 September 1977) was an English conductor of Polish and Irish descent.

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Linton Hope

Linton Chorley Hope FRAes (18 April 1863 – 20 December 1920) was a sailor from Great Britain, who represented his country at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Meulan, France.

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Lisa Edwards

Lisa Anne Edwards (born 18 April 1958) is an Australian solo and session singer and musician.

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List of foreign ministers of Austria-Hungary

This is a list of foreign ministers (Außenminister) of the Habsburg Monarchy, of the Austrian Empire, and of Austria-Hungary up to 1918.

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List of Polish monarchs

Poland was ruled at various times either by dukes (the 10th–14th century) or by kings (the 11th-18th century).

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List of sultans of the Ottoman Empire

The sultans of the Ottoman Empire (Osmanlı padişahları), who were all members of the Ottoman dynasty (House of Osman), ruled over the transcontinental empire from its perceived inception in 1299 to its dissolution in 1922.

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Lord Advocate

Her Majesty's Advocate, known as the Lord Advocate (Morair Tagraidh, Laird Advocat), is the chief legal officer of the Scottish Government and the Crown in Scotland for both civil and criminal matters that fall within the devolved powers of the Scottish Parliament.

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Lord Chancellor

The Lord Chancellor, formally the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, is the highest ranking among those Great Officers of State which are appointed regularly in the United Kingdom, nominally outranking even the Prime Minister.

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Lord Kitchener (calypsonian)

Aldwin Roberts (18 April 1922 – 11 February 2000), better known by the stage name Lord Kitchener (or "Kitch"), was an internationally known Trinidadian calypsonian.

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Louis Feuillée

Louis Éconches Feuillée (sometimes spelled Feuillet) (1660, Mane, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence – 18 April 1732) was a French member of the Order of the Minims, explorer, astronomer, geographer, and botanist.

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Lucrezia Borgia

Lucrezia Borgia (Lucrècia Borja; 18 April 1480 – 24 June 1519) was an Italian noblewoman of the House of Borgia who was the daughter of Pope Alexander VI and Vannozza dei Cattanei.

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Ludwig Levy

Ludwig Levy (18 April 1854 – 30 November 1907) was a German Jewish architect of the Historicist school.

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Luigi Alamanni

Luigi Alamanni (sometimes spelt Alemanni) (6 March 149518 April 1556) was an Italian poet and statesman.

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Luis Martín

Very Rev.

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Lutheranism

Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.

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Madrid

Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.

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Major League Baseball

Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.

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Malcolm Marshall

, Malcolm Denzil Marshall (18 April 1958 – 4 November 1999) was a West Indian cricketer.

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Marcel Dassault

Marcel Dassault (born Marcel Bloch; 22 January 1892 – 17 April 1986) was a French aircraft industrialist.

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Marcel Pagnol

Marcel Pagnol (28 February 1895 – 18 April 1974) was a French novelist, playwright, and filmmaker.

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Marcus Schmuck

Marcus Schmuck (April 18, 1925 – August 21, 2005) was an Austrian mountaineer.

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Maria Bello

Maria Elena Bello (born April 18, 1967) is an American actress and writer.

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Mariah Bell

Mariah Cheyenne Bell (born April 18, 1996) is an American figure skater.

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Marie-Élaine Thibert

Marie-Élaine Thibert (born April 18, 1982) is a Canadian adult contemporary and pop singer based in Quebec.

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Marie-Josephte Corriveau

Marie-Josephte Corriveau (1733 at Saint-Vallier, Quebec – at Quebec City), better known as "la Corriveau", is a well-known figure in Québécois folklore.

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Mark Tremonti

Mark Thomas Tremonti (born April 18, 1974) is an American musician, singer, and songwriter, best known as the lead guitarist of the rock bands Creed and Alter Bridge.

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Martin Luther

Martin Luther, (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.

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Martyr

A martyr (Greek: μάρτυς, mártys, "witness"; stem μάρτυρ-, mártyr-) is someone who suffers persecution and death for advocating, renouncing, refusing to renounce, or refusing to advocate a belief or cause as demanded by an external party.

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Matt Cooper (rugby league)

Matt Cooper (born 18 April 1979) is an Australian former professional rugby league footballer of the 2000s and 2010s.

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Matt Salisbury

Matthew Edward Thomas Salisbury (born 18 April 1993 in Chelmsford) is an English cricketer who plays for Hampshire County Cricket Club in first-class matches as a righthanded batsman who bowls right arm medium-fast pace.

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Matthias Blübaum

Matthias Blübaum (born 18 April 1997) is a German chess grandmaster.

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Maurice Edu

Edu Maurice Edu, Jr. (born April 18, 1986) is an American soccer player.

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Maurice Gamelin

Maurice Gustave Gamelin (20 September 1872 – 18 April 1958) was a senior French Army general.

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Maurice Goldhaber

Maurice Goldhaber (April 18, 1911 – May 11, 2011) was an Austrian-born American physicist, who in 1957 (with Lee Grodzins and Andrew Sunyar) established that neutrinos have negative helicity.

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Melissa Joan Hart

Melissa Joan Hart (born April 18, 1976) is an American actress, voice artist, director, producer, singer, fashion designer, and businesswoman.

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Mercalli intensity scale

The Mercalli intensity scale is a seismic intensity scale used for measuring the intensity of an earthquake.

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Mercedes Palomino

Mercedes Palomino (February 2, 1913 – April 18, 2006) was a Spanish-born Quebec actor and theatre director.

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Meyer Jacobstein

Meyer Jacobstein (January 25, 1880 – April 18, 1963) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from New York.

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Michael Beloff

Michael Jacob Beloff, QC (born 18 April 1942) is an English barrister.

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Michael Bradley (basketball)

Michael Thomas Bradley (born April 18, 1979) is an American former professional basketball player and businessman.

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Michael D. Higgins

Michael Daniel Higgins (Mícheál Dónal Ó hUiginn; born 18 April 1941) is an Irish politician who has served as the 9th President of Ireland since November 2011.

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Michael Rutter (motorcyclist)

Michael Karl Rutter (born 18 April 1972 in Wordsley, West Midlands) nicknamed "The Blade", is a British motorcycle racer.

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Miguel Cabrera

José Miguel Cabrera Torres (born April 18, 1983), commonly known as Miguel Cabrera and nicknamed "Miggy", is a Venezuelan professional baseball player.

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Mike Vickers

Michael "Mike" Vickers (born 18 April 1940) is a British musician who came to prominence as guitarist, flautist and saxophonist with the 1960s band, Manfred Mann.

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Miklós Rózsa

Miklós Rózsa (18 April 1907 – 27 July 1995) was a Hungarian-American composer trained in Germany (1925–1931), and active in France (1931–1935), the United Kingdom (1935–1940), and the United States (1940–1995), with extensive sojourns in Italy from 1953.

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Milan Jovanović (Serbian footballer, born 1981)

Milan "Lane" Jovanović (Serbian Cyrillic: Милан Јовановић, born 18 April 1981) is a former Serbian footballer who played as a winger.

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Millie Corretjer

Milagros Ninette Corretjer Maldonado, known as, Millie Corretjer (born April 18, 1974, is a Puerto Rican singer and actress. She is married to retired boxer Oscar De La Hoya. She's also known for being the granddaughter of influential poet and one-time Secretary General of the pro-independence Puerto Rican Nationalist Party Juan Antonio Corretjer.

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Milton Brown

Milton Brown (September 7, 1903 – April 18, 1936) was an American band leader and vocalist who co-founded the genre of Western swing.

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Minister of Foreign Affairs (Canada)

The Minister of Foreign Affairs (Ministre des Affaires étrangères) is the Minister of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet who is responsible for overseeing the federal government's international relations and heads the Department of Global Affairs, though the Minister of International Trade leads on international trade issues.

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Minister of International Trade (Canada)

The Minister of International Trade is a Minister of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet.

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Minister of the Interior (France)

The Minister of the Interior (Ministre de l'Intérieur) is an important position in the Government of France.

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Mohammad Najibullah

Najibullah Ahmadzai (ډاکټر نجیب ﷲ احمدزی; February 1947 – 27 September 1996), commonly known as Najibullah or Dr.

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Molaise of Leighlin

Saint Molaise of Leighlin, also Laisrén or Laserian (died ca. 639), was an early Irish saint and abbot of Lethglenn or Leithglenn, now Old Leighlin in Co.

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Moses Blah

Moses Zeh Blah (18 April 1947 – 1 April 2013) was a Liberian politician.

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Nagoya

is the largest city in the Chūbu region of Japan.

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Nathan Sykes

Nathan James Sykes (born 18 April 1993) is an English singer, songwriter and record producer.

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Newport News Shipbuilding

Newport News Shipbuilding (NNS), a division of Huntington Ingalls Industries, is the largest industrial employer in Virginia, and sole designer, builder and refueler of U.S. Navy aircraft carriers and one of two providers of U.S. Navy submarines.

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Niall Ferguson

Niall Campbell Ferguson (born 18 April 1964) Niall Ferguson is a conservative British historian and political commentator.

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Nick Farr-Jones

Nicholas Campbell Farr-Jones AM (born 18 April 1962 in Caringbah, New South Wales) is a former Australian rugby union footballer.

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Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.

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Oktay Rıfat Horozcu

Oktay Rifat Horozcu, better known as Oktay Rifat, (10 June 1914 – 18 April 1988) was a Turkish writer and playwright, and one of the forefront poets of modern Turkish poetry since the late 1930s.

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Oleg Petrov

Oleg Viktorovich Petrov (Олег Викторович Петров; born April 18, 1971) is a retired professional ice hockey right winger.

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Operation Praying Mantis

Operation Praying Mantis was an attack on 18 April 1988, by U.S. forces within Iranian territorial waters in retaliation for the Iranian mining of the Persian Gulf during the Iran–Iraq war and the subsequent damage to an American warship.

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Operation Vengeance

Operation Vengeance was the American military operation to kill Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto of the Imperial Japanese Navy on April 18, 1943, during the Solomon Islands campaign in the Pacific Theater of World War II.

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Osbald of Northumbria

Osbald was a king of Northumbria during 796.

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Otto Piene

Otto Piene (18 April 1928 – 17 July 2014) was a German artist specializing in kinetic and technology-based art.

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Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.

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Ottorino Respighi

Ottorino Respighi (9 July 187918 April 1936) was an Italian violinist, composer and musicologist, best known for his three orchestral tone poems Fountains of Rome (1916), Pines of Rome (1924), and Roman Festivals (1928).

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Patrick Hennessy (industrialist)

Sir Patrick Hennessy (18 April 1898 – 13 March 1981) was an Irish-born British industrialist, originally from County Cork.

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Paul Callery

Paul Callery (born 18 April 1950) is a former Australian rules footballer who played for Melbourne, St Kilda and South Melbourne in the Victorian Football League (VFL) during the 1970s.

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Paul Revere

Paul Revere (December 21, 1734 O.S.May 10, 1818) was an American silversmith, engraver, early industrialist, and Patriot in the American Revolution.

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Paul-Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran

Paul-Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran, also called François Lecoq de Boisbaudran (18 April 1838 – 28 May 1912), was a French chemist known for his discoveries of the chemical elements gallium, samarium and dysprosium.

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Per-Erik Hedlund

Per-Erik Hedlund (18 April 1897 – 12 February 1975) was a Swedish cross-country skier.

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Percy Smith (English footballer)

Percy James Smith (1880–1959) was an English footballer and football manager, who played for Preston North End and Blackburn Rovers.

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Perfectus

Saint Perfectus (Santo Perfecto) (died 18 April 850) was one of the Martyrs of Córdoba whose martyrdom was recorded by Saint Eulogius in the Memoriale sanctorum.

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Peter Hordern

Sir Peter Maudslay Hordern, DL, PC (born 18 April 1929) is a British Conservative Party politician.

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Peter Van Loan

Peter Van Loan, (born April 18, 1963) is a Canadian politician who is the Member of Parliament for the electoral district of York—Simcoe.

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Phil Simmons

Philip Verant Simmons (born 18 April 1963) is a former West Indian cricketer who was an all-rounder played as an opening batsman, a medium-fast bowler and a slip fielder.

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Philip Jackson (sculptor)

Philip Henry Christopher Jackson CVO DL (born 18 April 1944) is an award-winning Scottish sculptor, noted for his modern style and emphasis on form.

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Pierre Desproges

Pierre Desproges (May 9, 1939 – April 18, 1988) was a French humorist.

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Pierre Laval

Pierre Jean-Marie Laval (28 June 1883 – 15 October 1945) was a French politician.

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Pierre Pettigrew

Pierre Stewart Pettigrew, (born April 18, 1951 in Quebec City, Quebec) is a Canadian politician.

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Pigmeat Markham

Dewey "Pigmeat" Markham (April 18, 1904 – December 13, 1981) was an American entertainer.

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Pitcher

In baseball, the pitcher is the player who throws the baseball from the pitcher's mound toward the catcher to begin each play, with the goal of retiring a batter, who attempts to either make contact with the pitched ball or draw a walk.

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Plato of Sakkoudion

Venerable Platon the Studite, also Plato of Sakkoudion (Ὅσιος Πλάτων τῆς Μονῆς τῶν Σακκουδίων), probably Constantinople, ca.

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Poland

Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.

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Polydore Vergil

Polidoro Virgili, commonly Latinised as Polydorus Vergilius, or anglicised as Polydore Vergil (or Virgil), and often known as Polydore Vergil of Urbino (c. 1470 – 18 April 1555) was an Italian humanist scholar, historian, priest and diplomat, who spent most of his life in England.

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President of Argentina

The President of the Argentine Nation (Presidente de la Nación Argentina), usually known as the President of Argentina, is both head of state and head of government of Argentina.

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President of Fiji

The President of the Republic of Fiji is the head of state of Fiji.

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President of France

The President of the French Republic (Président de la République française) is the executive head of state of France in the French Fifth Republic.

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President of Ireland

The President of Ireland (Uachtarán na hÉireann) is the head of state of the Republic of Ireland and the Supreme Commander of the Irish Defence Forces.

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President of Liberia

The President of the Republic of Liberia is the head of state and government of Liberia.

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President of Portugal

The President of the Portuguese Republic (Presidente da República Portuguesa) is the executive head of state of Portugal.

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President of Slovakia

The President of the Slovak Republic (Prezident Slovenskej republiky) is the head of state of Slovakia and the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces.

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Prime minister

A prime minister is the head of a cabinet and the leader of the ministers in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system.

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Prime Minister of Italy

The President of the Council of Ministers of the Italian Republic (Italian: Presidente del Consiglio dei ministri della Repubblica Italiana), commonly referred to in Italy as Presidente del Consiglio, or informally as Premier and known in English as the Prime Minister of Italy, is the head of government of the Italian Republic.

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Prime Minister of Lebanon

The Prime Minister of Lebanon, officially the President of the Council of Ministers, is the head of government and the head of the Council of Ministers.

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Prime Minister of Poland

The President of the Council of Ministers (Polish: Prezes Rady Ministrów), colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister of Poland (Polish: Premier Polski), is the leader of the cabinet and the head of government of Poland.

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Public holidays in Poland

Holidays in Poland are regulated by the Non-working Days Act of 18 January 1951 (Ustawa z dnia 18 stycznia 1951 o dniach wolnych od pracy; Journal of Laws 1951 No. 4, Item 28).

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Public holidays in Zimbabwe

The following is a list of holidays in Zimbabwe: Public holidays are as detailed in the (Chapter 10:21), its various amendments and General Notices.

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Qana massacre

The Qana massacre took place on April 18, 1996, near Qana, a village in Southern Lebanon, when the Israel Defense Forces fired artillery shells at a United Nations compound.

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Queen consort

A queen consort is the wife of a reigning king (or an empress consort in the case of an emperor).

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Queen Victoria

Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.

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Rabiu Afolabi

Rabiu Afolabi (born 18 April 1980), is a Nigerian retired footballer, who played as a centre-back.

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Régis Wargnier

Régis Wargnier (born 18 April 1948) is a French film director, film producer, screenwriter and film score composer.

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Real Academia de la Historia

(English: Royal Academy of History) is a Spanish institution based in Madrid that studies history "ancient and modern, political, civil, ecclesiastical, military, scientific, of letters and arts, that is to say, the different branches of life, of civilisation, and of the culture of the Spanish people".

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Red Bryant

Joseph Anthony "Red" Bryant (born April 18, 1984) is a former American football defensive tackle.

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Reeve Carney

Reeve Jefferson Carney (born April 18, 1983) is an American singer-songwriter and actor most known for originating the role of Peter Parker/Spider-Man in Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark on Broadway.

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René Lépine

René G. Lépine, Sr. (October 23, 1929 – April 18, 2012) was a Canadian real estate developer, philanthropist and founder of Groupe Lépine, a privately owned real estate company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec, of which he was the Chairman and President.

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Republic of Ireland Act 1948

The Republic of Ireland Act 1948 (No. 22 of 1948) is an Act of the Oireachtas which declared that Ireland may be officially described as the Republic of Ireland, and vested in the President of Ireland the power to exercise the executive authority of the state in its external relations, on the advice of the Government of Ireland.

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Revolt of the Admirals

A Cold War incident known as the "Revolt of the Admirals" involved a number of retired and active-duty United States Navy admirals who publicly disagreed with President Harry S. Truman and Secretary of Defense Louis A. Johnson in their emphasis on strategic nuclear bombing executed by the United States Air Force as the primary means by which the nation and its interests were defended.

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Rhodesia

Rhodesia was an unrecognised state in southern Africa from 1965 to 1979, equivalent in territory to modern Zimbabwe.

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Rhodesian dollar

The dollar (R$) was the currency of Rhodesia between 1970 and 1980.

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Ricardo Colclough

Ricardo Sanchez Colclough (born September 26, 1983) is a former Canadian football cornerback and linebacker in the Canadian Football League.

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Ricardo Fortaleza

Ricardo Mendoza Fortaleza (born April 18, 1951 in Malate, Manila, Philippines) is a Filipino-Australian retired Olympic amateur boxer/amateur boxing coach and boxing instructor.

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Richard Bausch

Richard Bausch (born April 18, 1945) is an American novelist and short story writer, and Professor in the Writing Program at Chapman University in Orange, California.

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Richard Harding Davis

Richard Harding Davis (April 18, 1864 – April 11, 1916) was an American journalist and writer of fiction and drama, known foremost as the first American war correspondent to cover the Spanish–American War, the Second Boer War, and the First World War.

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Rick Moranis

Frederick Allan "Rick" Moranis (born April 18, 1953) is a Canadian actor, comedian, screenwriter, producer, musician, and songwriter.

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Rico Brogna

Rico Joseph Brogna (born April 18, 1970) is a former Major League Baseball (MLB) first baseman who played for the Detroit Tigers, New York Mets, Philadelphia Phillies, Boston Red Sox, and Atlanta Braves in his career starting in 1992, and from 1994 to 2001.

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Rithy Panh

Rithy Panh (ប៉ាន់ រិទ្ធី; born April 18, 1964) is a Cambodian documentary film director and screenwriter.

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Robert Bausch

Robert Bausch (born April 18, 1945)http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Bausch_Robert_1945-#start_entry is an American fiction writer, the author of nine novels and one collection of short stories.

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Robert Christgau

Robert Thomas Christgau (born April 18, 1942) is an American essayist and music journalist.

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Robert Greenberg

Robert M. Greenberg (born April 18, 1954) is an American composer, pianist, and musicologist who was born in Brooklyn, New York.

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Robert Hanssen

Robert Philip Hanssen (born April 18, 1944) is a former Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agent who spied for Soviet and Russian intelligence services against the United States from 1979 to 2001.

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Robert Změlík

Robert Změlík (born April 18, 1969 in Prostějov) is a Czech track and field athlete who won a gold medal in Olympic decathlon in 1992.

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Roger Graef

Roger Arthur Graef OBE (born 18 April 1936) is a theatre director and filmmaker.

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Roger Lobo

Sir Rogério Hyndman Lobo, CBE, JP (15 September 1923 - 18 April 2015), generally known as Roger Lobo, was a British businessman of Hong Kong-Macanese, Portuguese and Scottish descent.

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Roland Garros (aviator)

Eugène Adrien Roland Georges Garros (6 October 1888 – 5 October 1918) was a French pioneering aviator and fighter pilot during World War I and early days of aviation.

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Rosa Clemente

Rosa Alicia Clemente (born April 18, 1972) is an American community organizer, independent journalist, and hip-hop activist.

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Rosie Huntington-Whiteley

Rosie Alice Huntington-Whiteley (born 18 April 1987) is an English model, actress, designer, and businesswoman.

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Roy Mason

Roy Mason, Baron Mason of Barnsley, (18 April 1924 – 19 April 2015) was a British Labour politician and Cabinet minister who was Secretary of State for Defence and Secretary of State for Northern Ireland in the late 1970s.

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Royal charter

A royal charter is a formal document issued by a monarch as letters patent, granting a right or power to an individual or a body corporate.

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Russia

Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

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Saad Hariri

Saad El-Din Rafik Al-Hariri (سعد الدين رفيق الحريري; born 18 April 1970) is a Lebanese politician who has been the Prime Minister of Lebanon since December 2016.

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Sam Crawford

Samuel Earl Crawford (April 18, 1880 – June 15, 1968), nicknamed "Wahoo Sam", was a Major League Baseball outfielder for the Cincinnati Reds and Detroit Tigers from 1899 to 1917.

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Sam Mills

Samuel Davis Mills Jr. (June 3, 1959 – April 18, 2005) was an American football linebacker who played twelve seasons in the National Football League (NFL) for the New Orleans Saints and Carolina Panthers.

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Samantha Jade

Samantha Jade Gibbs (born 18 April 1987) is an ARIA Award-winning Australian singer, songwriter, actress and former child model from Perth, Western Australia.

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Samuel P. Huntington

Samuel Phillips Huntington (April 18, 1927 – December 24, 2008) was an American political scientist, adviser and academic.

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San Francisco

San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.

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Sanford Jay Frank

Sanford Jay "Sandy" Frank, also known as Sandy Frank (July 21, 1954 – April 18, 2014), was a television writer who was known as a writer for Late Night with David Letterman.

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Scott Hartnell

Scott Wesley Hartnell (born April 18, 1982) is a Canadian professional ice hockey left winger currently playing for the Nashville Predators in the National Hockey League (NHL).

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Secretary of State for Defence

Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Defence (Defence Secretary) is an official within Her Majesty's Government and head of the Ministry of Defence.

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Selfridges Building, Birmingham

The Selfridges Building is a landmark building in Birmingham, England.

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Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland

The Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland is a member of the UK Shadow Cabinet responsible for the scrutiny of the Secretary of State for Scotland and his/her department, the Scotland Office.

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Shinobu Hashimoto

Shinobu Hashimoto (橋本 忍, Hashimoto Shinobu) (born 18 April 1918) is a Japanese screenwriter, director, producer, and was a frequent collaborator with Akira Kurosawa.

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Simas Buterlevičius

Simas Buterlevičius (born 18 April 1989) is a Lithuanian professional basketball player for Juventus Utena of Lithuanian Basketball League.

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Simonds d'Ewes

Sir Simonds d'Ewes, 1st Baronet (18 December 1602 in Milden, Suffolk, England – 18 April 1650) was an antiquary and politician.

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Simone Farina

Simone Farina (born 18 April 1982) is a former Italian footballer who played as a defender, and now works for Aston Villa as a Community Coach.

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Sir Francis Baring, 1st Baronet

Sir Francis Baring, 1st Baronet (18 April 1740 – 11 September 1810) was an English merchant banker, a member of the Baring family, later becoming the first of the Baring baronets.

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Solicitor General for Scotland

Her Majesty's Solicitor General for Scotland (Àrd-neach-lagha a' Chrùin an Alba) is one of the Law Officers of the Crown, and the deputy of the Lord Advocate, whose duty is to advise the Crown and the Scottish Government on Scots Law.

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Spiritualism

Spiritualism is a new religious movement based on the belief that the spirits of the dead exist and have both the ability and the inclination to communicate with the living.

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St. Andrew's First Aid

St Andrew's First Aid is a charity based in Scotland.

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St. Peter's Basilica

The Papal Basilica of St.

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Staffan Strand

Staffan Bo Strand (born 18 April 1976 in Upplands Väsby) is a Swedish former high jumper.

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Stefan Schwarz

Hans-Jürgen Stefan Schwarz (born 18 April 1969), better known as Stefan Schwarz, is a retired Swedish footballer who played as a midfielder.

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Stephen Lekapenos

Stephen Lekapenos or Lecapenus (Στέφανος Λακαπηνός; died 18 April 963) was the second son of the Byzantine emperor Romanos I Lekapenos (r. 920–944), and co-emperor from 924 to 945.

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Steuart Pringle

Lieutenant General Sir Steuart Robert Pringle, (21 July 1928 – 18 April 2013) was a Royal Marines officer who served as Commandant General Royal Marines from 1981 to 1985 and was seriously injured by an IRA car bomb in 1981.

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Steve Blass

Stephen Robert Blass (born April 18, 1942) is a former Major League Baseball right-handed pitcher and a current broadcast announcer for the Pittsburgh Pirates.

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Suicide attack

A suicide attack is any violent attack in which the attacker expects their own death as a direct result of the method used to harm, damage or destroy the target.

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Superior General of the Society of Jesus

The Superior General of the Society of Jesus is the official title of the leader of the Society of Jesus – the Roman Catholic religious order which is also known as the Jesuits.

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Susan Faludi

Susan Charlotte Faludi (born April 18, 1959) is an American feminist journalist and author.

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Swaziland

Swaziland, officially the Kingdom of Eswatini since April 2018 (Swazi: Umbuso weSwatini), is a landlocked sovereign state in Southern Africa.

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Sydney Halter

Gerald Sydney Halter, (April 18, 1905 – October 24, 1990) was a Canadian lawyer and the first commissioner of the Canadian Football League.

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Tadeusz Mazowiecki

Tadeusz Mazowiecki; (18 April 1927 – 28 October 2013) was a Polish author, journalist, philanthropist and Christian-democratic politician, formerly one of the leaders of the Solidarity movement, and the first non-communist Polish prime minister since 1946.

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Tantia Tope

Tatya Tope (1814 – 18 April 1859) was a general in the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and one of its notable leaders.

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Tatiana Stefanidou

Tatiana Stefanidou (Τατιάνα Στεφανίδου; born April 18, 1970 in Athens) is a Greek television host and former journalist on Greek television.

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Tatyana Shchelkanova

Tatyana Shchelkanova (Татья́на Щелка́нова, 18 April 1937 – 24 November 2011) was a Soviet long jumper, sprinter and pentathlete who won a bronze medal in the long jump at the 1964 Olympics.

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Taylor Griffin

Taylor Griffin (born April 18, 1986) is an American professional basketball player who last played for Pallacanestro Trapani of the Italian Serie A2.

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Teddy Taylor

Sir Edward MacMillan Taylor (18 April 1937 – 20 September 2017) was a British Conservative Party politician who was a member of parliament (MP) from 1964 to 1979 for Glasgow Cathcart and from 1980 to 2005 for Rochford and Southend East.

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Terry Sanford

James Terry Sanford (August 20, 1917 – April 18, 1998) was an American university administrator and politician from North Carolina.

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The Hague

The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.

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The Spirits Book

The Spirits Book (Le Livre des Esprits in original French) is part of the Spiritist Codification, and is regarded as one of the five fundamental works of Spiritism.

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Theobald of Bec

Theobald of Bec (c. 1090 – 18 April 1161) was a Norman archbishop of Canterbury from 1139 to 1161.

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Thomas J. Moyer

Thomas Joseph Moyer (April 18, 1939 – April 2, 2010) was an American jurist and the chief justice of the Ohio Supreme Court from 1987 to 2010.

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Thomas Middleton

Thomas Middleton (baptised 18 April 1580 – July 1627; also spelled Midleton) was an English Jacobean playwright and poet.

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Thor Heyerdahl

Thor Heyerdahl (October 6, 1914 – April 18, 2002) was a Norwegian adventurer and ethnographer with a background in zoology, botany, and geography.

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Tina Chow

Bettina Louise "Tina" Chow (April 18, 1950 – January 24, 1992) was an American model and jewelry designer who was considered an influential fashion icon of the 1970s and 1980s.

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Tommy Shannon

Tommy Shannon (born Thomas Lafitte Smedley; April 18, 1946) is an American bass guitarist, who is best known as a member of Double Trouble, a blues rock band led by Stevie Ray Vaughan.

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Tony Mottola

Anthony C. Mottola (April 18, 1918 – August 9, 2004) was an American jazz guitarist who released dozens of solo albums.

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Tuscaloosa, Alabama

Tuscaloosa is a city in and the seat of Tuscaloosa County in west central Alabama (in the southeastern United States).

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Ty LaForest

Byron Joseph LaForest (April 18, 1917 – May 5, 1947) was a Canadian professional baseball player.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

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University of Alabama

The University of Alabama (Alabama or UA) is a public research university located in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, United States, and the flagship of the University of Alabama System.

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Vacuum tube

In electronics, a vacuum tube, an electron tube, or just a tube (North America), or valve (Britain and some other regions) is a device that controls electric current between electrodes in an evacuated container.

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Valeri Kamensky

Valeri Viktorovich Kamenski (Валерий Викторович Каменский) (born 18 April 1966) is a retired Russian ice hockey player.

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Vic Albury

Victor Albury (May 12, 1947 – April 18, 2017) was a Major League pitcher for the Minnesota Twins.

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Vicente Sotto

Vicente Sotto y Yap (April 18, 1877 – May 28, 1950) was a Filipino politician and former Senator of the Philippines.

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Vichy France

Vichy France (Régime de Vichy) is the common name of the French State (État français) headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain during World War II.

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Violette Morris

Violette Morris (18 April 1893 – 26 April 1944) was a French athlete who won two gold and one silver medals at the Women's World Games in 1921–1922.

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Virginia O'Brien

Virginia Lee O'Brien (April 18, 1919 – January 16, 2001) was an American actress, singer, and radio personality known for her comedic roles in Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer musicals of the 1940s.

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Vladimir Hütt

Vladimir Hütt (Владимир Платонович Хютт, Vladimir Platonivich Khyutt; 18 April 1936 in Leningrad – 4 June 1997) was an Estonian philosopher.

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Vladimir Serbsky

Vladimir Petrovich Serbsky (Влади́мир Петро́вич Се́рбский, in Bogorodsk – in Moscow) was one of the founders of the forensic psychiatry in Russia.

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Wahoo McDaniel

Edward McDaniel (June 19, 1938 – April 18, 2002) was a Choctaw-Chickasaw Native American who achieved fame as a professional American football player and later as a professional wrestler.

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Waldemar Hammenhög

Per Waldemar Hammenhög (18 April 1902 – 1 November 1972) was a Swedish writer and novelist.

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Whitney Museum of American Art

The Whitney Museum of American Art – known informally as the "Whitney" – is an art museum located in Manhattan.

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Wilhelm von Grumbach

Wilhelm von Grumbach (1 June 1503 – 18 April 1567) was a German adventurer, chiefly known through his connection with the so-called “Grumbach Feud” (Grumbachsche Händel), the last attempt of the Imperial Knights to prevail against the power of the territorial Princes of the Holy Roman Empire.

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William Debenham

William Debenham (18 April 1794 – 24 September 1863) was the founder of Debenhams, one of the largest retailers in the United Kingdom.

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William Harrison (priest)

William Harrison (18 April 1534 – 24 April 1593) was an English clergyman, whose Description of England was produced as part of the publishing venture of a group of London stationers who produced Raphael Holinshed's Chronicles (London 1577).

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Wojciech Szczęsny

Wojciech Tomasz Szczęsny (born 18 April 1990) is a Polish professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Italian club Juventus and the Poland national team.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Yankee Stadium (1923)

Yankee Stadium was a stadium located in the Bronx, a borough of New York City.

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Yelena Zhupiyeva-Vyazova

Yelena Zhupiyeva-Vyazova (Елена Жупиева-Вязова; born April 18, 1960) is a retired female track and field athlete from Ukraine, who competed mainly in the 10,000 metres.

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Yokohama

, literally "Port to the side" or "Beside the port", is the second largest city in Japan by population, after Tokyo, and the most populous municipality of Japan.

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Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of roughly million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most commonly used. Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade. The British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s; it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then government and from which it withdrew from in December 2003. It is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity. Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule; he was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, who was burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator". The country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way. On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's rapidly declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état. On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed.

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Zimbabwean dollar

The Zimbabwean dollar (sign: $, or Z$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies) was the official currency of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 12 April 2009.

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1025

Year 1025 (MXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1161

Year 1161 (MCLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1176

Year 1176 (MCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1446

Year 1446 (MCDXLVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1480

Year 1480 (MCDLXXX) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1503

Year 1503 (MDIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1506

Year 1506 (MDVI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1518

Year 1518 (MDXVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1521

Year 1521 (MDXXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1534

Year 1534 (MDXXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1552

Year 1552 (MDLII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1555

Year 1555 (MDLV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1556

Year 1556 (MDLVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1567

Year 1567 (MDLXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1580

Year 1580 (MDLXXX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar, and a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Proleptic Gregorian calendar.

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1587

No description.

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1590

No description.

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1605

No description.

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1636

No description.

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1650

No description.

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1666

This is the first year to be designated as an Annus mirabilis, in John Dryden's 1667 poem so titled, celebrating England's failure to be beaten either by the Dutch or by fire.

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1674

No description.

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1689

No description.

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1689 Boston revolt

The 1689 Boston revolt was a popular uprising on April 18, 1689 against the rule of Sir Edmund Andros, the governor of the Dominion of New England.

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1732

No description.

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1738

No description.

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1740

No description.

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1759

In Great Britain, this year was known as the Annus Mirabilis, because of British victories in the Seven Years' War.

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1763

No description.

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1771

No description.

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1772

No description.

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1775

The American Revolution begins this year, with the first military engagement being the April 19 Battles of Lexington and Concord on the day after Paul Revere's now-epic ride.

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1794

No description.

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1796

No description.

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1797

No description.

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18 April 2007 Baghdad bombings

The 18 April 2007 Baghdad bombings were a series of attacks that occurred when five car bombs exploded across Baghdad, the capital city of Iraq, on 18 April 2007, killing nearly 200 people.

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18 April 2013 Baghdad bombing

On 18 April 2013, a suicide bombing in a Baghdad cafe killed 27 people and injured another 65.

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1802

No description.

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1813

No description.

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1819

No description.

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1831

No description.

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1832

No description.

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1838

No description.

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1847

No description.

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1854

No description.

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1857

No description.

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1858

No description.

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1859

No description.

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1863

January-March.

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1864

No description.

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1873

No description.

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1874

No description.

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1877

No description.

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1879

No description.

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1880

No description.

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1882

No description.

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1884

No description.

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1888

In Germany, 1888 is known as the Year of the Three Emperors.

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1889

No description.

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1892

No description.

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1893

No description.

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1897

No description.

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1898

No description.

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1899

No description.

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1900

As of March 1 (O.S. February 17), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 13 days until February 28 (O.S. February 15), 2100.

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1901

No description.

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1902

No description.

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1902 Guatemala earthquake

The 1902 Guatemala earthquake occurred on April 18 at 8:23 pm with a moment magnitude of 7.5 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe).

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1904

No description.

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1905

As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War began, more than 100,000 died in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos lead to a revolution against the Tsar (Shostakovich's 11th Symphony is subtitled The Year 1905 to commemorate this).

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1906

No description.

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1906 San Francisco earthquake

The 1906 San Francisco earthquake struck the coast of Northern California at 5:12 a.m. on Wednesday, April 18 with an estimated moment magnitude of 7.9 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme).

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1907

No description.

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1909

No description.

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1911

A highlight was the race for the South Pole.

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1912

No description.

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1914

This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after an heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist.

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1915

Below, the events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.

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1916

Below, the events of the First World War have the "WWI" prefix.

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1917

This year was famous for the October Revolution in Russia, by Vladimir Lenin.

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1918

This year is famous for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the flu pandemic, that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.

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1919

No description.

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1920

No description.

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1921

No description.

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1922

No description.

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1923

No description.

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1924

No description.

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1925

No description.

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1926

No description.

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1927

No description.

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1928

No description.

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1929

This year marked the end of a period known in American history as the Roaring Twenties after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ushered in a worldwide Great Depression.

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1930

No description.

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1931

No description.

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1934

No description.

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1935

No description.

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1936

No description.

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1937

No description.

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1938

No description.

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1939

This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

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1940

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1941

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.

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1942

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1943

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1944

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1945

This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.

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1946

No description.

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1947

No description.

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1948

No description.

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1949

No description.

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1950

No description.

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1951

No description.

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1953

No description.

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1954

No description.

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1955

No description.

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1956

No description.

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1957

No description.

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1958

No description.

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1959

No description.

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1960

It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.

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1961

As MAD Magazine pointed out on its cover for the March 1961 issue, this was the first "upside-up" year — i.e., one in which the numerals that form the year look the same as when the numerals are rotated upside down, a strobogrammatic number — since 1881.

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1962

No description.

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1963

No description.

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1964

No description.

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1965

No description.

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1966

No description.

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1967

No description.

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1969

The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).

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1970

No description.

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1971

The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.

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1972

Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated.

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1973

No description.

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1974

No description.

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1976

No description.

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1977

No description.

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1979

No description.

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1980

No description.

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1981

No description.

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1982

No description.

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1983

The year 1983 saw both the official beginning of the Internet and the first mobile cellular telephone call.

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1983 United States embassy bombing

The April 18, 1983, United States embassy bombing was a suicide bombing in Beirut, Lebanon, that killed 63 people, including 17 Americans.

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1984

No description.

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1985

The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.

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1986

The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.

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1987

No description.

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1988

In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).

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1989

1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

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1990

Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika.

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1992

1992 was designated as.

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1993

No description.

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1995

This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.

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1996

1996 was designated as.

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1997

No description.

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1997 Red River flood

The Red River flood of 1997 was a major flood that occurred in April and May 1997 along the Red River of the North in Minnesota, North Dakota, and Southern Manitoba.

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1998

1998 was designated as the International Year of the Ocean.

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2002

2002 was designated as.

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2003

2003 was designated the.

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2004

2004 was designated as.

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2005

2005 was designated as.

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2006

2006 was designated as.

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2007

2007 was designated as.

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2008

2008 was designated as.

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2012

2012 was designated as.

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2013

2013 was designated as.

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2014

2014 was designated as.

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2015

2015 was designated as.

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2016

2016 was designated as.

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2017

2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.

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2018

2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.

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359

Year 359 (CCCLIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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588

Year 588 (DLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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727

Year 727 (DCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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796

Year 796 (DCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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812

Year 812 (DCCCXII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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850

For codepage, see CP850. Year 850 (DCCCL) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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909

Year 909 (CMIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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943

Year 943 (CMXLIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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963

Year 963 (CMLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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Redirects here:

18 April, 18/4, 18th April, 4/18, Apr 18, April 18th.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_18

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